The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Militia, Fourth (Reserve) Division

Second New Jersey Militia

Mustered in United States service for three months 1 May, 1861. Six companies arrived at Washington, D. C., 6 May, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL H M BAKER
Captain H M Baker, 2nd New Jersey Militia, Company G, was appointed colonel, 2nd New Jersey Militia, on 1 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL A SPEER
Captain A Speer, 2nd New Jersey Militia, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 2nd New Jersey Militia, on 2 May, 1861, and was assigned to command Companies D, E, I, and K on the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, between Laurel and Bladensburg, Prince George's County, with Headquarters at Hyattsville, Prince George's County, Maryland, on 5 May, 1861.

MAJOR J J VAN BUSKIRK
Captain J J Van Buskirk, 2nd New Jersey Militia, Company E, was appointed major, 2nd New Jersey Militia, at Camp Van Riper or Princeton, Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861.

Company A Washington Guards, First Regiment, Hudson Brigade: CAPT. G D VAN REIPEN
The company was accepted in state service at Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, under the command of Captain A Speer, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the afternoon on 26 April, 1861. Captain A Speer, 2nd New Jersey Militia, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 2nd New Jersey State Militia, on 2 May, 1861.
Company B Gregory Guards, First Regiment, Hudson Brigade: CAPT. E C HOPPER
The company was accepted in state service at Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the afternoon on 26 April, 1861.
Company C Independence Guards, First Regiment, Hudson Brigade: CAPT. F GRAIN, JR.
The company was accepted in state service at Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the afternoon on 26 April, 1861.
Company D Greenville Guards, First Regiment, Hudson Brigade: CAPT. G F LILLIENDAHL
The company was accepted in state service at Greenville District, Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the afternoon on 26 April, 1861.
Company E Close Light Guards, First Regiment, Hudson Brigade: CAPT. H VAN BUSKIRK
The company was accepted in state service at Bayonne, Hudson County, New Jersey, under the command of Captain J J Van Buskirk, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the afternoon on 26 April, 1861. Captain J J Van Buskirk, 2nd New Jersey Militia, Company E, was appointed major, 2nd New Jersey Militia, at Camp Van Riper or Princeton, Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant H Van Buskirk, 2nd New Jersey Militia, Company E was appointed captain, 2nd New Jersey Militia, Company E, at Camp Van Riper or Princeton, Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861.
Company F Montgomery Guards, First Regiment, Hudosn Brigade: CAPT. R GILCHRIST, JR.
The company was accepted in state service at Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, under the command of Captain L J Tonnele, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the afternoon on 26 April, 1861. Captain L J Tonnele, 2nd New Jersey Militia, Company F, resigned at Washington, D. C., on 15 May, 1861, and First Lieuteant R Gilchrist, Jr., 2nd New Jersey Militia, Company F, was appointed captain, 2nd New Jersey Militia, Company F, at Camp Monmouth, Meridian Hill, D. C., on 18 May, 1861.
Company G Hudson Guards, First Company: CAPT. J RAMSaY
The company was accepted in state service at Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, under the command of Captain H M Baker, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the afternoon on 26 April, 1861. Captain H M Baker, 2nd New Jersey Militia, Company G, was appointed colonel, 2nd New Jersey Militia, on 1 May, 1861.
Company H Communipaw Zouaves: CAPT. E S BABCOCK
The company was accepted in state service at Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the afternoon on 26 April, 1861.
Company I Hudson Guards, Second Company: CAPT. J A VAN VOORHIS
The company was accepted in state service at Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the afternoon on 26 April, 1861.
Company K Independence Guards, Second Company, Hudson Brigade: CAPT. W B DUNNING
The company was accepted in state service at Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the afternoon on 26 April, 1861.

Sources

"The Second Regiment of the Hudson Brigade, Gen. Hatfield, Jr., commanding, arrived by the afternoon train yesterday, and were at once taken to Camp Olden, near the State Arsenal. They are a fine body of men."

The Trenton State Gazette, 27 April, 1861

"The old arsenal on Bergen Hill is now occupied by troops, and presents a warlike appearence. Capt. Van Houten is in command and the volunteers are drilled regularly every day."

The Newark daily Advertiser, 1 May, 1861 - War preparations in Jersey City

"The first, second, and third New Jersey regiments reached here yesterday morning in two different trains, the first about two o'clock, and the second about eight."

The National Republican, 7 May, 1861 - Arrival of New Jersey troops

"The Second New Jersey Regiment moved from near the Long Bridge to the vicinity of Alexandria, yesterday."

The Evening Star, 19 July, 1861 - Movement of troops

"The four companies of the Second, left at Annapolis, were detailed, by order of General Scott, to the service of guarding the telegragh and railroad track between Washington and Annapolis Junction."

"Immediately upon the establishment of the lines on the 24th, details from all regiments were put to work in constructing entrenchments and redoubts, and it is among the chief honors of this brigade that the first regular work constructed by the national troops at the beginning of the war, and the first over which the nation's flag was flung out, was completed by the brawny arms of Jersymen, many of whom worked with unflagging vigor and industry with tools at their command. During the whole period of the war, these works stood as monuments of the muscular activity and vigor of our volunteers; and it was only just that the principal forification, having been built exclusively by Jerseymen, should be named, as it was, Fort Runyon, and so known ever after."

"Seventeen guns have been mounted at the fortifications, and several more are on the ground."

New Jersey and the Rebellion: A history of the service of the troops and people of New Jersey in aid of the Union cause, by John Young Foster

History of Jersey City, N.J.: A record of its early settlement and corporate progress, sketches of the towns and cities that were absorbed in the growth of the present municipality, its business, finance, manufactures and form of government, with some notice of the men who built the city, by Alexander McLean

Record of officers and men of New Jersey in the Civil War, 1861-1865, Volume I, compiled in the office of the adjutant general, published by William S Stryker, Adjutant General

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 3, New Jersey, Indiana, Illinois and Michigan

Notes

The 2nd New Jersey Militia (Hudson County) was accepted in state service at Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, on 17 April, 1861.

Note: The 2nd New Jersey Militia was ordered to rendezvous at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861, and the New Jersey (Militia) Brigade was mustered in United States service at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, Major A V Bonnell, and Captain J B Mulligan, on 27 April, 1861.

Jersey City, Hudson County, to Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, 26 April, 1861: The 2nd New Jersey Militia was ordered to proceed by the New Jersey Railroad to Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, under the command of Acting Colonel & Brigadier General D Hartford, Jr., New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, and Acting Adjutant & Captain G Van Houten, National Guards, 1st Regiment, Hudson Brigade, at 1.30 PM on 26 April, 1861, and arrived at Camp Olden, on Sandtown Road, two and a half miles east of the Rolling Mill of Trenton Iron Co. and J Shepherd Union Print works, between Federal and Streets, Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the afternoon the same day.

Note: The Independence Guards, 2nd Company, under the command of First Lieutenant W B Dunning, arrived at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, in the afternoon on 26 April, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, 1 May, 1861: The 2nd New Jersey Militia was mustered in United States service for three months at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, by Major T T S Laidley , 5th United States Infantry, and First Lieutenant A T A Torbert, 5th United States Infantry, Company D, on 1 May, 1861.

Note: The 2nd New Jersey State Militia was stationed in the vicinity of the State Arsenal, on Washington Street, between Second and Third Streets, Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, on 3 May, 1861.

Sandtown Road, two & a half miles east of the Rolling Mill of Trenton Iron Co. & J Shepherd Union Print works, between Federal & Streets, Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, to Annapolis Junction, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 3-4 May, 1861: The 2nd New Jersey Militia was ordered to proceed by steamers on the Delaware & Raritan Canal to Annapolis, Anne Arundal County, Maryland, at 12 PM on 3 May, 1861, and arrived on the Delaware River at Delaware City, New Castle County, Delaware, via Bordentown, Burlington County, New Jersey, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Annapolis, Anne Arundal County, Maryland, at 12 PM on 4 May, 1861, and arrived by the Delaware & Chesapeake Canal and Chesapeake Bay at 4 PM the same day.

Note: The 1st New Jersey Militia, 2nd New Jersey Militia, 3rd New Jersey Militia, and 4th New Jersey Militia were ordered to proceed by the steamers W Woodward, Fannie Cadwalader, Delaware, Franklin, J B Mollison, Eureka, Fanny Garner, Octorata, Raritan, Trenton, Patroon, F W Brune and Elizabeth Turner, to Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain R F Loper, United States Navy, between 1 and 3 May, 1861.

Annapolis Junction, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 5 May, 1861: The 2nd New Jersey Militia disembarked at Annapolis, Anne Arundal County, Maryland, in the morning on 5 May, 1861.

Annapolis Junction, Anne Arundel County, to Beltsville & Hyattsville, Prince George's County, Maryland, Companies D, E, I, & K, 5 May-24 July, 1861: The 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies D and K, were ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Beltsville, Prince George's County, Maryland, and Companies E and I to Hyattsville, Prince George's County, Maryland, in the evening on 5 May, 1861.

Note: The 2nd New Jersey Militia (280), Companies D, E, I, and K, under the command of of Lieutenant Colonel A Speer, were assigned to guard duty on the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, between Laurel and Bladensburg, Prince George's County, Maryland, between 5 May and 24 July, 1861.

Annapolis Junction, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., Comapnies A, B, C, F, G, & H, 5-6 May, 1861: The 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies A, B, C, F, G, and H, were ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 3.30 PM on 5 May, 1861, and were accompanied by the 1st New Jersey Militia. Companies A, B, C, F, G, and H arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 12 AM on 6 May, 1861.

Constitution Office, on E Street, between Twelfth & Thirteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., 6 May, 1861: The 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies A, B, C, F, G, and H, were stationed at the Constitution Office, on E Street, between Twelfth and Thirteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., in the morning on 6 May, 1861.

Constitution Office, on E Street, between Twelfth & Thirteenth Streets, Washington, to Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street Road, D. C., Companies A, B, C, F, G, & H, 13 May, 1861: The 2nd New Jersey Militia arrived at Camp Monmouth, on Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street Road, D. C., in the morning on 13 May, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, ALexandria County, & Alexandria, 24 May, 1861

The 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies A, B, C, F, G, and H, were ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, at 2 AM on 24 May, 1861, and arrived at the bridge over the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal, on the Columbia Turnpike, four hundred yards west of Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, in the morning the same day (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Note: The 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies A, B, C, F, G, and H, were stationed at Camp Van Riper or Princeton, Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, in the evening on 24 May, 1861.

Centre Column, Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., to Arlington Heights & Alexandria County, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: Major & Assistant Adjutant General S P Heintzelmen, 1st United States Infantry; 7th New York State Militia, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H, Colonel M Lefferts; 12th New York State Militia, Colonel D Butterfield; 25th New York State Militia, Colonel M K Bryan; 2nd New Jersey Militia, Captain H M Baker; 3rd New Jersey Militia, Colonel W Napton, 4th New Jersey Militia, Captain M Miller, Jr.; 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, Captain A G Brackett; section of 3rd United States Artillery, Light Company E, First Lieutenant D R Ransom

Fort Runyon, at the junction of the Columbia & the Washington & Alexandria Turnpikes, Alexandria County, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: Detachments of the 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies A, B, C, F, G, and H, were assigned to build Fort Runyon, at the junction of the Columbia and the Washington & Alexandria Turnpikes, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the supervision of Captain B S Alexander, United States Corps Engineers, at 6 AM on 24 May, 1861 (See the United States Corps Engineers).

Note: Major J G Barnard, Captains B S Alexander and C E Blunt, First Lieutenants F E Prime and D C Houston, Second Lieutenants H M Robert, United States Corps Engineers, and detachments of the 7th New York State Militia, the 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies A, B, C, F, G, and H, the 3rd New Jersey Militia, and the 4th New Jersey Militia were stationed at the junction of the Columbia and the Washington & Alexandria Turnpikes, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 27 May, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 2nd New Militia was assigned to the Fourth Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General I McDowell, United States Army, was stationed at Camp Van Riper or Princeton, Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, in the evening on 27 May, 1861.

Disposition of the New Jersey Militia, Fourth (Reserve) Division, McDowell's Army, 15 July, 1861: 1st New Jersey Militia, Colonel A J Johnson, Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, a quarter of a mile south of Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia; 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies A, B, C, F, G, H, Colonel H M Baker, Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia; 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies D, E, I, and K, Lieutenant Colonel A Speer, Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, between Laurel and Bladensburg, Prince George's County, Maryland; 3rd New Jersey Militia, Colonel W Napton, Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, a quarter of a mile south of Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia; 4th New Jersey Militia, Colonel M Miller, Jr., Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia

Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, to Alexandria, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, F, G, & H, 16 July, 1861: The 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies A, B, C, F, G, and H, were ordered to Alexandria, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and were accompanied by seven companies of the 4th New Jersey Militia (See the 4th New Jersey Militia).

Note: Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, was ordered to Alexandria, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and assumed command of all the troops not on the march to the front, including those within the various fortifications and camps on 18 July, 1861.

Alexandria, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 2nd New Jersey Militia, Companies A, B, C, F, G, and H, were stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, 25-28 July, 1861: The 2nd New Jersey Militia was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, in the afternoon on 25 July, 1861, and Companies A, B, C, F, G, and H arrived by the New Jersey Railroad at Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, in the evening on 27 July, 1861, and Companies D, E, I, and K, under the command of Colonel H M Baker, at 1.30 PM on 28 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, 31 July, 1861: The 2nd New Jersey Militia was mustered out at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, by First Lieutenant A T A Torbert, 5th United States Infantry, Company D, on 31 July, 1861.

Reserves, defenses of Washington, D. C., 21 July, 1861: The 2nd New Jersey Militia was assigned to the defenses of Washington, D. C., under the command of Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, during and immediately after the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.

Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, Fourth (Reserve) Division, McDowell's Army: Brigadier General T Runyon, New Jersey (Militia) Volunteers, was discharged by General Orders No.46, Paragraph III, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 19 July, 1861, dated 30 July, 1861.