The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Department Of Washington

Colonel M Einstei

Captain J R Smead, National Rifles, 3rd District of Columbia Militia Infantry

District of Columbia Militia

Colonel & Inspector General C P Stone, District of Columbia Volunteers

President's Mounted Guards

CAPT. S W Owen

The company was organised at the Armory of the Washington Light Infantry, Washington, D.C., under the command of Captain J Peck, on 13 June, 1853, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army,, United States Army, on 26 April, 1861. The company was assigned to picket duty at Washington, D. C., on 21 April, 1861.

Note: Captain J Peck, President's Mounted Guards, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 6th District of Columbia Militia Infantry, at Washington, D. C., on 15 January, 1861, and S W Owen was appointed captain, President's Mounted Guards, on 6 March, 1861, dated 15 January, 1861.

General Orders No.9, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 18 February, 1861: The President's Mounted Guards was assigned to the 1st Brigade, District of Columbia Militia, under the command of Brigadier General P F Bacon, by General Orders No.9, Paragraph III, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 February, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Arlington County, & Alexandria, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: A squad of the President's Mounted Guards and guides, under the command of Captain S W Owen, were ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 2 AM on 24 May, 1861, and a detachment of the President's Mounted Guards, under the command of Second Lieutenant M S Smith, at the Aqueduct Bridge, Georgetown, D. C., at 3 AM the same day (See the Occupation of Alexandria and Arlington Heights).

Note: The 1st Michigan Infantry accompanied by Captain S W Owen, and a section of the 3rd United States Artillery, Light Company E, arrived at Duke Street, Alexandria, Virginia, under the command of Colonel O B Willcox, at 5 AM on 24 May, 1861, and captured thirty-six men of the Border Guards or Fairfax Cavalry, under the command of Captain M D Ball, at Price, Birch & Co Slave Pen, on Duke Street, Alexandria, Virginia, the same day.

Rockville Expedition, 10-30 June, 1861

The President's Mounted Guards was ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, as part of an expedition, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, on 10 June, 1861 (See the Rockville Expedition).

Washington to Tennallytown, D. C., 10 June, 1861: The President's Mounted Guards arrived at Tennallytown, D. C., at 11 AM on 10 June, 1861.

Tennallytown, D. C., to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, 11-12 June, 1861: The President's Mounted Guards was ordered to proceed by the Poolesville Road to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 5 PM on 11 June, 1861, and arrived at Hurley's, on the Poolesville Road, one mile above Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 2 AM on 12 June, 1861.

Note: A detachment of twenty men of the President's Mounted Guards was ordered to Edwards Ferry, on the Potomac River, in the evening on 15 June, 1861, and the President's Mounted Guards was stationed at Camp Martin, near Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 19 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.109, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., 30 June, 1861: Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.109, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 30 June, 1861.

Edwards Ferry, on the Potomac River, to Washington, D. C., 3-4 July, 1861: The President's Mounted Guards was ordered to Washington, D. C., in the morning on 3 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry. The company arrived at Seneca Mills, on Seneca Creek, Mountgomery County, Maryland, the same day and was ordered to Washington, D. C., in the afternoon on 3 July, 1861. The President's Mounted Guards was accompanied by the 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, and a section of the 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D, and arrived in the morning on 4 July, 1861.

Note: The President's Mounted Guards was stationed at Edwards Ferry, on the Potomac River, on 2 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Columbian Armory, on the corner of Maine Avenue & Sixth Street, Washington, D. C., 19 July, 1861: The President's Mounted Guards was mustered out at the Columbian Armory, on the corner of Maine Avenue and Sixth Street, Washington, D. C., on 19 July, 1861 .

FIRST DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA MILITIA BATTALION INFANTRY

Major J McH. Hollingsworth
Lieutenant Colonel J McH. Hollingsworth, 8th District of Columbia Militia Infantry, was assigned to command the 1st District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Unlettered Company Anderson Rifles, Company A: CAPT. C H Rodier
The company was organised at Georgetown, D. C., on 7 January, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C, at 10 AM on 12 April, 1861. The company was mustered in United States service at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 13 April, 1861, and was stationed at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., on 25 May, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C, on 13 July, 1861.

Note: C H Rodier was appointed captain, Anderson Rifles, Company A, on 2 February, 1861, dated 9 January, 1861, and the Anderson Rifles, Companies A and B, were ordered to proceed by the Aqueduct Bridge, Georgetown, D. C., to Analoston Island, on the Potomac River, on 28 February, 1861. The Anderson Rifles, Company B, was organised at Georgetown, D. C., under the command of Captain F W Jones, in the evening on 10 January, 1861, and Captain F W Jones, Anderson Rifles, Company B, resigned on 16 April, 1861.

Unlettered Company Carrington Home Guards: CAPT. J B Goddard
The company was organised at Georgetown, D. C., on 10 January, 1861, and was mustered in United States service at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 16 April, 1861. The company was ordered to the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., on 25 May, 1861, and proceeded to Washington, D. C., on 2 June, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., in the morning on 17 July, 1861.

Note: J B Goddard was appointed captain, Carrington Home Guards, at Georgetown, D. C., on 2 February, 1861, dated 10 January, 1861, and was ordered to the War Department, near the President's or White House, Washington, D. C., at 3 PM on 10 April, 1861. The company was accompanied by the Potomac Light Infantry.

Unlettered Company Potomac Light Guard: CAPT. R Boyd
The company was organised at Georgetown, D. C., in the evening on 15 April, 1861, and mustered in United States service at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 18 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., on 16 July, 1861.

Note: The Potomac Light Infantry was organised at Dumbarton Street, Georgetown, D. C., under the command of Captain J M Hollingsworth, on 26 July, 1858, and was ordered to the War Department, near the President's or White House, Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain I J McKenney, at 3 PM on 10 April, 1861. The company was accompanied by the Carrington Home Guards and was disbanded on 14 April, 1861. R Boyd was appointed captain, Potomac Light Guard, at Washington, D. C., on 15 April, 1861.

Unlettered Company Andrew Johnson Guards: CAPT. J H McBlair
The company was organised at First Ward, Washington, D. C., on 17 April, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 23 April, 1861. Captain J H McBlair was appointed first lieutenant, 15th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861, and the company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., on 23 July, 1861.

Note: J H McBlair was appointed captain, Andrew Johnson Guards, at Washington, D. C., on 17 April, 1861.

The 1st District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C., between 9 and 27 April, 1861, and was organised at Georgetown, D. C., by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, & Alexandria, 23 May, 1861: The Anderson Rifles, Company A, was ordered across the Potomac River at the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles Georgetown, D. C., at 10 PM on 23 May, 1861, and the Carrington Home Guards, the Potomac Light Infantry, and the Andrew Johnson Guards, under the command of Major J McH. Hollingsworth, at the Aqueduct Bridge, Georgetown, D. C., at 11.30 PM the same day (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., 25 & 26 May, 1861: The Carrington Home Guards was ordered to the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., in the evening on 25 May, 1861, and the Andrew Johnson Guards on 26 May, 1861.

Little Falls, on the Potomac River, near the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two & a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., 28 May, 1861: The Anderson Rifles, Company A, was ordered to Little Falls, on the Potomac River, in the morning on 28 May, 1861, and arrived at Little Falls, on the Potomac River, near the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., the same day.

Note: The Carrington Home Guards and the Andrew Johnson Guards were stationed at Camp Hollingsworth, on the heights overlooking the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., under the command of Major J McH. Hollingsworth, on 31 May, 1861.

Little Falls, on the Potomac River, & Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two & a half miles Georgetown, D. C., 5 June, 1861: The Anderson Rifles, Company A, was stationed at Little Falls, near the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., and the Carrington Home Guards, the Potomac Light Guard, and the Andrew Johnson Guards at Camp Hollingsworth, on the heights overlooking the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., on 5 June, 1861.

Reconnaissance to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The Anderson Rifles, Company A, was ordered across the Potomac River, six miles above Little Falls, on reconnaissance towards Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hollingsworth, on the heights overlooking the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., via Langley, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Chain Bridge, or Little Falls Bridge, two & a half miles above Georgetown, to Georgetown, D. C., 9 July, 1861: The 3rd Michigan Infantry arrived at the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., on 9 July, 1861, and the Anderson Rifles, Company A, and the Potomac Light Guard were ordered to Georgetown, D. C., in the evening on 9 July, 1861 (See the 3rd Michigan Infantry). The Andrew Johnson Guards and the Carrington Home Guards were ordered to Georgetown, D. C., on 11 July, 1861.

General Orders No.5, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 6 February, 1861: The Potomac Light Infantry, the Anderson Rifles, Companies A and B, the Scott Rifles, the Carrington Home Guards, and the District of Columbia Rifles were organised as the 1st Georgetown Volunteer Battalion infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J McH. Hollingsworth, 8th District of Columbia Militia Infantry, and were assigned to the 8th District of Columbia Militia Infantry, by Special Orders No.5, Paragraphs I and II, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., respectively, on 6 February, 1861.

Mustered out, Washington, D. C., 13-23 July, 1861: The 1st District of Columbia Militia Infantry was mustered out at Washington, D. C., between 13 and 23 July, 1861.

Note: The Anderson Rifles, Company A, was s assigned to the 1st District of Columbia Infantry on 23 July, 1861.

Second DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA MILITIA BATTALION INFANTRY

Major J G Jewell
J G Jewell was appointed major, Union Volunteers or Regiment, 1st Battalion Infantry, at Washington, D. C., on 23 February, 1861, and was assigned to command the 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Unletterd Company Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company A: CAPT. E C Carrington
The company was organised at Temperance Hall, Third Ward, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 7 January, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 13 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., in the afternoon on 10 July, 1861.

Note: E C Carrington was appointed captain, Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company A, at Temperance Hall, Third Ward, Washington, D. C., on 7 January, 1861.

Unletterd Company Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company B: CAPT. J Kelly
The company was organised at the First Ward, Washington, D.C., in the evening on 8 January, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 11 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., on 11 July, 1861.

Note: J Kelly was appointed captain, Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company B, at Washington, D. C., on 2 February, 1861, dated 21 January, 1861.

Unletterd Company Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company D (Federal Rifles): CAPT. J McClelland
The company was organised at the Franklin Engine House, Second Ward, Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain J H Dubant, in the evening on 29 January, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 20 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., on 20 July, 1861.

Note: Captain J H Dubant, Federal Rifles, was appointed captain, Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company D, at Washington, D. C., on 1 March, 1861, and J McCelland on 15 April, 1861.

Unlettered Company Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company E, (Watson Guards): CAPT. J N Callan
The company was organised on 15 and 16 April, 1861, and was mustered in United States service at Washington, D.C., at 1 PM by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 22 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., on 22 July, 1861.

Note: J N Callan was appointed captain, Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company E, at Washington, D. C., on 20 April, 1861.

Unletterd Company Henderson Guards: CAPT. G J L Foxwell
The company was organised at the First Ward, Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain R H Henderson, on 26 July, 1860, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 15 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D.C., on 15 July, 1861.

Note: Captain R H Henderson resigned at Washington, D. C., in the evening on 25 February, 1861, and First Lieutenant G J L Foxwell was appointed captain on 25 March, 1861, dated 25 February, 1861.

The 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was organised at Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service for three months between 9 and 27 April, 1861.

General Orders No.12, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 28 February, 1861: The Union Volunteers or Regiment, 1st Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, and C, under the command of Major J G Jewell, were assigned to the 4th District of Columbia Militia Infantry, by General Orders No.12, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 28 February, 1861.

Note: The Union Volunteers or Regiment, 1st Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, and D, under the command of Major J G Jewell, were ordered to rendezvous at Temperance Hall, on East Street, Washington, D. C., at 9 PM on 28 February, 1861.

President's or White House & General Post Office building, between E & F Streets & Seventh & Eighth Streets, Washington, D. C., 22 April, 1861: A detachment of forty men of the Union Volunteers or Regiment, Company B, under the command of Captain J Kelly, and the Frontier Guards were stationed at the President's or White House, Washington, D. C., and the Union Volunteers or Regiment, Company A, at the General Post Office building, between E and F Streets and Seventh and Eighth Streets, Washington, D. C., on 22 April, 1861 (See the Independent Companies).

Rockville Expedition, 10-30 June, 1861

The 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, as part of an expedition, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, on 10 June, 1861 (See the Rockville Expedition).

Washington to Tennallytown, D. C., 10 June, 1861: The 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry arrived at Tennallytown, D. C., at 11 AM on 10 June, 1861.

Tennallytown , D. C., to Seneca Mills, on Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland, 12 June, 1861: The 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to Seneca Mills, on Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the morning on 12 June, 1861, and arrived at to Camp Shady, near Seneca Mills, on Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 4 PM the same day.

Note: The Union Regiment, Company A, under the command of First Lieutenant H B Curtis; the Union Regiment, Company B, under the command of Captain J Kelly; the Union Regiment, Company D, under the command of Captain J McClelland; and the Henderson Rifles, under the command of Captain G J L Foxwell, were stationed at Camp Shady, near Seneca Mills, on Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 13 June, 1861, and Colonel C P Stone,14th United States Infantry, was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.109, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 30 June, 1861.

Seneca Mills, on Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 3-4 July, 1861: The 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to Washington, D. C., in the afternoon on 3 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, the President's Mounted Guards, and a section of the 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D. The battalion arrived at Washington, D. C., in the morning on 4 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Washington, D. C., 10-22 July, 1861: The 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was mustered out at Washington, D. C., between 10 and 22 July, 1861.

Third DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA MILITIA BATTALION INFANTRY

Acting Major & Capt. J R Smead
First Lieutenant J R Smead, 2nd United States Artillery, was appointed captain, National Rifles, on 20 March, 1861, and captain, 5th United States Artillery, by General Orders No.65, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., at Camp No.5, near Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 23 August, 1861, dated 1 July, 1861. Acting Major & Captain J R Smead, National Rifles, was stationed at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 17 July, 1861, and resigned on 29 July, 1861.

Company A National Rifles: First LT. A D Davis
The company was organised at Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain F B Schaeffer, in 1860 and was mustered in United States service, at 4 PM by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 15 April, 1861. The company was assigned to guard duty on board the steamer St Nicholas and at the Telegragh Office, Washington, D. C., on 19 April, 1861, and was mustered out at Washington, D. C., on 15 July, 1861.

Note: Captain F B Schaeffer, National Rifles, resigned at Washington, D. C., on 12 March, 1861, and was appointed captain, Beauregard Rifles, at Pheonix Hall, on Prince Street, Alexandria, Virginia, on 1 April, 1861 (See the Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry). First Lieutenant J R Smead, 2nd United States Artillery, was appointed captain, National Rifles, at Washington, D. C, on 20 March, 1861, and A D Davis second lieutenant, National Rifles, on 3 April, 1861.

Unletterd Company Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company F: CAPT. J Fletcher
The company was organised at Monument House, Washington, D.C., in the evening on 17 April, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 24 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D.C., on 24 July, 1861.

Note: Major J Fletcher was appointed captain, Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company F, at Guy's Monument House, on Fourteenth Street, Washington, D. C, in the evening on 17 April, 1861.

Unlettered Company Slemmer Guards: CAPT. H M Knight
The company was organised at Thorn's Hall, on Seventh Street, Washington, D.C., in the evening on 15 April, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 18 April, 1861. The company mustered out at Washington, D. C., in the morning on 18 July, 1861.

Note: H M Knight was appointed captain, Slemmer Guards, at Thorn's Hall, on Seventh Street, Washington, D. C, on 15 April, 1861.

Unlettered Company Cameron Guards: CAPT. J Elder
The company was organised at Globe House, on Seventh Street, Fourth Ward, Washington, D.C., in the evening on 15 April, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army,on 20 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., on 20 July, 1861.

Note: Colonel J Elder was appointed captain, Cameron Guards, at Washington, D. C, in the evening on 15 April, 1861.

The 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C., between 9 and 27 April, 1861, and was organised by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, 25 April, 1861: The National Rifles was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, in the morning on 25 April, 1861, and arrived the same day. The company was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 10 AM on 25 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the 7th New York States Militia Infantry. The National Rifles arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 12 PM the same day (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Occupation of Arlington Heights & Alexandria, Alexandria County, 23-24 May, 1861: The National Rifles and the Union Volunteers, Company F, were stationed at and near the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 23 May, 1861, and the National Rifles, under the command of Colonel & Inspector General C P Stone, District of Columbia Volunteers, was ordered to proceed by the Columbia Turnpike to Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 24 May, 1861. The company was accompanied by the Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company E, and the Constitutional Guards (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria). The National Rifles arrived at Four Miles Run, near Roach's Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day.

Four Miles Run, near Roach's Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, to Washington, D. C., 25 May, 1861: The National Rifles was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 6.30 AM on 25 May, 1861.

Rockville Expedition, 10-30 June, 1861

The 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, as part of an expedition, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, on 10 June, 1861 (See the Rockville Expedition).

Note: Acting Major & Captain J R Smead, 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, was appointed acting assistant quartermaster, Rockville Expedition, on 10 June, 1861.

Washington to Tennallytown, D. C., 10 June, 1861: The 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry arrived at Tennallytown, D. C., in the afternoon on 10 June, 1861.

Tennallytown, D. C., to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, 11-13 June, 1861: The 3rd District of Columbia Miltia Battalion Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Rockville Turnpike to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 5 PM on 11 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the President's Mounted Guards and Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry. The battalion arrived at Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 2 AM on 12 June, 1861.

Rockville to Darnestown, Montgomery County, Maryland, 18 June, 1861: The 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Poolesville Road to Darnestown, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the evening on 18 June, 1861, and was stationed one mile above Darnestown, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 22 June, 1861.

Darnestown to Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, 23 June, 1861: The 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Poolesville Road to Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 23 June, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Note: The 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was stationed at Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, between 23 June and 3 July, 1861.

Special Orders No.109, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., 30 June, 1861: Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.109, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 30 June, 1861.

Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 3-4 July, 1861: The 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to Washington, D. C., in the morning on 3 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the President's Mounted Guards. The battalion arrived at Seneca Mills, on Seneca Creek, Mountgomery County, Maryland, the same day and was ordered to Washington, D. C., in the afternoon on 3 July, 1861. The 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was accompanied by the 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, the President's Mounted Guards, and a section of the 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D, and arrived in the morning on 4 July, 1861.

Note: A detachment of fifty to seventy-five men of the Slemmer Guards, the Union Volunteers or Regiment, Company F, and the National Rifles were assigned to guard the wagon train, baggage and provisions, under the command of Acting Major & Captain J R Smead, 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, on 1 July, 1861, and were stationed at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 16 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Washington, D. C., 15-24 July, 1861: The 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was mustered out at Washington, D. C., between 15 and 24 July, 1861.

Fourth DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA MILITIA BATTALION INFANTRY

Lieutenant Colonel L Towers
L Towers was appointed captain, Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company A, on 11 February, 1861, and was assigned to command the 4th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Unlettered Company Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company A: Capt. L D Williams
The company was mustered in United States service, under the command of Captain L Towers, at Washington, D.C., by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 11 April, 1861, and was mustered out at Washington, D. C., on 10 July, 1861.

Note: Captain L Towers was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, at Washington, D. C., on 1 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant L D Williams captain the same day.

Unlettered Company Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company E (Zouaves): CAPT. J T Powell
The company was organised at Thorn's Hall, on Seventh Street, Washington, D. C., on 24 February, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 20 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., in the afternoon on 17 July, 1861.

Note: First Lieutenant J T Powell was appointed captain, Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company E (Zouaves), at Washington, D. C., on 15 April, 1861.

Unlettered Company Washington Light Guards: CAPT. S H A Marks, Jr.
The company was organised at Odd Fellows Hall, Navy Yard, Sixth Ward, Washington, D.C., in the evening on 11 January, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 17 April, 1861. The company was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 10 AM on 11 July, 1861, and was mustered out in the afternoon on 17 July, 1861.

Note: S H A Marks, Jr., was appointed captain, Washington Light Guards, at Odd Fellows Hall, Navy Yard, Sixth Ward, Washington, D. C., on 8 February, 1861, dated 11 January, 1861.

Unlettered Company District Union Rifles: CAPT. C J Morrison
The company was organised at Tennallytown, D. C., on 15 February, 1861, and was mustered in United States service at Washington, D.C., by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 24 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., on 16 July, 1861.

Note: C J Morrison was appointed captain, District Union Rifles, at Washington, D. C., on 15 February, 1861.

Organisation of Washington Light Battalion Infantry, 3 January, 1861: Major J Y Davis; Company A, Captain L Towers; Company B, Captain P M Dubant; Company C, Captain C S Stevens

The 4th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D.C., between 9 and 27 April, 1861, and was organised by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Note: The Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, and C, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J Y Davis, were assigned as a military escort to President A Lincoln on 4 March, 1861.

General Orders No.9, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 18 February, 1861: The Washington Light Guards was assigned to the 3rd District of Columbia Militia Infantry, under the command of Colonel M E Bright, by General Orders No.9, Paragraph IV, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 February, 1861.

Aquia Creek Landing, overlooking the Potomac River & Aquia Creek, 19 April, 1861: The Washington Battalion Light Infantry, Company E, under the command of Captain L Towers, was ordered to deliver the steamers Mount Vernon, Baltimore, Powhatan, and Philadelphia to the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain F Buchanan, United States Navy, on 19 April, 1861.

Note: The steamers Mount Vernon, Baltimore, Powhatan, and Philadelphia were stationed at Aquia Creek Landing, overlooking the Potomac River and Aquia Creek, on 19 April, 1861.

Special Orders No.12 & 16, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 19 & 21 April, 1861: The Washington Battalion Light Infantry, Company A, was assigned to guard the steamers Baltimore, Mount Vernon, Philadelphia, and Powhatan, under the command of Brevet Major & Captain J Pemberton, 4th United States Artillery, by Special Orders No.12, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to convey the steamers Baltimore, Mount Vernon, Philadelphia, and Powhatan to the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., by Special Orders No.16, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 21 April, 1861 (See the United States Army, Department of Washington).

Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., 22 April, 1861: The Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company A, under the command of Captain L Towers, was stationed at the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., under the command of Acting Commandant J A Dahlgren, United States Navy, on 22 April, 1861.

Annapolis, Howard County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 26 April, 1861: The Washington Light Guards arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 12 PM on 26 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th Massachusetts Infantry, four companies of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry, under the command of Colonel S C Lawrence, and the first detachment of the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, under the command of Colonel A E Burnside.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, & Alexandria, 23–24 May, 1861: The Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company E, was stationed at the Virginia end of the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., and Company A, on Maryland Avenue, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 23 May, 1861 (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria). The Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company E, under the command of Colonel & Inspector General C P Stone, District of Columbia Volunteers, was ordered to proceed by the Columbia Turnpike to Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 24 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the National Rifles and the Constitutional Guards. The Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company E, arrived at Four Miles Run, near Roach's Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day. The Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company E, was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 6.30 AM on 25 May, 1861.

Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two & a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., 4 June, 1861: The Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Companies A and E, and the Potomac Light Guard were ordered to the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., in the afternoon on 4 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Jim Davis, on the heights overlooking the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C.,the same day.

Note: The Washington Light Guards declined to proceed to the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., in the afternoon on 4 June, 1861, and was assigned to provost duty at Georgetown, D. C., between 4 June and 11 July, 1861.

Cabin John Bridge, above Little Falls, on the Potomac River, 17 June,1861: The Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company E, was ordered to Cabin John Bridge, three miles above Camp Jim Davis, on the heights overlooking the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., in the morning on 17 June, 1861.

Note: The Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company A, the District Union Rifles, and the 2nd Michigan Infantry were ordered to build breastworks near the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., in June 1861 (See the 2nd Michigan Infantry).

Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two & a half miles above Georgetown, to Washington, D. C., 9 & 10 July, 1861: The Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company E, was ordered to the Armory on Seventh Street, Washington, D. C, in the afternoon on 9 July, 1861, and arrived the same day. The Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company A, and the District Union Rifles were ordered to Washington, D. C., in the afternoon on 10 July, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Mustered out, at Washington, D.C., 10-17 July, 1861: The 4th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was mustered out at Washington, D. C., between 10 and 17 July, 1861.

Fifth DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA MILITIA BATTALION INFANTRY

Lieutenant Colonel C Everett
Brigade Inspector C Everett was appointed lieutenant colonel and was assigned to command the 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Unlettered Company Metropolitan Rifles: CAPT. W H Nalley
The company was organised at the Metropolitan Hook & Ladder Company Hall, Fourth Ward, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 8 January, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 11 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D.C., on 11 July, 1861.

Note: A R Allen was appointed captain, Metroplitan Rifles, at Washington, D.C., on 30 January, 1861, and resigned in the evening on 25 February, 1861. First Lieutenant W H Nalley was appointed captian on 5 April, 1861, dated 21 March, 1861.

Unlettered Company Jackson Guards (Sappers & Miners): CAPT. J McDermott
The company was organised at Washington, D. C., on 13 February, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 18 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., on 18 July, 1861.

Note: J McDermott was appointed captain, Jackson Guards, at Washington, D. C., on 27 March, 1861, dated 13 February, 1861.

Unletterd Company Putnam Rifles, Company A: CAPT. G Thistleton
The company was organised at Island Hall, Seventh Ward, Washington, D. C., on 1 February, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 11 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., on 24 July, 1861.

Note: G Thistleton was appointed captain, Putnam Rifles, Company A, at Washington, D. C., on 11 Febraury, 1861, dated 1 February, 1861.

Unletterd Company Putnam Rifles, Company B: CAPT. J B Greenwell
The company was organised at Washington, D. C., on 16 April, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 22 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., on 11 July, 1861.

Note: Captain J B Greenwell's commision as captain was not received by Lieutennant Colonel C Everett, 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, on 16 May, 1861.

Unletterd Company Constitutional Guards (formerly Crittenden Rifles): Capt. W H Degges
The company was organised at Temperance Hall, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 16 January, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 17 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D.C., in the afternoon on 17 July, 1861.

Note: W H Degges was appointed captain, Constitutional Guards, at Washington, D. C., on 7 March, 1861, dated 11 January, 1861.

The 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D.C., between 9 and 27 April, 1861, and was organised by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Patent Office, on F & G Streets & Seventh & Ninth Streets, Washington, D. C., 22 April, 1861: The Metropolitan Rifles was stationed at the Patent Office, on F and G Streets and Seventh and Ninth Streets, Washington, D. C., on 22 April, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, & Alexandria, 23-24 May, 1861: The Metropolitan Rifles, under the command of First Lieutenant Chauncey, and the Putnam Rifles, Company A, were stationed at and near the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., and the Constitutional Guards at the Virginia end of the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 23 May, 1861 (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria). The Constitutional Guards, under the command of Colonel & Inspector General C P Stone, District of Columbia Volunteers, was ordered to proceed by the Columbia Turnpike to Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 24 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the National Rifles and the Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company E. The Constitutional Guards arrived at Four Miles Run, near Roach's Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day and was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 6.30 AM on 25 May, 1861.

Rockville Expedition, 10-30 June, 1861

The 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, as part of an expedition, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, at 10 AM on 10 June, 1861 (See the Rockville Expedition).

Washington to Tennallytown, D. C., 10 June, 1861: The 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry arrived at Tennallytown, D. C., at 11 AM on 10 June, 1861.

Tennallytown, D. C., to Great Falls, on the Potomac River, & Aqueduct, near Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland, 12 June, 1861: The 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to proceed by canal boats at the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., to Great Falls, on the Potomac River, and the Aqueduct, near Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 7 AM on 12 June, 1861, and the Constitutional Guards arrived at Great Falls, on the Potomac River, thirteen miles above Georgetown, D. C., and the Metropolitan Rifles, the Putman Rifles, Company A, and a detachment of the Jackson Guards at Camp Seneca, the Aqueduct, near Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland, twenty-four miles above Georgetown, D. C., at 4 PM the same day.

Note: The Jackson Guards, eighty-nine men; the Constitutional Guards, thirty-two men; the Metropolitam Rifles, twenty men; and the Putnam Rifles, Company A, forty-two men were stationed at Washington, D. C., under the command of First Lieutenant O'Mears, on 12 June, 1861, and Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.109, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 30 June, 1861.

Great Falls, on the Potomac River, & Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 3 July, 1861: The 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 12 PM on 3 July, 1861, and arrived at 9.30 PM the same day.

Mustered out, at Washington, D.C., 11-24 July, 1861: The 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to Washington D. C. at 9.30 PM on 3 July, 1861, and was mustered out at Washington, D.C., between 11 and 24 July, 1861.

Sixth DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA MILITIA BATTALION INFANTRY

Lieutenant Colonel J A Tait
Colonel J A Tait, 1st District of Columbia Militia Infantry, was appointed lieutenant colonel and assigned to command the 6th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Unletterd Company National Guard Battalion Infantry, Company A: Capt. T E Lloyd
The company was organised at Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain J A Tait, in 1853 and was mustered in United States service at Washington, D.C., by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 16 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at the Columbian Armory, Washington, D. C., on 15 July, 1861.

Note: T E Lloyd was appointed first lieutenant, National Guard, on 22 February, 1856, and first lieutenant, National Guard Battalion Infantry, Company A, at Washington, D. C., on 12 February, 1861, dated 22 February, 1861. The National Guard Battalion Infantry, Company A, was assigned to the 6th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, under the command of Captain T E Lloyd, on 3 May, 1861.

Unletterd Company National Guard Battalion Infantry, Company C: CAPT. T E Clark
The company was organised at Odd Fellows' Hall, Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain S A H McKim, on 27 February, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 11 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D.C., on 15 July, 1861.

Note: S A H McKim was appointed captain, National Guard Battalion Infantry, Company C, at Washington, D. C., on 27 February, 1861, and resigned on 4 June, 1861.

Unletterd Company National Guard Battalion Infantry, Company E: CAPT. R Morgan
The company was organised at the Navy Yard, Washington, D.C., on 15 April, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 18 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D.C., in the afternoon on 17 July, 1861.
Unletterd Company National Guard Battalion Infantry, Company F: CAPT. W P Ferguson
The company was organised at the Navy Yard, Washington, D.C., in the evening on 17 April, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 22 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D.C., on 22 July, 1861.

Note: W P Ferguson was appointed captain, National Guard Battalion Infantry, Company F, at Washington, D. C., on 17 April, 1861.

The 6th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was organised at Washington, D.C., on 3 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service for three months between 9 and 27 April, 1861.

North wing of the Capitol building, Washington, D. C., 19 April, 1861: The National Guard Battalion Infantry, Company E, was stationed at the north wing of the Capitol building, Washington, D. C., on 19 April, 1861.

Mustered out, Washington, D.C., 11-22 July, 1861: The 6th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was mustered out at Washington, D.C., between 11 and 22 July, 1861.

seventh DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA MILITIA BATTALION INFANTRY

Major P H King
P H King was appointed captain Union Guards on 26 January, 1860, and captain, National Guard Battalion Infantry, Company B, at Washington, D. C., on 6 February, 1861. Captain P H King was appointed major and assigned to command the 7th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Unlettered Company Mechanics Union Rifles: CAPT. A Rutherford
The company was organised at Temperance Hall, at Washington, D.C., in the evening on 12 January, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 11 April, 1861. The company was stationed at the South Wing, Capital Building, Washington, D.C., on 26 June, 1861, and was mustered out on 11 July, 1861.

Note: A Rutherford was appointed captain, Mechanics Union Rifles, at Washington, D. C., on 1 February, 1861, dated 16 January, 1861.

Unlettered Company Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company D (Howitzer Corps): CAPT. J Cross
The company was organised at Sixth Ward, Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., on 28 January, 1861, and was mustered in United States service as an howitzer corps by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 15 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D.C., on 15 July, 1861.

Note: J Cross was appointed captain, Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company D (Howitzer Corps), at Washington, D. C., on 18 February, 1861, dated 28 January, 1861.

Unlettered Company Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company C: CAPT. G W Miller
The company was organised at Washington, D.C., on 14 February, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 17 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at the Columbian Armory, Washington, D. C., in the morning on 17 July, 1861.

Note: S E Arnold was appointed captain, Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company C, at Washington, D. C., on 14 February, 1861, and resigned on 11 April, 1861. First Lieutenant G W Miller was appointed captain on 20 April, 1861, dated 11 April, 1861.

Unlettered Company City Guards: Capt. R C Clarke
The company was organised at Washington, D.C., on 6 February, 1861, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 24 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D.C., on 24 July, 1861.

Note: R C Clarke was appointed captain, City Guards, at Washington, D. C., on 6 February, 1861.

Organisation of Washington Light Battalion Infantry, 3 January, 1861: Major J Y Davis; Company A, Captain L Towers; Company B, Captain P M Dubant; Company C, Captain C S Stevens

The 7th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D.C., between 11 and 24 April, 1861, and was organised by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

General Orders No.11, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 23 February, 1861: The Mechanic Union Rifles was assigned to the 1st District of Columbia Militia Infantry, under the command of Colonel J A Tait, by General Orders No.11, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 23 February, 1861.

General Orders No.12, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 28 February, 1861: The Union Volunteers or Regiment, 1st Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, and C, were assigned to the 4th District of Columbia Militia Infantry, by General Orders No.12, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 28 February, 1861.

Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., 22 April, 1861: The Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company C, under the command of Captain G W Miller, was stationed at the Ordnance Shop, Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., under the command of Acting Commandant & Captian J A Dahlgren, United States Navy, on 22 April, 1861.

Note: The Union Volunteers or Regiment, 1st Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, and D, under the command of Major J G Jewell, was ordered to rendezvous at Temperance Hall, on East Street, Washington, D. C., at 9 PM on 28 February, 1861.

Mustered out, Washington, D.C., 11-24 July, 1861: The 7th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was mustered out at Washington, D.C., between 11 and 24 July, 1861.

EigHth DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA MILITIA BATTALION INFANTRY

Major A Balbach
A Balbach was appointed captain, Washington Rifles, at Washington, D. C., on 21 February, 1861, and was appointed major and assigned to command the 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861. Captain J Gerhardt, Turner Rifles, Company A, was appointed major, 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, on 10 June, 1861.

Company A Washington Rifles or Rifle Company: Capt. E Loeffler
The Washington or German Yeagers was reorganised at Washington, D.C., under the command of Captain A Balbach, on 19 May, 1860, and was mustered in United States service by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 11 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D.C., on 11 July, 1861.

Note: E Loeffler was appointed first lieutenant, Washington Rifles, at Washington, D. C., on 21 February, 1861, and was recommended as captain by Major A Balbach on 7 May, 1861. Captain G A Schwarzman, Washington or German Yeagers, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 2nd District of Columbia Militia Infantry, on 15 January, 1861.

Company B Turner Rifles, Company A: Capt. J Gerhardt
The company was organised at Turn Hall, Washington, D. C., on 10 January, 1861, and was mustered in United States service at Washington, D.C., by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 11 April, 1861. The company was mustered out at Washington, D. C., on 11 July, 1861.

Note: J Gerhardt was appointed captain, Turner Rifles, Company A, on 9 January, 1861, and was commanding the 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry on 14 May, 1861.

Company C Turner Rifles, Company B: CAPT. W Kryzanowski
The company was mustered in United States service at Washington, D.C., by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 22 April, 1861, and was mustered out on 22 July, 1861.

The 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D.C., between 9 and 27 April, 1861, and was organised by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., Company B, 22 April, 1861: The Turner Rifles, Company A, under the command of Captain J Gerhardt, was stationed at the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., under the command of Acting Commandant J A Dahlgren, United States Navy, on 22 April, 1861.

Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, Companies B & C, 24 April, 1861: The Turner Rifles, Companies A and B, were ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, on 24 April, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, & Alexandria, Company B, 23 May, 1861: The Turner Rifles, Company A, was stationed at and near the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 11 PM on 23 May, 1861 (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Rockville Expedition, 10-30 June, 1861

The 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, as part of an expedition, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, on 10 June, 1861 (See the Rockville Expedition).

Washington to Tennallytown, D. C., 10 June, 1861: The 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry arrived at Camp Clay, near Tennallytown, D. C., at 11 AM on 10 June, 1861.

Note: The 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was assigned to guard the lines of communications between Washington, D. C., and Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, between 11 and 20 June, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Clay, near Tennallytown, D. C., under the command of Captain J Gerhardt, Turner Rifles, Company A, on 12 June, 1861.

Tennallytown, D. C., to Great Falls, on the Potomac River, 23 June, 1861: The 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Aqueduct Road to Great Falls, on the Potomac River, in the morning on 23 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Great Falls, near Great Falls, on the Potomac River, via Georgetown, D. C., the same day.

Note: Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.109, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 30 June, 1861.

Skirmish at Great Falls, on the Potomac River, 7 July, 1861: The 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, under the command of Captain W Kryzanowski, was engaged in a skirmish at Great Falls, on the Potomac River, on 7 July, 1861, and two companies of United States Infantry and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company D, were ordered to Great Falls, on the Potomac River, at 4 AM on 8 July, 1861 (See the United States Army).

Note: Major J Gerhardt, 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, was stationed at Washington, D. C., during the skirmish at Great Falls, on the Potomac River, on 7 July, 1861.

Great Falls, on the Potomac River, to Washington, D. C., 10 July, 1861: The 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to Washington, D. C. on 3 July, 1861, but declined and the 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Companies I and K, under the command of Major C P Chandler, arrived at Great Falls, on the Potomac River, on 8 July, 1861. The 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 5 AM on 10 July, 1861, and arrived at 12 PM the same day (See the 1st Massachusetts Infantry).

Note: The Washington Rifles was stationed near the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., in July 1861 and was ordered to Georgetown, D. C., in the evening on 9 July, 1861.

Mustered out, at Washington, D.C., 11-22 July, 1861: The 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was mustered out at Washington, D.C., between 11 and 22 July, 1861.

Sources

"We found Company E, (of this city,) National Guard, the spirited volunteer company recently formed, on guard at the nort wing."

The Evening Star, 19 April, 1861 - Camp life at the Capital Building

"The Fifth Battalion D. C. Volunteers took the boats at the Canal Bridge this morning at 8 o'clock, and proceeded on towards Edward's Ferry. The battalion is commanded by Lt. Col. Everettt."

The Evening Star, 12 June, 1861

"The New York Ninth moved from Rockville on Thursday. The New Hampshire First and Pennsylvania First moved on Friday, and the Third District Battalion were to move today with the section of artillery."

The Evening Star, 15 June, 1861 - The forward movement

"At about 11 1/2 o'clock the remaining companies of the Georgetown battalion, under Major Hollingsworth, crossed the Aqueduct to reconnoiter and secure the roads."

The Evening Star, 24 May, 1861

"At 9 1/2 o'clock on Thursday night, Capt. Rodier, with the Anderson Rifles, passed over the Chain Bridge, and posted picket guards."

The National Republican, 25 May, 1861

"At 9 1/2 o'clock, Capt. Rodier, with the Anderson Rifles, passed over the Chain Bridge and posted picket guards. At about 11 1/2 o'clock the remaining companies of the Georgetown battalion, under Major Hollingsworth, crossed the Aqueduct to reconnoiter and secure the roads. About 21/2 o'clock this morning the Sixty-ninth Regiment, Col. Corcoran, Fifth Massachusetts, Col. Lawrence, and Twenty-eighth Brooklyn, went over and took position on the Virginia side."

The National Republican, 24 May, 1861 - Movements from Georgetown last night

"We visited the Chain Bridge on Friday evening, and found the Anderson Rifles had just been joined by Company A, Carrington Regiment, of your city."

The Evening Star, 27 May, 1861 - Georgetown

"This camp occupies one of the most delightful positions for health and security that could be obtained on the Maryland side of the Potomac river. The hill upon which the Fourth Battalion D. C. Volunteers (composed of Company A, Light Infantry, Company E, Zouaves, and Union District Rifles) is encamped is directly facing the Chain Bridge, and commands the Virginia side of the river for two or three miles. To the north, about two miles, the Anderson Rifles are stationed, and still further on, at Seneca Mills, the Fifth Battalion D. C. Volunteers are encamped."

The Evening Star, 14 June, 1861 - Camp Davis, banks of the Potomac, 13 June, 1861

"The latest informaton we have respecting Lieut. Col. Everett's battalion - consisting of the Constitutional Guards, Capt. Degges; Metropolitan Rifles, Capt. Nalley; Putnam Rifles, Capt. Thistleton; and the Jackson Guards, Capt. McDermott - they were still pushing on up the canal, repairing the breaks as they go."

The National Republican, 14 June, 1861 - The advancing troops

"We have information from Lt. Col. Everett's battalion of District volunteers up to Thursday night. The Constitutional Guards, Capt. Degges, got off the canal boats about 13 miles above Georgetown, and pitched their tents. They have 75 men with them. The remaining companies of the battalion - the Metropolitan Rifles, Captain Nalley, 90 men; Putnam Rifles, Capt. Thistleton, 82 men; and a delegation of ten men from Capt. McDermott' company, the Jackson Guards - were encamped on Thursday at Seneca Mills, 24 miles above Georgetown, a very healthy position, and a very beautiful and romantic spot."

The National Republican, 15 June, 1861 - The advancing troops

"We yesterday afternoon, paid a visit to this camp, where Captain Powell's Zouave Company, Company A, Washington Light Infantry, and the District Union Rifles, are now stationed. The work on the breastwork is now nearly completed, and seven large cannon will soon be placed in position, so as to command the Chain Bridge. In the execution of this work, the battalion has received great assistance from the second Michigan regiment, stationed about one mile nearer the city."

The National Republican, 17 June, 1861 - Camp Jim Davis

"The District battalion in camp at Rockville is composed of the following companies: National Rifles, Lieutenant, commander; Cameron Guards, Captain Elder; Slemmer Guards, Captain Knight; and Company F, Union Regiment, Captain Fletcher. The battalion is commanded by captain Smead, of the National Rifles."

The National Republican, 18 June, 1861 - Camp Abert

"On Monday, forty of the Anderson Rifles, of Georgetown, Capt. Rodier, crossed the Potomac, about six miles above Little Falls, and took a circuit of several miles, going two miles beyond Langley, and within a short distance of Fairfax Court House, returning by way of the Chain Bridge."

The National Republican, 19 June, 1861 - The Georgetown boys on a scout

"We have received a note from Major Jewell, dated at Camp Shady, Md., stating that the men are all well and in fine spirits, and that the statement that the men were dissatisfied on account of the incapacity of the officers is erroneous."

The Evening Star, 20 June, 1861 - Major Jewell's battalion

"During Saturday night we left over pleasant Camp Clay near Tennallytown. The order was received by our boys with the greatest joy, and with song we marched to the Chain Bridge, where a canal boat was waiting for us."

The Evening Star, 25 June, 1861 - Camp Great Falls, 25 June, 1861

"The fifth battalion, consisting of the Constitutional Guards, Metropolitan Rifles, Jackson Guards, and Putnam Rifles arrived about ten o'clock last night, in fine health and spirits, but looking rather rough."

The National Republican, 4 July, 1861 - The District volunteers returned

"On Wednesday night, about 9 1/2 o'clock, the Fifth Battalion of the District Volunteers (Lieut. Colonel Everett) arrived in the city, having left their position at Seneca Creek about noon of that day. Yesterday morning the Second Battalion, Major Jewell, and the President's Mounted Guard, Captain Samuel Owens, arrived."

The Evening Star, 5 July, 1861

"The Anderson Rifles and Potomac Light Guard of Georgetown, who have been encamped near the Virginia end of the Chain Bridge for some weeks past, returned to their armories in Georgetown in the drenching shower on Thursday night. The Washington Zouaves, Captain Powell, returned about the same hour, from their encampment on the Maryland side of the river, near the Chain Bridge, and marched to their armory on Seventh street.The eighth battalion District volunteers, Major Gerhardt commanding, arrived here from Great Falls about noon yesterday, having been relieved by two companies of the Massachusetts First regiment. They left their encampment about five o'clock yesterday morning, and marched dirctly to the Columbian armory without once halting. Company A, Washington Light Infantry, Captain L. D. Williams, and the District Union Rifles, arrived yesterday afternoon from their camp near the Little Falls."

The National Republican, 11 July, 1861 - Return of the District volunteers

"Stone immediately set to work to organize the volunteers for the preservation of order in the District, and by mid-February was able to report that thirty-three companies of infantry and riflemen and two troops of cavalry were on the lists of the District volunteer force; and all had been uniformed, equipped, and put under frequent drill."

Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D. C., Volume 60/62 (1960/1962), pp123-133: Military Activities in Washington in 1861, by Elden E Billing

"The Fifth Battalion D. C. Volunteers took to boats at the chain-bridge this morning at 8 o'clock, and proceeded on towards Edwards' Ferry. The battalion is commanded by Lieut. Col. Everett."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch: 17 June, 1861 - Movements of the Federalists

A history of the national capital from its foundation through the period of the adoption of the organic act, Volume 2, by Wilhelmus Bogart Bryan

Notes

Brigadier General R C Weightman, District of Columbia Militia, was appointed major general with Headquarters at the Patent OfficeLibrary, Washington, D. C., on 27 March, 1860.

Colonel & Inspector General C P Stone, 1 January & 16 April, 1861: C P Stone was appointed colonel and inspector general, District of Columbia Volunteers, at Washington, D. C., on 1 January, 1861, and organised and prepared the District of Columbia Militia for active service between 2 January and 16 April, 1861. Colonel & Inspector General C P Stone was assigned to command the District of Columbia Militia by General Orders, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 16 April, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 14th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, dated 14 May, 1861. He was appointed brigadier General, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.61, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 19 August, dated 17 May, 1861 (See the Rockville Expedition).

Note: Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, was assigned to command the 1st Michigan Infantry, the 11th New York Infantry, and the 5th Massachusetts Infantry by General Orders No.1, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

General Orders No.5, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 6 February, 1861: The Potomac Light Infantry, the Anderson Rifles, Companies A and B, the Scott Rifles, the Carrington Home Guards, and the District of Columbia Rifles were organised as the 1st Georgetown Volunteer Battalion infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J McH. Hollingsworth, 8th District of Columbia Militia Infantry, and were assigned to the 8th District of Columbia Militia Infantry, by Special Orders No.5, Paragraphs I and II, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., respectively, on 6 February, 1861.

Special Orders No.7, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 12 February, 1861: The Washington Light Battalion Infantry was assigned to the 2nd District of Columbia Militia Infantry, under the command of Colonel J Y Davis, and the National Guard Battalion Infantry to the 1st District of Columbia Militia Infantry, under the command of Colonel J A Tait, by Special Orders No.7, Paragraphs I and II, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., respectively, on 12 February, 1861.

General Orders No.9, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 18 February, 1861: The Washington Rifles, the Turner Rifles, Company A; the Metropolitan Rifles, and the Putnam Rifles, Company A, were organised as the 1st Battalion Rifles, under the temporary command of Senior Captain J Balbach, Washington Rifles, and assigned to the 2nd District of Columbia Militia Infantry, under the command of Colonel J Y Davis, by General Orders No.9, Paragraphs I and II, Headquarters, District of Columbia Militia, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 February, 1861.

Mustered in United States service, Washington, D. C., 11 & 13 April, 1861: Major General R C Weightman was ordered to call out ten companies of District Columbia Militia by the War Department on 9 April, 1861, and the Union Volunteers or Regiment, Company B; the Metropolitan Rifles, the Putnam Rifles, Company A, the National Guard Battalion Infantry, Company C; the Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company A; the Mechanics Union Rifles, the Washington Rifles, and the Turner Rifles, Company A, were mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 11 April, 1861, and the Union Volunteers or Regiment, Company A, on 13 April, 1861.

Mustered in United States service, Washington, D. C., 13, 15, & 16 April, 1861: Major General R C Weightman was ordered to call out five companies of District Columbia Militia by the War Department on 13 April, 1861, and one company on 15 April, 1861, and the Anderson Rifles, Company A, was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 13 April, 1861; the Henderson Guards, the National Rifles, the Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company D, on 15 April, 1861; and the Carrington Home Guards and the National Guard Battalion Infantry, company A, on 16 April, 1861.

Note: The District of Columbia Militia was ordered to rendezvous at Washington, D. C., under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861, and thirty-four companies (3019) were mustered in United States service for three months by Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, between 9 and 27 April, 1861.

Military escort to President A Lincoln, 4 March, 1861

President's Mounted Guards: Captain S W Owen
The company was assigned as body guard to President J Buchanan and President-elect A Lincoln, on 4 March, 1861.
Georgetown Mounted Guards: Captain W E Stewart
The company was assigned as escort to the carriage carrying President J Buchanan and President-elect A Lincoln, on 4 March, 1861.

Note: The Georgetown Mounted Guards was organised at Georgetown, D. C., on 14 January, 1861, and Captain W E Stewart, Georgetown Mounted Guards, resigned on 15 April, 1861. Second Lieutenant S Gough, Georgetown Mounted Guards, was appointed captain, Georgetown Mounted Guards, on 16 April, 1861, and resigned in the evening on 24 April, 1861. The Georgetown Mounted Guards was reorganised and accepted in state service by Lieutenant Colonel J Peck, 6th District of Columbia Militia Infantry, on 26 April, 1861.

Washington Light Battalion Infantry: Lieutenant Colonel J Y Davis, 4th District of Columbia Militia Infantry
Company A, Captain L Towers; Company B, First Lieutenant W Lord; and Company C, Captain R C Stevens
Henderson Guards: Captain G J L Foxwell
Union Regiment or Volunteers: Major J G Jewell,
Company A, Captain E C Carrington; Company B, Captain J Kelly; and Company C, Captain Arnold
Metropolitan Rifles: Captain W H Nalley
Turner Rifles, Company A: Captain J Gerhardt
Washington Light Guards: Captain S H A Marks, Jr.
Mechanics Union Rifles: Captain A Rutherford
Putman Rifles, Company A: Captain G Thistleton
National Guard Battalion Infantry: Colonel J A Tait, 1st District of Columbia Militia Infantry
The National Guard Battalion Infantry was assigned as special guards at the Capitol building, Washington, D. C., on 4 March, 1861.
First Georgetown Volunteer Battalion Infantry: Colonel R C Cox, 8th District of Columbia Militia Infantry
The Potomac Light Infantry, Captain I J McKenney; Anderson Rifles, Company B, Captain F W Jones; Carrington Home Guard, Captain J B Goddard; Scott Rifles, Captain J O Berry; District of Columbia Rifles, Captain H W Blunt; Anderson Rifles, Company A, Captain C A Rodier

Note: The Scott Rifles was organised at Georgetown, D. C., on 19 January, 1861, and Captain J O Berry, Scott Rifles, resigned on 5 April, 1861. First Lieutenant S B Burrough, Scott Rifles, was appointed captain, Scott Rifles, on 8 April, 1861, and the District of Columbia Rifles was organised at Tennallytown, D. C., on 22 January, 1861. H W Blunt was appointed captain, District of Columbia Rifles, on 8 March, 1861.

Washington Rifles: Captain P H Balbach
The company was stationed at several buildings on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., on 4 March, 1861.
National Rifles: Captain F B Schaeffer
The company was stationed at side streets to the Capitol building, Washington, D. C., on 4 March, 1861.
United States Corps Engineers: First Lieutenant J C Duane
The company was assigned as escort to the carriage carrying President J Buchanan and President-elect A Lincoln, on 4 March, 1861.
Detachment, United States Dragoons: First Lieutenant C Griffin
A detachment of the United States Dragoons, acting as light artillery, were assigned as escort to the carriage carrying President J Buchanan and President-elect A Lincoln, on 4 March, 1861.

Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., 22 April, 1861

The Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company A, under the command of Captain L Towers; the Union Volunteers or Regiment, Company C, under the command of Captain G W Miller; and the Turner Rifles, Company A, under the command of Captain J Gerhardt, were stationed at the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., under the command of Acting Commandant & Captain J A Dahlgren, United States Navy, on 22 April, 1861.

Note: A detachment of thirty-seven men of the United States Marine Corps and a detachment of thirty-four men of the United States Ordnance Department were stationed at the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., on 22 April, 1861 (See the United States Marine Corps Battalion)

Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, 23 April-3 May, 1861

National Rifles & German Yagers, 23 April, 1861: A detachment of nine men of the National Rifles, under the command of Captain J R Smead, and the German Yagers, under the command of Captain G A Schwarzman, were ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Annapolis Junction, Maryland, on 23 April, 1861.

Turner Rifles, Companies A & B, 24 April, 1861: The Turner Rifles, Companies A and B, were ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 5 PM on 24 April, 1861, and proceeded to Washington, D. C., at 8 PM the same day.

National Rifles, 25 April, 1861: The National Rifles was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, in the morning on 25 April, 1861, and arrived the same day. The company was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 10 AM on 25 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the 7th New York States Militia Infantry (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington). The National Rifles arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 12 PM the same day.

Washington Light Guards, 26 April, 1861: The Washington Light Guards arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 12 PM on 26 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th Massachusetts Infantry, four companies of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry, under the command of Colonel S C Lawrence, and the first detachment of the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, under the command of Colonel A E Burnside.

Turner Rifles, Companies A & B; National Rifles, the National Battalion Guard Infantry, Company D; & Washington Rifles, 26 April, 1861: The Turner Rifles, Companies A and B; the National Rifles; the National Battalion Guard Infantry, Company D; and the Washington Rifles were assigned to guard duty on the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, between Washington, D. C. and Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, under the command of Captain J R Smead, National Rifles, in the afternoon on 26 April, 1861.

Organisation of District of Columbia Militia, 3 May, 1861

The District of Columbia Militia was assigned to the Department of Washington, under the command of Inspector General & Colonel J K F Mansfield, United States Army, on 28 April, 1861, and the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry were organised by Special Orders, No.40, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, & Alexandria, Virginia, 23-24 May, 1861

The Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company A, was stationed on Maryland Avenue; the Metropolitan Rifles, the Putnam Rifles, Company A; the National Rifles, the Turner Rifles, Company A; and the Union Regiment, Company F, at and near the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., and the Constituational Guards and the Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company E, at the Virginia end of the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C, in the evening on 23 May, 1861 (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Washington, D. C., to Columbia Springs & Four Miles Run, near Roach's Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, 24-25 May, 1861: The Constituational Guards, the National Rifles, and the Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company E, under the command of Colonel & Inspector General C P Stone, District of Columbia Volunteers, were ordered to proceed by the Columbia Turnpike to Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 24 May, 1861, and arrived at Four Miles Run, near Roach's Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day. The Constituational Guards, the National Rifles, and the Washington Light Battalion Infantry, Company E, were ordered to Washington, D. C., at 6.30 AM on 25 May, 1861.

Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., & Aqueduct Bridge, Georgetown, D. C., President's Mounted Guards, 24 May, 1861: A squad of the President's Mounted Guards and guides, under the command of Captain S W Owen, was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 2 AM on 24 May, 1861, and a detachment of the President's Mounted Guards, under the command of Second Lieutenant M S Smith, at the Aqueduct Bridge, Georgetown, D. C., at 3 AM the same day.

Note: A detachment of the President's Mounted Guards, under the command of Second Lieutenant M S Smith, destroyed several bridges on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, above Ball's Crossroad, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 6 AM on 24 May, 1861.

General Orders No.1, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, 28 May, 1861: The 1st Michigan Infantry, the 5th Massachusetts Infantry, the 11th New York Infantry, and other troops or detachments at Alexandria, Virginia, were assigned to Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.1, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

Note: Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry; Captain & Assistant Quartermaster R O Tyler, United States Quartmaster's Department; Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General J B Fry, United Sates Adjutant General's Department, and Second Lieutenant H S Putnam, United States Corps Topographical Engineers, were assigned as staff to Brigadier General I McDowell, United States Army, at Arlington House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, was relieved from duty with the Department of Northeastern Virginia, by Special Orders No.3, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861.

Rockville Expedition

The 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, and 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, and the President's Mounted Guards were ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, as part of an expedition, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, Lieutenant Colonel C Everett, and Major J G Jewell, on 10 June, 1861, and arrived at Tennallytown via Georgetown, D. C., the same day (See the Rockville Expedition).

Tennallytown, D. C., to Seneca Mills, on Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland, 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, 12 June, 1861: The 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to Seneca Mills, on Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the morning on 12 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Shady, near Seneca Mills, on Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland, 4 PM the same day.

Tennallytown, D. C., to Great Falls & the Aqueduct, near Seneca Creek, on the Potomac River, 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry 12 June, 1861: The 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to proceed by canal boats at the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., to the Aqueduct, near Seneca Creek, on the Potomac River, at 7 AM on 12 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Seneca, near the Aqueduct, Seneca Creek, on the Potomac River, at 4 PM the same day.

Note: The Constitutional Guards arrived at Great Falls, on the Potomac River, at 12 PM on 12 June, 1861, and the Metropolitan Rifles, the Putman Rifles, Company A, and a detachment of the Jackson Guards at Camp Seneca, near the Aqueduct, Seneca Creek, on the Potomac River, at 4 PM the same day.

Distribution of troops, Rockville Expedition, 13 June, 1861: The 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was stationed at Seneca Mills, on Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland; the 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry at Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland; the 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry at Great Falls, on the Potomac River, and the Aqueduct, near Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland; and the 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry at Tennallytown, D. C., on 13 June, 1861.

Edwards Ferry, on the Potomac River, President's Mounted Guards, 15 June, 1861: The President's Mounted Guards was ordered to Edwards Ferry, on the Potomac River, in the evening on 15 June, 1861.

Rockville to Darnestown, Montgomery County, Maryland, 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, 18 & 22 June, 1861: The 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Poolesville Road to Darnestown, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the evening on 18 June, 1861, and was stationed one mile above Darnestown, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 22 June, 1861.

Note: The President's Mounted Guards was stationed at Camp Martin, near Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 19 June, 1861.

Darnestown to Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, 23 June, 1861: The 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Poolesville Road to Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 23 June, 1861.

Great Falls, on the Potomac River, 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, 23 June & 7 July, 1861: The 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Aqueduct Road to Great Falls, on the Potomac River, in the morning on 23 June, 1861, and was engaged in a skirmish on 7 July, 1861.

Special Orders No.109, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., 30 June, 1861: Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.109, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 30 June, 1861, and was accompanied by a detachment of fifty to seventy-five men of the Slemmer Guards, the Union Volunteers or Regiment, Company F, and the National Rifles were assigned to guard the wagon train, baggage and provisions, under the command of Captain J R Smead, on 1 July, 1861 (See the Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania).

Montgomery County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 3-4 July, 1861: The 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, the 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, the 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, and the President's Mounted Guards were ordered to Washington, D. C., in the morning on 3 July, 1861, and the 5th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry arrived at 10 PM the same day. The 2nd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, the 3rd District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, and the President's Mounted Guards arrived in the morning on 4 July, 1861, and were accompanied by a section of the 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D (See the United States Army, Department of Washington, D. C.

Great Falls, on the Potomac River, to Washington, D. C., 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry, 10 July, 1861: The 8th District of Columbia Militia Battalion Infantry was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 5 AM on 10 July, 1861, and arrived at 12 PM the same day.

Note: The 1st Massachusetts Infantry, Companies I and K, under the command of Major C P Chandler, were ordered to Great Falls, on the Potomac River, on 8 July, 1861 (See the 1st Massachusetts Infantry).

Mustered out, at Washington, D. C., 10-24 July, 1861: The District of Columbia Militia was mustered out at Washington, D. C., between 10 and 24 July, 1861.

Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry: C P Stone was appointed colonel and inspector general, District of Columbia Volunteers, on 1 January, 1861, and colonel, 14th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, dated 14 May, 1861. Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, was appointed brigadier General, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.61, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 19 August, dated 17 May, 1861.

Department of Washington, 9 April-25 July, 1861

Brevet Colonel & Lieutenant Colonel C F Smith, 10th United States Infantry, was assigned to comand the troops in and around Washington, D. C., by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Troops in Washington, D. C., on 7 April, 1861.

General Orders No.9, Paragraph I, War Department, Washinton, D. C., 9 April, 1861: Brevet Colonel & Lieutenant Colonel C F Smith, 10th United States Infantry, was assigned to command a military department, taken from the Department of the East, and called the Department of Washington, consisting of the State of Maryland, and the District of Columbia according to its original boundary, Headquartes Washington, D. C., by General Orders No.9, Paragraph I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 9 April, 1861.

General Orders No.12, Paragraph I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washinton, D. C., 27 April, 1861: Inspector General & Colonel J K F Mansfield, United States Army, was assigned to command the Military Department of Washington including the District of Columbia, according to its original boundary, Fort Washington and the county adjacent, and the State of Maryland as far as Bladensburg, inclusive, Headquarters Washington, D. C., by General Orders No.12, Paragraph I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 27 April, 1861.

Note: Brevet Colonel & Lieutenant Colonel C F Smith, United States Army, was appointed superintendent of the recruiting service at Fort Columbus, on Governor's Island, New York Harbour, by General Orders No.12, Paragraph IV, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 27 April, 1861.

Department of Northeastern Virginia, 27 May-25 July, 1861

Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant GeneralI McDowell, United States Army, was appointed brigadier general, United States Army, by General Orders No.64, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 22 August, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.

General Orders No.26, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 27 May, 1861: Brigadier General I McDowell, United States Army, was assigned to command a new Military Geographical Department including all the part of Virginia, east of the Allegheny mountains and north of the James River, except Fort Monroe and sixty miles around the same, Headquarters movable according to circumstances, by General Orders No.26, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 27 May, 1861.

Division of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861

Major General G B McClellan, United States Army, assumed command of the Division of the Potomac, comprising the Departments of Washington and Northeastern Virginia, Headquarters Washington, D. C., by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 27 July, 1861.

General Orders No.47, Paragragh I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 25 July, 1861: The counties of Washington and Allegheny in Maryland and such other parts of Virginia as may be covered by the Army in its operations were added to the Department of the Shenandoah; the counties of Prince George, Montgomery, and Frederick were added to the Department of Washington; the remainder of Maryland and all Pennsylvania and Delaware constituted the Department of Pennsylvania, Headquarters at Baltimore City, Maryland; and the Department of Washington and the Department of Northeastern Virginia, constituted a geographical Division, Headquarters Washington, D. C., under the command of Major General G B McClellan, United States Army, by General Orders No.47, Paragragh I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 25 July, 1861.

Note: Inspector General & Colonel J K F Mansfield, United States Army, was appointed brevet brigadier general and brigadier general, United States Army, by General Orders No.64, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 22 August, 1861, dated 6 and 14 May, 1861, respectively.