The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Captain P B Stanard, Thomas Artillery

Captain P B Stanard, Thomas Artillery

Thomas Artillery

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 20 July, 1861. Stationed at the rear of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River

CAPTAIN P B STANARD

Section: FIRST LT. C H THORNTON
C H Thornton was appointed first lieutenant, Thomas Artillery, on 25 April, 1861.

Two 6 pounder smoothbore, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. E MACON
Second Lieutenant E Macon was killed at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.

Two 6 pounder smoothbore, M1841

Note: Third Corporal E J Anderson, Thomas Artillery, was appointed second lieutenant, Thomas Artillery, on 2 August, 1861, dated 15 June, 1861, and captain on 30 July, 1862.

Sources

"The Thomas Artillery was duly organized last night, by the election of P. B. Stanard as Captain, Charles H. Thornton as 1st Lieutenant, Edgar Macon 2d Lieutenant, and a full corps of non-commissioned officers."

The Richmond Daily Dipsatch, 26 April, 1861 - Artillery company organised

"The Hampden and Thomas Artillery Companies moved their camp on Saturday evening from the Baptist College to Griffin's Spring, the quarters occupied by the Howitzers prior to their departure."

The Richmond Daily Dipsatch, 24 June, 1861

"Soon after arriving, Stanard's battery was distributed with Alburtis' Wise Artillery to Brigadier General D R Jones' Brigade. The march took them across McLean's Ford and into position of attack upon the enemy on or about the Union Mills and Centreville Road. While the guns were placed in position, nervous and green artillerists prepared for what the next day would bring."

The Richmond Fayette, Hampden, Thomas, & Blount's Lynchburg Artilley, First Edition, No.630 of 1000, by R H Moore II

Richmond Volunteers: The volunteer companies of the City of Richmond and Henrico County, Virginia, 1861-1865, by Louis H Manarin and Lee A Wallace, Jr.

General Edmund Kirby Smith C.S.A., by Joseph H Parks

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The Thomas Artillery was accepted in state service at Richmond, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Richmond, Virginia, 10 May, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel J Selden, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

Note: Colonel J B Magruder, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to command the artillery in and around Richmond, Virginia, by General Orders No.5, Headquarters of Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861, and the Virginia Forces in and around Richmond, Virginia, by General Orders No.12, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861 (See the 1st Rockbridge Artillery).

Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, 17 May, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was ordered to the Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

Note: The Hampden Artillery was mustered in state service at Richmond, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861, and was stationed at the Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, under the command of Major J Pegram, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 18 May, 1861. Major J Pegram, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.38, Headquarters of Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Note: The Thomas Artillery was assigned as support during the building of entrenchments on the Warwick & Poquoson Road on 20 June, 1861.

Baptist College Artillery Barracks, Fush Hill, to Chimborazo Heights, overlooking Griffin's Spring, near Richmond, Virginia, 22 June, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was ordered to Chimborazo Heights, overlooking Griffin's Spring, near Richmond, Virginia, in the evening on 22 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the Hampden Artillery.

Note: The Thomas Artillery and the Hampden Artillery were stationed at Camp Chimborazo, on Chimborazo Heights, overlooking Griffin's Spring, near Richmond, Virginia, between 23 June and 9 July, 1861, and the Hampden Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 10 July, 1861.

Richmond to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 10-12 July, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.216, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 9 July, 1861, and proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad on 10 July, 1861. The company arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Manassas Junction via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861. The Thomas Artillery arrived by the Valley Turnpike at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861.

Note: The Thomas Artillery was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 July, 1861.

The Thomas Artillery was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 19 July, 1861. The company was ordered across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, Clarke County, Virginia, at 6 AM the same day and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap and Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Note: The Thomas Artillery was assigned to Colonel & Acting Captain W N Pendleton, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861, and was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, in the morning on 21 July, 1861 (See the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19-20 July, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was ordered to proceed by road to Manassas Junction, Virginia, under the command of Colonel & Acting Captain W N Pendleton, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, at 7 PM on 19 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Rockbridge Artillery and the Wise Artillery. The company arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Salem and White Plains, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 20 July, 1861.

Note: The Thomas Artillery, under the command of Colonel & Acting Captain W N Pendleton, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, was stationed at the rear near McLean's Ford, on Bull Run River, on 20 July, 1861, and Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, assumed command of the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861 (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah). He was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 5 AM the same day.

After the first battle of Manassas the Thomas Artillery was stationed at the rear near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 21 July, 1861.

Lewis House, Portici, to Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, 4-10 August, 1861: The Thomas Artillery was ordered to Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, between 4 and 10 August, 1861.

Disbanded, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 4 October, 1862: The Thomas Artillery, under the command of Captain E J Anderson, was disbanded and the men and horses assigned to the Hampden Artillery, 38th Battalion Virginia Light Artillery, Company C, under the command of Captain W H Caskie, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 209, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 4 October, 1862.

Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, surrendered at Camp Colorado, Jim Ned Creek, Texas, to Colonel H E McCulloch, Provisional Army of Texas, on 22 February, 1861, and proceeded to Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, near Comanche and Centennial Creeks, Texas, on 26 February, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Cavalry). Captain E K Smith arrived at Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, near Comanche and Centennial Creeks, Texas, on 1 March, 1861, and was appointed major, 2nd United States Cavalry, on 3 March, 1861. Major E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, resigned the same day and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 1 April, 1861. He was appointed lieutenant colonel, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 20 April, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel E K Smith, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on the 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and Major W H C Whiting, corps engineers, Confederate States Army (See Engineers Army of the Shenandoah). Lieutenant Colonel E K Smith was appointed brigadier general, Confederates States Army, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 15 July, 1861.

Note: Major H L Clay, assistant adjutant general, Confederates States Army, was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, and assigned to mustering duty by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph II, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The Thomas Artillery was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Senior Colonel J H Forney, on 25 September, 1861.

Reports

Official REPORT No.82: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp481-482
Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated near manassas Junction, Virginia, 23 July, 1861