The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Reserves, Army of the Potomac

Lieutenant Colonel T O'Hara, 12th Alabama Infantry

Lieutenant Colonel T O'Hara, 12th Alabama Infantry

Twelfth Alabama Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year and the war 17 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 22 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL R T JONES
Lieutenant Colonel R T Jones, Alabama (Militia) Volunteers, was appointed colonel, 12th Alabama Infantry, on 17 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL T O'HARA
Captain T O'Hara, infantry, Confederate States Army, was on recruiting duty at Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, on 5 June, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.64, Paragraph VII, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861. He was assigned to Brigadier General J H Winder, Confederate States Army, at Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.85, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, 12th Alabama Infantry, on 17 July, 1861.

MAJOR J C BROWN
Captain E D Tracy, 4th Alabama Infantry, Company I, was appointed major, 12th Alabama Infantry, on 17 July, 1861, but declined and was apponted lieutenant colonel, 19th Alabama Infantry, on 14 August, 1861 (See the 4th Alabama Infantry). Captain J C Brown, 12th Alabama Infantry, Company D, was appointed major on 9 November, 1861.

Company A Lafayette Guards or Garde Lafayette: CAPT. G HEULLY
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, on 4 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Mobile & Ohio Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861.
Company B Coosa Volunteers: CAPT. J H BRADFORD
The company was accepted in Confederate service for the war at Camp Bradford, Coosa County, Alabama, on 17 June, 1861.
Company C Mobile Independent Rifles: CAPT. A STiKES
The company was accepted in Confedearte service for one year at Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, on 27 May, 1861, and was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, 30 June, 1861.
Company D Coffee County Rangers or Volunteers: CAPT. J C BROWN
The company was accepted in Confederate service for the war at Coffee County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, the same day. The company was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861, and Captain J C Brown, Coffee County Rangers, was appointed major, 12th Alabama Infantry, on 9 November, 1861. First Lieutenant E Tucker, 12th Alabama Infantry, Company D, was appointed captain on 22 November, 1861.
Company E DeKalb Invincibles: CAPT. R W HIGGINS
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at DeKalb County, Alabama, on 13 June, 1861.
Company F Macon Confederates: CAPT. R F LIGON
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Tuskegee, Macon County, Alabama, 12 June, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, in the evening on 26 June, 1861.
Company G Paint Rock River Sharpshooters or North Alabama Sharpshooters: CAPT. A S BIBB
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Paint Rock, Jackson County, Alabama, on 20 June, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.
Company H Magnolia Rifles or Guards: CAPT. B B GAYLE
The company was accepted in Confederate service for the war at Decatur, Morgan and Limestone Counties, Alabama, on 8 July, 1861.
Company I Southern Foresters: CAPT. W T WALTHALL
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, on 8 June, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861.
Company K Tom Watts Rebels: CAPT. W H C PRICE
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Auburn, Macon County, Alabama, on 10 July, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.252, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 16 August, 1861.

Seizure of Mount Vernon Arsenal, 4 January, 1861

Colonel D Deadbetter, Special Aid to Governor A B Moore

Four companies of the 1st Alabama Volunteer Corps, under the command of Colonel D Deadbetter, Special Aid to Governor A B Moore, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Selma on the Mobile River to seize Mount Vernon Arsenal, near Mount Vernon, Washington County, Alabama, at 11 PM on 3 January, 1861, and arrived in the morning on the 4 January, 1861.

Detachment of 1st Alabama Volunteer Corps, 3-4 January, 1861: Colonel D Deadbetter, Special Aid to Governor A B Moore; Lafayette Guards or Garde Lafayette, Captain A Belloc, Jr.; Washington Light Infantry, Captain A Gracie, Jr.; Mobile Rifles, Captain L T Woodruff; German Fusiliers, First Lieutenant J P Emerich

Seizure of Mount Vernon Arsenal, near Mount Vernon, Washington County, Alabama, 4 January, 1861: Captain J L Reno, United States Ordnance, surrendered Mount Vernon Arsenal, near Mount Vernon, Washington County, Alabama, in the morning on 4 January, 1861.

Source

Another company, the 'Macon Confederates,' Capt. Ligon, left here last night, being the third company which has gone from Tuskegee to drive back or cut off the invading foe who dares pollute Southern soil.

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 5 July, 1861 - Letter from Alabama - Tuskegee, Macon County, Alabama, 27 June, 1861

Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33: The Twelfth Alabama Infantry, Confederate States Army, by Robert E Park, late captain, Company E, 12th Alabama Infantry

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 1, Serial No.13: Record of events for Twelfth Alabama Infantry, May 1861-October 1864, edited by James B Hewett

Theodore O'Hara: Poet-soldier of the old South, by Nathaniel Cheairs Hughes

Alabama: Her history, resources, war record, and public men from 1540 to 1872, by Willis Brewer

Notes

The 12th Alabama Infantry, Companies A, C, E, F, G, I, and K, were accepted in Confederate service for one year between 27 May and 10 July, 1861, and Companies B, D, and H for the war between 23 May and 8 July, 1861.

State Service

Mount Vernon Arsenal, near Mount Vernon, Washington County, Alabama, Company A, 4 January-2 March, 1861: The Lafayette Guards or Garde Lafayette, 1st Alabama Volunteer Corps, under the command of Captain A Belloc, Jr., was ordered to proceed by the steamer Selma on the Mobile River to seize Mount Vernon Arsenal, near Mount Vernon, Washington County, Alabama, at 11 PM on 3 January, 1861, and was accompanied by Washington Light Infantry, the Mobile Rifles, and German Fusiliers, under the command of the Colonel D Deadbetter, Special Aid to Governor A B Moore. The company arrived at Mount Vernon Arsenal, near Mount Vernon, Washington County, Alabama, in the morning on 4 January, 1861.

Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, Company B, 3-4 January, 1861: The Mobile Independent Rifles, 1st Alabama Volunteer Corps, was ordered to proceed by the steamer Kate Dale to seize Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, under the command of Colonel J B Todd, at 11 PM on 3 January, 1861, and was accompanied by the Mobile Cadets and the Mobile Continental (Mobile) State Artillery or State (Alabama) Artillery, 1st Alabama Volunteer Corps. The Mobile Independent Rifles arrived at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, at 3 AM on the 4 January, 1861 (See the 5th Alabama Infantry).

Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, Company C, 28 February-5 April, 1861: The Coosa Volunteers was stationed at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, between 28 February and 5 April, 1861 (See the 5th Alabama Infantry).

Confederate Service

The 12th Alabama Infantry was organised at Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.224, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Mustered in one year & war, Richmond, Virginia, 17 July, 1861: The 12th Alabama Infantry, Companies A, C, E, F, G, I, and K, were mustered in Confederate service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861, and Companies B, D, and H for the war on 17 July, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21-22 July, 1861: The 12th Alabama Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, and I, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T O'Hara, were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 12th Alabama Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, and I, were assigned to bury the Federal dead on 22 July, 1861.

Manassas Junction to Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, 22 July, 1861: The 12th Alabama Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, H, and I, were ordered across Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 12th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Second Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 5th Alabama Infantry, 6th Alabama Infantry, 12th Alabama Infantry, 12th Mississippi Infantry

Sangster's or Elzey's Crossroads, Prince William County, Virginia, 26 August, 1861: The 12th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Camp Masked Battery, near Sangster's or Elzey's Crossroads, Prince William County, Virginia, on 26 August, 1861.

Note: The Tom Watts Rebels was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 16 August, 1861, and was assigned to the 12th Alabama Infantry, Company K, near Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, the same day. Colonel R T Jones arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, in September 1861.

Reorganised, Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 28 April, 1862: The 12th Alabama Infantry was reorganised at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 28 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 12th Alabama Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Lieutenant Colonel T O'Hara, 12th Alabama Infantry: The Alabama Light Dragoons, under the command of Captain T O'Hara, arrived by the steamer Oregon at Fort San Carlos de Barrancas, near Warrington, Escambia County, Florida, in the evening on 15 January, 1861 (See the 11th Mississippi Infantry). Captain T O'Hara was discharged by Brigadier General B Bragg, Confederate States Army, on 11 March, 1861, and was appointed captain, Confederate States Army, on 16 March, 1861. He was assigned to recruiting duty at Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi, by General Orders No.6, Adjutant & Inpector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, 22 April, 1861. Captain T O'Hara was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, in June 1861 and was appointed, lieutenant colonel, 12th Alabama Infantry, on 17 July, 1861.

Note: The Alabama Light Dragoons and the South Alabama Rangers were stationed at Fort McRee, Perdido Key, Escambia County, Florida, under the command of Captain T O'Hara, Alabama Light Dragoons, on 2 March, 1861.

The 12th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General R S Ewell, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.