The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Unassigned

Twenty-eighth New York State Militia

Arrived at Washington, D. C., 5 May, 1861. Mustered in United States service for three months 11 May, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL M P BENNETT
M P Bennett was appointed colonel, 25th New York State Militia, on 17 October, 1859, and was thrown from a wagon and received severe injuries at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, between 19 and 29 April, 1861. Colonel M P Bennett was unable to proceed to Washington, D. C., on 30 April, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL E BURNS
E Burns was appointed lieutenant colonel, 25th New York State Militia, on 5 December, 1856, and was assigned to command the 28th New York State Militia on 30 April, 1861.

MAJOR W R BREWSTER

Company A: CAPT. L G T BRUER
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and L G T Bruer was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company A, on 17 July, 1856.
Company B: CAPT. J BECKER
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and J Becker was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company B, on 14 February, 1860.
Company C: CAPT. J CAMPBELL
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and J Campbell was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company C, on 28 May, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861.
Company D: CAPT. C BRANDENBURG
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and C Brandenburg was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company D, on 11 February, 1861.
Company E: CAPT. A P BEADLE
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and P Beadle was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company E, on 10 December, 1860.
Company F: CAPT. A SCHEPPER
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and A Schepper was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company F, on 2 June, 1848.
Company G: CAPT. J RUEGER
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and J Rueger was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company G, on 2 October, 1859.
Company H: CAPT. H WILLIS
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and H Willis was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company H, on 16 January, 1856.
Company R: CAPT. C KIEHL
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and C Kiehl was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company R, on 26 May, 1852.
Company L: CAPT. J WEBER
The company was accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and J Weber was appointed captain, 25th New York State Militia, Company L, on 26 January, 1861.
Corps Engineers: CAPT. V KAMEKE

Sources

"New York, April 30. Steamer Star of the South has the Twenty-eighth Regiment on board, and will sail in the morning. The Columbia sails tomorrow with the Second Regiment. The Harriet Lane will convoy them."

The Boston Evening Transcript, 30 April, 1861 - New York

"This morning the Twenty-eighth Regiment of Brooklyn, Lieutenant Colonel Burns commanding, left this city for Washington."

The New York Evening Post, 30 April, 1861 - Departure of the Twenty-eighth Regiment

"About 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon, the steamer Star of the South came up the river to the Arsenal, having on board the Twenty-eighth (N. Y.) Regiment, numbering over six hundred men. This fine regiment is uniformed with grey jackets and pantaloons, much like the Seventh Regiment, but a deeper colour. They wear the low covered Turner hat, and are armed with the rifled Minie musket."

The Evening Star, 6 May, 1861 - The Brooklyn boys arrive

"The following positions, as nearly as we can learn, are occupied by the northern troops in and around Washington: The 5th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Schwarzwealder, 1,100 men, is quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pinckney, 850 men, is quartered in the City of Washington and at Annapolis. The 7th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lefferts, 1,300 men, is encamped on Prospect Hill, a mile from the White House. The 8th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lyons, 960 men, occupy the Relay House, and a detachment is also stationed at Annapolis. The 12th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Butterfield, 950 men, is quartered in the City. The 13th Regiment N.Y.S.M. (Brooklyn), Colonel Smith, 1,100 men, is stationed at Annapolis. The 20th Regiment (Ulster) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pratt, 800 men, is stationed in Washington. The 25th Regiment (Albany) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Bryan, 800 men, is quartered in Washington. The 28th Regiment (Brooklyn) N.Y.S.M., Colonel M. Bennett, 550 men, is quartered in Washington. The 69th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Corcoran, 1,100 men, is quartered on Georgetown Heights, near the college. The 71st Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Vosburgh, 1,100 men, occupy the Navy yard. They also have control of three boats on the river, manned with 75 men each. The Alexandria bridge is also in charge of the 71st, 150 men stationed on the bridge with three pieces of ordnance. The 1st Regiment Firemen Zouaves (Volunteers), Colonel E. E. Ellsworth, 1,015 men, will soon be encamped on Georgetown Heights. They have been quartered in the Capital. Governor Sprague's Rhode Islanders, Colonel Burnside, 1,100 men, are quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment Massachusetts occupies the Relay House, nine miles from Baltimore. The 8th Massachusetts Regiment is quartered in Washington. A Regiment of pennsylvania troops is stationed at the Relay House with the Massachusetts 6th and New York 8th, while the remainder is stationed in Washington. The 4th New jersey Regiment has gone into encampment on Meridian Hill, near the camp of the New York 7th. About 2,700 New Jersey soldiers are quartered in Washington."

The Belmont Chronicle (St Clairsville, Belmont County, Ohio), 16 May, 1861 - Positions of Northern troops in the South

"The following regiments compose Col. Sherman's command - Sixty-ninth New York militia, Col. Corcoran; Thirteenth New York volunteers, Col. Quinby; Twenty-eighth New York militia, Col. Bennett; Company B, Second United States cavalry, Lieut. Tompkins; Second Wisconsin volunteers (just attached), Col. Coon."

"The new fort building by United States employer on the right of Fort Corcoran, has been named Fort Bennett, in honor of the colonel commanding the Twenty-eighth New York regiment, who is to occupy the same and log houses ajoining the aqueduct bridge."

The New York Herald, 10 July, 1861 - Camp Licoln, N.E. Va., 4 July, 1861

Books/ Manuscripts

Third Annual Assembly of the Bureau of Military Record, State of New York, transmitted to the legislature, Albany, 2 February, 1866: Services of New York Militia regiments in 1861, pp303-304

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 1, by Frederick Phisterer

Personal memoirs of General W. T. Sherman, Volume 1, by William Tecumseh Sherman

American Civil War fortifications No.2: Land and field fortifications, by Ron Field and illustrated by Peter Dennis

Mr Lincoln's forts: A guide to the Civil War defenses of Washington D. C., New Edition, by Benjamin F Cooling II and Walton H Owen II

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 2, New York, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio

Notes

The 28th New York State Militia was accepted in state service for three months at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the call for 75,000 volunteer militia to serve three months on 30 April, 1861, dated 15 April, 1861.

Organisation of 28th Regiment (320), Fifth Brigade, Second Division, New York State Militia, 8 January, 1861: Colonel M Bennett, Lieutenant Colonel E Burns, Major J W Drake; Company A, Captain L G T Bruer; Company B, Captain J Becker; Company C, Captain T H Clynes; Company E, Captain A P Beadle; Company G, Captain J Rueger; Company H, Captain Vacant; Company R (Artillery), Captain C Kiehl; Company L, Captain H Willis

Accepted in state service, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, 23 April, 1861: The 25th New York State Militia, Companies, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, L, and R, accepted in state service at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on 23 April, 1861.

Note: The 28th New York State Militia was stationed at Brooklyn Arsenal, on Portland Avenue, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, between 24 and 30 April, 1861.

Brooklyn Arsenal, on Portland Avenue, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, to New York City, New York County, New York, 30 April, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia, under the command of Acting Colonel & Lieutenant Colonel E Burns and Acting Lieutenant Colonel & Major W R Brewster, was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 11 AM on 30 April, 1861, and proceeded by the steamer Nassau on the East River at Fulton Ferry Terminal, on Fulton Street, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, to Pier No.36, on the North or Hudson River, West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, at 11.30 AM the same day.

Note: A detachment of the 13th New York State Militia (57), Companies B and G, accompanied the 28th New York State Militia at the corner of Concord and Fulton Streets, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, in the morning on 30 April, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).

New York City, New York County, New York, to Washington, D. C., 30 April-5 May, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia (563) embarked on the steamer Star of the South on the North or Hudson River at Pier No.36, on West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, to Washington, D. C., in the afternoon on 30 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C., at 3 PM on 5 May, 1861.

Note: The 28th New York State Militia disembarked at Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C., at 6 PM on 5 May, 1861.

Opposite the National Hotel, on the corner of Pennsylvania Avenue & Sixth Street, Washington, D. C., 5 May, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia was stationed opposite the National Hotel, on the corner of Pennsylvania Avenue and Sixth Street, Washington, D. C., on 5 May, 1861.

Note: Colonel MP Bennett, 28th New York State Militia, was thrown from a wagon and received severe injuries in April 1861 and remained at Brooklyn (King County), New York City, New York, on 30 April, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Washington, D. C, 11 May, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C, on 11 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., 22 May, 1861: Major General C W Sandford, First Division, New York State Militia, was ordered to assume immediate command of all the regiments of his State within the District of Columbia, and to report directly to general headquarters by Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 22 May, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, ALexandria County, & Alexandria, 24 May, 1861

The 28th New State Militia was ordered rendezvous at Georgetown, D. C., at 12.30 AM on 24 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 5th New York State Militia. The regiment was ordered across the Potomac River at the Aqueduct Bridge, Georgetown, D. C., at 2 AM the same day and arrived at Camp Crooke, north of the wagon road, one mile east of Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 24 May, 1861 (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Right Column, Aqueduct Bridge, Georgetown, D. C., to Arlington Heights & Alexandria County, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: Captain W H Wood, 3rd United States Infantry, Company C; 5th New York State Militia, Lieutenant Colonel L Burger; 14th New York State Militia, Corps Engineers, Captain R Burt; 28th New York State Militia, Colonel M Bennett; 69th New York State Militia, Captain M Corcoran; 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, First Lieutenant C H Tompkins; detachment of President's Mounted Guards, Second Lieutenant M S Smith

Note: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, under the command of First C H Lieutenant Tompkins, supported by two companies of the 28th New York State Militia seized a passenger train at the junction of the wagon road and the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad on 24 May, 1861, and the 28th New State Militia, Company E, and the 5th New State Militia, Corps Engineers, under the command of First Lieutenant D C Houston, United States Corps Engineers, destroyed the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad and two bridges in the vicinity of the junction of the wagon road and the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad the same day (See the United States Corps Engineers).

Headquarters, Department of Fairfax, Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25-27 May, 1861: Major General C W Sandford, First Division, New York State Militia, was assigned to command the New York State Militia stationed at Alexandria County, Virginia, and set up headquarters at Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 25 and 27 May, 1861.

Distribution of New York State Militia, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25-27 May, 1861: The 5th New York State Militia and the 28th New York State Militia were stationed at Camp Union, north of the wagon road, on mile east of Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 7th New York State Militia, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H, at Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 8th New York State Militia and Varian's Light Artillery, 8th New York State Militia, Company I, at the rear of Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 12th New York State Militia in the vicinity of Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Miles Run, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 25th New York State Militia on Prospect Hill, two hundred yards south of the toll gate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, and the 69th New York State Militia at Camp Corcoran, between the wagon road and Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 25 and 27 May, 1861.

General Orders No.1, Paragraph IV, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, 28 May, 1861: The 5th New York State Militia, the 28th New York State Militia, the 69th New York State Militia, and other troops or detachments in his vicinity were assigned to Colonel D Hunter, 3rd United States Cavalry, by General Orders No.1, Paragraph IV, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

Note: Colonel M P Bennett, 28th New State Militia, arrived at Camp Crooke, in the vicinity of the wagon road, between Arlington Heights and Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 25 May, 1861.

Order No.1, Headquarters, Brigade of the Aqueduct, Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 30 May, 1861: The 12th New York State Militia was assigned to the Aqueduct Brigade, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, 3rd United States Cavalry, by Order No.1, Headquarters, Brigade of the Aqueduct, Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861.

Note: The 5th New York State Militia, the 28th New York State Militia, and the 69th New York State Militia and other troops or detachments in the vicinity not otherwise assigned were assigned to the Aqueduct Brigade, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, 3rd United States Cavalry, by Order No.1, Headquarters, Brigade of the Aqueduct, Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861 (See the 69th New York State Militia).

Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 5 June, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia was ordered to the vicinity of Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, in the morning on 5 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 13th New York Infantry (See the 13th New York Infantry).

Special Orders No.16, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 30 June, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia were assigned to Colonel W T Sherman, 13th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.16, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861 (See the Third Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army).

Organisation of the brigade of the Aqueduct, 4 July, 1861: Colonel W T Sherman, 13th United States Infantry; 2nd Wisconsin Infantry, Colonel S P Coon; 13th New York Infantry, Colonel I F Quinby; 28th New York State Militia, Colonel M P Bennett; 69th New York State Militia, Colonel M Corocran; 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, First Lieutenant C H Tompkins

Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights; Fort Bennett, half a mile north of Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; & Fort Haggerty, opposite Analostan Island, on the Potomac River, Washington, D. C., & the Aqueduct Bridge & Ferry, opposite Georgetown, D. C., 11 July, 1861: Five companies of the 28th New State Militia were assigned to garrison duty at Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; two companies at the blockhouses at Fort Haggerty, opposite Analostan Island, on the Potomac River, Washington, D. C.; two companies at Fort Bennett, half a mile north of Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; and one company at the Aqueduct Bridge and Ferry, opposite Georgetown, D. C., on 11 July, 1861.

Note: The 28th New York State Militia was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel W T Sherman, 13th United States Infantry, on 8 July, 1861 (See the Third Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army).

Disposition of troops in the defenses of Washington, D. C., 15 July, 1861: Headquarters, Fourth (Reserve) Division, McDowell's Army, Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, Alexandria, Loudoun, & Hampshire Railroad, a quarter of a mile south of Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia; 17th New York Infantry, Colonel H S Lansing, Fort Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, one mile west of Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, and King Street Wharf, Alexandria, Virginia; 21st New York Infantry, Colonel W F Rogers, Fort Runyon, junction of the Columbia and the Washington & Alexandria Turnpikes, Alexandria County, Virginia; Fort Jackson, Jackson City, Alexandria County, Virginia; bastion on the Washington & Alexandria Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia; 25th New York State Militia, Colonel M K Bryan, Fort Albany, on Prospect Hill, two hundred yards south of the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia; 28th New York State Militia, Colonel M P Bennett, Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; blockhouses at Fort Haggerty, opposite Analostan Island, on the Potomac River, Washington, D. C.; Fort Bennett, half a mile north of Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; Aqueduct Bridge and Ferry, opposite Georgetown, D. C.; 40th New York Infantry, Colonel E J Riley, vicinity of Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street Road, D. C.; 41st New York Infantry, Colonel L Von Gilsa, Washington, D. C.; 5th Pennsylvania Infantry, Colonel R P McDowell, Alexandria, Virginia; 2nd New York State Militia, Howitzer Corps, Captain T P Mott, Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles northwest of Georgetown, D. C.

Note: Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, was ordered to Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and assumed command of all the troops not on the march to the front, including those within the various fortifications and camps on 18 July, 1861.

Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights; Fort Bennett, half a mile north of Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; & Fort Haggerty, opposite Analostan Island, on the Potomac River, Washington, D. C., & the Aqueduct Bridge & Ferry, opposite Georgetown, D. C., 21 July, 1861: Five companies of the 28th New State Militia were assigned to garrison duty at Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; two companies at the blockhouses at Fort Haggerty, opposite Analostan Island, on the Potomac River, Washington, D. C.; two companies at Fort Bennett, half a mile north of Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; and one company at the Aqueduct Bridge and Ferry, opposite Georgetown, D. C., during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.

Washington, D. C., Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, 25-28 July, 1861: The 28th New State Militia was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, at 2.30 PM on 25 July, 1861, and arrived by steamer on the East River at Fulton Ferry Terminal, on Fulton Street, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, at 2 AM on 28 July, 1861.

Note: The 28th New State Militia was statoined at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 27 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, 5 August, 1861: The 28th New State Militia was mustered out at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, New York, on 5 August, 1861.

Reserves, defenses of Washington, D. C., 21 July, 1861: The 28th New York State Militia was assigned to the defenses of Washington, D. C., under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, during and immediately after the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.