The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Army of Pennsylvania

Seventh Brigade, Third Division

Colonel C P Stone, Fourteenth United States Infantry
Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, was assigned to command the Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, by Special Orders No.96, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861.

First New Hampshire Infantry

Col. M TAPPAN

The 1st New Hampshire Infantry arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 8 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.96, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).
Arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861

Ninth New York State Militia (Eighty-Third New York Infantry)

Col. J W Stiles

The 9th New York State Militia arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 8 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.96, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861 (See the Volunteers, Department of Washington).
Arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861

Seventeenth Pennsylvania Infantry

Col. F E Patterson

The 17th Pennsylvania Infantry arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 8 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.96, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).
Arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861

Twenty-fifth Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, & K

Col. H L CAKE

The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 8 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.96, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861 (See the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry).
Arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861

Third District Columbia Battalion Militia, Detachment

Acting Maj. & Capt. J R Smead

A detachment of fifty to seventy-five men of the Slemmer Guards, the Union Volunteers or Regiment, Company F, and the National Rifles, under the command of Acting Major & Captain J R Smead, 3rd District of Columbia Battalion Militia, arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 8 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.96, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861 (See the District of Columbia Militia, Department of Washington).
Arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861

Army of the Shenandoah

Third Wisconsin Infantry

Col. C S Hamilton
Colonel C S Hamilton, Wisconsin Militia, was appointed colonel, 3rd Wisconsin Infantry, on 28 May, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861.

The 3rd Wisconsin Infantry was accepted in state service for three years at Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, on 7 May, 1861, and was ordered to Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, under the call for 42,034 volunteers to serve three years, unless sooner discharged, on 12 July, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861.

The 3rd Wisconsin Infantry, Company A, was accepted in state service for three years at Watertown, Jefferson County, Wisconsin, dated 18 April, 1861; Company I on 19 April, 1861, dated 25 April, 1861; Company G on 20 April, 1861, dated 23 April, 1861; Companies C at Monroe, Green County, Wisconsin, on 22 April, 1861, dated 23 April, 1861; Companies D at Waupun, Dodge and Fond du Lac Counties, Wisconsin, on 22 April, 1861, dated 23 April, 1861; Company E at Mayville, Dodge County, Wisconsin, on 22 April, 1861, dated 23 April, 1861; Company F at Buscobel, Grant County, Wiscinsin, on 22 April, 1861, dated 23 April, 1861; Company H at Darlington, Lafayette County, Wisconsin, on 22 April, 1861, dated 24 April, 1861; Company B at Oshkosh, Winnebago County, Wisconsin, on 23 April, 1861; and Company K at Madison, Dane County, Wisconsin, dated 24 April, 1861.

Note: The 3rd Wisconsin Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, by General Orders No.7, State of Wisconsin, Adjutant General's Office, Madison, Dane County, Wisconsin, on 12 June, 1861.

Camp Hamilton, north of Forest Street, half a mile west of the West Branch of the Fond du Lac River, Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, 14, 15, 17, & 18 June, 1861: The Dane County Guards and the Union Guards arrived at Camp Hamilton, north of Forest Street, half a mile west of the West Branch of the Fond du Lac River, Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, on 14 June, 1861; the Williamstown Union Rifles, the Scott's Volunteers, the Neenah Guards, and the Waupun Light Guards on 15 June, 1861; the Watertown Rifles, the Lafayette Rifles, and the Shullsburg Light Guards on 17 June, 1861; and the Green County Volunteers on 18 June, 1861.

Note: The Green County Volunteers was ordered to Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, at 7 AM on 18 June, 1861.

Mustered in three years, Camp Hamilton, north of Forest Street, half a mile west of the West Branch of the Fond du Lac River, Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, 29 June, 1861: The 3rd Wisconsin Infantry was mustered in United States service for three years at Camp Hamilton, north of Forest Street, half a mile west of of the West Branch of the Fond du Lac River, Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, by Captain J B McIntyre, 1st United States Cavalry, Company E, on 29 June, 1861.

Organisation of 3rd Wisconsin Infantry, 29 June, 1861: Colonel C S Hamilton, Lieutenant Colonel T H Ruger, Major B Pinkney; Company A, Watertown Rifles, Captain D S Gibbs; Company B, Scott's Volunteers, Captain J W Scott; Company C, Green County Volunteers, Captain M Flood; Company D, Waupun Light Guards, Captain A Clark; Company E, Williamstown Union Rifles, Captain G Hammer; Company F, Union Guards, Captain G W Limbocker; Company G, Neenah Guards, Captain E L Hubbard; Company H, Lafayette Rifles, Captain G J Whitman; Company I, Shullsburg Light Guards, Captain E Vandagrift; Company K, Dane County Guards, Captain W Hawley

Note: Colonel C S Hamilton, 3rd Wisconsin Infantry, was appointed brigadier general, Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel T H Ruger, Major B Pinkney, and Adjutant & Second Lieutenant L H D Crane, 3rd Wisconsin Infantry, were appointed colonel, lieutenant colonel, amd major, 3rd Wisconsin Infantry, respectively on 10 August, 1861.

North of Forest Street, half a mile west of the West Branch of the Fond du Lac River, Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, to Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, 12-16 July, 1861: The 3rd Wisconsin Infantry (979) was ordered to proceed by the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 7 PM on 12 July, 1861, and arrived at Janesville, Rock County, Wisconsin, in the morning on 13 July, 1861. The regiment arrived by the Michigan Southern 7 Northern Indiana Railroad to Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio, in the evening on the same day and by the Buffalo & Erie Railroad at Buffalo, Erie County, new York, at 4 PM on 14 July, 1861. The 3rd Wisconsin Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Buffalo & New York City Railroad to Elmira, Chemung County, New York, at 6 PM the same day and arrived by the Northern Central Railroad at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 2 AM on 16 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Cumberland valley Railroad to Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning the same day and arrived by the Franklin Railroad at Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, in the morning on 17 July, 1861.

Hagerstown, Washington County, Wisconsin, to the vicinity of Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, 19-20 July, 1861: The 3rd Wisconsin Infantry was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 July, 1861, and arrived at Rohrersville, Washington County, Maryland, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pinkney, on the southeastern slope of Maryland Heights, overlooking Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, the same day.

Note: The 3rd Wisconsin Infantry was ordered to assigned to the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th Unted States Infantry, by General Orders No.36, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of the Shenandoah, at Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 29 July, 1861, and Colonel C S Hamilton, 3rd Wisconsin Infantry, was assigned to command the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, by Special Orders No.168, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of the Shenandoah, at Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 8 August, 1861.

Mustered out, Louisville, Harrison County, Kentucky, 18 July, 1865: The three years' men of the 3rd Wisconsin Infantry were mustered out at Kennesaw, Cobb County, Georgia, on 1 July, 1864, and the 3rd Wisconsin Infantry was mustered out at Louisville, Harrison County, Kentucky, on 18 July, 1865.
Mustered in United States service for three years 29 June, 1861. Arrived at Maryland Heights, opposite Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 20 July, 1861

Sources

A narrative of service with the Third Wisconsin Infantry, by Julian Wisner Hinkley

The military history of Wisconsin: A record of the civil and military, by Edwin Bentley Quiner

History of the Third Regiment of Wisconsin Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865, with maps compiled by Wm. F. Godhue, veteran of Company C, and a complete roster of all who were members of the regiment, by Edwin E Bryant

The First Regiment New Hampshire Volunteers in the Great Rebellion: Containing the story of the campaign; an account of the Great uprising of the people of state, and other articles upon subjects associated with the early war period; map of the route of the regiment; tables; biographies; portraits and illustrations, by Rev. Stephen G Abbott, A M, Chaplin of the regiment

First in defense of the Union: The civil war history of the First Defenders, by John D Hoptak

The first defenders, by Heber S Thompson, president of the First Defenders' Association.

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volumes 3 & 4, by Frederick Phisterer

A narrative of the campaign in the Valley of the Shenandoah in 1861, by Robert Patterson

Reminiscences of the war, or, incidents which transpired in and about Chambersburg, during the War of the Rebellion, by J Hoke

Three years' campaign of the Ninth N.Y.S.M. during the Southern rebellion, by John W Jaques

History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-5, prepared in complience with acts of the legislation, Volume 1, by Samuel P Bates

Notes

The 9th New York State Militia, the 17th Pennslvania Infantry, the 1st New Hampshire Infantry, the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, and a detachment of fifty to seventy-five men of the 3rd District of Columbia Battalion Militia, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 8 July, 1861 (See the Rockville Expedition).

Note: The 4th United States Artillery, Light Company F, was assigned to the Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, on 8 July, 1861 (See the United States Army, Department of Washington).

Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 9th New York State Militia, Company K, 9 & 10 July, 1861: The 9th New York State Militia, Company K, arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening on 9 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania, under the command of Brigadier General J S Negley, Pennsylvania Volunteers, on 10 July, 1861 (See the Fifth Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania).

Note: The 9th New York State Militia, the 17th Pennslvania Infantry, the 1st New Hampshire Infantry, the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were temporarily assigned to the Seventh Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania, under the command of Colonel General C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.94, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861, and to the Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, by Special Orders No.96, Paragragh I, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861.

Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15-17 July, 1861: The Seventh Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania, was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 15 July, 1861, and arrived in the vicinity of Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day. The Seventh Brigade was ordered to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and arrived by the Middleway, Charlestown & Harpers Ferry Turnpike via Middleway or Smithfield, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: A company of cavalry, Doubleday's Battalion Heavy (Seige) Artillery, and two sections of the 4th United States Artillery, Light Company F, were temporarily assigned to the Seventh Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania, on 16 July, 1861.

Charlestown to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The Seventh Brigade was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 21 Juy, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Note: Three companies of the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, under the command of Captain W W H Davis, 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company I, were assigned as provost guard at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 18 and 21 July, 1861.

Maryland Heights, overlooking Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, 3rd Wisconsin Infantry, 17 & 20 July, 1861: The 3rd Wisconsin Infantry arrived by the Franklin Railroad at Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and at Camp Pinkney, on the southeasten slope of Maryland Heights, overlooking Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 20 July, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 17th Pennsylvania Infantry & 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, & K, 23 & 24 July, 1861: The 17th Pennsylvania Infantry and the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were ordered across the Potomac River at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, at 7 PM on 23 July, 1861, and the t 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were ordered to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 9 AM on 24 July, 1861.

Note: The 17th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Special Orders No.126, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 24 July, 1861, dated 23 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Philadelphia & Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 26 July & 2 August, 1861: The 25th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies D, F, G, I, and K, were mustered out at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 26 July, 1861, and the 17th Pennslvania Infantry at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 2 August, 1861.

Note: Major General R Patterson, Pennsylvania Volunteers, was discharged by General Orders No.46, Paragraph I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 19 July, 1861, dated 27 July, 1861, and Major General G C W Sandford, First Division, New York State State Militia, was discharged by General Orders No.62, Paragraph III, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 15 August, 1861.

Army of the Shenandoah, 25 July-17 August, 1861

Major General N P Banks, United States Volunteers, was assigned to command the Army of the Pennsylvania, Headquarters in the field, by General Orders No.46, Paragraph II, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 19 July, 1861, and arrived by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, at 9 PM on 24 July, 1861. He assumed command of the Department of the Shenadoah at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Note: Major General J A Dix, United States Volunteers, was assigned to command the Department of Maryland, Headquarters at Baltimore City, Maryland, and the Department of Pennsylvania was redesignated the Department of the Shenandoah by General Orders No.46, Paragraph II, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 19 July, 1861 (See the Departments of Maryland and Annapolis).

General Orders No.47, Paragragh I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 25 July, 1861: The counties of Washington and Allegheny in Maryland and such other parts of Virginia as may be covered by the Army in its operations were added to the Department of the Shenandoah; the counties of Pronce George, Montgomery, and Frederick were added to the Department of Washington; the remainder of Maryland and all Pennsylvania and Delaware constituted the Department of Pennsylvania, Headquarters at Baltimore City, Maryland; and the Department of Washington and the Department of Northeastern Virginia, constituted a geographical Division, Headquarters Washington, D. C., by General Orders No.47, Paragragh I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 25 July, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, 1st New Hampshire Infantry & 9th New York State Militia, 28 July, 1861: The 1st New Hampshire Infantry and the 9th New York State Militia were ordered across the Potomac River at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, at 8 AM on 28 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st New Hampshire Infantry was ordered to Concord, Merrimack County, New Hampshire, by Special Orders, No.147, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 2 August, 1861, dated 1 August, 1861.

Organisation of Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, 29 July, 1861: Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry; 1st New Hampshire Infantry, Colonel M Tappen; 9th New York State Militia, Colonel J S Stiles; 3rd Wisconsin Infantry, Colonel C S Hamilton; 5th New York State Militia, Lieutenant Colonel L Burger (See the Eighth Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania); 4th United States Artillery, Light Company F, Captain E Mck. Hudson, 14th United States Infantry

Mustered out, Concord, Merrimack County, New Hampshire, 1st New Hampshire Infantry, 9 August, 1861: The 1st New Hampshire Infantry was mustered out at Concord, Merrimack County, New Hampshire, on 9 August, 1861.

Note: Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, was assigned to command the 34th New York Infantry, the 42nd New York Infantry, 2nd New York State Militia, and the 1st Minnesota Infantry by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 4 August, 1861, and Colonel C S Hamilton, 3rd Wisconsin Infantry, was assigned to command the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, by Special Orders No.168, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of the Shenandoah, at Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 8 August, 1861. Major General G C W Sandford, First Division, New York State Militia, was discharged by General Orders No.62, Paragraph III, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 15 August, 1861.