The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Unassigned, Army of the Potomac

Captain J Conner, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company A

Captain J Conner, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company A

Hampton Legion

Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry was mustered in Confederate service for one year and the war 12 June, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL W HAMPTON
W Hampton was appointed colonel, Hampton Legion, on 27 April, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL B J JOHNSON
Captain B J Johnson, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, Hampton Legion, on 3 May, 1861, and was kileed at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.

MAJOR J B GRIFFIN
J B Griffin was appointed major, Hampton Legion, on 19 May, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861. Major J B Griffin, Hampton Legion, was appointed lieutenant colonel, Hampton Legion, on 15 August, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861.

Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry

Company A Washington Light Infantry: CAPT. J CONNER
The company was accepted in state service at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain B J Johnson, on 27 April, 1861, and Captain B J Johnson, Washington Light Infantry, was appointed lieutenant colonel, Hampton Legion, on 3 May, 1861. Captain J Conner, Montgomery Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry, was assigned to command the Washington Light Infantry on 7 May, 1861, and the company was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, at 8 PM on 31 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Captain W R Calhoun, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company A, on 12 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry during the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry). Second Lieutenant T M Logan, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company A, was appointed captain, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company A, on 23 August, 1861, and Captain J Conner, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company A, was appointed major, Hampton Legion, on 25 August, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861.
Company B Watson Guards: CAPT. M W GARY
The company was stationed at Edgefield Courthouse, Edgefield District, South Carolina, on 22 May, 1861, and was ordered to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 5 June, 1861. The company was accepted and mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Captain W R Calhoun, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company A, on 12 June, 1861.
Company C Manning Guards: CAPT. B MANNING
The company was accepted in state service at Manning, Clarendon District, South Carolina, in April 1861 and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Lieutenant Colonel B J Johnson, Hampton Legion, on 19 June, 1861, dated 12 June, 1861.
Company D Gist Riflemen: CAPT. H J SMITH
The company was accepted in state service at Spring Park, Williamston, Anderson District, South Carolina, on 3 January, 1861, and was ordered to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 10 June, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Captain W R Calhoun, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company A, on 15 June, 1861, dated 12 June, 1861.
Company E Bozeman Guards: Capt. T S Adams
The company was accepted in state service at Fork Shoals, Greenville District, South Carolina, in January 1861 and was ordered to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 13 June, 1861. The company was accepted in Confederate service, under the command of Captain T L Bozeman, at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 19 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year by Lieutenant Colonel B J Johnson, Hampton Legion, on 19 June, 1861, dated 12 June, 1861. Captain T L Bozeman, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company E, was discharged due to illness on 16 July, 1861, and Private T S Adams, Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company B, was appointed first lieutenant, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company E, on 10 July, 1861. First Lieutenant T S Adams, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company E, was appointed captain, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company E, on 16 July, 1861.
Company F Davis Guards: CAPT. J S AUSTIN
The company was accepted or mustered in state service at Greenville District, South Carolina, in April 1861 and was mustered in Confederate service for one year, under the command of Captain W L M Austin, at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Captain W R Calhoun, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company A, on 13 June, 1861, dated 12 June, 1861. Captain W L M Austin, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company F, resigned on 2 July, 1861, and died on 6 July, 1861. First Lieutenant J S Austin, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company F, was appointed captain, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company F, on 6 July, 1861, dated 2 July, 1861.
Company G Claremont Rifles: CAPT. J G SPANN
The company was mustered in state service at Claremont District, South Carolina, as part of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry on 14 April, 1861, and declined Confederate service as part of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry on 19 April, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry). The company was assigned to garrison duty at Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, between 26 and 29 April, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service for one year as the Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company G, on 15 July, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry). The company arrived at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 17 August, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Lightwood Knot Springs, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Captain J L Black, 1st South Carolina (Regulars) Infantry, Company E, on 19 August, 1861.
Company H (1st) German Volunteers (German Artillery): CAPT. W K BACHMAN
The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Half Moon Battery, near Union Station, Charleston, South Carolina, by First Lieutenant & Acting Assistant Adjutant General T L Mills, Confederate States Army, on 22 August, 1861, and was stationed at Hampstead Mall, near Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolinia, between 22 August and 10 September, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 10 September, 1861, and was stationed on the Rocketts, near Richmond, Virginia, on 23 September, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 September, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, the same day. The company was ordered to Bacon Race Church, Prince William County, Virginia, on 24 September, 1861, and was assigned as the Hampton Legion Battalion Artillery, Company B, on 1 November, 1861.
Company H (2nd) South Carolina Zouave Volunteers: CAPT. L C MCCORD
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 7 September, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 11 October, 1861. The company was assigned to the Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company H (2nd), on 23 October, 1861.
Company I Hall's Company: CAPT. D L HALL
The 13th (4th) South Carolina Battalion Infantry, Companies B, D, and E, were consolidated and assigned as the Hampton Legion, Company I, under the command of Captain D L Hall, 13th South Carolina Battalion Infantry, Company E, by Special Orders No.39, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 11 November, 1862 (See 4th South Carolina Infantry).
Company K Bowen's Company: CAPT. J H BOWEN
The 13th (4th) South Carolina Battalion Infantry, Companies A and C, were consolidated and assigned to the Hampton Legion, Company K, under the command of Captain J H Bowen, 13th South Carolina Battalion Infantry, Company C, by Special Orders No.39, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 11 November, 1862 (See 4th South Carolina Infantry).
 

The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry was organised on 12 June, 1861, and was stationed at at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 19 June, 1861.

State Service

The Montgomery Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia, under the command of Captain J Conner, was ordered to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, in the morning on 9 April, 1861, and Captain J Conner, Montgomery Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry, was appointed captain, Washington Light Infantry, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company A, on 7 May, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Confederate Service

Mustered in one year & war, Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, 12, 13, 15, & 19 June, dated 12 June, 1861; & 19 & 22 August, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company A, was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Captain W R Calhoun, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company A, on 15 June, dated 12 June, 1861; Company B for one year on 12 June, 1861; Company F for one year on 13 June, 1861, dated 12 June, 1861; Company D for one year on 15 June, 1861, dated 12 June, 1861; Companies C and E for one year by Lieutenant Colonel B J Johnson, Hampton Legion, on 19 June, 1861, dated 12 June, 1861; Company G for one year at Lightwood Knot Springs, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Captain J L Black, 1st South Carolina (Regulars) Infantry, Company E, on 19 August, 1861; and Company H (1st) for the war at Half Moon Battery, near Union Station, Charleston, South Carolina, by First Lieutenant & Acting Assistant Adjutant General T L Mills, Confederate States Army, on 22 August, 1861.

Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Companies A, D, & F, & Washington Artillery, 26-29 June, 1861: The Hampton Legion Infantry, Companies A, D, and F, under the command Lieutenant Colonel B J Johnson, were ordered to proceed by the Columbia & South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, in the morning on 29 June, 1861.

Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Companies B, C, & E, 1-7 July, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Companies B, C, and E, under the command of Colonel W Hampton, were ordered to proceed by the Columbia & South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Camp Manning, Chimborazo Hill, overlooking Griffin's Spring, near Richmond, Virginia, via Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, on 7 July, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, 19-21 July, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 12 PM on 19 July, 1861, and after a delay arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 21 July, 1861.

Richmond to Bacon Race Church, Prince William County, Virginia, Company H (1st), 23-24 September, 1861: The German Volunteers was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 September, 1861, and was assigned to the Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company H (1st), at Bacon Race Church, Prince William County, Virginia, on 24 September, 1861.

Richmond, Virginia, Company H (2nd), 29 July, 1862: The South Carolina Zouave Volunteers was mustered in Confederate service near at Camp Hampton, Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 27 October, 1861, and was stationed at Fort McCord, Church Flats, on Seabrook Island, near the Stono River, on 10 December, 1861. The company was assigned to the Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company H (2nd), near Richmond, Virginia, on 29 July, 1862.

Reorganised, Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 25 April, 1862: The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry was reorganised at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1862, and the Hampton Legion was disbanded on 22 June, 1862.

Hamptom Legion Infantry, Companies I & K, 11 November, 1862: The 13th, also known as the 4th South Carolina Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, and E, were consolidated as the Hampton Legion Infantry, Companies I and K, by Special Orders No.39, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 11 November, 1862.

Redesignated, Hampton Legion Mounted Infantry, 18 March, 1864: The Hampton Legion was disbanded on 12 June, 1862, and the Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry was redesignated the Hampton Legion Mounted Infantry by Special Orders No.65, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 18 March, 1864.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The Hampton Legion Mounted Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R B Arnold, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

HAMPTON LEGION Battalion CAVALRY

Company A Edgefield Hussars: CAPT. M C BUTLER
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Edgefield District, South Carolina, on 6 June, 1861, and was ordered to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, the same day. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Captain W R Calhoun, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company A, on 15 June, 1861, dated 12 June, 1861. Captain M C Butler, was appointed major, Hampton Legion, on 22 July, 1861, and the company was assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry, Company I, on 22 August, 1862.
Company B Brooks Troop or Cavalry: CAPT. J F LANNEAU
The company was accepted or mustered in state service at Furman University, near Greenville Courthouse, Greenville District, South Carolina, on 6 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Greenville & Columbia Railroad to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, the same day. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Lieutenant Colonel B J Johnson, Hampton Legion, on 15 June, 1861, dated 12 June, 1861. The company was assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry, Company K, on 22 August, 1862.
Company C Beaufort District Troop: CAPT. T E SCREVEN
The company was accepted or mustered in state service at Grahamville, Beaufort District, South Carolina, on 19 June, 1861, and was ordered to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, the same day. The company arrived at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, via Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 21 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year by Lieutenant Colonel B J Johnson, Hampton Legion, on 22 June, 1861, dated 12 June, 1861. The company was assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry, Company B, on 22 August, 1862.
Company D Congaree (Columbia) Troop or Mounted Riflemen: CAPT. T TAYLOR
The company was accepted in state service at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 5 July, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 17 July, 1861. The company was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, the same day and arrived at Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel C W Field, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 25 July, 1861, and was assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry, Company H, on 22 August, 1862.

State Service

The Columbia or Congaree Mounted Riflemen (90), under the command of Captain A R Taylor, was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the afternoon on 12 April, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. The company was stationed at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 15 April, 1861, and was relieved in the morning on 27 April, 1861. The Columbia or Congaree Mounted Riflemen was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 28 April, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Note: Detachments of the Columbia or Congaree Mounted Riflemen were stationed on the Ashley River and Wappoo Creek, near Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 27 April, 1861.

Confederate Service

Mustered in one year, Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, 15 & 22 June & 25 July, 1861, dated 12 June, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Companies A and B, was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Lieutenant Colonel B J Johnson, Hampton Legion, on 15 June, dated 12 June, 1861; Company C for one year on 22 June, 1861, dated 12 June, 1861; and Company D at Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel C W Field, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 25 July, 1861, dated 12 June, 1861.

Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, Companies A, B, & C, 27-29 June, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company A, was ordered to proceed by the Columbia & South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 27 June, 1861; Company B on 28 June, 1861; and Company C on 29 June, 1861, and Companies A, B, and C were stationed at Camp Manning, Chimborazo Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 9 July, 1861.

Note: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company A, arrived at Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, on 28 June, 1861.

Richmond to Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, Companies A, B, & C, 10 July, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Companies A, B, and C, were ordered to Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.215, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861, dated 8 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, the same day.

Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, to Ashland, Hanover, County, Virginia, Company D, 17-21 July, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company D, was ordered to proceed by the Columbia & South Carolina Railroad to Petersburg, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861, and arrived by the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad at Petersburg, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861. The company was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861, and arrived at the Hermitage or New Fairground, Fush Hill, near Richmond Virginia, the same day. The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company D, was ordered to Ashland, Hanover, County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover, County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry was stationed at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, under the command of Major J B Griffin, on 21 July, 1861.

Ashland, Hanover County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies A, B, & C, 22-24 July, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Companies A, B, and C, were ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on the 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861.

Ashland, Hanover County, to Occoquan and Wolf Run Shoals Roads, near Bacon Race Church, Prince Willaim County, Virginia, Company D, 16 & 26 August, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company D, was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.252, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 16 August, 1861, and was assigned to the Hampton Legion at Camp Griffin, between Occoquan and Wolf Run Shoals Roads, near Bacon Race Church, Prince Willaim County, Virginia, on 26 August, 1861.

Reorganised, Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 25 April, 1862: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry was reorganised at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1862.

The Hampton Legion was disbanded on 12 June, 1862, and the Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, the 4th South Carolina Battalion Cavalry, the Boykin's Mounted Rangers, and the Bonham Light Dragoons were assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry on 22 August, 1862 (See the Boykin's Mounted Rangers).

Surrendered at Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, 26 April, 1865: The 2nd South Carolina Cavalry surrendered at Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, on 26 April, 1865.

HAMPTON LEGION Battalion ARTILLERY

Company A Washington Artillery: CAPT. S D LEE
The company was accepted or mustered in state service at Charleston, South Carolina, on 11 May, 1861, and was ordered to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 11 June, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Captain W R Calhoun, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company A, on 15 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant J F Hart was assigned to command company between 15 June and 25 July, 1861 (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry).
Company B German Artillery (Volunteers): CAPT. W K BACHMAN
The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Half Moon Battery, near Union Station, Charleston, South Carolina, by First Lieutenant & Acting Assistant Adjutant General T L Mills, Confederate States Army, on 22 August, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 10 September, 1861. The company was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 September, 1861, and was assigned to the Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company H (1st), on 24 September, 1861. The company was assigned to the Hampton Legion Battalion Artillery, Company B, on 1 November, 1861.

Mustered in one year or war, Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, 22 August, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Artillery was mustered in Confederate service at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Captain W R Calhoun, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company A, on 15 June, 1861, and the German Volunteers or Artillery as the Hampton legion Battalion Infantry, Company H (1st), at Half Moon Battery, near Union Station, Charleston, South Carolina, by First Lieutenant & Acting Assistant Adjutant General T L Mills, Confederate States Army, on 22 August, 1861.

Note: First Lieutenant S D Lee, 4th United States Artillery, resigned on 20 February, 1861, and was appointed captain, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company E, on 16 February, 1861. Captain S D Lee was appointed captain & acting assistant quartermaster general and acting assistant commissary general, Provisional Forces, Confederate States Army, at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 6 March, 1861. He was appointed captain, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 16 March, 1861, and was assigned to command the Washington Artillery on 7 June, 1861. Captain S D Lee, captain, artillery, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.96, Paragraph VIII, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Hampton Legion Battalion Artillery by Special Orders No.106, Paragraph VII, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, Richmond, Virginia, 26 June-1 July, 1861: The Washington Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Columbia & South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Camp Manning, Chimborazo Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861.

Note: The Washington Artillery was assigned two 6 pounder 3 inch rifles on 13 July, 1861, and four howitzers at the Tredegar Foundry, Richmond, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 27 July, 1861: The Washington Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 27 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Hampton Legion at Camp Johnson, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 3 August, 1861.

Note: The German Volunteers or Artillery was reorganised as the artillery on 1 November, 1861, and the Washington Artillery and the German Artillery were assigned as the Hampton Legion Battalion Artillery, Companies A and B, respectively, the same day.

Reorganised, Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 25 April, 1862: The Hampton Legion Battalion Artillery was reorganised at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1862.

The Hampton Legion was disbanded on 12 June, 1862, and the Hampton Legion Battalion Artillery, Company A, was redesignated Captain J F Hart's Company, South Carolina Horse Artillery, in June 1862 and Company B was redesignated Captain W K Bachman's Company, South Carolina Artillery, on 22 June, 1862.

Surrendered, 9 & 26 April, 1865: The German Light Artillery, South Carolina Artillery, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1865, and the Washington Artillery, South Carolina Horse Artillery, surrendered at Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, on 26 April, 1865.

Source

"We understand that four companies of the Hampton Legion leave for Virginia tomorrow afternoon. The companies are the Washington Artillery, Washington Light Infantry, the Davis Guards, and Gist Rifles. They go under the command under command of Lieut. Col. B. J. Johnson."

The Southern Guardian, Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, 25 June, 1861 - For Virginia

"The following companies under Lt. Colonel Johnson, arrived in Richmond on Saturday morning via Petersburg Railroad: Washington Light Infantry. Captain, Jas. Conner; Lieutenants - 1st, James Lewndes; 2d, T. M. Logan 3d, Theodore Klinck. Davis Guards. Captain, W. L. M. Austin; Lieutenants - 1st, G. W. Lester; 2d, J. G. W. Lester; 3d, D. William Yeargon. Gist Rifles, Captain, H. J. Smith; Lieutenants - 1st, Robert H. Hudgings; 2d, W. H. Mauldin; 3d, Elijah H. Acker. Washington Artillery, First Lieutenant commanding, James F. Hart; 2d, S. Gilman Horsev 3d, Warren R. Marshall; 4th, Paul Hamilton. All of the other companies of the Legion start to-day (Monday) from South Carolina for Richmond, and may be expected here by Wednesday."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 1 July, 1861 - Hampton's Legion

"That portion of Col. Hampton's Legion, of South Carolina, which passed through this City last week, was composed of the Washington Light Infantry, Capt. Conner; Davis' Guards, Capt. Austin; Gist Rifles, Capt. Smith; Washington Artillery, Lieut. Hart; Edgefield (Cavalry) Hussars, Capt. Butler; all under command of Lieut. Col. B. J. Johnson. Two other companies of cavalry arrived here Sunday last, and passed on."

The Semi-weekly Standard, Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, 3 July, 1861 - Col. Hampton's Legion

"Col. Wade Hampton of South Carolina,with three companies, being the remainder of this Legion, passed through this City on Wednesday last, en route for Virginia."

The Semi-weekly Standard, Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, 6 July, 1861 - Hampton's Legion

"Just at sundown the 6th South Carolina Regiment, under Col. Winder, which had come to Manassas in the afternoon, arrived upon the field, and before the battle was quite over, came the splendid troop of cavalry, under Capt. Boykin. Hampton's Legion came in time for a bloody part in the action of the day, but were not able to bring on the cavalry or Washington Artillery. Of the members of the artillery company, at least, many were present in the action as infantry, and shared the fortunes of the Legion."

The Edgefield Advertiser, 7 August, 1861 - Details of the great battle, Army of the Potomac, near Manassas, 23 July, 1861

"I am now stationed, with all the Cavalry of the Legion, at this place which is about fifteen miles from Richmond. This is a small country village situated on the Richmond and Fredric[k]sburg rail road. There is a regular Cavalry Camp here, no infantry, under the direction of army Officers." Camp Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, 11 July, 1861

A gentleman and an officer: A military and social history of James B. Griffin's Civil War, by Judith N McArthur and Orville V Burton

"The 'maiden fight' of the artillery branch of the Legion took place on 26 September when a section of the Washington Artillery, commanded by Captain S D Lee, and consisting of two rifled 6 pounders and a rifled 32 pounder nick-named 'Long Tom', a captured trophy from Manassas manned by a detachment of the Purcell Artillery, were sent to Freestone Point on the Potomac River."

South Carolina Volunteers in the Civil War: The Hampton Legion Part I: Regimental history, in collaboration with W B Bynum and H M Madaus with text and illustrations by R Field

"After First Manassas, Colonel Hampton attempted to exchange two of these iron Tredegar howitzers for two Dahlgren 12 pounder boat howitzers, on field carriages, abandoned by the 71st New York State Militia at the end of the battle. As it turned out, the Dahlgrens were issued instead to the Rowan Artillery of North Carolina (Reilly's Battery).

South Carolina Volunteers in the Civil War: The Hampton Legion Part II: Company Histories, in collaboration with W B Bynum and H M Madaus with text and illustrations by R Field

The Confederate Veteran, Volume 23: The battle of first Manassas, pp24-26, by John Coxe, Esq, Groveland, California

South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: The Upstate, by R S Seigler

Giant in grey: A biography of Wade Hampton of South Carolina, by M W Wellman

Notes

The Hampton Legion was accepted in state service on 27 April, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Captain W R Calhoun, Sumter or Calhoun Light Artillery, between 12 June and 5 August 1861 (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry).

Note: The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Companies A and B, were mustered in Confederate service at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 12 June, 1861; Company F on 13 June, 1861; Company D on 15 June, 1861; Companies C and E on 19 June, 1861; and the Washington Artillery on 15 June, 1861. Colonel W Hampton arrived at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, 25 June, 1861.

Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Companies A, D, & F, & Washington Artillery, 26-29 June, 1861: The Hampton Legion Infantry, Companies A, D, and F, and the Washington Artillery, under the command Lieutenant Colonel B J Johnson, were ordered to proceed by the Columbia & South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the afternoon on 26 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, in the morning on 29 June, 1861.

Note: The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Companies A, D, and F, and the Washington Artillery, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel B J Johnson, arrived at Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, on 27 June, 1861, and the Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company A, on 28 June, 1861.

Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Companies A, D, & C, 27-29 June, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Companies A, B, and C, were ordered to proceed by the Columbia & South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 27, 28, and 29 June, 1861, respectively, and were stationed at Camp Manning, Chimborazo Hill, overlooking Griffin's Spring, near Richmond, Virginia, on 9 July, 1861.

Note: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company A, was mustered in Confederate service for twelve months at Camp Hampton, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 12 June, 1861; Company B on 14 June, 1861; and Company C on 22 June, 1861.

Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Companies B, C, & E, 1-7 July, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Companies B, C, and E, under the command of Colonel W Hampton, were ordered to proceed by the Columbia & South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861, and arrived at Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, the same day. Companies B, C, and E were ordered to proceed by the North Carolina Railroad to Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, at 9 AM on 2 July, 1861, and arrived on 3 July, 1861. The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Companies B, C, and E, were ordered to proceed by the Raleigh & Gaston Rairoad to Petersburg, Virginia, the same day and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Camp Manning, Chimborazo Hill, overlooking Griffin's Spring, near Richmond, Virginia, via Weldon, Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, on 7 July, 1861.

Richmond to Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Companies A, B, & C, 10 July, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Companies A, B, and C, were ordered to Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.215, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861, and proceeded on 10 July, 1861. Companies A, B, and C arrived at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, the same day.

Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, to Ashland, Hanover, County, Virginia, Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company D, 17-21 July, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company D, was ordered to proceed by the Columbia & South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861, and arrived by the Weldon Railroad at Petersburg, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861. The company was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861, and arrived at the Hermitage or New Fairground, Fush Hill, near Richmond Virginia, the same day. The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company D, was ordered to Ashland, Hanover, County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover, County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company D, was mustered in Confederate service at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover, County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel C W Field, Confederate States Army, on 25 July, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, 19-21 July, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 12 PM on 19 July, 1861, and after a delay arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 21 July, 1861. The battalion was immediately ordered to the Lewis House, Portici, at 6 AM the same day.

Note: The Hampton Legion was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.224, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, to McLean's Farm, 24 July, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry was ordered near McLean's Farm by Special Orders No.161, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861.

Note: The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry was stationed at Camp Johnson, on Broad Run, near Brenstville, Prince William County, Virginia, 29 July, 1861.

Brenstville, Prince William County, Virginia, to Bacon Race Church, Prince William County, Virginia, 13 August, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry was ordered to the junction between Occoquan Road and Wolf Run Shoals Road, near Bacon Race Church, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.225, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 13 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Griffin, on the junction between Occoquan Road and Wolf Run Shoals Road, near Bacon Race Church, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Companies A, B, & C, 22-24 July, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, under the command of Major J B Griffin, was stationed at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861, and Companies A, B, and C were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861, and were assigned to the Hampton Legion at Camp Johnson, near McLean's farm, on 24 July, 1861.

Ashland, Hanover County, to Occoquan & Wolf Run Shoals Roads, near Bacon Race Church, Prince Willaim County, Virginia, Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company D, 16-26 August, 1861: The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, Company D, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.252, Paragraph V, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 16 August, 1861, and was assigned to the Hampton Legion at Camp Griffin, between Occoquan and Wolf Run Shoals Roads, near Bacon Race Church, Prince Willaim County, Virginia, on 26 August, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, & McLean's Farm, Wahsington Artillery, 27 July & 3 August, 1861: The Washington Artillery was stationed at Camp Manning, Chimborazo Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 27 July, 1861. The company was assigned to the Hampton Legion at Camp Johnson, near McLean's Farm, on 3 August, 1861.

Reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 25 April, 1862: The Hampton Legion was reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1862, and was disbanded on 12 June, 1862.

Note: The Hampton Legion Battalion Artillery, Company A, was redesignated Captain J F Hart's Company, South Carolina Horse Artillery, in June 1862 and Company B was redesignated Captain W K Bachman's Company, South Carolina Artillery, on 22 June, 1862. The Hampton Legion Battalion Cavalry, the 4th South Carolina Battalion Cavalry, the Boykin Mounted Rangers, and the Bonham Light Dragoons were assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry on 22 August, 1862.

Redesignated, Hampton Legion Mounted Infantry, 18 March, 1864: The Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry was redesignated the Hampton Legion Mounted Infantry by Special Orders No.65, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 18 March, 1864.

Surrendered, 9 & 26 April, 1865: The Hampton Legion Mounted Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R B Arnold, and the German Light Artillery, South Carolina Artillery, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865, and the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry and the Washington Artillery, South Carolina Horse Artillery, surrendered at Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, on 26 April, 1865.

The Hampton Legion was assigned independently to the First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel W Hampton, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.116: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp566-567
Colonel W Hampton, Hampton Legion, dated Camp Johnson, on Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, 29 July, 1861

Orders of Battle

The above painting, 'The Fourth Alabama', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historical artist.