The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia

Governor J Letcher called out the militia from the counties adjacent to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia

Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, called out the militia from the counties adjacent to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861

Virginia Militia

2,500 Virginia Militia were stationed within the entrenchments at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861

Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia

Brigadier General G S Meem

Shenandoah County

Thirteenth Virginia Militia

Col. G W Murphy

The 13th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Note: The 13th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), the 116th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), the 146th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County), and the 149th Virginia Militia (Warren County) were ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and assigned the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Regiments, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 21 June and 19 July, 1861.

Organisation of 13th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County): Colonel G W Murphy, Lieutenant Colonel Unkown, MajorB F Graves

Note: Major G W Murphy, 13th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), was appointed colonel, 13th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), and B F Graves, major, 13th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), on 8 May, 1860.

One Hundred and Thirty-sixth Virginia Militia

Col. J H Sibert

The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 19 July, 1861.

Accepted in Confederate service, Mount Jackson, Strasburg, & Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, 19-20 July, 1861: The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company A, was accepted in Confederate service at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861; Companies B, D, F, and G, at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah Count, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861; Companies C and E at Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861; and Company H at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861.

Note: The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was known as the 3rd Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, in the field between 19 July and 9 September, 1861, and was stationed at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, a quarter of a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 23 August, 1861.

Abstract of return of Third Division, Virginia Militia, commanded by Brigadier J H Carson, August, 1861: 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County)/ 3rd Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, 291/644 Present/ Total

Discharged at Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, a quarter of a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 9 September, 1861: The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was discharged at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, a quarter of a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 9 September, 1861.

Organisation of 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County)/ Third Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Third Brigade, Virginia Militia: Colonel J H Sibert, Lieutenant Colonel J A Hottel, Majors J W Sibert & J H Newell; Company A (Strasburg, Shenandoah County), Captain J J Conner; Company B (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain C B Bell; Company C (Woodstock, Shenandoah County), Captain J A Richards; Company D (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain J Miller; Company E (Woodstock, Shenandoah County), Captain N Swartz; Company F (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain L Dodson; Company G (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain E F Rinker; Company H (Strasburg, Shenandoah County), Captain D Shull

One Hundred And Forty-sixth Virginia Militia

Col. H St G Albert

The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was ordered into service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 21 June, 1861, and was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, Company B, was accepted in Confederate service at Melrose, Rockingham County, Virginia, by Colonel J E Dovel, 116th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) on 6 July, 1861.

Accepted in Confederate service, Strasburg & Woodstock, Shenandoah County; Harrisonburg, Rockingham County; & Front Royal, Warren County, Virginia, 1-19 July, 1861: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company A, was accepted in Confederate service at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861; Company F at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861; Company E at Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861; Company B at Melrose, Rockingham County, Virginia, 6 July, 1861; Company G at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 6/11 July, 1861; Company H at Front Royal, Warren County, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861; and Company K at Front Royal, Warren County, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861.

Note: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was known as the 1st Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Third Brigade, Virginia Militia, in the field between 1 July and 9 September, 1861, and was stationed at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, a quarter of a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 23 August, 1861.

Abstract of return of Third Division, Virginia Militia, commanded by Brigadier J H Carson, August, 1861: 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County)/ 1st Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, 461/798 Present/ Total

Note: Captain A Taylor, 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company A, was stationed at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 12 August, 1861, and Captain R W Harrison, 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company B, was discharged on 24 August, 1861.

Discharged at Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, a quarter of a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 9 September, 1861: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) was discharged at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, a quarter of a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 9 September, 1861.

Note: Major L Lutz, 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), was appointed first lieutenant, Shenandoah Sharpshooters, on 15 July, 1861, but failed to report for duty between 15 and 18 July, 1861 (See the 33rd Virginia Infantry).

Organisation of 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County)/ First Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Third Brigade, Virginia Militia: Colonel H St. G Albert, Lieutenant Colonel E Sipe, Major L Lutz; Company A (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain A Taylor; Company B (Melrose, Rockingham County), Captain R W Harrison; Company C, Captain G Arehart; Company D, Captain L H Cullers; Company E (Woodstock, Shenandoah County), Captain W J Dinges; Company F (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain R C Mauck; Company G (Strasburg, Shenandoah County), Captain C Hockman; Company H (Front Royal, Warren County), Captain H T B Massie; Company K (Front Royal, Warren County), Captain A Updike

Note: Captain R C Mauck, 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), Company F, was appointed captain, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company C (2nd), on 10 April, 1862 (See the 10th Virginia Infantry).

Page County

Ninety-seventh Virginia Militia

Col. M Spitler

The 97th Virginia Militia (Page County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 21 June, 1861, and was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Accepted in Confederate service, Port Republic, Rockingham County; Luray, Page County; & Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, 4-22 July, 1861: The 97th Virginia Militia (Page County), Company D, was accepted in Confederate service at Port Republic, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861; Company H on 4 July, 1861; Companies E and F at Luray, Page County, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861; Companies B, C, and G, at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 7 July 1861; and Companies I, K, L, and M at Luray, Page County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 97th Virginia Militia (Page County) was known as the 2nd Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Third Brigade, Virginia Militia, in the field between 1 July and 9 September, 1861, and was stationed at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, a quarter of a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 23 August, 1861.

Abstract of return of Third Division, Virginia Militia, commanded by Brigadier J H Carson, August, 1861: 97th Virginia Militia (Page County)/ 2nd Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, 423/985 Present/ Total

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Companies I, K, L, & M, 22 July-9 September & 4 November, 1861: The 97th Virginia Militia (Page County), Companies I, K, L, and M, were ordered in Confederate service at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 22 July, 1861, and were discharged on 9 September, 1861. Companies I, K, L, and M were ordered in Confederate service on 21 October, 1861, by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and arrived at at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 November, 1861.

Organisation of 97th Virginia Militia (Page County)/ Second Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Third Brigade, Virginia Militia: Colonel M Spitler, Lieutenant Colonel T Buswell, Major C W Finter; Company A (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain J E N Harris; Company B (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain G J Grandstaff; Company C (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain A Peters; Company D (Port Republic, Rockingham County), Captain P R Bright/S H Wise; Company E (Luray, Page County), Captain D M Dovel; Company F (Luray, Page County), Captain H F Bradley; Company G (Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County), Captain J H Huffman; Company H, Captain H A Kite; Company I (Luray, Page County), Captain J D Aleshire; Company K (Luray, Page County), Captain B F Shenk; Company L (Luray, Page County), Captain W W Rogers; Company M (Luray, Page County), Captain T J Graves

Note: S H Wise was appointed captain, 97th Virginia Militia (Page County), Company D, on 22 August, 1861, and First Sergeant A Peters, 10th Virginia Infantry, Company C, was appointed captain, 97th Virginia Militia (Page County), Company C, on 1 July, 1861 (see the 10th Virginia Infantry).

Rockingham County

Fifty-eighth Virginia Militia

Col. W A Maupin

The 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 19 July, 1861.

Accepted in Confederate service, Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, 22-27 July, 1861: The 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County), Companies E and F, were accepted in Confederate service at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861; Companies A, B, C, D, G, H, and K on 25 July, 1861; and Company I on 27 July, 1861, dated 25 July, 1861.

Note: The 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) was known as the 4th Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Third Brigade, Virginia Militia, in the field between 19 July and 9 September, 1861, and was stationed at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, a quarter of a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 23 August, 1861.

Abstract of return of Third Division, Virginia Militia, commanded by Brigadier J H Carson, August, 1861: 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County)/ 4th Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, 331/770 Present/ Total

Discharged at Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, a quarter of a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 9 September, 1861: The 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) was discharged at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, a quarter of a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 9 September, 1861.

Organisation of 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County): Colonel W A Maupin, Major O P Horn; Company A (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain C W Harnsberger; Company B (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain N W Bowman; Company C (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain H Wise; Company D (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain A Shumaker; Company E (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain S C Bowers; Company F (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain A Hupp; Company G (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain W F Deadrick; Company H (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain H J Rosenberger; Company I (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain A G Cave; Company K (Harrisonburg, Rockingham County), Captain J H Jordan

Note: The 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County), Company A, was discharged on 15 March, 1862; Company B on 23 March, 1862; company G on 18 April, 1862, dated 23 March, 1862; Companies E and F on 31 March, 1862; Companies C and D on 1 may, 1862; and Company K on 15 April, 1862.

One hundred And Sixteenth Virginia Militia

Col. J E Dovel

The 116th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st Regiment, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, Company B, was accepted in Confederate service at Melrose, Rockingham County, Virginia, by Colonel J E Dovel, 116th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) on 6 July, 1861.

Organisation of 116th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County): Colonel J E Dovel, Lieutenant Colonel Unknown, Major Unknown

Note: The 13th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), the 116th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), the 146th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County), and the 149th Virginia Militia (Warren County) were ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and assigned the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Regiments, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 21 June and 19 July, 1861.

One hundred And forty-fifth Virginia Militia

Col. R M Sherfy

The 145th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Orgainsation of 145th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County): Colonel R M Sherfy, Lieutenant Colonel A J Van Pelt; Unlettered Company, Captain J B Hamener/ Hammer; Unlettered Company, Captain A Huff

Note: The 13th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), the 116th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), the 146th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County), and the 149th Virginia Militia (Warren County) were ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and assigned the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Regiments, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 21 June and 19 July, 1861.

Warren County

One hundred And forty-ninth Virginia Militia

Col. M T Wheatly

The 149th Virginia Militia (Warren County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Note: A detachment of the 149th Virginia Militia (Warren County) (165) arrived at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, a quarter of a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 19 July, 1861.

Organisation of 116th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County): Colonel J E Dovel, Lieutenant Colonel Unknown, Major Unknown

Note: The 13th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), the 116th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), the 146th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County), and the 149th Virginia Militia (Warren County) were ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and assigned the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Regiments, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 21 June and 19 July, 1861.

Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia

Brigadier General J H Carson

Jefferson County

Fifty-fifth Virginia Militia

Col. J T Gibson/ J J Grantham

The 55th Virginia Militia (Jefferson County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Organisation of 55th Virginia Militia (Jefferson County): Colonel J T Gibson, Lieutenant Colonel J J Grantham, Major Unknown

Note: Colonel J T Gibson, 55th Virginia Militia (Jefferson County), was appointed private, Rockbridge Artillery, at Camp Harman, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 14 August, 1861.

Berkeley County

Sixty-seventh Virginia Militia

Col. J Sencindiver

The 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and the 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County), Company A, was accepted in Confederate service on 10 August, 1861.

Note: Second Lieutenant J W Griffith, 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County), Company A, was appointed captain, 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County), Company C, on 14 September, 1861.

Orgainsation of 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County): Colonel J Sencindiver, Lieutenant Colonel I Robinson, Major J F Cunningham; Company A, Captain J M Sencindiver; Company B, Captain J Robinson; Company C, Captain J W Griffith; and Company D, Captain D Stuckey; Company E, Captain J W Keel

Note: Major J F Cunningham, 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County), was accepted in Confederate service on 10 August, 1861, and resigned at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 1 October, 1861.

Frederick County

Thirty-first Virginia Militia

Col. R F Baldwin

The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered in Confederate service by Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 13 June, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 13 and 14 June, 1861.

Note: The 10th Virginia Infantry, the 13th Virginia Infantry, and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry arrived at Camp Johnston, Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, a quarter of a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861.

Discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 14 June, 1861: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, at 10 AM on 14 June, 1861.

Note: Colonel L T Moore, 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 17 May, 1861 (See the 4th Virginia Infantry).

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 18-20 June, 1861: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate states Army, on 18 June, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 18 and 20 June, 1861.

Discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 20 June, 1861: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 3 July, 1861:The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate states Army, on 3 July, 1861, and was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Note: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company G, was accepted in Confederate service at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861.

Abstract of return of Third Division, Virginia Militia, commanded by Brigadier J H Carson, August, 1861: 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) 148/732 Present/ Total

Orgainsation of 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County): Colonel R F Baldwin, Lieutenant Colonel W R Denny, Major B B Washington; Company A, Captain J E Bair; Company B, Captain C W Reed; Company C, Captain C F Eichelberger; Company D, Captain J P Crim; Company E, Captain W Lodge; Company F, Captain N B Lovett; Company G, Captain R B Smith; Company H, Captain T E McCooke; Company I, Captain T M Eddy

Fifty-first Virginia Militia

Col. C E Shryock

The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered in Confederate service by Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 13 June, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 13 and 14 June, 1861.

Note: The 10th Virginia Infantry, the 13th Virginia Infantry, and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry arrived at Camp Johnston, Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, a quarter of a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861.

Discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 14 June, 1861: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, at 10 AM on 14 June, 1861.

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 18-20 June, 1861: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate states Army, on 18 June, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 18 and 20 June, 1861.

Discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 20 June, 1861: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 3 July, 1861:The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate states Army, on 3 July, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 5 September, 1861.

Note: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company B, was accepted in Confederate service at Newtown, Frederick County, Virginia, and Company E at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 3 July, 1861.

Abstract of return of Third Division, Virginia Militia, commanded by Brigadier J H Carson, August, 1861: 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) 155/251 Present/ Total

Winchester, Frederick County, to Duffield's Station, Jefferson County, Virginia, 5 September, 1861: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Duffields Station, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 5 September, 1861, and arrived at Halltown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) arrived at Duffields Station, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 5 September, 1861.

Note: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) (85), Company A, was assigned to detached duty at Front Royal, Warren County, Virginia, on 1 September, 1861, and the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 10 and 13 September, 1861.

Detached duty at Harpers Ferry & Kearneysville, Jefferson County, Virginia, 16-17 September, 1861: Two companies of the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) were ordered to Harpers Ferry and two companies to Kearneysville, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 16 September, 1861, and arrived at Duffields Station, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 September, 1861.

Note: Two companies of the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) were assigned to Lieutenant Colonel T Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 16 and 17 September, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

Duffield's Station, Jefferson County, to Van Clevesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 19 September, 1861: The 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered to Van Clevesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 19 September, 1861, and was stationed at Van Clevesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, between 19 and 26 September, 1861.

Orgainsation of 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County): Colonel C E Shryock, Lieutenant Colonel S S Pritchard, Major D E Wotring; Company A, Captain B Brinker; Company B (Newtown, Frederick County), Captain S M Marks; Company C, Captain J H Willis; Company D, Captain P Prefid; Company E (Winchester, Frederick County), Captain J W Larrick; Company F, Captain A M Pierce; Company G, Captain R Pifer

Note: A detachment of the Newtown Artillery (12) was assigned to the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company C, on 29 November, 1861, and (21) to Company B on 30 November, 1861 (See the Newtown Artillery).

Morgan County

Eighty-ninth Virginia Militia

Col. S Johnston

The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 23 August, 1861.

Note: First Lieutenant W Baird, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company A, was appointed captain, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company A, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 21 September, 1861.

Abstract of return of Third Division, Virginia Militia, commanded by Brigadier J H Carson, August, 1861: 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County) 88/230 Present/ Total

Note: The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Companies F, G, and K, refused/ failed to report for duty at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Detached duty, Company A, Cameron's Station, five miles north of Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, 25 September, 1861: The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company A, arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Cameron's Station, five miles north of Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 25 September, 1861.

Orgainsation of 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County): Colonel S Johnston, Lieutenant Colonel J S Flagg, Major E C Rider; Company A, Captain E D Alderton; Company B, Captain S Johnston, Jr; Company C, Captain J H Hovermale; Company D, Captain J Henry Company E, Captain J W Yost; Company F, Captain T Lutman; Company G, Captain C Courtenay; Company H, Captain J Stewart; Company I, Captain J Harlan; Company K, Captain C Dawson

Note: Captain J H Hovermale, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company C, resigned on 1 August, 1861, and J W Unger was appointed captain, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company C, but refused his commission on 20 August, 1861. Captain C Courtenay, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company G, resigned on 21 June, 1861; Captain J W Yost, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company E, resigned on 21 July, 1861; and Captain J Henry, 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), Company D, resigned on 20 August, 1861.

Clarke County

One Hundred And Twenty-second Virginia Militia

Col. W Dearmont

The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate states Army, on 18 June, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 18 and 20 June, 1861.

Discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 20 June, 1861: The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County) was discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Note: The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County), Companies A and D (1st), were stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 18 and 20 June, 1861.

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 3 July, 1861: The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate states Army, on 3 July, 1861, and was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Note: The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County) (10), Company G/F, acting as cavalry, was ordered in Confederate service on 3 July, 1861, and was assigned to picket duty in Clarke and Frederick Counties, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861. Captain J H Bitzer, 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County), Company G/F, was on sick leave on 6 August, 1861, and the 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County) was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 23 August, 1861.

Abstract of return of Third Division, Virginia Militia, commanded by Brigadier J H Carson, August, 1861: 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County) 85/233 Present/ Total

Winchester to Brucetown, Frederick County, & Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, Company G/F, 4 & 12 September, 1861: The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County), Company G/F, was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg Turnpike to Brucetown, Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 September, 1861, and to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 12 September, 1861.

Orgainsation of 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County): Colonel W Dearmont; Company A, Captain J A Nunn; Company B (Berryville, Clarke County), Captain A N Pierce; Company C, Captain B F Littleton; Company D (1st) (Berryville, Clarke County), Captain M B Anderson; Company E/D (2nd), Captain J R Grigsby; Company F/E, Captain S Lee; Company G/F, Captain J H Bitzer

Eighteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia

Brigadier General J Boggs

Hampshire County

Seventy-seventh Virginia Militia

Col. E H McDonald

The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and the 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Companies A and B, were accepted in Confederate service at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, by Colonel E H McDonald, 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), on 14 July, 1861.

Note: Second Major J L Vandever, 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), was captured at Sheetz's Mill (Headsville), Mineral County, Virginia, on 12 June, 1861 (See Unassigned, Army of Pennsylvania).

Active service, Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Company C, 1 May-1 July, 1861: The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company C, was assigned to guard duty, under the command of Major A Smith, 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 1 May and 1 July, 1861.

Note: The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company C, was accepted in Confederate service at North River Mills, Hampshire County, Virginia, by Colonel E H McDonald, 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), on 7 September, 1861.

Skirmish at Hanging Rocks, on the South Branch Potomac River, four miles northeast of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Company B, 24 September, 1861: The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company B (34), under the command of Colonel E H McDonald, was ordered to Hanging Rocks, on the South Branch Potomac River, four miles northeast of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 24 September, 1861, and arrived at 2 AM the same day. The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company B, was engaged in a skirmish at Hanging Rocks, on the South Branch Potomac River, four miles northeast of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 September, 1861, and arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day. The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company B, was stationed at Cemetery Hill, half a mile southwest of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 12 and 6 PM on 24 September, 1861.

Note: The 7th Virginia Cavalry, Companies C and D, were stationed at Hanging Rocks, on the South Branch Potomac River, four miles northeast of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 September, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

Cemetery Hill, half a mile southwest of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Company A, 24 September, 1861: The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company A, acting as artillery, was stationed at Cemetery Hill, half a mile southwest of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, under the command of Acting Captain & First Lieutenant J H Lionberger, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, on 24 September, 1861.

Note: The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Companies A and B, under the command of Colonel E H McDonald, and a detachment of the 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) were stationed at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the evening on 24 September, 1861.

Skirmish at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Companies B & C, 25 September, 1861: The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Companies B and C, was engaged in a skirmish east of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 25 September, 1861, and was ordered to Sheetz's Mill (Headsville), Mineral County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day. The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 26 September, 1861.

Note: The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company C, was stationed at Frankfort, Mineral County, Virginia, on 23 September, 1861, and arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 25 September, 1861.

Orgainsation of 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County): Colonel E H McDonald, Lieutenant Colonel G F Simms, First Major A Smith, Second Major J L Vandevier; Company A, Captain P Hartman; Company B, Captain A Roberson; Company C, Captain I V Inskeep; Blue's Mounted Scouts, Acting Captain & First Lieutenant J Blue

Note: First Lieutenant J Blue, 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company B, was appointed acting captain and first lieutenant, Blue's/ Mounted Scouts, on 30 September, 1861.

One Hundred and Fourteenth Virginia Militia

Col. A Monroe

The 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service by Colonel A Monroe, 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 14 July, 1861.

Romney, Hampshire County, to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 20 July, 1861: The 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, on 20 July, 1861.

Note: The 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company E, was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 31 July, 1861, and Private T H McMakin, 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company K, was appointed captain, 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company K on 3 August, 1861.

Abstract of return of Third Division, Virginia Militia, commanded by Brigadier J H Carson, August, 1861: 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) 462/845 Present/ Total

Skirmish at Hanging Rocks, on the South Branch Potomac River, four miles northeast of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, 24 September, 1861: The 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) (145) was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 24 September, 1861, and to Hanging Rocks, on the South Branch Potomac River, four miles northeast of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 6.30 AM the same day. The 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) was engaged in a skirmish at east of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 September, 1861, and was ordered to Frenchburg, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 4.30 PM the same day. A detachment of the 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) was stationed at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the evening on 24 September, 1861.

Note: The 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) (150), was stationed at Church Hill, on the Northwestern Turnpike, three miles east of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 23 September, 1861, and a detachment of the 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) (50), under the command of Lieutenant Colonel I Lupton, was ordered to Hanging Rocks, on the South Branch Potomac River, four miles northeast of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 24 September, 1861.

Skirmish at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, 25 September, 1861: A detachment of the 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), under the command of Colonel A Monroe, was ordered to Church Hill, on the Northwestern Turnpike, three miles east of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 8.30 AM on 25 September, 1861, and was engaged in a skirmish three quartes of a mile east of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning the same day. The 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) was ordered to Sheetz's Mill (Headsville), Mineral County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 25 September, 1861, and arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 26 September, 1861.

Note: The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company B, under the command of Colonel E H McDonald, and a detachment of the 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) were stationed at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the evening on 24 September, 1861.

Orgainsation of 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County): Colonel A Monroe, Lieutenant Colonel I Lupton, First Major G Deaver/ Diaver, Second Major Ginevan; Company A (Romney, Hampshire County), Captain J W Hardy; Company B (Romney, Hampshire County), Captain J H Piles; Company D (Romney, Hampshire County), Captain A A Brill; Company E (Romney, Hampshire County), Captain D K Higby; Company F (Romney/ Hanging Rock, Hampshire County), Captain W Wolford; Company G (Romney, Hampshire County), Captain S W Swisher; Company K (Romney, Hampshire County), Captain T H McMakin

Hardy County

Fourteenth Virginia Militia

Col. W H Harness

The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service by Colonel W H Harness, 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), on 14 July, 1861.

Hardy County to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 18-26 July, 1861: The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), Companies A and E, were ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861; Company B on 20 July, 1861; and Company D on 26 July, 1861.

Note: The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), Company E, was discharged on 7 September, 1861.

Active service, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 10 September, 1861: The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County) was ordered in Confederate service for six months by Brigadier General J Boggs, Eighteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 10 September, 1861, and was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 September, 1861.

Accepted in Confederate service, Old Fields; Davidson's, on the North River; Harpers; Mathias; & Wardensville, Hardy County, Virginia, 14 & 17 September & 19 November, 1861: The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), Company B was accepted in Confederate service at Old Fields, Hardy County, Virginia, on 14 September, 1861; Company C at Davidson's, on the North River, Hardy County, Virginia, on 14 September, 1861; Company A at Wardensville, Hardy County, Virginia, on 17 September, 1861; Company D at Harpers, Hardy County, Virginia, on 17 September, 1861; Company F at Mathias, Hardy County, Virginia, on 17 September, 1861; and Company G on 19 November, 1861.

Orgainsation of 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County): Colonel W H Harness; Company A (Wardensville, Hardy County), Captain D H Dinges; Company B (Old Fields, Hardy County), Captain I Stickley; Company C (Davidson's, on the North River, Hardy County), Captain G W Hawse; Company D (Harpers, Hardy County), Captain A Miller; Company E (Crack Whip Furnace, Hardy County), Captain L Crawford; Company F (Mathias, Hardy County), Captain J M May; Company G, Captain J Taylor

Pendelton County

Forty-sixth Virginia Militia

Col. J H Johnson

The 46th Virginia Militia (Pendleton County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, was ordered in Confederate service for six months by Major General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, on 14 November, 1861.

Note: The 46th Virginia Militia (Pendleton County) mustered in Confederate service for six months at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Inspector General & Lieutenant Colonel W S H Baylor, Confederate States Army, dated 14 November, 1861 (See the 5th Virginia Infantry).

Orgainsation of 46th Virginia Militia (Pendleton County): Colonel J H Johnston; Major M Dahmer; Company A (Franklin, Pendleton County), Captain E H Mitchell; Company B (Franklin, Pendleton County), Captain J Hiser; Company C (Franklin, Pendleton County), Captain W S Arbogast; Company D, Captain P McDonald; Lantz's Company (Harper's Mills, Pendleton County), Captain J H Lantz

Highland County

One Hundred and Sixty-second Virginia Militia

Col. G W Hull

The 162nd Virginia Militia (Highland County) was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for six months at Monterey, Highland County, Virginia, by Captain & Mustering Officer G Jackson, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 1 August, 1861.

Note: Lieutenant Colonel H Fleisher, 162nd Virginia Militia (Highland County), was mustered in Confederate service and assigned to command the 162nd Virginia Militia (Highland County), at Monterey, Highland County, Virginia, by Captain G Jackson, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 5 August, 1861.

Orgainsation of 162nd Virginia Militia (Highland County): Colonel G W Hull, Lieutenant Colonel H Fleisher; Company A (Monterey, Highland County), Captain J D Ervin; Company B (Monterey, Highland County), Captain J S Newman; Company C (Monterey, Highland County), Captain J M Terry

Sources

"A Winchester correspondent furnishes some interesting information relative to military movements in that quarter, which are not permitted to publish. The follow is an extract from the letter: 'Two companies of cavalry, one from Washington county, and one from Amelia county, passed through here this morning to join Col. Stuart. The Militia of Frederick, Clarke, Shenandoah, Rockingham, Page, Warren, Jefferson and Berkeley counties have been ordered out for six months or the war, and ordered to rendezvous here. Berkeley and Jefferson have not, as yet, responded to the call. A squad of men, however, left here by railroad this morning for Jefferson, to draft them into service."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 12 July, 1861 - Affairs about Winchester

Books/ Manuscripts

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events: Record of events for Fifty-first Regiment, Virginia Militia, June 1861-March 1862, edited by James B Hewett

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events: Record of events for One Hundred and Fourteenth Regiment, Virginia Militia, October 1861-1862, edited by James B Hewett

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events: Record of events for Ninety-seventh Virginia Militia (also called Second Virginia Militia Regiment), July 1861-March 1862, edited by James B Hewett

Beleaguered Winchester: A Virginia community at war, 1861-1865, by Richard R Duncan

A narrative of the campaign in the Valley of the Shenandoah in 1861, by Robert Patterson

Notes

Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, was relieved from duty and Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to command at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by General Orders No.23, Division Headquarters, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 30 April, 1861, and Executive Department, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, dated 27 April, 1861 (See the 5th Virginia Infantry).

Distribution of Virginia Militia in the field, 7 November, 1861: Winchester (442), Frederick County, Virginia; Lockhart's Gap (155), Frederick County, Virginia; Capon Bridge (304), Hampshire County, Virginia; Hammock's Gap, twelve miles east of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia; Martinsburg (200), Berkeley County, Virginia; Charlestown (100), Jefferson County, Virginia; Front Royal (50), Warren County, Virginia; Strasburg (25), Shenandoah County, Virginia; Mount Jackson (25), Shenandoah County, Virginia

Distribution of Mounted Virginia Militia in the field, 7 November, 1861: Winchester (25), Frederick County, Virginia; Martinsburg (75), Berkeley County, Virginia; Charlestown (130), Jefferson County, Virginia

Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia

The militia of Shenandoah, Rockingham, and Page Counties was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Brigadier General G S Meem, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, 1 & 19 July, 1861: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) and 97th Virginia Militia (Page County) were ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 21 June, 1861, and were ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861. The 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) and the 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) were ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 19 July, 1861.

Troops stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), the 97th Virginia Militia (Page County), the 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County), and the 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County), were stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General G S Meem, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 146th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) and the 97th Virginia Militia (Page County) were in the field known as the 1st and 2nd Regiments, Seventh Brigade, Virginia Militia, on 1 July, 1861, and the 136th Virginia Militia (Shenandoah County) and the 58th Virginia Militia (Rockingham County) as the 3rd and 4th Regiments, Seventh Brigade, Virginia Militia, on 19 July, 1861.

Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia

The militia of Beverley, Clarke, Frederick, Jefferson, and Morgan Counties was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, 13-14 & 18-20 June, 1861: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company I, and the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) were ordered in Confederate service by Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, on 13 June, 1861, and were discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 14 June, 1861. The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County), Company I, and the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) were ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 18 June, 1861, and discharged at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Note: The 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) and the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate states Army, on 3 July, 1861, and the 51st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 September, 1861, and the 31st Virginia Militia (Frederick County) at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, on 2 October, 1861.

Troops stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 89th Virginia Militia (Morgan County), was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 5 July, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, dated July, 1861.

Note: The 67th Virginia Militia (Berkeley County), was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 1 July, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 28 August, 1861. The 122nd Virginia Militia (Clarke County) was ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 3 July, 1861, and was stationed at Smithfield, one mile northeast of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, dated August, 1861.

Eighteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia

The militia of Hampshire County was called out and ordered to rendezvous at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, and Hardy and Highland Counties at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, State of Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Brigadier General J Boggs, Eighteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia, 14 July, 1861: The 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), the 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), and the 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) were ordered in Confederate service by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 14 July, 1861, and the 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861.

Note: The 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), Company C, was ordered in Confederate service between 1 May and 1 July, 1861.

Troops stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 114th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County) and detachments of the 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County) were stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861.

Troops stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 21 April, 1861: Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia; Sixteenth Brigade (655), Third Division, Virginia Militia, Brigadier General J H Carson; Seventh Brigade (406), Third Division, Virginia Militia, Brigadier General G S Meem; Thirteenth Brigade (955), Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, Brigadier General W H Harman

Orders of Battle

The above painting, 'The Fourth Alabama', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historical artist.