The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Fifth Division

Colonel M Einstein, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry

Colonel M Einstein, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry

Twenty-seventh Pennsylvania Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three years 31 May and 1, 3, and 4, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 18 June, 1861. Not engaged in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL M EINSTEIN
First Lieutenant M Einstein, 1st Regiment, Washington Guards, was appointed colonel, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 31 May, 1861, and was discharged on 2 October, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL C ANGEROTH
Colonel C Angeroth, 2nd Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 31 May, 1861, and resigned on 7 September, 1861.

MAJOR W SCHOENLEBER
Lieutenant Colonel W Schoenleber, 2nd Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, was appointed major, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, on 31 May, 1861, and resigned on 3 September, 1861.

Company A: CAPT. R Rodelsheimer
The company was accepted in state service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 5 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service on 31 May, 1861. Captain R Rodelsheimer was discharged on 25 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant H A Vogelbach, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company D, was appointed captain, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company A, on 1 November, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. W JATHO
The company was accepted in state service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 5 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service on 31 May, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. C Angeroth
The company was accepted in state service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 5 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service on 1 June, 1861.
Company D: CAPT. J KIEFER
The company was accepted in state service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 5 May, 1861, and Captain J Kieffer, 2nd Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, was appointed captain, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company D, on 1 June, 1861. The company was mustered in United States service on 1 June, 1861, and Captain J Kieffer resigned on 31 August, 1861.
Company E: CAPT. A N Kidney
The company was accepted in state service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 5 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service on 3 June, 1861. Captain A N Kidney resigned on 13 September, 1861, and First Lieutenant H Rothe, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company H, was appointed captain, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company E, on 14 September, 1861.
Company F Harrison Guards: CAPT. C SPERING
The company was accepted in state service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 5 May, 1861 and was mustered in United States service on 1 June, 1861.
Company G: CAPT. J harvey
The company was accepted in state service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 5 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service on 1 August, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. R E Vogel
The company was accepted in state service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 5 May, 1861, and Captain R E Vogel, 2nd Regiment Infantry, Company D, Washington Guards, was appointed captain, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company H, on 1 June, 1861. The company was mustered in United States service on 1 June, 1861, and Captain R E Vogel was discharged on 31 August, 1861.
Company I: CAPT. J M LANG
The company was accepted in state service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 5 May, 1861, and was mustered in United States service on 1 June, 1861.
Company K: CAPT. H MENNINGER
The company was accepted in state service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, under the command of Captain D Hagemeister, on 5 May, 1861, and Captain D Hagemeister resigned on 17 June, 1861. First Lieutenant H Menninger, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company K, was appointed captain, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company K, on 17 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant H Menninger resigned on 29 July, 1861.

Washington Brigade

BrigAdier General W F Small, Pennsylvania Volunteers

First Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards: Colonel R Van Dyke, Lieutenant Colonel C M Berry, Major G P McLean
Second Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards: Colonel C Angeroth, Lieutenant Colonel W Schoenleber, Major U Gullman

The 1st Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, was organised at Ladner's Military Hall, on Third and Green Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, under the command of Colonel W F Small, on 7 January, 1861, and the 1st Regiment Infantry and 2nd Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, were assigned to the Washington Brigade, under the command of Brigadier General W F Small, Pennsylvania Volunteers, on 19 January, 1861. The Washington Brigade was accepted in state service at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 15 April, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., on 16 April, 1861.

Note: The Buena Vista Guards, under the command of Captain E W Power, was accepted as part of the 1st Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, in the evening on 16 April, 1861, and Captain H Ungerer, 2nd Regiment Infantry, Company C, Washington Guards, was appointed captain, 40th New York Infantry, Company F, at Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, on 14 June, 1861 (See the 40th New York Infantry). Major U Gullman, 2nd Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, was appointed captain, 29th New York Infantry, Company G, on 4 June, 1861 (See the 29th New York Infantry).

Montgomery Hotel, at the northeast corner of Sixth & Willow Streets, Philadelphia, 17 April, 1861: Brigadier General W F Small, Pennsylvania Volunteers, set up his heaquarters at the Montgomery Hotel, at the northeast corner of Sixth and Willow Streets, Philadelphia, on 17 April, 1861.

Organisation of first detachment Washington Brigade, 19 April, 1861: Lieutenant Colonel C M Berry, 1st Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards; Lieutenant Colonel W Schoenleber, Major U Gullman, 2nd Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards; 1st Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, Company A, Monroe Guards, Captain H A Young; Company B, Monroe Guards, Captain (?); Company C, Monroe Guards, Captain (?); Company D, Monroe Guards, Captain (?); Buena Vista Guards (74), Captain E W Power; Frankford Guards (93), Captain G L Ritman; Minute Men of '76, formerly Captain C M Berry; 1st Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, Company A, Captain (?); Company B, Captain (?); Company C, Captain (?); Company D, Captain R E Vogel; Company E, Captain (?)

Additional companies: Scott Infantry, Captain R A Thomas, 1st Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards; Company F, Captain T G Moffett, 1st Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Baltimore City, Maryland, 19 April, 1861: A detachment of seven companies of the 1st Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C M Berry, and 2nd Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, Companies A, B, C, D, and E, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W Schoenleber and Major U Gullman, were ordered to rendezvous at Baltimore Depot, on Broad and Prime Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 10 PM on 18 April, 1861, and proceeded by the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 3 AM on 19 April, 1861. The detachment of the 1st Regiment Infantry and 2nd Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, was accompanied by the 6th Massachusetts Infantry and arrived at Baltimore City, Maryland, at 12 PM the same day (See the Three Months Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Note: Lieutenant Colonel C M Berry, 1st Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, was assigned to command the first detachment of the Washington Brigade on 18 April, 1861.

Baltimore City, Maryland, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 20 April, 1861: The detachment of seven companies of the 1st Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, and five companies of the 2nd Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards, were attacked by a secessionist mob at President Street Station, on President Street, Baltimore City, Maryland, in the afternoon on 19 April, 1861, and arrived by the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad at Baltimore Depot, on Broad and Prime Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the evening on 20 April, 1861.

Casualties at Baltimore City, Maryland, 19 April, 1861: 1st Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards: Company A, Monroe Guards, 1 severely wounded, 6 missing; Company B, Monroe Guards, 2 wounded, 20 missing; Company C, Monroe Guards, 1 wounded, 1 missing; Company D, Monroe Guards, 5 severely wounded, 15 missing; Buena Vista Guards, 5 wounded, 5 severely wounded, 2 killed, missing not reported; 2nd Regiment Infantry, Washington Guards: Lieutenant Colonel W Schoenleber, badly hurt; Company A, 48 missing; Company B, 1 wounded, 53 missing; Company C, 50 missing; Company D, 1 severely wounded, 51 missing; Company E, 1 severely wounded, 14 missing

Note: Brigadier General W F Small, Colonel R Van Dyke, Lieutenant Colonel C M Berry, and Captains J B Adams, H F Young, B C Tilghman, and W W Swenk were assigned to the 26th Pennsylvania Infantry between on 27 May and 1 June, 1861, and Colonel C Angeroth, Lieutenant Colonel W Schoenleber, and Captains J Kiefer and R E Vogel were assigned to the 27th Pennsylvania Infantry between 31 May and 1 June, 1861 (See the Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Sources

"The enlistments for the Washington Regiment under the command of General W. F. Small, went on yesterday with much spirit, at the Northern Military Hall, in Third street, below Green. The roll of the Monroe Guards became so large that it was found necessary to divide it into three companies - the first with 71 men, the second with 63 men, and the third with 62 men."

The Philadelphia Inquirer, 16 April, 1861 - The Washington Brigade

"Capt. E. W. Power - Dear Sir: Your Company was accepted as one of the First Regiment Washington Guard last night. You will report immediately to Col. Rush Van Dyke, and proceed to drill your men vigorously. Yours truly, Wm. F. Small, Brig. General, commanding Washington Guard, Philadelphia, 16 April, 1861."

The Philadelphia Inquirer, 17 April, 1861 - Letter of Brigadier General Small to the Captain of the Buena Vista Guards

"The commanders of companies belonging to this Brigade must report their muster rolls by 9 o'clock this morning. Eleven companies are reported, while only ten can be accepted General William F. Small, who commands the Brigade, was an active and efficient officer in the Mexico campaign. The officers of Company A of the Brigade have been chosen. They are as follows: Captain Henry A. Young, First Lieutenant A. M. Tippen, Second Lieutenant F. W. Thomas, 2nd Second Lieutenant S. L. Wm. C. Hainse."

The Philadelphia Inquirer, 17 April, 1861 - The Washingon Brigade

"General William F. Small has established his headquarters at the Montgomery Hotel, northeast corner of Sixth and Willow streets, where we had an interview with him and Major Joseph Dixon, yesterday afternoon."

The Philadelphia Inquirer, 18 April, 1861 - General Small's Headquarters

"In consequence of a change in the colonelcy of the First Regiment, Washington Guards, Brigadier General W. F. Small, commanding, the newly elected colonel, Rush Van Dyke, has awarded himself the privilege granted in military bodies and appointed a new staff as follows: Lieutenant Colonel, C. M. Berry; Major, George P. McLean; Adjutant, A H Tippin - thus displacing Lieutenant W. A. Babcock from the adjutancy."

The Philadelphia Press, 18 April, 1861 - Change of Officers

"Company F, Capt. T. G. Moffett, First Regiment Washington Brigade, drilled last night at the armory."

The Philadelphia Inquirer, 19 April, 1861 - Drilling

"Scott Infantry, Capt. R. A. Thomas, First Regiment Washington Brigade, have opened a rendezvous at No.815 S Front Street."

The Philadelphia Inquirer, 19 April, 1861 - Scott Infantry

"Union Guards have detached themselves from General Small's command, and are attached to Colonel C. P. Dare's 1st Regiment of Artillery, 3d Brigade."

The Philadelphia Inquirer, 19 April, 1861

"Seven companies of Philadelphia volunteers, under the command of Gen. Wm. F. Small, took their departure one-half hour after midnight yesterday morning, from the Baltimore depot, at Broad and Prime Streets, occupying twenty-three cars, drawn by the engines 'Maryland,' and 'Constitution.' Among these troops were four companies of the Monroe Guards, Capt. Young; Buena Vista Guards, Lieut. Dickinson; Minute Men, Capt. Tallman (Tilghman), and two German companies command by Capt. Schwink (Swenk)."

The Philadelphia Press, 20 April, 1861 - The departed regiment under Gen. Small

"Lineaus R. Jennings, of the Frankford Guards, has returned from Baltimore, badly beaten, but he is determined to return with his company."

The Philadelphia Press, 23 April, 1861 - Turned up

"Col. Van Dyke's regiment, attached to the Washington Brigade, was inspected on Saturday, and an election of field officers was held."

The Philadelphia Inquirer, 29 April, 1861 - The Washingon Brigade

"About six o'clock yesterday morning the Twentu-seventh Pennsylvania regiment, under Col. Einstein, numbering 1,060, passed through this city from Chambersburg, en route for Washington. They had full camp equipage and one brass field-piece."

The Baltimore Daily Exchange, 19 June, 1861 - Movement of troops

"About three o'clock yesterday afternoon, Col. Einstein's (Philadelphia) German regiment arrived, and marched to the Assembly Rooms and the old Trinity church, where they are quartered temporarily. In this regiment is the Harrison Guards, which is composed mostly of the professors and students of the Harrison Literacy Institute."

The National Republican, 19 June, 1861 - Colonel Einstein's regiment

"The Twenty-six and Twenty-seventh regiments, Pennsylvania, (the latter first ordered to General Patterson's column), arrived in a fine condition yesterday."

The Philadelphia Press, 20 June, 1861 - The Twenty-six and Twenty-seventh Pennsylvania regiments

"When our regiment left Philadelphia, on Monday night last, it was with the understanding that we were to proceed directly to Hagerstown. At Harrisburg we were informed of the change in our destination."

The Philadelphia Press, 25 June, 1861 - From Col. Einstein's Regiment, camp near Washington, D. C., 21 June, 1861

"Yesterday morning, the twenty-seventh Pennsylvania regiment, Col. Einstein, left their camp at Kalorama and embarked on board the steamers Baltimore and Philadelphia, for Alexandria."

The National Republican, 16 July, 1861 - Movement of troops

"The Twenty-seventh Pennsylvania Regiment left their camp near Alexandria, yesterday, and took a position nearer to Arlington."

The Evening Star, 26 July, 1861 - Movement of troops

"The pioneers of Colonel D'Utassy's 39th New York and Colonel Einstein's 27th Pennsylvania, many of whom could not speak a word of English, constructed the redoubts for Greene's four Parrott rifles."

Cushing of Gettysburg: The story of a Union artillery commander, by Kent Masterson Brown

"In the battle which ensued at Bull Run, the Fifth Division was held in reserve on the Centreville heights, and did not become actively engaged. It remained in position until past midnight of the 21st, and until all the army had retired, when it marched to Alexandria, arriving on the afternoon of the 22d, bringing in abandoned horses and baggage wagons in considerable numbers, and one caisson."

"From Arlington it was transferred to Roach's mill, Virginia, where, early in the month of August, company F, commanded by Captain Spering, was detached and posted at the Washington arsenal, where it remained during its entire term of service."

History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-5, prepared in complience with acts of the legislation, Volume 1, by Samuel P Bates

"Colonel Einstein of the Twenty-Seventh Pennsylvania Regiment, returned late this evening to the field of battle at Bull Run, and brought off six pieces of artillery, which he delivered to the commanding officer on the Potomac."

The Rebellion Record: A diary of American events with documents, narratives, illustrative incidents, poetry etc, with twelve portraits of steel, and various maps and diagrams, Second Volume, edited by Frank Moore, author of 'Diary of American Revolution'

"Six of the twenty-three cannon were recovered the next day by Col. Enstein, the enemy haveing delayed moving them from the field."

Battle of Bull Run, by Edmund Clarence Stedman

Philadelphia in the Civil War 1861-1865, by Frank H Taylor

The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, with documents, narratives, illustrative incidents, poetry, etc., First Volume, with twelve portraits on steel, and various diagrams, edited by Frank Moore, author of 'Diary of the American Revolution,' with an introductory address, on the causes and struggle, and the great issues before the country, by Edward Everett

Official Army Register of the volunteer force of the United States Army for the years 1861, '62, '63, '64, '65. Part III (Pennsylvania, Delaware, maryland, District of Columbia), by United States. Adjutant General's Office

The Union Army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 1, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Delaware

Notes

The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry was accepted in state service on 16 April, 1861, and was stationed at at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 4 June, 1861.

Mustered in three years, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 31 May & 1, 3, & 4 June, 1861: The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A and B, were mustered in United States service for three years at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 31 May, 1861; Companies C, D, F, G, H, and I on 1 June, 1861; Company E on 3 June, 1861; and Company K on 4 June, 1861.

Note: The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, under the call for 42,034 troops to serve three years by President A Lincoln on 3 May, 1861.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D. C., 17-18 June, 1861: The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry (1054) was ordered to proceed by the Philadelphia Railroad to Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, the same day. The order was countermanded and the regiment was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Washington, D. C., in the morning on 18 June, 1861, and arrived at Baltimore City, at 6 AM the same day. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Washington, D. C., the same day and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 3 PM on 18 June, 1861.

Assembly rooms & old Trinity or Plymouth Church, on Louisiana Avenue, near the corner of Sixth Street, Washington, D. C., 18 June, 1861: The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry was stationed at the Assembly rooms and old Trinity or Plymouth Church, on Louisiana Avenue, near the corner of Sixth Street, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861.

Assembly rooms & old Trinity or Plymouth Church, on Louisiana Avenue, near the corner of Sixth Street, Washington, to Kalorama, near Lyons' Mill, on Rock Creek, D. C., 19 June, 1861: The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to Kalorama, near Lyons' Mill, on Rock Creek, D. C., on 19 June, 1861.

Note: Paul's Philadelphia Concert Band arrived at Washington, D. C., in the afternoon on 18 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 27th Pennsylvania Infantry the same day.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Kalorama, near Lyons' Mill, on Rock Creek, D. C., to Hunting Creek, near Alexandria, Virginia, 15 July, 1861: The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to proceed by the steamers Baltimore and Philadelphia across the Potomac River at Sixth Street Wharf, Washington, D. C., in the morning on 15 July, 1861, and arrived at Hunting Creek, near Alexandria, Virginia, the same day.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Little River Turnpike to Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to the Old Braddock Road in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and arrived at Farr's Crossroads, near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1.30 PM the same day. The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry arrived near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, in the evening on 17 July, 1861, and was ordered proceed by the Old Braddock Road to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861. The regiment arrived near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry was assigned to guard duty at headquarters and hosiptal at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the 27th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 11 PM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived in the afternoon on 22 July, 1861.

Alexandria to Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861: The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Note: The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company K, was assigned as escort to Colonel D S Miles' wagon train in the morning on 21 July, 1861, and Company F was permanently assigned to guard duty at the Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C., in August 1861.

Mustered out, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 11 June, 1864: The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 25 May, 1864, and arrived on 31 May, 1861. The regiment (336) was mustered out at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 11 June, 1864, and veterans and recruits were assigned to the 109th Pennsylvania Infantry in May 1864.

Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army: Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, was stationed at Fort Kearney, on the Platte River, Nebraska Territory, on 14 April, 1861, and was ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 15 April, 1861. He was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Companies E and F, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, in the afternoon on 29 April, 1861. Colonel D S Miles was ordered to Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, on 22 May, 1861, dated 4 May, 1861, and arrived on 29 May, 1861. He arrived at Camp Brady, near Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 8 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Company K. Colonel D S Miles, 2nd United States Infantry, was ordered to proceed by the Cumberland Valley Railroad to Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd United States Infantry, Companies C and K; the 3rd United States Infantry, Companies B, D, G, H, and K; and the 8th United States Infantry, Company G. He arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland, and Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 1 AM on 20 June, 1861.

Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry, First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army: L Blenker was appointed colonel, 8th New York Infantry, on 31 May, 1861, and brigadier general of volunteers by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 9 August, 1861.

Organisation of Colonel Blenker's brigade, Division of the Potomac, 4 August, 1861: Colonel L Blenker, 8th New York Infantry; 8th New York Infantry, 29th New York Infantry, 39th New York Infantry, 27th Pennsylvania Infantry

Note: The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry was assigned to Colonel L Blenker's brigade, Division of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 4 August, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.57: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp426-428
Colonel L Blenker, First Brigade, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, dated Roach’s Mills (old cotton factory), Alexandria County, Virginia, 4 August, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.56: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp422-426
Colonel D S Miles, Second United States Infantry, Fifth Division, McDowell's Army, dated 17 July, 1861; Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 19 July, 1861; near Alexandria, Virginia, 24 July, 1861