The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Private A Rives, Company C, 38th Virginia Infantry, circa 1861

Private A Rives, 38th Virginia Infantry, Company C, circa 1861

Thirty-eighth Virginia Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 22 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL E C EDMONDS
Principal E C Edmonds, Danville Military Academy, Danville, Virginia, was appointed colonel, 38th Virginia Infantry, on 12 June, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL P B WHITTLE
P Whittle was appointed lieutenant colonel, 38th Virginia Infantry, on 12 June, 1861.

MAJOR I H CARRINGTON
I H Carrington was appointed major, 38th Virginia Infantry, on 12 June, 1861.

Company A Townes' Company: CAPT. D C TOWNES
The company was accepted in state service at Kentuck, Pittsylvania County, Virginia, on 20 August, 1860, and was mustered in state service for one year on 30 May, 1861.
Company B Pittsylvania Vindicators: CAPT. John R CABELL
The company was accepted in state service at Callands, Pittsylvania County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Danville, Pittsylvania County, on 4 June, 1861.
Company C Laurel Grove Riflemen: CAPT. W B SIMPSON
The company was accepted in state at Laurel Grove, Pittsylvania County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861.
Company D Whitemill Guards: CAPT. R C HERNDON
The company was organised at Whitemill, Pittsylvania County, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861, and was accepted in state service on 24 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861.
Company E Cabell Guards: CAPT. Joseph R CABELL
The company was accepted in state service at Danville, Pittsylvania County, Virginia, 28 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 8 June, 1861.
Company F Davis Rifle Guard: CAPT. J CARTER, JR.
The company was accepted in state service at Republican Grove, Halifax County, Virginia, on 7 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 4 June, 1861.
Company G Mecklenburg Rifles: CAPT. W TOWNES, JR.
The company was accepted in state at Boydton, Mecklenburg County, Virginia, 18 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 3 June, 1861.
Company H Secession Guards: CAPT. J M TERRY
The company was accepted in state service at Pittsylvania Courthouse, Pittsylvania County, Virginia, 7 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861.
Company I (1st) Confederate Guards: CAPT. J S WOOD
The company was accepted in state service at Clarksville, Mecklenburg County, Virginia, in June 1861 and was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861. The company was stationed at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and assigned to the 14th Virginia Infantry, Company G (2nd), by Special Orders No.148, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 27 June, 1862.
Company I (2nd) St. Bride's Light Artillery: CAPT. G A MARTIN
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Norfolk County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year on 6 July, 1861. The company was assigned to the 20th Virginia Battalion Heavy Artillery, Company B, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel A S Cunningham, on 21 June, 1862, and the men and horses of Kyle's Heavy Artillery were assigned to the company the same day. The company was assigned to the 38th Virginia Infantry, Company I (2nd), by Special Orders No.96, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 3 May, 1864, dated 25 April, 1864.
Company K Cascade Rifles: CAPT. G K GRIGGS
The company was accepted in state at Cascade, Pittsylvania County, Virginia, 24 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 3 June, 1861.

Sources

"A volunteer company recently organized in Danville, has been named the Cabell Guards, as a testimonial of respect for Gen. B. W. S. Cabell, of Pittsylvania co., Va."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 29 June, 1861 - Gen. Cabell

"The brigade that I subsequently commanded was organised in the valley near Winchester, as the different regiments reported their arrival, the 9th Alabama being the last regiment assigned to it. It was composed at first as follows: 9th Alabama, 10th Alabama, 11th Alabama, 19th Mississippi and the 38th Virginia - five - regiments. E K Smith, or Edmund Kirby Smith was the first brigade commander."

Transactions of the Alabama historical society 1898-99, Volume 3: Chapter XI, Wilcox's brigade, by Genearl C M Wilcox, edited by Thomas M Owen

General Edmund Kirby Smith C.S.A., by Joseph H Parks

A record of events in Norfolk County, Virginia, from April 19th, 1861, to May 10th, 1862 with a history of the soldiers and sailors of Norfolk County, Norfolk City and Portsmouth, who served in the Confederate States army or navy, by John W H Porter

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Thirty-eighth Virginia Infantry, by G H Gregory

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 72, Serial No.84: Record of events for Thirty-eighth Virginia Infantry, June 1861-February 1865, edited by James B Hewett

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 38th Virginia Infantry was organised at Richmond, Virginia, on 12 June, 1861, and was stationed at at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 7 July, 1861.

Mustered in one year, 30 May; 3, 4, 8, 11, & 20 June; & 2 July, 1861: The 38th Virginia Infantry, Company A, was mustered in state service for one year on 30 May, 1861; Companies C, G, and K for one year on 3 June, 1861; Companies B and F for one year on 4 June, 1861; Company E for one year on 8 June, 1861; Company D for one year on 11 June, 1861; Company I (1st) for one year on 20 June, 1861; and Company H in Confederate service for one year on 2 July, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 38th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Note: Colonel E C Edmonds, Lieutenant Colonel P B Whittle, and Major I H Carrington were assigned to the 38th Virginia Infantry at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.190, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 14 June, 1861.

Richmond to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 9-11 July, 1861: The 38th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.214, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 7 July, 1861, and proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad at 11.30 AM on 9 July, 1861. The regiment arrived by Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 2 AM on 10 July, 1861, and arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, at 2 PM the same day. The 38th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 11 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day.

Note: The 38th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, on 15 July, 1861.

The 38th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 38th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 19 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, Clarke County, Virginia, at 6 AM the same day and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap and Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, assumed command of the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 5 AM the same day (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 22 July, 1861: The 38th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, ay 10 AM the same day.

Note: Colonel J H Forney, 10th Alabama Infantry, was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, and all troops stationed at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 21 July, 1861 (See the 10th Alabama Infantry).

Manassas Junction, Virginia, to Lewis House, Portici, 22 July, 1861: The 38th Virginia Infantry was ordered to the Lewis House, Portici, at 12 PM on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 38th Virginia Infantry, Company D, and the 9th Alabama Infantry, Companies A and D, were stationed at Sudley Church, near Sudley Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, between 23 July and 6 August, 1861 (See the 9th Alabama Infantry).

Lewis House, Portici, to Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, 8 August, 1861: The 38th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, on 8 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Edmonds, on Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day.

Reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 29 April & 1 May, 1862: The 38th Virginia Infantry was reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 29 April and 1 May, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 38th Virginia Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, surrendered at Camp Colorado, Jim Ned Creek, Texas, to Colonel H E McCulloch, Provisional Army of Texas, on 22 February, 1861, and proceeded to Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, near Comanche and Centennial Creeks, Texas, on 26 February, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Cavalry). Captain E K Smith arrived at Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, near Comanche and Centennial Creeks, Texas, on 1 March, 1861, and was appointed major, 2nd United States Cavalry, on 3 March, 1861. Major E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, resigned the same day and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 1 April, 1861. He was appointed lieutenant colonel, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 20 April, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel E K Smith, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on the 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and Major W H C Whiting, corps engineers, Confederate States Army (See Engineers Army of the Shenandoah). Lieutenant Colonel E K Smith was appointed brigadier general, Confederates States Army, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 15 July, 1861.

Note: Major H L Clay, assistant adjutant general, Confederates States Army, was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, and assigned to mustering duty by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph II, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The 38th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Senior Colonel J H Forney, on 25 September, 1861.