The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Captain P B Stanard, Thomas Artillery

Captain P B Stanard, Thomas Artillery

Thomas Artillery

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 20 July, 1861. Stationed at the rear of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River

CAPTAIN P B STANARD

Section: FIRST LT. C H THORNTON
C H Thornton was appointed first lieutenant, Thomas Artillery, on 25 April, 1861.

Two 6 pounder smoothbore, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. E MACON
Second Lieutenant E Macon, Thomas Artillery, was killed at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.

Two 6 pounder smoothbore, M1841

Note: Third Corporal E J Anderson, Thomas Artillery, was appointed second lieutenant, Thomas Artillery, on 2 August, 1861, dated 15 June, 1861, and captain, Thomas Artillery, on 30 July, 1862.

Sources

"The Thomas Artillery was duly organized last night, by the election of P. B. Stanard as Captain, Charles H. Thornton as 1st Lieutenant, Edgar Macon 2d Lieutenant, and a full corps of non-commissioned officers."

The Richmond Daily Dipsatch, 26 April, 1861 - Artillery company organised

"The Hampden and Thomas Artillery Companies moved their camp on Saturday evening from the Baptist College to Griffin's Spring, the quarters occupied by the Howitzers prior to their departure."

The Richmond Daily Dipsatch, 24 June, 1861

"Soon after arriving, Stanard's battery was distributed with Alburtis' Wise Artillery to Brigadier General D R Jones' Brigade. The march took them across McLean's Ford and into position of attack upon the enemy on or about the Union Mills and Centreville Road. While the guns were placed in position, nervous and green artillerists prepared for what the next day would bring."

The Richmond Fayette, Hampden, Thomas, & Blount's Lynchburg Artilley, First Edition, No.630 of 1000, by R H Moore II

Richmond Volunteers: The volunteer companies of the City of Richmond and Henrico County, Virginia, 1861-1865, by Louis H Manarin and Lee A Wallace, Jr.

General Edmund Kirby Smith C.S.A., by Joseph H Parks

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The Thomas Artillery was accepted in state service at Richmond, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Richmond, Virginia, 10 May, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel J Selden, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

Note: Colonel J B Magruder, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to command the artillery in and around Richmond, Virginia, by General Orders No.5, Headquarters of Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861, and the Virginia Forces in and around Richmond, Virginia, by General Orders No.12, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861 (See the 1st Rockbridge Artillery).

Richmond or Baptist College Artillery Barracks, on Bush Hill, south of Deep Run Turnpike, one and a quarter miles northwest of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Virginia, 17 May, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was ordered to the Richmond or Baptist College Artillery Barracks, on Bush Hill, south of Deep Run Turnpike, one and a quarter miles northwest of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

Note: Major J Pegram, artillery, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the Richmond or Baptist College Artillery Barracks, on Bush Hill, south of Deep Run Turnpike, one and a quarter miles northwest of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.38, Headquarters of Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Note: The Thomas Artillery was assigned as support during the building of entrenchments on the Warwick & Poquoson Road on 20 June, 1861.

Richmond or Baptist College Artillery Barracks, on Bush Hill, south of Deep Run Turnpike, one & a quarter miles northwest of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, to Griffin('s) Spring, one mile east of Chimborazo Hill, one & a half miles southeast of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Virginia, 22 June, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was ordered to Griffin('s) Spring, one mile east of Chimborazo Hill, one and a half miles southeast of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Virginia, in the evening on 22 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the Hampden Artillery.

Note: The Thomas Artillery (97) was stationed at Camp Chimborazo, Griffin('s) Spring, one mile east of Chimborazo Hill, one and a half miles southeast of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Virginia, between 5 and 10 July, 1861 (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry).

Griffin('s) Spring, one mile east of Chimborazo Hill, one & a half miles southeast of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 10-12 July, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.216, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861, dated 9 July, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861, and arrived by the Valley Turnpike at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861.

Note: The Thomas Artillery was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, one and a half miles north of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 July, 1861.

The Thomas Artillery was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861, dated 17 July, 1861.

One & a half miles north of Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 19 July, 1861. The company was ordered across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, three and a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 6 AM the same day and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap and Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Note: The Thomas Artillery was assigned to Colonel & Acting Captain W N Pendleton, artillery, Confederate States Army, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861, and was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, in the morning on 21 July, 1861 (See the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 19-20 July, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was ordered to proceed by road to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel & Acting Captain W N Pendleton, artillery, Confederate States Army, at 7 PM on 19 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Rockbridge Artillery and the Wise Artillery. The company arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, via Salem and White Plains, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 20 July, 1861 (See the Wise Artillery).

Note: The Thomas Artillery was assigned to Colonel & Acting Captain W N Pendleton, artillery, Confederate States Army, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861, and was stationed at the rear of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 20 July, 1861 (See the 1st Rockbridge Artillery). Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, assumed command of the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 5 AM the same day (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

After the first battle of Manassas the Thomas Artillery was stationed at the rear of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 21 July, 1861, and at F Lewis' Farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 4 August, 1861.

F Lewis' Farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, to one & a half miles north of the Orange & Alexandria, & two miles northwest of Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, 4-10 August, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was ordered one and a half miles north of the Orange & Alexandria, and two miles northwest of Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, between 4 and 10 August, 1861.

Disbanded at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 4 October, 1862: The Thomas Artillery, under the command of Captain E J Anderson, was disbanded and the men and horses assigned to the Hampden Artillery, 38th Battalion Virginia Light Artillery, Company C, under the command of Captain W H Caskie, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 209, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 4 October, 1862.

Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, surrendered at Camp Colorado, Jim Ned Creek, Texas, to Colonel H E McCulloch, Provisional Army of Texas, on 22 February, 1861, and proceeded to Fort Mason, one mile southwest of Comanche Creek, on Post Oak Hill, Mason County, Texas, on 26 February, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Cavalry). Captain E K Smith arrived at Fort Mason, one mile southwest of Comanche Creek, on Post Oak Hill, Mason County, Texas, on 1 March, 1861, and was appointed major, 2nd United States Cavalry, on 3 March, 1861. Major E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, resigned the same day and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 1 April, 1861. He was appointed lieutenant colonel, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 20 April, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel E K Smith, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on the 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and Major W H C Whiting, corps engineers, Confederate States Army (See Engineers Army of the Shenandoah). He was appointed brigadier general, Confederates States Army, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 15 July, 1861.

Note: Major H L Clay, assistant adjutant general, Confederates States Army, was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, and assigned to mustering duty by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph II, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 September, 1861.

The Thomas Artillery was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Senior Colonel J H Forney, 10th Alabama Infantry, on 25 September, 1861.

Reports

Official REPORT No.82: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp481-482
Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated in the Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861