The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Captain J D Imboden

Captain J D Imboden, Staunton Artillery, circa 1860

Staunton Artillery

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 20 July, 1861. Stationed at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one and a half miles southwest of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

CAPTAIN J D IMBODEN
J D Imboden was appointed captain, Staunton Artillery, at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861.

Section: FIRST LT. T L HARMAN
T L Harman was appointed first lieutenant, Staunton Artillery, at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and died of typhoid at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 10 September, 1861.

Two 6 pounder smoothbores, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. A W GARBER
A W Garber was appointed second lieutenant, Staunton Artillery, at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. First Lieutenant A W Garber, Staunton Artillery, was appointed captain, Staunton Artillery, on 13 December, 1862.

Two 6 pounder smoothbores, M1841

Naval Batteries On Bolivar Heights

Several naval batteries of two 32 pounder pieces mounted on ships carriages were stationed at Bolivar Heights, one and a half miles west of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of First Lieutenant C M Fauntleroy, Confederate States Navy, on 23 May, 1861.

Note: First Lieutenant C M Fauntleroy, United States Navy, resigned on 7 April, 1861, and was dismissed by the Secretary of the Navy G Welles on 13 May, 1861. He was appointed first lieutenant, Confederate States Navy, on 10 June, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 23 June and 1 July, 1861. First Lieutenant C M Fauntleroy was assigned as ordnance officer to General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.

One Hundred and Sixtieth Virginia Militia (Augusta County)

Colonel W D Anderson

The 160th Virginia Militia (Augusta County), Companies A and B, under the command of Colonel W D Anderson, were mustered in Confederate service by Major M G Harman, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia on 29 June, 1861.

Organisation of 160th Virginia Militia (Augusta County): Colonel W D Anderson; Company A, Captain P H Trout; Company B, Captain G B Taylor

Sources

"About 400 troops are supposed to be at the Point of Rocks, and are strongly posted on the Virginia side. They comprise two companies of artillery from Leesburg and Staunton, two companies of cavalry from Fauquier and Leesburg, together with Captain Bradley T Johnson's Frederick company and a company of Baltimore 'Southern volunteers,' which reached there this morning."

The National Republican, 13 May, 1861 - From the Point of Rocks, Frederick County, 10 May, 1861

"His men also discovered in the armory some strong horse carts, and some of the men who were mechanically inclined used these axles and wheels to make caissons that served well through the Firts Battle of Manassas."

"On June 30 Imboden's Battery had 107 officers and men. It had its four bronze, 6-pounder guns as well as the old-style heavy artillery sabers they had received when they had mustered in. Imboden reported that the men were clothed 'cadet grey uniforms' supplied by a firm in Augusta, consisting of a grey cap, a flannel shirt, grey woolen pants, and woolen socks."

"While his infantry moved to Manassas by rail, Johnston ordered the artillery batteries to travel by secondary roads. He directed his chief of artillery, Col. William N Pendleton, to form a column of his five batteries: the four brigade batteries and the one reserve. But by nightfall on July 19, only three of the five batteries had arrived at Piedmont, and Pendleton set out in the dark with these."

Brigadier General John D Imboden: Confederate commander in the Shenandoah, by Spencer Tucker

"Imboden's battery, with Bee's Brigade, served as Johnston's rear guard in the movement of the Confederates to the support of Beauregard's army at Manassas. The Staunton battery did not leave Winchester until 6 o'clock on the evening of July 18."

"The Staunton Artillery reached Manassas Junction about 11.30 that night, and camped around Bee's headquarters, a log cabin, about one mile northeast of the Junction."

The Staunton Artillery, McClanahan's Battery, First Edition, No.Unknown, by R J Driver, Jr.

"By order of Maj. Gen. Lee, Maj. M. G. Harman, Commandant of this post, called into service of the State the whole of the militia of Staunton, comprised in the Companies A and B."

The Staunton Spectator, 2 July, 1861 - Staunton militia called into service

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 70, Serial No.82: Record of events for Garber's Company, Virginia Light Artillery, June 1861-February 1865, edited by James B Hewett

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, revised Second Edition, by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The Staunton Artillery was accepted in state service for one year at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861.

Seizure of Harpers Ferry Arsenal & Armory, 17-19 April, 1861

The Staunton Artillery was ordered to seize Harpers Ferry Arsenal and Armory, on Shenandoah and Potomac Streets, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861.

Note: Captain J D Imboden, Staunton Artillery, was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, in the evening on 16 April, 1861, and arrived by the Virginia Central Railroad at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 17 April, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 17-18 April, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General W H Harman, Thirteenth Brigade, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, at 6 PM on 17 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the West Augusta Guards (See the 5th Virginia Infantry). The company arrived at Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, at 10.30 PM the same day and by the Orange & Alexndria Railroad at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 18 April, 1861. The Staunton Artillery arrived at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning the same day.

Note: The Charlottesville & University Battalion Infantry was stationed at Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, at 10.30 PM on 17 April, 1861, and the Culpeper Minutemen at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 18 April, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Prince William County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 18-19 April, 1861: The Staunton Artillery arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenadoah County, Virginia, at 11 AM on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day. The company arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day. The Staunton Artillery was ordered to proceed by the by the Middleway, Charlestown & Harpers Ferry Turnpike to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 19 April, 1861, and arrived via Halltown and Bolivar Heights, one and a half miles west of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 4 AM the same day.

Note: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to procure horses at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 April, 1861.

State & Confederate Service

The Staunton Artillery was stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to Loudoun Heights, one mile south of Harpers Ferry Jefferson County, Virginia, at 11 PM on 20 April, 1861.

Note: The Southern Guards was ordered to Loudoun Heights, one mile south of Harpers Ferry Jefferson County, Virginia, at 11 PM on 20 April, 1861, and the West Augusta Guards and a section of the Staunton Artillery was stationed at Bolivar Heights, one and a half miles west of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861.

Mustered in for war, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 3 May, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was mustered in state service for the war at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 3 May, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, 6-27 May, 1861: Twenty-three men and two 6 pounder smoothbores of the Staunton Artillery, under the command of Captain J D Imboden, were ordered to Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 6 May, 1861, and were stationed at Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, under the command of Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mountain Rangers, between 6 and 27 May, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

Troops stationed at Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, 20 May, 1861: Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mountain Rangers; Fauquier Mountain Rangers, First Lieutennat R Ashby (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry); Loudoun Light Horse, Captain R W Carter (See the 1st Virginia Cavalry); Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, Captain J Q Winfield (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry); Baltimore Rifles, Captain C C Edelin (See the 1st Maryland Infantry); Frederick Volunteers, Captain B T Johnson (See the 1st Maryland Infantry); section of the Staunton Artillery, Captain J D Imboden; Loudoun Artillery, Captain A L Rogers (See the Loudoun Artillery)

Troops stationed at & in the vicinity of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 23 May, 1861: 2nd Virginia Infantry, Colonel J W Allen; 4th Virginia Infantry, Colonel J F Preston; 5th Virginia Infantry, Colonel K Harper; 10th Virginia Infantry, Colonel S B Gibbons; 13th Virginia Infantry, Colonel A P Hill; 2nd Mississippi Infantry, Colonel W C Falkner; 11th Mississippi Infantry, Colonel W H Moore; 4th Alabama Infantry, Colonel E J Jones; 1st Maryland Infantry, Companies A, B, C (1st), D, D, F (1st), G, and H (1st), Captain G H Steuart, cavalry, Confederate States Army; 1st Kentucky Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, and D, Major H B Duncan; 2nd Kentucky Battalion Sharpshooters, Companies A and B, Acting Major & Captain J D Pope, Bustard Guards; 1st Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G (1st), and H, Lieutenant Colonel J E B Stuart; 1st Rockbridge Artillery, Captain W N Pendelton; Wise Arillery, Captain E G Alburtis; Newtown Artillery, Captain G A Groves; Staunton Artillery, Captain J D Imboden

Note: The Wise Artillery arrived at Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 27 May, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel & Assistant Adjutant General G Deas, Confederate States Army, was stationed at Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, in the evening on 20 May, 1861 (See the Wise Artillery).

Harpers Ferry to Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, 30 May, 1861: A detachment of sixty men of the Staunton Artillery and two 6 pounder smoothbores, under the command of First Lieutenant T L Harman, were ordered to Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 5th Virginia Infantry, Companies C and L, under the command of Captain R L Doyle, Company C (See the 5th Virginia Infantry).

Note: First Lieutenant T L Harman, Staunton Artillery, was assigned to guard the covered bridge over the Potomac River between Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, and Sharpsburg, Washington County, Maryland, under the command of Captain R L Doyle, 5th Virginia Infantry, Company C, on 30 May, 1861, and the Staunton Artillery was stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Evacuation Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15 June, 1861: The Staunton Artillery evacuated Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 6.30 and 9 AM on 15 June, 1861, and arrived by the Charlestown Turnpike at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 3 PM the same day.

Evacuation Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15 June 1861: The Staunton Artillery evacuated Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 15 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Smithfield, Charlestown & Harpers Ferry Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 15 June, 1861.

Note: The Staunton Artillery was stationed at Camp Johnston, on the Berryville & Charleston Turnpike, on the North or South Fork of Bull Skin Run, three or four miles west of Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening on 15 June, 1861.

Berryville & Charleston Turnpike, on the North or South Fork of Bull Skin Run, three or four miles west of Charlestown, Jefferson County, to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 16 June, 1861, and arrived at Mill Creek, a quarter of a mile north of Bunker Hill, via Smithfield or Middleway, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Mill Creek, a quarter of a mile north of Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, four miles northeast of Frederick County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Defiance, Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, four miles northeast of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Note: The Staunton Artillery was assigned to the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Senior Colonel W C Falkner, 2nd Mississippi Infantry, at Camp Defiance, Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, four miles northeast of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, four miles northeast of Winchester, to Apple Pie Ridge, half a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 19 June, 1861: The Staunton Artillery arrived at Apple Pie Ridge, half a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General B E Bee, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Apple Pie Ridge, half a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.

Apple Pie Ridge, half a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-3 July, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg Turnpike to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 2 July, 1861, and arrived via Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 3 July, 1861.

Darkesville, Berkeley County, to Apple Pie Ridge, half a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 7 July, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 11 AM on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Apple Pie Ridge, half a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 8 PM the same day.

The Staunton Artillery was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861, dated 17 July, 1861.

Apple Pie Ridge, half a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, three and a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 11 PM the same day. The company was ordered across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, three and a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap, Paris, and Upperville, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 20 July, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on the 20 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, via Salem and White Plains, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the evening on 20 July, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Prince William County, to Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one and a half miles southwest of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 20-21 July, 1861: The Staunton Artillery company was ordered one and a half miles southwest of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 11.30 PM on 20 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one and a half miles southwest of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 12 AM on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the Staunton Artillery arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one and a half miles southwest of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one & a half miles southwest of McLean's Ford, McLean's Ford, to the vicinity of F Lewis' Farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 23 July, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to the vicinity of F Lewis' Farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 23 July, 1861.

Vicinity of F Lewis' Farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Lewis' Ford, the Bull Run River, 25 July, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to the Bull Run River in the evening on 25 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Bee, Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, on the Bull Run River, the same day.

Lewis' Ford, Bull Run River, to Bristoe Station, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, Prince William County, Virginia, 3 August, 1861: The Staunton Artillery was ordered to Bristoe Station, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, Prince William County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 3 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Jones, Bristoe Station, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day.

Reorganised at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 22 April, 1862: The Staunton Artillery was reorganised at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, under the command of Captain W L Balthis, on 22 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The Staunton Artillery, under the command of Captain A W Garber, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General B E Bee, Confederate States Army, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain B E Bee, 10th United States Infantry, Company D, resigned on 3 March, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 4 May, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel B E Bee, infantry, Confederate States Army, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was mortally wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. He was mortally wounded in the stomach during the battle of first Manassas on 21 July, 1861, and died one mile northeast of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 September, 1861.

The Staunton Artillery was assigned to the Third Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General W H C Whiting, Confederate States Army, on 25 September, 1861.

Report

THE REBELLION RECORD: A Diary of American Events, Volume II, Documents, pp43-45
Captain J D Imboden, Staunton Artillery, dated in the vicinity of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 22 July, 1861

Supplement to the Official Records, Volume 1, REPORTS TO ADDENDUM: Series I, Volume 2, pp185-189
Major H C Whiting, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Camp Bee, on the Bull Run River, 1 August, 1861

Supplement to the Official Records, Volume 1, REPORTS TO ADDENDUM: Series I, Volume 2, pp191-193
Adjutant General & Brigadier General S R Gist (South Carolina), Major R A Howard (Texas), and Captain A Vander Horst (South Carolina), aides to Brigadier General B E Bee, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah