The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Unassigned

Twenty-fifth New York State Militia

Arrived at Washington, D. C., 29 April, 1861. Mustered in United States service for three months 4 May, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL M K BRYAN
M K Bryan was appointed colonel, 25th New York State Militia, on 25 July, 1859.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J SWIFT
J Swift was appointed lieutenant colonel, 25th New York State Militia, on 25 July, 1859.

MAJOR D FRIEDLANDER
D friedlander was appointed major, 25th New York State Militia, on 25 July, 1859.

Company A Republican Artillery: CAPT. J FREDENDALL
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and J Fredendall was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company A, on 14 June, 1858.
Company B Montgomery Guards: CAPT. T MCDERMOTT
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, under the command of Captain J Evers, on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 29 April, 1861. First Lieutenant T McDermott, 25th New York State Militia, Company B, was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company B, on 1 June, 1861.
Company C Worth Guards: CAPT. J GRAY
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and J Gray was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company C, on 21 November, 1860.
Company D City Volunteers: CAPT. F MARSHALL
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and F Marshall was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company D, on 17 May, 1859.
Company E Washington Light Infantry: CAPT. J J HUBER
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and J J Huber was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company E, on 20 October, 1860.
Company F: First Lt. M D McGraw
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, under the command of Captain R McGraw, on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the command of First Lieutenant M D McGraw, 25th New York State Militia, Company F, on 24 April, 1861.
Company G Emmett Guards: CAPT. H MULHOLLAND
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and H Mulholland was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company A, on 2 May, 1860.
Company H Garde Lafayette or Lafayette Guards: CAPT. G GODEFROY
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, under the command of Captain J B Bernard, on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the command of First Lieutenant G Godefroy, on 24 April, 1861. First Lieutenant G Godefroy, 25th New York State Militia, Company H, was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company H, on 1 June, 1861.
Company R Albany Burgess Corps: CAPT. H KINGSLEY
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company R, on 29 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the steamer Columbia to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 3 PM on 5 May, 1861, and arrived at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, on 6 May, 1861.
Company L Washington Rifles: CAPT. F NEWDORF
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and F Newdorf was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company L, on 30 August, 1860.

Sources

"New York, 23 April - The 25th regiment from Albany, today sailed south in the steamer Parkersburg, and the 69th regiment, from this city, on the steamer James Adger. The 8th and 13th regiments departed in the Marion with the U.S. brig Perry in tow."

The Alexandria Gazette, 26 April, 1861 - Movement of troops, &c

"About seven o'clock last evening, the Twenty-fifth (Albany) regiment of New York, arrived by railroad from Annapolis, and were met by a large crowd at the depot, who gave them a cheering welcome. The regiment is composed of nine companies , under the following command: Captains A Fredenhall, John Evers, John Gray, F. Marshall, John Huber, Frederick Newdorf, Henry Dorr, and Lieutenants McGraw and Godefroy."

The National Republican, 30 April, 1861 - Arrival of the Twenty-fifth regiment of New York

"On Monday evening, the Albany Regiment, (the Twenty-fifth,) N. Y. volunteers, arrived in this city by rail from Annapolis. They are seven hundred strong, and are well uniformed and equipped; and the ranks are composed of fine, muscular young men."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 2 May, 1861 - From Washington

"There are 82 members, two drummers, and one fifer, besides the officers and non-commissioned officers, who equipped and armed themselves at their own expense before offering their services to the governor."

"Their uniform is a blue cap, light blue overcoat trimmed with red, plain blue frock coat, light blue pants with a broad white stripe down the side."

The New York Tribune, 2 May, 1861 - Albany Burgesses Corps

"This splendid company from Albany, called the Burgess Corps, landed at Annapolis yesterday. They number nearly two hundred men, and are said to be one of the finest drilled companies in the country."

The National Republican, 7 May, 1861

"The following positions, as nearly as we can learn, are occupied by the northern troops in and around Washington: The 5th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Schwarzwealder, 1,100 men, is quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pinckney, 850 men, is quartered in the City of Washington and at Annapolis. The 7th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lefferts, 1,300 men, is encamped on Prospect Hill, a mile from the White House. The 8th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lyons, 960 men, occupy the Relay House, and a detachment is also stationed at Annapolis. The 12th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Butterfield, 950 men, is quartered in the City. The 13th Regiment N.Y.S.M. (Brooklyn), Colonel Smith, 1,100 men, is stationed at Annapolis. The 20th Regiment (Ulster) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pratt, 800 men, is stationed in Washington. The 25th Regiment (Albany) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Bryan, 800 men, is quartered in Washington. The 28th Regiment (Brooklyn) N.Y.S.M., Colonel M. Bennett, 550 men, is quartered in Washington. The 69th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Corcoran, 1,100 men, is quartered on Georgetown Heights, near the college. The 71st Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Vosburgh, 1,100 men, occupy the Navy yard. They also have control of three boats on the river, manned with 75 men each. The Alexandria bridge is also in charge of the 71st, 150 men stationed on the bridge with three pieces of ordnance. The 1st Regiment Firemen Zouaves (Volunteers), Colonel E. E. Ellsworth, 1,015 men, will soon be encamped on Georgetown Heights. They have been quartered in the Capital. Governor Sprague's Rhode Islanders, Colonel Burnside, 1,100 men, are quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment Massachusetts occupies the Relay House, nine miles from Baltimore. The 8th Massachusetts Regiment is quartered in Washington. A Regiment of pennsylvania troops is stationed at the Relay House with the Massachusetts 6th and New York 8th, while the remainder is stationed in Washington. The 4th New jersey Regiment has gone into encampment on Meridian Hill, near the camp of the New York 7th. About 2,700 New Jersey soldiers are quartered in Washington."

The Belmont Chronicle (St Clairsville, Belmont County, Ohio), 16 May, 1861 - Positions of Northern troops in the South

Books/ Manuscripts

Third Annual Assembly of the Bureau of Military Record, State of New York, transmitted to the legislature, Albany, 2 February, 1866: Services of New York Militia regiments in 1861, pp301-303

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 1, by Frederick Phisterer

American Civil War fortifications No.2: Land and field fortifications, by Ron Field and illustrated by Peter Dennis

Mr Lincoln's forts: A guide to the Civil War defenses of Washington D. C., New Edition, by Benjamin F Cooling II and Walton H Owen II

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 2, New York, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio

Notes

The 25th New York State Militia was accepted in state service for three months at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the call for 75,000 volunteer militia to serve three months on 24 April, 1861, dated 15 April, 1861.

Organisation of 25th Regiment (483), Ninth Brigade, Third Division, New York State Militia, 16 January, 1861: Colonel M K Bryan, Lieutenant Colonel J Swift, Major D Friedlander; Company A (47), Captain J Fredendall; Company B (46), Captain J Evers; Company C (39), Captain J Gray; Company D (62), Captain F Marshall; Company E (36), Captain J J Huber; Company F (38), Captain R McGraw; Company G (62), Captain H Mullholland; Company H (40), Captain J P Bernard; Company R (30) (Cavalry), Captain H Dorr; Company L (45), Captain F Newdorf

Accepted in state service, Albany, Albany County, New York, 19 April, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia, Companies, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, L, and R, accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861.

Albany, Albany County, to New York City, New York County, New York, 22 April, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia was ordered to proceed by the Hudson River Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 4 PM on 22 April, 1861, and arrived at New York City, New York County, New York, at 11 PM the same day.

Note: The 25th New York State Militia was stationed at the Astor House, on the corner of Broadway and Vesey Street, New York City, New York County, New York, in the morning on 23 April, 1861.

No.73 Broadway, on the corner of Broadway & Rector Street, New York City, New York County, New York, 23-24 April, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia was ordered to No.73 Broadway, on the corner of Broadway and Rector Street, New York City, New York County, New York, between 23 and 24 April, 1861.

Organisation of 25th New York State Militia, 23 April, 1861: Colonel M K Bryan, Lieutenant Colonel J Swift, Major D Friedlander; Company A, Captain J Fredendall; Company B, First Lieutenant T McDermott; Company C, Captain J Gray; Company D, Captain F Marshall; Company E, Captain J J Huber; Company F, First Lieutenant M D McGraw; Company G, Captain H Mullholland; Company H, First Lieutenant G Godefroy; Company R (Cavalry), Captain H Dorr; Company L, Captain F Newdorf; Engineer W Ellis

No.73 Broadway, on the corner of Broadway & Rector Street, New York City, New York County, New York, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 24-26 April, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia (500) was ordered to proceed by the steamer Parkersburgh on the North or Hudson River at Pier No.12, on West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the morning on 24 April, 1861, and arrived in the evening on 26 April, 1861.

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 29 April, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia was ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Washington, D. C., in the morning on 29 April, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 7 PM the same day.

Note: Captain H Dorr, 10th New York State Militia, Company R, arrived at Washington, D. C., accompanied by the 25th New York State Militia at 7 PM on 29 April, 1861.

Casparis' House, on South A Street, Capitol Hill, east of the Capital building, between East Capitol & First Streets, Washington, D. C., 29 April, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia was stationed at the Casparis' House, on South A Street, Capitol Hill, east of the Capital building, between East Capitol and First Streets, Washington, D. C., on 29 April, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Washington, D. C., 4 May, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C., on 4 May, 1861, and

Abstract from returns of the volunteer troops in the Department of Washington, Colonel J F K Mansfield, United States Army, commanding, 30 April, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia was stationed at the Casparis' House, on South A Street, Capitol Hill, east of the Capital building, between East Capitol and First Streets, Washington, D. C., on 30 April, 1861.

Albany, Albany County, to New York City, New York County, New York, Company R, 1 May, 1861: The Albany Burgess Corps, 25th New York State Militia, Company R, under the command of Captain H Kingsley, arrived by the steamer New World at New York City, New York County, New York, between 6 and 7 AM on 1 May, 1861, and was stationed at The Park barracks, opposite City Hall, on the corner of Broadway and Park Row, New York City, New York County, New York, between 1 and 4 May, 1861.

Note: The 20th New York State Militia was stationed at The Park barracks, opposite City Hall, on the corner of Broadway and Park Row, New York City, New York County, New York, on 4 May, 1861 (See the Three Months Volunteers, Departments of Annapolis and Maryland).

New York City, New York County, New York, Company R, 4-7 May, 1861: The Albany Burgess Corps, 25th New York State Militia, Company R, was ordered to Pier No.4, West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, at 12 PM on 4 May, 1861, and proceed by the steamer Columbia on the North or Hudson River to Washington, D. C., at 5 PM the same day. The company arrived at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 5 AM on 6 May, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 2.30 PM on 7 May, 1861. The company arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., in the evening on 7 May, 1861.

Note: The Albany Burgess Corps, 25th New York State Militia, Company R, was accompanied by the Salem Light Infantry or Zouaves, 8th Massachusetts Infantry, Company J, and a detachment of seventy-five men of the 8th New York State Militia, the 28th New York State Militia, and the 71st New York State Militia to Washington, D. C., at 5 PM on 4 May, 1861 (See the Three Months Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Albany, Albany County, New York, to Washington, D. C., Company R, 1-7 May, 1861: The Albany Burgess Corps, 25th New York State Militia, Company R,

Note: The Albany Burgess Corps, 25th New York State Militia, Company R, under the command of Captain H Kingsley, was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C., dated 4 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., 22 May, 1861: Major General C W Sandford, First Division, New York State Militia, was ordered to assume immediate command of all the regiments of his State within the District of Columbia, and to report directly to general headquarters by Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 22 May, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, ALexandria County, & Alexandria, 24 May, 1861

The 25th New York State Militia was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 2 AM on 24 May, 1861, and arrived at Prospect Hill, two hundred yards south of the the toll gate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 4 AM the same day (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Centre Column, Aqueduct Bridge, Georgetown, D. C., to Arlington Heights & Alexandria County, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: Major & Assistant Adjutant General S P Heintzelmen, 1st United States Infantry; 7th New York State Militia, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H, Colonel M Lefferts; 12th New York State Militia, Colonel D Butterfield; 25th New York State Militia, Colonel M K Bryan; 2nd New Jersey Militia, Captain H M Baker; 3rd New Jersey Militia, Colonel W Napton, 4th New Jersey Militia, Captain M Miller, Jr.; 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, Captain A G Brackett; section of 3rd United States Artillery, Light Company E, First Lieutenant D R Ransom

Note: The 25th New York State Militia was assigned to build Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill, two hundred yards south of the toll gate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 24 May, 1861, and was named after Albany, Albany County, New York, by Colonel M K Bryan, 25th New York State Militia (See the United States Corps Engineers).

Headquarters, Department of Fairfax, Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25-27 May, 1861: Major General C W Sandford, First Division, New York State Militia, was assigned to command the New York State Militia stationed at Alexandria County, Virginia, and set up headquarters at Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 25 and 27 May, 1861.

Distribution of New York State Militia, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25-27 May, 1861: The 5th New York State Militia and the 28th New York State Militia were stationed at Camp Union, north of the wagon road, one mile east of Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 7th New York State Militia, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H, at Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 8th New York State Militia and Varian's Light Artillery, 8th New York State Militia, Company I, at the rear of Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 12th New York State Militia in the vicinity of Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Miles Run, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 25th New York State Militia on Prospect Hill, two hundred yards south of the toll gate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, and the 69th New York State Militia at Camp Corcoran, between the wagon road and Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 25 and 27 May, 1861.

General Orders No.1, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, 28 May, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia, the 12th New York State Militia, the 25th New York State Militia and other troops or detachments in his vicinity were assigned to Colonel S P Heintzelman, 17th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.1, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.5, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria, County, Virginia, 3 June, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry, the 8th New York State Militia, and 25th New York State Militia were temporarily assigned to Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut (Militia) Volunteers, by Special Orders No.5, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria, County, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861.

Note: The 25th New York State Militia was stationed at Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill, two hundred yards south of the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861.

Disposition of troops in the defenses of Washington, D. C., 15 July, 1861: Headquarters, Fourth (Reserve) Division, McDowell's Army, Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, Alexandria, Loudoun, & Hampshire Railroad, a quarter of a mile south of Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia; 17th New York Infantry, Colonel H S Lansing, Fort Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, one mile west of Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, and King Street Wharf, Alexandria, Virginia; 21st New York Infantry, Colonel W F Rogers, Fort Runyon, junction of the Columbia and the Washington & Alexandria Turnpikes, Alexandria County, Virginia; Fort Jackson, Jackson City, Alexandria County, Virginia; bastion on the Washington & Alexandria Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia; 25th New York State Militia, Colonel M K Bryan, Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill, two hundred yards south of the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia; 28th New York State Militia, Colonel M P Bennett, Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; blockhouses at Fort Haggerty, opposite Analostan Island, on the Potomac River, Washington, D. C.; Fort Bennett, half a mile north of Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; Aqueduct Bridge and Ferry, opposite Georgetown, D. C.; 40th New York Infantry, Colonel E J Riley, vicinity of Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street Road, D. C.; 41st New York Infantry, Colonel L Von Gilsa, Washington, D. C.; 5th Pennsylvania Infantry, Colonel R P McDowell, Alexandria, Virginia; 2nd New York State Militia, Howitzer Corps, Captain T P Mott, Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles northwest of Georgetown, D. C.

Note: Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, was ordered to Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and assumed command of all the troops not on the march to the front, including those within the various fortifications and camps on 18 July, 1861.

Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill, two hundred yards south of the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia was stationed at Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill,two hundred yards south of the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.

Washington, D. C., Albany, Albany County, New York, 28 July, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia arrived at Park Barracks, New York City, New York County, New York, at 6 AM on 28 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Hudon River Railroad to Albany, Albany County, New York, at 10 AM the same day. The regiment arrived at Albany, Albany County, New York, at 7 PM on 28 July, 1861, and

Mustered out, Albany, Albany County, New York, 4 August, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia was mustered out at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 4 August, 1861.

Reserves, defenses of Washington, D. C., 21 July, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia was assigned to the defenses of Washington, D. C., under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, during and immediately after the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.