The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Third Division

Fifth Pennsylvania Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three months 20 and 21 April, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 27 April, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL R P MCDOWELL

LIEUTENANT COLONEL B C CHRIST

MAJOR R B PETRIKEN

Company A State Guards: CAPT. G W DAWSON
The company was accepted in state service at Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861.
Company B Turner Rifles: CAPT. H AMLUNG
The company was accepted in state service at Pittsburg, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the evening on 19 April, 1861.
Company C Columbian Infantry: CAPT. J BRENNAN
The company was accepted in state service at Glen Carbon, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861.
Company D Standing Stone Guard: CAPT. B F MILLER
The company was accepted in state service at Huntingdon, Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 20 April, 1861. The company arrived at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 21 April, 1861.
Company E Minersville Artillerists: CAPT. W HOWER
The company was accepted in state service at Minersville, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861.
Company F Scotts Artillery: CAPT. F B MEDLER
The company was accepted in state service at Schuylkill Haven, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861.
Company G Lebanon Guards: CAPT. J ULRICH
The company was accepted in state service at Lebanon, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861.
Company H Union Light Infantry: CAPT. F M COOLEY
The company was accepted in state service at Reading, Berks County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861.
Company I Ringgold Rifles: CAPT. G J LAWRENCE
The company was accepted in state service at Minersville, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861.
Company K United States Zouaves: CAPT. G SieGRIST
The company was accepted in state service at Pittsburg, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the evening on 19 April, 1861.

Sources

"At four o'clock yesterday afternoon the the Fifth Pennsylvania regiment of volunteers , numbering seven hundred and eighty-three men, arrived in this city from Harrisburg."

The Philadelphia Press, 23 April, 1861 - Arrival of the Fifth Pennsylvania regiment

"About five o'clock on Saturday evening, the train arrived bringing in the Ffth Regiment of Pennsylvania and two companies of guards who had been relieved from duty along the line of the road. These men are not uniformed, but are fully armed, and ready to take a turn at fighting on very short notice. They marched to the auguaration ballroom, and took up quarters."

The National Republican, 29 April, 1861 - Arrival of the Fifth Pennsylvania Regiment

"Several companies of the fourth and fifth Pennsylvania regiments proceeded out to their place of encampment, near Glenwood cemetery, yesterday afternoon."

The National Republican, 23 May, 1861 - Gone into camp

"The garrison at Alexandria now consists as follows: Michigan First, Col. Willcox, 780 men; New York Fire Zouaves, Lieut. Colonel Farnham, 1,157 men; Massachusetts Fifth, Col. Lawrence, 880 men; Pennsylvania Fifth, Col. McDowell, 1,014 men; Captain Rickett's Light Battery, (regulars) six pieces, 100 men; company E, second cavalry, Lieut. Sweet commanding, 76 men - total 3,901."

The Evening Star, 4 June, 1861 - Troops stationed at Alexandria, Virginia

"The Fifth regiment was transferred to the Brigade commanded by Colonel W. B. Franklin, previous to the advance of the army upon the enemy at Bull Run, but was ordered to remain on duty at Alexandria. Consequently it did not participate in the battle which ensued, and which resulted so disastrously to our arms."

History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers 1861-5, prepared in complience with acts of the legislation, Volume 1, by Samuel P Bates

"Upon arriving at the deserted city, past the Marshall House where Colonel Ellsworth was killed, and encamped on the ground recently abandoned by the 5th Pennsylvania Regiment, which had advanced with the army to Manassas."

History of the Fortieth, Mozart, Regiment, New York Volunteers, which was composed of four companies from New York, four companies from Massachusetts and two companies from Pennsylvania, by Sergeant Frederick C Floyd

"Assigned to Gen. McDowell's brigade, the regiment performed guard duty at Alexandria til the return to Harrisburg for muster out, which took place on July 25."

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 1, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Delaware

Notes

The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Camp Curtin, the Dauphin County Agricultural Society, near Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 20 April, 1861, and was stationed at

Note: The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 20 & 21 April, 1861: The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, F, G, H, and K, were mustered in United States service for three months at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, by Captain S G Simmons, 7th United States Infantry, Company H, on 20 April, 1861, and Companies D and I on 21 April, 1861.

Harrisburg, Dauphin County, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 21-22 April, 1861: The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry (780) was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Baltimore City, Maryland, in the evening on 21 April, 1861, but the ordered was countermanded and proceeded by the Harrisburg & Lancaster Railroad to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 22 April, 1861. The regiment arrived by the Pennsylvania Railroad at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 4 PM the same day and was ordered to the steamer Ericsson on the Delaware River at 7 PM the same day.

Note: The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry was stationed at the Baltimore Railroad Depot, on Broad and Prime Streets, at 7 PM on 22 April, 1861.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Perryville, Cecil County, Maryland, 23 April, 1861: Eight companies of the 5th Pennsylvania Infantry were ordered to proceed by the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad to Perryville, Cecil County, Maryland, in the morning on 23 April, 1861.

Note: Two companies of the 5th Pennsylvania Infantry were ordered to guard steamers on the Delaware & Chesapeake Canal to Perryville, Cecil County, Maryland, in the evening on 22 April, 1861.

Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 23-27 April, 1861: The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to proceed by three steamers to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the evening on 23 April, 1861, and procceded to Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, in the morning on 26 April, 1861. The regiment arrived at Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, in the evening the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Washington, D. C., on 27 April, 1861. The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry arrived at Washington, D. C., at 5 PM the same day.

Inauguration Ballroom, adjoining City Hall, north end of Four & a Half Street, Washington, D. C., 27 April, 1861: The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry was stationed at the Inauguration Ballroom, adjoining City Hall, north end of Four and a Half Street, Washington, D. C., on 27 April, 1861.

Inauguration Ballroom, adjoining City Hall, north end of Four & a Half Street, Washington, to Glenwood Cemetery, west of North Capitol Street, D. C, 29 April, 1861: The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to Glenwood Cemetery, west of North Capitol Street, D. C, on 29 April, 1861, and arrived at Camp Washington, near Glenwood Cemetery, west of North Capitol Street, D. C, the same day.

Abstract from returns of the volunteer troops in the Department of Washington, Colonel J F K Mansfield, United States Army, commanding, 30 April, 1861: The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry was stationed at the Inauguration Ballroom, near City Hall, Washington, D. C., on 30 April, 1861.

Glenwood Cemetery, west of North Capitol Street, D. C, to Alexandria, Virginia, 28 May, 1861: The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered by steamer across the Potomac River to Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and arrived at King Street Wharf, Alexandria, Virginia, the same day.

Fort Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, Virginia, 3 June, 1861: The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to Fort Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861.

Troops stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, 4 June, 1861: 1st Michigan Infantry, Colonel O B Willcox (See the 1st Michigan Infantry); 11th New York Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel N Farnham (See the 11th New York Infantry); 5th Massachusetts Infantry, Colonel S C Lawrence (See the 5th Massachusetts Infantry); 5th Pennsylvania Infantry, Colonel R P McDowell; 1st United States Artillery, Light Company I, First Lieutenant D Ramsay (See the 1st United States Artillery, Light Company I); 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K (See the United States Battalion Cavalry)

Fort Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, to Alexandria, Virginia, 13 June & 21 July, 1861: The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry was assigned to garrison duty at Alexandria, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861, and was stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861.

Note: A detachment of the 5th Pennsylvania Infantry was assigned as provost guard at Alexandria, Virginia, in June 1861 and detachments were assigned to build Fort Ellsworth, Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

Mustered out, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 25 July, 1861: The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry was mustered out at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 25 July, 1861.

Reserves, defenses of Washington, D. C.: The 5th Pennsylvania Infantry was assigned to the defenses of Washington, D. C., under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, during and immediately afterthe first battle of Bull Run.

Colonel W B Franklin, First Brigade, Third Division, McDowell's Army: Captain W B Franklin, United States Corps Topographical Engineers, was promoted to colonel, 12th United States Infantry, on 14 May, 1861, and was temporarily assigned to the post at New York. Colonel W B Franklin arrived at Albany, New York, on 1 June, 1861, and was assigned to duty organising the departure of New York regiments. Colonel W B Franklin was ordered to return to Washington, D. C., at the end of June, 1861, and assume command of the First Brigade, Third Division, McDowell's Army, as acting brigadier general of volunteers.