The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Third Division

Colonel J F Hartranft, 4th Pennsylvannia Infantry

Colonel J F Hartranft, 4th Pennsylvannia Infantry

Fourth Pennsylvania Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three months 19 and 20 April, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 8 May, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Bull Run

COLONEL J F HARTRANFT
Colonel J F Hartranft, 4th Pennsylvania Infantry, was assigned as a volunteer aide to Colonel W B Franklin, First Brigade, Third Division, McDowell's Army, on 21 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL EDWARD SCHALL

MAJOR EDWIN SCHALL

Company A Wayne Artillerists: CAPT. W J BOLTON
The company was accepted in state service at Norristown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 2.30 PM on 20 April, 1861.
Company B Norris City Rifles: CAPT. R E TAYLOR
The company was accepted in state service at Norristown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 2.30 PM on 20 April, 1861.
Company C Madison Guards: CAPT. J R BROOKE
The company was accepted in state service at Pottsdown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861.
Company D National Artillery: CAPT. R T SCHALL
The company was accepted in state service at Norristown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 2.30 PM on 20 April, 1861.
Company E Keystone Rifles: CAPT. G AMEY
The company was accepted in state service at Norristown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 2.30 PM on 20 April, 1861.
Company F Delaware County Union Rifles or Media Union Rifles: CAPT. G DUNN
The company was accepted in state service at Media, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, via Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the afternoon on 19 April, 1861.
Company G Lewisburg Infantry: CAPT. J W CHAMBERLIN
The company was accepted in state service at Lewisburg, Union County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 19 April, 1861. The company arrived at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, at 1 PM the same day.
Company H Eagle Guards: CAPT. A B SNYDER
The company was accepted in state service at Bellefonte, Centre County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 20 April, 1861. The company arrived at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 21 April, 1861.
Company I National Artillery, Second Company: CAPT. W ALLABAUGH
The company was accepted in state service at Norristown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 2.30 PM on 20 April, 1861.
Company K Norris City Rifles, Second Company: CAPT. W H COOK
The company was accepted in state service at Norristown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 2.30 PM on 20 April, 1861. Captain W H Cook was assigned as aide de camp on the staff of Colonel D Hunter prior to the first battle of Bull Run.
Band: Band Ldr. D H Stubblebine
The band was accepted in state service with thirteen musicians on 21 April, 1861, and was mustered in United States service for three months at Camp Curtin, County Fairgrounds, near Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, the same day.

Sources

"On last Saturday the Eagle Guards, numbering one hundred men, under command of Capt. Snyder, started from this place for the seat of war."

The Centre Democrat, 26 April, 1861 - Military movements

"On Saturday morning we elected officers and during the day were sworn into service."

The Union County Star and Lewisburg Chronicle, 26 April, 1861 - Camp opposite Havre de Grace, Monday Eve., 22 April, 1861

"Last Thursday afternoon, we embarked on board two steamers of the Philadelphia and New York Express Line, and reached this place at 1 o'clock, A. M."

The Union County Star and Lewisburg Chronicle, 3 May, 1861 - From the Lewisburg Infantry, 3d Comp. 4th Reg. Penn. Vol., Annapolis, (28 April, 1861)

"The fourth Pennsylvania regiment reached here about half past six o'clock last evening, having lefy Annapolis about one o'clock in the afternoon. The regiment has ten companies, numbering eight hundred men, all strong and robust, and capable of enduring all manner of hardships. They are quartered in the rooms just vacated by the New York twelfth regiment, in the Assembly Rooms and in Trinity Church."

The National Republican, 9 May, 1861 - The arrival of the Fourth Pennsylvania Regiment

"Several companies of the fourth and fifth Pennsylvania regiments proceeded out to their place of encampment, near Glenwood cemetery, yesterday afternoon."

The National Republican, 23 May, 1861 - Gone into camp

"The fourth Pennsylvania regiment, Col. Hartranft, left their quarters, near Benning's Bridge, about four o'clock yesterday, and marched over the Long Bridge, to take position with the other regiments, a few miles this side of Vienna."

The National Republican, 19 June, 1861 - Departure of troops for the seat of war

"The fourth Pennsylvania regiment, Col. Hartranft, left yesterday, at two o'clock, for their homes, having served out their term of three months."

The National Republican, 24 July, 1861 - Returned home

"On Saturday, the 20 July, the question of muster out was freely agitated, the term of enlistment expiring on the following day."

History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-5, prepared in complience with acts of the legislation, Volume 1, by Samuel P Bates

The Civil War journals of Colonel Bolton, 51st Pennsylvania, 20 April 1861-2 August 1865, edited by Richard Allen Sauers

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 1, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Delaware

Notes

The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry was accepted in state service on 17 April, 1861, and Companies F and G arrived at Camp Curtin, the Dauphin County Agricultural Society, near Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 19 April, 1861; Companies A, B, C, D, E, I, and K on 20 April, 1861; and Company H on 21 April, 1861.

Note: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 20 & 21 April, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, I, and K, were mustered in United States service for three months at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 20 April, 1861, and Company H on 21 April, 1861.

Note: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A, B,C, D, E, I, and K, were stationed at Pottsdown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, on 20 April, 1861.

Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, to Perryville, Cecil County, Maryland, 21-22 April, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Harrisburg & Lancaster Railroad to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 4 PM on 21 April, 1861, and arrived by the Pennsylvania Railroad via Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, at 1 AM on 22 April, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad to Perryville, Cecil County, Maryland, at 6 AM the same day and was accompanied by a company of the 23rd Pennsylvania Infantry, under the command of Colonel C P Dare (See the First Brigade, First Division, Army of Pennsylvania). The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry arrived by the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad at Perryville, Cecil County, opposite Havre de Grace, Harford County, Maryland, via Wilmington, New Castle County, Delaware, in the evening on 22 April, 1861.

Note: The excess men of the Eagle Guards were organised as the Curtin Guards at Camp Curtin, County Fairgrounds, near Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 21 April, 1861, and was mustered in United States service as the 10th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company B, on 24 April, 1861. The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry and 5th Pennsylvania Infantry were stationed at Perryville, Cecil County, Maryland, at 6 PM on 23 April, 1861.

Perryville, Cecil County, to Annapolis, Anne Arundal County, Maryland, Companies A, C, D, F, & I, 24-25 April, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies A, C, D, F, and I, under the command of Colonel J F Hartranft, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Annapoils to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the afternoon on 24 April, 1861, and arrived at 2 AM on 25 April, 1861. Companies A, C, D, F, and I were ordered to the magazine of the Naval Academy, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, the same day and were assigned to guard the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad between Annapolis, Anne Arundal County, and Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, between 25 April and 8 May, 1861.

Perryville, Cecil County, to Annapolis, Anne Arundal County, Maryland, Companies B, E, G, H, & K, 25-26 April, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry, Companies B, E, G, H, and K, under the command of Major E Schall, were ordered to procced by two steamers of the Philadelphia & New York Express Line to Annapolis, Anne Arundal County, Maryland, in the afternoon on 25 April, 1861, and arrived at 1 AM on 26 April, 1861. Companies B, E, G, H, and K encamped near the United States Naval Academy in the morning the same day.

Note: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry, the 13th New York State Militia Infantry, part of the 6th New York State Militia Infantry, and the Varian's Light Artillery were on garrison duty at Annapolis, Anne Arundal County, Maryland, on 5 May, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Annapolis).

Annapolis, Anne Arundal County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 8 May, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 1 PM on 8 May, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 6.30 PM the same day.

Assembly buildings & the old Trinity or Plymouth Church, on Louisiana Avenue, on the corner of Sixth Street, Washington, D. C., 8 May, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry was stationed at the Assembly buildings and the old Trinity or Plymouth Church, on Louisiana Avenue, on the corner of Sixth Street, Washington, D. C., on 8 May, 1861.

Assembly buildings & the old Trinity or Plymouth Church, on Louisiana Avenue, on the corner of Sixth Street, Washington, to Glenwood Cemetery, on North Capitol Street, D. C., 24 May, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to Glenwood Cemetery, D. C., on North Capitol Street, D. C., on 24 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Montgomery, near Glenwood Cemetery, on North Capitol Street, D. C., the same day.

Glenwood Cemetery, on North Capitol Street, D. C., to Fort Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, Virginia, 18 June, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 2 PM on 18 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hale, near Fort Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, via Alexandria, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day.

Skirmish on the Old Fairfax Road, 30 June, 1861: A detachment of the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company E, under the command of Second Lieutenant M R M'Clennan, 4th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company B, was engaged in a skirmish on the Old Fairfax Road at 2 AM on 30 June, 1861, and detachments of the 11th New York Infantry and 4th Pennsylvania Infantry were ordered as support the same day (See the 11th New York Infantry).

Special Orders No.17, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 1 July, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry and the 5th Massachusetts Infantry were assigned to Colonel W B Franklin, 12th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.17, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Third Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel W B Franklin, 12th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Old Fairfax Road to Pohick Run at 10 AM on 16 July, 1861, and proceeded across Accotink Creek in the afternoon the same day. The regiment arrived near Pohick Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 PM on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered across Pohick Run at 5.30 AM the on 17 July, 1861. The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Pohick Road to Sangster's Station, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day and arrived via Sangster's or Elzey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 17 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Little Rocky Run, east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived by the Old Braddock Road at 9 PM the same day.

Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Washington, D. C., 20 & 21 July, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry three months term of service expired on 20 July, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., in the morning on 21 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Camp Hale, near Fort Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel E Schall, the same day.

Note: Colonel J F Hartranft, 4th Pennsylvania Infantry, was assigned as a volunteer aide to Colonel W B Franklin, 12th United States Infantry, and Captain W H Cook, 4th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company K, to Colonel D Hunter, United States Mounted Riflemen, on 21 July, 1861.

Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 23 July, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 2 PM on 23 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 27 July, 1861: The 4th Pennsylvania Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 23 July, 1861, and was mustered out on 27 July, 1861.

Colonel W B Franklin, 12th United States Infantry, First Brigade, Third Division, McDowell's Army: Captain W B Franklin, United States Corps Topographical Engineers, was appointed superintending engineer in charge of the extension of the Capital (including the new dome), and the General Post Office, Washington, D. C., between 1 November, 1859 and 3 March, 1861, and chief of the Construction Bureau, United States Treasury Department, and superintending engineer of the Treasury Building extension between 3 March and 14 May, 1861 (See the United States Corps Topographical Engineers, Balloon Detachment). He was stationed at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 1 June, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 12th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861. Colonel W B Franklin, 12th United States Infantry, was appointed brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Colonel S P Heintzelman, 17th United States Infantry, Third Division, McDowell's Army: Major S P Heintzelman, 1st United States Infantry, was ordered to Washington, D. C., by General Orders No.12, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 27 April, 1861, and proceeded by the New Jersey Railroad in the morning on 3 May, 1861. He arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, in the morning on 4 May, 1861, and was appointed acting inspector general, Department of Washington, by Special Orders No.20, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 8 May, 1861. Acting Inspector General & Major S P Heintzelman was assigned to command the the 8th New York State Militia Infantry, the 12th New York State Militia Infantry, and the 25th New York State Militia Infantry by General Orders No.1, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Department of Notheastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 17th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861. Colonel S P Heintzelman, 17th United States Infantry, was appointed brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Note: The 1st United States Infantry, Company A, was stationed at Camp Verde, on the San Antonio & El Paso Road, Kerr County, Texas, under the command of Major S P Heintzelman, 1st United States Infantry, on 1 January, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.44: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p408-410
Colonel W B Franklin, Twelfth United States Infantry, First Brigade, Third Division, McDowell's Army, dated 28 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.43: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p402-404
Colonel S P Heintzleman, Seventeenth United States Infantry, Third Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 31 July, 1861