The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia

Governor J Letcher called out the militia from the counties adjacent to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia

Governor of Virginia J Letcher called out the militia from the counties adjacent to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861

Virginia Militia

Two thousand five hundred Virginia Militia were stationed within the entrenchments at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861

Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia

Brigadier General G S Meem

Shenandoah County

Thirteenth Virginia Militia

Col. G W Murphy

The 13th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher on 13 July, 1861.

Note: Major G W Murphy, 13th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), was appointed colonel, 13th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), and B F Graves, major, 13th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), on 8 May, 1860.

One Hundred and Thirty-sixth Virginia Militia

Col. J H Sibert

The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 19 July, 1861, and Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day and Company H on 20 July, 1861. The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was discharged at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 9 September, 1861.

Note: The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861, and in the field was known as the 3rd Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Virginia Militia, on 19 July, 1861. The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was stationed at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 23 August, 1861.

Mustered six months, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 12 November, 1861, dated 4 November, 1861: The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 November, 1861. The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was mustered in Confederate service for six months at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Inspector General & Lieutenant Colonel W S H Baylor, Confederate States Army, on 12 November, 1861.

Note: The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company G, arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 11 November, 1861, and the 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was stationed at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 13 November and 31 December, 1861.

Discharged at New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia, 16 March-25 April, 1862: The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company B, was discharged at New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 16 March, 1862; Company E on 19 March, 1862; Companies A, D, F, and H on 23 March, 1862; and Company C on 25 April, 1862.

Organisation of 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County): Colonel J H Sibert, Lieutenant Colonel J A Hottel, Major J H Newell; Company A (Strasburg, Shenandoah County), Captain J J Conner; Company B (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain C B Bell; Company C (Woodstock, Shenandoah County), Captain J A Richards; Company D (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain J Miller; Company E (Woodstock, Shenandoah County), Captain N Swartz; Company F (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain L Dodson; Company G (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain E F Rinker; Company H (Strasburg, Shenandoah County), Captain D Shull

Note: Captain J Miller, 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company D, resigned on 11 November, 1861, and First Lieutenant B F Stickley, 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company D, was assigned to command the 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company D, between 11 November, 1861, and 23 March, 1862. Captain J J Conner, 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company A, resigned on 13 January, 1862.

One Hundred And Forty-sixth Virginia Militia

Col. H St G Albert

The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 21 June, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861. The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was disbanded by Major General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, on 1 April, 1862.

Note: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861, and in the field was known as the 1st Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Virginia Militia, on 2 July, 1861. Colonel H St G Albert, 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), resigned on 30 November, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel E Sipe, 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), was discharged on 10 March, 1862, and Major L Lutz, 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), on 23 March, 1862.

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 1, 4, 6, 5, 11, & 12 July & 3 November, 1861: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Companies A, D, and F, arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861; Company E on 5 July, 1861; Companies B and C on 6 July, 1861; Company G on 11 July, 1861; Company H on 12 July, 1861; and Company K on 3 November, 1861.

Note: Captain A Taylor, 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company A, was stationed at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 12 August, 1861, and the 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company B, was discharged on 24 August, 1861.

Stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, & Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 21 July, 23 August, 8 November, & 31 December, 1861: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was stationed at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 21 July and 23 August, 1861; at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 8 November, 1861; and at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 31 December, 1861.

Note: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company K, was accepted in Confederate service at Front Royal, Warren County, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861, and was discharged on 9 September, 1861. Company K was accepted in Confederate service on 5 November, 1861, and arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 19 November, 1861. Captain R C Mauck, 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company F, was appointed captain, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company C (2nd), on 10 April, 1862.

Discharged, 10, 14, 15, & 23 March, & 25 April, 1862: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company C, was discharged on 10 March, 1862; Company E (1st)/D on 14 March, 1862; Company F, on 15 March, 1862; Company G on 23 March, 1862; and Company K, on 25 April, 1862.

Organisation of 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County): Colonel H St. G Albert, Lieutenant Colonel E Sipe, Major L Lutz; Company A (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain A Taylor; Company B (Melrose, on the Valley Turnpike, four miles northeast of Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain R W Harrison Company C (Winchester, Frederick County), Captain G Arehart; Company E (1st)/D, Captain L H Cullers; Company E (2nd) (Woodstock, Shenandoah County), Captain W J Dinges; Company F (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain R C Mauck; Company G (Strasburg, Shenandoah County), Captain C Hockman; Company H (Front Royal, Warren County), Captain H T B Massie; Company K (Front Royal, Warren County), Captain A Updike

Note: Major L Lutz, 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), was appointed first lieutenant, Shenandoah Sharpshooters, on 15 July, 1861, but failed to report for duty between 15 and 18 July, 1861.

Page County

Ninety-seventh Virginia Militia

Col. M Spitler

The 97th Virginia Militia (Page County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 21 June, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861. The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was stationed at Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 19 and 31 December, 1861, and was disbanded by Major General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, on 26 April, 1862.

Note: The 97th Virginia Militia (Page County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861, and in the field was known as the 2nd Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Virginia Militia, on 2 July, 1861.

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 1, 4, 5, & 7 July, 1861: The 97th Virginia Militia (Page County) Company A, arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861; Companies D and H on 4 July, 1861; Companies E and F on 5 July, 1861; and Companies B, C, and G on 7 July, 1861.

Note: The 97th Virginia Militia (Page County) was stationed at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 7 and 23 August, 1861.

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Companies I, K, L, & M, 22 July-9 September & 4 November, 1861: The 97th Virginia Militia (Page County), Companies I, K, L, and M, were ordered in Confederate service at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 22 July, 1861, and were discharged on 9 September, 1861. Companies I, K, L, and M were ordered in Confederate service on 21 October, 1861, by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and arrived at at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 November, 1861.

Note: The 97th Virginia Militia (Page County), Companies I, K, L, and M, were stationed at Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 9 September, 1861, and the 97th Virginia Militia (Page County) was ordered to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 21 November, 1861.

Organisation of 97th Virginia Militia (Page County): Colonel M Spitler, Lieutenant Colonel T Buswell, Major C W Finter; Company A (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain J E N Harris; Company B (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain G J Grandstaff; Company C (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain A Peters; Company D (Port Republic, Rockingham County), Captain P R Bright/S H Wise; Company E (Luray, Page County), Captain D M Dovel; Company F (Luray, Page County), Captain H F Bradley; Company G (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain J H Huffman; Company H, Captain H A Kite; Company I (Luray, Page County), Captain J D Aleshire; Company K (Luray, Page County), Captain B F Shenk; Company L (Luray, Page County), Captain W W Rogers; Company M (Luray, Page County), Captain T J Graves

Note: S H Wise was appointed captain, 97th Virginia Militia (Page County), Company D, on 22 August, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 22 November and 9 and 18 December, 1861. The 97th Virginia Militia (Page County), Company D, was discharged on 13 March, 1862. First Sergeant A Peters, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company C, was appointed captain, 97th Virginia Militia (Page County), Company C, on 1 July, 1861, and Captain G J Grandstaff, 97th Virginia Militia (Page County), Company C, was mustered in Confederate service for two years as first lieutenant, 12th Virginia Cavalry, Company K, at Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 1 May, 1862.

Rockingham County

Fifty-eighth Virginia Militia

Col. W A Maupin

The 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 19 July, 1861, and Companies E and F arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861; Companies A, B, C, D, G, H, and K on 25 July, 1861; and Company I on 27 July, 1861, dated 25 July, 1861. The 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) was discharged on 11 September, 1861.

Note: The 58th Virginia Militia (RockinghamCounty) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861, and in the field was known as the 4th Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Virginia Militia, on 22 July, 1861. The 58th Virginia Militia (RockinghamCounty) was stationed at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 23 August, 1861.

Mustered six months, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 12 November, 1861: The 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for six months at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Inspector General & Lieutenant Colonel W S H Baylor, Confederate States Army, on 12 November, 1861.

Organisation of 58th Virginia Militia: Colonel W A Maupin, Major O P Horn; Company A (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain C W Harnsberger; Company B (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain N W Bowman; Company C (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain H Wise; Company D (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain A Shumaker; Company E (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain S C Bowers; Company F (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain A Hupp; Company G (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain W F Deadrick; Company H (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain H J Rosenberger; Company I (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain A G Cave; Company K (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain J H Jordan

Note: The 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County), Company A, was discharged on 15 March, 1862; Company B on 23 March, 1862; company G on 18 April, 1862, dated 23 March, 1862; Companies E and F on 31 March, 1862; Companies C and D on 1 may, 1862; and Company K on 15 April, 1862.

One hundred And Sixteenth Virginia Militia

Col. J E Dovel

The 116th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher on 13 July, 1861.

One hundred And forty-fifth Virginia Militia

Col. R M Sherfy

The 145th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher on 13 July, 1861.

Orgainsation of 145th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County): Colonel J E Dovel, Lieutenant Colonel IA J Van Pelt; Company (?), Captain J B Hamener or Hammer; Company (?), Captain A Huff

Warren County

One hundred And forty-ninth Virginia Militia

Col. M T Wheatly

The 149th Virginia Militia (Warren County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher on 13 July, 1861.

Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia

Brigadier General J H Carson

Jefferson County

Fifty-fifth Virginia Militia

Col. J T Gibson/J J Grantham

The 55th Virginia Militia (Jefferson County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861.

Abstract from return of the Sixteenth Brigade, Virginia Militia, Army of the Valley, commanded by Brigadier General J H Carson, for October, 1861: 55th Virginia Militia (Jefferson County), Colonel J J Grantham, 171/285 Present/Absent for duty

Note: Colonel J T Gibson, 55th Virginia Militia (Jefferson County), was appointed private, Rockbridge Artillery, at Camp Harman, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 14 August, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel J J Grantham, 55th Virginia Militia (Jefferson County), was appointed colonel, 55th Virginia Militia (Jefferson County), on (?) August, 1861.

Berkeley County

Sixty-seventh Virginia Militia

Col. J Sencindiver

The 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 1 July, 1861, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 28 August, 1861. The 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County) was statoned at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on (?) September, 1861, and was disbanded on 10 August, 1862.

Note: The 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, to Ca(ca)pon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, 27-31 October, 1861: The 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County) was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Ca(ca)pon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 27 October, 1861, and arrived at Camp Carson, Ca(ca)pon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 28 October, 1861. The 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County) was ordered to Lockhart's Gap, Frederick County, Virginia, at 10 PM the same day and arrived at Camp Evans, Lockhart's Gap, Frederick County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 29 October, 1861. The 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County) arrived at Camp Carson, Ca(ca)pon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 6.30 PM on 31 October, 1861.

Note: Second Lieutenant J W Griffith, 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County), Company A, was appointed captain, 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County), Company C, on 14 September, 1861, and First Lieutenant J W Keel, 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County), Company C, was appointed captain, 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County), Company E, on 1 October, 1861.

Orgainsation of 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County): Colonel J Sencindiver, Lieutenant Colonel I Robinson, Major J F Cunningham; Company A, Captain J M Sencindiver; Company B, Captain J Robinson; Company C, Captain J W Griffith; and Company D, Captain D Stuckey; Company E, Captain J W Keel

Note: Major J F Cunningham, 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County), was ordered in Confederate service on 10 August, 1861, and resigned at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 1 October, 1861.

Frederick County

Thirty-first Virginia Militia

Col. R F Baldwin

The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate states Army, on 3 July, 1861, and was stationed at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 October, 1861. The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27 October, 1861, and was discharged on 25 March, 1862.

Note: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861, and Colonel L T Moore, 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861. He was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th Virginia Infantry, on (?) June, 1861, and Captain T E McCooke, 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company H, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), on 17 November, 1861 (See the 4th Virginia Infantry). Colonel R F Baldwin, 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), was captured on 14 February, 1862, and Lieutenant Colonel T E McCooke, 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), was assigned to command the 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) between 14 February and 24 March, 1862.

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company I, 13-14 & 18-20 June, 1861: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company I, was ordered in Confederate service by Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 13 June, 1861, and was discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 14 June, 1861. The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company I, was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 18 June, 1861, and discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Note: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company H, was ordered in Confederate service at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by General J E Johnston, Confederate states Army, on 3 July, 1861, and Company G on 4 July, 1861.

Active service, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, & Dam No.4, on the Potomac River, five miles north of Sherphedstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies A & D, 3-4 October, 1861: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Companies A and D, were ordered to Dam No.4, on the Potomac River, five miles north of Sherphedstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 3 October, 1861, and to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 4 October, 1861.

Note: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Companies A, D, and I, were ordered one mile north on the Martinsburg & Williamsport Turnpike on 25 October, 1861, and Companies B and C three quarters of a mile north on the Martinsburg & Williamsport Turnpike on 26 October, 1861.

Abstract from return of the Sixteenth Brigade, Virginia Militia, Army of the Valley, commanded by Brigadier General J H Carson, for October, 1861: 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Colonel R F Baldwin, 126/664 Present/Absent for duty

Bath or Berkeley Springs, Morgan County, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 4-8 December, 1861: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) (194) was stationed at Bath or Berkeley Springs, Morgan County, Virginia, on 4 December, 1861, and was ordered to Ungers Store, Morgan County, Virginia, on 5 December, 1861. The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was accompanied by the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), the 55th Virginia Militia (Jefferson County), and the 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County), and was ordered to Shanghai, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 6 December, 1861. The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to Hedgeville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 2 PM the same day and arrived at 7 PM on 6 December, 1861. The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) arrived at A C Hammond's Farm, seven miles east of Hedgeville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 11 AM on 7 December, 1861, and was ordered to Little Georgetown, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day. The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to support Lieutenant Colonel T Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry, at Dam No.5, Honeywood Mills, on the Potomac River, two and a half miles north of Little Georgetown, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 8 PM on 7 December, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry). The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General J H Carson, Third Division, Sixteen Brigade, Virginia Militia, at 3 PM on 8 December, 1861, and arrived at 9 PM the same day.

Martinsburg & Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, 17-21 December, 1861: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg & Williamsport Turnpike to Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, under the command of Major General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, on 17 December, 1861, and was accompanied by the 55th Virginia Militia (Jefferson County), the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), and the 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County). The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) arrived at Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg & Williamsport Turnpike to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 21 December, 1861. The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day.

Note: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was stationed in the vicinity of Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, between 17 and 21 December, 1861, and a detachment of the 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), under the command of Captain T M Eddy, 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) (30), Company I, was ordered to Dam No.5, Honeywood Mills, on the Potomac River, two and a half miles north of Little Georgetown, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 17 December, 1861.

Orgainsation of 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County): Colonel R F Baldwin, Lieutenant Colonel W R Denny, Major B B Washington; Company A, Captain J E Bair; Company B, Captain C W Reed; Company C, Captain C F Eichelberger; Company D, Captain J P Crim; Company E, Captain W Lodge; Company F, Captain N B Lovett; Company G, Captain R B Smith; Company H, Captain T E McCooke; Company I, Captain T M Eddy

Fifty-first Virginia Militia

Col. C E Shryock

The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered in Confederate service by Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 13 June, 1861, and was discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 14 June, 1861. The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate states Army, on 18 June, 1861, and discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861. The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate states Army, on 3 July, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 September, 1861.

Note: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861, and the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company F, was assigned to detached duty at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, by Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, between 23 August and 27 October, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, & Vancle(a)vesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 5-27 September, 1861: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Duffields Station, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 5 September, 1861, and arrived via Halltown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 10 PM the same day. The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to Vancle(a)vesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 19 September, 1861, and to Dam No.5, Honeywood Mills, on the Potomac River, two and a half miles north of Little Georgetown, Berkeley County, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry, in the evening on 26 September, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry). The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) arrived at Dam No.5, Honeywood Mills, on the Potomac River, two and a half miles north of Little Georgetown, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 27 September, 1861, and was ordered to Vancle(a)vesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) (85), Company A, was assigned to detached duty at a hospital at Front Royal, Warren County, Virginia, on 1 September, 1861, and the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 10 and 13 September, 1861. Two companies of the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) were ordered to Harpers Ferry and two companies to Kearneysville, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 16 September, 1861, and arrived at Duffields Station, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 September, 1861.

Winchester & Lockhart's Gap, Frederick County, Virginia, 4-31 October, 1861: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to Bath or Berkeley Springs, Morgan County, Virginia, on 4 October, 1861, dated 3 October, 1861, and arrived at Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 10 PM the same day. The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to Flowing Springs Mills, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, two east of Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 7 October, 1861, and to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 October, 1861. The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg Turnpike to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening on 25 October, 1861, and arrived at 3 PM on 26 October, 1861. The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 27 October, 1861, and arrived at 9 PM the same day. The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to Lockhart's Gap, Frederick County, Virginia, at 11 AM on 31 October, 1861, and arrived at 7 PM the same day.

Note: The 97th Virginia Militia (Page County), under the command of Colonel M Spitler, and the 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), under the command of Colonel H St G Albert, were stationed at Flowing Springs Mills, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, two east of Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry, on 7 October, 1861.

Abstract from return of the Sixteenth Brigade, Virginia Militia, Army of the Valley, commanded by Brigadier General J H Carson, for October, 1861: 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Colonel C E Shryock, 154/284 Present/Absent for duty

Winchester to Bath or Berkeley Springs, Morgan County, Virginia, 20-25 November, 1861: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to North River Mills, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 20 November, 1861, and arrived at 2 PM on 21 November, 1861. The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to Lockhart's Gap, Frederick County, Virginia, on 22 November, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Frederick Turnpike to Bath, Morgan County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 23 November, 1861. The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) arrived one mile north of Bath or Berkeley Springs and two miles east of St John's (Run) Station, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Morgan County, Virginia, on 25 November, 1861.

Note: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company G, was discharged on 8 March, 1862; Company A on 13 March 1862; and Company E on 25 March, 1862.

Orgainsation of 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County): Colonel C E Shryock, Lieutenant Colonel S S Pritchard, Major D E Wotring; Company A, Captain B Brinker; Company B (Newtown), Captain S M Marks; Company C, Captain J H Willis; Company D, Captain P Prefid; Company E (Winchester), Captain J W Larrick; Company F, Captain A M Pierce; Company G, Captain R Pifer

Note: A detachment of the Newtown Artillery (12) was assigned to the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company C, on 29 November, 1861, and (21) to Company B on 30 November, 1861 (See the Newtown Artillery).

Morgan County

Eighty-ninth Virginia Militia

Col. S Johnston

The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 5 July, 1861, and was discharged on 30 November, 1861.

Note: The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between (?) July and (?) October, 1861. The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County) Companies A, B, C, D, and H, were stationed at Bath or Berkeley Springs, Morgan County, Virginia, and Companies E, F, G, I, and K at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on (?) November, 1861.

Detached duty, Company A, 26 September-31 October, 1861: The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company A, was ordered arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Cameron's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, five miles north of Charlestown, Jefferson county, Virginia, at 6 PM on 25 September, 1861, and at Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 11 AM on 26 September, 1861. Company A was ordered to Scrabble, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and arrived at Cameron's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, five miles north of Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 27 September, 1861. The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company A, was stationed at Vancle(a)vesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 4 October, 1861, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 5 October, 1861. Company A was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Flowing Springs Mills, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, two east of Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning of 17 October, 1861, and to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 21 October, 1861. The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company A, was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 25 October, 1861, and to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27 October, 1861. Company A was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Ca(ca)pon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 31 October, 1861.

Note: Captain E D Alderton, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company A, abandoned his company on (?) July, 1861, and First Lieutenant W Baird, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company A, was appointed captain, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company A, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 21 September, 1861.

Abstract from return of the Sixteenth Brigade, Virginia Militia, Army of the Valley, commanded by Brigadier General J H Carson, for October, 1861: 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Colonel S Johnston, 70/354 Present/Absent for duty

Winchester, Frederick County, & Ca(ca)pon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, Company H, 1-14 November, 1861: The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company H, was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Ca(ca)pon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 1 November, 1861, and to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 14 November, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Bath or Berkeley Springs, Morgan County, Virginia, Companies B, C, & H, 17-23 November, 1861: The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company B, was ordered to Bath or Berkeley Springs, Morgan County, Virginia, on 17 November, 1861, and arrived on 20 November, 1861. Companies C and H were ordered to Bath or Berkeley Springs, Morgan County, Virginia, on 21 November, 1861, and arrived on 23 November, 1861.

Orgainsation of 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County): Colonel S Johnston, Lieutenant Colonel J S Flagg, Major E C Rider; Company A, Captain E D Alderton; Company B, Captain S Johnston, Jr; Company C, Captain J H Hovermale; Company D, Captain J Henry Company E, Captain J W Yost; Company F, Captain T Lutman; Company G, Captain C Courtenay; Company H, Captain J Stewart; Company I, Captain J Harlan; Company K, Captain C Dawson

Note: Captain J H Hovermale, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company C, resigned on 1 August, 1861, and J W Unger was appointed captain, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company C, but refused his commission on 20 August, 1861. Captain C Courtenay, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company G, resigned on 21 June, 1861; Captain J W Yost, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company E, on 21 July, 1861; and Captain J Henry, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company D, resigned on 20 August, 1861. The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Companies F, G, and K, refused or failed to report for duty at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company I, under the command of Captain J Harlan, was assigned to the 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company A, on (?) August, 1861.

Clarke County

One Hundred And Twenty-second Virginia Militia

Col. W Dearmont

The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 3 July, 1861, and was stationed at Smithfield, one mile northeast of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on (?) August, 1861. The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County) was stationed at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 26 October, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg Turnpike Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 27 October, 1861. The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County) arrived at Smithfield, one mile northeast of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day.

Note: The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861.

Winchester & Brucetown, Frederick County, & Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, Company G/F, 4 September-27 October, 1861: The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County), Company G/F, was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg Turnpike to Brucetown, Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 September, 1861, and to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 12 September, 1861. Company G/F was stationed at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, between 12 September and 27 October, 1861, and (68) was ordered to ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27 October, 1861.

Note: The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County) (10), Company G/F, acting as cavalry, was ordered in Confederate service on 3 July, 1861, and was assigned to picket duty in Clarke and Frederick Counties, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861, and Captain J H Bitzer, 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County), Company G/F, was on sick laeve on 6 August, 1861.

Active service, Berryville, Clarke County, Virginia, Company A, 18-20 June, 1861: The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County), Company A, was in active service between 18 and 20 June, 1861, and was discharged on 6 March, 1862. Captain J A Nunn, 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County), Company A, was appointed private, 2nd Virginia Infantry, Company I, on 10 March, 1862 (See the 2nd Virginia Infantry).

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company D (1st), 18-21 June, 1861: The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County), Company D (1st), was in active service at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 18 and 21 June, 1861.

Abstract from return of the Sixteenth Brigade, Virginia Militia, Army of the Valley, commanded by Brigadier General J H Carson, for October, 1861: 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County), Colonel W Dearmont, 159/337 Present/Absent for duty

Note: The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County), Company F/E, was in Confederate service on 1 September, 1861, and was discharged on 10 March, 1862.

Orgainsation of 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County): Colonel W Dearmont; Company A, Captain J A Nunn; Company B, Captain A N Pierce; Company C, Captain B F Littleton; Company D (1st), Captain M B Anderson; Company E/D (2nd), Captain J R Grigsby; Company F/E, Captain S Lee; Company G/F, Captain J H Bitzer

Eighteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia

Brigadier General J Boggs

Hampshire County

Seventy-seventh Virginia Militia

Col. E H McDonald

The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) was ordered in Confederate service at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 14 July, 1861, and Companies A, B (27), and C, were engaged in a skirmish at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 24 September, 1861. The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) was ordered to Ca(ca)pon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 26 October, 1861, and was stationed at Ca(ca)pon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 31 December, 1861. The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) was discharged on 1 January, 1862.

Note: The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861, and Company C was assigned as artillery, under the command of Colonel A W McDonald, 7th Virginia Cavalry, on 24 September, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

Active service, North River Mills, Hampshire County, Virginia, Company C, 1 May-1 July, 1861: The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company C, was assigned to guard duty, under the command of Major A Smith, 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), between 1 May and 1 July, 1861, and was ordered in Confederate service at North River Mills, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 7 September, 1861. Company C was mustered in Confederate service on 10 September, 1861, and was ordered to Ca(ca)pon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 26 October, 1861.

Note: First Lieutenant J Blue, 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company C, was appointed acting captain, Blue's Mounted Scouts, on 30 September, 1861, and was ordered into Confederate service at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 1 October, 1861.

Orgainsation of 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County): Colonel E H McDonald, Lieutenant Colonel G F Simms, First Major A Smith, Second Major J L Vandevier; Company A, Captain P Hartman; Company B, Captain A Roberson; Company C, Captain I V Inskeep; Blue's Mounted Scouts, Acting Captain & First Lieutenant J Blue

One Hundred and Fourteenth Virginia Militia

Col. A Monroe

The 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) was ordered in Confederate service by Colonel A Monroe, 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), on 14 July, 1861, and was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, on 20 July, 1861. The 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Companies D and F, were discharged on 7 April, 1862; Companies A and B on 8 April, 1862; Company K on 9 April, 1862; and Companies C, E, and G on 10 April, 1862.

Note: The 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861, and Colonel A Monroe, 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), was appointed captain, 18th Virginia Cavalry, Company K, on 3 December, 1862.

Orgainsation of 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County): Colonel A Monroe, Lieutenant Colonel I Lupton, Major G Deaver; Company A, Captain J W Hardy; Company B, Captain J H Piles; Company D, Captain A A Brill; Company E, Captain D K Higby; Company F, Captain W Wolford; Company G, Captain S W Swisher; Company K, Captain T H McMakin

Note: The 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company E, was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 31 July, 1861, and Private T H McMakin, 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company K, was appointed captain, 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company K on 3 August, 1861.

Hardy County

Fourteenth Virginia Militia

Col. W H Harness

The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County) was ordered in Confederate service by Colonel W H Harness, 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), on 14 July, 1861, and the 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), Companies A and E, were ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861; Company B on 20 July, 1861; and Company D on 26 July, 1861. The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County) was stationed at Moorefield, Hardy County, Virginia, on 6 January, 1862.

Note: The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861, and Colonel W H Harness, 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), was appointed captain, 11th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 10 March, 1862 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company A, 18 July, 1861-10 March, 1862: The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), Company A, was ordered in Confederate service on 14 July, 1861, and was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861. Company A was discharged 10 March, 1862.

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company B, 20 July, 1861-10 March, 1862: The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), Company B, was ordered in Confederate service on 14 July, 1861, and was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861. Company B was discharged on 10 March, 1862.

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company D, 26 July & 17 September, 1861, & 10 March, 1862: The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), Company D, was ordered in Confederate service on 14 July, 1861, and was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861. Company D was ordered in Confederate service on 10 September, 1861, and was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 September, 1861. The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), Company D, was discharged on 10 March, 1862.

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company E, 18 July-7 September, 1861; 10 September, 1861-10 March, 1862; & 10 March-7 April, 1862: The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), Company E, was ordered in Confederate service on 14 July, 1861, and was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861. Company E was discharged on 7 September, 1861, and was ordered in Confederate service on 10 September, 1861. The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), Company E, was ordered in Confedertae service on 10 March, 1862, and was discharged on 7 April, 1862.

Mustered six months, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 12 December, 1861, dated 10 September, 1861: The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County) was ordered in Confederate service by Brigadier General J Boggs, Eighteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 10 September, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for six months at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Inspector General & Lieutenant Colonel W S H Baylor, Confederate States Army, on 12 December, 1861, dated 10 September, 1861 (See the 5th Virginia Infantry).

Ordered in Confederate service, 14 & 17 September, 1861: The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), Company C, was ordered in Confederate service on 14 September, 1861, dated 10 September, 1861; Company A at Wardensville, Hardy County, Virginia, on 17 September, 1861, dated 10 September, 1861; Company F on 17 September, 1861, dated 10 September, 1861; and Company G on 19 November, 1861, dated 10 September, 1861.

Orgainsation of 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County): Colonel W H Harness; Company A (Wardensville, Hardy County), Captain D H Dinges; Company B (Old Fields, Hardy County), Captain I Stickley; Company C (Davidson's, on the North River, Hardy County), Captain G W Hawse; Company D (Harpers, Hardy County), Captain A Miller; Company E (Crack Whip Furnace, Hardy County), Captain L Crawford; Company F (Mathias, Hardy County), Captain J M May; Company G, Captain J Taylor

Pendelton County

Forty-sixth Virginia Militia

Col. J H Johnson

The 46th Virginia Militia (Pendleton County) was mustered in Confederate service for six months at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Inspector General & Lieutenant Colonel W S H Baylor, Confederate States Army, on 14 November, 1861, and was disbanded on 5 April, 1862 (See the 5th Virginia Infantry).

Note: The 46th Virginia Militia (Pendleton County) was ordered in Confederate service by Major General T J Jackson, on 14 November, 1861, and Colonel J H Johnson, 46th Virginia Militia (Pendleton County), was appointed second lieutenant, 25th Virginia Infantry, Company E (2nd), on 5 April, 1862, dated 1 May, 1862.

Captured at the junction of Seneca Creek & North Fork South Branch Potomac River, east of Seneca Rocks, Pendleton County, Virginia, Lantz's Company, 4 March, 1862: A detachment of Lantz's Company, was captured at the junction of Seneca Creek and North Fork South Branch Potomac River, east of Seneca Rocks, Pendleton County, Virginia, on 4 March, 1862.

Note: The 46th Virginia Militia (Pendleton County), Company A, was discharged on 9 April, 1862, dated 5 April, 1862.

Orgainsation of 46th Virginia Militia (Pendleton County): Colonel J H Johnston; Major M Dahmer; Company A (Franklin), Captain E H Mitchell; Company B (Franklin), Captain J Hiser; Company C (Franklin), Captain W S Arbogast; Company D, Captain P McDonald; Lantz's Company (Harpers Mills), Captain J H Lantz

Highland County

One Hundred and Sixty-second Virginia Militia

Col. G W Hull

The 162nd Virginia Militia (Highland County) was mustered in Confederate service for six months at Monterey, Highland County, Virginia, by Captain G Jackson, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 1 August, 1861.

Note: The 162nd Virginia Militia (Highland County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel H Fleisher, 162nd Virginia Militia (Highland County), was mustered in Confederate service and assigned to command the 162nd Virginia Militia Battalion Infantry (Highland County), at Monterey, Highland County, Virginia, by Captain G Jackson, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 5 August, 1861.

Orgainsation of 162nd Virginia Militia (Highland County): Colonel G W Hull, Lieutenant Colonel H Fleisher; Company A, Captain J D Ervin; Company B, Captain J S Newman; Company C, Captain J M Terry

Note: Colonel G W Hull, 162nd Virginia Militia (Highland County), was stationed at Monterey, Highland County, Virginia, on 16 January, 1862.

Sources

Beleaguered Winchester: A Virginia community at war, 1861-1865, by Richard R Duncan

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events: Record of events for Fifty-first Regiment, Virginia Militia, June 1861-March 1862, edited by James B Hewett

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events: Record of events for One Hundred and Fourteenth Regiment, Virginia Militia, October 1861-1862, edited by James B Hewett

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events: Record of events for Ninty-seventh Virginia Militia (also called Second Virginia Militia Regiment), July 1861-March 1862, edited by James B Hewett

Richmond Daily Dispatch, 12 July, 1861 - Affairs about Winchester

A narrative of the campaign in the Valley of the Shenandoah in 1861, by Robert Patterson

Notes

Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, was relieved from duty and Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to command at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by General Orders No.23, Division Headquarters, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 30 April, 1861, and Executive Department, Richmond, Virginia, dated 27 April, 1861 (See the 5th Virginia Infantry).

Distibution of Militia in the field, 7 November, 1861: (442) Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia; (155) Lockhart's Gap, Frederick County, Virginia; (304) Ca(ca)pon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia; Hammock's Gap, twelve miles east of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia; (200) Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia; (100) Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia; (50) Front Royal, Warren County, Virginia; (25) Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia; (25) Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia

Distibution of Mounted Militia in the field, 7 November, 1861: (25) Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia; (75) Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia; (130) Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia

Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia

The militia of Shenandoah, Rockingham, and Page Counties was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861.

Brigadier General G S Meem, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, 1 & 19 July, 1861: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) and 97th Virginia Militia (Page County) were ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 21 June, 1861, and were ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861. The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) and the 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) were ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 19 July, 1861.

Troops stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), the 97th Virginia Militia (Page County), the 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), and the 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County), were stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General G S Meem, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) and the 97th Virginia Militia (Page County) were in the field known as the 1st and 2nd Regiments, Seventh Brigade, Virginia Militia, on 1 July, 1861, and the 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) and the 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) as the 3rd and 4th Regiments, Seventh Brigade, Virginia Militia, on 19 July, 1861.

Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia

The militia of Beverley, Clarke, Frederick, Jefferson, and Morgan Counties was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861.

Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, 13-14 & 18-20 June, 1861: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company I, and the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) were ordered in Confederate service by Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 13 June, 1861, and were discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 14 June, 1861. The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company I, and the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) were ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 18 June, 1861, and discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Note: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) and the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate states Army, on 3 July, 1861, and the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 September, 1861, and the 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, on 2 October, 1861.

Troops stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 5 July, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on (?) July, 1861.

Note: The 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County), was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 1 July, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 28 August, 1861. The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 3 July, 1861, and was stationed at Smithfield, one mile northeast of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on (?) August, 1861.

Eighteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia

The militia of Hampshire County was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, and Hardy and Highland Counties at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor of Virginia J Letcher, on 13 July, 1861.

Brigadier General J Boggs, Eighteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, 14 July, 1861: The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), the 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), and the 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) were ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 14 July, 1861, and the 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861.

Note: The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company C, was ordered in Confederate service between 1 May and 1 July, 1861.

Troops stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) and detachments of the 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County) were stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861.

Troops stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 21 April, 1861: Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia; Sixteenth Brigade (655), Third Division, Virginia Militia, Brigadier General J H Carson; Seventh Brigade (406), Third Division, Virginia Militia, Brigadier General G S Meem; Thirteenth Brigade (955), Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, Brigadier General W H Harman

Orders of Battle

The above painting, 'The Fourth Alabama', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historical artist.