The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Captain J D Imboden

Captain J D Imboden, Staunton Artillery, circa 1860

Staunton Artillery

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 20 July, 1861. Stationed at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

CAPTAIN J D IMBODEN
J D Imboden was appointed captain, Staunton Artillery, at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861.

Section: FIRST LT. T L HARMAN
T L Harman was appointed first lieutenant, Staunton Artillery, at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and died of typhoid at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 10 September, 1861.

Two 6 pounder smoothbores, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. A W GARBER
A W Garber was appointed second lieutenant, Staunton Artillery, at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. First Lieutenant A W Garber was appointed captain, Staunton Artillery, on 13 December, 1862.

Two 6 pounder smoothbores, M1841

Occupation of Harpers Ferry, April 17-19, 1861

Captain J D Imboden, Staunton Artillery, was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, on 16 April, 1861, and arrived by the Virginia Central Railroad at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 17 April, 1861.

Note: The Staunton Artillery and the West Augusta Guards were stationed at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861 (See the 5th Virginia Infantry).

Staunton, Augusta County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 17-18 April, 1861: The Staunton Artillery and the West Augusta Guards, under the command of Brigadier General W H Harman, Thirteenth Brigade, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to seize the armory and arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, at 10.30 PM the same day. The Staunton Artillery, the West Augusta Guards, and the Charlottesville & University Battalion Infantry arrived by the Orange & Alexndria Railroad at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 18 April, 1861, and the Staunton Artillery, the West Augusta Guards, the Charlottesville & University Battalion Infantry, and the Culpeper Minutemen arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning the same day.

Note: Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and the Charlottesville & University Battalion Infantry, under the command of Major G W Carr, Provisional Army of Virginia, was stationed at Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, at 10.30 PM on 17 April, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry). The Culpeper Minutemen was stationed at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 18 April, 1861 (See the 13th Virginia Infantry).

Manassas Junction to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 18 April, 1861: The Staunton Artillery, the West Augusta Guards, the Charlottesville & University Battalion Infantry, and the Culpeper Minutemen were ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenadoah County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 April, 1861, and the West Augusta Guards, the Charlottesville & University Battalion Infantry, and the Culpeper Minutemen, were ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day.

Note: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to procure horses at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike at 1 PM the same day. Brigadier General W H Harman, Thirteenth Brigade, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 8 PM on 18 April, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 18-19 April, 1861: The Culpeper Minutemen, the West Augusta Guards, and the Charlottesville & University Battalion Infantry were ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Harpers Ferry via Halltown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 19 April, 1861. The Staunton Artillery arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Halltown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning the same day and dragged four 6 pounder smoothbores by hand to Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 19 April, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General W H Harman, Thirteenth Brigade, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, arrived at Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 April, 1861.

Virginia Militia, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 19-29 April, 1861: Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, was assigned to command the troops stationed in and around at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861, and Brigadier General J H Carson, Sixteenth Brigade, Third Division, Virginia Militia; Brigadier General G S Meem, Seventh Brigade, Third Division, Virginia, Militia, and Brigadier General W H Harman, Thirteenth Brigade, Fifth Division, were stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 19 and 29 April, 1861.

Note: Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861, and was assigned to command the troops stationed in and around Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 30 April, 1861 (See the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

Naval Batteries On Bolivar Heights

Several naval batteries of two 32 pounder pieces mounted on ships carriages were stationed at Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of First Lieutenant C M Fauntleroy, Confederate States Navy, on 23 May, 1861.

Note: First Lieutenant C M Fauntleroy, United States Navy, resigned on 7 April, 1861, and was dismissed by the Secretary of the Navy G Welles on 13 May, 1861. He was appointed first lieutenant, Confederate States Navy, on 10 June, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 23 June and 1 July, 1861. First Lieutenant C M Fauntleroy was assigned as ordnance officer to General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.

One Hundred and Sixtieth Virginia Militia Infantry (Augusta County)

Colonel W D Anderson

Colonel W D Anderson; Company A, Captain P H Trout; Company B, Captain G B Taylor

The 160th Virginia Militia Infantry (Augusta County), Companies A and B, under the command of Colonel W D Anderson, were mustered in Confederate service by Major M G Harman, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia on 29 June, 1861.

Sources

"About 400 troops are supposed to be at the Point of Rocks, and are strongly posted on the Virginia side. They comprise two companies of artillery from Leesburg and Staunton, two companies of cavalry from Fauquier and Leesburg, together with Captain Bradley T Johnson's Frederick company and a company of Baltimore 'Southern volunteers,' which reached there this morning."

The National Republican, 13 May, 1861 - From the Point of Rocks, Frederick County, 10 May, 1861

"His men also discovered in the armory some strong horse carts, and some of the men who were mechanically inclined used these axles and wheels to make caissons that served well through the Firts Battle of Manassas."

"On June 30 Imboden's Battery had 107 officers and men. It had its four bronze, 6-pounder guns as well as the old-style heavy artillery sabers they had received when they had mustered in. Imboden reported that the men were clothed 'cadet grey uniforms' supplied by a firm in Augusta, consisting of a grey cap, a flannel shirt, grey woolen pants, and woolen socks."

"While his infantry moved to Manassas by rail, Johnston ordered the artillery batteries to travel by secondary roads. He directed his chief of artillery, Col. William N Pendleton, to form a column of his five batteries: the four brigade batteries and the one reserve. But by nightfall on July 19, only three of the five batteries had arrived at Piedmont, and Pendleton set out in the dark with these."

Brigadier General John D Imboden: Confederate commander in the Shenandoah, by Spencer Tucker

"Imboden's battery, with Bee's Brigade, served as Johnston's rear guard in the movement of the Confederates to the support of Beauregard's army at Manassas. The Staunton battery did not leave Winchester until 6 o'clock on the evening of July 18."

"The Staunton Artillery reached Manassas Junction about 11.30 that night, and camped around Bee's headquarters, a log cabin, about one mile northeast of the Junction."

The Staunton Artillery, McClanahan's Battery, First Edition, No.Unknown, by R J Driver, Jr.

"By order of Maj. Gen. Lee, Maj. M. G. Harman, Commandant of this post, called into service of the State the whole of the militia of Staunton, comprised in the Companies A and B."

The Staunton Spectator, 2 July, 1861 - Staunton militia called into service

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 70, Serial No.82: Record of events for Garber's Company, Virginia Light Artillery, June 1861-February 1865, edited by James B Hewett

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, revised Second Edition, by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The Staunton Artillery was accepted in state service for one year at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 17-19 April, 1861: The Staunton Artillery and the West Augusta Guards were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to seize the arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 17 April, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Manassas Junction via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 April, 1861 (See the 5th Virginia Infantry). The company was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, the same day and proceeded by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 18 April, 1861. The Staunton Artillery arrived at Harpers Ferry via Charlestown and Hallstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 19 April, 1861, and dragged the four 6 pounder smoothbores by hand to Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 19 April, 1861.

Note: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to procure horses at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 3 May, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was mustered in state service for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 3 May, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, 6 May, 1861: Twenty-three men and two 6 pounder smoothbores of the Staunton Artillery, under the command of Captain J D Imboden, were ordered to Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, by Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 6 May, 1861, and fortified and mined the Virginia end of the covered bridge, on the Potomac River, in May 1861. The Wise Artillery arrived at Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, in June 1861 and the section of the Staunton Artillery, under the command of Captain J D Imboden, was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, shortly afterwards (See the Wise Artillery).

Note: Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mountain Rangers, was assigned to command Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 19 April, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

Harpers Ferry to Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, 30 May, 1861: A detachment of sixty men of the Staunton Artillery and two 6 pounder smoothbores, under the command of First Lieutenant T L Harman, were ordered to Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 5th Virginia Infantry, Companies C and L, under the command of Captain R L Doyle, Company C. First Lieutenant T L Harman, Staunton Artillery, was assigned to guard the covered bridge over the Potomac River between Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, and Sharpsburg, Washington County, Maryland, under the command of Captain R L Doyle, 5th Virginia Infantry, Company C, the same day (See the 5th Virginia Infantry).

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Evacuation Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15 June, 1861: The Staunton Artillery evacuated Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 6.30 and 9 AM on 15 June, 1861, and arrived by the Charlestown Turnpike at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 3 PM the same day. The company arrived at Camp Johnston, near Bull Skin Run, between Charlestown, Jefferson County, and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 15 June, 1861.

Note: The sick were ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 13 June, 1861.

Charlestown, Jefferson County, to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 16 June, 1861, and arrived via Smithfield, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day. The company arrived at Mill Creek, near Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening on 16 June, 1861.

Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, to Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and arrived near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day.

Stephenson's Depot to heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 19 June, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and arrived at the heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-7 July, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 2 July, 1861, and arrived via Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 3 July, 1861. The company was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 8 AM on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at the heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day.

Note: The Staunton Artillery was assigned to the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General B E Bee, Confederate States Army, at the heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861.

The Staunton Artillery was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 11 PM the same day. The company was ordered across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, Clarke County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap, Paris, and Upperville, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 20 July, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to proceed by road to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on the 20 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, via Salem and White Plains, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the evening on 20 July, 1861. The company was ordered to McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 11.30 PM the same day.

Note: The Staunton Artillery was stationed at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the Staunton Artillery was ordered to McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, the same day.

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, to the battlefield, 23 July, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered near the battlefield in the morning on 23 July, 1861.

Battlefield to the Bull Run River, 25 July, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to the Bull Run River in the evening on 25 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Bee, on the Bull Run River, the same day.

Bull Run River to Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, 3 August, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 3 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Jones, on Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day.

Reorganised at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 22 April, 1862: The Staunton Artillery was reorganised at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, under the command of Captain W L Balthis, on 22 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The Staunton Artillery, under the command of Captain A W Garber, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General B E Bee, Confederate States Army, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain B E Bee, 10th United States Infantry, Company D, resigned on 3 March, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 4 May, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel B E Bee, infantry, Confederate States Army, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was mortally wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. He died in the vicinity of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The Staunton Artillery was assigned to the Third Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General W H C Whiting, on 25 September, 1861.

Report

THE REBELLION RECORD: A Diary of American Events, Volume II, Documents, pp43-45
Captain J D Imboden, Staunton Artillery, dated near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 22 July, 1861

Supplement to the Official Records, Volume 1, REPORTS TO ADDENDUM: Series I, Volume 2, pp185-189
Major H C Whiting, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Camp Bee, on the Bull Run River, 1 August, 1861

Supplement to the Official Records, Volume 1, REPORTS TO ADDENDUM: Series I, Volume 2, pp191-193
Adjutant General & Brigadier General S R Gist (South Carolina), Major R A Howard (Texas), and Captain A Vander Horst (South Carolina), aides to Brigadier General B E Bee, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah