The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

McCunn's Reserve Brigade

Private W K Bacon, 26th New York Infantry, Company F

Private W K Bacon, 26th New York Infantry, Company F

Twenty-sixth New York Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three months 21 May, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 22 June, 1861. Not engaged in the First battle of Bull Run. Remustered in United States service for three years 2 August, 1861

COLONEL W H CHRISTIAN
W H Christian was appointed colonel, 26th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL R H RICHARDSON
R H Richardson was appointed lieutenant colonel, 26th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

MAJOR G S JENNINGS
Captain G S Jennings, 26th New York Infantry, Company G, was appointed major, 26th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Company A: CAPT. M CoSSELMAN
The company was accepted in state service for two years at Utica, Oneida County, New York, on 1 May, 1861, and M Cosselman was appointed captain, 26th New York Infantry, Company A, on 4 July, 1861, dated 1 May, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. G A BLACKWELL
The company was accepted in state service for two years at Utica, Oneida County, New York, on 1 May, 1861, and G A Blackwell was appointed captain, 26th New York Infantry, Company B, on 4 July, 1861, dated 1 May, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. J H FAIRBANKS
The company was accepted in state service for two years at Utica, Oneida County, New York, on 3 May, 1861, and D Smith, Jr., was appointed captain, 26th New York Infantry, Company C, on 4 July, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861. Captain D Smith, Jr., was appointed first lieutenant and adjutant, 26th New York Infantry, on 17 May, 1861, and J H Fairbanks was appointed captain, 26th New York Infantry, Company C, on 4 July, 1861, dated 18 May, 1861. Captain J H Fairbanks, 26th New York Infantry, Company C, resigned on 7 August, 1861.
Company D Union Guards: CAPT. G ARROWSMITH
The company was organised at Hamilton, Madison County, New York, on 28 April, 1861, and was accepted in state service for two years at Utica, Oneida County, New York, on 7 May, 1861. G Arrowsmith was appointed captain, 26th New York Infantry, Company D, on 4 July, 1861, dated 7 May, 1861.
Company E Utica Grenadiers: CAPT. A BReNDLE
The company was accepted in state service for two years at Utica, Oneida County, New York, on 7 May, 1861, and A Brendle was appointed captain, 26th New York Infantry, Company E, on 4 July, 1861, dated 7 May, 1861. Captain A Brendle, 26th New York Infantry, Company E, was discharged on 7 August, 1861.
Company F: CAPT. E F WETMORE
The company was organised at Whitestown, Oneida County, New York, on 26 April, 1861, and was accepted in state service for two years at Utica, Oneida County, New York, on 3 May, 1861. E F Wetmore was appointed captain, 26th New York Infantry, Company F, on 4 July, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861.
Company G: CAPT. C E JENNINGS
The company was organised at Rochester, Monroe County, New York, on 24 April, 1861, and was accepted in state service for two years, under the command of Captain G S Jennings, on 2 May, 1861. G S Jennings, 26th New York Infantry, Company G, was appointed major, 26th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861, and C E Jennings was appointed captain, 26th New York Infantry, Company G, on 4 July, 1861, dated 18 May, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. T DAVIS
The company was organised and accepted in state service for two years at Rochester, Monroe County, New York, on 2 May, 1861, and T Davis was appointed captain, 26th New York Infantry, Company H, on 4 July, 1861, dated 2 May, 1861.
Company I: CAPT. J H PALMER
The company was organised at Oriskany Falls and Waterville, Oneida County, New York, on 10 May, 1861, and was accepted in state service for two years at Utica, Oneida County, New York, on 13 May, 1861. J H Palmer was appointed captain, 26th New York Infantry, Company I, on 4 July, 1861, dated 13 May, 1861.
Company K: CAPT. J B CARYL(E)
The company was accepted in state service for two years at Camden, Oneida County, New York, on 14 May, 1861, and J B Caryl(e) was appointed captain, 26th New York Infantry, Company K, on 4 July, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.

Sources

"A train of cars arrived here at noon on Saturday, bringing the twenty-sixth New York regiment, direct from Elmira, where they have been encamped some time. Their uniform is a dark grey jacket and pants."

The National Republican, 24 June, 1861 - Arrival of the New York Twenty-sixth Regiment

"The federal army was procuring standard uniforms as quickly as possible but quartermasters quickly found themselves behind the curve as men poured into the recruiting stations. Instead, they marched off to glory wearing the shoddy, dark grey jackets and trousers of the New York state militia, which were trimmed with black braid."

"By the morning of Sunday, 21 July, the first major battle of the war was underway near a northern Virginia stream known as Bull Run. The Twenty-sixth, which was still in Washington, was quickly assigned to Colonel J H McCunn's recently organised four-regiment brigade, which was part of Irvin McDowell's McDowell's Army. After receiving orders from Gen. Winfield Scott, McCunn quickly marched his men along with three day's rations in their haversacks from their Washington camp. McCunn knew that their mission was one of support for the army at Bull Run, but as was usually the case, the average private did not know their destination."

"Once at Alexandria, Virginia, they were to take the train to the Manassas battlefield where the war's first great battle was underway. Upon arrival, they met their new comrades in McCunn's advance brigade, which consisted of the Twenty-Sixth, as well as the Fifteenth, Twenty-fifth, and Thirty-Seventh New York."

Glory was not their companion: The Twenty-sixth New York Volunteer Infantry, by Paul Taylor

"On alighting from the train we found we had to march to Meridian Heights, a hill about three miles from the city."

"We are sworn in the United States service only till the twenty-first of August, when I suppose we will return home."

Reminiscences and letters of George Arrowsmith of New Jersey late lieutenant-colonel of the One hundred and fifty-seventh regiment, New York State Volunteers, by John S Applegate

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 3, by Frederick Phisterer.

Notes

The 26th New York Infantry, Companies A and B, were accepted in state service for two years at Utica, Oneida County, New York, on 1 May, 1861; Companies G and H at Rochester, Monroe County, New York, on 2 May, 1861; Companies C and F at Utica, Oneida County, New York, on 3 May, 1861; Company D at Hamilton, Madison County, New York, on 7 May, 1861; Company E at Utica, Oneida County, New York, on 7 May, 1861; Company I at Utica, Oneida County, New York, on 13 May, 1861, and Company K at Utica, Oneida County, New York, on 14 May, 1861.

Note: The 26th New York Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Elmira, Chemung County, New York, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861, and was accepted in state service for two years on 17 May, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Elmira, Chemung County, New York, 21 May, 1861: The 26th New York Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Elmira, Chemung County, New York, by Captain W L Elliott, United States Mounted Rifles, on 21 May, 1861.

Note: The 26th New York Infantry was stationed at Barracks No.3, Elmira, Chemung County, New York, on 29 May, 1861, and the 26th New York Infantry, Company I, arrived at Utica, Oneida County, New York, in the evening on 10 May, 1861.

Elmira, Chemung County, New York, to Washington, D. C., 21-22 June, 1861: The 26th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Williamsport & Elmira Railroad to Washington, D. C., on 21 June, 1861, and arrived by the Northern Central Railroad at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, via Williamsport, Lycoming County, and Sunbury, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 22 June, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Baltimore City, Maryland, on 22 June, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 12 PM on 22 June, 1861.

Washington to Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street, D. C., 22 June, 1861: The 26th New York Infantry arrived at Camp Van Valkenburgh, near Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street, D. C., on 22 June, 1861.

Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street, D. C., to Alexandria, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 26th New York Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River by steamer at 12 PM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Sixth Street Wharf, Alexandria, Virginia, at 2 PM the same day.

Note: The 26th New York Infantry was assigned to McCunn's Brigade, McDowell's Army, under the command of Acting Brigadier General J H McCunn, 37th New York Infantry, and the sick were assigned to guard duty at Camp Van Valkenburgh, Meridian Hill, D. C., on 21 July, 1861 (See the 37th New York Infantry).

Alexandria to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 26th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Springfield Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Alexandria, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861, and arrived near Fort Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, Virginia, the same day.

Fort Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, to Episcopal Theological Seminary, Fairfax County, Virginia, 27 July, 1861: The 26th New York Infantry was ordered three miles west of Episcopal Theological Seminary, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 27 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Maxwell, three miles west of Episcopal Theological Seminary, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Remustered, 2 August, 1861: The 26th New York Infantry was mustered in United States service for the unexpired portion of its term of state service on 2 August, 1861.

Mustered out, Utica, Oneida County, New York, 24 & 28 May, 1863: The 26th New York Infantry, Companies H and K, under the command of Colonel R H Richardson, were mustered out at Utica, Oneida County, New York, on 24 May, on 1863, and Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and I on 28 May, 1863. The three years' men of the 26th New York Infantry were assigned to the 83 New York Infantry (formerly the 9th New York State Militia Infantry) on 26 May, 1863.

Organisation of Brigadier General S P Heintzelman's brigade, Division of the Potomac, 4 August, 1861: Brigadier General S P Hentzelman, United States Volunteers; 5th Maine Infantry; 16th New York Infantry; 26th New York Infantry; 27th New York Infantry; 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company A

Note: The 26th New York Infantry was assigned to Brigadier General S P Heintzelman's brigade, Division of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 4 August, 1861.