The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Department of Washington

Private C B Evans, Washington Artillery

Private C B Evans, Company H, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry

Twenty-fifth Pennsylvania Infantry

Companies A, D, E, G, and H were mustered in United States service for three months on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., the same day. Companies F, I, and K were mustered in United States service for three months between 26 April and 2 May, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., on 15 and 16 May, 1861. Companies B and C were mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C., on 3 and 6 June, 1861, dated 3 June, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL H L CAKE
Second Lieutenant H L Cake, National Light Infantry, was appointed colonel, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 4 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J B SELHEIMER
Captain J B Selheimer, Logan Guards, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 4 May, 1861.

MAJOR J H CAMPBELL
Congressman J H Campbell arrived at Washington, D. C., on 19 April, 1861, and was assigned to the C M Clay Battalion Infantry between 19 April and 4 May, 1861 (See Independent Companies, Department of Washington). Congressman J H Campbell was appointed, major, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 4 May, 1861.

Company A Ringgold Light Artillery: Capt. J McKnight
The company was accepted in state service at Reading, Berks County, Pennsylvania, on 16 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 18 April, 1861. Sergeant G W Durell, Ringgold Light Artillery, was appointed first lieutenant, Ringgold Light Artillery, on 1 May, 1861, and Captain J McKnight, Ringgold Light Artillery, was appointed captain, 5th United States Artillery, Light Company M, by General Orders No.33, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861 (See the 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D).
Company B Haskin Guards: CAPT. J Wren
The company was organised and mustered in United States service with seventeen men of the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies E and H, at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Wipple, United States Army, on 6 June, 1861, dated 3 June, 1861, and Private J Wren, Company H, was appointed captain on 6 June, 1861, dated 3 June, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. H Nagle
The company was organised and mustered in United States service with additional men of the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A and D, at the Arsenal, Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Wipple, United States Army, on 3 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant H Nagle, Company A, was appointed captain on 1 May, 1861.
Company D National Light Infantry: CAPT. E McDonald
The company was accepted in state service at Pottsville, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, on 13 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 18 April, 1861. Second Lieutenant H L Cake, National Light Artillery, was appointed colonel, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 1 May, 1861.
Company E Logan Guards: CAPT. T W Hulings
The company was accepted in state service at Lewistown, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania, under the command of Captain J Selheimer, on 16 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C, at 7 PM on 18 April, 1861. Captain J Selheimer, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company E, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 1 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant T W Hulings, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company E, was appointed captain, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company E, on 28 May, 1861.
Company F Lochiel Greys: CAPT. H McCormick
The company was mustered in United States service for three months at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, by Captain S G Simmons, 7th United States Infantry, Company H, on 2 May, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 11 PM on 16 May, 1861.
Company G Allen Infantry: CAPT. T Yeager
The company was accepted in state service at Allentown, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, on 16 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 18 April, 1861.
Company H Washington Artillery: CAPT. D A Smith
The company was accepted in state service at Pottsville, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, under the command of Captain J Wren, on 16 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 18 April, 1861. Captain J Wren, Washington Artillery, resigned at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, on 10 May, 1861, and was appointed captain, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company B, on 6 June, 1861, dated 3 June, 1861. First Lieutenant D A Smith, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company H, was appointed captain, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company H, at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, on 31 May, 1861, dated 4 May, 1861.
Company I Doylestown Guards: CAPT. W W H Davis
The company was accepted in state service at Doylestown, Berks County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., at 4 PM on 15 May, 1861.
Company K Carbondale City Guards: CAPT. A Dart
The company was accepted in state service at Carbondale, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, in April 1861 and was mustered in United States service for three months at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, by Captain S G Simmons, 7th United States Infantry, company H, on 26 April, 1861. The company arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 11 PM on 16 May, 1861.

Sources

"By 9 a. m., Porter had these five companies, comprising 482 officers and men, mustered into the service of the United States, loaded on board a Northern Central Railway train and started for Washington. They had for company on the train forty-five regulars of the 4th Artillery en route for Fort McHenry, under the command of Captain J. C. Pemberton, that recreant son of Pennsylvania who, deserting the flag of his country, joined the Southern Confederacy, became one of its Lieut. Generals, and is now only known to fame as having unconditionally surrendered his command at Vicksburg to General Ulysses S. Grant."

A few acts and actors in the tragedy of the Civil War in the United States, by William Bender Wilson

"Not until May 10 did the soldiers of the National Light Infantry, Ringgold Light Artillery, and Allen Infantry receive their soldiers' attire and gear, consisting of a blue pair of pants, a blue frock coat, a fatigue coat, forage cap, great coat, woolen shirt, two pairs of cotton stockings, two pairs of cotton drawers, two pairs of shoes, a knapsack, haversack, and canteen. The soldiers of the Eashington Artillery and Logan Guards, stationed twenty miles below Washington, received these items two days later."

First in defense of the Union: The Civil War history of the First Defenders, by John D Hoptak

History of the Doylestown Guards, by William W H Davis

The First Defenders, by Heber S Thompson, president of the First Defenders' Association

History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-5, prepared in compliance with acts of the legislation, Volume 1, by Samuel P Bates

Notes

The Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, and the Washington Artillery were ordered to rendezvous at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 16 April, 1861, and were ordered to Washington, D. C., under the call for 75,000 volunteer militia to serve three months on 18 April, 1861, dated 15 April, 1861.

Reading, Berks County, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Company A, 16 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Lebanon Valley Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 6 PM on 16 April, 1861, and arrived at 8 PM the same day.

Note: The Ringgold Light Artillery was stationed at Herr's Hotel, on Third South Street, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 16 April, 1861, and four 6 pounder smoothbores of Ringgold Light Artillery was stationed at Camp Scott, the York County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, at the intersection of King and Queens Streets, York, York County, Pennsylvania, on 11 May, 1861.

Lewistown, Mifflin County, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Company E, 17 April, 1861: The Logan Guards, under the command of Captain J Selheimer, was ordered to proceed by the Pennsylvania Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 17 April, 1861.

Pottsville, Schuylkill County, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Companies D & H, 17 April, 1861: The National Light Infantry and the Washington Artillery, acting as infantry, was ordered to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 2.15 PM on 17 April, 1861, and arrived by the Northern Central Railroad at 8 PM the same day.

Allentown, Lehigh County, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Company G, 17 April, 1861: The Allen Infantry was ordered to proceed by the East Pennsylvania Railroad at 12 PM on 17 April, 1861, and arrived by the Lebanon Valley Railroad at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the evening the same day.

Mustered in three months, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 18 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, and the Washington Artillery were mustered in United States service for three months at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, by Captain S G Simmons, 7th United States Infantry, Company H, in the morning on 18 April, 1861.

Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D. C., 18 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery (120), the Allen Infantry (49), the Logan Guards (96), the National Light Infantry (108), and the Washington Artillery (122), acting as infantry, were ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 9 AM on 18 April, 1861, and were accompanied by the 4th United States Artillery, Light Company F, and the 2nd United States Artillery, Company I, acting as infantry, under the command of Brevet Major & Captain J C Pemberton, 4th United States Artillery, Company F. The Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, and the Washington Artillery arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Baltimore City and Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 7 PM the same day

Hall of Representatives or Senate Chamber, south wing, & Committe Rooms, north wing of the Capitol building, on East Capitol & First Streets, Washington, D. C., 18 April, 1861: Three companies of the Pennsylvania (Militia) Volunteers were stationed at the Hall of Representatives or Senate Chamber, south wing, and two companies at Committe Rooms, north wing of the Capitol building, on East Capitol and First Streets, Washington, D. C., on 18 April, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General W H Keim, Pennsylvania Volunteers, was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Washington, D. C., to command the Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, and the Washington Artillery at 1 PM on 18 April, 1861 (See the Army of Pennsylvania).

Hall of Representatives or Senate Chamber, south wing, & Committe Rooms, north wing of the Capitol building, on East Capitol & First Streets, Washington, D. C., 22 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, the Washington Artillery, and the 6th Massachusetts Infantry were stationed at the Capitol building, on East Capitol and First Streets, Washington, D. C., on 22 April, 1861 (See the (See the 6th Massachusetts Infantry).

Note: The National Guard Battalion Infantry, Company E, was stationed at the north wing of the Capitol building, between East Capitol and First Streets, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 18 April, 1861, and the 6th Massachusetts Infantry arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., on 19 April, 1861 (See the District Columbia Militia, Department of Washington).

Navy Yard, on M Street, between Sixth & Ninth Streets, Washington, D. C., Company A, 23 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery was ordered to the Navy Yard, on M Street, between Sixth and Ninth Streets, Washington, D. C., on 23 April, 1861, and a detachment (10) with one 12 pounder howitzer was stationed at the Navy Yard Bridge, on the Eastern Branch of the Potomac River or Anacostia River, Washington, D. C., on 24 April, 1861.

Note: The Ringgold Light Artillery was assigned three 12 pounder howitzers by Captain J A Dahlgren, United States Navy, on 23 April, 1861, and a detachment (7) were assigned to guard duty on the steamer Powhatan during a reconnaissance on the Potomac River on 26 April, 1861.

Navy Yard, on M Street, between Sixth & Ninth Streets, to Capital building, between East Capitol & First Streets, Washington, Washington, D. C., 26 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery was ordered to the Capital building, between East Capitol and First Streets, Washington, D. C., by Assistant Adjutant General & Brevet Major I McDowell, United States Army, on 26 April, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, Companies E & H, 30 April, 1861: The Logan Guards and the Washington Artillery were ordered to Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, at 1 PM on 30 April, 1861, and arrived at the Navy Yard, on M Street, between Sixth and Ninth Streets, Washington, D. C., at 1.30 PM the same day. The Logan Guards and the Washington Artillery arrived by the steamer Philadelphia at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, at 6.30 PM on 30 April, 1861.

Note: The Logan Guards and the Washington Artillery were to garrison duty at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, under the command of Brevet Major & Captain J A Haskin, 1st United States Artillery, Company D, between 30 April, 1861 (See the United States Army, Department of Washington).

Abstract from returns of the volunteer troops in the Department of Washington, Colonel J F K Mansfield, United States Army, commanding, 30 April, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery, the Allen Infantry, the Logan Guards, the National Light Infantry, and the Washington Artillery were stationed at Casparis' House, on South A Street, Capitol Hill, east of the Capital building, between East Capitol and First Streets, Washington, D. C., on 30 April, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Companies F, I, & K, 26 & 30 April & 2 May, 1861: The Carbondale City Guards was mustered in United States service for three months at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, by Captain S G Simmons, 7th United States Infantry, Company H, on 26 April, 1861; the Doylestown Guards on 30 April, 1861; and the Lochiel Greys on 2 May, 1861.

Doylestown, Bucks County, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Company I, 29 April, 1861: The Doylestown Guards was ordered to proceed by the Doylestown Branch, North Pennsylvania Railroad, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 29 April, 1861, dated 12 PM 26 April, 1861, and arrived by the North Pennsylvania Railroad at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 9.30 AM the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Columbia & Philadelphia Branch, Pennsylvania Railroad, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 29 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Lancaster City Guards, under the command of Captain D W Patterson, between Lancaster, Lancaster County, and Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania (See the Third Brigade, First Division, Army of Pennsylvania). The Doylestown Guards arrived at Camp Curtin, the Dauphin County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, half a mile north of Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the evening the same day.

Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., Companies D & G, 1 May, 1861: The National Light Infantry and the Allen Infantry were ordered to the Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., by Special Orders No.34, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 1 May, 1861, and the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry was accepted in state service at Washington, D. C., on 1 May, 1861.

Note: Brevet Major & Captain G D Ramsay, United States Ordnance Corps, was assigned to command the National Light Infantry and the Allen Infantry stationed at the Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., by Special Orders No.35, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 2 May, 1861.

Harrisburg, Dauphin County, to York, York County, Pennsylvania, Company I, 2 May, 1861: The Doylestown Guards was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to York, York County, Pennsylvania, on 2 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the German Light Infantry, the Jackson Guards, the Wynkoop Artillery, the Union Guards, and the Schuylkill Guards (See the Fourth Brigade, First Division, Army of Pennsylvania). The company arrived at Camp Scott, York County Agricultural Society, at the junction of King and Queens Streets, York, York County, Pennsylvania, in the evneing the same day.

Note: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry was accepted in state service for three months at Washington, D. C., on 4 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.35, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., Company A, 5 May, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery was ordered to the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., by Special Orders No.35, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 5 May, 1861.

York County Agricultural Society, at the junction of King & Queens Streets, York, York County, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D. C., Company I, 14-15 May, 1861: The Doylestown Guards (74) was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad with four 6 pounder smoothbores of the Ringgold Light Artillery to Washington, D. C., by Special Orders No.61, Headquarters, Camp Scott, York County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, at the junction of King and Queens Streets, York, York County, Pennsylvania, at 8 PM on 14 May, 1861, dated 12 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Pennsylvania Infantry (See the Second Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania). The company arrived at Bolton Station, at the junction of Bolton and North Howard Streets, Baltimore City, Maryland, at 8 AM on 15 May, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 4 PM the same day and was stationed at a dwelling at the entrance to the grounds of the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., on 15 May, 1861.

Note: The Doylestown Guards was assigned to the 16th Pennsylvania Infantry at Camp Scott, the York County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, at the intersection of King and Queens Streets, York, York County, Pennsylvania, on 3 May, 1861.

Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D. C., Companies F & K, 16 May, 1861: The Lochiel Greys (77) and the Carbondale City Guards (77) were stationed at Camp Curtin, the Dauphin County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, half a mile north of Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 15 May, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 7 AM on the 16 May, 1861. The Lochiel Greys and the Carbondale City Guards were accompanied by the 1st Michigan Infantry and arrived at Baltimore City, Maryland, at 4.30 PM the same day (See the 1st Michigan Infantry). The Lochiel Greys and the Carbondale City Guards were ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 16 May, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 11 PM the same day. The Lochiel Greys and the Carbondale City Guards were ordered to Union Hall building, on the corner of Sixth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 16 May, 1861.

Note: The Lochiel Greys, under the command of Captain H McCormick, was assigned to the 14th Pennsylvania Infantry at Camp Curtin, the Dauphin County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, half a mile north of Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 4 May, 1861 (See the Fifth Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania).

United States Penitentiary, in the vicinity of the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., Company D, 11 May, 1861: The National Light Infantry was stationed at the United States Penitentiary, in the vicinity of the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., on 11 May, 1861.

Fort of West, on Four & a half Street, in the vicinity of the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C., Company F, 19 May, 1861: The Lochiel Greys was ordered to Fort of West, on Four and a half Street, in the vicinity of the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C., at 4 PM on 19 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.106, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., Companies A, D, & G, 27 May, 1861: The Ringgold Light Artillery, the National Light Infantry, and the Allen Infantry were assigned to Colonel H L Cake, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, by Special Orders No.106, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 27 May, 1861.

Note: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company B, was mustered in United States service with seventeen men of Companies E and H, at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Wipple, United States Army, on 6 June, 1861, dated 3 June, 1861, and Company C with additional men of Companies A and D at the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., on 3 June, 1861.

Fort Runyon, at the junction of the Columbia & the Washington & Alexandria Turnpikes, Alexandria County, Virginia, Companies A & G, 8-15 June, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A and G, were assigned to duty at Fort Runyon, at the junction of the Columbia and the Washington & Alexandria Turnpikes, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 8 and 15 June, 1861.

Note: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A and G, were assigned to duty unloading and mounting heavy guns at Fort Runyon, at the junction of the Columbia and the Washington & Alexandria Turnpikes, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the command of Major J G Barnard, chief of artillery, McDowell's Army, on 8 June, 1861.

Rockville Expedition, 30 June, 1861

The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were stationed at Camp Mansfield, Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C., on 28 June, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 29-30 June, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, under the command of Lieuetenant Colonel L Selheimer and Major J H Campbell, were ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 2 PM on 29 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Logan, three miles north of Georgetown, D. C., the same day. Companies D, F, G, I, and K were ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 8 AM on 30 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hayward, Montgomery County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, in the vicinity of Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 12 PM the same day (See the Rockville Expedition).

Special Orders No.109, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., 30 June, 1861: Colonel C P Stone was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.109, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 30 June, 1861.

Note: Colonel H L Cake, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, arrived at Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the evening on 30 June, 1861, and Major J H Campbell, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, was ordered to Washington, D. C., in the morning on 1 July, 1861.

Army of pennsylvania, 8-24 July, 1861

The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were stationed in the vicinity of Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 30 June, 1861.

Rockville to Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 1 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, under the command of Colonel H L Cake, were ordered to Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 5 AM on 1 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Lochiel, in the vicinity of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, at 12 PM the same day.

Poolesville, Montgomery County, to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 2-4 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were ordered to the mouth of the Monocacy River, half a mile north of Spink's Ferry, on the Potomac River, Frederick County, Maryland, at 2 PM on 2 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Joseph, the mouth of the Monocacy River, half a mile north of Spink's Ferry, on the Potomac River, Frederick County, Maryland, the same day. Companies D, F, G, I, and K were ordered to Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, at 2 PM on 3 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Stone, in the vicinity of Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, the same day. The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, arrived at Camp Ratcliff, in the vicinity of Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, opposite Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 4 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st New Hampshire Infantry arrived at the mouth of the Monocacy River, half a mile north of Spink's Ferry, on the Potomac River, Frederick County, Maryland, at 12.30 PM on 3 July, 1861, and the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were stationed at Camp Ratcliff, in the vicinity of Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 5 July, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Sandy Hook to Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 6-7 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 6 July, 1861, and arrived at Sharpsburg, Washington County, Maryland, at 3 PM the same day. Companies D, F, G, I, and K were ordered to proceed by the Hagerstown Turnpike to Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, in the afternoon on 6 July, 1861, and arrived six miles west of Sharpsburg, Washington County, Maryland, in the evening on 6 July, 1861. The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, arrived at Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, in the morning on 7 July, 1861.

Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 7-8 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were ordered across the Potomac River at Lemon's Ferry, west of Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, at 4 PM on 7 July, 1861, and by the Williamsport & Martinsburg Turnpike to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 8 July, 1861. Companies D, F, G, I, and K arrived at Camp McCormick, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day.

Note: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were temporarily assigned to the Seventh Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.94, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861, and to the Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, Special Orders No.96, Paragragh I, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861 (See the Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania).

Martinsburg, Berkeley County, to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 15-17 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 15 July, 1861, and arrived in the vicinity of a paper mill, on Mill Creek, east of Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day. Companies D, F, G, I, and K were ordered to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and arrived by the Middleway, Charlestown & Harpers Ferry Turnpike via Middleway or Smithfield, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Three companies of the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, under the command of Captain W W H Davis, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company I, were assigned as provost guard at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 18 and 21 July, 1861.

Charlestown to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, two companies, 21 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Bolivar Heights, one and a half miles west of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Three companies of the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry were ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 23-25 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were ordered across the Potomac River to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, in the evening on 23 July, 1861, and proceeded by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, the same day. Companies D, F, G, I, and K were accompanied by the 1st Pennsylvania Infantry (See the Second Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania). The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, arrived by the Northern Central Railroad at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, via Washington, D. C., and Baltimore City, Maryland, in the morning on 25 July, 1861.

Washington, D. C.

The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, were stationed at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, and Companies A and D at the United States Penitentiary, in the vicinity of the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., on 21 July, 1861.

Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Companies B, E, & H, 24-25 July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Philadelphia to the Washington Arsenal, Washington, D. C., at 7.30 PM on 24 July, 1861, and arrived at 9 PM the same day. Companies B, E, and H were ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 25 July, 1861, and arrived by Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Baltimore City, Maryland, at 1 PM the same day. The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, were ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 3 PM on 25 July, 1861, and arrived at 10 PM the same day.

Mustered out, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 23, 26, & 29, July, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A and C, were mustered out at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 23 July, 1861; Companies D, F, G, I, and K, on 26 July, 1861; and Companies B, E, and H at 8 AM on 29 July, 1861.

Orders of Battle

The above painting, 'New York's Bravest', is by Don Troiani, modern America's finest historical artist.