The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Colonel J H Forney

Colonel J H Forney, 10th Alabama Infantry

Tenth Alabama Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for the war dated 4 June, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 22 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL J H FORNEY
Captain J H Forney, artillery, Confederate States Army, was appointed colonel, 10th Alabama Infantry, on 4 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, and all troops at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, by General Orders No.1, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 21 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J B MARTIN
Captain J B Martin, Company G, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 10th Alabama Infantry, on 4 June, 1861.

MAJOR T BRADFORD
T Bradford was appointed major, appointed lieutenant colonel, 10th Alabama Infantry, on 8 July, 1861, and resigned on 21 August, 1861.

Company A Ashville Guards: CAPT. J H CALDWELL
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Ashville, St. Clair County, Alabama, on 4 June, 1861, and was and mustered in Confederate service for the war by Captain J H Forney, artillery, Confederate States Army, dated 4 June, 1861.
Company B Jefferson Volunteers: CAPT. A MARTIN
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Jefferson County, Alabama, on 4 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Montevallo, Shelby County, Alabama, by Captain J H Forney, artillery, Confederate States Army, dated 4 June, 1861.
Company C Cahaba Valley Boys: CAPT. R W COBB
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Montevallo, Shelby County, Alabama, on 4 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war by Captain J H Forney, artillery, Confederate States Army, dated 4 June, 1861.
Company D Alexandria Riflemen: CAPT. F WOODRUFF
The company was accepted and mustered in Confederate service at Alexandria, Calhoun County, Alabama, on 4 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service by Captain J H Forney, Confederate States Army, dated 4 June, 1861. The company arrived at Mountgomery, Mountgomery County, Alabama, on 18 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 28 June, 1861.
Company E Talladega Davis Blues: CAPT. J J WOODWARD
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Talladega County, Alabama, on 4 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war by Captain J H Forney, artillery, Confederate States Army, dated 4 June, 1861. The company was ordered to Mountgomery, Mountgomery County, Alabama, on 24 June, 1861, and arrived via Selma, Dallas County, Alabama, in the evening on 25 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861.
Company F Coosa Valley Blues: CAPT. J D TRUSS
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Cropwell, Shelby County, Alabama, on 4 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war by Captain J H Forney, artillery, Confederate States Army, dated 4 June, 1861. The company was ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 20 June, 1861, and arrived on 22 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861.
Company G Pope Walker Guards: CAPT. W H FORNEY
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Jacksonville, Calhoun County, Alabama, on 4 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war by Captain J H Forney, artillery, Confederate States Army, dated 4 June, 1861. The company was ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 19 June, 1861, and arrived on 22 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 29 June, 1861.
Company H Choccolocco Rifles: CAPT. W R HANNA
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Choccolocco, Calhoun County, Alabama, on 4 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, by Captain J H Forney, artillery, Confederate States Army, dated 4 June, 1861.
Company I Yancey or Calhoun Guards: CAPT. A A HUGHES
The company was accepted in Confederate service at DeKalb County, Alabama, on 4 June, 1861, and was ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 21 June, 1861. The company arrived by steamer on the Coosa River at Montgomery, Montgomery County, via Munford, Talladega County, Alabama, on 23 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate servicefor the war by Captain J H Forney, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 26 June, 1861, dated 4 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Augusta, Richmond County, Georgia, and Wilmington, New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 4 July, 1861.
Company K Fort Williams Rifles: CAPT. J E MCKENZIE
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Fayetteville, Talladega County, Alabama, on 4 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Montevallo, Shelby County, Alabama, by Captain J H Forney, artillery, Confederate States Army, date 4 June, 1861. The company was ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 June, 1861, and arrived on 26 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861.

Sources

"The brigade that I subsequently commanded was organised in the valley near Winchester, as the different regiments reported their arrival, the 9th Alabama being the last regiment assigned to it. It was composed at first as follows: 9th Alabama, 10th Alabama, 11th Alabama, 19th Mississippi and the 38th Virginia - five - regiments. E K Smith, or Edmund Kirby Smith was the first brigade commander."

Transactions of the Alabama historical society 1898-99, Volume 3: Chapter XI, Wilcox's brigade, by Genearl C M Wilcox, edited by Thomas M Owen

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 1, Serial No.13: Record of events for Tenth Alabama Infantry, June 1861-October 1863, edited by James B Hewett

General Edmund Kirby Smith C.S.A., by Joseph H Parks

Alabama, her history, resources, war record, and public men from 1540 to 1872, by W Brewer

Notes

The 10th Alabama Infantry was accepted in Confederate service and ordered to rendezvous at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 4 June, 1861, and Company D arrived on 18 June, 1861; Companies F and G on 22 June, 1861; Company I on 23 June, 1861; Company E on 25 June, 1861; and Company K on 26 June, 1861.

Mustered in war, Alabama, dated 4 June, 1861: The 10th Alabama Infantry was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Alabama by Captain J H Forney, artillery, Confederate States Army, dated 4 June, 1861.

Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, to Richmond, Virginia, 27 June-3 July, 1861: The 10th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, between 27 and 30 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Augusta, Richmond County, Georgia; Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina; and Petersburg, Virginia, on 3 July, 1861.

Note: The 10th Alabama Infantry, Company D, was ordered to proceed by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 27 June, 1861; Company G on 29 June, 1861; and Companies E, F, I, and K on 30 June, 1861.

Richmond to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, D, & E, 11-13 July, 1861: The 10th Alabama Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, and E, were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 11 July, 1861, and arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, via Gordonsville, Orange County, and Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861. Companies A, B, C, D, and E were ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 13 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day.

Richmond to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Companies F, G, H, I, & K, 11-14 July, 1861: The 10th Alabama Infantry, Companies F, G, H, I, and K, were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 11 July, 1861, and arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, via Gordonsville, Orange County, and Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861. Companies F, G, H, I, and K were ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 14 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day.

Note: The 10th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.214, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 7 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 July, 1861.

The 10th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 10th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 19 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, Clarke County, Virginia, at 6 AM the same day and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap and Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederates States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, assumed command of the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 5 AM the same day (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 22 July, 1861: The 10th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day.

Note: Colonel J H Forney, 10th Alabama Infantry, was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, and all troops stationed at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 21 July, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, to Lewis House, Portici, 22 July, 1861: The 10th Alabama Infantry was ordered to the Lewis House, Portici, at 12 PM on 22 July, 1861.

Lewis House, Portici, to Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, 4 August, 1861: The 10th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, on 4 August, 1861.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 10th Alabama Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel J H Forney, 10th Alabama Infantry: First Lieutenant J H Forney, 10th United States Infantry, resigned at West Point Military Academy, Orange County, New York, on 9 January, 1861, dated 23 January, 1861, and was appointed special aide to Colonel W H Chase, Florida Militia, on 22 January, 1861. Special Aide J H Forney was appointed colonel, 1st Alabama Artillery, Provisional Army of Alabama, on 7 February, 1861, and was temporarily assigned to command at Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, between 1 and 11 March, 1861. Colonel J H Forney, 1st Alabama Artillery, Provisional Army of Alabama, was appointed acting inspector general to Brigadier General B Bragg, Confederates States Army, at Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, between 12 and 31 March, 1861, was appointed captain, artillery, Confederates States Army, on 20 April, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861. Captain J H Forney, artillery, Confederates States Army, was ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 31 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 10th Alabama Infantry, on 4 June, 1861.

Note: Colonel W H Chase, Florida Militia, was appointed major general, Provisional Army of Florida, on 31 January, 1861, dated 1 March, 1861.

Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, surrendered at Camp Colorado, Jim Ned Creek, Texas, to Colonel H E McCulloch, Provisional Army of Texas, on 22 February, 1861, and proceeded to Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, near Comanche and Centennial Creeks, Texas, on 26 February, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Cavalry). Captain E K Smith arrived at Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, near Comanche and Centennial Creeks, Texas, on 1 March, 1861, and was appointed major, 2nd United States Cavalry, on 3 March, 1861. Major E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, resigned the same day and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 1 April, 1861. He was appointed lieutenant colonel, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 20 April, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel E K Smith, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on the 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and Major W H C Whiting, corps engineers, Confederate States Army (See Engineers Army of the Shenandoah). Lieutenant Colonel E K Smith was appointed brigadier general, Confederates States Army, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 15 July, 1861.

Note: Major H L Clay, assistant adjutant general, Confederates States Army, was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, and assigned to mustering duty by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph II, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The 10th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Senior Colonel J H Forney, on 25 September, 1861.