The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Reserves, Army of the Potomac

Colonel W D Smith, 20th Georgia Infantry

Colonel W D Smith, 20th Georgia Infantry

Twentieth Georgia Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for the war 13 July, 1861. Companies A, B, C, D, and I, were ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 23 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL W D SMITH
Captain W D Smith, 2nd United States Dragoons, Company F, resigned on 28 January, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, Georgia Army, at Richmond, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Cavalry). Lieutenant Colonel W D Smith was appointed colonel, Georgia Army, on 14 July, 1861, and was assigned to the 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry by Special Orders No.228, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J B CUMMING
Acting Major & Captain J B Cumming, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 20th Georgia Infantry, on 5 September, 1861.

MAJOR J A JONES
Captain J A Jones, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company I, was appointed major, 20th Georgia Infantry, on 20 August, 1861.

Company A Sparks Guards : CAPT. A B Ross
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Macon, Bibb County, Georgia, under the command of Captain J B Cumming, on 17 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.58, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Camp Fairfield, near Richmond, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861, and Captain J B Cumming, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 20th Georgia Infantry, on 5 September, 1861. First Lieutenant A B Ross, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company A, was appointed captain, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company A, on 14 September, 1861.
Company B Border Rangers, Muscogee Mounted Guards or Light Infantry: CAPT. J A Strother
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Columbus, Muscogee County, Georgia, on 23 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Muscogee or Southwestern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 13 June, 1861, dated the same day. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.
Company C Jefferson Guards: CAPT. R L Gamble
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Louisville, Jefferson County, Georgia, on 14 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861.
Company D Toombs Rangers: CAPT. J D Waddell
The company was accepted in state service at Cedartown, Polk County, Georgia, on 24 June, 1861, and was stationed at Rome, Floyd County, Georgia, on 29 June, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861.
Company E Whitesville Guards: CAPT. L C Norwood
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Whitesville, Harris County, Georgia, on 27 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861.
Company F Confederate Continentals or Sentinels: CAPT. E M Seago
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, 18 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861.
Company G Ivey Guards: CAPT. J R Ivey
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Columbus, Muscogee County, Georgia, on 15 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Muscogee or Southwestern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, on 26 July, 1861.
Company H Telfair Volunteers: CAPT. H J Smith
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Telfair County, Georgia, on 20 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861. Captain H J Smith resigned, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company H, at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 24 September, 1861, and First Lieutenant J A Coffee, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company H, was appointed captain, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company H, on 3 October, 1861.
Company I Southern Guards: CAPT. V A LEONARD
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Columbus, Fulton County, Georgia, under the command of Captain J A Jones, on 23 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.58, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 May, 1861. The company proceeded by the Muscogee or Southwestern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate servicefor the war at Camp Fairfield, near Richmond, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861. Captain J A Jones, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company I, was appointed major, 20th Georgia Infantry, on 20 August, 1861, and First Lieutenant V A Leonard, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company I, was appointed captain, 20th Georgia Infantry, Company I, on 2 September, 1861.
Company K Montgomery Guards: CAPT. J F Cleveland
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Augusta, Richmond County, Georgia, on 8 August, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 August, 1861. The company was assigned to the 20th Georgia Infantry, Company K, by Special Orders No.171, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 4 October, 1981.

Fourth Battalion Georgia Infantry

Lieutenant Colonel J T Mercer
First Lieutenant J T Mercer, 1st United States Dragoons, Company F, resigned on 26 April, 1861, and was appointed first lieutenant, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 27 April, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th Georgia Battalion Infantry, on 19 July, 1861.

The 4th Georgia Battalion Infantry was organised at Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.234, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J T Mercer, on 27 July, 1861.

Note: Major J T Mercer, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry at Camp Fairfield, near Fairfield Racecourse, opposite Howard's Grove, on the Mechanicsville Turnpike, near Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.224, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Mustered in for war, Richmond & Lynchburg, Virginia, 25 June; 2, 8, 10, 28 & 29 July; & 3 & 28 August, 1861: The Campbell Guards was mustered in Confederate States service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861; the Floyd Sharpshooters at Lynchburg, Virginia, for the war on 2 July, 1861; the Cedartown Guards for the war on 8 July, 1861; the Silver Greys for the war on 10 July, 1861; the Ben Hill Infantry for the war at Richmond Virginia, on 28 July, 1861; the Atlanta Volunteers and the Dabney Rifles for the war on 29 July, 1861; the Stewart Infantry for the war on 3 August, 1861; and the Bartow Avengers for the war on 28 August, 1861.

Organisation of 4th Georgia Battalion Infantry, 27 July-5 September, 1861: Lieutenant Colonel J T Mercer, Major J J Morrison; Company A, Campbell Guards, Captain T C Glover; Company B, Floyd Sharpshooters, Captain A S Hamilton; Company C, Atlanta Volunteers, Captain J F Waddail; Company D, Cedartown Guards, Captain S A Borders; Company E, Sardis Volunteers, Captain J R Hart; Company F, Ben Hill Infantry, Captain J T Boykin; Company G, Dabney Rifles, Captain W Kinman; Company H, Silver Greys, Captain J C Nisbet; Company I, Stewart Infantry, Captain M Lynch

Twenty-first Georgia Infantry

Colonel J T Mercer
Lieutenant Colonel J T Mercer, 4th Georgia Battalion Infantry, was appointed colonel, 21st Georgia Infantry, on 27 September, 1861.

The 4th Georgia Battalion Infantry and the Bartow Avengers were assigned to the 21st Georgia Infantry by Special Orders No.144, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 5 September, 1861.

Organisation of 21st Georgia Infantry, 5 September, 1861: Colonel J T Mercer, Lieutenant Colonel J J Morrison, Major T W Hooper; Company A, Campbell Guards, Captain T C Glover; Company B, Floyd Sharpshooters, Captain A S Hamilton; Company C, Atlanta Volunteers, Captain J F Waddail; Company D, Cedartown Guards, Captain S A Borders; Company E, Sardis Volunteers, Captain J R Hart; Company F, Ben Hill Infantry, Captain J T Boykin; Company G, Dabney Rifles, Captain W Kinman; Company H, Silver Greys, Captain J C Nisbet; Company I, Stewart Infantry, Captain M Lynch; Company K, Bartows Avengers, Captain J B Akridge

Note: The Bartows Avengers was mustered in Confederate States service for the war on 17 August, 1861.

Source

"The following companies were organised into a battalion in Virginia by Pres. Davis."

The Southern Confederacy, 25 July, 1861 - Third Battalion

"The following companies Georgia Companies now here, have been organised into a battalion uner the command of Major J. T. Mercer, of Terrel county, towit: Sparks Guards, Captain Cumming; Southern Guards, Captain Jones; Border Rangers, Captain Strother; Jefferson Guards, Captain Gamble; Whitesville Guards, Captain Norwood, and Toombs Rangers, Captain Waddell. They leave tomorrow for Manassas."

The Southern Confederacy, 25 July, 1861

Historical sketch and roster of the Georgia 20th Infantry Regiment, by John C Rigdon

Notes

The 20th Georgia Infantry was organised for the war on 17 August, 1861.

Mustered in war, Richmond & Lynchburg, Virginia, 2, 6, & 19 June; 1, 20 & 26 July; & 17 August, 1861: The 20th Georgia Infantry, Companies A and I, were mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, virginia, on 2 June, 1861; Company H for the war on 6 June, 1861; Company B for the war on 19 June, 1861; Company C for the war on 1 July, 1861; and Company D for the war at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861; Company E for the war at Richmond, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861; Company F for the war on 20 July, 1861; Company G for the war on 26 July, 1861; and Company K for the war on 17 August, 1861.

Note: The Toombs Rangers was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph III, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 16 May, 1861, and the Sparks Guards and the Southern Guards by Special Orders No.58, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 May, 1861.

Third Georgia Battalion Infantry

Special Orders No.224, Paragraph VIII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 17 July, 1861: The Border Rangers, the Jefferson Guards, the Toomb Rangers, the Whitesville Guards, and the Southern Guards were assigned to the 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry, under the command of Major J T Mercer, at Camp Fairfield, near Fairfield Racecourse, opposite Howard's Grove, on the Mechanicsville Turnpike, near Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.224, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Note: Major J T Mercer was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th Georgia Battalion Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, & I, 23 July, 1861: The 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, and I, were assigned to Colonel W D Smith and ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.228, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861.

Note: The Whitesville Guards was not ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.228, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861.

Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, D, & I, 25 July, 1861: The 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W D Smith and Acting Major & Captain J B Cumming, were assigned to garrison duty at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.165, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861 (See the Camp Pickens Garrison).

Note: The Muscogee Light Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Muscogee or Southwestern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861, dated the same day.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies E, F, G, & H, 12 August, 1861: The Whitesville Guards, the Confederate Sentinels, the Ivey Guards, and the Telfair Volunteers were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.247, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 12 August, 1861, dated 10 August, 1861.

Note: The Confederate Sentinels, the Ivey Guards, and the Telfair Volunteers (231) were assigned to the 3rd Georgia Battalion Infantry at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.234, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 27 July, 1861, and the Stewart Infantry, under the command of Captain M Lynch, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.247, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 12 August, 1861, dated 10 August, 1861.

Twentieth Georgia Infantry

Mason's Hill, near Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, 3-4 September, 1861: The 20th Georgia Infantry arrived at Mason's Hill, near Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 3 and 4 September, 1861.

Fairfax Station & Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, Company K, 4 October, 1861: The Montgomery Guards was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 August, 1861, and was assigned to the 20th Georgia Infantry, Company K, between Fairfax Station and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.171, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 4 October, 1981.

Fairfax Station & Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 7 October, 1861: The 20th Georgia Infantry was assigned to Early's Brigade, Van Dorn's Division, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, between Fairfax Station and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 7 October, 1861.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 20th Georgia Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel W D Smith, 20th Georgia Infantry: Captain W D Smith, 2nd United States Dragoons, resigned on 28 January, 1861, and was appointed captain of cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 16 March, 1861. He was appointed captain of infantry, Confederate States Army, the same day and was appointed major, 1st Georgia Regualr Infantry, on 16 March, 1861. Major W D Smith was appointed assistant adjutant general, Defenses of Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia, on 25 June, 1861.

The 20th Georgia Infantry was assigned to Early's Brigade, Van Dorn's Division, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Mjor General E Van Dorn, on 7 October, 1861.