The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Fifth Division

Colonel F G D'Utassy, 39th New York Infantry

Colonel F G D'Utassy, 39th New York Infantry

Thirty-ninth New York Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three years 28 May, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 30 May, 1861. Not engaged in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL F G D'UTASSY
F G D'Utassy was appointed colonel, 39th New York Infantry, on 14 September, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL A REPETTI
A Repetti was appointed lieutenant colonel, 39th New York Infantry, on 14 September, 1861, dated 6 June, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel A Repetti was discharged on 19 June, 1861.

MAJOR G E WARING, JR.
Major L W Tinelli resigned on 10 June, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, 90th New York Infantry, on 6 December, 1861. G E Waring, Jr., was mustered in United States service as major, 39th New York Infantry, on 6 June, 1861, and was discharged on 3 August, 1861.

Company A: CAPT. C SCHWARz
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 1 May, 1861, and C Schwarz was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company A, on 14 September, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. A H VON UNWERTH
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 10 May, 1861, and A H Von Unwerth was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company B, on 28 May, 1861. Captain A H Von Unwerth, 39th New York Infantry, Company B, was discharged on 28 August, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. C OSNAGHI
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, in May 1861 and C Osnaghi was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company C, on 28 May, 1861. Captain C Osnaghi, 39th New York Infantry, Company C, was discharged on 29 August, 1861.
Company D (1st): CAPT. J B JÜnger
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, in May 1861 and J Schimdt was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company D (1st), on 28 May, 1861. The muster in was revoked and First Lieutenant J B Jünger, 39th New York Infantry, Company F, was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company D, on 14 September, dated 28 August, 1861, and the company was mustered out at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 24 June, 1864.
Company D (2nd): CAPT. P A Field
The company was mustered in United States service at Hart ('s) Island, Long Island Sound, near Pelham, Westchester County, New York, for one year on 30 September, 1864, and P A Field was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company D (2nd), on 17 December, 1861, dated 21 September, 1861. P A Field, 39th New York Infantry, Company D (2nd), was discharged on 19 December, 1864, dated 13 December, 1864.
Company E: CAPT. J SIEGeL
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 1 May, 1861 and J Siegel was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company E, on 28 May, 1861. Captain J Siegel was discharged on 26 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant W Robitsek, 39th New York Infantry, Company E, was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company E, on 14 September, dated 28 August, 1861.
Company F: CAPT. F TAKATS
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, in May 1861 and F Takats was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company F, on 28 May, 1861. The company declined to drill on 8 July, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., in the evening the same day. The company arrived at the public grounds near the the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 12 AM on 9 July, 1861, and was arrested by a company of the United States infantry, the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G and H, and the President's Mounted Guard, the same day. The company was imprisoned at the Treasury Building, Washington, D. C., on 9 July, 1861, and Captain F Takats was discharged on 19 November, 1861.
Company G: CAPT. L TASSILLIER
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 27 April, 1861, and L Tassillier was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company G, on 28 May, 1861. Captain L Tassillier, 39th New York Infantry, Company G, was dishonourably discharged on 27 August, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. O BERNSTEIN
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 17 May, 1861, and O Bernstein was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company H, on 28 May, 1861. Captain O Bernstein was discharged on 27 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant B Baer, 39th New York Infantry, Company H, was appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company H, on 25 July, 1861.
Company I: CAPT. J TORRENS
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, in May 1861 and J Torrens appointed captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company I), on 14 September, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861. Captain J Torrens, 39th New York Infantry, Company I, was discharged on 21 December, 1861.
Company K: CAPT. C WIEGAND
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 3 May, 1861, and C Wiegand was mustered in United States service as captain, 39th New York Infantry, Company K, on 28 May, 1861. Captain C Wiegand, 39th New York Infantry, Company K, was appointed major, 39th New York Infantry, on 14 September, dated 28 August, 1861.
Detachment of pioneers
A detachment of fourteen men and a corporal of the 39th New York Infantry was assigned to First Lieutenant F E Prime, United States Corps Engineers, prior to the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.

Sources

"The Union Defence Committee ordered the ninth regiment and Colonel Belnker's German Rifles to depart for Washington on Monday. They left Jersey City at six o'clock last evening by railroad. The seventy-ninth regiment, (Highlander's,) Lieutenant Elliott, and the Garibaldi Guards, Colonel D'Utassy, will leave at the same time, and by the same route today."

The National Republican, 29 May, 1861 - Regiments ordered off

"About 12 o'clock last night, the Garibaldi Guard, Col. Geo. d'Utassy, arrived here direct from New York, numbering 1,050 officers and men. They are dressed in Chasseur jacket, and Zouave pants of dark blue, trimmed with red cord and facings, black leggings and Garibaldi hats with black feathers."

The Evening Star, 30 May, 1861 - More troops - The Garibaldi Guard arrive

"The battery near the road from Fairfax Court House having been examined by Colonel Miles, the pioneers of the Garibaldi Guard were directed to construct a (redoubt) with two embrasures, so as to sweep the old Braddock road, and resist any attempt to outflank us from the left, by Union Mills road or road from Gaines' Ford."

Official Report, First Lieutenant F. E. Prime, U.S. Corps of Engineers

"Farther back along the same road, Lieutenant Frederick E Prime, US Engineers, oversaw the pioneers of the Garibaldi Guard, or 39th New York Infantry, as they constructed a redoubt with two embrasures. According to Prime, this work would sweep the Old Braddock road, and resist any attempt to outflank us from the left, by Union Mills road or road from Gaines' Ford."

American Civil War fortifications No.2: Land and field fortifications, by Ron Field and illustrated by Peter Dennis

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 3, by Frederick Phisterer

Notes

The 39th New York Infantry was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 27 May, 1861.

Note: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, under the call for 42,034 troops to serve three years by President A Lincoln on 3 May, 1861.

Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, to Washington, D. C., 28-30 May, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by ferry across the Hudson River to Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, via Cortlandt Sreet Ferry Terminal, Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, at 6 PM on 28 May, 1861, and proceeded by the New Jersey Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 8 PM the same day. The regiment arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Tenton, Mercer County, New Jersey; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Baltimore City and Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 12 AM on 30 May, 1861.

City Hall, on Louisiana & Indiana Avenues, at the north end of Four & a Half Street, Washington, D. C., 30 May, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed near City Hall, on Louisiana and Indiana Avenues, at the north end of Four and a Half Street, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 30 May, 1861.

Mustered in three years, Washington, D. C., 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was mustered in United States service for three years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General W D Whipple, United States Army, on 6 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861.

Note: Major L W Tinelli, 39th New York Infantry, resigned at Washington, D. C., on 10 June, 1861.

Congressional Burying Ground, between E & G Streets & Eighteenth & Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., 26 June, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was stationed near the Congressional Burying Ground, between E and G Streets and Eighteenth and Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., on 26 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 3 July, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry, the 29th New York Infantry, and the 39th New York Infantry were assigned to Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Congressional Burying Ground, between E & G Streets & Eighteenth & Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., to Alexandria, Virginia, 13 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered by steamer across the Potomac River to Alexandria,Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Grinnell, near Alexandria, Virginia, the same day.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Little River Turnpike to Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to the Old Braddock Road in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and arrived at Farr's Crossroads, near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1.30 PM the same day. The 39th New York Infantry arrived near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, in the evening on 17 July, 1861, and was ordered proceed by the Old Braddock Road to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861. The regiment encamped near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Heights east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered to the heights east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861, and was assigned as a reserve on the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the 39th New York Infantry was ordered to the Warrenton Turnpike, between Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, and Cub Run, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861, and proceeded to Washington, D. C., at 12 AM on 22 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Washington, D. C., via Fairfax Courthouse and Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day.

Washington, D. C., to Roach's Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, 26 July, 1861: The 39th New York Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., by Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., to Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), Alexandria County, Virginia, on 26 July, 1861, dated 24 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th New York Infantry and the 29th New York Infantry.

Mustered out, Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 24 June, 1864 & 7 June & 1 July, 1865: The 39th New York Infantry was consolidated as Companies A, B, C, and D on 31 May, 1863, and Company E was organised on 8 December, 1863; Company F on 14 December, 1863; Company G on 19 December, 1863; Company H on 30 December, 1863; and Companies I and K in January 1864. The 39th New York Infantry, Companies A, B, C, and D, were mustered out at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 24 June, 1864, and Company D (2nd), under the command of Captain P A Field, was mustered in United States service at Hart ('s) Island, Long Island Sound, near Pelham, Westchester County, New York, for one year on 30 September, 1864. The 39th New York Infantry, Company D (2nd), under the command of First Lieutenant K Van Rensselaer, was mustered out at Alexandria, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 7 June, 1865, and Companies E, F, G, H, I, and K, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel A Funk, at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 1 July, 1865.

Note: Men of the 39th New York Battalion Infantry not entitled to be mustered out were assigned to the 185th New York Infantry on 2 June, 1865.

Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army: Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, was stationed at Fort Kearney, on the Platte River, Nebraska Territory, on 14 April, 1861, and was ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 15 April, 1861. He was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Companies E and F, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, in the afternoon on 29 April, 1861. Colonel D S Miles was ordered to Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, on 22 May, 1861, dated 4 May, 1861, and arrived on 29 May, 1861. He arrived at Camp Brady, near Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 8 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Company K. Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, was ordered to proceed by the Cumberland Valley Railroad to Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Companies C and K; the 3rd United States Infantry, Companies B, D, G, H, and K; and the 8th United States Infantry, Company G. He arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, and Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 1 AM on 20 June, 1861.

Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army: L Blenker was appointed colonel, 8th New York Infantry, on 31 May, 1861, and brigadier general of volunteers by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 9 August, 1861.

Organisation of Colonel Blenker's brigade, Division of the Potomac, 4 August, 1861: Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry; 8th New York Infantry, 29th New York Infantry, 39th New York Infantry, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry

Note: The 39th New York Infantry was assigned to Colonel L Blenker's brigade, Division of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 4 August, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.57: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp426-428
Colonel L Blenker, First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, dated Roach’s Mills (old cotton factory), Alexandria County, Virginia, 4 August, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.56: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp422-426
Colonel D S Miles, Second United States Infantry, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, dated 17 July, 1861; Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 19 July, 1861; near Alexandria, Virginia, 24 July, 1861