The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Captain N H Harris, commanding Company C, 19th Mississippi Infantry

Captain N H Harris, 19th Mississippi Infantry, Company C

Nineteenth Mississippi Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for the war 30 May and 1, 4, 7, 8, and 12 June, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 22 July, 1861. Not present at the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL C H MOTT
Brigadier General C H Mott, Army of Mississippi, was appointed colonel, 19th Mississippi Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL L Q C LAMAR
L Q C Lamar was appointed lieutenant colonel, 19th Mississippi Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861.

MAJOR A SMEAD
A Smead was appointed major, 19th Mississippi Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 10 June, 1861.

Company A President Davis Guards or Davis Guards: CAPT. J M MACON
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for the war at Macon, Noxubee County, Mississippi, by Captain G T Weir, Noxubee Rifles, on 25 April, 1861, and was stationed at Jackson, Hinds County, Mississippi, on 29 April, 1861 (See the 11th Mississippi Infantry). The company was accepted in Confederate service at Macon, Noxubee County, Mississippi, on 22 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861. The company was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at the Old Fairgrounds, one and a quarter miles north of Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 4 June, 1861.
Company B Mott Guards: CAPT. W G MARTIN
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Abbeville, Lafayette County, Mississippi, on 17 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at the Old Fairgrounds, one and a quarter miles north of Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 12 June, 1861.
Company C Warren Rifles: CAPT. N H HARRIS
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for the war at Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi, by Captain H H Miller, Vicksburg Sharpshooters, on 8 May, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 14 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at the Old Fairgrounds, one and a quarter miles north of Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 1 June, 1861.
Company D Thomas Hinds Guards: CAPT. C S COFFEY
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Fayette, Jefferson County, Mississippi, on 28 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at the Old Fairgrounds, one and a quarter miles north of Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 12 June, 1861.
Company E McClung Rifles: CAPT. J W C SMITH
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Oxford, Lafayette County, Mississippi, on 15 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at the Old Fairgrounds, one and a quarter miles north of Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 8 June, 1861.
Company F Avant Southrons: CAPT. W G VAUGHN
The company was mustered in Confederate service at Oxford, Lafayette County, Mississippi, on 15 May, 1861, and was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at the Old Fairgrounds, one and a quarter miles north of Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 7 June,1861.
Company G Springport Invincibles: CAPT. R S ABERNATHY
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for the war at Springport, Panola County, Mississippi, on 28 April, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 16 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at the Old Fairgrounds, one and a quarter miles north of Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 8 June, 1861.
Company H Dan Wright Rifles: CAPT. J G HAMER
The company was accepted in Confederate servive at Canaan, Tippah County, Mississippi, on 15 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.58, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Camp Davis, near Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 30 May, 1861.
Company I Marshall Rifles: CAPT. T J HARDIN
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Holly Springs, Marshall County, Mississippi, on 25 May, 1861, and was ordered to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 30 May, 1861. The company arrived at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, at 12 PM on the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 1 AM on 1 June, 1861. The company arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad at Lynchburg, Virginia, in the morning on 5 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 12 AM on 6 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at the Old Fairgrounds, one and a quarter miles north of Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, in the morning on 12 June, 1861.
Company K Jake Thompson Guards: CAPT. W H H TISON
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Baldwyn, Itawaba County, Mississippi, on 26 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war the Old Fairgrounds, one and a quarter miles north of Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 12 June, 1861.

Sources

"The brigade that I subsequently commanded was organised in the valley near Winchester, as the different regiments reported their arrival, the 9th Alabama being the last regiment assigned to it. It was composed at first as follows: 9th Alabama, 10th Alabama, 11th Alabama, 19th Mississippi and the 38th Virginia – five – regiments. E K Smith, or Edmund Kirby Smith was the first brigade commander."

Transactions of the Alabama historical society 1898-99, Volume 3: Chapter XI, Wilcox's brigade, by Genearl C M Wilcox, edited by Thomas M Owen

"The last detachment of this gallant and fine-looking corps reached this city on Sunday last, and has since been organized and mustered into the service of the Confederate States for and during the war. The regiment is encamped at the Old Fair Grounds, at the head of Main street, where is will be diligently drilled until the exigencies of the service require its removal to the immediate scene of action."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 15 June, 1861: The Nineteenth Mississippi Regiment

"The Nineteenth Mississippi regiment, Col. Mott commanding, moves tomorrow evening at 6 o'clock, to Winchester, there to join the eastern division of the Confederate army, under Gen. Johnston."

The Memphis Daily Appeal, 9 July, 1861 - Camp 1 1/4 miles North of Richmond, 3 July, 1861

"The day before the fight, (Saturday,) the regiment to which I was attached (the Nineteenth Mississippi, Col. C. M. Mott,) was on the way from Winchester to Manassas, waiting at a railway station called Piedmont, for a train to convey it to the vicinity of the scene of action."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 14 August, 1861-The battle of Manassas, graphic account of a capture

"The 19th Regiment Mississippi Volunteers, Col. Christopher Mott commanding, 1,150 men, passed through Richmond at six o'clock yesterday evening."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 5 July, 1861 - Passed through

The Civil War diary of Albert L Peel, Adjutant, 19th Mississippi Regiment, by Albert L Peel

General Edmund Kirby Smith C.S.A., by Joseph H Parks

Oxford in the Civil War: Battle for a vanquished land, by Stephen Enzweiler

Military history of Mississippi, 1803-1898, taken from the official and statistical register of the State of Mississippi, 1908, by Dunbar Rowland

Notes

The 19th Mississippi Infantry was accepted in Confederate service on 1 June, 1861, and was stationed at the Old Fairgrounds, one and a quarter miles north of Richmond, Virginia, on 12 June, 1861.

Mustered in duration war, Richmond, Virginia, 30 May & 1, 4, 7, 8, & 12 June, 1861: The 19th Mississippi Infantry, Company H, was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 30 May, 1861; Company C for the war on 1 June, 1861; Company A for the war on 4 June, 1861; Company F for the war on 7 June, 1861; Companies E and G for the war on 8 June, 1861; and Companies B, D, I, and K for the war on 12 June, 1861.

Note: The Davis Guards was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861, and the Dan Wright Rifles by Special Orders No.58, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 May, 1861, and the 19th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.59, Paragraph IV, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 25 May, 1861.

Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, to Lynchburg, Virginia, Company I, 1-5 June, 1861: The Marshall Rifles was ordered to proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 1 AM on 1 June, 1861, and arrived at Huntsville, Madison County, Alabama, in the evening the same day. The company arrived at Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, at 9 AM on 2 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad to Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, the same day. The Marshall Rifles arrived at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, in the evening on 2 June, 1861, and proceeded by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, at 8 AM on 3 June, 1861. The company arrived at Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, at 10 PM the same day and proceeded to Lynchburg, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861. The Marshall Rifles arrived at Lynchburg, Virginia, in the morning on 5 June, 1861.

Lynchburg to Richmond, Virginia, Company I, 5-6 June, 1861: The Marshall Rifles was ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the afternoon on 5 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Burkeville Junction, Nottoway County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 6 June, 1861.

Note: The 19th Mississippi Infantry, Company H, was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861; Company C on 1 June, 1861; Company A on 2 June, 1861; Company I on 5 June, 1861; Company F on 6 June, 1861; Companies E and G on 8 June, 1861; and Companies B, D, and K on 12 June, 1861.

Old Fairgrounds, one & a quarter miles north of Richmond, Virginia, 6 June, 1861: The 19th Mississippi Infantry was mustered in Confederate service by Captain J Scott, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 12 June, 1861.

Note: A detachment of the 19th Mississippi Infantry arrived by the East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad at Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, at 5 PM on 3 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Christianburg, Montgomery County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 5 June, 1861. The detachment arrived at Christianburg, Montgomery County, Virginia, in the evening on 6 June, 1861, and proceeded to Lynchburg, Virginia, the same day. The detachment of the 19th Mississippi Infantry arrived at Lynchburg, Virginia, in the morning on 7 June, 1861, and proceeded by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, the same day. The detachment arrived by Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at 12 AM on 8 June, 1861.

Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, between 20 & 28 June, 1861: B Allston was appointed first lieutenant, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 11 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the artillery in and about Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.190, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861. First Lieutenant B Allston was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 20 June, 1861, and was stationed at the Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, between 20 and 28 June, 1861. Major B Allston was temporarily assigned to the 19th Mississippi Infantry by Special Orders No.76, Paragraph XII, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and appears on the muster roll of the 4th Alabama Infantry, Company F, on 30 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the 4th Alabama Infantry on 11 August, 1861 (See the 4th Alabama Infantry).

Richmond to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 4-6 July, 1861: The 19th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.209, Paragraph XII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861, and proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad at 6 PM on 4 July, 1861. The regiment arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Manassas Junction via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 5 July, 1861, and arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, at 6 PM the same day. The 19th Mississippi Infantry arrived by the Valley Turnpike at Newtown, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 5 July, 1861, and was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 6 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 10 AM the same day.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, 6-7 July, 1861: The 19th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 6 July, 1861, and arrived at 11 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 7 July, 1861, and at 2 PM the same day.

Note: The 19th Mississippi Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, on 15 July, 1861.

The 19th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 19th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 19 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, Clarke County, Virginia, at 6 AM the same day and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap and Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, assumed command of the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 5 AM the same day (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 22 July, 1861: The 19th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day.

Note: Colonel J H Forney, 10th Alabama Infantry, was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, and all troops stationed at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 21 July, 1861 (See the 10th Alabama Infantry).

Manassas Junction, Virginia, to Lewis House, Portici, 22 July, 1861: The 19th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to the Lewis House, Portici, at 12 PM on 22 July, 1861.

Lewis House, Portici, to Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, 4 August, 1861: The 19th Mississippi Infantry was ordered to Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 4 August, 1861.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 19th Mississippi Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, surrendered at Camp Colorado, Jim Ned Creek, Texas, to Colonel H E McCulloch, Provisional Army of Texas, on 22 February, 1861, and proceeded to Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, near Comanche and Centennial Creeks, Texas, on 26 February, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Cavalry). Captain E K Smith arrived at Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, near Comanche and Centennial Creeks, Texas, on 1 March, 1861, and was appointed major, 2nd United States Cavalry, on 3 March, 1861. Major E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, resigned the same day and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 1 April, 1861. He was appointed lieutenant colonel, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 20 April, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel E K Smith, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on the 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and Major W H C Whiting, corps engineers, Confederate States Army (See Engineers Army of the Shenandoah). Lieutenant Colonel E K Smith was appointed brigadier general, Confederates States Army, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 15 July, 1861.

Note: Major H L Clay, assistant adjutant general, Confederates States Army, was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, and assigned to mustering duty by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph II, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861.

The 19th Mississippi Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Senior Colonel J H Forney, on 25 July 1861.