The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Reserve Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel J F Fagan, 1st Arkansas Infantry

Colonel J F Fagan, 1st Arkansas Infantry

First Arkansas Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 19, 20, & 21 May, 1861, dated 8 May, 1861. Arrived at Camp Wigfall, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 20 July, 1861

COLONEL J F FAGAN
Captain J F Fagan, 1st Arkansas Infantry, Company E, was appointed colonel, 1st Arkansas Infantry, in the evening on 8 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J C MONROE
Captain J C Monroe, 1st Arkansas Infantry, Company B, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 1st Arkansas Infantry, in the evening on 8 May, 1861.

MAJOR J B THOMPSON
J B Thompson was appointed major, 1st Arkansas Infantry, in the evening on 8 May, 1861.

Company A El Dorado Sentinels: CAPT. A S MORGAN
The company was accepted in state service at El Dorado, Union County, Arkansas, on 2 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, in the evening on 8 May, 1861.
Company B Clark County Volunteers: CAPT. C S STARK
The company was accepted in state service at Arkadelphia, Clark County, Arkansas, under the command of Captain J C Monroe, on (?) April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year, under the command of Captain C S Stark, at Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, in the evening on 8 May, 1861. Captain J C Monroe, 1st Arkansas Infantry, Company B, was appointed lieuetenant colonel, 1st Arkansas Infantry, the same day.
Company C Camden Knights: CAPT. W L CRENSHAW
The company was accepted in state service at Camden, Ouachita County, Arkansas, on 29 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service in the evening on 8 May, 1861.
Company D Clan McGregor: CAPT. D MCGREGOR
The company was accepted in state service at Pine Bluff, Jefferson County, Arkansas, on 1 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, in the evening on 8 May, 1861.
Company E Saline Guards: CAPT. W A CRAWFORD
The company was mustered in state service at Benton, Saline County, Arkansas, under the command of Captain J F Fagan, on 26 April, 1861, and was ordered to Little Rock Arsenal, Pulaski County, Arkansas, on 5 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service, under the command of Captain W A Crawford, in the evening on 8 May, 1861, and Captain J F Fagan, 1st Arkansas Infantry, Company E, was appointed colonel, 1st Arkansas Infantry, the same day.
Company F Etonia Guards: CAPT. W H MARTIN
The company was accepted in state service for one year at Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, on 30 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, in the evening on 8 May, 1861.
Company G Jackson Guards: CAPT. R C PICKETT
The company was accepted in state service at Jacksonport, Jackson County, Arkansas, in the morning on 5 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Mary Patterson on the White River to Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee, at 2 PM on 5 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year in the evening on 8 May, 1861.
Company H Crockett Guards or Rifles: CAPT. R H CROCKETT
The company was accepted in state service at DeWitt, Arkansas County, Arkansas, on (?) April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, in the evening on 8 May, 1861.
Company I Monticello Guards: CAPT. J A JACKSON
The company was accepted in state service for one year at Monticello, Drew County, Arkansas, on (?) April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, in the evening on 8 May, 1861.
Company K DeWitt Guards: CAPT. J M Boswell
The company was accepted in state service at DeWitt, Arkansas County, Arkansas, under the command of Captain D B Quertermous, on 8 February, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Little Rock, Saline County, Arkansas, in the evening on 8 May, 1861. First Lieutenant J M Boswell, 1st Arkansas Infantry, Company K, was appointed captain, 1st Arkansas Infantry, Company K, on 19 May, 1861.
Company Unlettered Fagan Rifles: CAPT. J R LACY
The company was accepted in Confederate service at El Dorado, Union County, Arkansas, on 23 September, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service at Fredericksburg, Virginia, by Major W H Ker, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 11 October, 1861. The company was assigned to the 1st Arkansas Infantry by Special Orders No.158, Headquarters, Department of Fredericksburg, Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, on 12 October, 1861, and to the 2nd Arkansas Battalion Infantry, Company C, under the command of Major W N Bronaugh, by Special Orders No.194, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 29 October, 1861.

Second Arkansas Battalion Infantry

Major W N Bronaugh

W N Bronaugh was appointed adjutant, 1st Arkansas Infantry, on 19 May, 1861, and major, 2nd Arkansas Battalion Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 29 October, 1861. Major W N Bronaugh was ordered to Evansport, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.170, Headquarters, Aquia District, Fredericksburg, Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, on 31 October, 1861.

Company A Hot Springs Infantry: CAPT. J A GREGORY
The company was accepted in state service at Hot Springs, Garland County, Arkansas, on 17 September, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service at Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 3 October, 1861.
Company B Fagan Guards: CAPT. H BEAVERS
The company was accepted in state service at Pine Bluff, Jefferson County, Arkansas, on 3 September, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service at Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 29 September, 1861.
Company C Fagan Rifles: CAPT. J R LACY
The company was accepted in state service at El Dorado, Union County, Arkansas, on 23 September, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, on 7 October, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service at Richmond, Virginia, at Fredericksburg, Virginia, by Major W H Ker, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 11 October, 1861.
Unlettered Company Maryland or Zarvona Zouaves: CAPT. W C Walters
The company was reorganised and mustered in Confederate service at Richmond, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861, and was temporarily assigned to the 47th Virginia Infantry, Company H, by Special Orders No.252, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 16 August, 1861. The company was stationed at Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, on 8 January, 1862, and was assigned to the 2nd Arkansas Battalion Infantry in May 1862. The company was mustered out on 15 June, 1862.

The Fagan Guards was mustered in Confederate service at Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 29 September, 1861; the Hot Springs Infantry on 3 October, 1861, and the Fagan Rifles on 11 October, 1861, and were assigned to the 2nd Arkansas Battalion Infantry, at Camp Holmes, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, under the command of Major W N Bronaugh, by Special Orders No. 194, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 29 October, 1861.

Special Orders No.173, Headquarters, Aquia District, Fredericksburg, Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, 4 November, 1861: The 2nd Arkansas Battalion Infantry was assigned to the 1st Arkansas Infantry by Special Orders No.173, Headquarters, Aquia District, Fredericksburg, Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, on 4 November, 1861.

Special Orders No. 152, Headquarters, Army of Northern Virginia, near Richmond, Virginia, 13 July, 1862: The 2nd Arkansas Battalion Infantry was assigned to the 3rd Arkansas Infantry, Companies A, B, and C, by Special Orders No. 152, Headquarters, Army of Northern Virginia, near Richmond, Virginia, on 13 July, 1862.

Seizure of Little Rock Arsenal, 8 February, 1861

Major General T D Merrick, First Division, Arkansas Militia

A detachment of the Arkansas Militia, under the command of Major General T D Merrick, First Division, Arkansas Militia, was ordered to seize Little Rock Arsenal, Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, on 8 February 1861.

Garrison at Little Rock Arsenal, Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, 7 February, 1861: Captain J Totten, 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company F; 2nd United States Artillery (76), Light Company F; detachment of United States Ordnance Department (14)

Note: The 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company F, under the command of First Lieutenant A Merchant, was ordered to Little Rock Arsenal, Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, on 21 November, 1860, and arrived on 6 December, 1860.

Seizure of Little Rock Arsenal, Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, 8 February, 1861: Captain J Totten, 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company F, surrendered Little Rock Arsenal, Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, at 3 PM on 8 February 1861.

Note: The Helena or Yell Riflemen and the Phillips Guards, under the command of former governor J S Roane, were ordered to seize Little Rock Arsenal, Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, on 8 February 1861.

Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, to Jefferson Barracks Reservation, on the Mississippi River, Lemay, St. Louis County, Missouri, Light Company F, 8-22 February, 1861: The 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company F, acting as infantry, was ordered to Fletcher's Landing, on the Arkansas River, in the vicinity of Little Rock Arsenal, Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, on 8 February, 1861, and to proceed by the steamer Madara on the Arkansas River to St Louis, St. Louis County, Missouri, on 12 February, 1861. Light Company F arrived by the Mississippi River at Jefferson Barracks Reservation, Lemay, St. Louis County, Missouri, on 22 February, 1861.

Note: Captain J Totten, 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company F, arrived at Fletcher's Landing, on the Arkansas River, in the vicinity of Little Rock Arsenal, Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, on 11 February, 1861.

Troops stationed at Little Rock Arsenal, Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, 8 February, 1861: Southwestern Guards (Volunteer Cavalry), 12th Arkansas Militia (Phillips County), Captain M G B Scafe; Jefferson Guards, 24th Arkansas Militia (Jefferson County), Captain C H Carlton; LeGrange Cavalry, 12th Arkansas Militia (Phillips County), Captain T Gist; Capital Guards (formerly known as Little Rock Guards), 13th Arkansas Militia (Pulaski County), Captain J C Peay; Yell or Helena Riflemen, 12th Arkansas Militia (Phillips County), Captain P R Cleburne; Phillip Guards, 12th Arkansas Militia (Phillips County), Captain G Otey; Jefferson County Company, 24th Arkansas Militia (Jefferson County), Captain (?) Collins

Note: The Helena or Yell Riflemen (115) and the Phillips Guards (65) were ordered to proceed by the steamer Frederic Notrebe on the Arkansas River to Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, on 3 February, 1861, and arrived in the evening on 5 February, 1861. Additional troops from Jefferson County, Arkansas, arrived by the steamer Key West on the Arkansas River the same day and a detachment of twenty-three men of the Phillips Guards was stationed at the Little Rock Arsenal, Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, on 15 March, 1861.

Sources

"L. P. Walker, Secretary of War, has accepted Major T. B. Flournoy's regiment of Arkansas troops for service in Virginia, and they are instructed to rendezvous at Lynchburg, where they will be mustered into service."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 7 May, 1861 - Arkansas troops for Virginia

"The steamer H. D. Mears arrived yesterday afternoon from Vicksburg, having on board four military companies from Arkansas, as follows: Ettoman Guards, Capt. Martin, from Pulaski county, numbering 70 men; Crockett Guards, Capt. Crockett, Arkansas county, numbering 116 men; DeWitt Guards, Capt. Quartermans, Arkansas county, numbering 70 men; Monticello Guards, Capt. Jackson, Drew county, numbering 103 men. These companies make a handsome and imposing appearance, and are en route for Lynchburg."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 15 May, 1861 - Memphis Bulletin, 12 May, 1861

"A part of Col. DeRussy's Louisiana Regiment arrived in Knoxville, Tenn., on Tuesday last, on their way to Virginia. The same evening about 1,000 more troops arrived, consisting of hall a regiment of North Louisiana volunteers, half a regiment of Arkansas volunteers, and the remainder of the Middle Tennessee regiment. They were handsomely received by the citizens. Speeches were made by Lieut.Col. Young, of Louisiana, Col. Jake Miller, of Tenn., and Capt. Crockett, a grandson of the famous Davy Crockett."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 17 May, 1861 - Troops from the Southwest

"On 17 July, 1861, we were ordered to cook three days' rations, and be ready at daylight to join our regiment and march to Manassas Gap. We marched forty-seven miles and on 21 July, were camped in an orchard at the extreme right of our army, with orders to be ready at a moment's notice. More specifically, the brigade was ordered to Union Mills Ford, on Bull Run Creek, in support of Brigadier General R Ewell's brigade."

Reminiscences of a private, William E. Bevens of the First Arkansas Infantry, C.S.A., edited with an introduction by Daniel E Sutherland

"Holmes' brigade, an independent command ordered up from Aquia Creek, consisted of two regiments, reported by Beauregard at a total of 1,355, and 6 guns."

The army in the Civil War, Volume 1: The outbreak of rebellion, by John G Nicolay, private Secretary to President Lincoln

The Arkansas Historical Quarterly Volume 31, No. 4 (Winter, 1972), pp328-355: A Saline Guard, the Civil War letters of Col. William Ayers Crawford, C.S.A., 1861-1865, by Charles G Williams and William Ayers Crawford

Getting used to being shot at: The Spence family Civil War letters, by Alexander E Spence and Thomas F Spence

The Confederate Veteran, Volume 28: To the memory of John A. Cathey and John R Loftin, members of Company G, First Arkanasas, pp70-71

The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 69, No.2, April 1961, pp149-180: The military orders of Daniel Ruggles, Department of Fredericksburg, 22 April to 5 June, 1861, by Meriwether Stuart

Kentuckians in grey: Confederate generals and field officers of the bluegrass state, by Bruce S Allardice and Lawrence L Hewitt

The Little Rock Arsenal crisis: On the precipice of the American Civil War, by David Sesser

Compendium of the Confederate Armies, Florida & Arkansas, by Stewart Sifakis

Notes

The 1st Arkansas Infantry was mustered in state service for one year at Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, by Captain T B Flournoy, Saline Guards, in the evening on 8 May 1861.

Note: The Dewitt Guards No.1, 1st Arkansas Militia (Arkansas County), was accepted in state service on 8 February, 1861, and the Camden Knights, 39th Arkansas Militia (Quachita County), on 29th April, 1861.

Jacksonport, Jackson County, Arkansas, to Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee, Company G, 5-9 May, 1861: The 1st Arkansas Infantry, Company G, was ordered to proceed by the steamer Mary Patterson on the White River to Des Arc, Prairie County, Arkansas, at 2 PM on 5 May, 1861, and arrived by the Mississippi River at Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee, on 9 May, 1861.

Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, to Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee, Companies F, H, I, & K, 9-11 May, 1861: The 1st Arkansas Infantry, Companies F (70), H (116), I (103), and K (70), under the command of Major J B Thompson, were ordered to proceed by the steamer H D Mears on the Arkansas River to Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee, on 9 May, 1861, and arrived on the Mississippi River in the afternoon on 11 May, 1861.

Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, to Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee, Companies A, B, C, D, & E, , 11-13 May, 1861: The 1st Arkansas Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, and E, under the command of Major J F Fagan, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Chester Ashley on the Arkansas River to Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee, on 11 May, 1861, and arrived on 13 May, 1861.

Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee, to Lynchburg, Virginia, Companies F, G, H, I, & K, 12-17 May, 1861: The 1st Arkansas Infantry, Companies F, G, H, I, and K, under the command of Colonel J F Fagan and Major J B Thompson, were ordered to proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, at 6 PM on 12 May, 1861, and arrived by the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad at Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, in the morning on 14 May, 1861. Companies F, G, H, I, and K arrived by the East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, in the evening the same day and were ordered to Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, the same day. The 1st Arkansas Infantry, Companies F, G, H, I, and K, arrived at Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, at 9 AM on 15 May, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, in the morning on 16 May, 1861. Companies F, G, H, I, and K arrived at Lynchburg via Wytheville, Wythe County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

Note: The 2nd Tennessee Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, and G, under the command of Major W R Doak, arrived by the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad at Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, on 14 May, 1861, and accompanied the 1st Arkansas Infantry, Companies F, G, H, I, and K, to Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, the same day (See the 2nd Tennessee Infantry).

Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee, to Lynchburg, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, D, & E, 14-18 May, 1861: The 1st Arkansas Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, and E, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J C Monroe, were ordered to proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861, and arrived by the East Tennessee & Virginia Railroad at Lynchburg, Virginia, via Chattanooga, Hamilton County; Knoxville, Knox County; and Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, in the morning on 18 May, 1861.

Note: The 1st Arkansas Infantry was stationed at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, on 18 May, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Lynchburg, Virginia, 19, 20, & 21 May, 1861, dated 8 May, 1861: The 1st Arkansas Infantry was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 19 May, 1861; Company F on 20 May, 1861; and Company K on 21 May, 1861

Lynchburg to Richmond, Virginia, 29-30 May, 1861: The 1st Arkansas Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the morning on 29 May, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad on 30 May, 1861.

Richmond to Fredericksburg, Virginia, 2-3 June, 1861: The 1st Arkansas Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad to Fredericksburg, Virginia, by Special Orders Nos.154 and 156, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861, dated 1 and 2 June, 1861, and arrived at Fredericksburg via Hanover Junction, Hanover County, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861.

Note: Five companies of the 1st Arkansas Infantry and 2nd Tennessee Infantry were assigned to Lieutenant Colonel R M Cary, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 3 June, 1861 (See the 30th Virginia Infantry).

Fredericksburg to Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, 3 June, 1861: The 1st Arkansas Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad to Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Jackson, near Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Colonel W B Bate, 2nd Tennessee Infantry, was assigned to command the District of Stafford and King George, except the Naval Batteries, by General Orders No.16, Headquarters, Department of Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and the 1st Arkansas Infantry was assigned to duty in the District Stafford and King George, under the command of Colonel W B Bate, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861 (See the 2nd Tennessee Infantry).

Aquia Creek Landing, overlooking the Potomac River & Aquia Creek, 14 June, 1861: The 1st Arkansas Infantry was stationed at Aquia Creek Landing, overlooking the Potomac River and Aquia Creek, on 14 June, 1861.

Brooke's Station to Marlboro Point, overlooking the Potomac River & Potomac Creek, 24-28 June, 1861: The 1st Arkansas Infantry was stationed at Camp Jackson, near Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861, and was ordered to Marlboro Point, overlooking the Potomac River and Potomac Creek, on 28 June, 1861.

Note: The 1st Arkansas Infantry was stationed near Aquia Creek Landing, overlooking the Potomac River and Aquia Creek, on 10 July, 1861, and at Marlboro Point, overlooking the Potomac River and Potomac Creek, on 19 July, 1861.

Marlboro Point, overlooking the Potomac River & Potomac Creek, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19-20 July, 1861: The 1st Arkansas Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General T H Holmes, Confederate States Army, by Special Orders No.224, Paragraph IV, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861, dated 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd Tennessee Infantry and the Purcell Artillery. The regiment arrived at Dumfries, Prince William County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and at Camp Wigfall, on McLean's Farm, near the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, in the morning on 20 July, 1861. The 1st Arkansas Infantry was assigned as a reserve to the Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General R S Ewell, Confederate States Army, stationed at Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 21 July, 1861 (See the Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Note: Colonel D Ruggles, Confederate States Army, was temporarily assigned to command the Department of Fredericksburg between 19 and 23 July, 1861, and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company K, arrived at Dumfries, Prince William County, Virginia, in the evening on 19 July, 1861 (See Scott's Squadron Cavalry).

After the first battle of Manassas the 1st Arkansas Infantry arrived at Camp Wigfall, on McLean's Farm, near the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, in the afternoon on 23 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st Arkansas Infantry was ordered to Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.147, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Camp Wigfall, on McLean's Farm, near the intersection of Union Mills & Hooe's Hill Roads, to Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, 24-25 July, 1861: The 1st Arkansas Infantry was ordered to Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd Tennessee Infantry and the Purcell Artillery. The regiment arrived at Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 25 July, 1861.

Reorganised near Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee, 15 March, 1865: The 1st Arkansas Infantry was reorganised near Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee, on 15 March, 1865.

1st Arkansas Consolidated Infantry, 9 April, 1865: The 1st Arkansas Infantry and the 2nd, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 13th, 15th, 19th, 24th and the 3rd Confederate Infantry were reorganised as the 1st Arkansas Consolidated Infantry on 9 April, 1865.

Surrendered at Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, 26 April, 1865: The 1st Arkansas Consolidated Infantry surrendered at Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, on 26 April, 1865.

Colonel D Ruggles, Confederate States Army, Department of Fredricksburg, 22 April-5 June, 1861: Brevet Lieutenant Colonel D Ruggles, 5th United States Infantry, resigned on 19 April, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel D Ruggles, Provisional Army of Virginia, was appointed colonel, infantry, Confederates States Army, dated 16 March, 1861, and was assigned to command the Department of Fredericksburg including the Potomac River between Mount Vernon, Fairfax County, Virginia, and the Rappahannock River between 22 April and 5 June, 1861. Colonel D Ruggles, infantry, Confederates States Army, was appointed brigadier general, Confederates States Army, on 9 August, 1861, and was ordered to Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, by Special orders No.130, Paragraph XII, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 21 August, 1861.

Note: Colonel D Ruggles, infantry, Confederates States Army, was assigned to command the troops from the counties of Stafford, Spotsylvania, Caroline, King George, and Westmoreland by Special Orders No.39, Paragraph I, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

Brigadier General T H Holmes, Confederate States Army, Department of Fredricksburg, 5 June, 1861: Major T H Holmes, 8th United States Infantry, resigned at Fort Columbus, Governor's Island, New York Harbour, on 5 April, 1861, dated 22 April, 1861, and was relieved from duty as superintendent of the United States General Recruiting Service, Department of the East, Headquarters, Fort Columbus, Governor's Island, New York Harbour, by Special Orders No.57, Headquarters of the Army, Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 6 April, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Infantry). Brigadier General T H Holmes, Provisional Army of North Carolina, was stationed at Fayetteville, Cumberland County, North Carolina, on 16 April, 1861, and was ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 17 April, 1861. He was appointed colonel, infantry, Confederate States Army, at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 20 April, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861, and was ordered to Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, by Special Orders No.32, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 22 April, 1861. Brigadier General T H Holmes, Provisional Army of North Carolina, was assigned to command the Coast Defenses, Headquarters, Wilmington, New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 26 April, 1861, and the Coast Defenses, Southern Department, Headquarters, Wilmington, New Hanover County, North Carolina, by General Orders No.2, North Carolina, Adjutant General's Office, Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, on 27 May, 1861. Colonel C C Tew, 2nd North Carolina State Troops, was assigned to command the Coast Defenses, Southern Department, Headquarters, Wilmington, New Hanover County, North Carolina, by Special Orders No.8, North Carolina State Troops, Adjutant General's Office, Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, on 1 June, 1861, and Colonel T H Holmes, infantry, Confederate States Army, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, at Richmond, Virginia, on 5 June, 1861. Brigadier General T H Holmes, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Fredericksburg, Virginia, by Special Orders No.64, Paragraph IV, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on the same day.

Note: Major W H C Whiting, corps engineers, Confederates States Army, was appointed inspector general to Brigadier General T H Holmes, Provisional Army of North Carolina, at Headquarters, Coast Defences, Wilmington, New Hanover County, North Carolina, between 6 and 16 May, 1861 (See the Engineers, Army of the Shenandoah).

The Department of Fredericksburg, under the command of Brigadier General T H Holmes, Confederate States Army, was reorganised as the Aquia District, Department of Northern Virginia, on 22 October, 1861.

The 1st Arkansas Infantry was assigned to Walker's Brigade, under the command of Colonel J G Walker, on 13 September, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.115: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp565-566
Brigadier General T H Holmes, Confederate States Army, Reserve Brigade, Army of the Potomac, Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, 24 July, 1861

Orders of Battle

The above painting, 'The Fourth Alabama', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historical artist.