The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Second Brigade, Third Division

Private F E Brownell, 11th New York Infantry, Company A

Private F E Brownell, 11th New York Infantry, Company A

Eleventh New York Infantry

Mustered in United States service for two years 7 May, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 2 May, 1861

COLONEL N FARNHAM
E E Ellsworth was appointed colonel, 11th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 7 May, 1861, and was killed by Mr J W Jacksonat the Marshall House Hotel, Alexandria, Virginia, on 24 May, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel N L Farnham, 11th New York Infantry, was appointed, colonel, 11th New York Infantry, on 4 June, 1861, and died from wounds received at the first battle of Bull Run at Washington, D. C., on 14 August, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J A CREGIER
N L Farnham, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 11th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 7 May, 1861, and colonel, 11th New York Infantry, on 4 June, 1861. Major J A Cregier, 11th New York Infantry, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 11th New York Infantry, on 15 June, 186l, dated 7 June, 1861, and resigned on 21 September, 1861.

MAJOR C M LEOSER
J A Cregier was appointed major, 11th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 186l, dated 7 May, 1861, and lieutenant colonel, 11th New York Infantry, on 7 June, 1861. Second Lieutenant C M Leoser, 2nd United States Dragoons, was appointed first lieutenant and acting adjutant, 11th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 7 May, 1861, and major, 11th New York Infantry, on 15 June, 1861, dated 7 June, 1861.

Company A: CAPT. J COYLE
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 20 April, 1861, and J Coyle was appointed captain, 11th New York Infantry, Company A, on 4 July, 1861, dated, 20 April, 1861. Captain J Coyle resigned on 4 October, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. E BYRNEs
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 20 April, 1861, and E Byrnes was appointed captain, 11th New York Infantry, Company B, on 4 July, 1861, dated, 20 April, 1861. Captain E Byrnes, 11th New York Infantry, Company B, resigned on 4 October, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. M C MURPHY
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 20 April, 1861, and M C Murphy was appointed captain, 11th New York Infantry, Company C, on 4 July, 1861, dated, 20 April, 1861. Captain M C Murphy resigned on 4 August, 1861.
Company D: CAPT. J DOWNEY
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 20 April, 1861, and J Downey was appointed captain, 11th New York Infantry, Company D, on 4 July, 1861, dated, 20 April, 1861. Captain J Downey was captured at the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.
Company E: CAPT. J B Loverich
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 20 April, 1861, and J B Loverich was appointed captain, 11th New York Infantry, Company E, on 4 July, 1861, dated, 20 April, 1861. Captain J B Loverich resigned on 4 October, 1861.
Company F: CAPT. W H H BURNS
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 20 April, 1861, and W H H Burns was appointed captain, 11th New York Infantry, Company F, on 4 July, 1861, dated, 20 April, 1861. Captain W H H Burns, 11th New York Infantry, Company F, resigned on 1 August, 1861.
Company G: CAPT. M A TaGaN
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 20 April, 1861, and M A Tagan was appointed captain, 11th New York Infantry, Company G, on 4 July, 1861, dated, 20 April, 1861. Captain M A Tagan, 11th New York Infantry, Company G, resigned on 1 August, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. W HACKETT
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 20 April, 1861, and W Hackett was appointed captain, 11th New York Infantry, Company H, on 4 July, 1861, dated, 20 April, 1861. Captain W Hackett, 11th New York Infantry, Company H, resigned on 4 August, 1861.
Company I: CAPT. J WILDEY
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 20 April, 1861, and J Wildey was appointed captain, 11th New York Infantry, Company I, on 4 July, 1861, dated, 20 April, 1861.
Company K: CAPT. A D PURTELL
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 20 April, 1861, and A D Purtell was appointed captain, 11th New York Infantry, Company I, on 4 July, 1861, dated, 20 April, 1861.

Sources

"The following positions, as nearly as we can learn, are occupied by the northern troops in and around Washington: The 5th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Schwarzwealder, 1,100 men, is quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pinckney, 850 men, is quartered in the City of Washington and at Annapolis. The 7th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lefferts, 1,300 men, is encamped on Prospect Hill, a mile from the White House. The 8th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lyons, 960 men, occupy the Relay House, and a detachment is also stationed at Annapolis. The 12th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Butterfield, 950 men, is quartered in the City. The 13th Regiment N.Y.S.M. (Brooklyn), Colonel Smith, 1,100 men, is stationed at Annapolis. The 20th Regiment (Ulster) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pratt, 800 men, is stationed in Washington. The 25th Regiment (Albany) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Bryan, 800 men, is quartered in Washington. The 28th Regiment (Brooklyn) N.Y.S.M., Colonel M. Bennett, 550 men, is quartered in Washington. The 69th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Corcoran, 1,100 men, is quartered on Georgetown Heights, near the college. The 71st Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Vosburgh, 1,100 men, occupy the Navy yard. They also have control of three boats on the river, manned with 75 men each. The Alexandria bridge is also in charge of the 71st, 150 men stationed on the bridge with three pieces of ordnance. The 1st Regiment Firemen Zouaves (Volunteers), Colonel E. E. Ellsworth, 1,015 men, will soon be encamped on Georgetown Heights. They have been quartered in the Capital. Governor Sprague's Rhode Islanders, Colonel Burnside, 1,100 men, are quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment Massachusetts occupies the Relay House, nine miles from Baltimore. The 8th Massachusetts Regiment is quartered in Washington. A Regiment of pennsylvania troops is stationed at the Relay House with the Massachusetts 6th and New York 8th, while the remainder is stationed in Washington. The 4th New jersey Regiment has gone into encampment on Merdian Hill, near the camp of the New York 7th. About 2,700 New Jersey soldiers are quartered in Washington."

The Belmont Chronicle (St Clairsville, Belmont County, Ohio), 16 May, 1861 - Positions of Northern troops in the South

"The garrison at Alexandria now consists as follows: Michigan First, Col. Willcox, 780 men; New York Fire Zouaves, Lieut. Colonel Farnham, 1,157 men; Massachusetts Fifth, Col. Lawrence, 880 men; Pennsylvania Fifth, Col. McDowell, 1,014 men; Captain Rickett's Light Battery, (regulars) six pieces, 100 men; company E, second cavalry, Lieut. Sweet commanding, 76 men - total 3,901."

The Evening Star, 4 June, 1861 - Troops stationed at Alexandria, Virginia

"After the affair at Alexandria, the regiment took up camp (Camp Ellsworth) in the vicinity of that city, and were subsequently engaged in construction of Fort Ellsworth and in holding several points in the neighbourhood."

Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, Eighty-ninth session, 1866, Volume 4, Nos. 61 to 85 inclusive, by New York Legislature Assembly

With the 11th New York Fire Zouaves in camp, battle, and prison: The narrative of Private Arthur O'Neil Alcock in The New York Atlas and Leader, by Brian C Pohanka and Patrick A Schroeder

"The fort was named in honor of Colonel Elmer E. Ellsworth, 11th New York 'Fire' Zouaves. In 1861, it was an isolated field fort commanding Alexandria's strategically important river port and railroad depot."

Mr Lincoln's forts: A guide to the Civil War defenses of Washington D. C., New Edition, by Benjamin F Cooling II and Walton H Owen II

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 3, by Frederick Phisterer

Notes

The 11th New York Infantry was accepted in state service fot two years at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 20 April, 1861.

Note: The 11th New York Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861.

Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 28 April-2 May, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the steamer Baltic to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 6 PM on 28 April, 1861, and arrived at Chesapeake Bay at 8.30 PM on 30 April, 1861. The regiment arrived at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 11.30 AM on 1 May, 1861, and disembarked at 2 PM on 2 May, 1861.

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 2 May, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry was ordered to procced by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 4 PM on 2 may, 1861, and arrived at Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 5 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 2 May, 1861, and arrived at 9 PM on 2 May, 1861.

House of Representatives or Senate Chamber, Capitol, Washington, D. C., 2 May, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry was ordered to the House of Representatives or Senate Chamber, Capitol, Washington, D. C., on 2 May, 1861.

Mustered in two years, Washington, D. C., 7 May, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry was mustered in United States service for two years at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Major & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 7 May, 1861.

Washington to St Elizabeth's Hospital (Lunatic Asylum), on the heights above Giesboro Point, D. C., 10 May, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry arrived at Camp Lincoln, in the rear of the grounds of the St Elizabeth's Hospital (Lunatic Asylum), on the heights above Giesboro Point, D. C., on 10 May, 1861.

St Elizabeth's Hospital (Lunatic Asylum), on the heights above Giesboro Point, to G. W. Young's Farm, near Giesboro Point, on Eastern Branch of the Potomac or Anacostia River, opposite the Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C., 17 May, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry arrived at Camp Decker, G. W. Young's Farm, near Giesboro Point, on the Eastern Branch of the Potomac or Anacostia River, opposite the Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C., on 17 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., 22 May, 1861: Major General C W Sandford, New York Volunteers, was ordered to assume immediate command of all the regiments of his State within the District of Columbia, and to report directly to general headquarters by Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 22 May, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights & Alexandria, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry embarked on steamers James Guy and Mount Vernon at Giesboro Point, D. C., at 2 AM on 24 May, 1861, and was ordered across the Potomac River to Alexandria, Virginia, in the morning the same day. The steamers James Guy and Mount Vernon were accompanied by the sloop-of-war Pawnee and arrived at King Street Wharf, Alexandria, Virginia, at 4 AM on 24 May, 1861. The 11th New York Infantry disembarked King Street Wharf, Alexandria, Virginia, at 5 AM the same day and Company A, was ordered to the Telegraph Office, on Cameron Street, near King Street, Alexandria, Virginia, under the command of Colonel E E Ellsworth, 11th New York Infantry, and Company E to the Orange & Alexandria Railroad Depot in the morning on 24 May, 1861 (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Note: A detachment of twenty men of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company D, under the command of First Lieutenant G W Stow, was stationed on the steamer Baltimore and a detachment of twenty men of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company E, under the command of First Lieutenant T B Prendergast, on the steamer Mount Vernon on 24 May, 1861 (See the 71st New York State Militia Infantry).

Marshall House Hotel, on the corner of King & Pitt Streets, Alexandria, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: Colonel E E Ellsworth, 11th New York Infantry, was killed by J W Jackson at the Marshall House Hotel, on the corner of King and Pitt Streets, Alexandria, Virginia, at 5.18 AM on 24 May, 1861 (See the Garrison at Alexandria).

Note: The 11th New York Infantry, Company A, was stationed at the Marshall House Hotel, on the corner of King and Pitt Streets, Alexandria, Virginia; Company E, at the Orange & Alexandria Railroad Depot, Alexandria, Virginia; and Companies B, C, D, F, G, H, I, and K, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel N Farnham, at King's Street Wharf, Alexandria, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 24 May, 1861.

General Orders No.1, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, 28 May, 1861: The 1st Michigan Infantry, the 5th Massachusetts Infantry, the 11th New York Infantry, and other troops or detachments at Alexandria, Virginia, were assigned to Colonel C P Stone, 14th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.1, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

Note: The 11th New York Infantry was stationed at the Orange & Alexandria Railroad Depot, Alexandria, Virginia, between 24 and 27 May, 1861, and Company E at Kings Street Wharf, Alexandria, Virginia, between 23 May and 12 July, 1861.

Orange & Alexandria Railroad Depot to Shuter's Hill, half a mile southwest of Alexandria, Virginia, 27 May, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry was ordered to Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, on 27 May, 1861, and arrived at Ellsworth or Willcox, on Shuter's Hill, half a mile southwest of Alexandria, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 1st Michigan Infantry and 11th New York Infantry were stationed on Shuter's Hill, half a mile southwest of Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861 (See the 1st Michigan Infantry).

Shuter's Hill, half a mile southwest of Alexandria, Virginia, 31 May, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry was stationed at Camp Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, half a mile southwest of Alexandria, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861, and was assigned to build Fort Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, near Alexandria, Virginia, under the supervision of First Lieutenant G W Snyder, United States Corps Engineers, between 24 May and 8 July, 1861.

Note: The 11th New York Infantry, Company G, under the command of Captain M A Tagan, and the 1st Michigan Infantry, Company E, under the command of Captain W F Roth, were engaged in a skirmish at Cloud's Mill, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 11 PM on 31 May, 1861.

Troops stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, 4 June, 1861: 1st Michigan Infantry, Colonel O B Willcox (See the 1st Michigan Infantry); 11th New York Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel N Farnham; 5th Massachusetts Infantry, Colonel S C Lawrence (See the 5th Massachusetts Infantry); 5th Pennsylvania Infantry, Colonel R P McDowell (See the 5th Pennsylvania Infantry); 1st United States Artillery, Light Company I, First Lieutenant D Ramsay (See the 1st United States Artillery, Light Company I); 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K (See the United States Battalion Cavalry)

Troops stationed at Cloud's Mill, Fairfax County, Virginia, Companies A, D, I, H, & K, 9, 19, 20, 27, 28 June, & 3 & 12 1861: The 11th New York Infantry, Company A, was stationed at Cloud's Mill, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 9 June and 3 and 12 July, 1861; Company D in the evening on 9 June, 1861; Company H on 12 July, 1861; Company I on 19 and 20 June, 1861; and Company K on 27 and 28 June, 1861.

Alexandria & Cloud's Mill, Fairfax County, Virginia, 27 June, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, F, H, and I, were ordered to Alexandria, Virginia, and Company G was assigned to guard at Camp Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, half a mile southwest of Alexandria, Virginia, in the evening on 27 June, June, 1861. The 11th New York Infantry, Companies G and I, were ordered to Cloud's Mill, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and were accompanied by the 5th Pennsylvania Infantry and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K.

Note: The 11th New York Infantry, Company K, was stationed at Cloud's Mill, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 27 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.17, Paragrpgh II, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 1 July, 1861: The 1st Michigan Infantry and the 11th New York Infantry were assigned to Colonel O B Willcox, 1st Michigan Infantry, by Special Orders No.17, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, Third Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel O B Willcox, 1st Michigan Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Cameron's Run, near Clouds Mill, on the Little River Turnpike, Fairfax County, Virginia, 9 July, 1861: The 1st Michigan Infantry, Company I, and the 11th New York Infantry, Company A, were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Cameron's Run, near Clouds Mill, on the Little River Turnpike, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 9 July, 1861.

Fort Ellsworth, on Shuter's Hill, to Cameron's Run, near the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, four miles from Alexandria, Virginia, 11 July, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry was ordered to Cameron's Run, near the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, four miles from Alexandria, Virginia, in the afternoon on 11 July, 1861.

Note: The Second Brigade, Third Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel O B Wilcox, was organised with the 11th New York Infantry and the 1st Michigan Infantry on 3 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Old Fairfax Road to Pohick Run at 10 AM on 16 July, 1861, and proceeded across Accotink Creek in the afternoon the same day. The regiment arrived near Pohick Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 PM on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered across Pohick Run at 5.30 AM the on 17 July, 1861. The 11th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Pohick Road to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day and arrived via Sangster's or Elzey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 17 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day but the order was countermanded and arrived near Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 17 July, 1861. The 11th New York Infantry was ordered to Little Rocky Run, east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived by the Old Braddock Road at 8.30 PM the same day.

Little Rocky Run, east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 11th New York Infantry was ordered to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 2.30 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12.30 PM the same day.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle the 11th New York Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Ellsworth, Shuters Hill, near Alexandria, via Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 22 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 2 June, 1862: The 11th New York Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J E MacFarland, was was mustered out at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 2 June, 1862.

Colonel O B Willcox, 1st Michigan Infantry, Second Brigade, Third Division, McDowell's Army: O B Willcox organised the 1st Michigan Infantry at Fort Wayne, Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, and was appointed colonel in May 1861. Colonel B Willcox, 1st Michigan Infantry, was appointed brigadier general dated 21 July, 1861.

Colonel S P Heintzelman, 17th United States Infantry, Third Division, McDowell's Army: Major S P Heintzelman, 1st United States Infantry, was ordered to Washington, D. C., by General Orders No.12, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 27 April, 1861, and proceeded by the New Jersey Railroad in the morning on 3 May, 1861. He arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, in the morning on 4 May, 1861, and was appointed acting inspector general, Department of Washington, by Special Orders No.20, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 8 May, 1861. Acting Inspector General & Major S P Heintzelman was assigned to command the the 8th New York State Militia Infantry, the 12th New York State Militia Infantry, and the 25th New York State Militia Infantry by General Orders No.1, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Department of Notheastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 17th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861. Colonel S P Heintzelman, 17th United States Infantry, was appointed brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Note: The 1st United States Infantry, Company A, was stationed at Camp Verde, on the San Antonio & El Paso Road, Kerr County, Texas, under the command of Major S P Heintzelman, 1st United States Infantry, on 1 January, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.46: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p408-410
Colonel O B Willcox, First Michigan Infantry, Second Brigade, Third Division, McDowell's Army, dated Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, 3 September, 1862

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.43: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p402-404
Colonel S P Heintzleman, Seventeenth United States Infantry, Third Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 31 July, 1861