The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Fifth Division

Colonel F G D'Utassy, 39th New York Infantry

Colonel F G D'Utassy, 39th New York Infantry

Thirty-ninth New York Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three years 28 May, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 30 May, 1861. Not engaged in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL F G D'UTASSY
F G D'Utassy was appointed colonel, 39th New York Infantry, on 14 September, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Adjutant General's Department, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL A REPETTI
A Repetti was appointed lieutenant colonel, 39th New York Infantry, on 14 September, 1861, dated 6 June, 1861, and was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Adjutant General's Department, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861.

MAJOR G E WARING, JR.
G E Waring, Jr., was appointed major, 39th New York Infantry, on 28 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service as major, in the field, 39th New York Infantry, on 6 June, 1861. Major G E Waring, Jr., 39th New York Infantry, was discharged on 3 August, 1861, and Capatin C Weigand, 39th New York Infantry, Company K, was appointed major, 39th New York Infantry, on 2 August, 1861.

Company A (2nd)/C (1st) German: CAPT. C SCHWARz
The company was accepted in state service for three years at New York City, New York County, New York, on 1 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for three years on 28 May, 1861. The company was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Adjutant General's Department, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861.
Company B Hungarian: CAPT. A H VON UNWERTH
The company was accepted in state service for three years at New York City, New York County, New York, on 10 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for three years on 28 May, 1861. The company was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Adjutant General's Department, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861, and Captain A H Von Unwerth, 39th New York Infantry, Company B, was discharged on 28 August, 1861.
Company C (2nd)/A (1st) Italian: CAPT. C OSNAGHI
The company was mustered in state service for three years at New York City, New York County, New York, on 28 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Adjutant General's Department, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861. Captain C Osnaghi, 39th New York Infantry, Company C (2nd)/A (1st), was discharged on 29 August, 1861, and T Niedzielski was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company C (2nd)/A (1st), on 1 September, 1861.
Company D (2nd)/I (1st) Swiss: CAPT. J SCHIMDT
The company was mustered in state service for three years at New York City, New York County, New York, on 28 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Adjutant General's Department, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861. First Lieutenant J B Jünger, 39th New York Infantry, Company F, was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company D (1st), on 14 September, dated 28 August, 1861, and the company was mustered out at New York City, New York County, New York, on 24 June, 1864.
Company D (3rd): CAPT. P A Field
The company was accepted in United States service for one year at Hart Island, on Long Island Sound, one and a half miles east of Pelham, Westchester County, New York, on 21 September, 1861, and was mustered in United States service for one year on 30 September, 1864.
Company E Hungarian: CAPT. J SIEGeL
The company was accepted in state service for three years at New York City, New York County, New York, on 1 May, 1861 and was mustered in state service for three years on 28 May, 1861. The company was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Adjutant General's Department, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861, and Captain J Siegel, 39th New York Infantry, Company E, was discharged on 26 July, 1861. First Lieutenant W Robitsek, 39th New York Infantry, Company E, was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company E, on 14 September, dated 28 August, 1861.
Company F (2nd)/G (1st) Hungarian: CAPT. F TAKATS
The company was mustered in state service for three years at New York City, New York County, New York, on 28 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Adjutant General's Department, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861. Captain F Takats, 39th New York Infantry, Company F (2nd)/G (1st), was discharged on 19 November, 1861.
Company G (2nd)/K (1st) French: CAPT. L TASSILLIER
The company was accepted in state service for three years at New York City, New York County, New York, on 27 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for three years on 28 May, 1861. The company was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Adjutant General's Department, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant V Chandone, 39th New York Infantry, Company G (2nd)/K (1st), was appointed captain, New York Infantry, Company G (2nd)/K (1st), , on 1 August, 1861, and Captain L Tassillier, 39th New York Infantry, Company G (2nd)/K (1st), was dishonourably discharged on 27 August, 1861.
Company H German: CAPT. A O BERNSTEIN
The company was accepted in state service for three years at New York City, New York County, New York, on 17 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for three years on 28 May, 1861. The company was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Adjutant General's Department, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant B Baer, 39th New York Infantry, Company H, was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company H, on 25 July, 1861. Captain O Bernstein, 39th New York Infantry, Company H, was discharged on 27 July, 1861.
Company I (2nd)/D (1st) Spanish: CAPT. J TORRENS
The company was mustered in state service for three years at New York City, New York County, New York, on 28 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Adjutant General's Department, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861. Captain J Torrens, 39th New York Infantry, Company I, was discharged on 21 December, 1861.
Company K (2nd)/F (1st) German: CAPT. C WIEGAND
The company was accepted in state service for three years at New York City, New York County, New York, on 3 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for three years on 28 May, 1861. The company was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Adjutant General's Department, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861, and Captain C Wiegand, 39th New York Infantry, Company K (2nd)/F (1st), was appointed major, 39th New York Infantry, on 2 August, 1861.
Detachment of pioneers
A detachment of fourteen men and a corporal of the 39th New York Infantry was assigned to First Lieutenant F E Prime, United States Corps Engineers, prior to the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.

Organisation of 39th New York Infantry at the first battle of Bull Run, 21 July, 1861: Colonel F G D'Utassy, Lieutenant Colonel A Repetti, Major G E Waring, Jr.; Company A (2nd)/C (1st), Captain C Schwarz; Company B, Captain A H Von Unwerth; Company C (2nd)/A (1st), Captain C Osnaghi; Company D (2nd)/I (1st), Captain J Schmidt; Company E, Captain J Siegel; Company F (2nd)/G (1st), Captain F Takats*; Company G (2nd)/K (1st), Captain L Tassillier; Company H, Captain O Bernstein; Company I (2nd)/D (1st), Captain J Torrens; Company K (2nd)/F (1st), Captain C Wiegand

*Not present at the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861

Sources

"The The Garibaldi Guard were quartered yesterday at the Harmonic Garden, Essex Street. All the companies have been inspected and sworn into service."

Sun (New York City, New York County, New York), 16 May, 1861 - Garibaldi Guard

"The Union Defence Committee ordered the ninth regiment and Colonel Belnker's German Rifles to depart for Washington on Monday. They left Jersey City at six o'clock last evening by railroad. The seventy-ninth regiment, (Highlander's,) Lieutenant Elliott, and the Garibaldi Guards, Colonel D'Utassy, will leave at the same time, and by the same route today."

National Republican (Washington, D. C.), 29 May, 1861 - Regiments ordered off

"About 12 o'clock last night, the Garibaldi Guard, Col. Geo. d'Utassy, arrived here direct from New York, numbering 1,050 officers and men. They are dressed in Chasseur jacket, and Zouave pants of dark blue, trimmed with red cord and facings, black leggings and Garibaldi hats with black feathers."

Evening Star (Washington, D. C.), 30 May, 1861 - More troops - The Garibaldi Guard arrive

"The Garibaldi Guards have gone into camp on the Eastern Branch, near Benning's Bridge, on this side of the river."

National Republican (Washington, D. C.), 5 June, 1861 - The Garibaldians go into camp

"The Garibaldi Guard, Colonel d'Utassy, on east Capitol ground. Thirty-seventh, New York, Colonel McCunn, on the same premises. Twelfth, New York Volunteers, Col. Walrath, on the same grounds. A portion of this regiment are detailed every night to guard the Anacostia bridge."

New York Herald, Morning Edition (New York City, New York County, New York), 2 July, 1861 - Location of the troops in and around Washington on the evening of June 29, 1861

"Among the recruits for the various regiments here, which will probably arrive this morning, are forty recruits for the second New York regiment, now encamped at Ball's Crossroads, and forty recruits for the Highlanders. A detachment of sappers and miners, and a large body of recruits for the Garibaldi Guard, who have all been recruited in New York city, within the past week, are also expected today. One hundred men, one hundred and twenty horses, and a number of ambulances, for the second Maine regiment, now stationed over the river, will also arrive today."

National Republican (Washington, D. C.), 8 July, 1861 - Recruits on the way

"Alexandria, Va., 16 July - The far famed Garibaldians produced a very favourable impression by their soldiery appearance, as they marched through the streets on Saturday. they are encamped just beyond Great Hunting Creek, between the old road to Occoquan and the new road to Mt. Vernon, on the land of Mr. Frank Johnson."

Evening Star (Washington, D. C.), 16 July, 1861 - The Garibaldians

"Washington, 14 July, 1861 - Abingdon farm, in Virginia, immediately ajoining Summer Hill, in fact owned by the same proprietor, was, up to yesterday morning, the encampment of the Garibaldi Guard. Situated on an eminence, surrounded partially by the Potomac, the sanitary condition of the regiment has been unexceptionably good, owing to the crystal like drinking water and bathing facilities offered on thgis pleasant country seat."

New York Herald (New York City, New York County, New York), 16 July, 1861 - The encampment of the Garibaldi Guard

Books/ Manuscripts

Conquer or die. The 39th New York Volunteer Infantry: Garibaldi Guard, a military history, by J M Pellicano

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 3, by Frederick Phisterer

Report of Lieut. Frederick E. Prime, U.S. Corps of Engineers, The War of the Rebellion: A compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Series I, Volume II, Chapter IX pp234-236

American Civil War fortifications No.2: Land and field fortifications, by Ron Field and illustrated by Peter Dennis

Notes

The 39th New York Infantry was authorised by a proclamation calling for 42,034 volunteers to serve three years, unless sooner discharged, by General Orders No.15, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 4 May, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861, and was accepted in state service for three years by the Union Defence Committee of New York City at New York City, New York County, New York, on 27 May, 1861.

Accepted in state service for three years, New York City, New York County, New York, 27 April-dated May, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry, Company G, was accepted in state service for three years at New York City, New York County, New York, on 27 April, 1861; Companies A and E for three years on 1 May, 1861; Company K for three years on 3 May, 1861; Company B for three years on 10 May, 1861; Company H for three years on 17 May, 1861; and Companies C, D, F, and I, for three years dated May, 1861.

Headquarters, Garibaldi Guards, Irving building, 594-6 Broadway, New York City, New York County, New York, 8 May, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed at Irving building, 594-6 Broadway, New York City, New York County, New York,on 8 May, 1861.

Note: Major, commanding the depot, L W Tinelli, 39th New York Infantry, resigned on 10 June, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, 90th New York Infantry, on 6 December, 1861, and the 39th New York Infantry and was stationed at No.596 Broadway, on the corner of Houston Street, New York City, New York County, New York, on 14 May, 1861.

Lafayette Place, New York City, New York County, New York, 23 May, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Lafayette Place, New York City, New York County, New York, at 1 PM on 23 May, 1861.

Organisation of 39th New York Infantry (830), 28 May, 1861: Colonel F G D'Utassy, Lieutenant Colonel A Repetti, First Major (commanding the depot) L W Tinelli, Second Major (in the field) G E Waring, Jr.; Company A (80), Captain C Schwarz; Company B (84), Captain A H Von Unwerth; Company C (86), Captain C Osnaghi; Company D (76), Captain J Schmidt; Company E (80), Captain J Siegel; Company F (85), Captain F Takats; Company G (92), Captain L Tassillier; Company H (78), Captain O Bernstein; Company I (85), Captain J Torrens; Company K (90), Captain C Wiegand

Note: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed at New York City, New York County, New York, on 28 May, 1861.

New York City to Washington, 28-30 May, 1861

The 39th New York Infantry (830/939/1,050) was ordered to proceed by ferry on the North/ Hudson River at Jersey City Ferry Terminal, on Courtlandt Street, New York City, New York County, New York, to Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, at 6 PM on 28 May, 1861, and to proceed by the New Jersey Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 8/9 PM the same day. The regiment arrived by the South Camden Ferry at Washington Street Wharf, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, at 3 AM on 29 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 5.30 AM the same day. The 39th New York Infantry arrived at President Street Station, corner of President Street and Canton Avenue, Baltimore City, Maryland, at 6 PM on 29 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 8 PM the same day. The regiment arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 12 AM on 30 May, 1861.

Note: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad at Washington Street Wharf, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 29 May, 1861.

Department of Washington, 30 May-5 July, 1861

The 39th New York Infantry was stationed in the vicinity of City Hall, on Indiana Avenue, south of Judiciary Square, between Indiana Avenue and North F Street, and West Fourth and Fifth Streets, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 30 May, 1861.

Note: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed at Capitol Hill, east of the Capital building, between East Capitol and First Streets, and northeast of the Congressional burying ground/ Cemetery, between South E and G Streets and East Eighteenth and Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., between 1 June and 4 July, 1861.

Mustered for three years, Washington, D. C., 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Adjutant General's Department, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861.

Note: Major L W Tinelli, 39th New York Infantry, resigned at Washington, D. C., on 10 June, 1861.

Organisation of 39th New York Infantry (958), 12 June, 1861: Colonel F G D'Utassy, Lieutenant Colonel A Repetti, Major G E Waring, Jr.; Company A (105), Captain C Schwarz; Company B (92), Captain A H Von Unwerth; Company C (87), Captain C Osnaghi; Company D (94), Captain J Schmidt; Company E (103), Captain J Siegel; Company F (92), Captain F Takats; Company G (97), Captain L Tassillier; Company H (102), Captain O Bernstein; Company I (84), Captain J Torrens; Company K (102), Captain C Wiegand

Eastern Branch of the Potomac/ Anacostia River, northeast of the Congressional burying ground/ Cemetery, between South E & G Streets & East Eighteenth & Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., 26 June, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed on the Eastern Branch of the Potomac/ Anacostia River, northeast of the Congressional burying ground/ Cemetery, between South E and G Streets and East Eighteenth and Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., on 26 June, 1861.

Note: The 37th New York Infantry was stationed on the Eastern Branch of the Potomac/Anacostia River, on East Capitol Street, half a mile northeast of the Congressional burying ground/ Cemetery, between South E and G Streets and East Eighteenth and Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., and the 12th New York Infantry at East Capitol Street, three quarters of a mile southwest of Benning's/ Anacostia Bridge, on the Eastern Branch of the Potomac/ Anacostia River, D. C., on 26 June, 1861.

Organisation of 39th New York Infantry, Eastern Branch of the Potomac/ Anacostia River, northeast of the Congressional burying ground, between South E & G Streets & East Eighteenth & Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., 30 June, 1861: Colonel F G D'Utassy, Lieutenant Colonel A Repetti, Major G E Waring, Jr.; Company A, Captain C Osnaghi; Company B, Captain A H Von Unwerth; Company C, Captain C Schwarz; Company D, Captain J Torrens; Company E, Captain J Siegel; Company F, Captain C Wiegand; Company G, Captain F Takats; Company H, Captain O Bernstein; Company I, Captain J Schmidt; Company K, Captain L Tassillier

Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 3 July, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry, the 29th New York Infantry, and the 39th New York Infantry were assigned to Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 July, 1861.

Note: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed on the Eastern Branch of the Potomac/Anacostia River, northeast of the Congressional burying ground/ Cemetery, between South E and G Streets and East Eighteenth and Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., between 26 June and 5 July, 1861.

Department of Northeastern Virginia, 5 July-17 August, 1861

The 39th New York Infantry was ordered across the Long Bridge, on the Potomac River, at Washington D. C., on 5 July, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Grinnell, B W Hunter's farm, Abingdon and Summer Hill, on Four Mile Run, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria Canal, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 5 and 13 July, 1861.

Note: Camp Grinnell, B W Hunter's farm, Abingdon and Summer Hill, on Four Mile Run, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria Canal, Alexandria County, Virginia, was named in honour of M H Grinnell, Esq., on 5 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Mutiny at Camp Grinnell, Company F (2nd)/G (1st), 8 July, 1861

The 39th New York Infantry (67), Company F (2nd)/G (1st), under the command of Captain F Takats, was ordered across the Long Bridge, on the Potomac River, at Washington, D. C., at 7.30 PM on 8 July, 1861.

Note: The 39th New York Infantry (67), Company F (2nd)/G (1st), declined guard duty at Camp Grinnell, B W Hunter's farm, Abingdon and Summer Hill, on Four Mile Run, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria Canal, Alexandria County, Virginia, in the evening on 8 July, 1861.

Arrested at corner of Maryland Avenue & West Twelfth Street, Washington, D. C., 8 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry, Company F (2nd)/G (1st), was arrested by the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies D and H, under the command of Captain W P Chambliss and Second Lieutenant J P Ash, respectively, at the corner of Maryland Avenue and West Twelfth Street, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 8 July, 1861.

Note: The 39th New York Infantry (67), Company F (2nd)/G (1st), was stationed at the Treasury building, on West Fifteenth Street, Washington, D. C., in the morning on 9 July, 1861.

Camp Grinnell, B W Hunter's farm, Abingdon & Summer Hill, on Four Mile Run, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria Canal, Alexandria County, to F E Johnson's, between the Accotink Turnpike & the Gravel Road, one mile south of Hunting Creek, Fairfax County, Virginia, 13 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Alexandria & Washington Turnpike to F E Johnson's, between the Accotink Turnpike and the Gravel Road, one mile south of Hunting Creek, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6.30 AM on 13 July, 1861.

New York City, New York County, New York, to Washington, D. C., Corps Engineers, 7-9 July, 1861: A detachment of the 39th New York Infantry, Corps Engineers, was ordered to Washington, D. C., on 7 July, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., in the evening on 9 July, 1861.

Note: Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, set up Headquarters, First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, at B W Hunter's farm, Abingdon, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria Canal, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861, and the 39th New York Infantry was stationed at Camp Grinnell, B W Hunter's farm, Abingdon and Summer Hill, on Four Mile Run, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria Canal, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 9 and 13 July, 1861.

Disposition of First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, 15 July, 1861: Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, Headquarters, F E Johnson's, between the Accotink Turnpike and the Gravel Road, one mile south of Hunting Creek, Fairfax County, Virginia; 8th New York Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel J Stahel, F E Johnson's, between the Accotink Turnpike and the Gravel Road, one mile south of Hunting Creek, Fairfax County, Virginia; 29th New York Infantry, Colonel A Von Steinwehr, F E Johnson's, between the Accotink Turnpike and the Gravel Road, one mile south of Hunting Creek, Fairfax County, Virginia; 39th New York Infantry, Colonel F G D'Utassy, Camp Grinnell, F E Johnson's, between the Accotink Turnpike and the Gravel Road, one mile south of Hunting Creek, Fairfax County, Virginia; 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Colonel M Einstein, F E Johnson's, between the Accotink Turnpike and the Gravel Road, one mile south of Hunting Creek, Fairfax County, Virginia

Note: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed at Camp Grinnell, F E Johnson's, between the Accotink Turnpike and the Gravel Road, one mile south of Hunting Creek, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 13 and 16 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861

The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Little River Turnpike to Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived at W Garges sawmill, one mile east of Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 11.30 PM the same day.

W Garges sawmill, one mile east of Annandale, to W Farr's Crossroads, one & a quarter miles south of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the old Braddock Road to W Farr's Crossroads, one and a quarter miles south of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 AM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived at 1.30 PM the same day.

W Farr's Crossroads, one & a quarter miles south of Fairfax Courthouse, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the old Braddock Road to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at the old Braddock Road, one mile southeast of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day.

First battle of Bull Run, 21 July, 1861

The 39th New York Infantry was stationed at the old Braddock Road, one mile southeast of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morniing on 21 July, 1861.

Advance to heights east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to the heights east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2.30 AM on 21 July, 1861.

Heights east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed south of the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, on the heights east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company A, was stationed at the left wing of the 39th New York Infantry, south of the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, on the heights east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861 (See the 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company A).

Advance to Warrenton Turnpike, west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to the Warrenton Turnpike, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 39th New York Infantry was assigned as support to the 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company A, was stationed at the Warrenton Turnpike, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Retreat to Washington, 21-22 July, 1861

The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 12 AM on 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., via Fairfax Courthouse and Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day.

Note: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered across the Long Bridge, on the Potomac River, at Washington, D. C., in the evening on 22 July, 1861.

Return of casualties in the 39th New York Infantry, First Brigade, Fifth Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, at the battle of Bull Run, 21 July, 1861: Killed 2, wounded 5, captured/missing 54, total 61

Note: A detachment of the 39th New York Infantry was stationed at F E Johnson's, between the Accotink Turnpike and the Gravel Road, one mile south of Hunting Creek, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia, 26 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered across the Long Bridge, on the Potomac River, at Washington, D. C., to Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 26 July, 1861.

Note: The comiisioned officers of the 39th New York Infantry were stationed at a boarding house, corner of West Eighteenth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., on 25 July, 1861.

Mustered out, New York City, New York County, New York, 24 June, 1864 & 7 June & 1 July, 1865: The 39th New York Infantry was consolidated as Companies A, B, C, and D on 31 May, 1863, and Company E was organised on 8 December, 1863; Company F on 14 December, 1863; Company G on 19 December, 1863; Company H on 30 December, 1863; and Companies I and K dated January, 1864. The 39th New York Infantry, Companies A, B, C, and D, were mustered out at New York City, New York County, New York, on 24 June, 1864, and Company D (3rd), under the command of Captain P A Field, was mustered in United States service at Hart ('s) Island, Long Island Sound, one and a half miles east of Pelham, Westchester County, New York, for one year on 30 September, 1864. The 39th New York Infantry, Company D (3rd), under the command of First Lieutenant K Van Rensselaer, was mustered out at Alexandria, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 7 June, 1865, and Companies E, F, G, H, I, and K, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel A Funk, at New York City, New York County, New York, on 1 July, 1865.

Note: The men of the 39th New York Battalion Infantry not entitled to be mustered out were assigned to the 185th New York Infantry on 2 June, 1865.

Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army: Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, was stationed at Fort Kearney, on the Platte River, Nebraska Territory, on 14 April, 1861, and was ordered to Fort Leavenworth, on the Missouri River, four miles north of Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 15 April, 1861. He was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Companies E and F, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, on the Missouri River, four miles north of Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, in the afternoon on 29 April, 1861. Colonel D S Miles was ordered to Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, on 22 May, 1861, dated 4 May, 1861, and arrived on 29 May, 1861. He arrived at Camp Brady/ Miles, M Harchelford's farm, east of the Franklin Railroad, two miles southwest of Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 8 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Company K. Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, was ordered to proceed by the Cumberland Valley Railroad to Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Companies C and K; the 3rd United States Infantry, Companies B, D, G, H, and K; and the 8th United States Infantry, Company G. He arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, and Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 1 AM on 20 June, 1861.

Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army: L Blenker was appointed colonel, 8th New York Infantry, on 31 May, 1861, and brigadier general of volunteers by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 9 August, 1861.

Organisation of Colonel Blenker's brigade, Division of the Potomac, 4 August, 1861: Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry; 8th New York Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel J H Stahel; 29th New York Infantry, Colonel A Von Steinwehr; 39th New York Infantry, Colonel F G D'Utassy; 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Colonel M Einstein

Note: The 39th New York Infantry was assigned to Colonel L Blenker's brigade, Division of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 4 August, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.57: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp426-428
Colonel L Blenker, First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, dated Roach’s Mills (old cotton factory), Alexandria County, Virginia, 4 August, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.56: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp422-426
Colonel D S Miles, Second United States Infantry, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, dated 17 July, 1861; Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 19 July, 1861; in the vicinity of Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, 24 July, 1861