The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Fifth Division

Lieutenant Colonel J Stahel, 8th New York Infantry

Lieutenant Colonel J Stahel, 8th New York Infantry

Eighth New York Infantry

Mustered in United States service for two years 23 April, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 28 May, 1861. Not engaged in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL L BLENKER
L Blenker was appointed colonel, 8th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 13 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, on 8 July, 1861. Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, was discharged on 10 August, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J STAHEL
J Stahel was appointed lieutenant colonel, 8th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 13 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the 8th New York Infantry on 8 July, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel J Stahel, 8th New York Infantry, was mustered in United States service as colonel, 8th New York Infantry, on 11 August, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 8th New York Infantry, on 27 August, 1861, dated 10 August, 1861. Colonel J Stahel, 8th New York Infantry, was discharged on 15 November, 1861.

MAJOR A LUTZ
A Lutz was appointed major, 8th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 13 May, 1861, and resigned on 5 August, 1861. Captain F Wutschel, 8th New York Infantry, company K, was mustered in United States service as major, 8th New York Infantry, on 5 August, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, 8th New York Infantry, on 27 August, 1861, dated 10 August, 1861.

Company A: CAPT. H HAMMERSTEIN
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and H Hammerstein was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company A, on 4 July, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861. Captain H Hammerstein, 8th New York Infantry, Company A, was assigned as staff to Major General G B McClellan, United States Army, on 15 August, 1861, and was discharged on 20 September, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. A POKORNY
The company was accepted and mustered in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and A Pokorny was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company B, on 4 July, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. F M STUMPF
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and F M Stumpf was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company A, on 4 July, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861. Captain F M Stumpf, 8th New York Infantry, Company C, resigned on 10 August, 1861.
Company D: CAPT. W KERNER
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and C Rust was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company D, on 4 July, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861. Captain C Rust, 8th New York Infantry, Company D, resigned on 15 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant W Kerner, 8th New York Infantry, Company D, was appointed captain on 16 July, 1861. Captain W Kerner, 8th New York Infantry, Company D, was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company A, on 14 September, 1861.
Company E: CAPT. S VON FORSTNER
The company was accepted and mustered in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and S von Forstner was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company E, on 4 July, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861.
Company F: CAPT. A HERTZBERG
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and F Gellman was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company F, on 4 July, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861. Captain F Gellman, 8th New York Infantry, Company F, resigned on 15 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant A Hertzberg, 8th New York Infantry, Company C, was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company F, on 16 July, 1861.
Company G: CAPT. A E THUM
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, on 23 April, 1861, and A E Thum was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company G, on 4 July, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861. Captain A E Thum, 8th New York Infantry, Company G, resigned on 25 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant & Adjutant J Trzeciak, 8th New York Infantry, was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company G, on 1 August, 1861, dated 25 July, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. M KRON
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, on 23 April, 1861, and M Kron was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company H, on 4 July, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861. Captain M Kron, 8th New York Infantry, Company H, was mustered in United States service as major, 8th New York Infantry, on 11 August, 1861, and was appointed major, 8th New York Infantry, on 27 August, 1861, dated 5 August, 1861.
Company I: CAPT. C B HEDTERICH
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and C B Hedterich was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company I, on 4 July, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861.
Company K Artillery Corps: CAPT. F WUTSCHEL
The company was accepted and mustered in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and F Wutschel was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company K, on 4 July, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861. Captain F Wutschel, 8th New York Infantry, company K, was mustered in United States service as major, 8th New York Infantry, on 5 August, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel on 27 August, 1861, dated 10 August, 1861. First Lieutenant W Schu(h)macher, 8th New York Infantry, Company K, was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Company K, on 25 July, 1861.
Engineer Corps: First Lt. W Schu(H)macher
The company was organised with twenty men, under the command of First Lieutenant W Schu(h)macher, 8th New York Infantry, Company K, prior to the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.
Independent Company: CAPT. H FOERSTER
The company was mustered in United States service with three years men, under the command of First Lieutenant H Foerster, 8th New York Infantry, Company B, on 23 April, 1863, and First Lieutenant H Foerster, 8th New York Infantry, Independent Company, was appointed captain, 8th New York Infantry, Independent Company, on 3 August, 1862.. The company was assigned to the 68th New York Infantry on 5 April, 1864.

Sources

"The Union Defence Committee ordered the ninth regiment and Colonel Belnker's German Rifles to depart for Washington on Monday. They left Jersey City at six o'clock last evening by railroad. The seventy-ninth regiment, (Highlander's,) Lieutenant Elliott, and the Garibaldi Guards, Colonel D'Utassy, will leave at the same time, and by the same route today."

The National Republican, 29 May, 1861 - Regiments ordered off

"The eighth regiment New York volunteers, Col. Blenker, broke their camp, near the Park, yesterday morning, and marched over into 'Dixie'."

The National Republican, 11 July, 1861 - Gone to Virginia

"Company K is the artillery corps, and its captain (Wutschell) has had considerable experience in the Austrian Army."

Rebellion Record: Document 203, Eighth N.Y.S.V., New York Tribune, 1861

"The regiment encamped at Miller's farm, near Washington, and while at this point was recruited up to 1,040."

Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, Eighty-ninth session, 1866, Volume 4, Nos. 61 to 85 inclusive, by New York Legislature Assembly

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 3, by Frederick Phisterer.

Notes

The 8th New York Infantry was accepted in state service on 23 April, 1861, and was organised at New York City, New York County, New York, on 8 May, 1861.

Accepted in state service, New York City, New York County, New York, 23 April, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, and K, were accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 23 April, 1861.

Mustered in two years, Palace Garden, on West Fourteenth Street, between Sixth & Seventh Avenues, New York City, New York County, New York, 23 April, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry was mustered in United States service for two years at Palace Garden, on West Fourteenth Street, between Sixth and Seventh Avenues, New York City, New York County, New York, by Captain S B Hayman, 7th United States Infantry, Company C, on 23 April, 1861.

Palace Garden, on West Fourteenth Street, between Sixth & Seventh Avenues, New York City, New York County, New York, to Washington, D. C., 27-28 May, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry (804/1,046) was ordered to proceed by ferry on the North or Hudson River at Jersey City Ferry Terminal, on Courtlandt Sreet, New York City, New York County, New York, to Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, at 6 PM on 27 May, 1861, and proceeded by the New Jersey Railroad to Washington, D. C., the same day. The regiment arrived by the Philadelphia & Trenton Railroad at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, via Tenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the morning on 28 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad to Baltimore City, Maryland, the same day. The 8th New York Infantry arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Baltimore City and Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 5 PM on 28 May, 1861.

Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., 28 May, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry was stationed on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., on 28 May, 1861.

Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, to C Miller's Farm, at the junction of New Jersey Avenue & Boundary Street, Washington, D. C., 8 June, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry was ordered to C Miller's Farm, at the junction of New Jersey Avenue and Boundary Street, Washington, D. C., in the afternoon on 8 June, 1861.

Note: A detachment of the 8th New York Infantry (200) arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., on 19 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 3 July, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry, the 29th New York Infantry, and the 39th New York Infantry were assigned to Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 3 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

C Miller's Farm, at the junction of New Jersey Avenue & Boundary Street, Washington, D. C., to Summer Hill, north of Abingdon House or B W Hunter's Farm, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria & Washington Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, 10 July, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., to Summer Hill, north of Abingdon House or B W Hunter's Farm, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria & Washington Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, in the morning on 10 July, 1861.

Note: Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, set up headquarters First (German) Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, at Abingdon House or B W Hunter's Farm, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria & Washington Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861.

Abingdon House or B W Hunter's Farm, a quarter of a mile east of the Alexandria & Washington Turnpike, Alexandria County, to F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road & Accotink Turnpike, one & a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Virginia, 13 July, 1861, dated 12 July, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Alexandria & Washington Turnpike to F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road and Accotink Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Virginia, at 6.30 AM on 13 July, 1861, dated 12 July, 1861.

Disposition of the First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, 15 July, 1861: Headquarters, First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road and Accotink Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Virginia; 8th New York Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel J Stahel, F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road and Accotink Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Virginia; 29th New York Infantry, Colonel A Von Steinwehr, F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road and Accotink Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Virginia; 39th New York Infantry, Colonel F G D'Utassy, F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road and Accotink Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Virginia; 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Colonel M Einstein, F Johnson's Farm, between the old Telegraph Road and Accotink Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Alexandria, Virginia

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Little River Turnpike to Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived in the vicinity of W Garges sawmill, one mile east of Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 11.30 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the old Braddock Road to W Farr's Crossroads, one and a quarter miles south of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 AM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived at 1.30 PM the same day. The 8th New York Infantry was ordered proceed by the old Braddock Road to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Little Rocky Run, south of the old Braddock Road, one mile southeast of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day.

Note: Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to return the six 6 pounder smoothbores to the United States Ordnance Department at 10 PM on 20 July, 1861, and was ordered to return to Washington, D. C., at 1 AM on 21 July, 1861 (See Varian's Light Artillery). The six 6 pounder smoothbores were assigned to a detachment of the 8th New York Infantry and the 29th New York Infantry, Company H, under the command of Captain C Bookwood, 29th New York Infantry, Company H, in the morning the same day (See Bookwood's Independent Light Artillery).

North of the road between Centreville & Fairfax Courthouse, on the heights east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry was stationed north of the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, on the heights east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry was ordered to the Warrenton Turnpike, one and a half miles west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861, and to Washington, D. C., at 12 AM on 22 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Washington, D. C., via Fairfax Courthouse and Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day.

Note: The 29th New York Infantry was stationed on the Warrenton Turnpike, half mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, and the 39th New York Infantry as a reserve at the rear of the 29th New York Infantry in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia, 26 July, 1861, dated 24 July, 1861: The 8th New York Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., to Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 26 July, 1861, dated 24 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, 9 June, 1863: The three years' men of the 8th New York Infantry were assigned as the 8th New York Infantry, Independent Company, on 22 April, 1863, and was assigned to Headquarters, Ninth Corps, Army of the Potomac, as Provost Guard between 22 April, 1863, and 5 April, 1864. The 8th New York Infantry was mustered out at Brooke's Station, Stafford County, Virginia, on 9 June, 1863, and the 8th New York Infantry, Independent Company, was assigned to the 68th New York Infantry on 5 April, 1864.

Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army: Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, was stationed at Fort Kearney, on the Platte River, Nebraska Territory, on 14 April, 1861, and was ordered to Fort Leavenworth, on the Missouri River, four miles north of Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 15 April, 1861. He was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Companies E and F, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, on the Missouri River, four miles north of Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, in the afternoon on 29 April, 1861. Colonel D S Miles was ordered to Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, on 22 May, 1861, dated 4 May, 1861, and arrived on 29 May, 1861. He arrived at Camp Brady or Miles, in the vicinity of M Harchelford's Farm, on the Franklin Railroad, two miles southwest of Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 8 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Company K. Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, was ordered to proceed by the Cumberland Valley Railroad to Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Companies C and K; the 3rd United States Infantry, Companies B, D, G, H, and K; and the 8th United States Infantry, Company G. He arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, and Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 1 AM on 20 June, 1861.

Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army: L Blenker was appointed colonel, 8th New York Infantry, on 31 May, 1861, and brigadier general of volunteers by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 9 August, 1861.

Organisation of Colonel Blenker's brigade, Division of the Potomac, 4 August, 1861: Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry; 8th New York Infantry, 29th New York Infantry, 39th New York Infantry, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry

Note: The 8th New York Infantry was assigned to Colonel L Blenker's brigade, Division of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 4 August, 1861.

Report

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.57: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp426-428
Colonel L Blenker, First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, dated Roach’s Mills (old cotton factory), Alexandria County, Virginia, 4 August, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.56: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp422-426
Colonel D S Miles, Second United States Infantry, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, dated 17 July, 1861; Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 19 July, 1861; in the vicinity of Alexandria, Virginia, 24 July, 1861