The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Militia, Fourth (Reserve) Division

First New Jersey Militia

Mustered in United States service for three months 30 April, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 6 May, 1861. Not engaged in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL A J JOHNSON
A J Johnson was appointed colonel, 1st New Jersey State Militia, on 30 April, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J PECKWELL
J Peckwell was appointed lieutenant colonel, 1st New Jersey State Militia, on 30 April, 1861.

MAJOR W W MICHELS
W W Michels was appointed major, 1st New Jersey State Militia, on 30 April, 1861.

Company A First Regiment, Company A, Newark Brigade: CAPT. J BRINTZINGHOFFER
The company was accepted in state service at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, at 8 PM on 29 April, 1861.
Company B First Regiment, Company B, Newark Brigade: CAPT. W S TIPSON
The company was accepted in state service at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, at 8 PM on 29 April, 1861.
Company C First Regiment, Company C, Newark Brigade: CAPT. T L MARTIN
The company was accepted in state service at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, at 8 PM on 29 April, 1861.
Company D First Regiment, Company D, Newark Brigade: CAPT. H O BEACH
The company was oaccepted in state service at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, at 8 PM on 29 April, 1861.
Company E First Regiment, Company E, Newark Brigade: CAPT. M B PROVOST
The company was accepted in state service at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, at 8 PM on 29 April, 1861.
Company F First Regiment, Company F, Newark Brigade: CAPT. H BOWDEN
The company was accepted in state service at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, at 8 PM on 29 April, 1861.
Company G: CAPT. H V SANFORD
The company was accepted in state service at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, at 8 PM on 29 April, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. W H REYNOLDS
The company was accepted in state service at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, at 8 PM on 29 April, 1861.
Company I: CAPT. J H HIGGINSON
The company was accepted in state service at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, at 8 PM on 29 April, 1861.
Company K: CAPT. C W JOHNSON
The company was accepted in state service at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, at 8 PM on 29 April, 1861.

Sources

"The volunteers who have enlisted under Maj. Trawin were sworn in on Saturday afternoon at Union Hall, before Maj. H. H. Olds, John Medcraft, Esq., administering the oath. After the oath had been taken, they were organised into two companies of 64 men each - Company G, and H, First Regiment. Engine Co.No.6 yesterday formed a volunteer company, and were accepted by the Brigadier General, and attached to the First Regiment. Capt. Higginson, formerly of the Union Rifles, is raising a volunteer company to be attached to the 1st Regiment, Recruits are received at the 2d door above Oraton Hall."

The Newark Daily Advertiser, 22 April, 1861 - The military

"The minute men last evening formed a company at Oraton Hall, and the members were sworn in. Mr. Sanford was elected captain. They will go with the 1st Regiment. Capt. Higginson has already enrolled about 50 men at his recruiting office in the North Ward, and expects to fill his company today. The volunteers will be sworn in tomorrow. This company will be attached to the 1st Regiment and leave with it when it starts. Among them are several members of Engine Co.No.7."

The Newark Daily Advertiser, 24 April, 1861

"Company F, Capt. Bowden, (formerly National Artillery,) will have charge of two field pieces, which will be taken with them."

The Newark Daily Advertiser, 30 April, 1861

"The first, second, and third New Jersey regiments reached here yesterday morning in two different trains, the first about two o'clock, and the second about eight."

The National Republican, 7 May, 1861 - Arrival of New Jersey troops

Books/ Manuscripts

New Jersey and the Rebellion: A history of the service of the troops and people of New Jersey in aid of the Union cause, by John Young Foster

Record of officers and men of New Jersey in the Civil War, 1861-1865, Volume I, compiled in the office of the adjutant general, published by William S Stryker, Adjutant General

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 3, New Jersey, Indiana, Illinois and Michigan

Notes

The 1st New Jersey Militia was accepted in state service for three months at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the call for 75,000 volunteer militia to serve three months on 3 May, 1861, dated 15 April, 1861.

Organisation of the New Jersey Brigade (3,075), 30 April 1861: Brigadier General T Runyon, Brigade Inspector & Major A V Bonnell, Captain J B Mulligan, aide to Brigadier General T Runyon; 1st New Jersey Militia (773), Colonel H M Baker; 2nd New Jersey Militia (745), Colonel A J Johnson; 3rd New Jersey Militia (780), Colonel W Napton; 4th New Jersey Militia (777), Colonel M Miller, Jr.

Headquarters, First Regiment, New Jersey Contingent, Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, 27 April, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia was ordered to rendezvous at Military Park, Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, at 5 AM on 29 April, 1861, dated 27 April, 1861.

Newark, Essex County, to Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, 29 April, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia was ordered to proceed by the New Jersey Railroad to Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, at 5 PM on 29 April, 1861, and arrived at 8 PM on 29 April, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, 30 April, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia was mustered in United States service for three months at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, by Major T T S Laidley, 5th United States Infantry, and First Lieutenant A T A Torbert, 5th United States Infantry, Company D, on 30 April, 1861.

Note: The 1st New Jersey Militia was stationed at the State Arsenal, on Washington Street, between Second and Third Streets, Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, on 3 May, 1861.

Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, to Annapolis Junction, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 3-4 May, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia (773) was ordered to proceed by steamers on the Delaware & Raritan Canal to Annapolis, Anne Arundal County, Maryland, at 12 PM on 3 May, 1861, and arrived on the Delaware River at Delaware City, New Castle County, Delaware, via Bordentown, Burlington County, New Jersey, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Annapolis, Anne Arundal County, Maryland, at 12 PM on 4 May, 1861, and arrived by the Delaware & Chesapeake Canal and Chesapeake Bay at 4 PM the same day.

Note: The 1st New Jersey Militia, the 2nd New Jersey Militia, the 3rd New Jersey Militia, and the 4th New Jersey Militia were ordered to proceed by the steamers W Woodward, Fannie Cadwalader, Delaware, Franklin, J B Mollison, Eureka, Fanny Garner, Octorata, Raritan, Trenton, Patroon, F W Brune and Elizabeth Turner, to Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain R F Loper, United States Navy, between 1 and 3 May, 1861.

Annapolis Junction, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 5-6 May, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia disembarked at Annapolis, Anne Arundal County, Maryland, in the morning on 5 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 3.30 PM the same day. The regiment was accompanied by the 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies A, B, C, F, G, and H, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 12 AM on 6 May, 1861.

Note: The 1st New Jersey Militia, Company F, under the command of Captain H Bowden, was assigned two field pieces on 3 May, 1861.

Columbia Market, on the corner of Thirteenth & a Half Street & Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., 6 May, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia was stationed to Columbia Market, on the corner of Thirteenth and a Half Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., in the morning on 6 May, 1861.

Columbia Market, on the corner of Thirteenth and a Half Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, to Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street Road, D. C., 13 May, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia arrived at Camp Monmouth, on Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street Road, D. C., in the morning on 13 May, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, & Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, 26 May, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia was ordered across the Potomac River by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 26 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Van Riper or Princeton, in the vicinity of Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day. The regiment was stationed at Camp Van Riper or Princeton, in the vicinity of Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, between 27 May and 17 June, 1861.

Note: The 1st New Jersey Militia was assigned to build Fort Runyon, at the junction of the Columbia and the Washington & Alexandria Turnpikes, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the supervision of Captain B S Alexander, United States Corps Engineers, on 27 May, 1861, and was named in honor of Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers (See the United States Corps Engineers).

Columbia Springs to the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, a quater of a mile south of Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia, 18 June, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia arrived at Camp Trenton, on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, a quarter of a mile south of Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, on 18 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 3rd New Jersey Militia (See the 3rd New Jersey Militia).

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia was assigned to the Fourth Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Disposition of the New Jersey Militia, Fourth (Reserve) Division, McDowell's Army, 15 July, 1861: 1st New Jersey Militia, Colonel A J Johnson, Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, a quarter of a mile south of Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia; 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies A, B, C, F, G, H, Colonel H M Baker, Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia; 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies D, E, I, and K, Lieutenant Colonel A Speer, Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, between Laurel and Bladensburg, Prince George's County, Maryland; 3rd New Jersey Militia, Colonel W Napton, Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, a quarter of a mile south of Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia; 4th New Jersey Militia, Colonel M Miller, Jr., Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia

Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, a quarter of a mile south of Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, to the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, three miles west of Springfield Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 July, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia was ordered to guard the railroad and telegraph repairers on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, three miles west of Springfield Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 16 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, was ordered to Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and assumed command of all the troops not on the march to the front, including those within the various fortifications and camps on 18 July, 1861. The 1st New Jersey Militia was assigned to guard railroad and telegraph repairers on Orange & Alexandria Railroad, between Springfield Station and Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 16 and 20 July, 1861.

Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 21 July, 1861, and arrived in the vicinity of Fort Albany, Prospect Hill, two hundred yards south of the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, 25-27 July, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, in the afternoon on 25 July, 1861, and arrived by the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad at Philadelphia, Pennsyvania, in the morning on 27 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the morning the same day and at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, at 5 PM on 27 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, 31 July, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia was mustered out at Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, by First Lieutenant A T A Torbert, 5th United States Infantry, Company D, on 31 July, 1861.

Reserves, defenses of Washington, D. C., 21 July, 1861: The 1st New Jersey Militia was assigned to the defenses of Washington, D. C., under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, during and immediately after the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.

Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, Fourth (Reserve) Division, McDowell's Army: Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, was discharged by General Orders No.46, Paragraph III, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 19 July, 1861, dated 30 July, 1861.