The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Army of The Shenandoah

The complete Orders of Battle for the Army of the Shenandoah commanded by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army.

General J E Johnston was assigned to command the Armies of the Potomac and Shenandoah on 21 July, 1861

General J E Johnston commanding the Armies of the Potomac and Shenandoah on 21 July, 1861

Quartermaster General J E Johnston, United States Army, resigned at Washington, D. C., on 22 April, 1861, and proceeded by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861. He arrived by the Virginia Central Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861, and was appointed major general, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 26 April, 1861. Major General J E Johnston was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, at Montgomery, Montgomery, County, Alabama, on 14 May, 1861, and was assigned to command Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861. Brigadier General J E Johnston arrived at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. He was accompanied by Colonel E K Smith and Major W H C Whiting and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 23 May, 1861.

Brigadier General J E Johnston evacuated Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861, and arrived by the Valley Turnpike at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

The Army of the Shenandoah was organised at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and Brigadier General J E Johnston was appointed general, Confederate States Army, on 13 August, 1861, dated 4 July, 1861.

General J E Johnston was assigned to command the Armies of the Potomac and Shenandoah at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861, and was stationed at the Lewis House, Portici, on 21 July, 1861.

Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia

The 10th Virginia Infantry and the 13th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, were ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 13 June, 1861, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah). The 3rd Tennessee Infantry arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861, and the 10th Virginia Infantry, the 13th Virginia Infantry, and 3rd Tennessee Infantry, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, were ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 17 June, 1861 (See the 3rd Tennessee Infantry).

Skirmish at Twenty-first Bridge

The 13th Virginia infantry, Companies B, I, and a detachment of Company K, and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, Companies I and K, under the command of Colonel J C Vaughn, were ordered to destroy the Twenty-first Bridge, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, near New Creek Depot, Mineral County, Virginia, at 8 PM on 18 June, 1861, and were engaged in a skirmish with twenty-six members of the Cumberland Continentals, 50th Maryland State Militia Infantry, at 5 AM on 19 June, 1861 (See the Unassigned, Army of Pennsylvaania).

Detained at Piedmont Station

The 9th Georgia Infantry, the 11th Georgia Infantry, the Kentucky Battalion Infantry, the 11th Mississippi Infantry, Companies B, C, D, E, G, H, I, and K; the 1st Tennessee Infantry, the 9th Alabama Infantry, the 10th Alabama Infantry, the 11th Alabama Infantry, the 19th Mississippi Infantry, and the 38th Virginia Infantry were detained at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, by a collision on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad in the evening on 20 July, 1861, and Colonel J H Forney, 10th Alabama Infantry, was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, and all troops stationed at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 21 July, 1861 (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

The 11th Mississippi Infantry, Companies B, C, D, E, G, H, I, and K, and the 1st Tennessee Infantry arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861, and the Kentucky Battalion Infantry, the 9th Alabama Infantry, the 10th Alabama Infantry, the 11th Alabama Infantry, the 19th Mississippi Infantry, and the 38th Virginia Infantry arrived on 22 July, 1861.

The Army of Northern Virginia

The Army of the Shenandoah was redesignated the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Major General G W Smith, on 25 September, 1861.

The Army of the Potomac was assigned the Department of Northern Virginia by General Order 15, Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, on 22 October, 1861, and included the districts of the Valley, embracing the country between the Blue Ridge and Allegheny Mountains; the Potomac, consisting of the country between the Blue Ridge Mountains and the left bank of Powell's River; and Acquia, comprising the country between Powell's River and the mouth of the Potomac River, including the Northern Neck and the counties on each side of the Rappahannock River from its mouth to Fredericksburg, Virginia.

The Army of the Potomac was redesignated the Army of Northern Virginia, under the command of General J E Johnston, on 14 March, 1862.

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