The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel M Jenkins, 5th South Carolina Infantry

Colonel M Jenkins, 5th South Carolina Infantry

Fifth South Carolina Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 4 June, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 June, 1861. Stationed at McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL M JENKINS
Captain M Jenkins, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company I (E 1st), was appointed colonel, 5th South Carolina Infantry, on 18 February, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL G W H LEGG
Captain G W H Legg, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company F (I 1st), was appointed lieutenant colonel, 5th South Carolina Infantry, on 18 February, 1861.

MAJOR W T THOMPSON

Company A Johnson Riflemen or Rifles: CAPT. J W GOSS
The company was mustered in state service for one year at Union Courthouse, Union District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861.
Company B King's Mountain Guards: CAPT. A JACKSON
The company was mustered in state service for one year at Yorkville, York District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861.
Company C (1st) Batesville Volunteers: CAPT. J J BROWN
The company was mustered in state service for one year at Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861, and declined Confederate service for one year at Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, on 4 June, 1861.
Company C (2nd) Lawson's Fork Volunteers: CAPT. R B SEAY
The company was accepted in state service at Spartanburg, Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 17 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Company D Tyger (River) Volunteers or Goshen Hill Volunteers: CAPT. J R R GILES
The company was mustered in state service at Santuc and Goshen Hill, Union District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain J W Sartor, on 13 April, 1861, and First Lieutenant J R R Giles, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company D (K 1st), was appointed captain, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company D, on 25 May, 1861.
Company E Pea Ridge Volunteers: CAPT. W J T GLENN
The company was accepted in state service at Jonesville, Union District, South Carolina, on 6 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861. The company was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, the same day and arrived by the South Carolina Railroad on 15 April, 1861. Captain W J T Glenn, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company E, was slightly wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861, and resigned on 21 September, 1861.
Company F Morgan Infantry or Light Infantry: CAPT. A H FOSTER
Captain G W H Legg, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company F (I 1st), was appointed lieutenant colonel, 5th South Carolina Infantry, on 18 February, 1861, and the company was mustered in state service for one year, under the command of Captain J M Benson, at Spartanburg, Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861. First Lieutenant A H Foster, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company F (I 1st), was appointed captain, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company F, on 25 May, 1861.
Company G Pacolet Guards: CAPT. J Q CARPENTER
The company was accepted in state service at White Plains, Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 24 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Company H Catawba Light Infantry: CAPT. W J BOWEN
The company was mustered in state service for one year, under the command of Captain R H Glenn, at Yorkville, York District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861, and Private W J Bowen was appointed captain, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company H, on 27 May, 1861.
Company I Jasper Light Infantry: CAPT. C A SEABROOK
Captain M Jenkins, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company I (E 1st), was appointed colonel, 5th South Carolina Infantry, on 18 February, 1861, and First Lieutenant C A Seabrook, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company I (E 1st), was appointed captain, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company I (E 1st), on 2 March, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Yorkville, York District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861.
Company J Whyte Guards: CAPT. A E HUTCHISON
The company was mustered in state service for one year at Rock Hill, York District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861, and declined Confederate service for one year at Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, on 4 June, 1861.
Company K Spartan Rifles: CAPT. J WALKER
The company was accepted in state service at Spartanburg, Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 9 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Star Artillery: FIRST LT. F G LATHAM
The company was organised with thirty to forty men of the 5th South Carolina Infantry, under the command of First Lieutenant F G Latham, 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company G, in October 1861 and was assigned two field pieces of the Sumter Artillery (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry). The company was disbanded between December 1861 and January 1862 .

Sources

"This regiment, commanded by Col. Jenkins, of York, numbering some eleven hundred men, will come here today. They will camp at the Fair grounds until ordered to Charleston."

The Columbia Guardian, 12 April, 1861 - The Fifth Regiment

"Col. Jenkin's regiment of volunteers, from York, Spartanburg and Union Districts, arrived by trains from Greenville and Charlotte on Saturday. They number some eleven hundred men, and all fine looking soldiers. They are encamped at the Fair Grounds, but have received orders to march today for Charleston."

The Yorkville Enquirer, 18 April, 1861 - Arrival of troops

"Our friend, Sergeant Daniel D. Moore, whi returned home a few days since, on furlough, on account of serious illness in his family, has kindly furnished us with a correct roll of the Whyte Guards, of Rock Hill, which are at present stationed on Sullivan's Island."

The Yorkville Enquirer, 25 April, 1861 - Whyte Guards

"Two days later, Lieutenant Colonel George W H Legg, 5th South Carolina Infantry, wrote a letter to his local newspaper 'The Carolina Spartan' stating, 'We will have it today. We have been entrenching ourselves all night. We are well fortified at McClean's Ford.' Several days before the commencement of fighting, Confederate General P G T Beauregard ordered a "heavy" abatis about 200 yards in depth to be constructed on the western side of the Stone Bridge across the Run."

American Civil War fortifications No.2: Land and field fortifications, by Ron Field and illustrated by Peter Dennis

South Carolina Volunteers in the Civil War: Fifth South Carolina Volunteers, Jenkins', in collaboration with W B Bynum, K R Johnson and H M Madaus with text and illustrations by R Field

South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: The Upstate, by R S Seigler

Notes

The 5th South Carolina Infantry was accepted in state service on 6 March, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, in the evening on 11 April, 1861.

Note: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was mustered in state service for one year at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Lieutenant Colonel B E Bee, 1st South Carolina Infantry, on 13 April, 1861.

State service

The 5th South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 19 April and 28 May, 1861.

Organisation of 5th South Carolina Infantry, 13 April, 1861: Colonel M Jenkins, Lieutenant Colonel G W H Legg, Major W T Thompson; Company A, Johnson Riflemen, Captain J W Goss; Company B, Pea Ridge Volunteers, Captain W J T Glenn; Company C, Batesville Volunteers, Captain J J Brown; Company D, Pacolet Guards, Captain J Q Carpenter; Company E, Jasper Light Infantry, Captain C A Seabrook; Company F, Lawson's Fork Volunteers, Captain R B Seay; Company G, King's Mountain Guards, Captain A Jackson; Company I, Morgan Light Infantry, Captain J M Benson; Company J, Whyte Guards, Captain A E Hutchison; Company K, Tyger (River) Volunteers, Captain J W Sartor; Company L, Spartan Rifles, Captain J Walker

Yorkville, York District, to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, Companies H & I, & detachment of Company B, 13 April, 1861: The Catawba Light Infantry, the Jasper Light Infantry, and a detachment of Kings Mountain Guards were ordered to proceed by the King's Moutain Railroad to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, in the morning on 13 April, 1861, and arrived by the Charlotte & South Carolina Railroad at Camp Calhoun, the Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, the same day.

Note: The Whyte Guards arrived at Chester, Chester District, South Carolina, in the morning on 13 April, 1861, and fifty-two men of the Kings Mountain Guards was ordered to proceed by the King's Moutain Railroad to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, in the morning on 14 April, 1861.

Spartenburg & Union Districts, to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, Companies A, C (1st), C (2nd), D, E, F, G, & K, 13 April, 1861: The Spartan Rifles, the Pea Ridge Volunteers, the Batesville Volunteers, the Lawson's Fork Volunteers, the Morgan Light Infantry, the Pacolet Guards, the Tyger (River) Volunteers, and the Johnson Rifles arrived by the Union & Spartenburg Railroad at Camp Calhoun, the Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861.

Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Columbia, Richland District, to Schutzenplatz (German Shooting Ground), near Ri(c)kersville, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 15 April, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Camp Calhoun, he Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Columbia Branch, South Carolina Railroad, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 5 AM on 15 April, 1861. The regiment arrived at Camp Charleston, Schutzenplatz (German Shooting Ground), near Ri(c)kersville, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening the same day.

Note: The 1st South Carolina Militia Rifles, under the command of Colonel J J Pettigrew, was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 19 April, 1861, and the Charleston Zouave Cadets by the steamer Pieris on 20 April, 1861. The Lancaster Greys, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, was ordered to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, in the morning the same day (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry).

Organisation of 1st South Carolina Militia Rifles, 27 December, 1860: Colonel J J Pettigrew, Lieutenant Colonel J L Branch, Major E Capers; Washington Light Infantry, Captain C H Simonton; Carolina Light Infantry, Captain B G Pinckney; Meagher Guards or Emerald Light Infantry, Captain E McCrady, Jr.; Charleston Zouave Cadets, Captain P F Stevens; Moultrie Guards, Captain B W Palmer; German Riflemen, Captain J Small; Palmetto Riflemen, Captain A Melchers

Note: The Washington Light Infantry (160), 1st South Carolina Militia Rifles, was stationed at Tompkin's Point, eastern extremity of Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, between 12 and 13 April, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Schutzenplatz (German Shooting Ground), near the Ri(c)kersville, Charleston, to Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 19 April, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the steamer Planter to Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Camp Braurboard, Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 12 PM the same day.

Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 23 April, 1861: The German Artillery, Company B, 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery, was stationed at Camp Germania, eastern end of Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina; a detachment of the Washington Light Infantry (30), 1st South Carolina Militia Rifles, under the command of First Lieutenant E W Lloyd; and a detachment of the Charleston Light Dragoons, 4th South Carolina Militia Cavalry, at Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 22 April, 1861, and were relieved in the afternoon on 23 April, 1861.

Note: The 5th South Carolina Infantry, Company J, was stationed at Moultrie House, Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 20 April, 1861, and the 5th South Carolina Infantry at Camp Braurboard, Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 30 April, 1861. The 5th South Carolina Infantry, Companies E and J, were ordered near Moultrie House, Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 30 April, 1861, and Company H was stationed between Fort Moultrie and Moultrie House, Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 11 May, 1861.

Confederate service

The 5th South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Camp Braurboard, Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Brigadier General S McGowan, South Carolina Volunteers, on 1 May, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous on the Edisto River, near Orangeburg, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, on 3 June, 1861.

Note: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was on furlough between 28 May and 3 June, 1861.

Orangeburg, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, 4 June, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry arrived at Camp Davis, on the Edisto River, near Orangeburg, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, on 4 June, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, 4 June, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Orangeburg Courthouse, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General D R Jones, Confederate States Army, on 4 June, 1861.

Note: The 5th South Carolina Infantry, Companies C (1st) and J, under the command of Captains J J Brown and A E Hutchinson, respectively, declined Confederate service on 4 June, 1861.

Orangeburg, Orangeburg District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, 5-10 June, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Columbia Branch, South Carolina Railroad, to Richmond, Virginia, in the evening on 5 June, 1861, and arrived by the Charlotte & South Carolina Railroad at the Fairgrounds, near Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, at 8 AM, 3 PM, and in the evening on 7 June, 1861. The regiment arrived by the North Carolina Railroad at Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, on 8 June, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, in the morning on 9 June, 1861. The 5th South Carolina Infantry arrived at Petersburg, Virginia, in the evening the same day and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, in the morning on 10 June, 1861.

Note: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was detained by a rairoad collision near Lightwood Knot Springs, seven miles above Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 6 June, 1861, and was stationed at several tobacco warehouses, on the James River, Richmond, Virginia, in the morning on 10 June, 1861. The regiment was stationed at Camp Davis, Howard's Grove, on the Mechanicsville Turnpike, near Richmond, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 18-19 June, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Central Virginia Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.73, Paragraph VII, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861, dated 17 June, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.

Note: Colonel M Jenkins, 5th South Carolina Infantry, was assigned to command Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.46, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and the 5th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 20 June, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, to Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 June, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.46, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 21 June, 1861.

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, to McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17 July, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 17 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 5th South Carolina Infantry was stationed at McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, and arrived the same day.

The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to the Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road and Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road & Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, 24 July, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to the Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road and Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 24 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pettus, near the Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road and Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, the same day.

Note: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 4th South Carolina Infantry, 5th South Carolina Infantry, 6th South Carolina Infantry, 9th South Carolina Infantry

Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road & Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, 12 August, 1861: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.218, Paragragh I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 12 August, 1861, dated 10 August, 1861, and arrived in the afternoon the same day.

Reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 23 April, 1862: The 5th South Carolina Infantry was reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 5th South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Colonel A Coward, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General D R Jones, Confederate States Army, Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General D R Jones, United States Army, resigned on 15 February, 1861, and was appointed captain and assistant adjutant general, Confederate States Army, on 6 March, 1861. Captain & Assistant Adjutant General D R Jones, Confederate States Army, was assigned to Brigadier General P G T Beauregard, Confederate States Army, at Charleston Harbour between 11 and 31 March, 1861, and was appointed major and assistant adjutant and inspector general, Confederate States Army, on 29 March, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861. Major & Assistant Adjutant General D R Jones, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 20 June, 1861.

Note: Captain & Assistant Adjutant General D R Jones, Confederate States Army, was appointed major and assistant adjutant and inspector general, Confederate States Army, between 29 March and 30 April, 1861.

The 5th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.99: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp541-543
Colonel M Jenkins, Fifth South Carolina Infantry, dated McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 22 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.96: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp537-539
Brigadier General D R Jones, Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated near McLean’s Ford, on the Bull Run River, 23 July, 1861