The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Reserves, Army of the Potomac

Ninth South Carolina Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 27 June and 10 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 23 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL J D BLANDING
J D Blanding was appointed lieutenant colonel, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, on 8 April, 1861, dated 2 February, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 9th South Carolina Infantry, on 12 July, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry).

LIEUTENANT COLONEL D W RAY
Captain D W Ray, 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company B, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 9th South Carolina Infantry, on 12 July, 1861.

MAJOR J M STEA(E)DMAN
Captain J M Stea(e)dman, 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company K, was appointed major, 9th South Carolina Infantry, on 12 July, 1861, dated 8 July, 1861.

Company A Lancaster Greys: CAPT. J D WyLie
Captain D Barnes, Lancaster Greys, was appointed major, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, on 2 February, 1861, and the company was accepted in state service for one year, under the command of Captain J D Wylie, as part of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, at Lancaster Courthouse, Lancaster District, South Carolina, on 8 April, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry). The company was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 11 April, 1861, dated 9 April, 1861, and arrived by the South Carolina Railroad at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 2 PM on 12 April, 1861. The company was mustered in state service at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 12 April, 1861, and declined Confederate service on 19 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year as the 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, at Camp Quitman, near Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, by Acting Assistant Adjutant General T S Mills, Confederate States Army, on 27 June, 1861, dated 8 April, 1861, and Captain J D Wylie, 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, was appointed engineer, First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 3 November, 1861.
Company B States Rights Guards or Fork Troop: CAPT. R ADAMS
The company was mustered in state service for one year, under the command of Capatin D W Ray, as part of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry at Gadsden, Richland District, South Carolina, on 8 April, 1861, and arrived at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 10 April, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry). The company declined Confederate service at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 19 April, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year as the 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company B, at Camp Quitman, near Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, on 27 June, 1861, dated 8 April, 1861. Captain D W Ray and First Lieutenant R Adams, 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company B, were appointed lieutenant colonel, 9th South Carolina Infantry, and captain, 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company B, on 12 July, 1861.
Company C Clarendon Blues: CAPT. J S WHITWORTH
The company was mustered in state service for one year at Sumter, Clarendon District, South Carolina, on 4 June, 1861, and was ordered to Ridgeville, Ridgeville, South Carolina, District, South Carolina, the same day. The company was assigned as the 6th South Carolina Infantry, Company K (2nd), at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1862 , and Captain W S Brand, 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company C, was appointed captain, 6th South Carolina Infantry, Company K (2nd), on 16 April, 1862 (See the 6th South Carolina Infantry).
Company D Chicora Guards or Salem Company: CAPT. A COLcLOUGH
The company was mustered in state service for one year, under the command of Captain S D M LaCoste, at Sumter, Sumter District, South Carolina, as part of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry on 8 April, 1861, and was stationed at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry). The company declined Confederate service on 19 April, 1861, and was stationed at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding and Major D Barnes, on 3 May, 1861. Third Lieutenant A Colclough, Chicora Guards, was appointed second lieutenant, Chicora Guards, on 24 April, 1861, and the company was mustered in Confederate service for one year, under the command of Captain A Colclough, as the 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company D, at Camp Quitman, near Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, by Acting Assistant Adjutant General T S Mills, Confederate States Army, on 27 June, 1861, dated 8 April, 1861.
Company E Kershaw Troop: CAPT. E B CANTEY
The company was accepted in state service at Kershaw District, South Carolina, on 25 June, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 2 July, 1861. The company was assigned as the 6th South Carolina Infantry, Company C (3rd), at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 27 March, 1862 , and Captain E B Cantey, 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company E, was appointed captain, 6th South Carolina Infantry, Company C (3rd), on 6 April, 1862 (See the 6th South Carolina Infantry).
Company F Sumter Greys: CAPT. D W HARRINGTON
The company was accepted in state service at Sumter, Sumter District, South Carolina, on 8 June, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 4 July, 1861.
Company G Hartsville Light Infantry: CAPT. J L COKER
The company was mustered in state service for one year at Darlington Courthouse, near Hartsville, Darlington District, South Carolina, on 29 June, 1861, and was assigned as the 6th South Carolina Infantry, Company E (3rd), at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1862 (See the 6th South Carolina Infantry).
Company H Blanding Blues: CAPT. J T WALKER
The company was accepted in state service at Edgefield and Barnwell Districts, South Carolina, on 30 June, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 4 July, 1861. The company was assigned as the 6th South Carolina Infantry, Company D (2nd), at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1862 , and Captain J T Walker, 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company H, was appointed captain, 6th South Carolina Infantry, Company D (2nd), on 25 April, 1862 (See the 6th South Carolina Infantry).
Company I Cowpens Guards: CAPT. W M FOSTER
The company was mustered in state service for one year at Cowspens, Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 28 June, 1861.
Company K Pickens Sentinels: CAPT. J E LEE
The company was mustered in state service for one year at Spartanburg District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain J M Stea(e)dman, on 8 July, 1861, and Captain J M Stea(e)dman, was appointed major, 9th South Carolina Infantry, on 12 July, 1861, dated 8 July, 1861. First Lieutenant J E Lee, 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company K, was appointed captain, 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company K, on 12 July, 1861, dated 14 July, 1861.
Company Unlettered Clarendon Volunteers or Rifles: CAPT. W E KeeLS
The company was mustered in state service for one year as the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company I, at Clarendon District, South carolina, on 8 April 1861 and was disbanded on 20 June, 1861.

Sources

"The Second Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers arrived in this vicinity on Saturday morning last, via Petersburg Railroad. It numbers nearly one thousand men."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 22 July, 1861 - South Carolina Volunteers

"The arrival and departure from this city of this fine Regiment has been noticed. A majority of the companies composing the Second Regiment South Carolina Volunteers have been serving on Morris' Island since the breaking out of hostilities, and are therefore fully posted as to the duties of soldiers."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 29 July, 1861 - Blanding's South Carolina Regiment

"The 9th Regiment was organised at Ridgeville and ordered to Virginia on July 13, 1861. It left for Virginia on the eighteenth and arrived at Richmond on July 20. The regiment camped briefly in Richmond before moving by rail to Manassas, but it arrived there on the evening of July 21, too late to participate in that day's battle. The regiment moved to Centreville on July 18 and set up Camp Pettus, named after the Governor of Mississippi."

South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: The Midlands, by Robert S Seigler

Notes

The 9th South Carolina Infantry was accepted in Confederate service on 5 July, 1861, and was organised at Camp Quitman, near Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, on 12 July, 1861.

State Service

The Lancaster Greys, the States Rights Guards, and the Chicora Guards were mustered in state service for one year as part of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry on 8 April, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 1 PM the same day (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry).

Gadsden, Richland District, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, Company B, 10 April, 1861: The States Rights Guards arrived at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 10 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Richland Guards, under the command of Captain J C Bookter, and the Claremont Rifles, under the command of Captain J G Spann (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry).

Lancaster District to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, Company A, 9-12 April, 1861: The Lancaster Greys, under the command of Captain J D Wylie, was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 11 April, 1861, dated 9 April, 1861, and arrived at Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, in the evening the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Camden Branch Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3 AM on 12 April, 1861, and arrived by the South Carolina Railroad at 2 PM the same day.

Note: The Lancaster Greys was stationed at the old American Hotel, on Kings Street, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 12 and 15 April, 1861, and the States Rights Guards and the Chicora Guards was stationed at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861.

Charleston to Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, & Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, Company A, 15 & 20 April, 1861: The Lancaster Greys was ordered to proceed by the steamer Nina at the Southern Wharf, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3 PM on 15 April, 1861, and arrived at Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening the same day. The company was odered to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, in the morning on 20 April, 1861.

Note: The Lancaster Greys was ordered across the Ashley River by the Long Bridge to James Island, Charleston Harbour, at 11 PM on 14 April, 1861, and to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3 AM on 15 April, 1861, and was stationed at Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 15 and 20 April, 1861.

Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, Companies A, B, & D, 24-30 May, 1861: The Lancaster Greys, the States Rights Guards, and the Chicora Guards or Salem Company declined Confederate service on 19 April, 1861, and were stationed at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding and Major D Barnes, between 24 April, and 30 May, 1861.

Confederate Service

The Lancaster Greys, the States Rights Guards, and the Chicora Guards or Salem Company were stationed at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding and Major D Barnes, 2nd South carolina Infantry, between 24 April, and 30 May, 1861.

Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, to Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, Companies A, B, & D, 30 May, 1861: The Lancaster Greys, the States Rights Guards, the Chicora Guards or Salem Company, the Richland Guards, the Claremont Rifles, and the Clarendon Volunteers or Rifles, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding, were ordered to Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, in the afternoon on 30 May, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861, and arrived by the steamer Planter at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3 PM the same day. The Lancaster Greys, the States Rights Guards, and the Chicora Guards or Salem Company were ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Ridgeville, Colleton District, South Carolina, at 6 PM on 30 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Quitman, near Ridgeville, Colleton District, South Carolina, at 10 PM the same day.

Note: Major D Barnes, Sergeant Major J H Witherspoon, and Captain J C Bookter, Richland Guards, were ordered to set up Camp Quitman, near Ridgeville, Colleton District, South Carolina, in the evening on 28 May, 1861, and a detachment of forty men of the Lancaster Greys, under the command of Second Lieutenant J R Wade, was ordered to Ridgeville, Colleton District, South Carolina, on 29 May, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry).

Sumter, Clarendon District, to Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, Company C, 4 June, 1861: The 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company C, was ordered to Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, on 4 June, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, 27 June, 1861, dated 8 April, 1861; 27 June, 1861; & 10 July, 1861: The 9th South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, and D, were mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Quitman, near Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, by Acting Assistant Adjutant General T S Mills, Confederate States Army, on 27 June, 1861, dated 8 April, 1861; Company C for one year on 27 June, 1861; and Companies E, F, G, H, I, and K, for one year on 10 July, 1861.

Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, 18-20, July 1861: The 9th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861, and four companies arrived Wilmington & Weldon Railroad at Goldsboro, Wayne County, North Carolina, at 10 PM the same day. Six companies of the 9th South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Colonel J D Blanding, arrived by the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad at Goldsboro, Wayne County, North Carolina, at 9 AM 19 July, 1861, and the 9th South Carolina Infantry arrived by the Weldon Railroad at Petersburg, Virginia, at 7 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Richmond & petersburg Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 5 AM on 20 July, 1861, and arrived at 12 PM the same day.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 9th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.229, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Virginia, the same day.

Manassas Junction to Lee's Farm, on the Old Warrenton, Alexandria & Washington Road, 21 July, 1861: The 9th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Lee's Farm, on the Old Warrenton, Alexandria & Washington Road, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Note: The 9th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 4th South Carolina Infantry, 5th South Carolina Infantry, 6th South Carolina Infantry, 9th South Carolina Infantry

Lee's Farm, on the Old Warrenton, Alexandria & Washington Road, to Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road & Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, 29 July, 1861: The 9th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to the Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road & Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.173, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 26 July, 1861, and proceeded in the morning on 29 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Camp Pettus, near the Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road & Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon the same day.

Union Mills & Centreville Road, between the Braddock Road & Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, 12 August, 1861: The 9th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.218, Pargarpah I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 10 August, 1861, and proceeded in the morning on 12 August, 1861. The regiment arrived at Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day.

Disbanded near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 28 April, 1862: The 9th South Carolina Infantry was not reorganised on 8 April, 1862, and was disbanded near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 28 April, 1862. The 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company E, was assigned to the 6th South Carolina Infantry, Company C (3rd), at Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, on 27 March, 1862, and Companies G, H, and K as the 6th South Carolina Infantry, Companies E (3rd), D (2nd), and K (2nd), respectively, at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1862 (See the 6th South Carolina Infantry).

The 9th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, by Special Orders No.169, Pargarpah I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.