The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Reserves, Army of the Potomac

Colonel R Griffith, 12th Mississippi Infantry

Colonel R Griffith, 12th Mississippi Infantry

Twelfth Mississippi Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 23 May, 1861. Five companies arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 22 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL R GRIFFITH
R Griffith was appointed colonel, 12th Alabama Infantry, at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 23 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL W H TAYLOR
Captain W H Taylor, 12th Alabama Infantry, Company B, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 12th Alabama Infantry, at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 23 May, 1861, dated 16 May, 1861.

MAJOR J R DICKENS
Captain J R Dickens, 12th Alabama Infantry, Company E, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 12th Alabama Infantry, at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 20 May. 1861, dated 23 May, 1861.

Company A Charlie Clark Rifles: CAPT. J J McLean
The company was accepted in state service at Union Church, Jefferson County, Mississippi, on 26 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 11 March, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 5 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 5 May, 1861.
Company B Natchez Fencibles: CAPT. E M BLACKBURN
The company was accepted in state service at Natchez, Adams County, Mississippi, on 27 February, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year by Captain W S Lovell, Quitman Light Artillery, on 5 March, 1861. The company arrived at at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 5 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 5 May, 1861.
Company C Raymond Fencibles: CAPT. S B Thomas
The company was accepted in state service at Raymond, Hinds County, Mississippi, on 11 February, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year, under the command of Captain W H Taylor, on 13 March, 1861. The company was ordered to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 29 April, 1861, and arrived at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 30 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 30 April, 1861, and Captain W H Taylor, 12th Mississippi Infantry, Company C, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 12th Alabama Infantry, on 16 May, 1861. Private S B Thomas, 12th Mississippi Infantry, Company C, was appointed captain, 12th Mississippi Infantry, Company C, on 18 May, 1861.
Company D Pettus Relief or Rifles: CAPT. M B harris
The company was mustered in state service at Hazelhurst, Copiah County, Mississippi, on 11 March, 1861, and arrived at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 12 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 12 May, 1861.
Company E Sardis Blues: CAPT. R W Crump
The company was accepted in state service at Sardis, Panola County, Mississippi, 4 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year, under the command of Captain J R Dickens, on 20 April, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 8 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 8 May, 1861. First Lieutenant R W Crump, 12th Mississippi Infantry, Company E, was appointed captain, 12th Mississippi Infantry, Company E, on 16 May, 1861, and Captain J R Dickens, 12th Mississippi Infantry, Company E, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 12th Alabama Infantry, on 23 May, 1861 (See the 12th Alabama Infantry).
Company F Durant Rifles: CAPT. J A Cason
The company was accepted in state service at Durant, Holmes County, Mississippi, on 9 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 16 March, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 9 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 9 May, 1861.
Company G Vicksburg Sharpshooters: CAPT. H H MILLER
The company was accepted in state service at Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi, on 13 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 24 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Vicksburg, Shreveport & Texas Railroad to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, in the afternoon on 9 May, 1861, and arrived at Jackson, Hinds County, Mississippi, at 5 PM the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Mississippi Central Railroad to Canton, Madison County, Mississippi, at 7 PM on 9 May, 1861. The company arrived at Holly Springs, Marshall County, Mississippi, at 8 AM on 10 May, 1861, and was ordered to Grand Junction, Hardeman and Fayette Counties, Tennessee, in the evening the same day. The company arrived at Grand Junction, Hardeman and Fayette Counties, Tennessee, at 9 PM on 10 May, 1861, and by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, at 11.30 AM on 11 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861.
Company H Claiborne Guards: CAPT. H Hughes
The company was accepted in state service at Port Gibson, Claiborne County, Mississippi, on 14 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year by First Lieutenant N F Hawkins, Mississippi Rifles, 6th Mississippi State Troops, on 23 March, 1861. The company was ordered to Jackson, Hinds County, Mississippi, on 16 April, 1861, and arrived at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 10 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 10 May, 1861.
Company I Satartia Rifles: CAPT. E R Gale
The company was accepted in state service at Satartia, Yazoo County, Mississippi, on 16 March, 161, and was mustered in state service for one year on 24 April, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 12 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, om 23 May, 1861, dated 12 May, 1861.
Company K Lawrence Rifles: CAPT. R J Bowen
The company was accepted in state service at Brookhaven, Lawrence County, Mississippi, on 20 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year by Captain J R Davis, Madison Rifles, 6th Mississippi State Troops, on 30 March, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 12 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 12 May, 1861.

Sources

"The first half of the regiment, including both of our companies, reached Manassas Junction on the morning of July 22, 1861, after the battle was over."

The Confederate Veteran, Volume 10: Concerning the Twelfth Mississippi, pp355-6

"The Twelfth Mississippi reached the Manassas battlefield just in time to go quickly into the fight."

The Confederate Veteran, Volume 9: The late Col. William M. Inge, his remarkable military career, Confederate, p20

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 33, Serial No.45: Record of events for Twelfth Mississippi Infantry, March 1861-December 1864, edited by James B Hewett

Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 32: Featherstone-Posey-Harris Mississippi Brigade, pp329-337, by Captain E Howard McCaleb, of New Orleans

Roster and sketches of the several military companies which were in regular service of the Confererate States during the civil war from Yazoo County, Mississippi

Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898, taken from the official and statistical register of the State of Mississippi, 1908, by Dunbar Rowland

Notes

The 12th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 1 May, 1861, and was accepted in state service for one year on 20 May, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, 23 May, 1861, dated 30 April & 5, 8, 9, 10, & 12 May, 1861: The 12th Mississippi Infantry, Company C, was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 30 April, 1861; Companies A and B on 23 May, 1861, dated 5 May, 1861; Company E on 23 May, 1861, dated 8 May, 1861; Company F on 23 May, 1861, dated 9 May, 1861; Companies G and H on 23 May, 1861, dated 10 May, 1861; and Companies D, I, and K on 23 May, 1861, dated 12 May, 1861.

Note: Major General C Clark, Army of Mississippi, was ordered to send the 12th Mississippi Infantry and 13th Mississippi Infantry to Union City, Obion County, Tennessee, on 22 May, 1861 (See the 13th Mississippi Infantry).

Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, to Union City, Obion County, Tennessee, 1-2 June, 1861: The 12th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Mobile & Ohio Railroad to Union City, Obion County, Tennessee, via Jackson, Madison County, Tennessee, on 1 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Miller, near Union City, Obion County, Tennessee, between 1 and 2 June, 1861. The 12th Mississippi Infantry was assigned to Major General L Polk, Confederate States Army, shortly afterwards.

Note: Secretary of War L P Walker ordered Major General L Polk and Brigadier General C Clark to send the 12th Mississippi Infantry and 13th Mississippi Infantry to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 9 July, 1861.

Union City, Obion County, Tennessee, to Lynchburg, Virginia, 18-21 July, 1861: The 12th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Mobile & Ohio Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861, and arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad via Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, and Chattanooga, Hamilton County; Knoxville, Knox County; and Britsol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, on 21 July, 1861.

Lynchburg to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21-22 July, 1861: The 12th Mississippi Infantry, Companies C and H, and three other companies were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, in the morning on 22 July, 1861. The companies were assigned to guard the captured artillery pieces stationed near the Weir House, Liberia, on 23 July, 1861.

Note: The 12th Mississippi Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Second Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 5th Alabama Infantry, 6th Alabama Infantry, 12th Alabama Infantry, 12th Mississippi Infantry

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 12th Mississippi Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General C Clark, Garrison at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, 4 September, 1861: Major General C Clark, Mississippi State Militia, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 4 September, 1861. He was assigned to command the garrison at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, until 14 October, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fourth Brigade, Second Division, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 18 October, 1861 (See the Garrison at Camp Pickens).

The 12th Mississippi Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General R S Ewell, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.