The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Evacuation Of Alexandria, Virginia, 24 May, 1861

John Cook's slave Pen, near Alexandria, Virginia

John Cook's Slave Pen, on Duke Street, Alexandria, Virginia

Garrison at Alexandria

COLONEL G H TERRETT
Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to command the troops stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861, and Colonel G H Terrett, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

Sixth Virginia Battalion VOlunteers

MAJOR M D CORSE
Captain M D Corse, Old Dominion Rifles, was appointed major, Alexandrai (6th Virginia) Battalion Volunteers, on 19 February, 1861, and was assigned to command the troops stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, by Special Orders No.7, Headquarters, Potomac Division, Alexandria, Virginia, at 1.30 PM, on 29 April, 1861.

Company E Mount Vernon Guards: CAPT. S H Devaughn
The company was assigned to the Alexandria (6th Virginia) Battalion Volunteers on 19 February, 1861, and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 24 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 17th Virginia Infantry, Company E, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).
Company G Old Dominion Rifles: Capt. A Herbert
Captain M D Corse and First Lieutenant A Herbert, Old Dominion Rifles, were appointed major, Alexandria (6th Virginia) Battalion Volunteers, and captain, Old Dominion Rifles, respectively, on 19 February, 1861, and the company was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 24 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 17th Virginia Infantry, Company H, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).

Note: Some former secessionists men of the National Volunteers, District of Columbia Militia, under the command of Captain C Boyle, National Volunteers, were assigned to the Old Dominion Rifles at Alexandria, Virginia, on 21 April, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).

Company H Alexandria Riflemen: CAPT. M Mayre
The company was assigned to the Alexandria (6th Virginia) Battalion Volunteers on 19 February, 1861, and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 24 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 17th Virginia Infantry, Company A, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).
Unlettered Company Alexandria Artillery: CAPT. D Kemper
The company was assigned to the Alexandria (6th Virginia) Battalion Volunteers on 19 February, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Henry, Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861 (See the Alexandria Artillery).
Unlettered Company Emmett Guards: CAPT. J E Towsen
The company was assigned to the 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers on 27 April, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 17th Virginia Infantry, Company G, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).
Unlettered Company Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery: CAPT. T Triplett
The company was assigned to the Alexandria Battalion Volunteers on 25 April, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel S Jones, chief of artillery & ordnance, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.92, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).
Unlettered Company O'Connell Guards: CAPT. S W Prestman
The company was assigned to the 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers on 20 May, 1861, and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 24 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 17th Virginia Infantry, Company I, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).

Note: The Old Dominion Rifles was organised at the Armory of the Alexandria Riflemen, American Hall, on Cameron Street, Alexandria Virginia, on 7 January, 1861.

Attached To Sixth Virginia Battalion Volunteers

Border Guards or Fairfax Cavalry: CAPT. M D Ball
The company was accepted in state service at Lewinsville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Alexandria, Virginia, in the evening on 25 April, 1861. The company was mustered in state service at Alexandria, Virginia, by Major G W Brent, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day and thirty-six men, under the command of Captain M D Ball, were captured by the 1st Michigan Infantry accompanied by Captain S W Owen, and a section of the 3rd United States Artillery, Light Company E, at Price, Birch & Co Slave Pen, on Duke Street, Alexandria, Virginia, under the command of Colonel O B Willcox, 1st Michigan Infantry, in the morning on 24 May, 1861 (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria). Captain M D Ball, Border Guards or Fairfax Cavalry, was stationed on the steamer Powhatan on 27 May, 1861, amd was released on 6 June, 1861. He was stationed at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861, and was assigned to duty as a guide and scout during the skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 18 July, 1861, and the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. Captain M D Ball, Border Guards or Fairfax Cavalry, was paroled on 21 September, 1862, and the company was reorganised as the Chesterfield Troop and ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.222, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 23 September, 1862. The Chesterfield Troop was assigned to the 5th Virginia Cavalry, Company F (2nd), by Special Orders No. 276, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 24 December, 1862.
Washington Home Guards or Fairfax Cavalry: CAPT. E B Powell
The company was assigned to guard duty between Alexandria, Virginia, and Little Falls, on the Potomac River, between 20 April and 23 May, 1861, and was assigned to Wickham's Squadron Cavalry, under the command of Captain W C Wickham, on 20 July, 1861 (See Wickham's Squadron Cavalry).

Attached To Garrison

Warren Rifles: CAPT. R H SIMPSON
The company arrived at Alexandria, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861, and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 24 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 17th Virginia Infantry, Company B, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).
Loudoun Guards: CAPT. G R HEAD
The company was ordered to proceed by the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad to Alexandria, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861, and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 24 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 17th Virginia Infantry, Company C, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).
Fairfax Rifles: CAPT. W H DULANY
The company arrived at Alexandria, Virginia, in the evening on 25 April, 1861, and was stationed at Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861. The company was stationed at Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 17th Virginia Infantry, Company D, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).
Richardson Guards: CAPT. J Welch
The company arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Alexandria, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861, and was stationed at Madison Courthouse, Madison County, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry, Company A, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special orders No.4, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Infantry).
Prince William Rifles: CAPT. G S HAMILTON
The company arrived at Alexandria, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 17th Virginia Infantry, Company F, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).
Alexandria Home Guards: CAPT. C F Suttle
The company was organised at Alexandria, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861, and was stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861.
Loudoun Cavalry: CAPT. D T Shreve
The company was ordered to Alexandria, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861, and was assigned to barracks at Coyle's Stables, at the northwest corner of Fairfax and Queen Streets, Alexandria, Virginia, the same day (See the Independent Cavalry). The company was ordered to Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 23 May, 1861.

Independent Companies

Some former secessionists men of the National Rifles and National Volunteers, District of Columbia Militia, were accepted in state service at Phoenix Hall, on Prince Street, Alexandria, Virginia, between 1 and 22 April, 1861 (See the District of Columbia Militia, Department of Washington).

Washington Volunteers, Company A: Capt. C K Sherman
The company was accepted in state service at Phoenix Hall, on Prince Street, Alexandria, Virginia, under the command of Captain C Boyle, on 22 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861. The company was accompanied by the Washington Volunteers, Companies B and C, and arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, the same day. Captain C Boyle, Washington Volunteers, Company A, was appointed major, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 29 April, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, between 29 April and 23 July, 1861 (See the Garrison at Camp Pickens). The company was mustered in state service, under the command of First Lieutenant C K Sherman, Washington Volunteers, Company A, at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel S Jones, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 6 May, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandrai Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 19th Virginia Infantry, Company F (1st), by Special Orders No.54, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 June, 1861, and was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 8 AM on 22 June, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry). The company was assigned to the 1st Virginia Infantry, Company E (2nd), by Special Orders No.59, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, the same day and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the 1st Virginia Infantry).
Washington Volunteers, Company B: Capt. R Cleary
The company was accepted in state service at Phoenix Hall, on Prince Street, Alexandria, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861. The company was accompanied by the Washington Volunteers, Companies B and C, and arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, the same day. The company was mustered in state service at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 8 May, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Wigfall, on McLean's Farm, near the intersection of Union Mills and Hooe's Hill Roads, on 20 June, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Infantry).
Beauregard Rifles: Capt. F B Schaeffer
The company was accepted in state service at Phoenix Hall, on Prince Street, Alexandria, Virginia, on 1 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Major G W Brent, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 1 May, 1861. The company was assigned to Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry, under the command of Acting Major & Captain F B Schaeffer, Beauregard Rifles, by Special Orders No.94, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861 (See Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry).

Sources

"On Tuesday the 27th November, a number of young men of the neighbourhood mwt at Lewinsville, Fairfax county, and organised a fine Cavalry Company, to be attached to the 60th Regiment, Virginia Militia, M. Dulany Ball was elected Captain, Jas. H. Crocker 1st and C, Walker Kirby 2d Lieutenants."

The Alexandria Gazette & Virginia Advertiser, 15 December, 1860 - Virginia news

"The Loudoun Guards, Capt. C. B. Tebbs, left that town for this place, yesterday."

The Alexandria Gazette & Virginia Advertiser, 25 April, 1861 - Loudoun Guards

"The National Volunteers who left Washington some time since, on account of the prevailing feeling there, have organised three volunteer companies. The following are the officers of company B: R Cleary, Captain; J Browers, 1st Lieut.; M C Bradford, 2d Lieut.; C O White, 3d Lieut. Company A is commanded by Capt. Boyle. Company C has not chosen its officers."

The Alexandria Gazette & Virginia Advertiser, 27 April, 1861 - National Volunteers

"The Richardson Guards, from Madison Court-House, Capt. Welch and Lieutenants Cave and Gordon, arrived in this city yesterday. They number 84 fine looking Virginia soldiers."

"The Fairfax Rifles, Captain W. A. Barnes, a fine looking company of men, arrived here yesterday, and went into barracks, on Prince street, near Fairfax."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 26 April, 1861 - From Alexandria

"The Richardson Guards, from Madison Court-House, Capt. Welch and Lieutenants Cave and Gordon, arrived in this city yesterday. They number 84 fine looking Virginia soldiers. The Fairfax Rifles, Captain W. A. Barnes, a fine looking company of men, arrived here yesterday, and went into barracks, on Prince street, near Fairfax. The Fairfax Cavalry, under command of Capt. M. B. Ball, arrived in this city last evening, making a fine show and attracting general attention."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 27 April, 1861 - From Alexandria

"The Warren Guards, which arrived here on Friday, were among the first troops at Harpers Ferry. They brought to this city with them improved arms and ammunition for the Alexandria soldiers."

The Alexandria Gazette & Virginia Advertiser, 29 April, 1861 - Warren Guards

"The National Volunteers, three companies, left yesterday morning for Culpeper Courthouse. Company A of the battalion have elected the following officers: Dr. Boyle, Captain; C K Sherman, 1st Lieutenant; Reu. Cleary, 2d Lieutenant; - Barker, 3d Lieutenant; W Maxwell, Orderly Sergeant."

The Alexandria Gazette & Virginia Advertiser, 29 April, 1861 - National Volunteers

"Captain Wm. H Dulany's Company Fairfax Riflemen, under command of Lieut. Wm. A. Barnes; the Border Guard, (Cavalry) Capt. M. Dulany Ball, and a detachment of Capt. James W. Jackson's Artillery Company, all left this place yesterday (Thursday) for Alexandria, where they will go into quarters for the present. Since writing the above the Riflemen have returned to this place."

The Alexandria Gazette & Virginia Advertiser, 29 April, 1861

"We learn from a friend that the Irish Volunteers and Emmett Guards, stationed at Manassas Station, are in good spirits and are having a good time generally."

The Alexandria Gazette & Virginia Advertiser, 14 May, 1861 - Irish Volunteers

"The Old Dominion Rifles, Capt. Herbert, returned to this city yesterday. The Rifles are now quartered at Aspen Grove."

The Alexandria Gazette & Virginia Advertiser, 20 May, 1861 - The Old Dominion Rifles

"The Loudoun Guards, (Company C,) and the Warren Rifles, (Company B,) were engaged with the Alexandria Battalion in the irksome duty of guarding the city of Alexandria previous to its evacuation. These companies were present when the Federal troops entered, and they marched out Duke Street, with the Battalion, in the memorable 24th of May 1861."

History of the Seventeenth Virginia Infantry, C.S.A, published by Kelly, Piet & Co. in Baltimore

"When regiments were organised at Manassas the Washington Volunteers becamea part of the Seventh Virginia Regiment of Infantry. The Beauregard Rifles participated in the Battle of Manassas unassigned."

"In his report on the occupation of the city Major General Charles W. Sandford, U. S. A., states that the capture of Captain W. D. Ball and thirty-five men of the Fairfax Cavalry was made by Sherman's battery of light artillery."

Manassas to Appomattox: The Civil War memoirs of Pvt. Edgar Warfield, 17th Virginia Infantry, by Edgar Warfield, Jr., and George Warfield

"Colonel Terrett was placed in command of a newly formed Fourth Brigade composed of Moore's, Garland's, and Corse's regiments of Virginia volunteers (the 1st, 11th, and 17th Regiments) on June 20, 1861, but the arrival of a newly commissioned Confederate brigadier, James Longstreet, brought about Terrett's replacement. He then commanded troops at Camp Pickens at Manassas, including a naval battery under Capt. Isaac S. Sterrett, CSN, from about July 10 to August 22, 1861, when he resigned his Virginia commission."

Biographical sketches of the commissioned officers of the Confederate States Marine Corps, by Ralph W Donnelly, revised, expanded, abd annotated by David M Sullivan

Northern Virginia's own: The 17th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Confederate States Army, by William M Glasgow, Jr., colonel, United States Army, retired

Life of James W. Jackson, the Alexandria hero, the slayer of Ellsworth, the first martyr in the cause of southern independence; containing a full account of the circumstances of his heroic death, and the many remarkable incidents in his eventful life, constituting a true history, more like romance than reality

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition, by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The Old Dominion Rifles, the Mount Vernon Guards, the Alexandria Riflemen, and the Alexandria Artillery were assigned to the Alexandria Battalion Volunteers, under the command of Major M D Corse, Old Dominion Rifles, on 19 February, 1861.

Note: The Old Dominion Rifles, the Mount Vernon Guards, the Alexandria Riflemen, and the Alexandria Artillery were assigned to the 175th Virginia Militia Infantry (Alexandria County), under the command of Colonel C E Stuart, Lieutenant Colonel H C Dorsey, and Major W T Padgett, on 18 February 1861.

Phoenix Hall, on Prince Street, Alexandria, & Manassas Junction, Virginia, Beauregard Rifles, 1 April & 1 May, 1861: The Beauregard Rifles was accepted in state service at Phoenix Hall, on Prince Street, Alexandria, Virginia, on 1 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Major G W Brent, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 1 May, 1861.

Alexandria Battalion Volunteers, 18-23 April, 1861: The Alexandria Battalion Volunteers were assigned to guard duty at Alexandria, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and a detachment of the Old Dominion Rifles, under the command of First Lieutenant W H Fowle, Jr., was assigned to picket duty at the Little Bridge, on Four Mile Run, and the Washington & Alexandria Turnpike, on 23 April, 1861.

Brigadier General P St G Cocke, 22-28 April, 1861

Captain P St G Cocke, Powhatan Troop, was appointed brigadier general, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Richmond, Virginia, and assigned to command the military operations of the State of Virginia bounding the Potomac River on 21 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Alexandria, Virginia, the same day and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad in the morning on 22 April, 1861.

Alexandria, Virginia, Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, 22-29 April, 1861: Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, established Headquarters, Potomac Department, at the Mansion House Hotel, on Fairfax Street, Alexandria, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861, and was stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, between 22 and 29 April, 1861.

Leesburg, Loudoun County, to Alexandria, Virginia, Loudoun Guards, 24 & 25 April, 1861: The Loudoun Guards was ordered to proceed by the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad to Alexandria, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and was assigned to barracks at Tenneesson's Old Restaurant, on Cameron Street, Alexandria, Virginia, the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861.

Troops stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, 24 April, 1861: The Alexandria Artillery was assigned to barracks at Lyceum Hall, Washington Street, Alexandria, Virginia; the Washington Home Guards or Fairfax Cavalry and the Mount Vernon Guards, Companies A and B, on Fairfax Street, between King and Prince Streets, Alexandria, Virginia; the Old Dominion Rifles on King Street, near Pitt Street, Alexandria, Virginia; the Alexandria Riflemen at the northeast corner of King and Columbus Streets, Alexandria, Virginia; and the Loudoun Guards at Tenneesson's Old Restaurant, on Cameron Street, Alexandria, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861.

Amissville, Rappahannock County, to Alexandria, Virginia, Rappahannock Cavalry, 24 April, 1861: The Rappahannock Cavalry arrived at Alexandria, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and was ordered to Amissville, Rappahannock County, Virginia, the same day (See Jenifer's Battalion Cavalry).

Richardson Guards, Alexandria, Virginia, 25 April, 1861: The Richardson Guards arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Alexandria, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Infantry).

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, to Alexandria, Virginia, Company D, 25 April, 1861: The Fairfax Rifles, under the command of First Lieutenant W A Barnes, was ordered to Alexandria, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Border Guards or Fairfax Cavalry, under the command of Captain M D Ball, and a detachment of Jackson's Artillery, under the command of Captain J W Jackson. The company arrived at Alexandria, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Note: The Fairfax Rifles was stationed at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861, and Jackson's Artillery was disbanded at Alexandria, Virginia, prior to 30 April, 1861.

Warren Rifles, Alexandria, Virginia, 26 April, 1861: The Warren Rifles arrived at Alexandria, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861.

Alexandria Battalion, Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery & Emmett Guards, 25 & 27 April, 1861: The Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery and the Emmett Guards were assigned to the Alexandria Battalion Volunteers on 25 and 27 April, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).

Note: Four brass 6 pounder smoothbores arrived at Alexandria, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861, and was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, the same day (See the Loudoun Artillery).

Redesignated, 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers, 27 April, 1861: The Alexandria Battalion Volunteers was redesignated the 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers by General Orders No.4, Headquarters, Potomac Division, Alexandria, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861.

Alexandria to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, 28 April, 1861: Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 28 April, 1861, and was accompanied by Lieutenant Colonel S Jones, assistant adjutant general, Provisional Army of Virginia. He arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day.

Note: Lieutenant Colonel S Jones, assistant adjutant general, Provisional Army of Virginia, arrived by the by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Alexandria, Virginia, in the evening on 27 April, 1861, and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861.

Alexandria to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, Washington Volunteers, Companies A, B, & C, 29 April, 1861: The Washington Volunteers, Companies A, B, and C, were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Major M D Corse, 29 April-1 May, 1861

Special Orders No.7, Headquarters, Potomac Division, Alexandria, Virginia, 29 April, 1861: Major M D Corse, 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers, was assigned to command the troops at Alexandria, Virginia, by Special Orders No.7, Headquarters, Potomac Division, Alexandria, Virginia, at 1.30 PM, on 29 April, 1861.

Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, 2-9 May, 1861

Captain C Boyle, Washington Volunteers, Company A, was appointed major, Provisional Army of Virginia, and Captain A S Taylor, United States Marine Corps, lieutenant colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 27 April, 1861.

Note: Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor and Major C Boyle, Provisional Army of Virginia, were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861.

Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, & Alexandria, Virginia, Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, Provisional Army of Virginia, 30 April & 2 May, 1861: Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to command the Washington Volunteers, Companies A, B, and C, at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 30 April, 1861, and the troops stationed in and around Alexandria, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861.

Alexandria to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, 3-4 May, 1861: The 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, in the evening on 3 May, 1861, but was an error by a telegraph operator who wrote 'battalion' instead of 'battery'. The battalion arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, in the morning on 4 May, 1861, and was ordered to Alexandria, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The Alexandria Artillery was stationed at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, between 4 and 9 May, 1861.

Troops stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, Provisional Army of Virginia, 5 May, 1861: 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers - Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery, Emmett Guards, Old Dominion Rifles, Mount Vernon Guards, Alexandria Riflemen; Washington Home Guards or Fairfax Cavalry, Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company A; Warren Rifles

Evacuation of Alexandria to Back Lick Run, near Springfield, Fairfax County, Virginia, 5-7 May, 1861: The Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery, the Emmett Guards, the Old Dominion Rifles, the Mount Vernon Guards, the Alexandria Riflemen, and the Warren Rifles evacuated Alexandria, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, Provisional Army of Virginia, at 11 PM on 5 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Taylor, on Back Lick Run, near Springfield, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 AM on 6 May, 1861. Colonel G H Terrett, Provisional Army of Virginia, arrived at Springfield, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 7 May, 1861, and the Old Dominion Rifles, the Mount Vernon Guards, the Alexandria Riflemen, and the Warren Rifles arrived at Alexandria, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day.

Note: The Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery and the Emmett Guards were ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, between 6 and 7 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant G B Cooke, Provisional Army of Virginia, and aide to Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to proceed by Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Springfield, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 7 May, 1861.

Leesburg, Loudoun County, to Alexandria, Virginia, Loudoun Guards & Loudoun Cavalry, 8 May, 1861: The Loudoun Guards and the Loudoun Cavalry were ordered to proceed by the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad to Alexandria, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861.

Colonel G H Terrett, 10-24 May, 1861

Colonel G H Terrett, Provisional Army of Virginia, was stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, on 5 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the troops at Alexandria, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

Alexandria to Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, Old Dominion Rifles, 9-19 May, 1861: The Old Dominion Rifles was assigned to guard commissionary stores at Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, between 9 and 19 May, 1861, and was stationed at Aspen or Peyton Grove, upper end of King Street, Alexandria, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861.

Note: The Old Dominion Rifles was stationed at Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 10 and 17 May, 1861, and the Prince William Rifles was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861.

Aqueduct Bridge, Georgetown, D. C., Washington Home Guards, 13 May, 1861: Detachments of the Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards were stationed at the Aqueduct Bridge, opposite Georgetown, D. C., on 13 May, 1861.

Note: The O'Connell Guards was assigned to the 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers on 20 May, 1861.

Troops stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, Colonel G H Terrett, Provisional Army of Virginia, 23 May, 1861: 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers - Alexandria Riflemen, Mount Vernon Guards, Old Dominion Rifles, O'Connell Guards; Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards, Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company A; Loudoun Guards, Warren Rifles

Evacuation of Alexandria to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: The 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers - Alexandria Riflemen, Mount Vernon Guards, Old Dominion Rifles, O'Connell Guards; the Warren Rifles, the Loudoun Guards, and the Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards were ordered to proceed by the Little River Turnpike to Manassas Junction, Virginia, under the command of Colonel G H Terrett, Provisional Army of Virginia, in the morning on 24 May, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Note: The O'Connell Guards were ordered to destroy the bridges on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad in the morning on 24 May, 1861.

Capture of Border Guards, 24 May, 1861: Thirty-six men of the Border Guards or Fairfax Cavalry, under the command of Captain M D Ball, were captured by the 1st Michigan Infantry and a section of the 3rd United States Artillery, Light Company E, under the command of Colonel O B Willcox, at Price, Birch & Co Slave Pen, on Duke Street, Alexandria, Virginia, at 5 AM on 24 May, 1861.

Organisation, 175th Virginia Militia Infantry (Alexandria County), 27 April, 1861: Colonel C E Stuart, Lieutenant Colonel H C Dorsey, Major W T Pagett; Mount Vernon Guards, Alexandria Riflemen, Old Dominion Rifles, Emmett Guards, Alexandria Artillery, Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery

Note: The 175th Virginia Militia Infantry (Alexandria County) was disbanded on 24 May, 1861.

Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor: Captain A S Taylor, United States Marine Corps, was assigned to garrison duty at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, between 9-26 January, 1861, and resigned on 25 April, 1861, dated 8 May, 1861 (See the United States Marine Corps Battalion). He was appointed lieutenant colonel, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 27 April, 1861, dated 8 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel A S Taylor, infantry, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to command the Washington Volunteers, Companies A, B, and C, at Culpeper Courthouse, Virginia, on 30 April, 1861, and to command the troops stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, in the morning on 2 May, 1861. He was assigned to command Camp Henry, near Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.49, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and was appointed captain, Confederate States Marine Corps, on 4 December, 1861.

Colonel G H Terrett, Provisional Army of Virginia: Brevet Major & Captain G H Terrett, United States Marine Corps, resigned on 22 April, 1861, and arrived at Richmond, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861. He was appointed colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 27 April, 1861, and was assigned to command the troops stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, and Fairfax, Loudoun, Prince William, and Fauquier counties on 10 May, 1861. Colonel G H Terrett, Provisional Army of Virginia, evacuated Alexandria, Virginia, in the morning on 24 May, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day. He was assigned to command the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No. 20, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and to command Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.92, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861 (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac). Colonel G H Terrett was appointed major, Confederate States Marine Corps, on 22 August, 1861.

Note: A detachment of forty men of the United States Marine Corps, under the command of Brevet Major & Captain G H Terrett, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Philadelphia to Fort Washington, Prince George's County, Mayland, in the afternoon on 5 January, 1861, and were assigned to garrison duty between 5 and 26 January, 1861. Captain A S Taylor, United States Marine Corps, was assigned to command Fort Washington, Prince George's County, Mayland, between 9 and 26 January, 1861, and Brevet Major & Captain G H Terrett was ordered to the Marine Barracks, Washington, D. C., on 9 January, 1861 (See the United States Marine Corps Battalion).

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT No.5: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp42-43
Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, commanding at Manassas Junction, Virginia, dated Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 24-25 May, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT No.6: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp43-44
Colonel G H Terrett, Confederate States Army, commanding at Alexandria, dated Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 24 and 28 May, 1861

Orders of Battle

The above painting, 'The Fourth Alabama', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historical artist.