The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Reserves, Army of the Potomac

Private W E Simms, 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry

Private W E Simms, 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry

Twenty-first Mississippi Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for the war between 4 June and 9 August, 1861. Companies A, B, C, D, and E arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 22 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Manassas. Resdesignated Twenty-first Mississippi Infantry 16 October, 1861

COLONEL B G HUMPHREYS
Captain B G Humphreys, 21st Mississippi Infantry, Company I, was appointed colonel, 21st Mississippi Infantry, on 11 September, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL W L BRANDON
Captain W L Brandon, 21st Mississippi Infantry, Company D, was appointed major, 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, on 11 June, 1861, and lieutenant colonel, on 20 July, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel W L Brandon, 21st Mississippi Infantry, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 21st Mississippi Infantry, on 26 September, 1861.

MAJOR J G TAYLOR
J G Taylor was appointed major, 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, on 17 July, 1861, and lieutenant colonel, 2nd Mississippi Battalion Infantry, on 1 November, 1861.

Company A Vicksburg or Volunteer Southrons: CAPT. D N Moody
The company was accepted in state service at Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi, on 15 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 29 May, 1861, dated 23 May, 1861, and arrived on 4 June, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 5 June, 1861, and Captain D N Moody, 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, Company A, was appointed major, 21st Mississippi Infantry, on 1 November, 1861.
Company B Manlove's Company: CAPT. T B Manlove
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi, on 20 May, 1861, was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, in the morning on 26 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 4 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 2nd Mississippi Battaion Infantry, Company G, at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J G Taylor, 2nd Mississippi Battaion Infantry, by Special Orders No.71, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 28 March, 1862.
Company C Stephen Rifles or Guards: CAPT. W C F Brooks
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Brookhaven, Lincoln County, Mississippi, on 25 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.60, Paragraph II, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 5 June, 1861, dated same day and arrived on 9 June, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, by Captain W C Holt, Confederate States Army, on 13 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.
Company D Jeff(erson) Davis Guards: CAPT. J Sims
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Woodville, Wilkinson County, Mississippi, under the command of Captian W L Brandon, on 24 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.58, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, the same day. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 5 June, 1861, and Captian W L Brandon and First Lieutenant J Sims, Jefferson Davis Guards, were appointed major, 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, and captain, 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, Company D, on 11 June, 1861.
Company E Hurricane Rifles: CAPT. I D Stamps
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Woodville, Wilkinson County, Mississippi, on 6 June, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, on 20 June, 1861, and arrived at Richmond, Virginia, on 29 June, 1861.
Company F Tallahatchie Rifles: CAPT. W H Fitzgerald
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Tallahatchie County, Mississippi, on 25 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 7 July, 1861.
Company G Madison Guards: CAPT. W H Dudley
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Canton, Madison County, Mississippi, on 1 July, 1861, and was was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 15 July, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.
Company H Warren Volunteers: CAPT. T V Noland
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Bovina, Warren County, Mississippi, on 2 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Vicksburg, Shreveport & Texas Railroad to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, at 3 PM the same day. The company arrived by the Southern (Mississippi) Railroad at Meridian, Lauderdale County, Mississippi, at 12 PM the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Mobile & Ohio Railroad to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, in the evening on 2 July, 1861, and arrived on 3 July, 1861. The company was assigned to the 4th Mississippi Battalion Infantry between 3 and 6 July, 1861, and to the 20th Mississippi Infantry on 6 July, 1861. The company arrived by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad at Iuka, Tishomingo County, Mississippi, on 7 July, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, on 15 July, 1861. The company arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad on 17 July, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 18 July, 1861, dated 5 August, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 27 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 29 July, 1861.
Company I Sunflower Guards: CAPT. T S Gibson
The company was accepted in Confederate service, under the command of Captain B G Humphreys, at Sunflower County, Mississippi, on 2 July, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, on 31 July, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 9 August, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 10 August, 1861. Captain B G Humphreys and First Lieutenant T S Gibson, 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, Company I, were appointed colonel, 21st Mississippi Infantry, and captain, 21st Mississippi Infantry, Company I, on 11 September, 1861.
Company K New Albany Greys: CAPT. N M Blackwell
The company was accepted in Confederate service under the command of Captain R W Flournoy, at New Albany, Union County, Mississippi, on 16 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph III, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, the same day. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861. Captain R W Flournoy's resignation due to disability was accepted by Special Orders No.92, Paragraph V, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 9 July, 1861, and he was discharged on 15 July, 1861. Second Lieutenant N M Blackwell, New Albany Greys, was appointed captain, New Albany Greys, at Richmond, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861, and the company was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.132, Paragraph XIII, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 23 August, 1861. The company proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 1 September 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, the same day.
Company L Vicksburg Confederates: CAPT. R C Green
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi, on 1 August, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, on 19 August, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 16 September, 1861.

Sources

"The steamboat Gen. Quitman, Capt. White, which arrived this morning, brought down the Jeff Davis Guards, from Fort Adams, and the United Guards, from Donaldsonville."

The Times-Picayune, 30 May, 1861 - Arrival of more troops, ammunition, & c.

"My brother returned this evening. He did not suceed in joining the Monticello Guard from Carroll Parish. They had gone up the river, but he joined the Jeff Davis Guards at Vicksburg, and was elected 3rd lieutenant. It is an Irish company officered by Americans. It was raised by Dr. Buckner and Capt. Manlove, and if my brother had seen either of them on his way to New Orleans, they would have given him captaincy. Tom Manlove is captain. Uncle Bo cannot join it as private, as association would not be pleasant; and he is so disappointed not to be with my brother. He hopes to get in the Volunteer Southrons, which will leave Vicksburg in a few days. The Jeff Davis Guards leave for Richmond (Va.) on Monday, and so my brother and Uncle Bo get off in the morning as early as possible."

Brokenburn: The journal of Kate Stone 1861-68, edited by John Q Anderson

"The Volunteer Southrons, of Vicksburg, Mississippi, Capt. Moody, numbering 110 rank and file, one of the most substantial looking companies we have seen for many a day, arrived in Richmond yesterday."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 5 June, 1861

"On the 19th July we were ordered to be ready to set out for Manassas. We reported at the depôt, but could not go forward for want of transportation, preference being given to Hampton's Legion, in consequence of their having artillery."

The University memorial: Biographical sketches of alumni of the University of Virginia who fell in the Confederate War, five volumes in one, by Rev John Lipscomb Johnson, B A

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 33, Serial No.45: Record of events for Twenty-first Mississippi Infantry, May 1861-March 1865, edited by James B Hewett

Crimson Confederates: Harvard men who fought for the South, by Helen Trimpi

Notes

The 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, under the command of Major W L Brandon, was organised at Camp Davis, Howard's Grove, on the Mechanicsville Turnpike, near Richmond, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861.

Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi, to Richmond, Virginia, Company B, 26 May-1 June, 1861: Captain T B Manlove's Company was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 26 May, 1861, and arrived on 1 June, 1861, respectively.

Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi, to Richmond, Virginia, Company A, 29 May-4 June, 1861: The Vicksburg Southrons was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 29 May, 1861, dated 23 May, 1861, and arrived on 4 June, 1861.

Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi, to Richmond, Virginia, Company D, 30 May, 1861: The Jeff(erson) Davis Guards was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.58, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 May, 1861, and arrived by the steamer General J A Quitman at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, in the morning on 30 May, 1861. The company was accompanied by the United Guards or Poenix Company (See the 8th Louisiana Infantry).

Brookhaven, Lincoln County, Mississippi, to Richmond, Virginia, Company C, 5-9 June, 1861: The Stephen Rifles was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.60, Paragraph II, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 5 June, 1861, dated 25 May, 1861, and arrived at Richmond, Virginia, on 9 June, 1861.

Woodville, Wilkinson County, Mississippi, to Richmond, Virginia, Company E, 17-29 June, 1861: The Hurricane Rifles was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and arrived via New Orleans, Orleans parish, Louisiana, on 29 June, 1861.

New Albany, Union County, Mississippi, to Richmond, Virginia, Company K, 26 June, 1861: The New Albany Greys was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph III, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 16 May, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad via Lynchburg, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.

Mustered in war, Richmond & Lynchburg, Virginia, 4, 5, 13, 17 & 26 June; 7, 15, & 18 July; 9 & 19 August, 1861: The 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, Company B, was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 4 June, 1861; Companies A and D on 5 June, 1861; Company C by Captain W C Holt, Confederate States Army, on 13 June, 1861; Company K at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861; Company E at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, on 26 June, 1861; Company F at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 7 July, 1861; Company G on 15 July, 1861; Company H on 18 July, 1861, dated 5 August, 1861; Company I on 9 August, 1861, and Company L at Richmond, Virginia, on 19 August, 1861.

First Mississippi Battalion Infantry

Richmond, Virginia, Companies A, C, D, E, F, & K, 17 July, 1861: The Vicksburg Southrons, the Stephen Rifles, the Jefferson Davis Guards, the Hurricane Rifles, the Tallahatchie Rifles, the New Albany Greys, and the Rocky Point Rifles were assigned to the 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W L Brandon and Major J G Taylor, at Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.224, Paragraph IX, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, D, & E, 20-22 July, 1861: The 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, and E, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W L Brandon and Major J G Taylor, were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.224, Paragraph X, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, in the afternoon on 20 July, 1861, dated 17 July, 1861, but were detained by a collison on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at 9 PM the same day. Companies A, B, C, D, and E arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, in the morning on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, and E, were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 19 July, 1861, but were delayed by the departure of the Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry (See the Hampton Legion). The collison on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad killed and wounded thirty-two men of the 1st Kentucky Battalion Infantry, under the command of Major T Claiborne, Jr., at 9 PM on 20 July, 1861 (See the 1st Kentucky Battalion Infantry).

Lynchburg to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Company G, 23-25 July, 1861: The 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, Company G, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 25 29 July, 1861.

Lynchburg to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Company H, 27-29 July, 1861: The 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, Companies H and I, were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.234, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia,on 27 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 29 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry was assigned to garrison duty at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.165, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, and to the Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, 13th Mississippi Infantry, 17th Mississippi Infantry, 18th Mississippi Infantry

Lynchburg to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Company I, 27 July & 10 August, 1861: The 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, Company I, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.234, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 27 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 10 August, 1861.

Note: The 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, Company F, was mustered in Confederate service at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major H L Clay, assistant adjutant general, Confederate States Army, on 7 July, 1861; Company G on 15 July, 1861; Company H on 17 July, 1861, and Company I on 9 August, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies K & L, 1 & 16 September, 1861: The New Albany Greys and the Vicksburg Confederates arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 1 and 16 September, 1861, respectively, and were assigned to the 21st Mississippi Infantry, Companies K and L, respectively, on 26 September, 1861.

Twenty-First Mississippi Infantry

The 21st Mississippi Infantry was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 9 November, 1861, and arrived on 12 November, 1861.

Redesignated, 21st Mississippi Infantry, Manassas Junction, Virginia, 26 September, 1861: The 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry was redesignated the 21st Mississippi Infantry, under the command of Colonel G B Humphreys, Lieutenant Colonel W L Brandon, and Major J G Taylor, on 26 September, 1861.

Manassas Junction to Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 28 March, 1862: The 21st Mississippi Infantry, Company B, was assigned to the 2nd Mississippi Battalion Infantry, Company G, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J G Taylor, stationed at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.71 on 28 March, 1862, and the 2nd Mississippi Battalion Infantry was redesignated the 48th Mississippi Infantry on 19 January, 1863.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 21st Mississippi Infantry, under the command of Captain G R Cherry, 17th Mississippi Infantry, Company C, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.