The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Department of Washington

Private C B Evans, Washington Artillery

Private C B Evans, Company H, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry

Twenty-fifth Pennsylvania Infantry

Companies A, D, E, G, and H were mustered in United States service for three months on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., the same day. Companies F, I, and K were mustered in United States service for three months between 26 April and 2 May, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., on 15 and 16 May, 1861. Companies B and C were mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C., on 3 and 6 June, 1861, dated 3 June, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL H L CAKE
Second Lieutenant H L Cake, National Light Infantry, was appointed colonel, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 4 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J B SELHEIMER
Captain J B Selheimer, Logan Guards, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 4 May, 1861.

MAJOR J H CAMPBELL
Congressman J H Campbell arrived at Washington, D. C., on 19 April, 1861, and was assigned to the C M Clay Battalion Infantry between 19 April and 4 May, 1861 (See Independent Companies, Department of Washington). He was appointed, major, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 4 May, 1861.

Company A Ringgold Light Artillery, 1st Company: Capt. J McKnight
The company was accepted in state service at Reading, Berks County, Pennsylvania, on 16 April, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 18 April, 1861. Sergeant G W Durell, Ringgold Light Artillery, was appointed first lieutenant, Ringgold Light Artillery, on 1 May, 1861, and Captain J McKnight, Ringgold Light Artillery, was appointed captain, 5th United States Artillery, Light Company M, by General Orders No.33, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861 (See the 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D).
Company B Haskin Guards: CAPT. J Wren
The company was mustered in United States service with detachments of the Logan Guards and Washington Artillery at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Wipple, United States Army, on 6 June, 1861, dated 3 June, 1861, and Captain J Wren, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company H, was appointed captain, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company B, on 6 June, 1861, dated 3 June, 1861.
Company C Ringgold Light Artillery, 2nd Company: CAPT. H Nagle
The company was mustered in United States service with detachments of the Ringgold Light Artillery (71) and the National Light Infantry (22), under the command of Captain H Nagle, first lieutenant, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company A, at the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Wipple, United States Army, on 3 June, 1861.
Company D National Light Infantry, First Regiment, First Brigade (Schuylkill County), Pennsylvania Militia: CAPT. E McDonald
The company was accepted in state service at Pottsville, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, on 13 April, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 18 April, 1861. Second Lieutenant H L Cake, National Light Infantry, was appointed colonel, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 1 May, 1861.
Company E Logan Guards: CAPT. T W Hulings
The company was accepted in state service at Lewistown, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania, under the command of Captain J Selheimer, on 16 April, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C, at 7 PM on 18 April, 1861. Captain J Selheimer, Logan Guards, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 1 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant T W Hulings, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company E, was appointed captain, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company E, on 28 May, 1861.
Company F Lochiel Greys: CAPT. H McCormick
The company was mustered in United States service for three months at Camp Curtin, Dauphin County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, half a mile north of Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, by Captain S G Simmons, 7th United States Infantry, Company H, on 2 May, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 11 PM on 16 May, 1861.
Company G Allen Infantry: CAPT. T Yeager
The company was accepted in state service at Allentown, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, on 16 April, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 18 April, 1861.
Company H Washington Artillery, First Regiment, First Brigade (Schuylkill County), Pennsylvania Militia: CAPT. D A Smith
The company was accepted in state service at Pottsville, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, under the command of Captain J Wren, on 16 April, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 18 April, 1861. Captain J Wren, Washington Artillery, resigned at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, on 10 May, 1861, and was appointed captain, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company B, on 6 June, 1861, dated 3 June, 1861. First Lieutenant D A Smith, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company H, was appointed captain, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company H, at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, on 31 May, 1861, dated 4 May, 1861.
Company I Doylestown Guards: CAPT. W W H Davis
The company was accepted in state service at Doylestown, Berks County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 4 PM on 15 May, 1861.
Company K Carbondale City Guards: CAPT. A Dart
The company was accepted in state service at Carbondale, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, on (?) April, 1861, and was mustered in United States service for three months at Camp Curtin, Dauphin County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, half a mile north of Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, by Captain S G Simmons, 7th United States Infantry, company H, on 26 April, 1861. The company arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 11 PM on 16 May, 1861.

Sources

"The Logan Guards held a meeting on saturday evening last, and another on Monday evening, at which it was determind to offer their services to the government. On Tuesday a dispatch was received requiring their departure that evening or next morning. The news created much excitement among all classes, especially the women, but the company was rapdily filled, and departed on Wednesday morning with 77 members for Harrisburg."

Lewistown Gazette (Lewistown, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania), 18 April, 1861 - Military

"The regular train failed to bring any, but an extra train reached here about 7 o'clock, bringing the following companies from middle Pennsylvania: The Ringgold Flying Artillery, of Reading, Pa., 120 men; Capt. James McKnight, Lieutenants H. Nagle and James Grafe. The Logan Guards, of Lewistown, Pa., 96 men; Capt. John D. Selheimer, Lieut. Hulings. The Allen Light Infantry, of Allentown, Pa., 49 men; Capt. Thomas Yeager. The National Light Infantry, of Pottsville, 108 men; Capt. McDonald, Lieuts. J. Russell, H. L. Cake, L. C. Martin. Washington Light Infantry, (will act as infantry) Pottsville, 122 men; Capt. James Wren, Lieuts. D. A. Smith, F. B. Wallace, P. Nagle."

"The Pennsylvania companies were taken to the Capitol building for quarters."

Evening Star (Washington, D. C.), 19 April, 1861 - The first arrival of troops

"The Ringgold Artilleryis a thoroughly drilled, handsome company. It has four twelve pounders, which follow them by cars. The other companies are mostly unarmed, being hasty levies of volunteers just arrived at Harrisburg and awakened at midnight of night before last, by order of Gov. Curtin, and dispatched here by the 8 o'clock train that left Harrisburg yesterday morning."

Evening Star (Washington, D. C.), 19 April, 1861 - Camp life at the Capitol building

"The Press states the Advance or Cameron regiment has elected the following officers: Henry L. Cake, of Schuylkill county, colonel; Captain Selheimer, of the Lewistown Logan Guards, lieutenant colonel; and Hon. Jas H. Campbell, Representative in Congress from the Schuylkill district, major. Private Pearson, of the Reading Ringgold Artillery, will probably be chosen adjutant of the regiment."

Lewistown Gazette (Lewistown, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania), 9 May, 1861 - Local affairs

"The New York Seventy-first have releived the Reading (Pa.) Ringgold Light Artillery at the navy yard. The Reading Artillery won the favour of the commander at the yard for their faithful attention to duty, and received from him a letter of appreciation on their return from the navy yard to the Capitol building, where they are now quartered."

Raftsman Journal (Clearfield, Clearfield County, Pennsylvania), 15 May, 1861 - Navy Yard

"In the same train the Carbondale City Guards of Luzerne county, Pa., arrived. They number seventy-seven, and are officered by Capt. A. Dart, and Lieutenants A Dart, jun. and J. B. Floyd. The Lochiel Greys, of Harrisburg, Pa., with the same number of men, also arrived in the train."

"The officers of this company are H. McCormick, Captain, W. Jennings and G. Fisher, lieutenants. A fine brass band accompanied these companies. They took quarters at the corner of Sixth street and the Avenue."

National Republican (Washington, D. C.), 17 May, 1861 - Arrival of the First Michigan regiment and other soldiers

"The Western train of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad which reached here last evening about six o'clock, brought about two hundred passengers, of which one hundred and five were soldiers of a Pennsylvania regiment whose term of service had expired. The command was entrusted to Captain Yeager, and was accompanied by the Ringgold Band, mustering eighteen performers. They marched to the Bolton Depot, and were soon on their way to Harrisburg. The train which brought them left Sandy Hook at one o'clock in the afternoon. The men Gen. Patterson's Camp, at Charlestown, at seb o'clock in the morning."

South (Baltimore City, Maryland), 20 July, 1861 - Return of volunteers

"On Thursday evening, about 25 of the soldiers arrived in our Borough from the seat of war. There were about 20 of the infantry, Capt. McDonald, and five, we believe, of Capt. Hendler's Company."

Weekly Miners' Journal (Pottsville, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania), 27 July, 1861 - Soldiers returning

"Baltimore, 24 July - The Lochiel Greys yesterday received peremplory orders from Gen. Patterson at Harpers Ferry to proceed at once to Harrisburg by railroad."

Chicago Daily Tribune (Chicago, Cook County, Illinois), 30 July, 1861 - The treason of Patterson confirmed the coerces his followers to return home

Books/ Manuscripts

First in defense of the Union: The Civil War history of the First Defenders, by John D Hoptak

The First Defenders, by Heber S Thompson, president of the First Defenders' Association

History of the Doylestown Guards, by William W H Davis

A few acts and actors in the tragedy of the Civil War in the United States, by William Bender Wilson

History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-5, prepared in compliance with acts of the legislation, Volume 1, by Samuel P Bates

Notes

The Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, and the Washington Artillery were ordered to rendezvous at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 16 April, 1861, and were ordered to Washington, D. C., under the call for 75,000 volunteer militia to serve three months on 18 April, 1861, dated 15 April, 1861.

Reading, Berks County, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Company A, 16 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Lebanon Valley Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 6 PM on 16 April, 1861, and arrived at 8 PM the same day.

Note: The Ringgold Light Artillery was stationed at Herr's Hotel, on Third South Street, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 16 April, 1861, and four 6 pounder smoothbores of Ringgold Light Artillery was stationed at Camp Scott, the York County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, at the intersection of King and Queens Streets, York, York County, Pennsylvania, on 11 May, 1861.

Organisation of First Regiment, First Brigade (Schuylkill County), Pennsylvania Militia: Colonel A Loeser, Lieutenant Colonel J Siebert, Major J C White; Schuylkill County Cavalry, First Lieutenant J M Wetherill; Washington Artillery, Captain J Wren; National Light Infantry, Captain E McDonald; Washington Yaegers, Captain H J Hendler; Scott Artillery, Captain C S Leader

Lewistown, Mifflin County, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Company E, 17 April, 1861: The Logan Guards (77), under the command of Captain J Selheimer, was ordered to proceed by the Pennsylvania Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 17 April, 1861.

Pottsville, Schuylkill County, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Companies D & H, 17 April, 1861: The National Light Infantry and the Washington Artillery, acting as infantry, was ordered to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 2.15 PM on 17 April, 1861, and arrived by the Northern Central Railroad at 8 PM the same day.

Allentown, Lehigh County, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Company G, 17 April, 1861: The Allen Infantry was ordered to proceed by the East Pennsylvania Railroad at 12 PM on 17 April, 1861, and arrived by the Lebanon Valley Railroad at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the evening the same day.

Mustered for three months, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 18 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, and the Washington Artillery were mustered in United States service for three months at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, by Captain S G Simmons, 7th United States Infantry, Company H, in the morning on 18 April, 1861.

Department of Washington, 27 April-21 July, 1861

The Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, and the Washington Artillery were stationed at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861.

Organisation of Ringgold Light Artillery, Allen Infantry, Logan Guards, National Light Infantry, & Washington Artillery (459/538), 18 April, 1861: Ringgold Light Artillery (105/132), Captain J McKnight; Allen Infantry (50/78), Captain T Yeager; Logan Guards (91/92), Captain J Selheimer; National Light Infantry (106), Captain E McDonald; Washington Artillery (124/130), Captain J Wren

Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D. C., 18 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, and the Washington Artillery, acting as infantry, were ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 9 AM on 18 April, 1861, and were accompanied by the 4th United States Artillery, Light Company F, and the 2nd United States Artillery, Company I, acting as infantry, under the command of Brevet Major & Captain J C Pemberton, 4th United States Artillery, Company F. The Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, and the Washington Artillery arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Baltimore City and Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 7 PM the same day

Hall of Representatives or Senate Chamber, south wing, & Committe Rooms, north wing of the Capitol building, on East Capitol & First Streets, Washington, D. C., 18 April, 1861: Three companies of the Pennsylvania (Militia) Volunteers were stationed at the Hall of Representatives or Senate Chamber, south wing, and two companies at Committe Rooms, north wing of the Capitol building, on East Capitol and First Streets, Washington, D. C., on 18 April, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General W H Keim, Pennsylvania Volunteers, was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Washington, D. C., to command the Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, and the Washington Artillery at 1 PM on 18 April, 1861 (See the Army of Pennsylvania).

Hall of Representatives or Senate Chamber, south wing, & Committe Rooms, north wing of the Capitol building, on East Capitol & First Streets, Washington, D. C., 22 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, the Washington Artillery, and the 6th Massachusetts Infantry were stationed at the Capitol building, on East Capitol and First Streets, Washington, D. C., on 22 April, 1861 (See the (See the 6th Massachusetts Infantry).

Note: The National Guard Battalion Infantry, Company E, was stationed at the north wing of the Capitol building, between East Capitol and First Streets, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 18 April, 1861, and the 6th Massachusetts Infantry arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., on 19 April, 1861 (See the District Columbia Militia, Department of Washington).

Navy Yard, on M Street, between Sixth & Ninth Streets, Washington, D. C., Company A, 23 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery was ordered to the Navy Yard, on M Street, between Sixth and Ninth Streets, Washington, D. C., on 23 April, 1861, and a detachment (10) with one 12 pounder howitzer was stationed at the Navy Yard Bridge, on the Eastern Branch of the Potomac River or Anacostia River, Washington, D. C., on 24 April, 1861.

Note: The Ringgold Light Artillery was assigned three 12 pounder howitzers by Captain J A Dahlgren, United States Navy, on 23 April, 1861, and a detachment (7) were assigned to guard duty on the steamer Powhatan during a reconnaissance on the Potomac River on 26 April, 1861.

Navy Yard, on M Street, between Sixth & Ninth Streets, to Capital building, between East Capitol & First Streets, Washington, Washington, D. C., 26 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery was ordered to the Capital building, between East Capitol and First Streets, Washington, D. C., by Assistant Adjutant General & Brevet Major I McDowell, United States Army, on 26 April, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, Companies E & H, 30 April, 1861: The Logan Guards and the Washington Artillery were ordered to Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, at 1 PM on 30 April, 1861, and arrived at the Navy Yard, on M Street, between Sixth and Ninth Streets, Washington, D. C., at 1.30 PM the same day. The Logan Guards and the Washington Artillery arrived by the steamer Philadelphia at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, at 6.30 PM on 30 April, 1861.

Note: The Logan Guards and the Washington Artillery were to garrison duty at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, under the command of Brevet Major & Captain J A Haskin, 1st United States Artillery, Company D, between 30 April, 1861 (See the United States Army, Department of Washington).

Abstract from returns of the volunteer troops in the Department of Washington, Colonel J F K Mansfield, United States Army, commanding, 30 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, and the Washington Artillery were stationed at Casparis' House, on South A Street, Capitol Hill, east of the Capital building, between East Capitol and First Streets, Washington, D. C., on 30 April, 1861.

Mustered for three months, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Companies F, I, & K, 26 & 30 April & 2 May, 1861: The Carbondale City Guards was mustered in United States service for three months at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, by Captain S G Simmons, 7th United States Infantry, Company H, on 26 April, 1861; the Doylestown Guards on 30 April, 1861; and the Lochiel Greys on 2 May, 1861.

Doylestown, Bucks County, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Company I, 29 April, 1861: The Doylestown Guards was ordered to proceed by the Doylestown Branch, North Pennsylvania Railroad, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 29 April, 1861, dated 12 PM 26 April, 1861, and arrived by the North Pennsylvania Railroad at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 9.30 AM the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Columbia & Philadelphia Branch, Pennsylvania Railroad, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 29 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Lancaster City Guards, under the command of Captain D W Patterson, between Lancaster, Lancaster County, and Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania (See the Third Brigade, First Division, Army of Pennsylvania). The Doylestown Guards arrived at Camp Curtin, the Dauphin County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, half a mile north of Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the evening the same day.

Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., Companies D & G, 1 May, 1861: The National Light Infantry and the Allen Infantry were ordered to the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., by Special Orders No.34, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 1 May, 1861.

Note: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry was accepted in state service at Washington, D. C., on 1 May, 1861, and Brevet Major & Captain G D Ramsay, United States Ordnance Corps, was assigned to command the National Light Infantry and the Allen Infantry stationed at the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., by Special Orders No.35, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 2 May, 1861.

Harrisburg, Dauphin County, to York, York County, Pennsylvania, Company I, 2 May, 1861: The Doylestown Guards was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to York, York County, Pennsylvania, on 2 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the German Light Infantry, the Jackson Guards, the Wynkoop Artillery, the Union Guards, and the Schuylkill Guards (See the Fourth Brigade, First Division, Army of Pennsylvania). The company arrived at Camp Scott, York County Agricultural Society, at the junction of King and Queens Streets, York, York County, Pennsylvania, in the evneing the same day.

Note: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry was accepted in state service for three months at Washington, D. C., on 4 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.35, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., Company A, 5 May, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery was ordered to the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., by Special Orders No.35, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 5 May, 1861.

Note: The Ringgold Light Artillery was assigned to Brevet Major & Captain G D Ramsay, United States Ordnance Department, at the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., on 5 May, 1861.

Camp Scott, York County Agricultural Society, at the junction of King & Queens Streets, York, York County, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D. C., Company I, 14-15 May, 1861: The Doylestown Guards (74) was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad with four 6 pounder smoothbores of the Ringgold Light Artillery to Washington, D. C., by Special Orders No.61, Headquarters, Camp Scott, York County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, at the junction of King and Queens Streets, York, York County, Pennsylvania, at 8 PM on 14 May, 1861, dated 12 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Pennsylvania Infantry (See the Second Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania). The company arrived at Bolton Station, at the junction of Bolton and North Howard Streets, Baltimore City, Maryland, at 8 AM on 15 May, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 4 PM the same day and was stationed at a dwelling at the entrance to the grounds of the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., on 15 May, 1861.

Note: The Doylestown Guards was assigned to the 16th Pennsylvania Infantry at Camp Scott, the York County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, at the intersection of King and Queens Streets, York, York County, Pennsylvania, on 3 May, 1861.

Camp Curtin, Dauphin County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, half a mile north of Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D. C., Companies F & K, 16 May, 1861: The Lochiel Greys (77) and the Carbondale City Guards (77) were stationed at Camp Curtin, Dauphin County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, half a mile north of Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 15 May, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 7 AM on the 16 May, 1861. The Lochiel Greys and the Carbondale City Guards were accompanied by the 1st Michigan Infantry and arrived at Baltimore City, Maryland, at 4.30 PM the same day (See the 1st Michigan Infantry). The Lochiel Greys and the Carbondale City Guards were ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 16 May, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 11 PM the same day. The Lochiel Greys and the Carbondale City Guards were ordered to Union Hall building, on the corner of Sixth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 16 May, 1861.

Note: The Lochiel Greys, under the command of Captain H McCormick, was assigned to the 14th Pennsylvania Infantry at Camp Curtin, the Dauphin County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, half a mile north of Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 4 May, 1861 (See the Fifth Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania).

Fort of West, United States Penitentiary, on Four & a half Street, adjacent to the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., Company D, 11 May, 1861: The National Light Infantry was stationed at the Fort of West, United States Penitentiary, on Four and a half Street, adjacent to the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., on 11 May, 1861.

Fort of West, United States Penitentiary, on Four & a half Street, adjacent to the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C., Company F, 19 May, 1861: The Lochiel Greys was ordered to Fort of West, United States Penitentiary, on Four and a half Street, adjacent to the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C., at 4 PM on 19 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.106, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., Companies A, D, & G, 27 May, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery, the National Light Infantry, and the Allen Infantry were assigned to Colonel H L Cake, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, by Special Orders No.106, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 27 May, 1861.

Note: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company B, was mustered in United States service with a detachment of Companies E and H (17), at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Wipple, United States Army, on 6 June, 1861, dated 3 June, 1861, and Company C with additional men of Companies A and D at the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., on 3 June, 1861.

Fort Runyon, at the junction of the Columbia & the Washington & Alexandria Turnpikes, Alexandria County, Virginia, Companies A & G, 8-15 June, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A and G, were assigned to duty at Fort Runyon, at the junction of the Columbia and the Washington & Alexandria Turnpikes, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 8 and 15 June, 1861.

Note: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A and C, were assigned to duty unloading and mounting heavy guns at Fort Runyon, at the junction of the Columbia and the Washington & Alexandria Turnpikes, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the command of Major J G Barnard, chief of artillery, McDowell's Army, on 8 June, 1861.

Distribution of 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, & H, 21 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, under the command of Brevet Major & Captain J A Haskins, 1st United States Artillery, Company D, were stationed at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, and Companies A and C, under the command of Brevet Major & Captain G D Ramsay, United States Ordnance Department, at Camp Mansfield or Fort of West, United States Penitentiary, on Four and a half Street, adjacent to the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A and C, under the command of Captain H Nagle, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company C, were stationed at Camp Mansfield or Fort of West, United States Penitentiary, on Four and a half Street, adjacent to the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., on 21 July, 1861.

Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Companies B, E, & H, 24-26 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Philadelphia to the Washington Arsenal, Washington, D. C., at 7.30 PM on 24 July, 1861, and arrived at 9.10 PM the same day. Companies B, E, and H were ordered to the Washington or New Jersey Avenue Station, at the junction of New Jersey Avenue and C Street North, Washington, D. C., at 7.30 AM on 25 July, 1861, and to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 1 PM on 25 July, 1861. The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, arrived by Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Baltimore City, Maryland, at 9 PM the same day and were ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 3 AM on 26 July, 1861. Companies B, E, and H arrived at York, York County, Pennsylvania, at 6.30 AM the same day and at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 9.45 AM on 26 July, 1861.

Note: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A and C, were ordered to turn over camp and garrison equipage to Majors G D Ramsey, United States Ordnance Department, and J H Campbell, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, at the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., on 20 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Companies A, B, C, E, & H, 23 & 29, July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A and C, were mustered out at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, by Major T Williams, 5th United States Artillery, on 23 July, 1861, and Companies B, E, and H on 29 July, 1861.

Note: The Washington Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Lebanon Valley Railroad to Pottsville, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, at 8 AM on 30 July, 1861, and arrived at 12.45 PM the same day.

Department of pennsylvania, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 8-19/23 July, 1861

The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were stationed at Camp Mansfield or Fort of West, United States Penitentiary, on Four and a half Street, adjacent to the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., on 28 June, 1861.

Camp Mansfield, grounds of the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C., to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 29-30 June, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, under the command of Lieuetenant Colonel L Selheimer and Major J H Campbell, were ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 2 PM on 29 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Logan, three miles north of Georgetown, D. C., the same day. Companies D, F, G, I, and K were ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 8 AM on 30 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hayward, Montgomery County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, southeast of Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 12 PM the same day (See the Rockville Expedition).

Special Orders No.109, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., 30 June, 1861: Colonel C P Stone was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.109, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 30 June, 1861.

Note: Colonel H L Cake, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, arrived at Camp Hayward, Montgomery County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, southeast of Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the evening on 30 June, 1861, and Major J H Campbell, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, was ordered to Washington, D. C., in the morning on 1 July, 1861.

Camp Hayward, Montgomery County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, southeast of Rockville, to Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 1 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, under the command of Colonel H L Cake, were ordered to Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 5 AM on 1 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Lochiel, in the vicinity of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 12 PM the same day.

Camp Lochiel, in the vicinity of Poolesville, Montgomery County, to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 2-4 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were ordered to the mouth of the Monocacy River, half a mile north of Spink's Ferry, on the Potomac River, Frederick County, Maryland, at 2 PM on 2 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Joseph, the mouth of the Monocacy River, half a mile north of Spink's Ferry, on the Potomac River, Frederick County, Maryland, the same day. Companies D, F, G, I, and K were ordered to Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, at 2 PM on 3 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Stone, in the vicinity of Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, the same day. The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, arrived at Camp Ratcliff, opposite Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 4 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st New Hampshire Infantry arrived at the mouth of the Monocacy River, half a mile north of Spink's Ferry, on the Potomac River, Frederick County, Maryland, at 12.30 PM on 3 July, 1861, and the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were stationed at Camp Ratcliff, three quarters of a mile west of Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 5 July, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Camp Ratcliff, three quarters of a mile west of Sandy Hook, to Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 6-7 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 6 July, 1861, and arrived at Sharpsburg, Washington County, Maryland, at 3 PM the same day. Companies D, F, G, I, and K were ordered to proceed by the Hagerstown Turnpike to Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, in the afternoon on 6 July, 1861, and arrived six miles west of Sharpsburg, Washington County, Maryland, in the evening on 6 July, 1861. The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, arrived at Camp McDonald, east of the Williamsport & Martinsburg Turnpike, opposite Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, in the afternoon on 7 July, 1861.

Camp McDonald, east of the Williamsport & Martinsburg Turnpike, opposite Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 7-8 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were to proceed by the Williamsport & Martinsburg Turnpike to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 8 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp McCormick, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day.

Note: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were temporarily assigned to the Seventh Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.94, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861, and to the Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, Special Orders No.96, Paragragh I, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861 (See the Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania).

Camp McCormick, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 15-17 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 5/6 AM on 15 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Dart, on Mill Creek, east of Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day. Companies D, F, G, I, and K were ordered to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and arrived by the Middleway, Charlestown & Harpers Ferry Turnpike via Middleway or Smithfield, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Captain W W H Davis, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company I, was appointed provost marshall, and 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company I, was assigned as provost guard at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, detachment of Company D & Company G, 19-20 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry (105), detachment of Company D and Company G, under the command of Captain T Yeager, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company G, were ordered to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, at 7 AM on 19 July, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & ohio Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 1 PM the same day. A detachment of Company D and Company G arrived at Baltimore City, Maryland, at 6 PM on 19 July, 1861, and by the Northern Central Railroad at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 20 July, 1861.

Charlestown to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, detachment of Company D & Companies F, I, & K, 21 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, detachment of Company D and Companies F, I, and K, were ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Bolivar Heights, one and a half miles west of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, detachment of Company D & Companies F, I, & K, 23-25 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, detachment of Company D and Companies F, I, and K, under the command of Colonel H L Cake, were ordered across the Potomac River to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, in the evening on 23 July, 1861, and to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, the same day. A detachment of Company D and Companies F, I, and K were accompanied by the 1st Pennsylvania Infantry and the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, detachment of Company D and Companies F, I, and K, arrived by the Northern Central Railroad at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, via Baltimore City, Maryland, in the morning on 25 July, 1861 (See the Second Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania).

Note: A detachment of the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company D, under the command of Captain E McDonald, was ordered to turn over camp and garrison equipage to Quatermaster J Schiefly, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, at Bolivar Heights, one and a half miles west of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 23, 24, & 26 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company G, was mustered out at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, by Major T Williams, 5th United States Artillery, on 23 July, 1861; a detachment of Company D (22) on 24 July, 1861; a detachment of Company D and Companies F, I, and K on 26 July, 1861.

Note: The Allen Infantry arrived at Allentown, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, on 24 July, 1861, and a detachment of the National Light Infantry (20), under the command of Captain E McDonald, at Pottsville, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, in the evening on 26 July, 1861.

Orders of Battle

The above painting, 'New York's Bravest', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historical artist.