The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Private H S Harris, Company B, 6th North Carolina State Troops

Private H S Harris, Company B, 6th North Carolina State Troops

Sixth North Carolina State Troops

Mustered in Confederate service for the war 20 June, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL C F FISHER
C F Fisher was appointed colonel, 6th North Carolina State Troops, on 16 May, 1861, and was killed at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. W D Pender was appointed colonel and assigned to command the Camp of Instruction, near Garysbury, Northampton County, North Carolina, on 16 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the 3rd North Carolina Infantry (13th North Carolina State Troops) on 26 May, 1861. Colonel W D Pender, 3rd North Carolina Infantry, was appointed colonel, 6th North Carolina State Troops, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 15 August, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL C E LIGHTFOOT
C E Lightfoot was appointed major, 6th North Carolina State Troops, on 20 May, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel W T Dortch, 6th North Carolina State Troop, resigned due to the death of of Governor Ellis and Major C E Lightfoot, 6th North Carolina State Troops, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 6th North Carolina State Troops, on 11 July, 1861.

MAJOR R F WEBB
Major C E Lightfoot was appointed lieutenant colonel, 6th North Carolina State Troops, on 11 July, 1861, and Captain R F Webb, 6th North Carolina State Troops, Company B, was appointed major, 6th North Carolina State Troops, on 11 July, 1861.

Company A Jackson Rangers: CAPT. S S KIRKLAND
The company was accepted in state service at Jackson, Northampton County, North Carolina, on 16 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for the war, under the command of Captain R M McKinney, at Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, on 20 May, 1861. Captain R M McKinney, 6th North Carolina State Troops, Company A, was appointed colonel, 15th North Carolina State Troops, on 24 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant S S Kirkland, 6th North Carolina State Troops, Company A, was appointed captain, 6th North Carolina State Troops, Company A, on 11 July, 1861, dated 24 June, 1861.
Company B Flat River Guards: CAPT. W K PARRISH
The company was accepted in state service at Hillsboro, Orange County, North Carolina, on 1 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for the war, under the command of Captain R F Webb, on 20 May, 1861. Captain R F Webb and First Lieutenant W K Parrish, 6th North Carolina State Troops, Company B, were appointed major, 6th North Carolina State Troops, and captain, 6th North Carolina State Troops, Company B, on 11 July, 1861, dated 20 May, 1861.
Company C Orange Greys: CAPT. W J FREELAND
The company was accepted in state service at Hillsboro, Orange County, North Carolina, on 1 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for the war on 20 May, 1861.
Company D: CAPT. S MCD TATE
The company was accepted in state service at Morganton, Burke County, North Carolina, on 16 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for the war at Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, on 24 May, 1861, dated 20 May, 1861.
Company E: CAPT. I E AVERY
The company was accepted in state service at Burke County, North Carolina, on 16 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for the war at Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, on 28 May, 1861, dated 20 May, 1861.
Company F Hawfield River Boys: CAPT. J W WILSON
The company was accepted in state service at Hawfields, Alamance County, North Carolina, on 16 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for the war on 24 May, 1861, dated 20 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the North Carolina Railroad to Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, on 28 May, 1861, and Captain J W Wilson, 6th North Carolina State Troops, Company F, was too ill for duty on 21 July, 1861. First Lieutenant R N Carter, 6th North Carolina State Troops, Company F, was assigned to command the company during first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861, and Captain J W Wilson, 6th North Carolina State Troops, Company F, resigned on 30 October, 1861.
Company G: CAPT. J A CRAIGE
The company was accepted in state service at Rowan County, North Carolina, on 16 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for the war at Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, on 20 May, 1861.
Company H Caswell Boys: CAPT. A A MITCHELL
The company was accepted in state service at Yanceyville, Caswell County, North Carolina, on 16 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 20 May, 1861. Captain A A Mitchell, 6th North Carolina State Troops, Company H, resigned and First Lieutenant W J H Durham, 6th North Carolina State Troops, Company C, was appointed captain, 6th North Carolina State Troops, Company H, on 31 August, 1861.
Company I Cedar Fork Rifles: CAPT. R W YORK
The company was accepted in state service at Cedar Fork, Wake County, North Carolina, on 16 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for the war on 20 May, 1861.
Company K Flat Bottom Boys or North Carolina Greys: CAPT. J W LEA
The company was accepted in state service at Alamance County, North Carolina, on 16 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service on on 25 May, 1861, dated 20 May, 1861.

Sources

"This fine regiment, embracing an aggregate in rank and file of 963 men, reached Petersburg on Thursday, this city on yesterday, via Petersburg Railroad."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 13 July, 1861 - Sixth Regiment N.C. Volunteers

"The regiment was assigned to General Bee's Brigade, and we were soon hurried out and given a place on the extreme left of the line of battle which General Johnston had formed to meet the expected attack from the enemy."

"We safely reached Manassas Junction on the morning of the 21st. Disembarking there, we could hear the firing of guns – the battle had begun – and we marched off hurriedly in the direction of the firing."

"He, with the two rear companies, was by some means separated from the balance of the regiment as it was marching into battle. I saw him (Lieutenant Colonel C E Lightfoot), and these two companies in the rear, after the battle had ended."

Histories of the several regiments and battalions from North Carolina, in the Great War 1861-'65, written by members of the respective commands and edited by Walter Clark (Lieutenant Colonel, 17th North Carolina State Troops)

"In addition, there arrived at Manassas about noon, and on the battle-field between two and four o'clock, Fisher's Sixth Carolina, 634, and Kirby Smith's brigade (afterward led by Elzey), of 1,700 men and 2 guns; and also Hill's Virginia Regiment, 550."

The Army in the Civil War, Volume 1: The outbreak of rebellion, by John G Nicolay, private Secretary to President Lincoln

The Southern Historical Collection: Benjamin F. White Diary, 1861, second lieutenant, Sixth North Carolina State Troops, Compnay F

The papers of Willie Person Mangum, by Willie Person Mangum, 1792-1861

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events: Record of events for Sixth North Carolina Infantry, June 1861-December 1864, edited by James B Hewett

The bloody sixth, by Richard W Iobst

Register of North Carolina Troops, 1861, Adjutant General's Office, Raleigh, N.C., 1st November, 1861

Roster of North Carolina troops in the War Between the States during the years 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864 and 1865, Volume 1, by John W Moore

Notes

The 6th North Carolina State Troops was organised on 16 May, 1861, and Companies A, B, C, G, H, &, I were mustered in state service on 20 May, 1861; Companies D and F on 24 May, 1861, dated 20 May, 1861; Company K on 25 May, 1861, dated 20 May, 1861; and Company E on 28 May, 1861, dated 20 May, 1861.

Company Shops (Burlington), Alamance County, North Carolina, 1 & 20 June, 1861: The 6th North Carolina State Troops was ordered to Company Shops (Burlington), Alamance County, North Carolina, on 1 June, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Alamance, near Company Shops (Burlington), Alamance County, North Carolina, on 20 June, 1861.

Mustered in war, Company Shops (Burlington), Alamance County, North Carolina, 20 & 21 June, 1861, dated 21 June, 1861: The 6th North Carolina State Troops, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, and I, were mustered in Confederate service for the war at Company Shops (Burlington), Alamance County, North Carolina, on 20 June, 1861, and Company K for the war on 21 June, 1861, dated 20 June, 1861.

Company Shops, Alamance County, to Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, 8-10 July, 1861: The 6th North Carolina State Troops was ordered to proceed by North Carolina Railroad to Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, at 9 AM on 8 July, 1861, and arrived via Hillsboro, Orange County, North Carolina, the same day. Companies B and C, under the command of Major C E Lightfoot, were ordered to proceed by the North Carolina Railroad to Petersburg, Virginia, to escort the body of Governor J W Ellis to Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, on 8 July, 1861, and arrived via Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, on 9 July, 1861. The 6th North Carolina State Troops, Companies B and C, were ordered to proceed by the Weldon Railroad to Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, the same day and arrived by the North Carolina Railroad at Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, at 9.30 AM on 10 July, 1861.

Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, to Petersburg, Virginia, 11 July, 1861: The 6th North Carolina State Troops was ordered to proceed by the Raleigh & Gaston Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the morning on 11 July, 1861, and arrived by the Weldon Railroad at Petersburg, Virginia, via Gaston, Northampton County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, at 10.30 PM the same day.

Petersburg to Richmond, Virginia, 12-13 July, 1861: Two companies of the 6th North Carolina State Troops, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C E Lightfoot, were ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the morning on 12 July, 1861, and arrived in the afternoon the same day. Two companies were ordered to Richmond, Virginia, in the afternoon on 12 July, 1861, and arrived the same day. Six companies of the 6th North Carolina State Troops were ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 6 PM on 12 July, 1861, and arrived at 12 AM on 13 July, 1861.

Richmond to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 13-16 July, 1861: The 6th North Carolina State Troops was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 PM on 13 July, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 14 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 15 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. The 6th North Carolina State Troops was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived at the heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day.

Note: The 6th North Carolina State Troops was assigned to the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General B E Bee, at the heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861.

The 6th North Carolina State Troops was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 6th North Carolina State Troops was ordered to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 11 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, Clarke County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap, Paris, and Upperville, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Note: The 6th North Carolina State Troops was stationed near Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 20 July, 1861: The 6th North Carolina State Troops was ordered to put a derailed train back on the Manassas Gap Railroad in the evening on 19 July, 1861, and proceeded to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 7 PM on 20 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 8 AM on 21 July, 1861, and was ordered to the Lewis House, Portici, the same day.

After the first battle of Manassas the 6th North Carolina State Troops arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, to the battlefield, 23 July, 1861: The 6th North Carolina State Troops was ordered near the battlefield in the morning on 23 July, 1861.

Battlefield to the Bull Run River, 25 July, 1861: The 6th North Carolina State Troops was ordered to the Bull Run River in the evening on 25 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Bee, on the Bull Run River, the same day.

Bull Run River to Broad Rub, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, 3 August, 1861: The 2nd Mississippi Infantry was ordered to Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 3 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Jones, on Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day.

Reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 31 April, 1862: The 4th Alabama Infantry was reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 31 April 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 6th North Carolina Infantry, under the command of Captain J H Dickey, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General B E Bee, Confederate States Army, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain B E Bee, 10th United States Infantry, Company D, resigned on 3 March, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 4 May, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel B E Bee, infantry, Confederate States Army, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was mortally wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. He died in the vicinity of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

North Carolina State Troops, 8 May, 1861: Ten regiments of North Carolina State Troops, numbering 1st to 10th, were organised to serve during the war on 8 May, 1861, and thirteen regiments of volunteers for twelve months service were authorised, numbering 1st to 8th and 10th to 14th on 10 May, 1861. Special Orders No.222, Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, 14 November, 1861, authorised the original ten regiments of state troops to keep their numbering and the volunteers to be redesignated and all units were subsequently known as North Carolina State Troops.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The 6th North Carolina State Troops was assigned to the Third Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General W H C Whiting, on 25 September, 1861.

Reports

Supplement to the Official Records, Volume 1, REPORTS TO ADDENDUM: Series I, Volume 2, pp185-189
Major H C Whiting, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Camp Bee, on the Bull Run River, 1 August, 1861

Supplement to the Official Records, Volume 1, REPORTS TO ADDENDUM: Series I, Volume 2, pp191-193
Adjutant General & Brigadier General S R Gist (South Carolina), Major R A Howard (Texas), and Captain A Vander Horst (South Carolina), aides to Brigadier General B E Bee, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah