The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, circa July 1861

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, circa July 1861

Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse

Army of the Potomac

Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, Confederate States Army

Warrenton Rifles: CAPT. J Q Marr
Captain J Q Marr was killed during the skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 3 and 4 AM on 1 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant B H Shackleford was appointed captain on 3 June, 1861. The company was assigned to the 17th Virginia Infantry, Company K, on 10 June, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).
Prince William Cavalry: CAPT. W W Thornton
The company was assigned to guard Davis' Ford, on Cedar Run, in the evening on 18 July, 1861 (See Scott's Squadron Cavalry).
Rappahannock Cavalry: CAPT. J S Green
The company was assigned to Jennifer's Battalion Cavalry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W H Jenifer, on 21 July, 1861 (See Jenifer's Battalion Cavalry).

Army of Northeastern Virginia

Detachment Second United States Cavalry, Company B: First Lt. C H Tompkins
Second Lieutenant D S Gordon, 2nd United States Dragoons, was temporarily assigned to a detachment of fifty men, under the command of First Lieutenant CH Tompkins, on 1 June, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Cavalry).

Sources

"The troops at the Court House were composed of the Prince William Cavalry, Capt. Thornton, 60 men; Warrenton Rifles, Capt. John Q. Marr (arrived the previous evening), and a Rappahannock horse company – about 40 men."

Memoirs of Governor William Smith, of Virginia, his political, military, and personal history, by John W Bell

Confederate General R. S. Ewell: Robert E. Lee's hesitant commander, by Paul D Casdorph

Battle at Bull Run: A history of the first major campaign of the Civil War, by W C Davis

History of the United States Cavalry: From the formation of the Federal Government to the 1st of June, 1863, by Albert Gallatin Brackett

Notes

Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac and was ordered to Farifax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

Farifax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 20, 27 & 31 May, 1861: The Rappahannock Cavalry was stationed at Farifax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861; the Prince William Cavalry arrived in the evening on 27 May, 1861, and the Warrenton Rifles on 31 May, 1861.

2nd United States Cavalry, Company B: A detachment of fifty men of the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, under the commmand of First Lieutenant C H Tompkins, were ordered to reconnoiter the country in the vicinity of Fairfax Courthouse, County, Virginia, and to gather information about the strength and disposition of the Army of the Potomac at Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10.30 PM on 31 May, 1861, and were accompanied by Second Lieutenant D S Gordon, 2nd United States Dragoons, and Assistant Quartermaster W Cary, Quartermaster H S Fearing and Adjutant P Frank, 5th New York States Militia Infantry (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Note: Ex-governor W Smith arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 31 May, 1861, and, after Captain J Q Marr was killed, was temporarily assigned to command the Warrenton Rifles between 3 and 4 AM on 1 June, 1861 (See the 49th Virginia Infantry).

Fairfax Station to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861: The Goochland Light Dragoons and the Hanover Light Dragoons were stationed at Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861, and arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 AM on 1 June, 1861. The Goochland Light Dragoons and the Hanover Light Dragoons were ordered to pursue the detachment of the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, on the road to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 1 June, 1861.

Note: The Governor's Mounted Guard and the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, were ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861, but the ordered was countermanded.

1st South Carolina Infantry, Company E, 1 June, 1861: The 1st South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Camp Gregg, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861, and Company E was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Manassas Junction, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1-2 June, 1861: The 1st Virginia Infantry, Companies B, D, G, and K, under the command of Major W Munford, were ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 11 PM on 1 June, 1861, and arrived via Fairfax Station and Farr's Crossroad's, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 2 June, 1861 (See the 1st Virginia Infantry).

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.2: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p60
First Lieutenant C H Tompkins, Second United States Cavalry, dated Camp Union, near Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.4: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p61-62
Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, dated Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 1 and 2 June, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.5: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p63-64
Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, Confederate States Army, dated Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861

Orders of Battle

The above painting, 'The Fourth Alabama', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historical artist.