The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Lieutenant Colonel E M Law

Lieutenant Colonel E M Law, 4th Alabama Infantry

Fourth Alabama Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 7 May, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 20 July, 1861. Stationed at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL E J JONES
Captain E J Jones, 4th Alabama Infantry, Company F, was appointed colonel, 4th Alabama Infantry, at Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, on 2 May, 1861, and was mortally wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. He died at Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, on 3 September, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL E M LAW
Captain E M Law, 4th Alabama Infantry, Company B, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th Alabama Infantry, at Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, on 2 May, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861.

MAJOR C L SCOTT
C L Scott was appointed major, 4th Alabama Infantry, at Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, on 2 May, 1861.

Company A Governor's Guards: CAPT. T J GOLDSBY
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Selma, Dallas County, Alabama, on 26 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Senator on the Alabama River to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, at 9 AM the same day. The company was accompanied by the Canebrake Rifles and the Magnolia Cadets and arrived at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, at 7 PM on 26 April, 1861.
Company B Tuskegee or Alabama Zouaves: CAPT. T B DRYER
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year, under the command of Captain E M Law, at Tuskegee, Macon County, Alabama, on 28 April, 1861, and Captain E M Law, Tuskegee or Alabama Volunteers, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th Alabama Infantry, at Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, on 2 May, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861. Second Lieutenant T B Dryer, 4th Alabama Infantry, Company B, was appointed captain, 4th Alabama Infantry, Company B, at Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, on 3 May, 1861.
Company C Magnolia Cadets: CAPT. N H R DAWSON
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Selma, Dallas County, Alabama, on 26 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Senator on the Alabama River to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, at 9 AM the same day. The company was accompanied by the Canebrake Rifles and the Governor's Guards and arrived at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, at 7 PM on 26 April, 1861.
Company D Canebrake Rifle Guards: CAPT. R CLARKE
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Uniontown, Perry County, Alabama, on 18 April,, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Alabama & Mississippi Rivers Railroad to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, in the morning on 25 April, 1861, dated 23 April, 1861. The company arrived at Selma, Dallas County, Alabama, on 25 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Senator on the Alabama River to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, at 9 AM on 26 April, 1861. The company was accompanied by the Governor's Guards and the Magnolia Cadets and arrived at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, at 7 PM the same day. The company was ordered to the Armory of the Independent Rifles, 6th Alabama Infantry, Company D, in the evening on 26 April, 1861 (See the 6th Alabama Infantry).
Company E Conecuh Guards: CAPT. P D BOWLES
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Sparta Depot, near Evergreen, Conecuh County, Alabama, on 25 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Alabama & Florida Railroad to Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, the same day.
Company F Huntsville Guards: CAPT. G B MAsTIN
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Huntsville, Madison County, Alabama, on 26 April, 1861, under the command of Captain E J Jones, and was ordered to proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, on 29 April, 1861. Captain E J Jones, Huntsville Guards, was appointed colonel, 4th Alabama Infantry, at Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, on 2 May, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant G B Mastin, Huntsville Guards, was appointed captain, 4th Alabama Infantry, Company F, on 2 May, 1861.
Company G Marion Light Infantry or Rifles: CAPT. P KING
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Marion, Perry County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861.
Company H Lauderdale Guards: CAPT. R MCFARLAND
The Lauderdale Guards (formerly known as the Lauderdale Dragoons) was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Florence, Lauderdale County, Alabama, on 28 April, 1861, and was ordered to Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, at 2.30 PM the same day.
Company I North Alabamians: CAPT. E D TRACY
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Hunstville, Madison County, Alabama, on 26 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by Memphis & Charlestion Railroad to Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, on 29 April, 1861. The company arrived by the Western & Atlantic Railroad at Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, via Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, on 2 May, 1861, and Captain E D Tracy, North Alabamians, was appointed major, 12th Alabama Infantry, on 17 July, 1861 (See the 12th Alabama Infantry). He declined and was appointed lieutenant colonel, 13th Alabama Infantry, on 1 August, 1861.
Company K Larkinsville Guards: CAPT. L E LINDSAY
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Larkinsville, Jackson County, Alabama, on 27 April, 1861, and Captain L E Lindsay was kileed at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.

Sources

"As the men were so intensely anxious to meet the enemy, they preferred going on the earliest possible moment; the 4th Alabama, two companies of the 11th and the 2nd Mississippi (Generals Johnston and Bee accompanying us) reached the Junction about noon on the 20th. The remainder of the Army of the Shenandoah, consisting of 6th North Carolina and 1st Tennessee of our brigade, Colonel Elzey's brigade incharge of General E Kirby Smith, together with the remaining regiments of Colonel Bartow's command, failing to secure transportation by rail from Piedmont in time, did not reach the battlefield until the evening of the 21st, although the President of the railway promised General Johnston to have them all there by 20th."

From Huntsville to Appomattox: R. T. Cole's history of 4th Regiment, Alabama Volunteer Infantry, C.S.A., Army of Northern Virginia, edited by Jeffrey D Stocker

The Alabama Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, Nos. 01 & 02, Spring Issue 1961: A story of Company D, 4th Alabama Infantry Regiment, C.S.A., by James G Hudson, Chaplin & Treasurer

Diary kept by James G. Hudson from May to October 1861, while serving as chaplain and treasurer of the Canebrake Guards, Company D of the 4th Alabama Infantry

A beautiful glittering lie, by J D R Hawkins

Alabama, her history, resources, war record, and public men from 1540 to 1872, by Willis Brewer

Notes

The 4th Alabama Infantry was organised at Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, on 2 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year on 7 May, 1861.

State Service

Garrison at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, Company A, 13 January-21 February, 1861: The Governor's Guards was ordered to proceed by the steamer Senator on the Alabama River to Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, on 11 January, 1861, and was accompanied by the Independent Blues, under the command of Captain J Kent. The company arrived by the Mobile River at Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, in the morning on 13 January, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Dick Keyes to Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, the same day. The Governor's Guards was ordered to Selma, Dallas County, Alabama, on 21 February, 1861, and arrived on 23 February, 1861 (See the 5th Alabama Infantry).

Stationed at Pensacola & Warrington, Escambia County, Florida, Company B, 17 January-14 February, 1861: The Tuskegee or Alabama Zouaves was ordered to proceed by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, in the evening on 14 January, 1861, and arrived by the Alabama & Florida Railroad at Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, via Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, in the evening on 17 January, 1861. The company was accompanied by the Auburn Guards and was stationed at Fort San Carlos de Barrancas, near Warrington, Escambia County, Florida, on 1 February, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Alabama & Florida Railroad to Tuskegee, Macon County, Alabama, on 14 February, 1861 (See the 11th Mississippi Infantry).

Note: Captain B B Smith, Tuskegee or Alabama Zouaves, resigned at Tuskegee, Macon County, Alabama, on 14 January, 1861.

Stationed at Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, Company E, 16 January, 1861: The Conecuh Guards, under the command of Captain S H Wimberly, was ordered to Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, on 12 January, 1861, and arrived at the Navy Yard, Warrington, Escambia County, Florida, in the evening on 16 January, 1861 (See the 11th Mississippi Infantry).

Confederate Service

Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, to Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, Companies A, C, & D, 28-29 April, 1861: The Governor's Guards, the Magnolia Cadets, and the Canebrake Rifle Guards were ordered to proceed by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, at 8 AM on 28 April, 1861, and arrived by the Western & Atlantic Railroad at 2 AM on 29 April, 1861.

Huntsville, Madison County, Montgomery County, Alabama, to Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, Companies F & I, 29 April-2 May, 1861: The Huntsville Guards and the North Alabamians were ordered to proceed by the Memphis & Charlestion Railroad to Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, on 29 April, 1861, and arrived by the Western & Atlantic Railroad on 2 May, 1861.

Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia, to Lynchburg, Virginia, 3-5 May, 1861: The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Western & Atlantic Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, at 11 AM on 3 May, 1861, and arrived by the East Tennessee & Virginia Railroad at Bristol, Sullivan County, via Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, at 10 AM on 4 May, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day and arrived at 10 AM on 5 May, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Lynchburg, Virginia, 7 May, 1861: The 4th Alabama Infantry was mustered in Confederate service at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant A Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 7 May, 1861.

Lynchburg to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 10-14 May, 1861: The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 6 PM 10 May, 1861, and arrived at Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, in the morning on 11 May, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction the same day and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 12 May, 1861. The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, the same day and arrived at 8 AM on 13 May, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day and arrived at 5 PM on 13 May, 1861. The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 8 PM the same day and arrived via Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 14 May, 1861.

Note: The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Bolivar Heights, near Hapers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861.

Evacuation Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15 June, 1861: The 4th Alabama Infantry evacuated Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 15 June, 1861, and arrived by the Charlestown Turnpike at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 3 PM the same day. The company encamped at Camp Johnston, near Bull Skin Run, between Charlestown, Jefferson County, and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 15 June, 1861.

Note: The sick of the 4th Alabama Infantry were ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 13 June, 1861.

Charlestown, Jefferson County, to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 16 June, 1861, and arrived via Smithfield, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day. The regiment encamped on Mill Creek, near Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening on 16 June, 1861.

Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Defiance, near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 4th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel F S Bartow, 8th Georgia Infantry, at Camp Defiance, near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Stephenson's Depot to heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 21-26 June, 1861: The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered one mile south of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and proceeded to the heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.

Note: The 4th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General B E Bee, at the heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.

Heights near Winchester, Frederick County, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-7 July, 1861: The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 2 July, 1861, and arrived via Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 3 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 8 AM on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at the heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day.

The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 11 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, Clarke County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap, Paris, and Upperville, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 20 July, 1861: The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 2 AM on 20 July, 1861, and was accompanied by General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and Brigadier General B E Bee, Confederate States Army, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah. The regiment arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 9.30 AM the same day and was ordered to McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 11 AM on 20 July, 1861.

Note: The 4th Alabama Infantry was stationed at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 20 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 4th Alabama Infantry arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861, and Captain R Clarke, 4th Alabama Infantry, Company D, was temporarily appointed acting major and captain, 4th Alabama Infantry, between 23 July and 10 August, 1861.

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, to the battlefield, 23 July, 1861: The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered near the battlefield in the morning on 23 July, 1861.

Battlefield to the Bull Run River, 25 July, 1861: The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered to the Bull Run River in the evening on 25 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Bee, on the Bull Run River, the same day.

Bull Run River to Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, 3 August, 1861: The 4th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 3 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Jones, on Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day.

Major B Allston, artillery, Confederate States Army, 11 August, 1861: B Allston was appointed first lieutenant, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 11 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the artillery in and about Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.190, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861. First Lieutenant B Allston was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 20 June, 1861, and was stationed at the Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, between 20 and 28 June, 1861. Major B Allston was temporarily assigned to the 19th Mississippi Infantry by Special Orders No.76, Paragraph XII, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and appears on the muster roll of the 4th Alabama Infantry, Company F, on 30 June, 1861. He was assigned to command the 4th Alabama Infantry on 11 August, 1861 (See the 4th Alabama Infantry).

Reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 31 April, 1862: The 4th Alabama Infantry was reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 31 April 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 4th Alabama Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General B E Bee, Confederate States Army, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain B E Bee, 10th United States Infantry, Company D, resigned on 3 March, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 4 May, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel B E Bee, infantry, Confederate States Army, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was mortally wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. He died in the vicinity of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The 4th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General W H C Whiting, on 25 September, 1861.

Report

Supplement to the Official Recors, Volume 1, REPORTS TO ADDENDUM: Series I, Volume 2, pp171-174
Captain T J Goldsby, Fourth Alabama Infantry, dated Camp Bee, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 29 July, 1861

Supplement to the Official Records, Volume 1, REPORTS TO ADDENDUM: Series I, Volume 2, pp185-189
Major H C Whiting, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Camp Bee, on the Bull Run River, 1 August, 1861

Supplement to the Official Records, Volume 1, REPORTS TO ADDENDUM: Series I, Volume 2, pp191-193
Adjutant General & Brigadier General S R Gist (South Carolina), Major R A Howard (Texas), and Captain A Vander Horst (South Carolina), aides to Brigadier General B E Bee, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah