The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Unassigned

Colonel E J Riley, 40th New York Infantry

Colonel E J Riley, 40th New York Infantry

Fortieth New York Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three years 14, 21, 26 and 27 June, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 6 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL E J RILEY
J S Cocks was appointed colonel, 40th New York Infantry, on 14 June, 1861, and was discharged on 29 June, 1861. Colonel J S Cocks was not commissioned on 14 June, 1861, and E J Riley was appointed colonel, 40th New York Infantry, on 1 August, 1861, dated 14 June, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL W EGAN
W Egan was appointed lieutenant colonel, 40th New York Infantry, on 15 August, 1861, dated 14 June, 1861.

MAJOR R F HALSTEAD
R F Halstead was appointed major, 40th New York Infantry, on 15 August, 1861, dated 14 June, 1861.

Company A: CAPT. M N CROFTS
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 26 May, 1861, and M N Crofts was appointed captain, 40th New York Infantry, Company A, on 15 August, 1861, dated 21 June, 1861. Captain M N Crofts, 40th New York Infantry, Company A, resigned on 28 November, 1861. The company was disbanded and the men assigned to other companies of the 40th New York Infantry on 25 May, 1863.
Company B Newburyport National Guard: CAPT. J P L WESTCOTT
The company was accepted in state service at Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, in May 1861 and arrived by the Stonington & Providence Railroad at Stonington, New London County, Connecticut, at 10 PM on 11 June, 1861. The company arrived by the steamer Plymouth Rock at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, in the morning on 12 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Champion to Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, at 9.30 AM the same day. J P L Westcott was appointed captain, 40th New York Infantry, Company B, on 15 August, 1861, dated 14 June, 1861. The company was disbanded and the men assigned to other companies of the 40th New York Infantry on 7 July, 1864.
Company C: CAPT. F T FOSTER
The company was organised at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in May 1861 and F T Foster was appointed captain, 40th New York Infantry, Company C, on 15 August, 1861, dated 14 June, 1861. Captain F T Foster, 40th New York Infantry, Company C, resigned on 28 September, 1861, and the company was redesignated the 40th New York Infantry, Company D, on 7 July, 1864.
Company D: CAPT. N A GESNER
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 26 May, 1861, and N A Gesner was appointed captain, 40th New York Infantry, Company D, on 15 August, 1861, dated 14 June, 1861. The company was redesignated the 40th New York Infantry, Company E, on 7 July, 1864.
Company E (1st): CAPT. H E GOTL(I)EB
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 26 May, 1861, and H E Gotl(i)eb was appointed captain, 40th New York Infantry, Company E, on 15 August, 1861, dated 14 June, 1861.The company was assigned to guard duty at Alexandria, Virginia, during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861. Captain H E Gotl(i)eb, 40th New York Infantry, Company E, was discharged by Special Orders No.299, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 8 November, 1861, dated 4 November, 1861, and the company was disbanded and the men assigned to other companies of the 40th New York Infantry on 25 May, 1863.
Company E (2nd): CAPT. M M Cannon
The company was organised with three years' men of the 38th New York Infantry as the 40th New York Infantry, Company E (2nd), on 23 May, 1863, and First Lieutenant & Adjutant M M Cannon, 40th New York Infantry, was appointed captain, 40th New York Infantry, Company E (2nd), on 3 April, 1863, dated 23 February, 1863 (See the 38th New York Infantry). The company was disbanded and the men assigned to other companies of the 40th New York Infantry on 7 July, 1864.
Company F: CAPT. H UNGERER
The company was accepted in state service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in May 1861, and Captain H Ungerer, 2nd Regiment Infantry, Company C, Washington Guards, was appointed captain, 40th New York Infantry, Company F, on 15 August, 1861, dated 14 June, 1861 (See the 27th Pennsylvania Infantry). The company was redesignated the 40th New York Infantry, Company A, on 7 July, 1864.
Company G Milford Light Infantry: CAPT. P A LINDSAY
The company accepted in state service at Milford, Worcester County, Massachusetts, in May 1861 and arrived by the Stonington & Providence Railroad at Stonington, New London County, Connecticut, at 10 PM on 11 June, 1861. The company arrived by the steamer Plymouth Rock at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, in the morning on 12 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Champion to Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, at 9.30 AM the same day. P A Lindsay was appointed captain, 40th New York Infantry, Company G, on 15 August, 1861, dated 21 June, 1861, and the company was assigned to guard duty at Alexandria, Virginia, during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861. The company was disbanded and the men assigned to other companies of the 40th New York Infantry on 7 July, 1864.
Company H Union Guards: CAPT. A S INGALLS
The company was accepted in state service at Arlington, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, on 7 May, 1861, and arrived by the Stonington & Providence Railroad at Stonington, New London County, Connecticut, at 10 PM on 11 June, 1861. The company arrived by the steamer Plymouth Rock at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, in the morning on 12 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Champion to Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, at 9.30 AM the same day. A D Ingalls was appointed captain, 40th New York Infantry, Company HG, on 15 August, 1861, dated 27 June, 1861, and the company was disbanded and the men assigned to other companies of the 40th New York Infantry on 25 May, 1863.
Company I (1st): CAPT. J C BURKE
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 26 May, 1861, and J C Burke was appointed captain, 40th New York Infantry, Company I (1st), on 15 August, 1861, dated 26 June, 1861. Captain J C Burke, 40th New York Infantry, Company I (1st), was discharged by Special Orders No.299, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 8 November, 1861, dated 4 November, 1861, and the company was disbanded and the men assigned to other companies of the 40th New York Infantry on 25 May, 1863.
Company I (2nd): CAPT. G Woodward
The company was organised with three years' men of the 37th New York Infantry as the 40th New York Infantry, Company I (2nd), on 25 May, 1863, and First Lieutenant G Woodward, 40th New York Infantry, Company D, was appointed captain, 40th New York Infantry, Company I (2nd), on 2 December, 1861, dated 4 November, 1861 (See the 37th New York Infantry). Captain G Woodward, 40th New York Infantry, Company D, was assigned to the 40th New York Infantry, Company I (1st), on 15 November, 1861, and was redesignated the 40th New York Infantry, Company F, on 7 July, 1864.
Company K: CAPT. W O'SULLIVAN, JR.
The company was accepted in state service at Lawrence, Essex County, Massachusetts, in April 1861 and arrived at Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, on 26 June, 1861. W O'Sullivan, Jr., was appointed captain, 40th New York Infantry, Company K, on 15 August, 1861, dated 27 June, 1861. The company was disbanded and the men assigned to other companies of the 40th New York Infantry on 25 May, 1863.

Sources

"This fine regiment arrived here at 10 o'clock this morning, and marched to quarters in several buildings on the south side of the Pa. avenue, between Four-and-a-half and Sixth sts. They number over 1,000 men, and are uniformed in dark jackets and pants similar to the New York Ninth Regiment."

The Evening Star, 6 July, 1861 - Arrival of the New York Mozart Regiment

"Upon arriving at the deserted city, we disembarked and marched about one mile beyond the city, past the Marshall House were Col. Ellsworth was killed, and encamped on the ground recently abandoned by the 5th Penn. Regiment, which had advanced with the army to Manassas."

"They were made of dark blue cloth, with red facings and trimmings and large gilt buttons. The jacket, trousers, and cap were made of the same material and all trimmed with the same colour. The officers' uniform conformed strictly to the armu regulations."

"At first, the Mozart jacket felt strange to us, for the Arlington coat was double-breasted frock, the skirts of which reached nearly to the knees, while the Mozart jacket ended at the waist, just below the belt."

"We moved immediately in light marching order, except companies E and G, which were detailed for guard duty in Alexandria. We marched to the city, then to the Orange & Alexandria railroad station, distant about one mile, where a train was waiting for us. We embarked and started without delay in the direction of Bull Run. We heard the distant roar of the cannon, and of course concluded that was our destination. We loaded our muskets on the train, and made all the necessary preparations for meeting the enemy. We proceeded, however, about fifteen miles only, or almost to Fairfax Court House, and there ascertained that we were to guard the railroad and telegraph. We were picketed along the railroad, two men being left at the several posts, which were about three rods apart."

History of the Fortieth, Mozart, Regiment, New York Volunteers, which was composed of four companies from New York, four companies from Massachusetts and two companies from Pennsylvania, by Sergeant Frederick C Floyd

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 3, by Frederick Phisterer

Notes

The 40th New York Infantry was accepted in state service for three years on 26 May, 1861, and was ordered to Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, on 1 June, 1861.

Note: The 40th New York Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, under the call for 42,034 troops to serve three years by President A Lincoln on 3 May, 1861.

Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, to Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, Company B, 31 May-1 June, 1861: The Newburyport National Guard was ordered to proceed by the Newbury Railroad to Manhattan (New York), New York City, New York, on 31 May, 1861, and arrived by the Stonington & Providence Railroad at Stonington, New London County, Connecticut, via Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, the same day. The company arrived at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, in the morning on 1 June, 1861. The Newburyport National Guard was ordered to the Arsenal, on Cranberry Street, Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, the same day.

Milford, Worcester County, Massachusetts, to Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, Company G, 31 May-1 June, 1861: The Milford Light Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Milford Railroad to Manhattan (New York), New York City, New York, on 31 May, 1861, and arrived by the New York & Harlem Railroad in the morning on 1 June, 1861. The company was ordered to the Arsenal, on Cranberry Street, Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, the same day.

Arlington, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, to Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, Company H, 31 May-1 June, 1861: The Union Guards was ordered to rendezvous at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, at 2 PM on 31 May, 1861, and proceeded by the Boston & New York Central Railroad to Manhattan (New York), New York City, New York at 6 PM the same day. The company arrived by the New York & Harlem Railroad at Manhattan (New York), New York City, New York, in the morning on 1 June, 1861, and was ordered to the Arsenal, on Cranberry Street, Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, the same day.

Note: The Newburyport National Guard, the Milford Light Infantry, and the Union Guards were ordered to Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 31 May, 1861, but were not assigned to the 67th New York Infantry, under the command of Colonel J Adams, and were ordered to Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, in the evening on 4 June, 1861.

Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, to Fort Warren, Georges Island, Boston Harbour, Companies B, G, & H, 4-5 June, 1861: The Newburyport National Guard, the Milford Light Infantry, and the Union Guards were ordered to Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, in the evening on 4 June, 1861, and arrived at 7 AM on 5 June, 1861. Detachments of the Newburyport National Guard, the Milford Light Infantry, and the Union Guards were ordered to proceed by the steamer Nellie Baker to Fort Warren, Georges Island, Boston Harbour, on 5 June, 1861.

Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, to Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, Companies B, G, & H, 11-12 June, 1861: The Newburyport National Guard, the Milford Light Infantry, and the Union Guards were ordered to rendezvous at Salignac's Armory, on Sudbury Street, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, in the morning on 11 June, 1861, and proceeded by the Boston & Providence Railroad to Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, at 5 PM the same day. The companies were accompanied by the Milford Brass Band and arrived by the Stonington & Providence Railroad at Stonington, New London County, Connecticut, at 10 PM on 11 June, 1861. The Newburyport National Guard, the Milford Light Infantry, and the Union Guards arrived by the steamer Plymouth Rock at New York City, New York, in the morning on 12 June, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the steamer Champion to Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, at 9.30 AM the same day.

Lawrence, Essex County, Massachusetts, to Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, Company K, 26 June, 1861: Captain W O'Sullivan, Jr.'s Company arrived at Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, on 26 June, 1861.

Mustered in three years, Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, 14, 21, 26, & 27 June, 1861: The 40th New York Infantry, Companies B, C, D, E, and F, were mustered in United States service for three years at Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, by Captain M Cogswell, 8th United States Infantry, Company E, on 14 June, 1861; Companies A and G on 21 June, 1861; I on 26 June, 1861, and Companies H and K on 27 June, 1861. The 40th New York Infantry arrived at Camp Wood, on the Hudson River, near Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, on 24 June, 1861.

Note: Colonel E J Riley, Lieutenant Colonel W Egan, and Major R F Halstead, 40th New York Infantry, were mustered in United States service at Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, on 1 July, 1861.

Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, to Washington, D. C., 4-6 July, 1861: The 40th New York Infantry was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 2 PM on 4 July, 1861, and arrived by the steamer Red Jacket at Elizabethport, Union County, New Jersey, at 5 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the New Jersey Central Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the evening on 4 July, 1861, and arrived by the Lebanon Valley Railroad via Easton, Northampton County, and Reading, Berks County, Pennsylvania, on 5 July, 1861. The 40th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Baltimore City, Maryland, the same day and arrived at Baltimore City, Maryland, in the morning on 6 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Washington, D. C., the same day and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, between 10 and 11 AM on 6 July, 1861.

Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., 6 July, 1861: The 40th New York Infantry was stationed on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., on 6 July, 1861.

Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, to Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street, D. C., 7 July, 1861: The 40th New York Infantry was ordered to Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street, D. C., at 5 AM on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Scott, near Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street, D. C., the same day.

Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street, D. C., to Alexandria, Virginia, 20 July, 1861: The 40th New York Infantry was ordered by steamer across the Potomac River at Sixth Street Wharf, Washington, D. C., at 4 AM on 20 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp McDowell, on Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 40th New York Infantry, Companies E and G, were assigned to guard duty at Alexandria, Virginia, by Brigadier General T Runyon on 20 July, 1861, and Companies A, B, C, D, F, H, I, and K were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, to guard the Orange & Alexandria Railroad and telegraph at 3 PM on 21 July, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the 40th New York Infantry was ordered to Alexandria, Virginia, at 10 PM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived Camp McDowell, on Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, Virginia, at 4 PM on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 40th New York Infantry, Company H, was assigned to guard duty at Alexandria, Virginia, at 4 PM on 22 July, 1861, and Company E was ordered to Camp McDowell, Shuter's Hill, Virginia, the same day.

Mustered out, Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, 27 June, 1865: The 40th New York Infantry was consolidated as Companies B, C, D, F, and G and three years' men of the 38th New York Infantry and the 37th New York Infantry were assigned as the 40th New York Infantry, Companies E (2nd) and I (2nd), respectively, on 25 May, 1863. The 40th New York Infantry was consolidated as Companies A, D, and E, under the command of Colonel M M Cannon, on 7 July, 1864, and was mustered out at Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 27 June, 1865.

Reserves, defenses of Washington, D. C.: The 40th New York Infantry was assigned to the defenses of Washington, D. C., under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, during and immediately after the first battle of Bull Run.

Note: The 40th New York Infantry was assigned to Colonel J Sedgwick's brigade, Division of the Potomac, on 12 August, 1861.