The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia

The entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, 14 September, 1861

The entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 14 September, 1861

Entrenched Naval Batteries

Arrived at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, between 5 May and 13 July, 1861. Stationed within the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July 1861

CAPTAIN I S STERRETT
Captain I S Sterrett, Confederate States Navy, was assigned to command the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by General Orders No.24, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 23 June, 1861, and was appointed commandant of batteries by Special Orders No.92, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861.

Batteries A and C

COMMANDER F CHATARD, Confederate States Navy
Commander F Chatard, United States Navy, resigned on 24 April, 1861, and was appointed commander, Confederate States Navy, on 15 June, 1861. Commander F Chatard, Confederate States Navy, was appointed assistant commandant of batteries within the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.111, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Hardaway's Alabama Volunteers or Light Infantry: CAPT. R A Hardaway
Hardaway's Alabama Volunteers or Light Infantry was assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel S Jones, chief of artillery and ordnance, at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.94, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).

Armament: Six 32 pounder pieces stationed within the entrenched naval batteries, A and C, at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861.

Batteries D and G

FIRST LIEUTENANT W A WEBB, Confederate States Navy
First Lieutenant W A Webb, United States Navy, resigned on 17 May, 1861, and was appointed first lieutenant, Confederate States Navy, on 10 June, 1861. First Lieutenant W A Webb, Confederate States Navy, was appointed as assistant commandant of batteries within the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.111, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

North Sumter Rifles: CAPT. A S van de graaf
The North Sumter Rifles was assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel S Jones, chief of artillery and ordnance, at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.94, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).

Armament: Six 32 pounder pieces stationed within the entrenched naval batteries, D and G, at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861.

Battery I

FIRST LIEUTENANT J VALENTINE, Confederate States Army
First Lieutenant J Valentine, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery within the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.43, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was appointed assistant commandant of batteries within the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.111, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Detachment of North Sumter Rifles & Madison Artillery or Tips (Tipperarys)
A detachment of the North Sumter Rifles (29) and Madison Artillery or Tips (Tipperarys) was assigned to Battery I, under the command of First Lieutenant J Valentine, Confederate States Army, by Special Orders No.111, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).

Armament: Three 32 pounder pieces stationed within the entrenched naval battery I at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861.

Batteries N and P

FIRST LIEUTENANT J W BENNETT, Confederate States Navy
First Lieutenant J W Bennett, United States Navy, was dismissed on 19 April, 1861, and was appointed first lieutenant, Confederate States Navy, on 20 June, 1861. First Lieutenant J W Bennett was appointed assistant commandant of batteries within the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.111, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Madison Artillery or Tips (Tipperarys): CAPT. G V Moody
The Madison Tipperarys was assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel S Jones, chief of artillery and ordnance, at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.94, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).

Armament: Three 32 pounder pieces stationed within the entrenched naval battery N and three 42 pounders at battery P at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861.

Batteries R and S

FIRST LIEUTENANT L H LYNE, Provisional Navy of Virginia
First Lieutenant L Lyne, United States Navy, was assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery within the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.110, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861, and was appointed assistant commandant of batteries within the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.111, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery: CAPT. T Triplett
The Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery was assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel S Jones, chief of artillery and ordnance, at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.92, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).

Armament: Four 32 pounder pieces stationed within the entrenched naval batteries, R and S, at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861.

Greene Rough and Readys: CAPT. ST CLair T DEANE
The Greene Rough and Readys was assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery within the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel S Jones, chief of artillery and ordnance, by Special Orders No.111, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).
155th Virginia Militia (Greene County), Davis' Company: CAPT. J G E Davis
The 155th Virginia Militia (Greene County), Davis' Company, arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 14 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery within entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel S Jones, chief of artillery and ordnance, by Special Orders No.122, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861 (See the Virginia Militia).
Beauregard Rifles: CAPT. F B Schaeffer
The Beauregard Rifles was detached from the 1st Virginia Infantry and assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery within the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, under the command of Captain I S Sterrett, Confederate States Navy, by Special Orders No.298, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 7 September, 1861 (See the Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry).

Books/ Manuscripts

"For the first time an attempt was made to form us into a regiment. Two companies from Calhoun County, Ala., one from Mobile, and our company, making four, were organized into a battalion and was known as the Fifth Alabama Battalion of Infantry. Our old guns were exchanged for muskets. These muskets were old flint and steel guns of the Revolutionary War, and had been changed into percussion guns by removing the flints, plugging up the powder holes at the powder pans, and putting in tubes and hammers to match. Captain Vandegraaf of our company was made Major and put in command."

'We were soon to see actual fighting. An order was issued to our battalion to lay aside our muskets and take charge of some heavy guns in the earthen forts erected at Manassas. These forts were made of earth thrown up pretty high with openings at intervals for the thirty-two pound guns. These openings were thought to be well protected by bags filled with sand which were stacked up on either side of the embrasures. It was expected that these fortifications would be a protection for Gen. Beauregard's rear, and in case he was driven back this would afford a rallying point. Every day, twice a day, for hours at a time we were drilled to load and run these big guns out at the embrasures on trucks, fire, retire the guns, reload, etc., until we became proficient. This work, of course, became monotonous, but there was no let up, we were kept at it up till the time of the big battle. I was made captain of one of the gun crews and it was my duty to command them, sight and fire the cannon, have it mopped out, reload, etc."

War reminiscences of William F Fulton, 5th Alabama Battalion, Archer's Brigade, A. P. Hill's Light Division, by William Frierson Fulton, Jr.

"July 6 – Four companies left Lynchburg, Virginia on July 4, and arrived July 5 and were assigned to artillery service under Chief of Artillery. He has commanded batteries A, B, and C, in the entrenched camp at Manassas, since July 6. This company is attached to the garrison at Manassas as heavy artillery. The battalion or detachment is made up of two Virginia companies, which were received with less than the minimum number. One other full company from Alabama and Captain George Moody’s Louisiana Volunteers, the latter awaiting horses and guns, to go into light artillery. This detachment had been successively under Colonel (Samuel) Jones, Colonel Pendleton, and Captain Isaac (S.) Sterrett, Confederate Navy, who is permanent commandant of batteries in which guns from the Gosport Navy Yard, are mounted. Company officers have no commissions.
R. A. Hardaway,
Captain, Artillery, Alabama Volunteers
"

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 1, Serial No.13: Record of events for Hurt's Battery, Alabama Artillery, June 1862-February 1865, edited by James B Hewett

"A few days after, his company was ordered to Lynchburg, and he retraced his steps to Virginia along with his comrades. In June, 'The Rifles' were regularly mustered into service, with A. S. Van de Graff as their captain, and not long after, were ordered to Sterrett's Battery at Manassas. Here the company remained until after the battle of July 21st, when it was stationed at Cock Pit Point. Subsequently it was organised with four other companies from Alabama into the 5th Alabama Battalion, and placed under the command of Captain B. W. Frobel."

The University memorial: Biographical sketches of alumni of the University of Virginia who fell in the Confederate War, five Volumes in one, by Rev John Lipscomb Johnson, B A

"Colonel Terrett was placed in command of a newly formed Fourth Brigade composed of Moore's, Garland's and Corse's regiments of Virginia volunteers (the 1st, 11th and 17th Regiments) on June 20, 1861, but the arrival of a newly commissioned Confederate brigadier, James Longstreet, brought about Terret's replacement. He commanded the troops at Camp Pickens, Manassas, including a naval battery under Capt. Isaac S. Sterrett, CSN, from about July 10 to August 22, 1861, when he resigned his Virginia commission."

Biographical sketches of the commissioned officers of the Confederate States Marine Corps, edited by David M Sullivan

"I have been employed for four or five days in mounting a part of the 24 thirty two pounder guns (weighing from 4,500 lbs to 5000 lbs) on the batteries being established here and did not go with my company yesterday to Centreville (7 miles nearer Alexandria), because I was detailed to continue in that service at this place for sometime what length of time I cannot say. I suppose however that I will be here until the completion of the work and it may be that I will be tendered the command of one battery of three guns. I feel quite lonely since my separation from the artillery company although all the other Lynchburg companies are still here. The batteries here are under the supervision of gentlemanly Navy officers, one of whom gave me a tent near his own which I occupy exclusively."

"Capt. Sterrett today changed my appointment from Masters Mate to that of Assistant Gunner without changing my duties and merely to give me the advantage of 40$ instead of 25$ per month. In the event of an engagement here I will have the command of a battery of one 32 pounder gun just in the rear of Headquarters at a point on and commanding the road that leads to Centreville."

"The troops were all ordered forward this morning from here except one regiment and the men connected with the batteries. My men and I were all day in readiness at my battery that commands the Centreville road, on which the fight occurred and we could distinctly see the flash, and smoke and hear the roar of artillery."

The King Family Papers, manuscript, 1811-1890: Captain W King, Saltville Light Artillery, 22 June to 18 July, 1861, Manassas Junction

"The company was formed primarily from recruits of Greene County under Captain St. Clair Deane. The men left Standardsville for Camp Henry at Culpeper Court House on June 6. The company was present at the battle of First Manassas, but was held in reserve and did not become involved in the fighting."

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: 34th Virginia Infantry, 1st Edition No.744 of 1000, by Johnny L Scott

"Some of the batteries of the entrenched Camp Pickens seem to have been intended only for temporary use by light field guns in case of need. Others were permanently armed, there being a total of fifteen 24-pounder smoothbore guns mounted on naval carriages, and served and protected by a permanent garrison."

"Nevertheless, Beauregard's chief engineer, Col. Williamson, now took charge of the work, assisted by Capt. Harris and in some particulars Col. Terrett and by Capt. I S Sterrett, C S Navy, who later commanded the entrenched batteries and fifteen 24-pounder guns on naval carriages emplaced in them."

Bull Run Remembers, by Joseph M Hanson

"After making thorough and careful inquiries from persons living at this place, I learn that only about eighteen pieces of heavy artillery were at any one time in position at Manassas Junction, which, when added to the eight in the large fort at Centreville, makes twenty-six."

A History of the United States Secret Service, by L C Baker

"The works, armed with naval guns, were manned by the seamen already alluded to, and also by a force of State militia, which Governor Letcher had called out, at General Beauregard’s request."

"Some slight field-works constructed for the defense of the depot at Manassas Junction were armed with fourteen or fifteen old twenty-four-pounders on naval carriages, and occupied by two thousand men. The heavy artillery was under the command of naval officers."

Narrative of military operations directed, during the late War Between the States, by Joseph E Johnston

"On 21 June, 1861 Private King was detailed from the battery for several days in supervising the mounting of twenty-four 32-pounder guns on batteries being established at the camp (Camp Pickens)."

The Richmond Fayette, Hampden, Thomas, & Blount's Lynchburg Artilley, First Edition, No.630 of 1000, by R H Moore II

"At one time, when reports of evil omen and disaster reached Camp Pickens with such circumstantiality as to give reasonable grounds of anxiety, its commander, Colonel Terrett, the commander of the intrenched batteries, Captain Sterrett, of the C S Navy, and their officers, made the most efficient possible preparations for the desperate defense of that position in extremity; and in this connection I regret my inability to mention the names of those patriotic gentlemen of Virginia by the gratuitous labor of whose slaves the intrenched camp at Manassas had been mainly constructed, relieving the troops from that laborious service, and giving opportunity for their military instruction. Lieut. Col. Thomas H Williamson, the engineer of these works, assisted by Capt. D B Harris, discharged his duties with untiring energy and devotion as well as satisfactory skill."

"With Beauregard's army were several companies of Pickens' heavy artillery, numbering 293 officers and men, who were also not engaged."

The long arm of Lee or the history of the artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia with a brief account of the Confederate Bureau of Ordnance, Volume I, by Jennings C Wise

"Land-locked Manassas seemed an unlikely place to find a naval battery, but in July 1861, cannon captured at the Norfolk Navy Yard stood ready to defend Manassas Junction."

Images of America, Manassas: A place of passage, by Kathleen Mulvaney

"Appreciating such a feeling in men of their position, new to arduous duties of that kind, and wishing to avoid whatever might at that moment cause disffection, general Beauregard abstained from employing them on any but the most essential works, and procured, as far as possible, negro labor, which was furnished at his call, by the comparatively small number of slave-owners of the Piedmont region of Virginia, with great readiness."

"On the 18th, having begun to receive from Norfolk the naval guns for which he had called, to arm the works at Manassas, General Beauregard made a requisition for naval officers to command those batteries and drill the recruits. They came with a number of sailors, bringing their gun-ropes, blocks, and tackles, and their exercises the terms 'port' and 'starboard,' novel in the field, were used as familiarly as on board a man-of-war."

"The works, armed with naval guns, were manned by seamen already alluded to, and also by a force of State militia, which Governor Letcher had called out, at General Beauregard’s request."

The military operations of General Beauregard in the War Between the States, 1861 to 1865, including a brief personal sketch and a narrative of his services in the war with Mexico, 1846-8, Volume 1, by Alfred Roman

"Beauregard was busy fortifying, and concentrated his attention on Manassas itself rather than on the line of Bull Run. With the help of slave labour supplied by the neigbouring planters, he erected several considerable earthworks in front of the junction; later he place these under the command of Colonel Terrett, who was given about a thousand local militia to man the works, and some naval officers to see to the serving of the guns."

Bull Run: Its strategy and tactics, by R M Johnston

"A seccession of broken, wooded hills around the plateau, composed strong natural fortifications; and Beauregard’s engineers had cast up formidable artificial ones there. Among these, the most noted was the Naval Battery, composed of the heaviest Dahlgren guns, which the insurgents seized at the Gosport Navy Yard, and manned by seamen, commanded by officers of the National Navy who abanadoned their flag."

Pictorial history of the Civil War in the United States of America, Volume 1, by Benson John Lossing

"For several days I was unwell, and could not attend to duty, but being allowed to walk abour as leisure, I frequently strolled down to the Junction, to watch the progress of our preparations. A large redoubt about half a mile long, and a quarter wide, had been erected since my previous visit; it was at least ten feet high, and as many wide on the top, with a large ditch in front. The batteries at the angles were semicircular, with embrasures for four thirty-two-pounders, the mouths of which looked like black bull-dogs, protecting the road. In the interior were other works of greater or less magnitude, connected by covered ways, all well provided with ammunition and bomb-proof magazines. There were several smaller batteries placed in front on elavations, and the works altogether seemed formidable enough to protect the dépôt and stores, should the enemy penetrate so far."

Battlefields of the South, from Bull Run to Fredericksburgh, with sketches of Confederate commanders, and gossip of the camps, by an English combatant, Lieutenant of Artillery on the Field Staff, with two maps

John W. Bennett: The Confederate Veteran, Volume XI: Nashville, Tenn., January-December, 1903, p332

Notes

Commander F Chatard, First Lieutenants W A Webb, J Valentine, and J W Bennett, Confederate States Navy, and L H Lyne, Provisional Navy of Virginia, were appointed assistant commandant of batteries within the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.111, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Alexandria, Alexandria County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery, 5 May, 1861: The Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 5 May, 1861, and was assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery by Special Orders No.92, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861.

Camp Davis, a quarter of a mile southwest of College Hill, Lynchburg, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Hardaway's Alabama Volunteers or Light Infantry, North Sumter Rifles, & Madison Artillery or Tips (Tipperarys), 4-6 July, 1861: Hardaway's Alabama Volunteers or Light Infantry, the North Sumter Rifles, and the Madison Artillery or Tips (Tipperarys) were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, under the command of Captain R A Hardaway, Hardaway's Alabama Volunteers or Light Infantry, on 4 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861. Hardaway's Alabama Volunteers or Light Infantry, the North Sumter Rifles, and the Madison Artillery or Tips (Tipperarys) were assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel S Jones, chief of artillery and ordnance, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.94, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).

Special Orders No.111, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Greene Rough & Readys, 13 July, 1861: The Greene Rough and Readys was assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery within the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel S Jones, chief of artillery and ordnance, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.111, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 155th Virginia Militia (Greene County), Davis' Company, 14 & 16 July, 1861: The 155th Virginia Militia (Greene County), Davis' Company, arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 14 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery within entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel S Jones, chief of artillery and ordnance, by Special Orders No.122, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861 (See the Virginia Militia).

Special Orders No.122, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Madison Artillery or Tips (Tipperarys), 16 July, 1861: The Madison Artillery or Tips (Tipperarys) was temporarily assigned to the 49th Virginia Infantry at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.122, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861 (See the 49th Virginia Infantry).

Note: Hardaway's Alabama Volunteers or Light Infantry, the North Sumter Rifles, the Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery, the Madison Artillery ot Tips (Tipperarys), the Greene Rough and Readys, and 155th Virginia Militia Infantry (Greene County), Davis' Company, were stationed within the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861.

Captain I S Sterrett, Confederate States Navy, 10 June-5 July, 1861: Captain I S Sterrett, United States Navy, resigned on 23 April, 1861, and was appointed captain, Confederate States Navy, on 10 June, 1861. He was assigned to command the entrenched naval batteries at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by General Orders No.24, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 23 June, 1861, and was appointed commandant of batteries by Special Orders No.92, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT No.84, Part I: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp484-504
Brigadier General P G T Beauregard, Confederate States Army, Army of the Potomac, and resulting correspondence, Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 14 October, 1861, dated Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 26 August, 1861