The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Unassigned

Twenty-fifth New York State Militia Infantry

Arrived at Washington, D. C., 29 April, 1861. Mustered in United States service for three months 4 May, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL M K BRYAN
M K Bryan was appointed colonel, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, on 25 July, 1859.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J SWIFT
J Swift was appointed lieutenant colonel, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, on 25 July, 1859.

MAJOR D FRIEDLANDER
D friedlander was appointed major, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, on 25 July, 1859.

Company A Albany Republican Artillery: CAPT. J FREDENDALL
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and J Fredendall was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company A, on 14 June, 1858.
Company B: CAPT. T MCDERMOTT
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain J Evers, at 7 PM on 29 April, 1861. First Lieutenant T McDermott, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company B, was appointed captain on 1 June, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. J GRAY
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and J Gray was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company C, on 21 November, 1860.
Company D: CAPT. F MARSHALL
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and F Marshall was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company D, on 17 May, 1859.
Company E: CAPT. J J HUBER
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and J J Huber was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company E, on 20 October, 1860.
Company F: First Lt. M D McGraw
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and M D McGrawwas appointed first lieutenant, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company F, on 12 January, 1857.
Company G Emmett Guards: CAPT. H MULHOLLAND
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and H Mulholland was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company A, on 2 May, 1860.
Company H Garde Lafayette: CAPT. G GODEFROY
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, under the command of Captain J B Barnard, on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., under the command of First Lieutenant G Godefroy. First Lieutenant G Godefroy, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company H, was appointed captain on 1 June, 1861.
Company R Albany Burgess Corps: CAPT. H KINGSLEY
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company R, on 29 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the steamer Columbia to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 3 PM on 5 May, 1861, and arrived at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, on 6 May, 1861.
Company L: CAPT. F NEWDORF
The company was accepted in state service at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and F Newdorf was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company L, on 30 August, 1860.

Sources

"New York, 23 April - The 25th regiment from Albany, today sailed south in the steamer Parkersburg, and the 69th regiment, from this city, on the steamer James Adger. The 8th and 13th regiments departed in the Marion with the U.S. brig Perry in tow."

The Alexandria Gazette, 26 April, 1861 - Movement of troops, &c

"About seven o'clock last evening, the Twenty-fifth (Albany) regiment of New York, arrived by railroad from Annapolis, and were met by a large crowd at the depot, who gave them a cheering welcome. The regiment is composed of nine companies , under the following command: Captains A Fredenhall, John Evers, John Gray, F. Marshall, John Huber, Frederick Newdorf, Henry Dorr, and Lieutenants McGraw and Godefroy."

The National Republican, 30 April, 1861 - Arrival of the Twenty-fifth regiment of New York

"On Monday evening, the Albany Regiment, (the Twenty-fifth,) N. Y. volunteers, arrived in this city by rail from Annapolis. They are seven hundred strong, and are well uniformed and equipped; and the ranks are composed of fine, muscular young men."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 2 May, 1861 - From Washington

"This splendid company from Albany, called the Burgess Corps, landed at Annapolis yesterday. They number nearly two hundred men, and are said to be one of the finest drilled companies in the country."

The National Republican, 7 May, 1861

"The following positions, as nearly as we can learn, are occupied by the northern troops in and around Washington: The 5th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Schwarzwealder, 1,100 men, is quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pinckney, 850 men, is quartered in the City of Washington and at Annapolis. The 7th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lefferts, 1,300 men, is encamped on Prospect Hill, a mile from the White House. The 8th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lyons, 960 men, occupy the Relay House, and a detachment is also stationed at Annapolis. The 12th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Butterfield, 950 men, is quartered in the City. The 13th Regiment N.Y.S.M. (Brooklyn), Colonel Smith, 1,100 men, is stationed at Annapolis. The 20th Regiment (Ulster) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pratt, 800 men, is stationed in Washington. The 25th Regiment (Albany) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Bryan, 800 men, is quartered in Washington. The 28th Regiment (Brooklyn) N.Y.S.M., Colonel M. Bennett, 550 men, is quartered in Washington. The 69th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Corcoran, 1,100 men, is quartered on Georgetown Heights, near the college. The 71st Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Vosburgh, 1,100 men, occupy the Navy yard. They also have control of three boats on the river, manned with 75 men each. The Alexandria bridge is also in charge of the 71st, 150 men stationed on the bridge with three pieces of ordnance. The 1st Regiment Firemen Zouaves (Volunteers), Colonel E. E. Ellsworth, 1,015 men, will soon be encamped on Georgetown Heights. They have been quartered in the Capital. Governor Sprague's Rhode Islanders, Colonel Burnside, 1,100 men, are quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment Massachusetts occupies the Relay House, nine miles from Baltimore. The 8th Massachusetts Regiment is quartered in Washington. A Regiment of pennsylvania troops is stationed at the Relay House with the Massachusetts 6th and New York 8th, while the remainder is stationed in Washington. The 4th New jersey Regiment has gone into encampment on Merdian Hill, near the camp of the New York 7th. About 2,700 New Jersey soldiers are quartered in Washington."

The Belmont Chronicle (St Clairsville, Belmont County, Ohio), 16 May, 1861 - Positions of Northern troops in the South

"There are 82 members, two drummers, and one fifer, besides the officers and non-commissioned officers, who equipped and armed themselves at their own expense before offering their services to the governor."

"Their uniform is a blue cap, light blue overcoat trimmed with red, plain blue frock coat, light blue pants with a broad white stripe down the side."

Rebellion Record: Document 126, Albany Burgesses Corps, New York Tribune, 2 May, 1861

"Two more large bastioned earthworks were thrown up to guard the approaches to the Long Bridge. With a perimeter of 1484 yards, Fort Runyon was established at the northern end of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, while the much smaller Fort Albany, with a perimeter of 429 yards and emplacements for 12 guns, was placed about a mile farther down the Columbia Turnpike."

American Civil War fortifications No.2: Land and field fortifications, by Ron Field and illustrated by Peter Dennis

"Fort Albany was constructed by New York troops who named it to honor the capital of their state. The fort was built on the land owned by James Roach, and work was begun on the fort during the end of May 1861. Construction was supervised by Captain Barton S. Alexander of the Army Corps of Engineers, and the fort was completed in about seven weeks."

Mr Lincoln's forts: A guide to the Civil War defenses of Washington D. C., New Edition, by Benjamin F Cooling II and Walton H Owen II

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 1, by Frederick Phisterer

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 2, New York, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio

Notes

The 25th New York State Militia Infantry was accepted in state service for three months at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 19 April, 1861.

Note: The 25th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Albany, Albany County, New York, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861.

Albany, Albany County, to Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 22-23 April, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Hudson River Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 11 AM on 22 April, 1861, and arrived at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, at 12 AM on 23 April, 1861.

Note: The 25th New York State Militia Infantry (500) was ordered to No.173 Broadway, on the corner of Rector Street and Broadway, Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, at 1 AM on 23 April, 1861.

Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, to Washington, D. C., 23-29 April, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the steamer Parkersburgh to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the morning on 23 April, 1861, and arrived via Chesapeake Bay in the evening on 26 April, 1861. The 25th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Washington, D. C., in the morning on 29 April, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 7 PM the same day.

Note: Captain H Dorr, 10th New York State Militia Infantry, Company R, arrived at Washington, D. C., accompanied by the 25th New York State Militia Infantry at 7 PM on 29 April, 1861.

Casparis' House, on South A Street, between East First Street & New Jersey Avenue, near the Capitol building, Washington, D. C., 29 April, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia Infantry was stationed at the Casparis' House, on South A Street, between East First Street and New Jersey Avenue, near the Capitol building, Washington, D. C., on 29 April, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Washington, D. C., 4 May, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C., on 4 May, 1861, and

Abstract from returns of the volunteer troops in the Department of Washington, Colonel J F K Mansfield, United States Army, commanding, 30 April, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia Infantry was stationed at the Casparis' House, near the Capitol building, on South A Street, between East First Street and New Jersey Avenue, Washington, D. C., on 30 April, 1861.

Albany, Albany County, New York, to Washington, D. C., Company R, 1-7 May, 1861: The Albany Burgess Corps, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company R, under the command of Captain H Kingsley, arrived by the steamer New World at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, between 6 and 7 AM on 1 May, 1861, and was stationed at City Hall Park, Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, between 1 and 4 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the steamer Columbia to Washington, D. C., at 6 PM on 4 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the Salem Light Infantry or Zouaves, 8th Massachusetts Infantry, Company J (See the Three Months Volunteers, Department of Washington). The Albany Burgess Corps, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company R, arrived at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 5 AM on 6 May, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 2.30 PM on 7 May, 1861. The company was accompanied by a detachment of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., in the evening on 7 May, 1861 (See the 71st New York State Militia Infantry).

Note: The Albany Burgess Corps, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company R, under the command of Captain H Kingsley, was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C., dated 4 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., 22 May, 1861: Major General C W Sandford, New York Volunteers, was ordered to assume immediate command of all the regiments of his State within the District of Columbia, and to report directly to general headquarters by Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 22 May, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, & Alexandria, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 2 AM on 24 May, 1861, and arrived at Prospect Hill, near the Toll Gate on the Columbia Turnpike, at 4 AM the same day (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Note: The 25th New York State Militia Infantry was assigned to build Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill, near the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, on 24 May, 1861, and was named after Albany, Albany County, New York, by Colonel M K Bryan, 25th New York State Militia Infantry (See the United States Corps Engineers).

General Orders No.1, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, 28 May, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry, the 12th New York State Militia Infantry, the 25th New York State Militia Infantry and other troops or detachments in his vicinity were assigned to Colonel S P Heintzelman, 17th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.1, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.5, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria, County, Virginia, 3 June, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry, the 8th New York State Militia Infantry, and 25th New York State Militia Infantry were temporarily assigned to Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, by Special Orders No.5, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria, County, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861.

Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill, near the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia Infantry was stationed at Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill, near the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Albany, Albany County, New York, 4 August, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia Infantry arrived at Park Barracks, Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, at 6 AM on 28 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Hudon River Railroad to Albany, Albany County, New York, at 10 AM the same day. The regiment arrived at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 28 July, 1861, and was mustered out on 4 August, 1861.

Remustered, Albany, Albany County, New York, 31 May, 1862: Six companies of the 25th New York State Militia Infantry were mustered in United States service for three months at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 31 May, 1862, and was mustered out on 8 September, 1862.

Reserves, defenses of Washington, D. C.: The 25th New York State Militia Infantry was assigned to the defenses of Washington, D. C., under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, during and immediately after the first battle of Bull Run.