The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Second Division

Colonel H W Solcum, 27th New York Infantry

Colonel H W Solcum, 27th New York Infantry

Twenty-seventh New York Infantry

Mustered in United States service for two years 9 and 10 July, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 11 July, 1861

COLONEL H W SOLCUM
H W Slocum was appointed colonel, 27th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861, and was severly wounded at the battle of first Bull Run on 21 July, 1861. Colonel H W Slocum was mustered out on 13 August, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J J CHAMBERS
Captain J J Chambers, 27th New York Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 27th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861, and resigned on 13 August, 1861.

MAJOR J J BARTLETT
Captain J J Bartlett, 27th New York Infantry, Company C, was appointed major, 27th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 27th New York Infantry, on September 19, 1861, dated 9 August, 1861.

Company A: CAPT. W M BLeAKeLY
The company was accepted in state service at White Plains, Westchester County, New York, on 30 April, 1861, and J J Chambers was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company A, on 4 July, 1861, dated 30 April, 1861. Captain J J Chambers, 27th New York Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutennat colonel, 27th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant W M Bleakely, 27th New York Infantry, Company A, was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company A, on 4 July, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. A D ADAMS
The company was accepted in state service at Lyons, Wayne County, New York, on 2 May, 1861, and A D Adams was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company B, on 4 July, 1861, dated 2 May, 1861. Captain A D Adams, 27th New York Infantry, Company B, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 27th New York Infantry, on 19 September, 1861, dated 1 September, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. E L LEWIS
The company was accepted in state service at Binghamton, Broome County, New York, on 2 May, 1861, and J J Bartlett was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company C, on 4 July, 1861, dated 2 May, 1861. Captain J J Bartlett was appointed major, 27th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant E L Lewis, 27th New York Infantry, Company C, was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company C, on 4 July, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861.
Company D: CAPT. H C RO(d)GERS
The company was accepted in state service at Binghamton, Broome County, New York, on 2 May, 1861, and H C Ro(d)gers was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company D, on 4 July, 1861, dated 2 May, 1861.
Company E: CAPT. G G WANZER
The company was accepted in state service at Rochester, Monroe County, New York, on 7 May, 1861, and G G Wanzer was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company C, on 4 July, 1861, dated 7 May, 1861.
Company F: CAPT. P JAY
The company was accepted in state service at Binghamton, Broome County, New York, on 8 May, 1861, and P Jay was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company F, on 4 July, 1861, dated 8 May, 1861.
Company G Lima Volunteers: CAPT. J PERKINS
The company was accepted in state service at Lima, Livingston County, New York, on 7 May, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Elmira, Chemung County, New York, on 7 May, 1861. The company arrived by the Rochester & Genesee Valley Railroad at Corning, Steuben County, via Avon Springs, Livingston County, New York, the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Rochester & Genesee Valley Railroad to Elmira, Chemung County, New York, on 21 May, 1861. J Perkins was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company G, on 4 July, 1861, dated 7 May, 1861, and was not fit for duty in the morning on 21 July, 1861. Second Lieutenant H S Hall, 27th New York Infantry, Company G, was assigned to command the company during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861, and Captain J Perkins, 27th New York Infantry, Company G, resigned on 7 November, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. C E MARTIN
The company was accepted in state service at Mount Morris, Livingston County, New York, on 11 May, 1861, and C E Martin was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company H, on 4 July, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861.
Company I: CAPT. C C GARDNER
The company was accepted in state service at Perry, Wyoming County, New York, on 17 May, 1861, and C C Gardner was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company I, on 4 July, 1861, dated 13 May, 1861. Captain C C Gardner, 27th New York Infantry, Company I, was appointed major, 27th New York Infantry, on 19 September, 1861, dated 2 September, 1861.
Company K: CAPT. H L ACHILLES, JR.
The company was accepted in state service at Albion, Orleans County, New York, on 16 May, 1861, and H L Achilles, Jr., was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company K, on 4 July, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861.
Drum Corps: DRUM MaJ. G Cook

Sources

"About 12 o'clock last night the New York Twenty-seventh regiment, numbering a full thousand men, arrived here, per rail."

Evening Star, 12 July, 1861 - More troops - Arrival of the New York Twenty-seventh and Thirty-fifth

"On the march from Washington and in this battle, many men in the regiment wore white linen 'havelocks' with long capes over the back of the neck."

"We passed the 8th N. Y. Militia, who, dressed in their grey State uniforms, were caring for some of their wounded comrades."

History of the 27th Regiment N.Y. Vols, being a record of its more than two years service in the war for the Union, from 21st May, 1861, to 31st May, 1863, with a complete roster, and short sketches of some of commanding officers, also, a record of experience and suffering of some of the comrades in Libby and other Rebel prisons, compiled by C B Fairchild, of Company D

Sherman's forgotton general: Henry W Slocum, by Brian C Melton

Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, Eighty-ninth session, 1866, Volume 4, Nos. 61 to 85 inclusive, by New York Legislature Assembly

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 3, by Frederick Phisterer

Notes

The 27th New York Infantry was accepted in state service for two years on 21 May, 1861, and was ordered across the Chemung River to Southport, Chemung County, New York, the same day.

Southport to Fairgrounds, near Elmira, Chemung County, New York, 15 June, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry was ordered to the Fairgrounds, near Elmira, Chemung County, New York, on 15 June, 1861.

Mustered in two years, Elmira, Chemung County, New York, 9 & 10 July, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry, Companies C, F, and I, were mustered in United States service for two years at Elmira, Chemung County, New York, by Captain L Sitgreaves, United States Topographical Engineers, on 9 July, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861, and Companies A, B, D, E, G, H, and K on 10 July, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861.

Elmira, Chemung County, New York, to Washington, D. C., 10-11 July, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Williamsport & Elmira Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 4 PM on 10 July, 1861, and arrived at Williamsport, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, at 9 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Cattawissa Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, at 10 PM on 10 July, 1861, and arrived by the Northern Central Railroad in the morning the same day. The 27th New York Infantry arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Baltimore City and Annaplois Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 11 PM on 11 July, 1861.

Franklin Square, between Twelfth & Fourteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., 12 July, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry was stationed at Camp Anderson, Franklin Square, between Twelfth & Fourteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., on 12 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 3 PM on 16 July, 1861, and proceeded by the Columbia Turnpike to Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day. The regiment arrived at the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near Arlington Mills, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 16 July, 1861, and encamped at Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 PM the same day. The 27th New York Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived by Little River Turnpike via Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 17 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Turnpike to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 18 July, 1861, and encamped near the Warrenton Turnpike, two miles east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 27th New York Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, on 16 July, 1861.

Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 4.30 AM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 5.30 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 9.30 AM the same day.

Order of march, 21 July, 1861: The 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D; the United States Marine Corps Battalion; the 27th New York Infantry; the 14th New York State Militia Infantry; the 8th New York State Militia Infantry; the United States Battalion Infantry; and the United States Battalion Cavalry, on 16 July, 1861.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the 27th New York Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 12 AM on 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning the same day. The 27th New York Infantry arrived at Fort Runyon, near Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 22 July, 1861, and was ordered to across the Potomac River by Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 12 PM the same day. The regiment arrived at Camp Anderson, Franklin Square, between Twelfth & Fourteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., in the afternoon on 22 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Elmira, Chemung County, New York, 31 May, 1863: The three years' men of the 27th New York Infantry were assigned to the 121st New York Infantry on 25 May, 1863, and the 27th New York Infantry, under the command of Colonel A D Adams, was mustered out at Elmira, Chemung County, New York, on 31 May, 1863.

Colonel A Porter, 16th United States Infantry, First Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army: Brevet Lieutenant Colonel & Captain A Porter, United States Mounted Riflemen, was appointed colonel, 16th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861, and brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Organisation of Brigadier General S P Heintzelman's brigade, Division of the Potomac, 4 August, 1861: Brigadier General S P Hentzelman, United States Volunteers; 5th Maine Infantry; 16th New York Infantry; 26th New York Infantry; 27th New York Infantry; 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company A

Note: The 27th New York Infantry was assigned to Brigadier General S P Heintzelman's brigade, Division of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 4 August, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.34: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp388-389
Major J J Bartlett, Twenty-seventh New York Infantry, dated Camp Anderson, Washington, D. C., 23 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.32: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp353-356
Colonel A Porter, Sixteenth United States Infantry, First Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, dated Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.31: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp382-383
Colonel D Hunter, Third United States Cavalry, Second Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 5 August, 1861