The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Colonel C M Wilcox

Colonel C M Wilcox, 9th Alabama Infantry

Ninth Alabama Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for the war 16 and 18 June, 1861, dated 18 June, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 22 July, 1861. Did not participate in the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL C M WILCOX
Colonel J A Johnson, 9th Alabama Infantry, resigned on (?) June, 1861, and proceeded to Limestone County, Alabama, on 8 July, 1861. Captain C M Wilcox, artillery, Confederate States Army, was appointed colonel, 9th Alabama Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 9 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL S HENRY
Captain S Henry, 9th Alabama Infantry, Company K, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 9th Alabma Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 3 July, 1861.

MAJOR E A O'NEAL
Captain E A O'Neal, 9th Alabama Infantry, Company I, was appointed major, 9th Alabma Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.

Company A Beauregard Rifles: CAPT. F H RIPLEY
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, on 18 May, 1861, and was stationed at at Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861.
Company B Railroad Guards: CAPT. J H J WILLIAMS
The company was organised in the vicinity of Guntersville, Marshall County, Alabama, on 8 April, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service at Guntersville, on the Tennessee & Coosa Railroad, Marshall County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861. The company was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, the same day and was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861.
Company C Pope Walker Guards: CAPT. J M WARREN
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Hillsboro, Lawrence County, Alabama, on 24 May, 1861, and was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861.
Company D Lauderdale Rifles: CAPT. J B HOUSTON
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Bluff Creek, Lauderdale County, Alabama, on 27 May, 1861, and was ordered proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861. The company arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 12 AM on 8 June, 1861, and Captain D Houston's, 9th Alabama Infantry, Company D, resignation was accepted by Special Orders No.137, Paragraph V, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 29 August, 1861.
Company E Decatur Sons of Liberty: CAPT. J H KING
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Decatur, Morgan and Limestone Counties, Alabama, on 5 June, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Reservoir, on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861.
Company F Limestone Troopers: CAPT. T H HOBBS
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Clem's Springs, six and a half miles northeast of Athens, Limestone County, Alabama, on 3 June, 1861, and was ordered to Athens, Limestone County, Alabama, in the morning on 6 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 11.30 AM the same day and was stationed at Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, on 7 June, 1861. The company arrived by the East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 8 June, 1861, and arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad at Lynchburg, Virginia, at 11 AM on 10 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, the same day and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861.
Company G Jeff Davis Partisan Rangers: CAPT. E Y HILL
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Greenville, Butler County, Alabama, on 6 June, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Reservoir, on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.
Company H Limestone Greys: CAPT. D HOUSTON
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Athens, Limestone County, Alabama, on 10 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Camp Davis, Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 16 June, 1861, dated 18 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Camp Reservoir, on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, in the evening on 19 June, 1861.
Company I Calhoun Guards: CAPT. D W GILLIS
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Centre Star, Lauderdale County, Alabama, under the command of Captain E A O'Neal, on 1 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Camp Davis, Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 18 June, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Reservoir, on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861. Captain E A O'Neal and First Lieutenant D W Gillis, 9th Alabama Infantry, Company I, was appointed major, 9th Alabama Infantry, and captain, 9th Alabama Infantry, Company I, respectively, at Richmond, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.
Company K Marshall Boys: CAPT. J L SHEFFIELD
The company was organised at Guntersville, Marshall County, Alabama, on 25 April, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service, under the command of Captain S I Henry, on 19 May, 1861. The company was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861, and proceeded to Gunter's Landing, on the Tennessee River, in the vicinity of Guntersville, Marshall County, Alabama, in the morning on 5 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the steamer Paint Rock on the Tennessee River to Bridgeport, Jackson County, Alabama, the same day and Captain S I Henry and First Lieutenant J S Sheffield, 9th Alabama Infantry, Company K, were appointed lieutenant colonel, 9th Alabma Infantry, and captain, 9th Alabama Infantry, Company K, respectively, at Richmond, Virginia, on 3 July, 1861.

Sources

"The Lauderdale Rifles left North Alabama last Monday with the hope and desire of reaching Richmond in three days, but owing to delays caused by trains running off the track, were not allowed to reach your beautiful city until ast night about 12 o'clock."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 8 June, 1861 - Adventures of an Alabama Company, The Lauderdale Rifles attacked by an armed mob in East Tennessee, No one hurt, Their safe arrival at Richmond

"The brigade that I subsequently commanded was organised in the valley near Winchester, as the different regiments reported their arrival, the 9th Alabama being the last regiment assigned to it. It was composed at first as follows: 9th Alabama, 10th Alabama, 11th Alabama, 19th Mississippi and the 38th Virginia - five - regiments. E K Smith, or Edmund Kirby Smith was the first brigade commander."

"General Johnston left on the evening of the 20th with a force of two or three regiments, leaving General Smith to expidate the remainder, more than half his army. General Smith left next, leaving myself to forward or bring up the remainder; but Colonel Forney ranked me, on the list, our brigade and others did not reach Manassas Junction until daylight the 22nd, day after the battle."

"The 9th encamped on high ground near Young's Branch that ran into Bull Run near Stone Bridge (Warrenton Turnpike)."

Transactions of the Alabama historical society 1898-99, Volume 3: Chapter XI, Wilcox's brigade, by Genearl C M Wilcox, edited by Thomas M Owen

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 1, Serial No.13: Record of events for Ninth Alabama Infantry, May 1861-October 1864, edited by James B Hewett

Welcome the hour of conflict: William Cowan McClellan and the 9th Alabama, by William Cowan McClellan

General Edmund Kirby Smith C.S.A., by Joseph H Parks

The journals of Thomas Hubbard Hobbs: A contemporary record of an aristocrat from Athens, Alabama, written between 1840, when the diarist was fourteen years old, and 1862, when he died serving the Confederate States of America, edited with notes and index, by Faye A Axford

From blue to grey: The life of Confederate General Cadmus M. Wilcox, by Gerard A Patterson

Alabama, her history, resources, war record, and public men from 1540 to 1872, by W Brewer

From Alabama to Appomattox: History of the Ninth infantry, pictures, complete muster roll, by Price Parker

Notes

The 9th Alabama Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Richmond, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861, and Company A was accepted in Confederate service 18 May, 1861; Company B on 23 May, 1861; Company C on 24 May, 1861; Company D on 27 May, 1861; Company K on 19 June, 1861; Company I on 1 June, 1861; Company F on 3 June, 1861; Company E on 5 June, 1861; Company G on 6 June, 1861; and Company H on 10 June, 1861. The 9th Alabama Infantry was organised by Special Orders No.76, Paragraph II, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Guntersville, Marshall County, Alabama, to Richmond, Virginia, Companies B & K, 23 May, 1861: The Railroad Guards and Marshall Boys were ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861.

Note: The 9th Alabama Infantry (88/89), Company B, was stationed on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, between 2 June and 1 July, 1861, and Company K (111/112) between 6 and 15 July, 1861.

Athens, Limestone County, Alabama, to Lynchburg, Virginia, Company F, 6-10 June, 1861: The Limestone Troopers was ordered to proceed by Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 11.30 AM on 6 June, 1861, and arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad at Lynchburg, Virginia, at 11 AM on 10 June, 1861.

Note: The 11th Alabama Infantry, Company F (100/104), was stationed on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, between 1 and 3 July, 1861, and 6 and 10 July, 1861.

Mustered in war, Camp Davis, Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg & Richmond, Virginia, 16 & 18 June, 1861, dated 18 June, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry, Company H, was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Camp Davis, Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assitant Adjutant General H L Clay, Confederate States Army, on 16 June, 1861, dated 18 June, 1861; Company I for the war on 18 June, 1861; and Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and K for the war at Richmond, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861.

Richmond & on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, Company C, 4-20 June & 10-15 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry (83/90), Company C, was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, between 4 and 20 June, 1861, and (89) on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, between 10 and 15 July, 1861.

Richmond & on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, Company A, 8-27 June & 3-13 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry (80), Company A, was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, between 8 and 27 June, 1861, and on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, between 3 and 13 July, 1861.

Richmond & on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, Company D, 8-12 June & 1-4 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry (91), Company D, was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, between 8 and 12 June, 1861, and (92) on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, between 1 and 4 July, 1861.

Richmond & on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, Company E, 10-28 June & 4-10 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry (78/84), Company E, was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, between 10 and 28 June, 1861, and (87) at Camp Reservoir, on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, between 6 and 11 July, 1861.

Richmond & on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, Company G, 19-30 June & 6-11 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry (80), Company G, was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, between 19 and 30 June, 1861, and (103/105) on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, between 6 and 11 July, 1861.

Richmond & on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, Company I, 24-30 June & 1-6 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry (76), Company I, was stationed at Richmond, Virginia, between 24 and 30 June, 1861, and (81) at Camp Reservoir, on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, between 1 and 6 July, 1861.

Note: The 9th Alabama Infantry (81), Company H, was stationed on the James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861.

James River, east of the Reservoir or Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 14-16 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 14 July, 1861, and arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, via Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 16 July, 1861. The regiment arrived by the Valley Turnpike one and a half miles north of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 9th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederates States Army, one and a half miles north of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861.

The 9th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861, dated 17 July, 1861.

One & a half miles north of Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 19 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, three and a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 6 AM the same day and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap and Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, assumed command of the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 5 AM the same day (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 22 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 22 July, 1861.

Note: Colonel J H Forney, 10th Alabama Infantry, was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, and all troops stationed at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861 (See the 10th Alabama Infantry).

Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, to F Lewis' Farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 22 July, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry was ordered to F Lewis' Farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 12 PM on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 9th Alabama Infantry, Companies A and D, and the 38th Virginia Infantry, Company D, were stationed at Sudley Church, Sudley Springs, Prince William County, Virginia, between 23 July and 6 August, 1861 (See the 38th Virginia Infantry).

F Lewis' Farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, to one & a half miles north of the Orange & Alexandria, & two miles northwest of Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, 8 & 10 August, 1861: The 9th Alabama Infantry was ordered one and a half miles north of the Orange & Alexandria, and two miles northwest of Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia, on 8 and 10 August, 1861.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 9th Alabama Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel C M Wilcox, 9th Alabama Infantry: Captain C M Wilcox, 7th United States Infantry, resigned on 8 June, 1861, and was appointed captain, artillery, Confederates States Army, on 16 March, 1861. Captain C M Wilcox, artillery, Confederates States Army, was appointed colonel, 9th Alabama Infantry, on 9 July, 1861.

Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, surrendered at Camp Colorado, Jim Ned Creek, Texas, to Colonel H E McCulloch, Provisional Army of Texas, on 22 February, 1861, and proceeded to Fort Mason, one mile southwest of Comanche Creek, on Post Oak Hill, Mason County, Texas, on 26 February, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Cavalry). Captain E K Smith arrived at Fort Mason, one mile southwest of Comanche Creek, on Post Oak Hill, Mason County, Texas, on 1 March, 1861, and was appointed major, 2nd United States Cavalry, on 3 March, 1861. Major E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, resigned the same day and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 1 April, 1861. He was appointed lieutenant colonel, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 20 April, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel E K Smith, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on the 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, and Major W H C Whiting, corps engineers, Confederate States Army (See Engineers Army of the Shenandoah). He was appointed brigadier general, Confederates States Army, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 15 July, 1861.

Note: Major H L Clay, assistant adjutant general, Confederates States Army, was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, and assigned to mustering duty by Special Orders No.34, Paragraph II, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 24 April, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 September, 1861.

The 9th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Senior Colonel J H Forney, 10th Alabama Infantry, on 25 September, 1861.