The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Reserves, Army of the Potomac

Sergeant J A Breedlove, 13th North Carolina Infantry, Company G

Sergeant J A Breedlove, 13th North Carolina Infantry, Company G

Thirteenth North Carolina Infantry

Mustered in Confederate for one year service 13 July, 1861. Companies A, B, E, F, G, I, and K arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Manassas. Redesignated Twenty-third North Carolina State Troops 14 November, 1861

COLONEL J F HOKE
J F Hoke was appointed colonel, 13th North Carolina Infantry, at Garysburg, Northampton County, North Carolina, on 10 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J W LEAK
J W Leak was appointed lieutenant colonel, 13th North Carolina Infantry, at Garysburg, Northampton County, North Carolina, on 10 July, 1861.

MAJOR D H CHRISTIE
D H Christie was appointed major, 13th North Carolina Infantry, at Garysburg, Northampton County, North Carolina, on 10 July, 1861.

Company A Ellis Anson Rifles or Riflemen: CAPT. W F HARLEE
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Anson County, North Carolina, on 22 May, 1861.
Company B Carolina Riflemen or Hog Hill Guards: CAPT. G W SEAGLE
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Hog Hill, Lincoln County, North Carolina, on 23 May, 1861, and Captain G W Seagle was appointed captain, 13th North Carolina Infantry, Company B, on 15 July, 1861, dated 13 July, 1861.
Company C Montgomery Volunteers No.1: CAPT. C J COCHRAN
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Mountgomery County, North Carolina, on 27 May, 1861, and Captain C J Cochran was appointed captain, 13th North Carolina Infantry, Company C, on 15 July, 1861, dated 13 July, 1861. The company was stationed at the Camp of Instruction, near Garysburg, Northampton County, North Carolina, on 17 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Wigfall, on McLean's Farm, near the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, on 8 August, 1861.
Company D Pee Dee Guards: CAPT. L H WEBB
The company was accepted or mustered in state service at Richmond County, North Carolina, on 31 May, 1861, and was stationed at the Camp of Instruction, near Garysburg, Northampton County, North Carolina, on 17 July, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Wigfall, on McLean's Farm, near the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, on 8 August, 1861.
Company E Granville Plough Boys or Granville Targeters: CAPT. J H HORNER
The company was accepted or mustered in state service at Oxford, Granville County, North Carolina, on 5 June, 1861, and Captain J H Horner was appointed captain, 13th North Carolina Infantry, Company E, on 15 July, 1861, dated 13 July, 1861.
Company F Catawba Guards: CAPT. M L MCCORKE
The company was accepted or mustered in state service at Newton, Catawba County, North Carolina, on 6 June, 1861..
Company G Granville Rifles or Riflemen: CAPT. C C BLACKNALL
The company was accepted or mustered in state service at Granville County, North Carolina, on 11 June, 1861.
Company H Gaston Guards: CAPT. E M FAIRES
The company was accepted or mustered in state service at Gaston County, North Carolina, on 12 June, 1861, and was stationed at the Camp of Instruction, near Garysburg, Northampton County, North Carolina, on 17 July, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Wigfall, on McLean's Farm, near the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, on 8 August, 1861.
Company I Granville Stars: CAPT. R AMIS
The company was accepted or mustered in state service at Oak Hill, Granville County, North Carolina, on 17 June, 1861.
Company K Beattie's Ford Rifles: CAPT. R D JOHNSTON
The company was accepted or mustered in state service at Lincoln County, North Carolina, on 22 June, 1861.

Sources

"Among the arrivals here yesterday were Reuben Ragland, Petersburg; R. E. Dixon, A. R. Lamar, Ga. Graham Daves, N. C.; R. J. Capron, J. Wilson Hodges, Baltimore; Geo. Tyler, Caroline; Judge Walter Brooke, Vicksburg, Miss.; also a detachment of 13th N. C. State troops, Col. J. F. Hoke; several companies of South Carolina troops, and several hundred Texans, with long rifles."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 19 July, 1861 - Arrivals

"On Wednesday, 17 July, Colonel Hoke, with seven companies of the regiment, left the 'Camp of Instruction' at Garysburg, N C, in freight cars for Richmond, Va. Companies C, D and H, were for the time being necessarily left behind on account of the prevalence of measles among the men."

Roster of North Carolina troops in the War Between the States during the years 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864 and 1865, Volume 1, by John W Moore

Volunteer troops, Adjutant General's Office, 24 June 1861

Register of North Carolina troops, 1861: Adjutant and General's Office, Raleigh, N. C., 1st November, 1861

Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 25: The 23rd North Carolina Infantry, organised in 1861, as the 13th Regiment of Volunteers, by H C Wall

Histories of the several regiments and battalions from North Carolina, in the great war 1861-65 (1901), Volume 2, written by members of the respective commands and edited by Walter Clark

Notes

The 13th North Carolina Infantry was organised at Camp of Instruction, near Garysburg, Northampton County, North Carolina, on 10 July, 1861.

Mustered one year, Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, 13 July, 1861: The 13th North Carolina Infantry mustered in Confederate service for one year at Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, by Captain & Assistant Quatermaster W J Clark, Confederate States Army, on 13 July, 1861.

Garysburg, Northampton County, North Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, Companies A, B, E, F, G, I, & K, 17-18 July, 1861: The 13th North Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, E, F, G, I, and K, under the command of Colonel J F Hoke, were ordered to proceed by the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861. Companies A, B, E, F, G, I, and K were ordered to the vicinity of Rocketts, Richmond, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 13th North Carolina Infantry, Companies C, D, and H, had an outbreak of measles prior to 17 July, 1861, and were stationed at Garysburg, Northampton County, North Carolina, under the command of Major D H Christie, on 17 July, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies A, B, E, F, G, I, & K, 21 July, 1861: The 13th North Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, E, F, G, I, and K, were ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.225, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861, and proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad in the morning on 21 July, 1861. Companies A, B, E, F, G, I, and K were delayed at Rappahannock Bridge, near Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, by allowing trains containing the wounded at the first battle of Manassas to proceed at Louisa Courthouse, Louisa County, Virginia, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, to McLean's Farm, near the intersection of Union Mills & Hooe's Hill Roads, 22 July, 1861: The 13th North Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, E, F, G, I, and K, was ordered to McLean's Farm, near the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, on 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Wigfall, on McLean's Farm, near the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, the same day.

Note: The 13th North Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Sixth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Sixth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 24th Virginia Infantry, 5th North Carolina States Troops, 11th North Carolina Infantry, 13th North Carolina Infantry

Garysburg, Northampton County, North Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, Companies C, D, & H, 5-6 August, 1861: The 13th North Carolina Infantry, Companies C, D, and H, under the command of MajorD H Christie, were ordered to proceed by the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 5 August, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction via Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 6 August, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies C, D, & H, 8 August, 1861: The 13th North Carolina Infantry, Companies C, D, and H, under the command of Captain C J Cochrane, Company C, were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.245, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 August, 1861.

McLean's Farm, near the intersection of Union Mills & Hooe's Hill Roads, to Wolf Run Shoals Ford, on the Occoquan River, 23 August, 1861: The 13th North Carolina Infantry was ordered to Wolf Run Shoals Ford, on the Occoquan River, by Special Orders No.257, Paragraph II, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 August, 1861, and proceeded on 23 August, 1861. The regiment arrived at Camp Ellis, near Wolf Run Shoals Ford, on the Occoquan River, the same day.

Wolf Run Shoals Ford, on the Occoquan River, to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 29 August, 1861: The 13th North Carolina Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.280, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 29 August, 1861.

Redesignated 23rd North Carolina State Troops: The 13th North Carolina Infantry was redesignated the 23rd North Carolina Troops on 14 November, 1861.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 23rd North Carolina State Troops, under the command of Captain A D Peace, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

North Carolina State Troops, 8 May, 1861: Ten regiments of North Carolina State Troops, numbering 1st to 10th, were organised to serve during the war on 8 May, 1861, and thirteen regiments of volunteers for twelve months service were authorised, numbering 1st to 8th and 10th to 14th on 10 May, 1861. Special Orders No.222, Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, 14 November, 1861, authorised the original ten regiments of state troops to keep their numbering and the volunteers to be redesignated and all units were subsequently known as North Carolina State Troops.

The 13th North Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Sixth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel J A Early, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.