The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Third Division

Second Sergeant R C Shannon, 5th Maine Infantry, Company H

Second Sergeant R C Shannon, 5th Maine Infantry, Company H

Fifth Massachusetts Infantry

Mustered in United States for three months 1 May, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 26 and 27 April, 1861

COLONEL S C LAWRENCE

LIEUTENANT COLONEL G H PIERSON
Lieutenant Colonel J D Greene was appointed lieutenant colonel, 17th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 25 June, 1861, and Captain G H Pierson, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 5th Massachusetts Infantry, on 5 July, 1861.

MAJOR J T BOYD
Major H W Keyes was appointed captain, 14th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 26 June, 1861, and Captain J T Boyd, Company K, was appointed major, 5th Massachusetts Infantry, on 5 July, 1861.

Company A Mechanic Light Infantry: CAPT. E H STATEN
The 7th Massachusetts (Militia) Infantry, Company A, was accepted in state service at Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, on 15 April, 1861, and was ordered to Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, at 7 AM on 20 April, 1861. The company arrived at Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, at 10 AM the same day and Captain G H Pierson was appointed lieutenant colonel, 5th Massachusetts Infantry, on 5 July, 1861. First Lieutenant E H Staten was appointed captain, 5th Massachusetts Infantry, Company B, on 6 July, 1861.
Company B Richardson Light Guard: CAPT. J W LOCKE
The 7th Massachusetts (Militia) Infantry, Company E, was accepted in state service at South Reading, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, on 15 April, 1861, and was ordered to Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, at 5.30 PM on 19 April, 1861.
Company C Charlestown Artillery: CAPT. W R SWAN
The 5th Massachusetts (Militia) Infantry, Company D, was accepted in state service at Charlestown, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 15 April, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at the Armory, Charlestown, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, at 12 PM on 17 April, 1861. The company was ordered to Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 19 April, 1861.
Company D Haverhill Light Infantry or Hale Guards: CAPT. C P MESSER
The 7th Massachusetts (Militia) Infantry, Company G, was accepted in state service at Haverhill, Essex County, Massachusetts, on 15 April, 1861, and was ordered to Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, at 5 PM on 19 April, 1861.
Company E Lawrence Light Guard: CAPT. J HUTCHINS
The 5th Massachusetts (Militia) Infantry, Company E, was accepted in state service at Medford, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, on 15 April, 1861, and was ordered to Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 19 April, 1861.
Company F Wardwell Tigers: CAPT. D K WARDWELL
The 7th Massachusetts (Milita) Infantry, Company F, declined to proceed to Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 19 April, 1861, and was disbanded the same day. The Wardwell Tigers, formerly known as the Boston Volunteers, was accepted in state service at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 16 April, 1861, and was ordered to Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 19 April, 1861.
Company G Concord Artillery: CAPT. G S PRESCOTT
The 5th Massachusetts (Militia) Infantry, Company A, was accepted in state service at Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, on 15 April, 1861, and was ordered to Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, at 12 PM on 19 April, 1861.
Company H Salem City Guards: CAPT. H F DANFORTH
The 7th Massachusetts (Militia) Infantry, Company H, was accepted in state service at Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, on 19 April 1861, and was ordered to Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, at 9 AM on 20 April, 1861.
Company I Somerville Light Infantry: CAPT. G O BRASTOW
The 5th Massachusetts (Militia) Infantry, Company B, was accepted in state service at Somerville, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, on 15 April, 1861, and was ordered to Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 19 April, 1861.
Company K Charlestown City Guards: CAPT. J B NORTON
The 5th Massachusetts (Militia) Infantry, Company H, was accepted in state service at Charlestown, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, under the command of Captain J T Boyd, on 15 April, 1861, and was ordered to Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 19 April, 1861. Captain J T Boyd was appointed major, 5th Massachusetts Infantry, on 5 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant J B Norton was appointed captain, 5th Massachusetts Infantry, Company K, on 7 July, 1861.

Sources

"About half past twelve o'clock yesterday the train in which the Washington Light Guards, Captain S. A. H. Marks, went to the Junction, returned, bringing with them Gen. B. F. Butler's Massachusetts brigade, comprising the fifth and eighth regiments, and a portion of Governor Sprague's Rhode Island regiment."

The National Republican, 27 April, 1861 - Arrival of troops

"At 91/2 o'clock, Capt. Rodier, with the Anderson Rifles, passed over the Chain Bridge and posted picket guards. At about 111/2 o'clock the remaining companies of the Georgetown battalion, under Major Hollingsworth, crossed the Aqueduct to reconnoiter and secure the roads. About 21/2 o'clock this morning the Sixty-ninth Regiment, Col. Corcoran, Fifth Massachusetts, Col. Lawrence, and Twenty-eighth Brooklyn, went over and took position on the Virginia side."

The National Republican, 24 May, 1861 - Movemets from Georgetown last night

"The garrison at Alexandria now consists as follows: Michigan First, Col. Willcox, 780 men; New York Fire Zouaves, Lieut. Colonel Farnham, 1,157 men; Massachusetts Fifth, Col. Lawrence, 880 men; Pennsylvania Fifth, Col. McDowell, 1,014 men; Captain Rickett's Light Battery, (regulars) six pieces, 100 men; company E, second cavalry, Lieut. Sweet commanding, 76 men - total 3,901."

The Evening Star, 4 June, 1861 - Troops stationed at Alexandria, Virginia

"The Fifth Regiment, Third Brigade, Second Division, commanded by Col. Samuel C. Lawrence, was ordered to report for active duty on the 19th April. From the Seventh Regiment, Companies B, Capt. Peirson; E, Capt. Locke; F, Capt. Baily; G, Capt. Messer; and H , Capt. Danforth, - were ordered to join the Fifth. Company F, declining to go, was immediately disbanded; and a new company, which Capt. Wardwell had been authorised the day before to raise, was taken in its place. On the 20th, at four o'clock in the morning, Major Asa. F. Cook was ordered to join, with his Light Artillery, Col. Lawrence's command At ten o'clock of the same forenoon, he was ready with his company to march. Before night, all of these troops were on their way to Washington."

Massachusetts in the Rebellion: A record of the historical position of the Commonwealth and the services of the leading statesmen, the military, the colleges, and the people, in the Civil War of 1861-65, by P C Headley

"The regular cavalry and a battery of artillery led the advance of our division, followed by the First Minnesota, Col. Gorman, the Massachusetts Eleventh, Col.Clark, then the Fifth Massachusetts, Col. Lawrence, this giving our brigade the right of line. Gen. McDowell and staff led our division. As we left Cenreville we passed by the camps of the Fourth Pennsylvania Regiment and the New York Eighth battery, and to our surprise we learned that they refused to advance, claiming that their time had expired on the day before."

What I saw at Bull Run: An address by Edwin S. Barrett, delivered in the Town Hall, Concord, Mass., 21st July, 1886, on the 25th anniversary of the battle of Bull Run, at the reunion of the veterans of Co. G, Concord Artillery, Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., Capt. George L Prescott

"The 5th regiment, Mass. militia, volunteered for three months, and with the addition of one company from the 1st and four from the 7th militia, it reported for duty at Washington, where it was mustered into U. S. service, May 1, 1861."

Massachusetts in the Civil War, by William Schouler

"Fifty from the Fifth Regiment, together with fifty from the First Minnesota Regiment, detailed at Alexandria as pioneers, with an axe apiece, and their guns slung across their backs, closely folowed the skirmishers."

Massachusetts Register, 1862, containing a record of the Government and Institutions of the State, together with a very complete account of the Massachusetts Volunteers, Serial No.94, by Adams, Sampson & Co.

"At this time it received a full uniform of dark blue, the regular army uniform, and it is said that the Fifth Massachusetts was the only militia regiment so clothed."

History and complete roster of the Massachusetts regiments, minute men of '61 who responded to the first call of President Abraham Lincoln, 15 April, 1861, to defend the flag and Constitution of the United States together with photographs and biographical sketches of minute men of Massachusetts, by George W Nason

The Richardson Light Guard of Wakefield, Massachusetts: A town militia in war and peace, by Barry M. Stentiford

The Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry in its three tours of duty 1861, 1862-63, 1864, by Alfred S Roe

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 1, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Delaware

Notes

The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was accepted in state service on 15 April, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 19 April, 1861. Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, I, and K, arrived at Faneuil Hall, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 19 April, 1861, and Company H on 20 April, 1861.

Note: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861.

Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, to Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 21 April, 1861: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Boston & Worcester Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 7 AM on 21 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Boston Light Artillery (See the Three Months' Vlunteers, Department of Washington). The regiment arrived at Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, at 9 AM the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Western Massachusetts Railroad to Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, in the morning on 21 April, 1861. The 5th Massachusetts Infantry arrived by the New York & New Haven Railroad at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, via Springfield, Massachusetts, Worcester County, and New Haven, New London County, Connecticut, at 8 PM on 21 April, 1861.

Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 23-24 April, 1861: Four companies of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry, under the command of Major H W Keyes, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Ariel to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 4 AM on 23 April, 1861, and were accompanied by the 3rd Massachusetts Battalion Rifles (See the Garrison at Fort Mchenry, Department of Annapolis). Six companies of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry, under the command of Colonel S C Lawrence, were ordered to proceed by the steamer DeSoto to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 4 AM on 23 April, 1861, and were accompanied by the Boston Light Artillery. The steamers DeSoto and Ariel arrived at Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Virginia, at 12 PM and 4 PM the same day, respectively, and were ordered to proceed to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the evening on 23 April, 1861. The 5th Massachusetts Infantry arrived at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 7 AM on 24 April, 1861, and disembarked at the grounds of the United States Naval Academy, near Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the afternoon the same day.

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 25-27 April, 1861: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 11.30 PM on 25 April, 1861, and arrived between 7.30 AM and 12.30 PM on 26 April, 1861. Four companies of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry, under the command of Colonel S C Lawrence, were ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Washington, D. C., between 9 and 10 AM the same day and were accompanied by the Washington Light Guards, the 8th Massachusetts Infantry, and a detachment of the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry. The four companies of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at 12 PM the same day. Six companies of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel G H Pierson, were ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Washington, D. C., at 3 AM on 27 April, 1861, and were accompanied by the 71st New York State Militia Infantry. The six companies of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., at 6 AM the same day (See the 71st New York State Militia Infantry).

Note: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry, Companies F and G, arrived at Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 11 AM on 26 April, 1861, and the 69th New York State Militia Infantry was arrived at Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 5.30 PM on 28 April, 1861 (See the 69th New York State Militia Infantry). A detachment of twenty-seven men of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry, Company H, under the command of First Lieutenant K Stark, was assigned to guard the baggage at Patuxent Iron Works, on the Little Patuxent River, near Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, between 26 and 29 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., on 29 April, 1861.

Treasury building, near the White House, Washington, D. C., 27 April, 1861: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was stationed at the Treasury building, near the White House, Washington, D. C., on 27 April, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Washington, D. C., 1 May, 1861: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Jackson Square, opposite the White House, on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., by Major & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 1 May, 1861.

Note: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was assigned to guard duty at the Treasury Building, the President's House, and the War Department, on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., between 27 April and 24 May, 1861.

Abstract from returns of the volunteer troops in the Department of Washington, Colonel J F K Mansfield, United States Army, commanding, 30 April, 1861: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was stationed at the Treasury Building, Washington, D. C., on 30 April, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, & Alexandria, Virginia, 25-26 May, 1861: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 10 PM on 25 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Andrew, near the Washington & Alexandria Turnpike, between Four Miles Run and Alexandria, Virginia, at 12 AM on 26 May, 1861 (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Note: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was assigned to build Fort Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, Virginia, under the supervision of First Lieutenant G W Synder, United States Corps Engineers, on 28 May, 1861 (See the United States Corps Engineers).

General Orders No.1, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, 28 May, 1861: The 1st Michigan Infantry, the 5th Massachusetts Infantry, the 11th New York Infantry, and other troops or detachments at Alexandria, Virginia, were assigned to Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.1, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

Note: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was assigned to guard duty on the Washington & Alexandria Turnpike on 1 June, 1861.

Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, Virginia, 2 June, 1861: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, in the afternoon on 2 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Michigan Infantry and the 11th New York Infantry. The regiment arrived at Camp Massachusetts, on Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day.

Troops stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, 4 June, 1861: 1st Michigan Infantry, Colonel O B Willcox (See the 1st Michigan Infantry); 11th New York Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel N Farnham (See the 11th New York Infantry); 5th Massachusetts Infantry, Colonel S C Lawrence; 5th Pennsylvania Infantry, Colonel R P McDowell (See the 5th Pennsylvania Infantry); 1st United States Artillery, Light Company I, First Lieutenant D Ramsay (See the 1st United States Artillery, Light Company I); 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K (See the United States Battalion Cavalry)

Special Orders No.17, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 1 July, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry and the 5th Massachusetts Infantry were assigned to Colonel W B Franklin, 12th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.17, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Third Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel W B Franklin, 12th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Old Fairfax Road to Pohick Run at 10 AM on 16 July, 1861, and proceeded across Accotink Creek in the afternoon the same day. The regiment arrived near Pohick Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 PM on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered across Pohick Run at 5.30 AM the on 17 July, 1861. The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Pohick Road to Sangster's Station, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day and arrived via Sangster's or Elzey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 17 July, 1861. The regiment arrived near a country house on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad in the evening the same day and was ordered to Little Rocky Run, east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 18 July, 1861. The 5th Massachusetts Infantry arrived by the Old Braddock Road at Little Rocky Run, east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day.

Note: A detachment of fifty men of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry and the 1st Minnesota Infantry were assigned as pioneers on 16 July, 1861 (See the 1st Minnesota Infantry), and a detachment of forty members of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry, Company D, under the command of Captain C P Messer, were ordered to Wolf Run Shoals, on the Occoquan River, on 18 July, 1861. The detachment arrived at Little Rocky Run, east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9.30 PM the same day.

Little Rocky Run, east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 2.30 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the 5th Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861, and proceeded to Washington, D. C., at 1.30 AM on 22 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Camp Massachusetts, between Shuter's Hill and Alexandria, via Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day and was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the command of Major J T Boyd, at 12 PM on 22 July, 1861. The 5th Massachusetts Infantry arrived at Washington, D. C., at 4 PM the same day.

Note: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was stationed at Washington, D. C., on 25 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, 31 July, 1861: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, at 10 AM on the 28 July, 1861, and arrived at Park Barracks, Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, in the afternoon on 29 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed by steamer to Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, at 7 PM the same day and arrived at 1 PM on 30 July, 1861. The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was mustered out at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 31 July, 1861.

Reorganised, September and October 1861 & July 1864: The 5th Massachusetts Infantry was mustered in United States service for nine months at Wenham, Essex County, Massachusetts, in September and October 1861 and was mustered out on 2 July, 1863. The regiment was mustered in United States service for one hundred days in July 1864 and was mustered out at Readville, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, on 16 November, 1864.

Colonel W B Franklin, 12th United States Infantry, First Brigade, Third Division, McDowell's Army: Captain W B Franklin, United States Corps Topographical Engineers, was appointed superintending engineer in charge of the extension of the Capital (including the new dome), and the General Post Office, Washington, D. C., between 1 November, 1859 and 3 March, 1861, and chief of the Construction Bureau, United States Treasury Department, and superintending engineer of the Treasury Building extension between 3 March and 14 May, 1861 (See the United States Corps Topographical Engineers, Balloon Detachment). He was stationed at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 1 June, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 12th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861. Colonel W B Franklin, 12th United States Infantry, was appointed brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Colonel S P Heintzelman, 17th United States Infantry, Third Division, McDowell's Army: Major S P Heintzelman, 1st United States Infantry, was ordered to Washington, D. C., by General Orders No.12, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 27 April, 1861, and proceeded by the New Jersey Railroad in the morning on 3 May, 1861. He arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, in the morning on 4 May, 1861, and was appointed acting inspector general, Department of Washington, by Special Orders No.20, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 8 May, 1861. Acting Inspector General & Major S P Heintzelman was assigned to command the the 8th New York State Militia Infantry, the 12th New York State Militia Infantry, and the 25th New York State Militia Infantry by General Orders No.1, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Department of Notheastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 17th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861. Colonel S P Heintzelman, 17th United States Infantry, was appointed brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Note: The 1st United States Infantry, Company A, was stationed at Camp Verde, on the San Antonio & El Paso Road, Kerr County, Texas, under the command of Major S P Heintzelman, 1st United States Infantry, on 1 January, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.44: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p408-410
Colonel W B Franklin, Twelfth United States Infantry, First Brigade, Third Division, McDowell's Army, dated 28 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.43: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p402-404
Colonel S P Heintzleman, Seventeenth United States Infantry, Third Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 31 July, 1861