The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

McCunn's Reserve Brigade

First Sergeant W Bird Jr., 37th New York Infantry, Company I

First Sergeant W Bird Jr., 37th New York Infantry, Company I

Thirty-seventh New York Infantry

Mustered in United States service for two years 6 and 7 June, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 25 June, 1861. Not engaged in the First battle of Bull Run

COLONEL J H MCCUNN
Colonel J H McCunn, 75th New York State Militia, was appointed colonel, 37th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861, and was appointed acting brigadier general, United States Volunteers, on 20 July, 1861. Acting Brigadier General & Colonel J H McCunn, 37th New York Infantry, was discharged on 31 August, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J BURKE
Captain J Burke, 37th New York Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 37th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861.

MAJOR D C MINTON
D C Milton was appointed major, 37th New York Infantry, 20 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861, and was discharged on 4 September, 1861.

Company A: CAPT. G RIoRDON
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 25 May, 1861, and J Burke was appointed captain, 37th New York Infantry, Company A, on 4 July, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861. Captain J Burke, 37th New York Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 37th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 28 May, 1861, and G Riordon was appointed captain, 37th New York Infantry, Company A, on 4 July, 1861, dated 6 June, 1861. Captain G Riordon, 37th New York Infantry, Company A, was appointed major, 37th New York Infantry, on 11 November, 1861, dated 3 September, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. J T MAGUIRE
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 9 May, 1861, and J T Maguire was appointed captain, 37th New York Infantry, Company B, on 4 July, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. M DORAN
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 9 May, 1861, and M Doran was appointed captain, 37th New York Infantry, Company C, on 4 July, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861. Captain M Doran, 37th New York Infantry, Company C, was dismissed 4 November, 1861.
Company D: CAPT. F J MCHUGH
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 9 May, 1861, and F J McHugh was appointed captain, 37th New York Infantry, Company D, on 4 July, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861. Captain F J McHugh, 37th New York Infantry, Company D, died of typhoid fever on 12 December, 1861.
Company E: CAPT. J KAVANAGH
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 9 May, 1861, and J Kavavagh was appointed captain, 37th New York Infantry, Company E, on 4 July, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861. Captain J Kavavagh, 37th New York Infantry, Company E, was discharged on 4 November, 1861.
Company F: CAPT. D O'CONNER
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 16 May, 1861, and D O'Conner was appointed captain, 37th New York Infantry, Company F, on 4 July, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861. Captain D O'Conner, 37th New York Infantry, Company F, was discharged on 4 November, 1861.
Company G: CAPT. M MURPHY
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 16 May, 1861, and M Murphy was appointed captain, 37th New York Infantry, Company G, on 4 July, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861. Captain M Murphy, 37th New York Infantry, Company G, was discharged on 4 November, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. L G HARMON
The company was accepted in state service at Allegany, Cattaraugus County, New York, on 15 May, 1861, and L G Harmon was appointed captain, 37th New York Infantry, Company H, on 4 July, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861. The company was ordered to the Provost Marshall Building, Alexandria, Virginia, on 26 July, 1861, and to Fort Albany, near the Columbia Turnpike, Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 28 July, 1861. The company was stationed at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., on 5 August, 1861, and was assigned to garrison duty at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, under the command of Brevet Major & Captain J A Haskin, 1st United States Artillery, Company D, on 10 August, 1861 (See the United States Army, Department of Washington, D. C.).
Company I: CAPT. W T CLARKe
The company was accepted in state service at Ellicottville, Cattaraugus County, New York, on 9 May, 1861, and W T Clarke was appointed captain, 37th New York Infantry, Company I, on 4 July, 1861, dated 13 May, 1861. The company arrived at Fort Washington, on the Potomac River, Prince George's County, Maryland, in the evening on 5 August, 1861.
Company K: CAPT. J W JOHNSTON
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 25 May, 1861, and E W Peckham was appointed captain, 37th New York Infantry, Company K, on 4 July, 1861, dated 25 May, 1861. Captain E W Peckham, 37th New York Infantry, Company K, was discharged on 6 June, 1861, and J W Johnston was appointed captain on 4 July, 1861, dated 7 June, 1861. Captain J W Johnston, 37th New York Infantry, Company K, was discharged on 10 September, 1861.

Sources

"Today at noon, the Thirty-seventh (Irish) Regiment New York Volunteers, Col. McCunn, arrived here, and at once proceeded to the northern outskirts of the city, where they are to encamp, having brought their camp equipage with them. The regiment numbers about 800 men, strong, hardy, and enthusiastic, fine representatives of the Hibernian element of the Empire State. The uniform is light blue pants, dark blue jacket and fatigue cap."

The Evening Star, 24 June, 1861 - Arrival of the Thirty-seventh Regiment

"The Thirty-seventh New York Regiment, Col. McCunn, marched over into Virginia yesterday morning."

The Evening Star, 22 July, 1861 - Advanced into Virginia

"The positions of the army at this juncture were as follows: General Tyler's division lay between Germantown and Centreville, Colonel Hunter's at Fairfax, on its line of march to Centreville; Colonel Miles's at Braddock's Cross Roads, and Heintzelman's around Fairfax. In this latter division was the Thirty-seventh New York (Irish Rifles), which, though not actually engaged at the battle of Bull Run, performed good service during the retreat, in guarding the stores and ammunition accumulated at Fairfax Station."

The Irish brigade and its campaigns, with some account of the Corcoran Legion, and sketches of the principle officers, by David Power Conyngham

"Two companies each of the First and Second Regiments had been detached for special duty, while the Third Regiment had been detached temporarily from the Brigade and with the Fourth New Jersey Militia and Colonel J. H. McCunn's New York Regiment formed a provisional brigade under the command of Colonel McCunn, were posted at fairfax Station, on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, as a reseve, the Third Regiment advancing to Burke's Station to guard ammunition and stores."

History of the First brigade, New Jersey Volunteers from 1861 to 1865, compiled under the authorisation of Kearny's First New Jersey Brigade Society, by Camille Baquet, Second Lieutenant, Company A, First Regiment New Jersey Volunteers

"The services of the regiment were as follows: It was in reserve at the first battle of Manassas, retiring in excellent order from Fairfax Station to Alexandria, and guarding the trains of commissary, ordnance and Quartermaster's stores. Not a man recrossed the bridge into Washington after that disastrous battle, the regiment encamping near Bailey's Cross Roads, on the old Leesburg Turnpike."

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 3, by Frederick Phisterer

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 43, Serial No.55: Record of events for Thirty-seventh New York Infantry, June 1861-June 1863, edited by James B Hewett

Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, Eighty-ninth session, 1866, Volume 4, Nos. 61 to 85 inclusive, by New York Legislature Assembly

Notes

The 37th New York Infantry was stationed at Eagle Drill Rooms, on the corner of Christie and Delancey Streets, New York City, New York County, New York, on 4 May, 1861, and was accepted in state service on 15 May, 1861.

Note: The 37th New York Infantry, Companies B, C, D, and E, were accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 9 May, 1861; Company I at Ellicottville, Cattaraugus County, New York, on 9 May, 1861; Company H at Allegany, Cattaraugus County, New York, on 15 May, 1861; Companies F and G at New York City, New York County, New York, on 16 May, 1861; and Companies A and K at New York City, New York County, New York, on 25 May, 1861.

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland; Washington, D. C.; & New York City, New York County, New York, Colonel J H McCunn, 75th New York State Militia, 23 April-6 May, 1861: Acting Captain J H McCunn, 69th New York State Militia Infantry, Engineer Corps, was ordered to proceed by the steamer James Adger on the North or Hudson River at Pier No.4, on West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, and Washington, D. C., at 6 PM on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at New York City, New York County, New York, on 6 May, 1861.

Note: The 37th New York Infantry was stationed at Broadway Hotel, on the corner of Bloomingdale Road and Ninety-fifth Street, New York City, New York County, New York, on 18 May, 1861.

The Battery, on State Street & Battery Place, New York City, New York County, New York, 4 June, 1861: The 37th New York Infantry was ordered to The Battery, on State Street and Battery Place, New York City, New York County, New York, on 4 June, 1861.

Mustered in two years, The Battery, on State Street & Battery Place, New York City, New York County, New York, 6 & 7 June, 1861: The 37th New York Infantry, Companies A and E, were mustered in United States service for two years at The Battery, on State Street and Battery Place, New York City, New York County, New York, by Captain S B Hayman, 7th United States Infantry, Company C, on 6 June, 1861, and Companies B, C, D, F, G, H, I, and K on 7 June, 1861.

The Battery, on State Street & Battery Place, New York City, New York County, New York, to Washington, D. C., 23-24 June, 1861: The 37th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the steamer Atlas on the North or Hudson River at Pier No.1, on the corner of Battery Place and West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, to South Amboy, Middlesex County, New Jersey, at 3.30 PM on 23 June, 1861, and proceeded by the Camden & Amboy Railroad to Washington, D. C., in the evening the same day. The regiment arrived by ferry on the Delaware River at Washington Street Wharf, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 11.30 PM on 23 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 2 AM on 24 June, 1861. The 37th New York Infantry arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Baltimore City and Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 12 PM on 24 June, 1861.

President's or White House, Washington, D. C., 24 June, 1861: The 37th New York Infantry was stationed near the President's or White House, Washington, D. C., on 24 June, 1861.

President's or White House to Congressional Burying Ground, between E & G Streets & Eighteenth & Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., 25 June, 1861: The 37th New York Infantry was ordered to the Congressional Burying Ground, between E and G Streets and Eighteenth and Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., at 11 AM on 25 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Mary, near the Congressional Burying Ground, between E and G Streets and Eighteenth and Nineteenth Streets, Washington, the same day.

Congressional Burying Ground, between E & G Streets & Eighteenth & Nineteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., to Alexandria, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 37th New York Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River by steamer to Alexandria, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 37th New York Infantry was assigned to McCunn's Brigade, McDowell's Army, under the command of Acting Brigadier General & Colonel J H McCunn, 37th New York Infantry, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

Alexandria to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 37th New York Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 5 PM the same day. The regiment was assigned to guard the trains of commissary, ordnance, and quartermaster's stores during the retreat of the McDowell's Army to Washington D. C., in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The the 3rd New Jersey Infantry and the 4th New Jersey Militia Infantry were stationed at Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Acting Brigadier General J H McCunn, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the 37th New York Infantry was ordered to Washington, D. C., in the morning on 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Alexandria, Virginia, the same day.

Alexandria to Fort Albany, near the Columbia Turnpike, Arlington Heights, Fairfax County, Virginia, 28 July, 1861: The 37th New York Infantry was ordered to Fort Albany, near the Columbia Turnpike, Arlington Heights, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 28 July, 1861.

Mustered out, New York City, New York County, New York, 22 June, 1863: The three years' men of the 37th New York Infantry were assigned to the 40th New York Infantry, Company I (2nd), on 25 May, 1863, and the 37th New York Infantry was mustered out at New York City, New York County, New York, on 22 June, 1863 (See the 40th New York Infantry).

Organisation of Brigadier General D Hunter's brigade, Division of the Potomac, 4 August, 1861: Brigadier General D Hunter, United States Volunteers; 23rd New York Infantry; 25th New York Infantry; 35th New York Infantry; 37th New York Infantry

Note: The 37th New York Infantry was assigned to Brigadier General D Hunter's brigade, Division of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 4 August, 1861.