The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Colonel P Turney

Colonel P Turney, commanding the 1st Tennessee Infantry

First Tennessee Infantry, Provisional Army of the Confederate States

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 8 May, 1861, dated 27 April, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL P TURNEY
P Turney was appointed colonel, 1st Tennessee Infantry, at Winchester, Franklin County, Tennessee, on 27 April, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J H HOLMAN
J H Holman was appointed lieutenant colonel, 1st Tennessee Infantry, on 27 April, 1861.

MAJOR D W HOLMAN
Captain P B Anderson, 1st Tennessee Infantry, Company A, Company B, was appointed first major, 1st Tennessee Infantry, on 27 April, 1861, and resigned at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 7 May, 1861. D W Holman was appointed second major, 1st Tennessee Infantry, on 27 April, 1861, and major, 1st Tennessee Infantry, at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861.

Company A Pelham Guards: CAPT. A E PATTON
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Pelham, Grundy County, Tennessee, on 29 April, 1861, and Captain A E Patton's resignation was accepted by Special orders No.130, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 21 August, 1861, dated 8 August, 1861. First Lieutenant E Reynolds, 1st Tennessee Infantry, Company A, was appointed captain, 1st Tennessee Infantry, Company A, on 8 August, 1861.
Company B Tullahoma Guards: CAPT. J E BENNETt
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Tullahoma, Coffee County, Tennessee, on 29 April, 1861, and Captain P B Anderson, 1st Tennessee Infantry, Company B, was appointed first major, 1st Tennessee Infantry, on 27 April 1861.
Company C Mountain Boys: CAPT. M TURNEY
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Winchester, Franklin County, Tennessee, on 29 April, 1861.
Company D Ridgedale Hornets: CAPT. L N SIMPSON
The company was accepted or mustered in state service at Ridgedale, Franklin County, Tennessee, on 29 April, 1861.
Company E Lynchburg Rangers: CAPT. E Y SALMON
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Lynchburg, Moore County, Tennessee, on 29 April, 1861.
Company F Salem Invincibles: CAPT. C ARLEDGE
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Salem, Winchester, Rutherford County, Tennessee, on 24 April, 1861.
Company G Fayetteville Guards: CAPT. B F RAMSEY
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Fayetteville, Lincoln County, Tennessee, on 25 April, 1861.
Company H Shelton's Creek Volunteers: CAPT. J CRUSE
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Shelton's Creek, Lincoln County, Tennessee, on 29 April, 1861.
Company I Cowan Guards: CAPT. J HOLDER
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Cowan Station, Winchester, Franklin County, Tennessee, on 20 April, 1861.
Company K Boon's Creek or Boon's Hill Minutemen: CAPT. N C DAVIS
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Boon Hill, Lincoln County, Tennessee, on 29 April, 1861,.

Sources

"Col. Turney's First Regiment of Tennessee volunteers left here yesterday morning."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 21 May, 1861 - From Lynchburg, Va., 20 May, 1861

"The First Regiment of Tennessee Volunteers arrived in Richmond, by the Danville cars, about 10 o'clock Sunday night, and marched from the depot immediately to their camp, which had been established southeast of Howard's Grove, near the Black Pond. The regiment, which numbers 1,000 men, are composed of citizens of Coffee, Grundy, Lincoln, and Franklin counties."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 21 May, 1861 - Tennessee all right

"The 1st Tennessee probably boarded the last train from Piedmont Station but there was an accident."

The last Confederate general: John C Vaughn and his East Tennessee Cavalry, by Larry Gordon

"Apparently it departed shortly before or after Smith's engine, and carried the First Kentucky, the remainder of the Eleventh Mississippi, and probably the First Tennessee. They started out all right, but unexpectedly the engine suffered a collision – with what no one specified – and the cars could go no farther."

Battle at Bull Run: A history of the first major campaign of the Civil War by W C Davis

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events: Record of events for First (Turney's) Tennessee Infantry (Provisional Army), April 1861-December 1864, edited by James B Hewett

The Fayetteville Observer, 9 May, 1861

The military annals of Tennessee, Confederate: First series embracing a review of military operations, with regimental histories and memorial rolls compiled from original and official sources, edited by John Berrien Lindsley, M. D., D. D.

The Confederate Veteran, Volume 25: Turney's First Tennessee Regiment, pp164-166, by Private H T Childs, Fayetteville, Tennessee

Tennesseans in the Civil War Part I: A military history of Confederate and Union units with available rosters of personnel, in two parts, published by the Civil War Centennial Commission, Nashville, Tennessee, 1864

Notes

The 1st Tennessee Infantry, Provisional Army of the Confederate States, was accepted in Confedrate service for one year on 27 April, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Mary Sharp College, near Winchester, Franklin County, Tennessee, on 29 April, 1861.

Winchester, Fanklin County, Tennessee, to Lynchburg, Virginia, 1-5 May, 1861: The 1st Tennessee Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad to Fort Davis, near Lynchburg, Virginia, in the evening on 1 May, 1861, and arrived by the East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad at Knoxville, Knox County, via Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, in the afternoon on 2 May, 1861. The regiment arrived by the East Tennessee & Virginia Railroad at Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, and in the morning on 3 May, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, at 5 AM on 4 May, 1861. Four companies of the 1st Tennessee Infantry arrived by the East Tennessee & Virginia Railroad at Lynchburg, Virginia, in the evening the same day and six companies at 8 AM on 5 May, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Lynchburg, Virginia, 8 May, 1861: The 1st Tennessee Infantry was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederates States Army, on 8 May, 1861, dated 27 April, 1861.

Note: P B Anderson and D W Holman were appointed majors, 1st Tennessee Infantry, on 27 April, 1861, and First Major P B Anderson resigned at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 7 May, 1861. Second Major D W Holman was appointed major, 1st Tennessee Infantry, at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861.

Lynchburg to Richmond, Virginia, 19-20 May, 1861: The 1st Tennessee Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 8 AM on 19 May, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad via Burkeville Junction, Nottoway County, Virginia, at 10.30 PM on 20 May, 1861. The regiment encamped near Black Pond, southeast of Howard's Grove, near Richmond, Virginia, the same day.

Richmond to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 2-4 June, 1861: The 1st Tennessee Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.157, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861, and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad via Gordonsville, Orange County; Manassas Junction; Strasburg, Shenadoah County; and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 June 1861.

Evacuation Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15 June, 1861: The 1st Tennessee Infantry evacuated Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 15 June, 1861, and arrived by the Charlestown Turnpike at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 3 PM the same day. The company encamped at Camp Johnston, near Bull Skin Run, between Charlestown, Jefferson County, and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 15 June, 1861.

Note: The sick of the 1st Tennessee Infantry were ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 13 June, 1861.

Charleston, Jefferson County, to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The 1st Tennessee Infantry was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 16 June, 1861, and arrived via Smithfield, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day. The regiment encamped on Mill Creek, near Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening on 16 June, 1861.

Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The 1st Tennessee Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 1st Tennessee Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Senior Colonel W C Falkner, 2nd Mississippi Infantry, near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861 (See the 2nd Mississippi Infantry).

Stephenson's Depot to heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 19 June, 1861: The 1st Tennessee Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and arrived at the heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Brigadier General B E Bee, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at the heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-7 July, 1861: The 1st Tennessee Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 2 July, 1861, and arrived via Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 3 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 8 AM on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at the heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day.

The 1st Tennessee Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 1st Tennessee Infantry was ordered to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 11 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, Clarke County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap, Paris, and Upperville, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 1st Tennessee Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the the 11th Mississippi Infantry, Companies B, C, D, E, G, H, I, and K. The regiment was delayed near Gainesville, Prince William County, Virginia, by collision on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at 12 PM the same day and arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 5 PM on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 1st Tennessee Infantry arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st Tennessee Infantry and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry were temporarily assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, at the Lewis House, Portici, by Special Orders No.142, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861 (See the 3rd Tennessee Infantry).

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Leiws' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 22 July, 1861: The 1st Tennessee Infantry was ordered to Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Bee, near Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, the same day.

Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, 3 August, 1861: The 1st Tennessee Infantry was ordered to Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 3 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Jones, on Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 1st Tennessee Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General B E Bee, Confederate States Army, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain B E Bee, 10th United States Infantry, Company D, resigned on 3 March, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 4 May, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel B E Bee, infantry, Confederate States Army, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was mortally wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. He died in the vicinity of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The 1st Tennessee Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General W H C Whiting, on 25 September, 1861.

Reports

Supplement to the Official Records, Volume 1, REPORTS TO ADDENDUM: Series I, Volume 2, pp185-189
Major H C Whiting, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Camp Bee, on the Bull Run River, 1 August, 1861

Supplement to the Official Records, Volume 1, REPORTS TO ADDENDUM: Series I, Volume 2, pp191-193
Adjutant General & Brigadier General S R Gist (South Carolina), Major R A Howard (Texas), and Captain A Vander Horst (South Carolina), aides to Brigadier General B E Bee, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah