The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel S Garland Jr.

Colonel S Garland Jr., 11th Virginia Infantry

Eleventh Virginia Infantry

Four companies arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 14 May, 1861, and six companies in June 1861. Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Stationed at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL S GARLAND, JR.
Captain S Garland, Jr., 11th Virginia Infantry, Company G, was appointed colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 8 May, 1861, and was assigned to duty at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.29, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861. Colonel S Garland, Jr., was assigned to command Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, between 12 May and 22 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL D FUNSTON
Lieutenant Colonel D Funston, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to the 11th Virginia Infantry at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Deapratment of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861.

MAJOR C H HARRISON
Major C H Harrison, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to the 18th Virginia Infantry by Special Orders No.159, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861, and to the 11th Virginia Infantry at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861. He was mortally wounded during a skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 18 July, 1861.

Company A Lynchburg Rifle Greys: CAPT. M S LANGHORNE
The company was accepted in state service at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the morning on 23 April, 1861. The company arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond via Burkeville Junction, Nottoway County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was mustered in state service for one year by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 24 April, 1861. The company was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861.
Company B Southern Guards: CAPT. R C SAUNDERS
The company was accepted in state service at Yellow Branch, Campbell County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year by Colonel J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 27 April, 1861. The company was ordered to the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, by General Orders No.7, Paragraph II, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861.
Company C Clifton Greys: CAPT. A CLEMENT
The company was accepted in state service at Pigeon Run, Campbell County, Virginia, on 16 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 17 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 28th Virginia Infantry, Company E (1st), in May 1861 and was assigned to the 11th Virginia Infantry, Company C, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 28th Virginia Infantry).
Company D Fincastle Rifles: CAPT. D G HOUSTON, JR.
The company was accepted in state service at Fincastle, Botetourt County, Virginia, under the command of Captain W H Anthony, on 23 April, 1861, and was ordered to Bonsacks, Roanoke County, Virginia, the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year, under the command of Captain R K Thompson, by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day. Captain K R Thompson, 11th Virginia Infantry, Company D, resigned at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and Quartermaster D G Houston, Jr., 11th Virginia Infantry, was appointed captain, 11th Virginia Infantry, Company D, on 22 July, 1861.
Company E Lynchburg Rifles: CAPT. J E BLANKENShIP
The company was accepted in state service at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 3 June, 1861. Captain J E Blankensip, 11th Virginia Infantry, Company E, broke and ran under fire during the skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 18 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant C V Winfrey, 11th Virginia Infantry, Company E, was assigned to command the company during the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. Captain J E Blankensip's resignation due to ill health was accepted by Special Orders No.256, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 20 August, 1861.
Company F Preston Guards: CAPT. E FOWLKES
The company was accepted in state service at Christiansburg, Montgomery County, Virginia, on 29 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 6 June, 1861.
Company G Lynchburg Home Guard: CAPT. K OTEY
The company was organised at Lynchburg, Virginia, under the command of Captain S Garland, Jr., on 8 November, 1859, and was accepted in state service on 23 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the morning the same day and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad via Burkeville Junction, Nottoway County, Virginia, in the evening on 23 April, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861.
Company H Jeff Davis Guards: CAPT. J R HUTTER
The company was accepted in state service at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861, and mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day.
Company I Rough and Ready Rifles: CAPT. J H JAMESON
The company was accepted in state service at Morrisville, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 25 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Major G W Brent, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 4 June, 1861.
Company K Valley Regulators: CAPT. A A YEATMAN
The company was accepted in state service at Roaring Run, Botetourt County, Virginia, on 25 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 9 June, 1861.

Sources

"The companies which arrived here from Lynchburg on Tuesday night, are composed of the right sort of material - stalwart, hardy men, who would fight to the death and never yield to a foe. Our Lynchburg correspondent, in a letter dated April 23d, writes: This morning we witnessed the departure of three of our fine volunteer companies - the Home Guard, Capt. Sunderland; Rifle Grays, Capt. Maurice Langhorne, Jr., and the Lynchburg Artillery, Capt. H. Grey Latham."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 25 April, 1861 - The Lynchburg troops

"The Fincastle Rifles, Capt. Thompson, 80 strong - as brave-hearted boys as ever burnt powder - the first to organise in the county - the first to enter the service of the State - left Fincastle on Tuesday, to rendezvous at Bonsack's, in obedience to orders of General Preston."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 29 April, 1861 - Botetourt

"A company of Infantry, numbering 108 men, under command of Capt. Robert Saunders, arrived yesterday via Danville Railroad from Yellow Branch, Campbell county, Virginia. The men were dressed in black jackets and grey pants, with black stripes, were armed with rifles, and looked very well."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 3 May, 1861- Arrival of soldiers

"Two more companies are getting ready to offer their services to the State, and I am glad to say both will be commanded by efficient and popular officers. Capt. Jas. P. Hammet has a company of sixty at Central depot, and Captain E. Fowlkes, at this place, has fifty-six men, who are ready and willing to serve as defenders of Virginia's honor. These two companies, with the three already in the field, will put our number up to 375 good and true men in the service."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 21 May, 1861 - Christiansburg, Montgomery County, 18 May, 1861

"Among the troops yet at the Junction is the entire regiment of Col. Garland, made up almost entirely of companies from this city and country."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 28 June, 1861 - From Manassas Junction

"Not long before the first battle, Captain Clement's company, and Captain Hutter's company from Lynchburg, were transferred to the Eleventh Virginia Regiment, commanded by Colonel Samuel Garland, Jr., of Lynchburg, a V. M. I. man, and a fine officer."

Personal reminiscences of the war of 1861-5: In camp, en bivouac, on the march, on picket, on the skirmish line, on the battlefield and and in prison, by W H Morgan

"In a few days Captain Garland was promoted to a majority, and put in charge of four companies. On the 9th May he proceeded with these to Manassas Junction, where some companies recently formed in Alexandria, under Captain Thornton Triplett and Dr, Cornelius Boyle, were already stationed. Garland being the ranking officer, was the commandant of the post for some two weeks, and formed the first regular encampment upon a spot since become historic."

The University memorial: Biographical sketches of alumni of the University of Virginia who fell in the Confederate war, five volumes in one, by Rev. John L Johnson

"The Eleventh regiment now settled into the routine of camp life punctuated by drill almost hourly. By May 10, the recruits were ordered to Manassas Junction, by none other than Robert E. Lee, where they were to begin formal training. Arriving on Sunday, May 14, with 490 men, the Eleventh was assigned to the Fourth Brigade under Colonel G. H. Terrett."

Snowballs and skirmish lines: A history of the Fincastle Rifles, Army of Northern Virginia, Confederate States of America, 1859-1865, by William O Doherty, Jr.

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 71, Serial No.83: Record of events for the Eleventh Virginia Infantry, April 1861-February 1865, edited by James B Hewett

Annals of the Lynchburg Home Guard, published by the Lynchburg Home Guard

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Eleventh Virginia Infantry, by R T Bell

Lynchburg and its people, by W Asbury Christian

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 11th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, D, and G, were stationed at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861; Companies C and H at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861; Company I at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861; and Companies E, F, H, and K at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, on 9 June, 1861.

Note: The Jeff Davis Guards (70) and the Clifton Greys (65) were assigned to the 28th Virginia Infantry, Companies C and H, by Military Orders No.5, Headquarters, Virginia Volunteers, Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861 (See the 28th Virginia Infantry).

Mustered in one year, Richmond, Lynchburg, & Manassas Junction, Virginia, 24, 26, & 27 April; 15 & 17 May; &2 , 4, 6, & 9 June, 1861: The 11th Virginia Infantry, Companies A and G, were mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 24 April, 1861; Company D for one year on 26 April, 1861; Company B for one year on 27 April, 1861; Company H for one year at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 15 May, 1861; Company C for one year on 17 May, 1861; Company E for one year on 2 June, 1861; Company I at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Major G W Brent, Provisional Army of Virginia, for one year on 4 June, 1861; Company F for one year at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 6 June, 1861; and Company Kfor one year on 9 June, 1861.

Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, 23 April 1861: Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, was established near Broad Street Station on the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad, under the command of Colonel W Gilham, Virginia Military Institute, on 23 April, 1861, and the Virginia Military Institute Corps Cadets were assigned as drillmasters on 24 April, 1861 (See the 1st Rockbridge Artillery). Brigadier General J H Winder, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and Colonel C Dimmock, Ordnance, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 18 July, 1861.

Lynchburg to Richmond, Virginia, Companies A & G, 23 April, 1861: The Lynchburg Home Guards and the Lynchburg Rifle Greys were ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the morning on 23 April, 1861, and were accompanied by the Lynchburg Artillery (See the Lynchburg Artillery). The Lynchburg Home Guards and the Lynchburg Rifle Greys arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond via Burkeville Junction, Nottoway County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Yellow Branch, Campbell County, to Richmond, Virginia, Company B, 23-25 April, 1861: The Southern Guards was stationed at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861. The company arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond via Burkeville Junction, Nottoway County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Major S Garland, Jr., Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to command the 2nd Virginia Battalion Infantry at Richmond, Virginia, on 7 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 11th Virginia Infantry, on 8 May, 1861 (See the 18th Virginia Infantry). The Lynchburg Rifle Greys, the Southern Guards, the Fincastle Rifles, and the Lynchburg Home Guards and the were stationed at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, Richmond, on 7 May, 1861.

Fincastle, Botetourt County, to Richmond, Virginia, Company D, 26 April, 1861: The Fincastle Rifles was ordered to proceed by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad the same day.

Note: First Lieutenant D G Houston, Jr., was appointed quartermaster, 11th Virginia Infantry, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and resigned on 19 July, 1861. He was appointed captain, 11th Virginia Infantry, Company D, on 22 July, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies A, B, & G, 10-12 May, 1861: The Lynchburg Home Guards, the Lynchburg Rifle Greys, the Southern Guards, and the Farmville Guards, under the command of Major S Garland, Jr., Provisional Army of Virginia, were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.32, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861, dated 9 May, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 12 May, 1861 (See the 18th Virginia Infantry).

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 11th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, D, G, H, & I, 18 June, 1861: The Lynchburg Rifle Greys, the Southern Guards, the Clifton Greys, the Fincastle Rifles, the Lynchburg Home Guards, the Jeff Davis Guards, and the Rough and Ready Rifles were assigned to the 11th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, G, H, and I, respectively, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861.

Note: The Rough and Ready Rifles was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies E, F, & K, 20 June 1861: The Lynchburg Rifles, the Preston Guards, and the Valley Regulators were assigned to the 11th Virginia Infantry, Companies E, F, and K, respectively, by Special Orders No.50, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Note: The 11th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel G H Terrett, by General Orders No.20, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861 (See Camp Pickens Garrison).

Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies E, F, I, & K, 28 June 1861: The 11th Virginia Infantry, Companies E, F, I, and K, were stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 28 June, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies C & H, 1 July, 1861: The 28th Virginia Infantry, Company E, and the Jeff Davis Guards, were assigned to the 11th Virginia Infantry, Companies C and H, respectively, at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, prior to muster in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861 (See the 28th Virginia Infantry).

Manassas Junction to Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17-18 July, 1861: The 11th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 17 July, 1861, and was engaged in a skirmish between 12 PM and 4 PM on 18 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 11th Virginia Infantry was near Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 22 July, 1861.

Blackburn's Ford to Warrenton Turnpike, between the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, & Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 22 July, 1861: The 11th Virginia Infantry was ordered across the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 12 PM on 22 July, 1861, and was stationed on the Warrenton Turnpike, between the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, and Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Warrenton Turnpike, between the Stone Bridge, to Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 23 July, 1861: The 11th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 23 July, 1861.

Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to the junction of the Old Braddock Road & the Union Mills & Centreville Road, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 24 July, 1861: The 11th Virginia Infantry was ordered to the junction of the Old Braddock Road and the Union Mills & Centreville Road, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, in the morning on 24 July, 1861, dated 22 July, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Note: The 11th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General J Longstreet, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 1st Virginia Infantry, 7th Virginia Infantry, 11th Virginia Infantry, 17th Virginia Infantry, Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company; 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies B, E, F, and I

Centreville to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 10 August, 1861: The 11th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.216, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 10 August, 1861, dated 9 August, 1861, an arrived at Camp Harrison, Headquarters, Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 26 April, 1862: The 11th Virginia Infantry was reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 11th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Major General G E Pickett, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General J Longstreet, Confederate States Army, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Major J Longstreet, paymaster, United States Army, resigned at Alburqueue, Bernalillo County, New Mexico, on 1 June, 1861, and was stationed at Galveston, on Galveston and Pelican Islands, Galveston County, Texas, on 10 June, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel J Longstreet, infantry, Confederate States Army, proceeded by schooner to Richmond, Virginia, at 2 PM on 11 June, 1861, and arrived at Brashear City, Berwick's Bay, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana, in the evening on 14 June, 1861. He arrived at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, in the evening on 16 June, 1861, and proceeded by the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the evening on 17 June, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel J Longstreet was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861. Brigadier General J Longstreet, Confederate States Army, arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.92, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861.

Note: Major J Longstreet, paymaster, United States Army, was appointed lieutenant colonel, infantry, Confederate States Army, at Richmond, Virginia, on 1 May, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861.

The 11th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General J Longstreet, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT No.100: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp543-544
Brigadier General J Longstreet, Confederate States Army, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated 28 July, 1861