The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Reserves, Army of the Shenandoah

Lieutenant Colonel T Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry

Lieutenant Colonel T Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry

Seventh Virginia Cavalry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Haymarket, Prince William County, Virginia, 22 July, 1861. Not present at the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL A W MCDONALD, SR.
A W McDonald, Sr., was appointed colonel, cavalry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 5 June, 1861, and colonel, 7th Virginia Cavalry, on 17 June, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL T ASHBY
Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mounted Rangers, was appointed lieutenant colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 16 June, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, 7th Virginia Cavalry, on 17 July, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel T Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry, was appointed brigadier general, Confedereate States Army, on 23 May, 1862.

MAJOR O R FUNSTEN, SR.
O R Funsten was appointed aide de camp at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 24 April and 2 May, 1861, and major, 7th Virginia Cavalry, on 17 June, 1861.

Company A Fauquier Mountain Rangers: CAPT. W F Turner
The company was accepted in state service at Markham, Fauquier County, Virginia, under the command of Captain T Ashby, on 17 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year as the 1st Virginia Cavalry, Company G (1st), by Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 3 May, 1861. Captain T Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 7th Virginia Cavalry, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, dated 17 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant R Ashby, was appointed captain, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, on 17 June, 1861. Captain R Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, was mortally wounded at Kell(e)y's Island, at the junction of Patterson's Creek and the Potomac River, six miles south of Cumberland, Allegany County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and died at Washington Bottom farm/ Ridgedale, on South Branch Potomac River, six miles north of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 7 July, 1861. First Lieutenant W F Turner, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, was appointed captain, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, on (?) June, 1861 (See the 1st Virginia Cavalry).
Company B (1st) Howard Dragoons: CAPT. G R GAITHER, Jr.
The company was accepted in Virginia state service at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company B (1st), at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861. The company was assigned to the 1st Virginia Cavalry, Company M/K (2nd), at Peidmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861, and was mustered in Virginia state/ Confederate service for the war at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 28 July, 1861. The company was assigned to the 1st Maryland Cavalry, Company K, by Special Orders, No.185, Paragraph X, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 6 August, 1864 (See the 1st Virginia Cavalry).
Company B (2nd) Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles: CAPT. J Q Winfield
The company was accepted in state service at Cootes' Store, one mile southeast of Brock's Gap, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for the war, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Maryland, on 5 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861, and to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company B (2nd), at Hanging Rock/ Blue's Gap, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861. Private J C Shoup, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company B (2nd), was appointed captain, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company H (2nd), on 7 May, 1862.
Company C Shenandoah Rangers: CAPT. S B Myers
The company was accepted in state service at Edinburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861, and was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day. The company was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 19 and 23 June, 1861, and Captain S B Myers, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company C, was appointed major, 7th Virginia Cavalry, on 30 October, 1862.
Company D Massanutten Rangers: CAPT. M Jordan
The company was accepted in state service at Luray, Page County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 19 and 23 June, 1861.
Company E Bowen's Mountain Rangers/ Front Royal Company: CAPT. W Bowen
The company was accepted in state service at Front Royal, Warren County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company E, at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 26 and 27 June, 1861. First Lieutenant J Marshall, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company E, was appointed captain, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company E, on 7 March, 1862.
Company F Hampshire Riflemen: CAPT. G F Sheetz
The company was accepted in state service at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861, and was assigned to Lee's Battalion Infantry, under the command of Captain WH F Lee, infantry, Provisional army of Virginia, at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 19 and 21 June, 1861. The company (45) was below the minimum quota for muster and was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company F, at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27/28 June, 1861, and was mustered in state/ Confederate service for one year at Duffields, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel T Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry, on 4 September, 1861, dated 1 June, 1861. Captain G F Sheetz, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company F, was killed on 23 May, 1862.
Company G Mason Rangers: CAPT. J F Mason
The company was accepted in state service at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.
Company H (1st) Brock's Gap Sharpshooters: CAPT. A Harper
The company was accepted in state service at Brock's Gap, Rockingham County, Virginia, on (?) July, 1861, and captured at Columbia Furnace, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 16 April, 1862. The company was reorganised, under the command of Captain T L M Chipley, on 22 April, 1862, and was assigned to the 17th Virginia Battalion Cavalry, Company C, on 16 June 1862.
Company H (2nd): CAPT. J C Shoup
The company was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company H (2nd), with the excess men of Company B (2nd) on 7 May, 1862.
Company I: CAPT. E Shands
The company was accepted in state service at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company I, at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861.
Company K: CAPT. W Miller
The company was accepted in state service for one year at Oakney Springs, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 1 August, 1861, and Captain W Miller, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company K, was appointed quartermaster, 7th Virginia Cavalry, on 30 November, 1861. First Lieutenant H R T Koontz, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company K, was appointed captain, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company K, on 1 December, 1861, dated 30 November, 1861.

Organisation of 7th Virginia Cavalry, march to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: Colonel A W McDonald, Sr., Lieutenant Colonel T Ashby, Major O R Funsten, Jr.; Company A, Fauquier Mountain Rangers, Captain W F Turner; Company B (2nd), Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, Captain J Q Winfield; Company C, Shenandoah Rangers, Captain S B Myers; Company D, Massanutten Rangers, Captain M Jordan; Company E, Bowen's Mounted Rangers/ Front Royal Company, Captain W Bowen; Company F, Hampshire Riflemen, Captain G F Sheetz; Company G, Mason Rangers, Captain J F Mason; Company H (1st), Brook's Gap Sharpshooters; Captain A Harper; Company I, Captain E Shands

Additional Companies

The companies listed below were assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry until reorganisation on 16 June, 1862.

Twelfth Virginia Cavalry

The 12th Virginia Cavalry was accepted in Confederate service at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1862.

Organisation of 12th Virginia Cavalry, 12 June, 1862: Colonel A W Harman, Lieutenant Colonel R H Burks, Major T B Massie; Company A, Captain J W Glenn; Company B, Captain R W Baylor; Company C, Captain J H Ford; Company D, Captain J L Knott; Company E, Captain J Marshall; Company F, Captain H W Gilmor; Company G, Captain A M Willis; Company H, Captain E Sipe; Company I, Captain C T O'Ferrell; Company K, Captain I P Rinker

Henderson's Company was accepted in state service for one year, under the command of Captain J Henderson, at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861; Baylor's Company was accepted in Confederate service for six months, under the command of Captain R W Baylor, at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 25 September, 1861; Marshall's Company was accepted in Confederate service for the war, under the command of Captain T Marshall, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 11 March, 1862; Knott's Company was accepted in Confederate service, under the command of Captain J L Knott, at Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 March, 1862; Marshall's Company was accepted in Confederate service, under the command of Captain J Marshall, at New Market, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 27 March, 1862; Gilmor's Company was accepted in Confederate service, under the command of Captain H W Gilmor, on 26 March, 1862; Willis' Company was accepted in Confederate service, under the command of Captain A M Willis, at Sperryville, Rappahannock County, Virginia, on 31 March, 1862; Sipe's Company was accepted in Confederate service, under the command of Captain E Sipe, at Pughtown, Hancock County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1862; Massie's Company was accepted in Confederate service, under the command of Captain T B Massie, at Conrad's Store, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 27 March, 1862; Rinker's Company was accepted in Confederate service for two years, under the command of Captain I P Rinker, at Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 1 May, 1862.

Note: Captain A W Harman, 5th Virginia Infantry, Company G, was appointed colonel, 12th Virginia Cavalry, on 1 July, 1862, dated 21 June, 1862; R H Burks lieutenant colonel, 12th Virginia Cavalry, on 2 July, 1862, dated 21 June, 1862; and Captain T B Massie, 12th Virginia Cavalry, Company I, major, on 2 July, 1862, dated 21 June, 1862 (See the 5th Virginia, Infantry). Captain T Marshall, 12th Virginia Cavalry, Company C, was appointed major, 7th Virginia Cavalry, on 2 July, 1862, dated 21 June, 1862.

Seventeenth Virginia Battalion Cavalry/Eleventh Virginia Cavalry

The 17th Virginia Battalion Cavalry was organised at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, Rockingham County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.234, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 7 October, 1862.

Organisation of 17th Virginia Battalion Cavalry, 7 October, 1862: Lieutenant Colonel O R Funsten, Sr., Major W Patrick; Company A, Captain G W Myers; Company B, Hardy Rangers, Captain W H Harness; Company C, Captain T L Chipley; Company D, Captain E H McDonald; Company E, Captain J T Hess; Company F, Bath Cavalry, Company A, Captain A G McChesney; Company G, Bath Cavalry, Company B, Captain F A Daingerfield

Note: The 17th Virginia Battalion Cavalry was designated the 1st Virginia Battalion Cavalry, under the command of Major O R Funsten, Sr., between 16 June and 7 October, 1862, and Major O R Funsten, Sr., 1st Virginia Battalion Cavalry, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 17th Virginia Battalion Cavalry, on 14 October, 1862. The 24th Virginia Battalion Cavalry or Scott's Battalion Partisan Rangers, Company C, under the command of Captain A M Pierce, was disbanded and assigned to the 17th Virginia Battalion Cavalry, Company H, by Special Orders No.3, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 5 January, 1863.

Myers' Company was mustered in Confederate service for the war, under the command of Captain G W Myers, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Second Lieutenant W R Bullock, infantry, Confederate States Army, dated 7 October, 1861; Harness' Company was accepted in Confederate service for the war, under the command of Captain W H Harness, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Colonel T Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry, on 10 March, 1862; 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company H (1st), was reorganised and accepted in Confederate service, under the command of Captain T L Chipley, on 22 April, 1862; McDonald's Company was accepted in Confederate service, under the command of Captain E H McDonald, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, for two years, by Colonel T Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry, on 7 March, 1862; Hess' Company was accepted in Confederate service for the war, under the command of Captain J T Hess, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Colonel T Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry, on 14 February, 1862; Bath Cavalry, Company A, was reorganised, under the command of Captain A G McChesney, on 8 May, 1862; Bath Cavalry, Company B, was reorganised, under the command of Captain M M Ball, on 8 May, 1862

Note: Colonel W H Harness, 14th Virginia Militia (Hardy County), was appointed captain, 7th Virginia Cavalry, on 10 March, 1862; Colonel E H McDonald, 77th Virginia Militia (Hampshire County), on 28 April, 1862; and Captain J T Hess, 55th Virginia Militia (Jefferson County), on 11 May, 1862. The Bath Cavalry, Company A, under the command of Captain A T Richards, was assigned to Captain G Jackson, cavalry, Confederate States Army, at the battle of Rich Mountain, Randolph County, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861.

The 17th Virginia Battalion Cavalry was designated the 11th Virginia Cavalry by Special Orders No. 36, Headquarters, Army of Northern Virginia, Edinburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 5 February, 1863.

Organisation of 11th Virginia Cavalry, 9 February, dated 5 February, 1863: Colonel L L Lomax, Lieutenant Colonel O R Funsten, Sr., Major M D Ball; Company A, Captain G W Myers; Company B, Hardy Rangers, Captain W H Harness; Company C, Captain T L Chipley; Company D, Captain E H McDonald; Company E, Captain J T Hess; Company F, Bath Cavalry, Company A, Captain A G McChesney; Company G, Bath Cavalry, Company B, Captain F A Daingerfield; Company H, Captain A M Pierce; Company I, Captain M D Ball; Company K, Captain O T Weems

Note: The 5th Virginia Cavalry, Companies F (2nd), under the command of Captain M D Ball, and Weems' Company, under the command of Captain O T Weems, were assigned to the 11th Virginia Cavalry, Companies I and K, respectively, by Special Orders No. 36, Headquarters, Army of Northern Virginia, Edinburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 9 February, 1863, dated 5 February, 1863, and Captain M D Ball, 11th Virginia Cavalry, Company I, was appointed major, 11th Virginia Cavalry, on 15 February, 1863.

Fourteenth Virginia Cavalry

Company G, Valley Cavalry/ Rangers, Captain W R Preston

The Valley Cavalry/ Rangers was mustered in Confederate service for two years or the war with men of 4th Virginia Infantry on 16 April, 1862, and was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry on 25 June, 1862 (See the 4th Virginia Infantry). The company was assigned to the 14th Virginia Cavalry, under the command of Colonel C E Thorburn, by Special Orders No.208, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 5 September, 1862.

Ashby's Artillery/ Chew's Horse Artillery

Ashby's Artillery/ Chew's Horse Artillery was organised at Flowing Spring, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Special authority of the War Department on 11 November, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service on 13 November, 1861.

Organisation of Chew's Horse Artillery, 13 November, 1861: Captain R P Chew, First Lieutenant M Rouse, Second Lieutenant J W Thomson, Junior Second Lieutenant J W McCarty

Note: Cadet R P Chew, Virginia Military Institute, was temporarily assigned as acting second lieutenant to the Lee Artillery, under the command of Captain P B Anderson, at Monterey, Highland County, Virginia, between 15 July and (?) September, 1861, and Major P B Anderson, first major, 1st Tennessee Infantry, resigned at Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 7 May, 1861, and was appointed captain, Lee Artillery, on 28 May 1861 (See the 1st Tennessee Infantry).

Sources

"Last night we sent off the Valley Guards, Capt. Sprinkel, 75 men; the Rockingham Rifles, 108 men, Capt. Kenney To-day the balance of the Volunteer Regiment, composed of the Bridgewater Grays, Capt. Brown; the Elk Run Grays, Capt. Covington; the Peaked Mountain Grays, Capt. Yancey; the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, Capt. Winfield; Chisman's Infantry, Capt. Chisman."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 22 April, 1861 - Movement of soldiers, Harrisonburg, Va., 19 April, 1861

"The Howard Dragoons, Capt. Gaither, from Howard county, reached the city yesterday afternoon, and reported at headquarters."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 24 April, 1861 - Arrival of volunteers from the counties

"Among the Virginia forces there, we hear of Captain Ashby's Mounted Rangers, Captain Rogers' Loudoun Artillery, a part of Captain Imboden's command from this post, Captain Carter's Company of Cavalry, and Captain Winfield's company of Rifles."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 24 May, 1861 - Affairs at Harper's Ferry, 21 May, 1861

"This morning the bridge connecting Harpers Ferry and Maryland, at Point of Rocks, was burned, by order from this place."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 13 June, 1861 - Harper's Ferry, 9 June, 1861, night

Books/ Manuscripts

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Seventh Virginia Cavalry, First Edition No.636 of 1000, by Richard L. Armstrong

A history of the Laurel Brigade: Originally the Ashby Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia and Chew's Battery, by William McDonald

Charlotte Cavalry - A brief history of the gallant command. Its record a splendid one. From its organisation to the end of the war. In the charging squadron. With roll added: Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume XXVIII, pp71-81, E E Bouldin, formerly captain Charlotte Cavalry, Company B, 14th Virginia, Confederate States Army, Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 27 May, 1900

Complete roll of famous company. Company A, Seventh Virginia Cavalry, Army of Northern Virginia - but few survivors now: Southern Historical Society Papers Volume XXXV, January-December, 1907, pp335-340, Joshua C Fletcher, Bluemont, Loudoun County, Virginia

The memoirs of General Turner Ashby and his compeers, by Rev. James Battle Avirett, Chaplin Ashby Cavalry and other officers of the Army of Northern Virginia, C.S.A.

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Chew's Ashby, Shoemaker's Lynchburg & the Newtown Artillery, First Edition, No.549 of 1000, by R H Moore II

Virginia Valley records: Genealogical and historical materials of Rockingham County, Virginia, and related regions, by David A Heatwole

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 7th Virginia Cavalry was organised at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Note: A W McDonald, Sr., was stationed as a volunteer aide de camp to Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and was appointed colonel, cavalry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 5 June, 1861. Colonel A W McDonald, Sr., cavalry, Provisional Army of Virginia, arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 7 June, 1861 (See the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

Seizure of Harpers Ferry Arsenal & Armory, 17-19 April, 1861

The Fauquier Mountain Rangers was ordered to seize Harpers Ferry Arsenal and Armory, on Shenandoah and Potomac Streets, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861.

Markham, Fauquier County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company A, 16-19 April, 1861: The Fauquier Mountain Rangers, under the command of First Lieutenant R Ashby, was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening on 16 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Black Horse Troop, under the command of First Lieutenant B Randolph. The company arrived at Halltown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Middleway, Charlestown & Harpers Ferry Turnpike to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day. The Fauquier Mountain Rangers, under the command of Captain T Ashby, arrived at Bolivar Heights, one and a half miles west of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 April, 1861, and at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 19 April, 1861 (See Munford's Squadron Cavalry).

Note: Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mountain Rangers, was stationed at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, in the evening on 16 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 April, 1861. He was accompanied by J A Selden and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861. Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mountain Rangers, was ordered to proceed by the Middleway, Charlestown & Harpers Ferry Turnpike to Halltown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day.

Troops stationed at Halltown, Jefferson County, Virginia, 18 April, 1861: Colonel J W Allen, 2nd Virginia State Troops; Jefferson Guards, Captain J W Rowan; Botts Greys, Captain L Botts; Hamtramck Guards, Captain V M Butler; Nelson Guards/ Millwood Rifles, Captain W N Nelson; Clarke Riflemen/ Rifles, Captain S H Bowen

State & Confederate Service

The Fauquier Mountain Rangers was stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Covered/ Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, Company A, 19 April, 1861: The Fauquier Mountain Rangers was ordered to the Covered/ Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 19 April, 1861, and was stationed at the Covered or Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, between 19 April and 9 June, 1861.

Note: The Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles was ordered to the Covered/ Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 6 May, 1861, and was accompanied by two 6 pounder smoothbores of the Staunton Artillery, under the command of Captain J D Imboden (See the Staunton Artillery).

Mustered for one year 7 the war, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company A & B (2nd), 3 & 5 May, 1861: The 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, was mustered in state service for one year as the 1st Virginia Cavalry, Company G (1st), at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 3 May, 1861, and Company B (2nd) for the war, as the 10th Virginia Infantry, Unlettered Company, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 5 May, 1861.

Note: Captain J Q Wingfield, Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861.

Troops stationed at Covered/ Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, 20 May, 1861: Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mountain Rangers; Fauquier Mountain Rangers, First Lieutenant R Ashby; Loudoun Light Horse, Captain R W Carter; Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, Captain J Q Winfield; Baltimore Rifles, Captain C C Edelin; Frederick Volunteers, Captain B T Johnson; section of Staunton Artillery, Captain J D Imboden; Loudoun Artillery, Captain A L Rogers

Note: The Loudoun Cavalry arrived at the Covered/ Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 23 May, 1861, and the Wise Artillery on 27 May, 1861.

New Creek Station, Hampshire County, to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Company F,, 21 May, 1861: The New Creek Riflemen was reorganised as the Hampshire Riflemen at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant G F Sheetz, New Creek Riflemen, was appointed captain, Hampshire Riflemen, on 6 June, 1861 (See the 33rd Virginia Infantry).

Note: A detachment of the New Creek Riflemen (25), under the command of Captain E M Armstrong, arrived at Burlington, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861, and was disbanded between 21 and 31 May, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 7th Virginia Cavalry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Note: The Massanutten Rangers was stationed at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).

Covered/ Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies A & B (2nd), 9-10 June, 1861: The Fauquier Mountain Rangers and the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles were ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 9 June, 1861, and arrived via Waterford, Loudoun County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 10 June, 1861.

Note: The Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles destroyed the Covered/ Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, in the morning on 9 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry between 11 and 21 June, 1861 (See the 10th Virginia Infantry).

Raid on Romney, 12 June, 1861

The Hampshire Riflemen, under the command of Colonel A C Cummings, Provisional Army of Virginia, were stationed at Gibson's, 75 yards east of the Covered Bridge, on the South Branch Potomac River, one mile southwest of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 12 June, 1861 (See the 33rd Virginia Infantry).

Note: A detachment of local citizens and one 12 pounder howitzer and one 6 pounder rifle of the Bloomery Artillery were stationed at Cemetery Hill, half a mile southwest of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, and the Hampshire Riflemen at Gibson's, 75 yards east of the Covered Bridge, on the South Branch Potomac River, one mile southwest of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning 12 June, 1861.

Troops stationed at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, (500) 12 June, 1861: Colonel A C Cummings, Provisional Army of Virginia; Potomac Guards, Captain P T Grace; Independent/ Hardy Greys, Captain A Spangler; Hampshire Riflemen, Captain G F Sheetz; detachment of local citizens; 12 pounder howitzer & 6 pounder rifle, Bloomery Artillery (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry)

List of killed, etc, during the skirmish at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, 12 June, 1861: Hampshire Riflemen, killed 2, wounded 1, total 3

Note: Six companies of the 11th Indiana Infantry, under the command of Colonel L Wallace, were engaged skirmish northeast of the Covered Bridge, on the South Branch Potomac River, one mile southwest of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 12 June, 1861 (See Unassigned, Army of Pennsylvania).

Withdrawal to Park's Valley, 12-13 June, 1861

The Hampshire Riflemen, under the command of Colonel A C Cummings, Provisional Army of Virginia, were ordered to withdraw to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 12 June, 1861, and were accompanied by the Potomac Guards and the Independent/ Hardy Greys. The company arrived by the Northwestern Turnpike at Parks' Valley, two and a half miles west of Capon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 13 June, 1861.

Harpers, Jefferson County, to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Company B (2nd), 13-19 June, 1861: The Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 13 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 10th Virginia Infantry, the 13th Virginia Infantry, and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry. The company arrived at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 13 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at 11 AM on 18 June, 1861.

Note: The Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, to A W McDonald's/ Hawthorne, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company A, 15 June, 1861: The Fauquier Mountain Rangers was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, under the command of Colonel A W McDonald, Sr., on 14 June, 1861, and arrived at A W McDonald's/ Hawthorne, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861.

Note: The Shenandoah Rangers was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861.

Loudoun County & Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company B (1st), 17 June, 1861: The Howard Dragoons was accepted in Virginia state service at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861, and was stationed at Loudoun County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry, between 14 May and 14 June, 1861. The company was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 June, 1861 (See the 1st Virginia Cavalry).

Note: The Fauquier Mounted Rangers and the Howard Dragoons were assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A and B (1st), at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Companies A & B (1st), 18-19 June, 1861: The 7th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A and B (1st), under the command of Colonel A W McDonald, Sr., Provisional Army of Virginia, were ordered proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 June, 1861, and arrived via Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.

Note: The 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, under the command of Captain T Ashby, was stationed at Camp Washington, Washington Bottom farm/ Ridgedale, on South Branch Potomac River, six miles north of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, and Company B (1st), under the command of Colonel A W McDonald, Sr., at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.

Park's Valley, two & a half miles west of Capon Bridge, to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Company F, 19 June, 1861: The Hampshire Riflemen was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the Potomac Guards and the Independent/ Hardy Greys. The company arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 19 June, 1861, and was assigned to Lee's Battalion Infantry, under the command of Captain W H F Lee, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, between 19 and 21 June, 1861 (See the 33rd Virginia Infantry).

Organisation of Lee's Battalion Infantry, 19/21 June, 1861: Acting Major & Captain W H F Lee, Provisional Army of Virginia; Unlettered, Potomac Guards, Captain P T Grace; Unlettered, Independent Greys, Captain A Spangler; Unlettered, Hampshire Riflemen, Captain G F Sheetz

Note: The Hampshire Riflemen was stationed at Parks' Valley, two and a half miles west of Capon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 13 and 19 June, 1861, and was assigned to Lee's Battalion Infantry at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 19/21 June, 1861 (See the 33rd Virginia Infantry).

Troops stationed at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, 19 June, 1861: Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry; 10th Virginia Infantry, Colonel S B Gibbons; 13th Virginia Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel J A Walker; 3rd Tennessee Infantry, Colonel J C Vaughn; Lee's Battalion Infantry, Captain W H F Lee, Provisional Army of Virginia; 7th Virginia Cavalry, Companies Companies A and B (1st), Colonel A W McDonald, Sr., Provisional Army of Virginia

Romney to Hanging Rock/ Blue's Gap, Hampshire County, Virginia, Company B (2nd), 19 June, 1861: The Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles was ordered to Hanging Rock/ Blue's Gap, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company, B (2nd), on 21 June, 1861.

Note: Captain J Q Winfield, Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, was assigned to command the Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles and another company at Hanging Rock/ Blues' Gap, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 19 and 22 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company B (2nd), on 21 June, 1861.

Hanging Rock/ Blues Gap to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Company B (2nd), 22 June, 1861: The Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles was ordered to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 22 June, 1861.

Romney, Hampshire County, to Neal's Dam, Opequon Creek, on two miles west of Kernstown, Frederick County, Virginia, Company B (2nd), & F, 21-24 June, 1861: The Hampshire Riflemen was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Hanging Rock/ Blue's Gap, Hampshire County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, on 21 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, the 13th Virginia Infantry, and Lee's Battalion Infantry. The company arrived at Hanging Rock/ Blue's Gap, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and was ordered to Capon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 22 June, 1861. The Hampshire Riflemen was ordered to Hogue Creek, west of Lockhart's Gap, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 23 June, 1861, and arrived at 7 PM the same day. The company was ordered to Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, two miles west of Kernstown, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 24 June, 1861, and arrived at 1 PM the same day. The Hampshire Riflemen was stationed at Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, two miles west of Kernstown, Frederick County, Virginia, between 24 and 27/28 June, 1861.

Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, two miles west of Kernstown, to J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company F, 27/28 June, 1861: The Hampshire Riflemen was ordered to J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27/28 June, 1861, and were stationed at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27/28 June, 1861.

Note: The Hampshire Riflemen (45) was below the minimum quota for muster and was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company F, at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, J M Mason's/ Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27/28 June, 1861.

Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, 19-27 June, Companies, C, D, E, & I, 1861: The 7th Virginia Cavalry, Companies C and D, arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, between 19 and 23 June, 1861; Company I on 24 June, 1861; and Company E between 26 and 27 June, 1861.

Skirmish at Kell(e)y's Island, 26 June, 1861

A detachment of the 7th Virginia Cavalry (19), Company A, under the command of Captain R Ashby, was ordered to Patterson's Creek Station, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 26 June, 1861, and a detachment (7), under the command of Captain R Ashby, were engaged in a skirmish with a detachment of the 11th Indiana Infantry (13), acting as cavalry, under the command of Corporal D B Hay, 11th Indiana Infantry, Company A, at Kell(e)y's Island, at the junction of Patterson's Creek and the Potomac River, six miles south of Cumberland, Allegany County, Virginia, the same day. Captain R Ashby, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, was mortally wounded during the skirmish at Kell(e)y's Island, at the junction of Patterson's Creek and the Potomac River, six miles south of Cumberland, Allegany County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and died at Washington Bottom farm or Ridgedale, on South Branch Potomac River, six miles north of Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 7 July, 1861 (See the 11th Indiana Infantry).

Note: A detachment of the 7th Virginia Cavalry (11), Company A, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T Ashby, was ordered on a scouting expedition to Patterson's Creek Station, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 26 June, 1861, and arrived at Kell(e)y's Island, at the junction of Patterson's Creek and the Potomac River, six miles south of Cumberland, Allegany County, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day. The detachment of Company A was engaged in a skirmish at Kell(e)y's Island, at the junction of Patterson's Creek and the Potomac River, six miles south of Cumberland, Allegany County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 26 June, 1861.

Note: The Brock's Gap Sharpshooters was stationed at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 7 July, 1861.

Skirmish at New Creek Station, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Hampshire County, Virginia, Companies B (2nd) , D, & E, 13 July, 1861: A detachment of the 7th Virginia Cavalry (200), under the command of Colonel A W McDonald, Sr., was engaged in a skirmish with the 13th Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry/ 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry at New Creek Station, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 14 July, 1861 (See the 11th Indiana Infantry).

Note: A detachment of the 7th Virginia Cavalry destroyed the Twenty-first Bridge, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at the North Branch of the Potomac River, one and a half miles east of New Creek Station, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

March to Manassas Junction, 21-23 July, 1861

The Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861, and the 7th Virginia Cavalry arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 19 July, 1861.

Note: The 7th Virginia Cavalry was assigned to scouting and picket duty in the vicinity of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Bristoe Station, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, Prince William County, Virginia, 21-23 July, 1861: The 7th Virginia Cavalry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Upperville via Millwood, Clarke County, and Ashby's Gap, on the Blue Ridge Mountains, Clarke, Loudoun, and Fauquier Counties, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Haymarket, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 22 July, 1861, and to Bristoe Station, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, Prince William County, Virginia, in the evening on 23 July, 1861.

Note: The 7th Virginia Cavalry was ordered to Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 July, 1861.

Reorganised at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, Rockingham County, Virginia, 16, 21, 25 June, 5 September, and 13 November, 1862: Twenty-three companies of the 7th Virginia Cavalry were mustered in Confederate service at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1862, and seven companies were assigned to the 17th Virginia Battalion Cavalry on 16 June, 1862; ten companies to the 12th Virginia Cavalry on 21 June, 1862; one company to the 14th Virginia Cavalry on 5 September, 1862; and one company to Ashby's Artillery or Chew's Horse Artillery on 13 November, 1862.

Disbanded at Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, 11 April, 1865: The 7th Virginia Cavalry was disbanded at Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 11 April, 1865, and thirty-four men surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, on 9 April, 1865.

Orders of Battle

The above painting, 'Drive Them to Washington', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historical artist.