The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel W Barksdale, 13th Mississippi Infantry

Colonel W Barksdale, 13th Mississippi Infantry

Thirteenth Mississippi Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 23 May, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 20 July, 1861. Stationed on a road between McLean's Farm and Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL W BARKSDALE
W Barksdale was appointed brigadier general and quartermaster general, Army of Mississippi, on 12 March, 1861, dated 1 March, 1861, and was appointed colonel, Confederate States Army, on 14 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL M H WHITAKER
First Lieutenant M H Whitaker, Company H, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 13th Mississippi Infantry, at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 18 May, 1861.

MAJOR I HARRISON
I Harrison was appointed major, 13th Mississippi Infantry, at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 14 May, 1861.

Company A Alamutcha Infantry: CAPT. P H BOZEMAN
The company was accepted in state service at Macon, Noxubee County, Mississippi, on 4 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 23 March, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Mobile & Ohio Railroad to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, at 10 AM on 14 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.
Company B Winston Guards: CAPT. J M BRADLEY
The company was accepted in state service at Louisville, Winston County, Mississippi, on 6 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 16 March, 1861. The company was ordered to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, in the morning on 13 May, 1861, and arrived at Macon, Noxubee County, Mississippi, at 3 PM on 14 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Mobile & Ohio Railroad to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, in the evening the same day and arrived in the morning on 15 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 16 May, 1861.
Company C Wayne Rifles: CAPT. W J ECKFORD
The company was accepted in state service at Waynesboro, Wayne County, Mississippi, on 9 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service by Captain R J Lawrence, Shubuta Rifles, 14th Mississippi Infantry, Company A, on 17 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.
Company D Minute Men of Attala: CAPT. L D FLETCHER
The company was accepted in state service at Kosciusko, Attala County, Mississippi, on 15 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 19 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 13 May, 1861.
Company E Newton Rifles: CAPT. M CARLETON
The company was accepted and mustered in state service at Decatur, Newton County, Mississippi, on 23 March, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Newton Station, Newton, Newton County, Mississippi, in the morning on 15 May, 1861. The company arrived by the Southern (Mississippi) Railroad at Meridian, Lauderdale County, Mississippi, at 3 PM the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Mobile & Ohio Railroad to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, at 8 AM on 16 May, 1861. The company arrived at Corinth, Alcorn County, via West Point, Clay County, Mississippi, in the morning on 17 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.
Company F Kemper Legion: CAPT. J W Carter
The company was accepted in state service at DeKalb, Kemper County, Mississippi, on 13 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Mobile & Ohio Railroad to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 14 May, 1861. The company arrived at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 14 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.
Company G Lauderdale Zouaves: CAPT. K MCELROY
The company was accepted in state service at Lauderdale Springs, Lauderdale County, Mississippi, on 30 March, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 13 May, 1861.
Company H Pettus Guards: CAPT. S J RANDELL
The company was accepted and mustered in state service at Marion Station, Lauderdale County, Mississippi, on 19 March, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.
Company I Secessionists: CAPT. D R MCINTOSH
The company mustered in state service at Pierce's Springs, Clarke County, Mississippi, on 27 April, 1861, and was ordered proceed by the Mobile & Ohio Railroad to Corinth, on 12 May, 1861. The company arrived at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, the same day and was mustered in Confederate service for one year by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 12 May, 1861.
Company K Spartan Band: CAPT. W H Worthington
The company was mustered in state service at Sparta, Chickasaw County, Mississippi, under the command of Captain W Mellard, by Captain W H Moore, Van Dorn Reserves, on 23 March, 1861, and was stationed at Marion Station, Lauderdale County, Mississippi, on 30 March, 1861 (See the 11th Mississippi Infantry). The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 2 May, 1861, and Captain W Mellard, 13th Mississippi Infantry, Company K, resigned on 22 May, 1861. Private W H Worthington, 13th Mississippi Infantry, Company K, was appointed captain the same day.

Source

"This company, the first in Newton county, was organised at Decatur, and called the Newton Rifles. The organisation was completed as early as the first of March, 1861, Montgomery Carleton being the captain; was mustered into service on the 9th March, same year, by Capt. Yerger."

"From there they were ordered into camp of instruction at Union City, Tenn., and there remained six weeks; from there to Jackson, Tenn., where they remianed but one day, and were ordered to Virginia, where they participated in the first Manassas battle, on 21st July, 1861."

History of Newton County, Mississippi, from 1834 to 1894, by A J Brown

"The messenger sent to General Longstreet returned and informed me that the General said there was a regiment in the pines to my left which had been ordered to report to him, and that I could take that regiment instead of the companies of my own, to save time and prevent the exposure of both to the fire of the enemy's artillery in passing to and from Blackburn's Ford. In this arrangement I readily concurred, and soon found, to my left in the pines, the 13th Mississippi Regiment under Colonel Barksdale, which had very recently arrived."

Lieutenant General Jubal Anderson Early C.S.A.: Autobiographical sketch and narrative of the War Between the States, with notes by Jubal Anderson Early

"Immediately on reaching Lynchburg they were ordered to Manassas, and reached the railroad junction during the night of July 20 and the morning of the 21st, the day of the battle. As soon as possible they were advanced to the field, with much marching and countermarching in the intense heat and stifling dust. The orders were to report to General Longstreet, but for convenience they were attached to Jubal A Early's brigade, which was stationed in the rear of Beauregard's line on Bull Run, near McLean's ford."

Military history of Mississippi, 1803–1898, taken from the official and statistical register of the State of Mississippi, 1908, by Dunbar Rowland

"The general commanding has directed to be sent to Fairfax Station some 6,000 wing badges, made in Richmond, which he wishes to be used by the infantry and cavalry of your brigade and that of General Ewell until otherwise directed. Your brigade will wear these badges the yellow side out, and General Ewell's the red side out. Each brigade commander will designate, at their option, the shoulder upon which the wing will be worn by his brigade. All pains and precautions must be taken to make the men of your command understand these badges and to regard them as the insignia of friends, who are not to be fired into under any pretense. It is the intention of the general that your artillery shall wear a different badge – perhaps a red flannel band around the cap or arm. This will be indicated in time and the flannel furnished. Colonel Cocke's brigade will wear a red flannel band badge around the cap or arm. This is communicated, so that it may be made known also to your several regiments, corps, and companies. The general trusts that after the recent catastrophe in one of our advanced brigades it will be unnecessary to impress on your men the need for coolness, an iron nerve, and all possible precautions against the slaughter of our own men."

Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Manassas Junction, 8 July, 1861: Acting Assistant Adjutant General, Colonel T Jordan

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 33, Serial No.45: Record of events for the Thirteenth Mississippi Infantry, March 1861-March 1865, edited by James B Hewett

Lauderdale County, Missisissippi, a brief history, by Richelle Putnam

Notes

The 13th Mississippi Infantry was accepted in Confederate service for one year on 14 May, 1861, and was stationed at at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 23 May, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, 23 May, 1861: The 13th Mississippi Infantry was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861.

Note: Major General C Clark, Army of Mississippi, was ordered to send the 12th Mississippi Infantry and 13th Mississippi Infantry to Union City, Obion County, Tennessee, by Secretary of War L P Walker on 22 May, 1861 (See the 12th Mississippi Infantry).

Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, to Union City, Obion County, Tennessee, 25-26 May, 1861: The 13th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Mobile & Ohio Railroad to Union City, Obion County, Tennessee, at 3 PM on 25 May, 1861, dated 24 May, 1861, and arrived at Jackson, Madison County, Tennessee, at 8 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Union City, Obion County, Tennessee, at 10 AM on 26 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Barksdale, near Union City, Obion County, Tennessee, at 12 PM the same day.

Note: Secretary of War L P Walker ordered Major General L Polk and Brigadier General C Clark to send the 12th Mississippi Infantry and 13th Mississippi Infantry to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 9 July, 1861.

Union City, Obion County, Tennessee, to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, 11-12 July, 1861: The 13th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Mobile & Ohio Railroad to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 11 July, 1861, and arrived via Jackson, Madison County, Tennessee, on 12 July, 1861.

Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, to Lynchburg, Virginia, 13-19 July, 1861: The 13th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, at 9 PM on 13 July, 1861, and arrived at Iuka, Tishomingo County, Mississippi, at 3 PM on 14 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, at 9 PM on 15 July, 1861, and was ordered proceed by the East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad to Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, at 7 AM on 16 July, 1861. The 13th Mississippi Infantry arrived at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, in the afternoon the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Lynchburg, Virginia, at 5 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Lynchburg to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19-20 July, 1861: The 13th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 9 PM on 19 July, 1861, and arrived at Gordonsville, Orange County, via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 20 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Manassas Junction, at 4 PM the same day and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, between 10 PM the same day.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, to between McLean's Farm & Mitchell's Ford, on the Potomac River, 21 July, 1861: The 13th Mississippi Infantry was ordered between McLean's Farm and Mitchell's Ford, on the Potomac River, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 13th Mississippi Infantry was assigned to the Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel J A Early, 24th Virginia Infantry, and six companies of the 24th Virginia Infantry were temporarily assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General J Longstreet, in the morning on 21 July, 1861 (See the 24th Virginia Infantry).

After the first battle of Manassas the 13th Mississippi Infantry was ordered one mile above the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 22 July, 1861.

One mile above the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 25 July, 1861: The 13th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, on the 25 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day.

Note: The 13th Mississippi Infantry was assigned to the Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, 13th Mississippi Infantry, 17th Mississippi Infantry, 18th Mississippi Infantry

Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861: The 13th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 1 August, 1861.

Centreville, Fairfax County, to Carter's Mill, near Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 9-11 August, 1861: The 13th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.212, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 9 August, 1861, dated 8 August, 1861, and arrived at Carter's Mill, near Leesburg, via Gum Spring and Ball's Mills, on Goose Creek, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 11 August, 1861.

Reorganised, Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 26 April, 1862: The 13th Mississippi Infantry was reorganised at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 13th Mississippi Infantry, under the command of Captain G R Cherry, 17th Mississippi Infantry, Company C, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel J A Early, 24th Virginia Infantry, Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Colonel J A Early, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to command Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, on 16 May, 1861, and organised the 24th Virginia Infantry, the 28th Virginia Infantry, and the 30th Virginia Cavalry on 17 May, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 28 August, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861.

Brigadier General C Clark, Confederate States Army, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, 4 September, 1861: C Clark was appointed brigadier general, Mississippi Militia, on 23 January, 1861, and major general on 15 April, 1861. Major General C Clark, Army of Mississippi, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861, and was assigned to command Camp Clark, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, between 28 May and 21 June, 1861. Brigadier General C Clark, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.143, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 4 September, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, between 4 September and 14 October, 1861 (See the Garrison at Camp Pickens).

The 13th Mississippi Infantry was assigned to the Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel N G Evans, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.109: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp555-558
Colonel J Early, Sixth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated 1 August, 1861