The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Unassigned

Private D H Sheldon, 21st New York Infantry, Company D

Private D H Sheldon, 21st New York Infantry, Company D

Twenty-first New York Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three months 20 May, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 19 June, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Bull Run. Remustered for two years 20 August, 1861

COLONEL W F ROGERS
Captain W F Rogers, 21st New York Infantry, Company C, was appointed colonel, 21st New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 15 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL A R ROOT
A R Root was appointed lieutenant colonel, 21st New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 15 May, 1861.

MAJOR W H DREW
Captain W H Drew, 21st New York Infantry, Company A, was appointed major, 21st New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 15 May, 1861.

Company A: CAPT. R P GARDNER
The company was accepted in state service at Buffalo, Erie County, New York, under the command of Captain W H Drew, on 1 May, 1861, and Captain W H Drew was appointed major, 21st New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 15 may, 1861. First Lieutenant R P Gardner, 21st New York Infantry, Company A, was appointed captain, 21st New York Infantry, Company A, on 4 July, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. H M GAYLORD
The company was accepted in state service at Buffalo, Erie County, New York, on 10 May, 1861, and H M Gaylord was appointed captain, 21st New York Infantry, Company B, on 4 July, 1861, dated 10 May, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. J P WASHBURN
The company was accepted in state service at Buffalo, Erie County, New York, under the command of Captain W F Rogers, on 9 May, 1861, and Captain W F Rogers was appointed colonel, 21st New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 15 May, 1861. First Lieutenant J P Washburn, 21st New York Infantry, Company C, was appointed captain, 21st New York Infantry, Company A, on 4 July, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.
Company D: CAPT. W C ALBERGER
The company was accepted in state service at Buffalo, Erie County, New York, on 9 May, 1861, and W C Alberger was appointed captain, 21st New York Infantry, Company D, on 4 July, 1861, dated 9 May, 1861.
Company E Wilkeson Guards: CAPT. J C STRONG
The company was accepted in state service at Buffalo, Erie County, New York, on 7 May, 1861, and J C Strong was appointed captain, 21st New York Infantry, Company E, on 4 July, 1861, dated 7 May, 1861. The company was assigned to garrison duty at Fort Jackson, near Jackson City, Washington, D. C., on 14 July, 1861.
Company F: CAPT. G D W CLINTON
The company was accepted in state service at Buffalo, Erie County, New York, on 7 May, 1861, and J C Strong was appointed captain, 21st New York Infantry, Company F, on 4 July, 1861, dated 7 May, 1861.
Company G: CAPT. E L LEE
The company was accepted in state service at Buffalo, Erie County, New York, on 9 May, 1861, and E L Lee was appointed captain, 21st New York Infantry, Company G, on 4 July, 1861, dated 9 May, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. E L HAYWARD
The company was accepted in state service at Buffalo, Erie County, New York, on 1 May, 1861, and E L Hayward was appointed captain, 21st New York Infantry, Company H, on 4 July, 1861, dated 1 May, 1861.
Company I: CAPT. H G THOMAS
The company was accepted in state service at Buffalo, Erie County, New York, on 1 May, 1861, and H G Thomas was appointed captain, 21st New York Infantry, Company I, on 4 July, 1861, dated 1 May, 1861.
Company K: CAPT. J M LAYTON
The company was accepted in state service at Buffalo, Erie County, New York, on 1 May, 1861, and J M Layton was appointed captain, 21st New York Infantry, Company K, on 4 July, 1861, dated 1 May, 1861. The company was assigned to garrison duty at the bastion overlooking the Washington & Alexandria Turnpike on 14 July, 1861.
Drum Corps: Drum Maj. J T Scott
Fife Corps: Fife Maj. J Zreime

Sources

"The Twenty-first (Buffalo) regiment arrived here yesterday afternoon from Elmira, where they have been garrisoned. This regiment numbers 780 men, nearly all young and vigourous. They dress in grey jacket and pants, and wear fatigue caps of the same hue."

The Evening Star, 7 May, 1861 - More troops

"The Twenty-first New York Regiment, Col. Rogers, which crossed the Long Bridge yesterday evening, is now encamped in the fort."

Evening Star, 15 July, 1861 - Fort Runyon

"Two more large bastioned earthworks were thrown up to guard the approaches to the Long Bridge. With a perimeter of 1484 yards, Fort Runyon was established at the northern end of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, while the much smaller Fort Albany, with a perimeter of 429 yards and emplacements for 12 guns, was placed about a mile farther down the Columbia Turnpike."

American Civil War fortifications No.2: Land and field fortifications, byRon Field and illustrated by Peter Dennis

"On the 21st of May the regiment received the handsome uniform originally intended for the 74th Regiment, N Y N G. It consisted of cap, jacket and pants of grey cloth, trimmed with black, and an overcoat of a bluish black, lined with red."

"These are the same commenced by the Seventh New York, and nearly completed by Runyon's New Jersey Volunteers. On the south and west they rise to quite a commanding height, and altogether cover an area of about twelve acres. They are mounted with heavy cannon, pricipally thirty-two and sixty-four pound pieces, om barbette carriages, one fine rifled piece of the former calibre commanding the approach from Aleandria."

"For more than a week we had been drilled at these, under Capt. Seymour, of Fort Sumter fame, and we felt that it would be a glorious privilege to check the insolent Beauregard, and teach him his limits."

Chronicles of the Twenty-first Regiment New York State Volunteers, embracing a full history of the regiment from the enrolling of the first volunteer in Buffalo, 15 April, 1861, to the final mustering out, 18 May, 1863, including a copy of muster out rolls of field and staff, and each company, by J Harrison Mills

"Fort Runyon, at the forks of the Alexandria and Fairfax roads (end of Long Bridge), one 30-pounder Parrott rifled gun, eight 8-inch seacoast howitzers, ten 32-pounders, and four 6-pounder field guns. Garrison – Colonel Rogers' Twenty-first New York; artillery officer in charge, Captain T. Seymour, Fifth Artillery."

New York State Military Museum and Veterans Research Centre, N.Y.S. Division of Military and Naval Affairs, New York State Digital Library

"Some time after the regiment arrived at Washington, D C, Col Rogers was ordered to take command of Fort Runyon, which was a little less than a mile south of the Long Bridge. Here the regiment remained until after the first battle of Bull Run."

Biographical sketch of James Clark Strong, by J C Strong

"The fort was named in honor Brigadier General Theodore Runyon, whose New Jersey Brigade helped build the forts. Fort Runyon was the largest fort in the Defenses of Washington D. C., covering twelve acres of land with a perimeter of 1484 yards. It was built on the land of James Roach. Construction of the fort began on the morning of 24 May, 1861, under the supervision of Captain Barton S Alexander and was completed in about seven weeks. Fort Runyon guarded Long Bridge and the important junction of the Washington-Alexandria and Columbia turnpikes."

Mr Lincoln's Forts: A Guide to the Civil War Defenses of Washington D. C., New Edition, by Benjamin F Cooling II and Walton H Owen II

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 3, by Frederick Phisterer

Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, Eighty-ninth session, 1866, Volume 4, Nos. 61 to 85 inclusive, by New York Legislature Assembly

Notes

The 21st New York Infantry was accepted in state service for two years on 13 May, 1861, and was ordered to the Racecourse, near Elmira, Chemung County, New York, on 14 May, 1861.

Note: The 21st New York Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Elmira, Chemung County, New York, under the call for 42,034 troops to serve three years by President A Lincoln on 3 May, 1861.

Buffalo, Erie County, to Elmira, Chemung County, New York, 3 & 11 May, 1861: The 21st New York Infantry, Companies A, H, I, and K, were accepted in state service at Buffalo, Erie County, New York, on 1 May, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the New York & Erie Railroad, to Elmira, Chemung County, New York, on 3 May, 1861. Companies E and F were accepted in state service at Buffalo, Erie County, New York, on 7 May, 1861; Companies C, D, and G, on 9 May, 1861; and Company B on 10 May, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the New York & Erie Railroad, to Elmira, Chemung County, New York, at 4 PM on 11 May, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Elmira, Chemung County, New York, 20 May, 1861: The 21st New York Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Elmira, Chemung County, New York, by Captain W L Elliott, United States Mounted Riflemen, on 20 May, 1861.

Elmira, Chemung County, New York, to Washington, D. C., 18-19 June, 1861: The 21st New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Williamsport & Elmira Railroad to Washington, D. C., 12 PM on 18 June, 1861, and arrived by the Northern Central Railroad at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, via Williamsport, Lycoming County, and Sunbury, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, the same day. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Baltimore City, Maryland, on 19 June, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Annaplois Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 2 PM on the same day.

Union House, on Pennsylvania Avenue, near Sixth Street, Washington, D. C., 19 June, 1861: The 21st New York Infantry was stationed at Union House, on Pennsylvania Avenue, near Sixth Street, Washington, D. C., on 19 June, 1861.

Union House, on Pennsylvania Avenue, near Sixth Street, Washington, to Kalorama, near Lyons' Mill, on Rock Creek, D. C., 20 June, 1861: The 21st New York Infantry arrived at Camp Kalorama, Kalorama, near Lyons' Mill, on Rock Creek, D. C., on 20 June, 1861.

Kalorama, near Lyons' Mill, on Rock Creek, D. C., to Fort Runyon, near Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, 14 July, 1861: The 21st New York Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington D. C., in the evening on 14 July, 1861, and was assigned to garrison duty as heavy artillery at Fort Runyon, near Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the command of Brevet Major T Seymour, 5th United States Artillery, the same day.

Fort Runyon, near Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, 14-21 July, 1861: The 21st New York Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, F, G, H, and I, were assigned to garrison duty at Fort Runyon, near Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia; Company E to garrison duty at Fort Jackson, near Jackson City, Alexandria County, Virginia; and Company K to a bastion on the Washington & Alexandria Turnpike between 14 and 21 July, 1861.

Arlington Mills, Alexandria County, & Baily's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, Companies C and D, 22-23 July, 1861: The 21st New York Infantry, Companies C and D, were ordered to Arlington Mills, Alexandria County, and Baily's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, respectively, on 22 July, 1861, and Company D was ordered to Arlington Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 23 July, 1861. A section of the 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company A, under the command of Captain A S Webb, arrived at Arlington Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, and the 21st New York Infantry, Companies C and D, were ordered to Fort Runyon, near Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day (See the 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company A).

Note: The 24th New York Infantry was assigned to guard duty at Arlington Mills, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861 (See the Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Remustered, 2 August, 1861: The 21st New York Infantry was remustered in United States service for the unexpired portion of its term of state service on 2 August, 1861.

Mustered out, Buffalo, Erie County, New York, 18 May, 1863: The 21st New York Infantry, under the command of Colonel W F Rogers, was mustered out at Buffalo, Erie County, New York, on 18 May, 1863.

Reserves, defenses of Washington, D. C.: The 21st New York Infantry was assigned to the defenses of Washington, D. C., under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, during and immediately after the first battle of Bull Run.

Note: The 21st New York Infantry was assigned to garrison duty at Fort Runyon, near Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General I McDowell, United States Army, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 4 August, 1861.