The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Department of Washington

Acting Brigadier General J H McCunn

Captain J H Lane, Frontier Guard

Independent Companies

Major D Hunter, Paymaster, United States Army

Washington Clay Guards Battalion Infantry

Maj. J W Nye
Senator J W Nye, Nevada Territory, was appointed major, Washington Clay Guards Battalion Infantry at Washington, D. C., on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Nevada Territory in the evening on 27 April, 1861.

First Company: CAPT. D Webb
D Webb, New York, was appointed captain, Washington Clay Guards Battalion Infantry at Washington, D. C., on 18 April, 1861, and major on 27 April, 1861.
Second Company: CAPT. J E Vinton
J E Vinton, Albany, Green County, Wisconsin, was appointed captain, Washington Clay Guards Battalion Infantry at Washington, D. C., on 18 April, 1861.

The Washington Clay Guards Battalion Infantry was organised at Willard's Hotel, on Fourteenth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., by Russian Foreign Minister C H Clay on 18 April, 1861.

Special Orders, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 24 April, 1861: The Washington Clay Guards Battalion Infantry, under the command of Major J W Nye, and the Frontier Guards were ordered to rendezvous on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., and proceed to the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., by Special Orders, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., at 9 PM on 24 April, 1861.

Discharged, Washington, D. C., 4 May, 1861: The Washington Clay Guards Battalion Infantry, under the command of Major D Webb, was discharged at Washington, D. C., on 4 May, 1861.

Note: Congressman J H Campbell arrived at Washington, D. C., on 19 April, 1861, and was assigned to the Washington Clay Guards Battalion Infantry between 19 April and 1 May, 1861. He was appointed, major, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 1 May, 1861 (See the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry). Organised at Washington, D. C., 18 April 1861. Discharged 4 May, 1861

Frontier Guards

Capt. J H Lane

The Frontier Guards was organised at the Willard's Hotel, on Fourteenth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain J H Lane, First Lieutenant M W Delahay, and Second Lieutenant J B Stockton, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to the President's or White House, Washington, D. C., at 9 PM the same day.

Note: The Frontier Guards and a detachment of forty men of the Union Regiment or Volunteers, Company B, under the command of Captain J Kelly, were stationed at the President's or White House, Washington, D. C., on 22 April, 1861 (See the District of Columbia Militia, Department of Washington).

Special Orders, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 24 April, 1861: The Frontier Guards and the Washington Clay Guards Battalion Infantry, under the command of Major J W Nye, were ordered to rendezvous on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., and proceed to the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., by Special Orders, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., at 9 PM on 24 April, 1861. The Frontier Guards was ordered to proceed by the East Gate on Ninth Street, Washington, D. C., to the Navy Yard Bridge, Washington, D. C., on the Eastern Branch of the Potomac River or Anacostia River, in the evening the same day and a detachment of twelve to fifteen men, under the command of Second Lieutenant J B Stockton, were ordered across the Navy Yard Bridge, Washington, D. C., on the Eastern Branch of the Potomac River or Anacostia River, to Prince George's County, Maryland, in the evening on 24 April, 1861.

Note: A detachment of ten men of the Ringgold Light Artillery with one 12 pounder howitzer and a detachment of the United States Marine Corps with one howitzer were stationed at the Navy Yard Bridge, on the Eastern Branch of the Potomac River or Anacostia River, on 24 April, 1861.

Discharged, Washington, D. C., 3 May, 1861: The Frontier Guards was assigned to guard duty at the Navy Yard, the Executive Mansion, on Pennsylvania Avenue, and the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., between 18 April and 3 May, 1861, and was discharged at Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Note: Senator J H Lane arrived at Willard's Hotel, on Fourteenth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., on 13 April, 1861, and Mr D McCook, Sr., was assigned to the Frontier Guards at the East Room, President's or White House, Washington, D. C., on 18 April, 1861 (See the 1st Ohio Infantry).
Organised at Washington, D. C., 18 April 1861. Discharged 3 May, 1861

Sources

The life of Cassius Marcellus Clay: Memoirs, writings, and speeches, showing his conduct in the overthrow of American slavery, the salvation of the Union, and the restoration of the autonomy of the States, Volume I, by Cassius Marcellus Clay

Lincoln's abolitionist general: The biography of David Hunter, by Edward A Miller

The siege of Washington: The untold story of the twelve days that shook the Union, by John Lockwood and Charles Lockwood

A history of the national capital from its foundation through the period of the adoption of the organic act, Volume 2, by Wilhelmus Bogart Bryan

Notes

Department of Washington, 9 April-25 July, 1861

Brevet Colonel & Lieutenant Colonel C F Smith, 10th United States Infantry, was assigned to comand the troops in and around Washington, D. C., by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Troops in Washington, D. C., on 7 April, 1861.

General Orders No.9, Paragraph I, War Department, Washinton, D. C., 9 April, 1861: Brevet Colonel & Lieutenant Colonel C F Smith, 10th United States Infantry, was assigned to command a military department, taken from the Department of the East, and called the Department of Washington, consisting of the State of Maryland, and the District of Columbia according to its original boundary, Headquartes Washington, D. C., by General Orders No.9, Paragraph I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 9 April, 1861.

General Orders No.12, Paragraph I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washinton, D. C., 27 April, 1861: Inspector General & Colonel J K F Mansfield, United States Army, was assigned to command the Military Department of Washington including the District of Columbia, according to its original boundary, Fort Washington and the county adjacent, and the State of Maryland as far as Bladensburg, inclusive, Headquarters Washington, D. C., by General Orders No.12, Paragraph I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 27 April, 1861.

Note: Brevet Colonel & Lieutenant Colonel C F Smith, United States Army, was appointed superintendent of the recruiting service at Fort Columbus, on Governor's Island, New York Harbour, by General Orders No.12, Paragraph IV, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 27 April, 1861.

Department of Northeastern Virginia, 27 May-25 July, 1861

Brevet Major (First Lieutenant) & Assistant Adjutant GeneralI McDowell, United States Army, was appointed brigadier general, United States Army, by General Orders No.64, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 22 August, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.

General Orders No.26, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 27 May, 1861: Brigadier General I McDowell, United States Army, was assigned to command a new Military Geographical Department including all the part of Virginia, east of the Allegheny mountains and north of the James River, except Fort Monroe and sixty miles around the same, Headquarters movable according to circumstances, by General Orders No.26, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 27 May, 1861.

Division of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861

Major General G B McClellan, United States Army, assumed command of the Division of the Potomac, comprising the Departments of Washington and Northeastern Virginia, Headquarters Washington, D. C., by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 27 July, 1861.

General Orders No.47, Paragragh I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 25 July, 1861: The counties of Washington and Allegheny in Maryland and such other parts of Virginia as may be covered by the Army in its operations were added to the Department of the Shenandoah; the counties of Prince George, Montgomery, and Frederick were added to the Department of Washington; the remainder of Maryland and all Pennsylvania and Delaware constituted the Department of Pennsylvania, Headquarters at Baltimore City, Maryland; and the Department of Washington and the Department of Northeastern Virginia, constituted a geographical Division, Headquarters Washington, D. C., under the command of Major General G B McClellan, United States Army, by General Orders No.47, Paragragh I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 25 July, 1861.

Note: Inspector General & Colonel J K F Mansfield, United States Army, was appointed brevet brigadier general and brigadier general, United States Army, by General Orders No.64, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 22 August, 1861, dated 6 and 14 May, 1861, respectively.