The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Colonel C M Wilcox

Colonel C M Wilcox, 9th Alabama Infantry

Ninth Alabama Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for the war 16 and 18 June, 1861, dated 18 June, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 22 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL C M WILCOX
Colonel J A Johnson resigned in June 1861 and proceeded to Limestone County, Alabama, on 8 July, 1861. Captain C M Wilcox, artillery, Confederate States Army, was appointed colonel, 9th Alabama Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 9 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL S HENRY
Captain S Henry, Company K, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 9th Alabma Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 3 July, 1861.

MAJOR E A O'NEAL
Captain E A O'Neal, Company I, was appointed major, 9th Alabma Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.

Company A Beauregard Rifles: CAPT. F H RIPLEY
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, on 18 May, 1861, and was stationed at at Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861.
Company B Railroad Guards: CAPT. J H J WILLIAMS
The company was organised near Guntersville, Marshall County, Alabama, on 8 April, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on the Tennessee & Coosa Railroad, near Guntersville, Marshall County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861. The company was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, the same day and was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861.
Company C Pope Walker Guards: CAPT. J M WARREN
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Hillsboro, Lawrence County, Alabama, on 24 May, 1861, and was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861.
Company D Lauderdale Rifles: CAPT. J B HOUSTON
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Bluff Creek, Lauderdale County, Alabama, on 27 May, 1861, and was ordered proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861. The company arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 12 AM on 8 June, 1861, and Captain D Houston's, 9th Alabama Infantry, Company D, resignation was accepted by Special Orders No.137, Paragraph V, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 29 August, 1861.
Company E Decatur Sons of Liberty: CAPT. J H KING
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Decatur, Morgan and Limestone Counties, Alabama, on 5 June, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Reservoir, on the James River, near the reservoir, Richmond, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861.
Company F Limestone Troopers: CAPT. T H HOBBS
The company was accepted in Confederate service at the Fairgrounds, near Clem's Springs, six and a half miles northeast of Athens, Limestone County, Alabama, on 3 June, 1861, and was ordered to Athens, Limestone County, Alabama, in the morning on 6 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 11.30 AM the same day and was stationed at Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, on 7 June, 1861. The company arrived by the East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 8 June, 1861, and arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad at Lynchburg, Virginia, at 11 AM on 10 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, the same day and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861.
Company G Jeff Davis Partisan Rangers: CAPT. E Y HILL
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Greenville, Butler County, Alabama, on 6 June, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Reservoir, on the James River, near the reservoir, Richmond, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.
Company H Limestone Greys: CAPT. D HOUSTON
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Athens, Limestone County, Alabama, on 10 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 16 June, 1861, dated 18 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Camp Reservoir, on the James River, near the reservoir, Richmond, Virginia, in the evening on 19 June, 1861.
Company I Calhoun Guards: CAPT. D W GILLIS
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Centre Star, Lauderdale County, Alabama, under the command of Captain E A O'Neal, on 1 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 18 June, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Reservoir, on the James River, near the reservoir, Richmond, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861. Captain E A O'Neal and First Lieutenant D W Gillis, 9th Alabama Infantry, Company I, was appointed major, 9th Alabama Infantry, and captain, 9th Alabama Infantry, Company I, respectively, at Richmond, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.
Company K Marshall Boys: CAPT. J L SHEFFIELD
The company was organised at Guntersville, Marshall County, Alabama, on 25 April, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service, under the command of Captain S I Henry, on 19 May, 1861. The company was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861, and proceeded to Gunter's Landing, on the Tennessee River, near Guntersville, Marshall County, Alabama, in the morning on 5 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the steamer Paint Rock on the Tennessee River to Bridgeport, Jackson County, Alabama, the same day and Captain S I Henry and First Lieutenant J S Sheffield, 9th Alabama Infantry, Company K, were appointed lieutenant colonel, 9th Alabma Infantry, and captain, 9th Alabama Infantry, Company K, respectively, at Richmond, Virginia, on 3 July, 1861.

Sources

"The Lauderdale Rifles left North Alabama last Monday with the hope and desire of reaching Richmond in three days, but owing to delays caused by trains running off the track, were not allowed to reach your beautiful city until ast night about 12 o'clock."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 8 June, 1861 - Adventures of an Alabama Company, The Lauderdale Rifles attacked by an armed mob in East Tennessee, No one hurt, Their safe arrival at Richmond

"The brigade that I subsequently commanded was organised in the valley near Winchester, as the different regiments reported their arrival, the 9th Alabama being the last regiment assigned to it. It was composed at first as follows: 9th Alabama, 10th Alabama, 11th Alabama, 19th Mississippi and the 38th Virginia – five – regiments. E K Smith, or Edmund Kirby Smith was the first brigade commander."

"General Johnston left on the evening of the 20th with a force of two or three regiments, leaving General Smith to expidate the remainder, more than half his army. General Smith left next, leaving myself to forward or bring up the remainder; but Colonel Forney ranked me, on the list, our brigade and others did not reach Manassas Junction until daylight the 22nd, day after the battle."

"The 9th encamped on high ground near Young's Branch that ran into Bull Run near Stone Bridge (Warrenton Turnpike)."

Transactions of the Alabama historical society 1898-99, Volume 3: Chapter XI, Wilcox's brigade, by Genearl C M Wilcox, edited by Thomas M Owen

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 1, Serial No.13: Record of events for Ninth Alabama Infantry, May 1861-October 1864, edited by James B Hewett

Welcome the hour of conflict: William Cowan McClellan and the 9th Alabama, by William Cowan McClellan

General Edmund Kirby Smith C.S.A., by Joseph H Parks

The journals of Thomas Hubbard Hobbs: A contemporary record of an aristocrat from Athens, Alabama, written between 1840, when the diarist was fourteen years old, and 1862, when he died serving the Confederate States of America, edited with notes and index, by Faye A Axford

From blue to grey: The life of Confederate General Cadmus M. Wilcox, by Gerard A Patterson

Alabama, her history, resources, war record, and public men from 1540 to 1872, by W Brewer

From Alabama to Appomattox: History of the Ninth infantry, pictures, complete muster roll, by Price Parker

Notes

The 9th Alabama Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Richmond, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861, and Company A was accepted in Confederate service 18 May, 1861; Company B on 23 May, 1861; Company C on 24 May, 1861; Company D on 27 May, 1861; Company K on 19 June, 1861; Company I on 1 June, 1861; Company F on 3 June, 1861; Company E on 5 June, 1861; Company G on 6 June, 1861; and Company H on 10 June, 1861. The 9th Alabama Infantry was organised by Special Orders No.76, Paragraph II, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Guntersville, Marshall County, Alabama, to Richmond, Virginia, Companies B & K, 23 May, 1861: The Railroad Guards and Marshall Boys were ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861.

Athens, Limestone County, Alabama, to Lynchburg, Virginia, Company F, 6-10 June, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry, Company F, was ordered to proceed by Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 11.30 AM on 6 June, 1861, and arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad at Lynchburg, Virginia, at 11 AM on 10 June, 1861.

Note: The 9th Alabama Infantry, Company B, was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861; Company C on 4 June, 1861; Companies A an D on 8 June, 1861; Companies E and F on 11 June, 1861; Companies G and H on 19 June, 1861; and Company I on 24 June, 1861.

Mustered in war, Lynchburg & Richmond, Virginia, 16 & 18 June, 1861, dated 18 June, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry, Companies H and I, were mustered in Confederate service for the war at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assitant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 16 June, 1861, dated 18 June, 1861, respectively, and Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and K at Richmond, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861.

Note: The 9th Alabama Infantry, Companies C, D, E, and F, were stationed at Camp Reservoir, on the James River, near the reservoir, Richmond, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861.

Note: The 9th Alabama Infantry, Companies H and I, were mustered in Confederate service for the war at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assitant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 16 and 18 June, 1861, respectively, dated 18 June, 1861.

Richmond to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 12-16 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Manassas Junction via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 14 July, 1861. The regiment arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 11.30 AM the same day. The 9th Alabama Infantry arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 PM on 16 July, 1861.

Note: The 9th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861.

The 9th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 19 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, Clarke County, Virginia, at 6 AM the same day and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap and Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, assumed command of the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 5 AM the same day (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 22 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day.

Note: Colonel J H Forney, 10th Alabama Infantry, was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, and all troops stationed at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 21 July, 1861 (See the 10th Alabama Infantry).

Manassas Junction, Virginia, to Lewis House, Portici, 22 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry was ordered to the Lewis House, Portici, at 12 PM on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 9th Alabama Infantry, Companies A and D, and the 38th Virginia Infantry, Company D, were stationed at Sudley Church, near Sudley Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, between 23 July and 6 August, 1861 (See the 38th Virginia Infantry).

Manassas Junction to Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, 10 August, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, on 10 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Broad Run, on Broad Run, near Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia,

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 9th Alabama Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel C M Wilcox, 9th Alabama Infantry: Captain C M Wilcox, 7th United States Infantry, resigned on 8 June, 1861, and was appointed captain, artillery, Confederates States Army, on 16 March, 1861. Captain C M Wilcox, artillery, Confederates States Army, was appointed colonel, 9th Alabama Infantry, on 9 July, 1861.

Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, surrendered at Camp Colorado, Jim Ned Creek, Texas, to Colonel H E McCulloch, Provisional Army of Texas, on 22 February, 1861, and proceeded to Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, near Comanche and Centennial Creeks, Texas, on 26 February, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Cavalry). Captain E K Smith arrived at Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, near Comanche and Centennial Creeks, Texas, on 1 March, 1861, and was appointed major, 2nd United States Cavalry, on 3 March, 1861. Major E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, resigned the same day and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 1 April, 1861. He was appointed lieutenant colonel, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 20 April, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel E K Smith, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on the 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and Major W H C Whiting, corps engineers, Confederate States Army (See Engineers Army of the Shenandoah). Lieutenant Colonel E K Smith was appointed brigadier general, Confederates States Army, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 15 July, 1861.

Note: Major H L Clay, assistant adjutant general, Confederates States Army, was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, and assigned to mustering duty by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph II, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The 9th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Senior Colonel J H Forney, on 25 September, 1861.