The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Fifth Division

Colonel F G D'Utassy, 39th New York Infantry

Colonel F G D'Utassy, 39th New York Infantry

Thirty-ninth New York Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three years 28 May, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 30 May, 1861. Not engaged in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL F G D'UTASSY
F G D'Utassy was appointed colonel, 39th New York Infantry, on 14 September, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL A REPETTI
A Repetti was appointed lieutenant colonel, 39th New York Infantry, on 14 September, 1861, dated 6 June, 1861, and was discharged on 19 June, 1861.

MAJOR G E WARING, JR.
G E Waring, Jr., was mustered in United States service as major (in the field), 39th New York Infantry, on 6 June, 1861, and was discharged on 3 August, 1861. Major (commandong the depot) L W Tinelli, 39th New York Infantry, resigned on 10 June, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, 90th New York Infantry, on 6 December, 1861.

Company A: CAPT. C SCHWARz
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 1 May, 1861, and C Schwarz was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company A, on 14 September, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. A H VON UNWERTH
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 10 May, 1861, and A H Von Unwerth was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company B, on 28 May, 1861. Captain A H Von Unwerth, 39th New York Infantry, Company B, was discharged on 28 August, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. C OSNAGHI
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on (?) May, 1861, and C Osnaghi was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company C, on 28 May, 1861. Captain C Osnaghi, 39th New York Infantry, Company C, was discharged on 29 August, 1861.
Company D (1st): CAPT. J SCHMDT
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on (?) May, 1861, and J Schimdt was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company D (1st), on 28 May, 1861. The muster in was revoked and First Lieutenant J B Jünger, 39th New York Infantry, Company F, was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company D, on 14 September, dated 28 August, 1861. The company was mustered out at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 24 June, 1864.
Company D (2nd): CAPT. P A Field
The company was mustered in United States service at Hart ('s) Island, on Long Island Sound, one and a half miles east of Pelham, Westchester County, New York, for one year on 30 September, 1864, and P A Field was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company D (2nd), on 17 December, 1861, dated 21 September, 1861. P A Field, 39th New York Infantry, Company D (2nd), was discharged on 19 December, 1864, dated 13 December, 1864.
Company E: CAPT. J SIEG(e)L
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 1 May, 1861 and J Sieg(e)l was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company E, on 28 May, 1861. Captain J Sieg(e)l, 39th New York Infantry, Company E, was discharged on 26 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant W Robitsek, 39th New York Infantry, Company E, was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company E, on 14 September, dated 28 August, 1861.
Company F: CAPT. F TAKATS
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on (?) May, 1861, and F Takats was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company F, on 28 May, 1861. The company declined to drill on 8 July, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., in the evening the same day. The company arrived at the public grounds on the east side of the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 12 AM on 9 July, 1861, and was arrested by a company of the United States infantry, the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G and H, and the President's Mounted Guard, the same day. The company was imprisoned at the Treasury building, on Fifteenth Street, Washington, D. C., on 9 July, 1861, and Captain F Takats was discharged on 19 November, 1861.
Company G: CAPT. L TASSILLIER
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 27 April, 1861, and L Tassillier was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company G, on 28 May, 1861. Captain L Tassillier, 39th New York Infantry, Company G, was dishonourably discharged on 27 August, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. O BERNSTEIN
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 17 May, 1861, and O Bernstein was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company H, on 28 May, 1861. Captain O Bernstein was discharged on 27 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant B Baer, 39th New York Infantry, Company H, was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company H, on 25 July, 1861.
Company I: CAPT. J TORRENS
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on (?) May, 1861, and J Torrens appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company I), on 14 September, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861. Captain J Torrens, 39th New York Infantry, Company I, was discharged on 21 December, 1861.
Company K: CAPT. C WIEGAND
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 3 May, 1861, and C Wiegand was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company K, on 28 May, 1861. Captain C Wiegand, 39th New York Infantry, Company K, was appointed major, 39th New York Infantry, on 14 September, dated 28 August, 1861.
Detachment of pioneers
A detachment of fourteen men and a corporal of the 39th New York Infantry was assigned to First Lieutenant F E Prime, United States Corps Engineers, prior to the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.

Sources

"The Union Defence Committee ordered the ninth regiment and Colonel Belnker's German Rifles to depart for Washington on Monday. They left Jersey City at six o'clock last evening by railroad. The seventy-ninth regiment, (Highlander's,) Lieutenant Elliott, and the Garibaldi Guards, Colonel D'Utassy, will leave at the same time, and by the same route today."

The National Republican, 29 May, 1861 - Regiments ordered off

"About 12 o'clock last night, the Garibaldi Guard, Col. Geo. d'Utassy, arrived here direct from New York, numbering 1,050 officers and men. They are dressed in Chasseur jacket, and Zouave pants of dark blue, trimmed with red cord and facings, black leggings and Garibaldi hats with black feathers."

The Evening Star, 30 May, 1861 - More troops - The Garibaldi Guard arrive

"The Garibaldi Guards have gone into camp on the Eastern Branch, near Benning's Bridge, on this side of the river."

The National Republican, 5 June, 1861 - The Garibaldians go into camp

"Among the recruits for the various regiments here, which will probably arrive this morning, are forty recruits for the second New York regiment, now encamped at Ball's Crossroads, and forty recruits for the Highlanders. A detachment of sappers and miners, and a large body of recruits for the Garibaldi Guard, who have all been recruited in New York city, within the past week, are also expected today. One hundred men, one hundred and twenty horses, and a number of ambulances, for the second Maine regiment, now stationed over the river, will also arrive today."

The National Republican, 8 July, 1861 - Recruits on the way

"The battery near the road from Fairfax Court House having been examined by Colonel Miles, the pioneers of the Garibaldi Guard were directed to construct a (redoubt) with two embrasures, so as to sweep the old Braddock road, and resist any attempt to outflank us from the left, by Union Mills road or road from Gaines' Ford."

Official Report, First Lieutenant F. E. Prime, U.S. Corps of Engineers

"Farther back along the same road, Lieutenant Frederick E Prime, US Engineers, oversaw the pioneers of the Garibaldi Guard, or 39th New York Infantry, as they constructed a redoubt with two embrasures. According to Prime, this work would sweep the Old Braddock road, and resist any attempt to outflank us from the left, by Union Mills road or road from Gaines' Ford."

American Civil War fortifications No.2: Land and field fortifications, by Ron Field and illustrated by Peter Dennis

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 3, by Frederick Phisterer

Notes

The 39th New York Infantry was organised at New York City, New York County, New York, on 28 May, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the call for 42,034 volunteers to serve three years, unless sooner discharged, on 28 May, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861.

Note: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed at No.596 Broadway, on the corner of Houston Street, New York City, New York County, New York, on 14 May, 1861.

Accepted in state service, New York City, New York County, New York, 27 April-(?) May, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry, Ccompany G, was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 27 April, 1861; Companies A and E on 1 May, 1861; Company K on 3 May, 1861; Company B on 10 May, 1861; Company H on 17 May, 1861; and Companies C, D, F, and I, on (?) May, 1861.

Lafayette Place, New York City, New York County, New York, 23 May, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Lafayette Place, New York City, New York County, New York, at 1 PM on 23 May, 1861.

Organisation of 39th New York Infantry (830), 28 May, 1861: Colonel F G D'Utassy, Lieutenant Colonel A Repetti, Major (commanding the depot) L W Finelli, Major (in the field) G E Waring, Jr.; Company A (80), Captain C Schwarz; Company B (84), Captain A H von Unwerth; Company C (86), Captain C Osnaghi; Company D (76), Captain J Schmidt; Company E (80), Captain J Sieg(e)l; Company F (85), Captain F Takats; Company G (92), Captain L Tassillier; Company H (78), Captain O Bernstein; Company I (85), Captain J Torrens; Company K (90), Captain C Wiegand

No.596 Broadway, on the corner of Houston Street, New York City, New York County, New York, to Washington, D. C., 28-30 May, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry (939/1,050) was ordered to proceed by ferry on the North or Hudson River at Jersey City Ferry Terminal, on Courtlandt Street, New York City, New York County, New York, to Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, at 6 PM on 28 May, 1861, and proceeded by the New Jersey Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 9 PM the same day. The regiment arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 3 AM on 29 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 5.30 AM the same day. The 39th New York Infantry arrived at President Street Station, on President Street, Baltimore City, Maryland, at 6 PM on 29 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 8 PM the same day. The regiment arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 12 AM on 30 May, 1861.

Vicinity of City Hall, on Indiana Avenue, south of Judiciary Square, Washington, D. C., 30 May, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed in the vicinity of City Hall, on Indiana Avenue, south of Judiciary Square, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 30 May, 1861.

Note: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed at Capitol Hill, east of the Capital building, between East Capitol and First Streets, in the vicinity of the Congressional Burying Ground, between E and G Streets and Eighteenth and Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., between 1 June and 4 July, 1861.

Mustered in three years, Washington, D. C., 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Army, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861.

Note: Major L W Tinelli, 39th New York Infantry, resigned at Washington, D. C., on 10 June, 1861.

Eastern Branch of the Potomac or Anacostia River, northeast of the Congressional burying ground, on E Street, between Eighteenth & Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., 26 June, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed on the Eastern Branch of the Potomac or Anacostia River, northeast of the Congressional burying ground, on E Street, between Eighteenth and Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., on 26 June, 1861.

Note: The 37th New York Infantry was stationed on the Eastern Branch of the Potomac or Anacostia River, on East Capitol Street, half a mile northeast of the Congressional burying ground, on E Street, between Eighteenth and Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., and the 12th New York Infantry at East Capitol Street, three quarters of a mile southwest of Benning's or Anacostia Bridge, on the Eastern Branch of the Potomac or Anacostia River, D. C., on 26 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 3 July, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry, the 29th New York Infantry, and the 39th New York Infantry were assigned to Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Eastern Branch of the Potomac or Anacostia River, northeast of the Congressional burying ground, on E Street, between Eighteenth & Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., to Abingdon House or B W Hunter's Farm, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria & Washington Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, 5 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington D. C., to Abingdon House or B W Hunter's Farm, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria & Washington Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Grinnell, Abingdon House or B W Hunter's Farm, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria & Washington Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: A detachment of the 39th New York Infantry(67), Company F, under the command of Captain F Takats, was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 7.30 PM on 8 July, 1861, and was arrested at the corner of Maryland Avenue and Twelfth Street, Washington, D. C., by a company of United States Infantry, the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G and H, and the President's Mounted Guards in the morning on 9 July, 1861. A detachment of the 39th New York Infantry arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., in the evening on 9 July, 1861, and Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, set up headquarters First (German) Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, at Abingdon House or B W Hunter's Farm, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria & Washington Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861.

Abingdon House or B W Hunter's Farm, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria & Washington Turnpike, Alexandria County, to F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road & Accotink Turnpike, one & a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, 13 July, 1861, dated 12 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Alexandria & Washington Turnpike to Alexandria,Virginia, at 6.30 AM on 13 July, 1861, dated 12 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Grinnell, F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road and Accotink Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day.

Disposition of the First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, 15 July, 1861: Headquarters, First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road and Accotink Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Virginia; 8th New York Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel J Stahel, F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road and Accotink Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Virginia; 29th New York Infantry, Colonel A Von Steinwehr, F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road and Accotink Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Virginia; 39th New York Infantry, Colonel F G D'Utassy, F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road and Accotink Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Virginia; 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Colonel M Einstein, F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road and Accotink Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Virginia

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Little River Turnpike to Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived in the vicinity of W Garges sawmill, one mile east of Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 11.30 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the old Braddock Road to W Farr's Crossroads, one and a quarter miles south of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 AM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived at 1.30 PM the same day. The 39th New York Infantry was ordered proceed by the old Braddock Road to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Little Rocky Run, south of the old Braddock Road, one mile southeast of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day.

South of the road between Centreville & Fairfax Courthouse, on the heights east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed south of the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, on the heights east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to the Warrenton Turnpike, one and a half miles west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861, and to Washington, D. C., at 12 AM on 22 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Washington, D. C., via Fairfax Courthouse and Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day.

Note: The 8th New York Infantry was stationed on the Warrenton Turnpike, one and a half miles west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, and the 29th New York Infantry on the Warrenton Turnpike, half a mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia, 26 July, 1861, dated 24 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., to Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 26 July, 1861, dated 24 July, 1861.

Mustered out, New York City, New York County, New York, 24 June, 1864 & 7 June & 1 July, 1865: The 39th New York Infantry was consolidated as Companies A, B, C, and D on 31 May, 1863, and Company E was organised on 8 December, 1863; Company F on 14 December, 1863; Company G on 19 December, 1863; Company H on 30 December, 1863; and Companies I and K in January 1864. The 39th New York Infantry, Companies A, B, C, and D, were mustered out at New York City, New York County, New York, on 24 June, 1864, and Company D (2nd), under the command of Captain P A Field, was mustered in United States service at Hart ('s) Island, Long Island Sound, one and a half miles east of Pelham, Westchester County, New York, for one year on 30 September, 1864. The 39th New York Infantry, Company D (2nd), under the command of First Lieutenant K Van Rensselaer, was mustered out at Alexandria, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 7 June, 1865, and Companies E, F, G, H, I, and K, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel A Funk, at New York City, New York County, New York, on 1 July, 1865.

Note: Men of the 39th New York Battalion Infantry not entitled to be mustered out were assigned to the 185th New York Infantry on 2 June, 1865.

Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army: Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, was stationed at Fort Kearney, on the Platte River, Nebraska Territory, on 14 April, 1861, and was ordered to Fort Leavenworth, on the Missouri River, four miles north of Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 15 April, 1861. He was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Companies E and F, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, on the Missouri River, four miles north of Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, in the afternoon on 29 April, 1861. Colonel D S Miles was ordered to Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, on 22 May, 1861, dated 4 May, 1861, and arrived on 29 May, 1861. He arrived at Camp Brady or Miles, in the vicinity of M Harchelford's Farm, on the Franklin Railroad, two miles southwest of Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 8 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Company K. Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, was ordered to proceed by the Cumberland Valley Railroad to Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Companies C and K; the 3rd United States Infantry, Companies B, D, G, H, and K; and the 8th United States Infantry, Company G. He arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, and Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 1 AM on 20 June, 1861.

Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army: L Blenker was appointed colonel, 8th New York Infantry, on 31 May, 1861, and brigadier general of volunteers by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 9 August, 1861.

Organisation of Colonel Blenker's brigade, Division of the Potomac, 4 August, 1861: Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry; 8th New York Infantry, 29th New York Infantry, 39th New York Infantry, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry

Note: The 39th New York Infantry was assigned to Colonel L Blenker's brigade, Division of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 4 August, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.57: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp426-428
Colonel L Blenker, First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, dated Roach’s Mills (old cotton factory), Alexandria County, Virginia, 4 August, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.56: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp422-426
Colonel D S Miles, Second United States Infantry, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, dated 17 July, 1861; Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 19 July, 1861; in the vicinity of Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, 24 July, 1861