The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Reserves, Army of the Potomac

Colonel W D Smith, 20th Georgia Infantry

Colonel W D Smith, 20th Georgia Infantry

Twentieth Georgia Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for the war 13 July, 1861. Companies A, B, C, D, and I, were ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL W D SMITH
Major & Assistant Adjutant General W D Smith, 1st Georgia Regular Infantry, was appointed lieutenant colonel, Confederate States Army, at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and was appointed colonel, Confederate States Army, on 14 July, 1861. Colonel W D Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry by Special Orders No.228, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J B CUMMING
Acting Major & Captain J B Cumming, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 20th Georgia Infantry, on 5 September, 1861.

MAJOR J A JONES
Captain J A Jones, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company I, was appointed major, 20th Georgia Infantry, on 20 August, 1861.

Company A Sparks Guards : CAPT. A B Ross
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Macon, Bibb County, Georgia, under the command of Captain J B Cumming, on 17 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.58, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Camp Fairfield, Fairfield Racecourse, opposite Howard's Grove, on the Mechanicsville Turnpike, one mile northeast of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia,  on 2 June, 1861, and Captain J B Cumming, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 20th Georgia Infantry, on 5 September, 1861. First Lieutenant A B Ross, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company A, was appointed captain, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company A, on 14 September, 1861.
Company B Border Rangers, Muscogee Mounted Guards or Light Infantry: CAPT. J A Strother
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Columbus, Muscogee County, Georgia, on 23 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Muscogee or Southwestern Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 13 June, 1861, dated the same day. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.
Company C Jefferson Guards: CAPT. R L Gamble
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Louisville, Jefferson County, Georgia, on 14 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861.
Company D Toombs Rangers: CAPT. J D Waddell
The company was accepted in state service at Cedartown, Polk County, Georgia, on 1 June, 1861, and was stationed at Rome, Floyd County, Georgia, on 29 June, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861.
Company E Whitesville Guards: CAPT. L C Norwood
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Whitesville, Harris County, Georgia, on 27 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861.
Company F Confederate Continentals or Sentinels: CAPT. E M Seago
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, 18 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861.
Company G Ivey Guards: CAPT. J R Ivey
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Columbus, Muscogee County, Georgia, on 15 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Muscogee or Southwestern Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 26 July, 1861.
Company H Telfair Volunteers: CAPT. H J Smith
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Telfair County, Georgia, on 20 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861. Captain H J Smith, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company H, resigned at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 24 September, 1861, and First Lieutenant J A Coffee, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company H, was appointed captain, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company H, on 3 October, 1861.
Company I Southern Guards: CAPT. V A LEONARD
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Columbus, Fulton County, Georgia, under the command of Captain J A Jones, on 23 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.58, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 May, 1861. The company proceeded by the Muscogee or Southwestern Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate servicefor the war at Camp Fairfield, Fairfield Racecourse, opposite Howard's Grove, on the Mechanicsville Turnpike, one mile northeast of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia,  on 2 June, 1861. Captain J A Jones, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company I, was appointed major, 20th Georgia Infantry, on 20 August, 1861, and First Lieutenant V A Leonard, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company I, was appointed captain, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company I, on 2 September, 1861.
Company K Montgomery Guards: CAPT. J F Cleveland
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Augusta, Richmond County, Georgia, on 8 August, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 17 August, 1861. The company was assigned to the 20th Georgia Infantry, Company K, by Special Orders No.171, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 4 October, 1981.

Fourth Battalion Georgia Infantry

Lieutenant Colonel J T Mercer
First Lieutenant J T Mercer, 1st United States Dragoons, Company F, resigned on 26 April, 1861, and was appointed first lieutenant, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 27 April, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th Georgia Battalion Infantry, on 19 July, 1861.

The 4th Georgia Battalion Infantry was organised at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.234, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J T Mercer, on 27 July, 1861.

Note: Major J T Mercer, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry at Camp Fairfield, Fairfield Racecourse, opposite Howard's Grove, on the Mechanicsville Turnpike, one mile northeast of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.224, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Mustered in for war, Richmond & Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, 25 June; 2, 8, 10, 28 & 29 July; & 3 & 28 August, 1861: The Campbell Guards was mustered in Confederate States service for the war at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861; the Floyd Sharpshooters at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, for the war on 2 July, 1861; the Cedartown Guards for the war on 8 July, 1861; the Silver Greys for the war on 10 July, 1861; the Ben Hill Infantry for the war at Richmond Virginia, on 28 July, 1861; the Atlanta Volunteers and the Dabney Rifles for the war on 29 July, 1861; the Stewart Infantry for the war on 3 August, 1861; and the Bartow Avengers for the war on 28 August, 1861.

Organisation of 4th Georgia Battalion Infantry, 27 July-5 September, 1861: Lieutenant Colonel J T Mercer, Major J J Morrison; Company A, Campbell Guards, Captain T C Glover; Company B, Floyd Sharpshooters, Captain A S Hamilton; Company C, Atlanta Volunteers, Captain J F Waddail; Company D, Cedartown Guards, Captain S A Borders; Company E, Sardis Volunteers, Captain J R Hart; Company F, Ben Hill Infantry, Captain J T Boykin; Company G, Dabney Rifles, Captain W Kinman; Company H, Silver Greys, Captain J C Nisbet; Company I, Stewart Infantry, Captain M Lynch

Twenty-first Georgia Infantry

Colonel J T Mercer
Lieutenant Colonel J T Mercer, 4th Georgia Battalion Infantry, was appointed colonel, 21st Georgia Infantry, on 27 September, 1861.

The Bartow Avengers, under the command of Captain J B Akridge, was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, assigned to the 4th Georgia Battalion Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J T Mercer, by Special Orders No.144, Paragraph IX, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 5 September, 1861.

Organisation of 21st Georgia Infantry, 5 September, 1861: Colonel J T Mercer, Lieutenant Colonel J J Morrison, Major T W Hooper; Company A, Campbell Guards, Captain T C Glover; Company B, Floyd Sharpshooters, Captain A S Hamilton; Company C, Atlanta Volunteers, Captain J F Waddail; Company D, Cedartown Guards, Captain S A Borders; Company E, Sardis Volunteers, Captain J R Hart; Company F, Ben Hill Infantry, Captain J T Boykin; Company G, Dabney Rifles, Captain W Kinman; Company H, Silver Greys, Captain J C Nisbet; Company I, Stewart Infantry, Captain M Lynch; Company K, Bartow's Avengers, Captain J B Akridge

Independent Alabama, Georgia, & Louisiana Battalion Volunteers, Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, Company B, 2 July, 1861: The Floyd Sharpshooters was stationed at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, under the temporary command of Acting Colonel & Captain R A Hardaway, Hardaway's Alabama Volunteers or Light Infantry, on 2 July, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).

Note: The Bartow's Avengers was mustered in Confederate States service for the war on 17 August, 1861.

Source

"The following companies were organised into a battalion in Virginia by Pres. Davis."

The Southern Confederacy, 25 July, 1861 - Third Battalion

"The following companies Georgia Companies now here, have been organised into a battalion uner the command of Major J. T. Mercer, of Terrell county, towit: Sparks Guards, Captain Cumming; Southern Guards, Captain Jones; Border Rangers, Captain Strother; Jefferson Guards, Captain Gamble; Whitesville Guards, Captain Norwood, and Toombs Rangers, Captain Waddell. They leave tomorrow for Manassas."

The Southern Confederacy, 25 July, 1861

Historical sketch and roster of the Georgia 20th Infantry Regiment, by John C Rigdon

Notes

The 20th Georgia Infantry was organised for the war at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 17 August, 1861.

Detachment of Alabama, Louisiana, & Georgia Volunteers, Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, Company D, 2 July, 1861: The Toombs Rangers was stationed at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, under the temporary command of Acting Colonel & Captain R A Hardaway, Hardaway's Alabama Volunteers or Light Infantry, on 2 July, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).

Mustered in war, Richmond & Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, 2, 6, & 19 June; 1, 20 & 26 July; & 17 August, 1861: The 20th Georgia Infantry, Companies A and I, were mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861; Company H for the war on 6 June, 1861; Company B for the war on 19 June, 1861; Company C for the war on 1 July, 1861; and Company D for the war at Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861; Company E for the war at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861; Company F for the war on 20 July, 1861; Company G for the war on 26 July, 1861; and Company K for the war on 17 August, 1861.

Special Orders No.51, Paragraph III, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, 16 May, 1861: The Toombs Rangers was ordered to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph III, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 16 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, Company B, 23 May, 1861: The Border Rangers or Muscogee Light Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Muscogee or Southwestern Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.58, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, 24 May, 1861: The Sparks Guards and the Southern Guards were ordered to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.58, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 May, 1861.

Richmond & Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad & Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Company A, 3 June & 2 July, 1861: The Spark Guards (92) was stationed at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861, and at Camp Lee (114), Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad and Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861.

Richmond & Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad & Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Company B, 22 June & 2 July, 1861: The Border Rangers (104) was stationed at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861, and at Camp Lee, Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad and Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861.

Richmond & several tobacco warehouses, on Franklin Street, south of Libby Prison, one mile southeast of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Company E, 2 & 17 August, 1861: The Whitesville Guards (44) was stationed at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861, and at several tobacco warehouses, on Franklin Street, south of Libby Prison, one mile southeast of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 17 August, 1861.

James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Company F, 18 July-18 August, 1861: The Confederate Continentals or Sentinels (79) was stationed on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, between 18 July and 18 August, 1861.

James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Company G, 25 July-12 August, 1861: The Ivy Guards (83) was stationed on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, between 25 July and 12 August, 1861.

Richmond & Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad & Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Company I, 6 June & 2 July, 1861: The Southern Guards (72) was stationed at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861, and at Camp Lee (81), Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad and Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861.

Note: The Jefferson Guards was stationed at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861; the Telfair Volunteers on 12 August, 1861; and the Montgomery Guards on 19 August, 1861.

Third Georgia Battalion Infantry

The Border Rangers, the Jefferson Guards, the Toomb Rangers, the Whitesville Guards, and the Southern Guards were stationed at Camp Lee, Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, Bush Hill, on the Bush Hill Plank Road, northwest of Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861.

Special Orders No.224, Paragraph VIII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, 17 July, 1861: The Border Rangers, the Jefferson Guards, the Toomb Rangers, the Whitesville Guards, and the Southern Guards were assigned to the 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry, under the command of Major J T Mercer, at Camp Fairfield, Fairfield Racecourse, opposite Howard's Grove, on the Mechanicsville Turnpike, one mile northeast of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.224, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Note: Major J T Mercer, 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th Georgia Battalion Infantry, at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861.

Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, Bush Hill, on the Bush Hill Plank Road, northwest of Richmond, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, & I, 23 July, 1861: The 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, and I, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W D Smith, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.228, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861.

Note: W D Smith was appointed lieutenant colonel, Confederate States Army, on 13 July, 1861, and was assigned to the 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry by Special Orders No.228, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861.

Special Orders No.165, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, D, & I, 25 July, 1861: The 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W D Smith and Acting Major & Captain J B Cumming, was assigned to garrison duty at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.165, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861 (See the Camp Pickens Garrison).

Special Orders No.234, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Companies E, F, & G, 27 July, 1861: The Confederate Sentinels, the Ivey Guards, and the Telfair Volunteers (231) were assigned to the 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.234, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 27 July, 1861

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Companies E, F, G, & H, 12 August, 1861: The Whitesville Guards, the Confederate Sentinels, the Ivey Guards, and the Telfair Volunteers were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.247, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, in the evening on 12 August, 1861, dated 10 August, 1861, and were accompanied by the Stewart Infantry, under the command of Captain M Lynch.

Note: The Stewart Infantry was assigned to the 4th Georgia Battalion Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J T Mercer, by Special Orders No.252, Paragraph IV, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 16 August, 1861.

Twentieth Georgia Infantry

The 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry was stationed at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, between 30 July and 3 August, 1861.

Mason's Hill, two & a half miles southwest of Baileys Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, 3-4 September, 1861: The 20th Georgia Infantry arrived at Mason's Hill, two and a half miles southwest of Baileys Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 3 and 4 September, 1861.

Fairfax Station & Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, Company K, 4 October, 1861: The Montgomery Guards was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 17 August, 1861, and was assigned to the 20th Georgia Infantry, Company K, between Fairfax Station and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.171, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 4 October, 1981.

Fairfax Station & Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 7 October, 1861: The 20th Georgia Infantry was assigned to Early's Brigade, Van Dorn's Division, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, between Fairfax Station and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 7 October, 1861.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 20th Georgia Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel W D Smith, 20th Georgia Infantry: Captain W D Smith, 2nd United States Dragoons, resigned on 28 January, 1861, and was appointed captain, cavalry (afterwards infantry), Confederate States Army, and major, 1st Georgia Regular Infantry, on 15 March, 1861. Major & Assistant Adjutant General W D Smith, 1st Georgia Regular Infantry, was stationed at Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia, under the command of to Brigadier General A R Lawton, Confederate States Army, on 24 June, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Cavalry).

The 20th Georgia Infantry was assigned to Early's Brigade, Van Dorn's Division, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Mjor General E Van Dorn, on 7 October, 1861.