The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, circa July 1861

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, circa July 1861

Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse

Army of the Potomac

Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, Provisional Army of Virginia

Warrenton Rifles: CAPT. J Q Marr
Captain J Q Marr, Warrenton Rifles, was killed during the skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 3 and 4 AM on 1 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant B H Shackleford, Warrenton Rifles, was appointed captain, Warrenton Rifles, on 3 June, 1861. The company was assigned to the 17th Virginia Infantry, Company K, on 10 June, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).
Prince William Cavalry: CAPT. W W Thornton
The company was stationed at Davis' Ford, on Cedar Run, on 21 July, 1861 (See Scott's Squadron Cavalry).
Rappahannock Cavalry: CAPT. J S Green
The company was stationed at Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Jennifer's Battalion Cavalry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W H Jenifer, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 21 July, 1861 (See Jenifer's Battalion Cavalry).

McDowell's Army

Detachment of Second United States Cavalry, Company B: First Lt. C H Tompkins
Second Lieutenant D S Gordon, 2nd United States Dragoons, was temporarily assigned to the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, on 1 June, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Cavalry).

Sources

"The troops at the Court House were composed of the Prince William Cavalry, Capt. Thornton, 60 men; Warrenton Rifles, Capt. John Q. Marr (arrived the previous evening), and a Rappahannock horse company - about 40 men."

Memoirs of Governor William Smith, of Virginia, his political, military, and personal history, by John W Bell

Confederate General R. S. Ewell: Robert E. Lee's hesitant commander, by Paul D Casdorph

Battle at Bull Run: A history of the first major campaign of the Civil War, by W C Davis

History of the United States Cavalry: From the formation of the Federal Government to the 1st of June, 1863, by Albert Gallatin Brackett

Notes

Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell

Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, cavalry, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to command the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac and was ordered to Farifax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Prince William County, to Farifax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, Prince William Cavalry & Warrenton Rifles, 27 & 31 May, 1861: The Prince William Cavalry arrived at Farifax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 27 May, 1861, and the Warrenton Rifles on 31 May, 1861.

Note: The Rappahannock Cavalry was stationed at Farifax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861, and Ex-governor W Smith arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 31 May, 1861. Ex-governor W Smith was temporarily assigned to command the Warrenton Rifles at Farifax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 1 June, 1861 (See the 49th Virginia Infantry).

Troops stationed at Farifax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 31 May, 1861: Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, cavalry, Provisional Army of Virginia; Warenton Rifles, Captain J Q Marr; Rappahannock Cavalry, Captain J S Green; Prince William Cavalry, Captain W W Thornton

Captured at Farifax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861: Prince William Cavalry (3), Rappahannock Cavalry (1), C F Washington

Note: Captain J Q Marr, Warenton Rifles, was killed during the skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 1 June, 1861.

First Lieutenant C H Tompkins

The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was stationed at Camp Union, south of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861.

South of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, 31 May-1 June, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry (50/75), Company B, under the commmand of First Lieutenant C H Tompkins, was ordered on a scouting expedition to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10.30 PM on 31 May, 1861, and was accompanied by Second Lieutenant D S Gordon, 2nd United States Dragoons, Company E, and Assistant Quartermaster W Cary, Quartermaster H S Fearing, and Adjutant P Frank, 5th New York States Militia (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington). Company B was engaged in a skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 1 June, 1861.

Note: First Lieutenant C H Tompkins, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was severely wounded during the skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 1 June, 1861.

Casulaties of 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, 1 June, 1861: One killed, four wounded, one missing

TRoops ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, 1-2 June, 1861

The Goochland Light Dragoons and the Hanover Light Dragoons were stationed at Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861.

Fairfax Station to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, Goochland Light Dragoons & Hanover Light Dragoons, 1 June, 1861: The Goochland Light Dragoons and the Hanover Light Dragoons arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 AM on 1 June, 1861.

Centreville to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1st South Carolina Infantry, Company E, 1 June, 1861: The 1st South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Camp Gregg, Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861, and the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Company E, was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Manassas Junction, Prince William County, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1st Virginia Infantry, Companies B, D, G, & K, 1-2 June, 1861: The 1st Virginia Infantry, Companies B, D, G, and K, under the command of Major W Munford, were ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 11 PM on 1 June, 1861, and arrived via Fairfax Station and W Farr's Crossroad's, one and a quarter miles south of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 2 June, 1861 (See the 1st Virginia Infantry).

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.2: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p60
First Lieutenant C H Tompkins, Second United States Cavalry, dated Camp Union, in the vicinity of Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.4: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p61-62
Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, dated Camp Pickens, Prince William County, Manassas Junction, Virginia, 1 and 2 June, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.5: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p63-64
Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, Provisional Army of Virginia, dated Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861

Orders of Battle

The above painting, 'The Fourth Alabama', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historical artist.