The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Army of Pennsylvania

Eighth Brigade, Third Division

Acting Brigadier General & Colonel D Butterfield, Twelfth New York State Militia Infantry
Colonel D Butterfield, 12th New York State Militia Infantry, was assigned to command the Eighth Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, by Special Orders No.96, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861.

Fifth New York State Militia Infantry

Lieut. Col. L Burger

The 5th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Meigs, near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 10 July, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).
Arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 10 July, 1861

Twelfth New York State Militia Infantry

Lieut. Col. W G Ward

The 12th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Meigs, near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 10 July, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).
Arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 10 July, 1861

Nineteenth New York Infantry (Third New York Light Artillery)

Col. J S Clark

The 19th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 6 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Meigs, near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 8 July, 1861 (See the Volunteers, Department of Washington).
Arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861

Twenty-eighth New York Infantry

Col. D Donnelly

The 28th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 6 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Meigs, near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 8 July, 1861 (See the Volunteers, Department of Washington).
Arrived at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861

Sources

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volumes 1 & 3, by Frederick Phisterer

Reminiscences of the war, or, incidents which transpired in and about Chambersburg, during the War of the Rebellion, by J Hoke

A narrative of the campaign in the Valley of the Shenandoah in 1861, by Robert Patterson

History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-5, prepared in complience with acts of the legislation, Volume 1, by Samuel P Bates

Notes

The 5th New York State Militia Infantry was stationed west of Fourteenth Street, near Meridian Hill, D. C., between 5 June and 7 July, 1861; the 12th New York State Militia Infantry at Franklin Square, between Twelfth and Fourteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., between 7 June and 7 Jyly, 1861; the 19th New York Infantry on the heights overlooking the Chain or Little Falls Bridge, two and a half miles above Georgetown, D. C., between 10 June and 6 July, 1861; and the 28th New York Infantry east of North Capitol Street, D. C., between 2 and 6 July, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, 19th New York Infantry & 28th New York Infantry, 6-7 July, 1861: The 19th New York Infantry and the 28th New York Infantry were ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 6 July, 1861, and arrived by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Baltimore City, Maryland, at 6 PM the same day. The 19th New York Infantry and the 28th New York Infantry were ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Bridgeport, opposite Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 1 AM on 7 July, 1861. The 19th New York Infantry and the 28th New York Infantry arrived by the Cumberland Valley Railroad at Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, at 3 PM the same day and by the Franklin Railroad at Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, at 5 PM on 7 July, 1861. The 19th New York Infantry and the 28th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Greencastle & Williamsport Turnpike to Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, the same day and arrived on the north side of the Potomac River, near Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, in the evening on 7 July, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, 5th New York State Militia Infantry & 12th New York State Militia Infantry, 7-8 July, 1861: The 5th New York State Militia Infantry and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry were ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, under the command of Major General C W Sandford, New York State Militia, at 3 PM on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Baltimore City, Maryland, at 7 PM the same day. The 5th New York State Militia Infantry and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry were ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 12 AM on 8 July, 1861, and arrived at 12 PM the same day. The 5th New York State Militia Infantry and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry arrived by the Franklin Railroad at Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, at 11 PM on 8 July, 1861.

Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 19th New York Infantry & 28th New York Infantry, 7-8 July, 1861: The 19th New York Infantry and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry were ordered to proceed across the Potomac River at Lemon's Ferry, near Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, at 3 AM on 8 July, 1861, and arrived by the Williamsport & Matinsburg Turnpike at Camp Meigis, on the grounds of C S Faulkner, one mile south of Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 19th New York Infantry and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry were assigned to the Second brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania, under the command of Brigadier General G C Wynkoop, Pennsylvania Volunteers, by Special Orders No.95, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861 (See the Second Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania).

Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 5th New York State Militia Infantry & 12th New York State Militia Infantry, 9-10 July, 1861: The 5th New York State Militia Infantry and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry were ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 9 July, 1861, and proceeded across the Potomac River at Lemon's Ferry, near Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, at 8.30 PM the same day. The 5th New York State Militia Infantry and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry arrived at Camp Meigs, on the grounds of C S Faulkner, one mile south of Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia at 5 AM on 10 July, 1861.

Note: Two companies of the 19th New York Infantry and 28th New York Infantry were assigned to a foraging expedition on 10 July, 1861, and the 19th New York Infantry, 12th New York State Militia Infantry, the 5th New York State Militia Infantry, and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry were assigned to the Eighth Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, under the command of Acting Brigadier General & Colonel D Butterfield, 12th New York State Militia Infantry, by Special Orders No.96, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861

Grounds of C S Faulkner, one mile south of Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15-17 July, 1861: The Eighth Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 15 July, 1861, and arrived at 5 PM the same day. The Eighth Brigade was ordered to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and arrived by the Middleway, Charlestown & Harpers Ferry Turnpike via Middleway or Smithfield, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 28th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Middleway, Charlestown & Harpers Ferry Turnpike to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day.

Charlestown to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The Eighth Brigade, Third Division, Army of Pennsylvania, was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Major General R Patterson, Pennsylvnia Volunteers, was discharged by General Orders No.46, Paragraph I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 19 July, 1861, dated 27 July, 1861, and Major General G C W Sandford, New York State Militia, was discharged by General Orders No.62, Paragraph III, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 15 August, 1861.

Army of the Shenandoah

Major General N P Banks, United States Volunteers, was assigned to command the Army of the Pennsylvania, Headquarters in the field, by General Orders No.46, Paragraph II, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 19 July, 1861, and arrived by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861. He assumed command of the Department of the Shenadoah at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Note: Major General J A Dix, United States Volunteers, was assigned to command the Department of Maryland, Headquarters at Baltimore City, Maryland, and the Department of Pennsylvania was renamed the Department of the Shenandoah by General Orders No.46, Paragraph II, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 19 July, 1861 (See the Departments of Maryland and Annapolis).

General Orders No.47, Paragragh I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., 25 July, 1861: The counties of Washington and Allegheny in Maryland and such other parts of Virginia as may be covered by the Army in its operations were added to the Department of the Shenandoah; the counties of Pronce George, Montgomery, and Frederick were added to the Department of Washington; the remainder of Maryland and all Pennsylvania and Delaware constituted the Department of Pennsylvania, Headquarters at Baltimore City, Maryland; and the Department of Washington and the Department of Northeastern Virginia, constituted a geographical Division, Headquarters Washington, D. C., by General Orders No.47, Paragragh I, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 25 July, 1861.

Note: The Army of the Shenandoah was organised by General Orders No.36, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of the Shenandoah, Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 29 July, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Knoxville, Frederick County, Maryland, 5th New York State Militia Infantry & 12th New York State Militia Infantry, 28 July, 1861: The 5th New York State Militia Infantry and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry were ordered across the Potomac River to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 28 July, 1861, and arrived at Knoxville, Frederick County, Maryland, the same day.

Note: Four companies of the 12th New York State Militia Infantry were ordered to Loudoun Heights, above the Shenandoah River, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 26 July, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Berlin, Frederick County, Maryland, 28-29 July, 1861: The 19th New York Infantry and the 28th New York Infantry were ordered across the Potomac River to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 28 July, 1861, and arrived near Weverton, Washington County, Maryland, the same day. The 19th New York Infantry and the 28th New York Infantry arrived at Berlin, Frederick County, Maryland, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, in the afternoon on 29 July, 1861.

Note: The 19th New York Infantry and the 28th New York Infantry were assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel G H Thomas, 2nd United States Cavalry, and the 5th New York State Militia Infantry to the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.36, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 29 July, 1861, and the 5th New York State Militia Infantry and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry were ordered to Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, by Special Orders No.144, Headquarters, Department of the Shenandoah, Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 30 July, 1861.

Mustered out, New York City, New York, 5 & 7 August, 1861: The 5th New York State Militia Infantry and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry were ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 30 and 31 July, 1861, respectively, and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry was mustered out on 5 August, 1861, and the 5th New York State Militia Infantry on 7 August, 1861.

Acting Brigadier General & Colonel D Butterfield, 12th New York State Militia Infantry: Acting Brigadier General & Colonel D Butterfield, 12th New York State Militia Infantry, was appointed brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.106, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 5 December, 1861, dated 7 September, 1861.