The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Unassigned

Twenty-eighth New York State Militia Infantry

Arrived at Washington, D. C., 5 May, 1861. Mustered in United States service for three months 11 May, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL M P BENNETT
M P Bennett was appointed colonel, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, on 17 October, 1859, and was thrown from a wagon and received severe injuries at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, between 19 and 29 April, 1861. Colonel M P Bennett was unable to proceed to Washington, D. C., on 30 April, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL E BURNS
E Burns was appointed lieutenant colonel, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, on 5 December, 1856, and was assigned to command the 28th New York State Militia Infantry on 30 April, 1861.

MAJOR W R BREWSTER

Company A: CAPT. L G T BRUER
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and L G T Bruer was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company A, on 17 July, 1856.
Company B: CAPT. J BECKER
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and J Becker was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company B, on 14 February, 1860.
Company C: CAPT. J CAMPBELL
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and J Campbell was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company C, on 28 May, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861.
Company D: CAPT. C BRANDENBURG
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and C Brandenburg was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company D, on 11 February, 1861.
Company E: CAPT. A P BEADLE
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and P Beadle was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company E, on 10 December, 1860.
Company F: CAPT. A SCHEPPER
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and A Schepper was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company F, on 2 June, 1848.
Company G: CAPT. J RUEGER
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and J Rueger was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company G, on 2 October, 1859.
Company H: CAPT. H WILLIS
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and H Willis was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company H, on 16 January, 1856.
Company R: CAPT. C KIEHL
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and C Kiehl was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company R, on 26 May, 1852.
Company L: CAPT. J WEBER
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and J Weber was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company L, on 26 January, 1861.
Corps Engineers: CAPT. V KAMEKE

Sources

"New York, April 30. Steamer Star of the South has the Twenty-eighth Regiment on board, and will sail in the morning. The Columbia sails tomorrow with the Second Regiment. The Harriet Lane will convoy them."

Boston Evening Transcript, 30 April, 1861 - New York

"This morning the Twenty-eighth Regiment of Brooklyn, Lieutenant Colonel Burns commanding, left this city for Washington."

The New York Evening Post, 30 April, 1861 - Departure of the Twenty-eighth Regiment

"About 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon, the steamer Star of the South came up the river to the Arsenal, having on board the Twenty-eighth (N. Y.) Regiment, numbering over six hundred men. This fine regiment is uniformed with grey jackets and pantaloons, much like the Seventh Regiment, but a deeper colour. They wear the low covered Turner hat, and are armed with the rifled Minie musket."

The Evening Star, 6 May, 1861 - The Brooklyn boys arrive

"The following positions, as nearly as we can learn, are occupied by the northern troops in and around Washington: The 5th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Schwarzwealder, 1,100 men, is quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pinckney, 850 men, is quartered in the City of Washington and at Annapolis. The 7th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lefferts, 1,300 men, is encamped on Prospect Hill, a mile from the White House. The 8th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lyons, 960 men, occupy the Relay House, and a detachment is also stationed at Annapolis. The 12th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Butterfield, 950 men, is quartered in the City. The 13th Regiment N.Y.S.M. (Brooklyn), Colonel Smith, 1,100 men, is stationed at Annapolis. The 20th Regiment (Ulster) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pratt, 800 men, is stationed in Washington. The 25th Regiment (Albany) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Bryan, 800 men, is quartered in Washington. The 28th Regiment (Brooklyn) N.Y.S.M., Colonel M. Bennett, 550 men, is quartered in Washington. The 69th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Corcoran, 1,100 men, is quartered on Georgetown Heights, near the college. The 71st Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Vosburgh, 1,100 men, occupy the Navy yard. They also have control of three boats on the river, manned with 75 men each. The Alexandria bridge is also in charge of the 71st, 150 men stationed on the bridge with three pieces of ordnance. The 1st Regiment Firemen Zouaves (Volunteers), Colonel E. E. Ellsworth, 1,015 men, will soon be encamped on Georgetown Heights. They have been quartered in the Capital. Governor Sprague's Rhode Islanders, Colonel Burnside, 1,100 men, are quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment Massachusetts occupies the Relay House, nine miles from Baltimore. The 8th Massachusetts Regiment is quartered in Washington. A Regiment of pennsylvania troops is stationed at the Relay House with the Massachusetts 6th and New York 8th, while the remainder is stationed in Washington. The 4th New jersey Regiment has gone into encampment on Merdian Hill, near the camp of the New York 7th. About 2,700 New Jersey soldiers are quartered in Washington."

The Belmont Chronicle (St Clairsville, Belmont County, Ohio), 16 May, 1861 - Positions of Northern troops in the South

"The following regiments compose Col. Sherman's command - Sixty-ninth New York militia, Col. Corcoran; Thirteenth New York volunteers, Col. Quinby; Twenty-eighth New York militia, Col. Bennett; Company B, Second United States cavalry, Lieut. Tompkins; Second Wisconsin volunteers (just attached), Col. Coon."

"The new fort building by United States employer on the right of Fort Corcoran, has been named Fort Bennett, in honor of the colonel commanding the Twenty-eighth New York regiment, who is to occupy the same and log houses ajoining the aqueduct bridge."

The New York Herald, 10 July, 1861 - Camp Licoln, N.E. Va., 4 July, 1861

"At 11 o'clock the last farewell was said; the regiment formed, about eight hundred men, and, headed by Meyer's band and a corps of drummers and fifers, marched through Myrtle avenue and Fulton street to Fulton ferry, where they embarked on board the ferry boat Nassau, and were taken direct to the steamer Star of the South, then lying in the North river."

Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, Eighty-ninth session, 1866, Volume 4, Nos. 61 to 85 inclusive, by New York Legislature Assembly

"The other regiment, the Twenty-eighth New York, Colonel Bennett, was destined to be left behind in charge of the forts and camps during our absence, which was expected to be short."

Personal memoirs of General W. T. Sherman, Volume 1, by William Tecumseh Sherman

"Linked with this were the outworks called fort Bennett and Haggerty. The former fort had a perimeter of 146 yards and emplacements for five guns, and was designed to bring under fire the slope northwest of Fort Corcoran. The latter possessed a perimeter of 128 yards with emplacements for four guns, and was built to protect the slope south of Fort Corcoran."

American Civil War fortifications No.2: Land and field fortifications, by Ron Field and illustrated by Peter Dennis

"The officers of this regiment are as follows: Col. Bennett, (who will remain at home until he recovers from severe injuries received by being thrown from a wagon:) Lieut.-Col. Burns, commanding; Surgeon, Rice."

The Rebellion Record: A diary of American events with documents, narratives, illustrative incidents, poetry etc, with twelve portraits of steel, and various maps and diagrams, First Volume, edited by Frank Moore, author of "Diary of American Revolution"

"The fort was named in honor of Captain (Colonel) Michael P Bennett, 28th New York Infantry (Militia), who supervised the fort's construction."

Mr Lincoln's forts: A guide to the Civil War defenses of Washington D. C., New Edition, by Benjamin F Cooling II and Walton H Owen II

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 1, by Frederick Phisterer

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 2, New York, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio

Notes

The 28th New State Militia Infantry was accepted in state service for three months at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and was stationed at Brooklyn Arsenal, on Portland Avenue, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, between 24 and 30 April, 1861.

Note: The 28th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861.

Brooklyn Arsenal, on Portland Avenue, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, to New York City, New York County, New York, 30 April, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia Infantry (563), under the command of Acting Colonel & Lieutenant Colonel E Burns and Acting Lieutenant Colonel & Major W R Brewster, was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 11 AM on 30 April, 1861, and proceeded by the steamer Nassau on the East River at Fulton Ferry Terminal, on Fulton Street, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, to Pier No.36, on the North or Hudson River, West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, at 11.30 AM the same day.

Note: A detachment of fifty-seven men of the 13th New York State Militia Infantry, Companies B and G, accompanied the 28th New York State Militia Infantry at the corner of Concord and Fulton Streets, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, in the morning on 30 April, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).

New York City, New York County, New York, to Washington, D. C., 30 April-5 May, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia Infantry embarked on the steamer Star of the South on the North or Hudson River at Pier No.36, on West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, to Washington, D. C., in the afternoon on 30 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C., at 3 PM on 5 May, 1861.

Note: The 28th New York State Militia Infantry disembarked at Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C., at 6 PM on 5 May, 1861.

Opposite the National Hotel, on the corner of Pennsylvania Avenue & Sixth Street, Washington, D. C., 5 May, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia Infantry was stationed opposite the National Hotel, on the corner of Pennsylvania Avenue and Sixth Street, Washington, D. C., on 5 May, 1861.

Note: Colonel MP Bennett, 28th New York State Militia Infantry, was thrown from a wagon and received severe injuries in April 1861 and remained at Brooklyn (King County), New York City, New York, on 30 April, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Washington, D. C, 11 May, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C, on 11 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., 22 May, 1861: Major General C W Sandford, New York Volunteers, was ordered to assume immediate command of all the regiments of his State within the District of Columbia, and to report directly to general headquarters by Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 22 May, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, & Alexandria, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: The 28th New State Militia Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Aqueduct Bridge, Georgetown, D. C., at 2 AM on 24 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Crooke, near the Georgetown & Falls Church Road, between Arlington Heights and Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Note: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, under the command of First C H Lieutenant Tompkins, supported by two companies of the 28th New York State Militia Infantry seized a passenger train at the intersection of the Georgetown & Falls Church Road and the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad on 24 May, 1861, and the 28th New State Militia Infantry, Company E, and the 5th New State Militia Infantry, Corps Engineers, under the command of First Lieutenant D C Houston, United States Corps Engineers, destroyed the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad and two bridges in the vicinity the same day (See the United States Corps Engineers).

General Orders No.1, Paragraph IV, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, 28 May, 1861: The 5th New York State Militia Infantry, the 28th New York State Militia Infantry, the 69th New York State Militia Infantry, and other troops or detachments in his vicinity were assigned to Colonel D Hunter, 3rd United States Cavalry, by General Orders No.1, Paragraph IV, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

Note: Colonel M P Bennett, 28th New State Militia Infantry, arrived at Camp Crooke, near the Georgetown & Falls Church Road, between Arlington Heights and Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 25 May, 1861.

Order No.1, Headquarters, Brigade of the Aqueduct, Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 30 May, 1861: The 12th New York State Militia Infantry was assigned to the Aqueduct Brigade, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, 3rd United States Cavalry, by Order No.1, Headquarters, Brigade of the Aqueduct, Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861.

Note: The 5th New York State Militia Infantry, the 28th New York State Militia Infantry, and the 69th New York State Militia Infantry and other troops or detachments in the vicinity not otherwise assigned were assigned to the Aqueduct Brigade, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, 3rd United States Cavalry, by Order No.1, Headquarters, Brigade of the Aqueduct, Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861 (See the 69th New York State Militia Infantry).

Fort Corcoran, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 5 June, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to the rear of Fort Corcoran, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, in the morning on 5 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 13th New York Infantry (See the 13th New York Infantry).

Special Orders No.16, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 30 June, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia Infantry were assigned to Colonel W T Sherman, 13th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.16, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861 (See the Third Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army).

Forts Corcoran, Bennett, & Haggerty, Alexandria County, Virginia, 11 July, 1861: Five companies of the 28th New State Militia Infantry were assigned to garrison duty at Fort Corcoran, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; two companies at Fort Bennett, above Rosslyn, Alexandria County, Virginia; two companies at the blockhouses at Fort Haggerty, opposite Analostan Island, on the Potomac River; and one company at the Aqueduct Bridge and Ferry, Georgetown, D. C., on 11 July, 1861.

Note: The 28th New York State Militia Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel W T Sherman, 13th United States Infantry, on 8 July, 1861 (See the Third Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army).

Forts Corcoran, Bennett, & Haggerty, Alexandria County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: Five companies of the 28th New State Militia Infantry was stationed at Fort Corcoran, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; two companies at Fort Bennett, above Rosslyn, Alexandria County, Virginia; two companies at the blockhouses at Fort Haggerty, opposite Analostan Island, on the Potomac River; and Company F at the Aqueduct Bridge and Ferry, Georgetown, D. C., on 21 July, 1861.

Washington, D. C., Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, 25-28 July, 1861: The 28th New State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, at 2.30 PM on 25 July, 1861, and arrived by steamer on the East River at Fulton Ferry Terminal, on Fulton Street, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, at 2 AM on 28 July, 1861.

Note: The 28th New State Militia Infantry was statoined at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 27 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, 5 August, 1861: The 28th New State Militia Infantry was mustered out at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, on 5 August, 1861.

Reserves, defenses of Washington, D. C., 21 July, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia Infantry was assigned to the defenses of Washington, D. C., under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, during and immediately after the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.