The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Second Division

Colonel H W Solcum, 27th New York Infantry

Colonel H W Solcum, 27th New York Infantry

Twenty-seventh New York Infantry

Mustered in United States service for two years 9 and 10 July, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 11 July, 1861

COLONEL H W SOLCUM
H W Slocum was appointed colonel, 27th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861, and was severely wounded at the battle of first Bull Run on 21 July, 1861. Colonel H W Slocum, 27th New York Infantry, was mustered out on 13 August, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J J CHAMBERS
Captain J J Chambers, 27th New York Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 27th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861, and deserted, resigned, or was absent during the battle of first Bull Run on 21 July, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel J J Chambers, 27th New York Infantry, resigned on 13 August, 1861.

MAJOR J J BARTLETT
Captain J J Bartlett, 27th New York Infantry, Company C, was appointed major, 27th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 27th New York Infantry, on September 19, 1861, dated 9 August, 1861.

Company A: CAPT. W M BLeAKeLY
The company was accepted in state service at White Plains, Westchester County, New York, on 30 April, 1861, and J J Chambers was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company A, on 4 July, 1861, dated 30 April, 1861. Captain J J Chambers, 27th New York Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutennat colonel, 27th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant W M Bleakely, 27th New York Infantry, Company A, was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company A, on 4 July, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. A D ADAMS
The company was accepted in state service at Lyons, Wayne County, New York, on 2 May, 1861, and A D Adams was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company B, on 4 July, 1861, dated 2 May, 1861. Captain A D Adams, 27th New York Infantry, Company B, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 27th New York Infantry, on 19 September, 1861, dated 1 September, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. E L LEWIS
The company was accepted in state service at Binghamton, Broome County, New York, on 2 May, 1861, and J J Bartlett was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company C, on 4 July, 1861, dated 2 May, 1861. Captain J J Bartlett was appointed major, 27th New York Infantry, on 20 June, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant E L Lewis, 27th New York Infantry, Company C, was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company C, on 4 July, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861.
Company D: CAPT. H C RO(d)GERS
The company was accepted in state service at Binghamton, Broome County, New York, on 2 May, 1861, and H C Ro(d)gers was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company D, on 4 July, 1861, dated 2 May, 1861.
Company E: CAPT. G G WANZER
The company was accepted in state service at Rochester, Monroe County, New York, on 7 May, 1861, and G G Wanzer was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company C, on 4 July, 1861, dated 7 May, 1861.
Company F: CAPT. P JAY
The company was accepted in state service at Binghamton, Broome County, New York, on 8 May, 1861, and P Jay was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company F, on 4 July, 1861, dated 8 May, 1861.
Company G Lima Volunteers: CAPT. J PERKINS
The company was accepted in state service at Lima, Livingston County, New York, on 7 May, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Elmira, Chemung County, New York, on 7 May, 1861. The company arrived by the Rochester & Genesee Valley Railroad at Corning, Steuben County, via Avon Springs, Livingston County, New York, the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Rochester & Genesee Valley Railroad to Elmira, Chemung County, New York, on 21 May, 1861. J Perkins was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company G, on 4 July, 1861, dated 7 May, 1861, and was not fit for duty in the morning on 21 July, 1861. Second Lieutenant H S Hall, 27th New York Infantry, Company G, was assigned to command the company during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861, and Captain J Perkins, 27th New York Infantry, Company G, resigned on 7 November, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. C E MARTIN
The company was accepted in state service at Mount Morris, Livingston County, New York, on 11 May, 1861, and C E Martin was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company H, on 4 July, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861.
Company I: CAPT. C C GARDNER
The company was accepted in state service at Perry, Wyoming County, New York, on 17 May, 1861, and C C Gardner was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company I, on 4 July, 1861, dated 13 May, 1861. Captain C C Gardner, 27th New York Infantry, Company I, was appointed major, 27th New York Infantry, on 19 September, 1861, dated 2 September, 1861.
Company K: CAPT. H L ACHILLES, JR.
The company was accepted in state service at Albion, Orleans County, New York, on 16 May, 1861, and H L Achilles, Jr., was appointed captain, 27th New York Infantry, Company K, on 4 July, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861.
Drum Corps: DRUM MaJ. G Cook

Sources

"About 12 o'clock last night the New York Twenty-seventh regiment, numbering a full thousand men, arrived here, per rail."

Evening Star, 12 July, 1861 - More troops - Arrival of the New York Twenty-seventh and Thirty-fifth

"On the march from Washington and in this battle, many men in the regiment wore white linen 'havelocks' with long capes over the back of the neck."

"We passed the 8th N. Y. Militia, who, dressed in their grey State uniforms, were caring for some of their wounded comrades."

History of the 27th Regiment N.Y. Vols, being a record of its more than two years service in the war for the Union, from 21st May, 1861, to 31st May, 1863, with a complete roster, and short sketches of some of commanding officers, also, a record of experience and suffering of some of the comrades in Libby and other Rebel prisons, compiled by C B Fairchild, of Company D

Sherman's forgotton general: Henry W Slocum, by Brian C Melton

Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, Eighty-ninth session, 1866, Volume 4, Nos. 61 to 85 inclusive, by New York Legislature Assembly

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 3, by Frederick Phisterer

Notes

The 27th New York Infantry was accepted in state service for two years on 21 May, 1861, and was ordered across the Chemung River to Southport, Chemung County, New York, the same day.

Southport to Fairgrounds, near Elmira, Chemung County, New York, 15 June, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry was ordered to the Fairgrounds, near Elmira, Chemung County, New York, on 15 June, 1861.

Mustered in two years, Elmira, Chemung County, New York, 9 & 10 July, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry, Companies C, F, and I, were mustered in United States service for two years at Elmira, Chemung County, New York, by Captain L Sitgreaves, United States Topographical Engineers, on 9 July, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861, and Companies A, B, D, E, G, H, and K on 10 July, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861.

Elmira, Chemung County, New York, to Washington, D. C., 10-11 July, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Williamsport & Elmira Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 4 PM on 10 July, 1861, and arrived at Williamsport, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, at 9 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Cattawissa Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, at 10 PM on 10 July, 1861, and arrived by the Northern Central Railroad in the morning the same day. The 27th New York Infantry arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Baltimore City and Annaplois Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 11 PM on 11 July, 1861.

Note: The 27th New York Infantry was ordered to the barracks of the 12th United States Infantry, on Franklin Square, between Twelfth and Fourteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., on 12 July, 1861.

Franklin Square, between Twelfth & Fourteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., 12 July, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry was stationed at Camp Anderson, Franklin Square, between Twelfth and Fourteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., on 12 July, 1861.

Note: The 12th New York State Militia was stationed at Camp Anderson, Franklin Square, between Twelfth and Fourteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., between 7 June and 6 July, 1861, and was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, under the command of Major General C W Sandford, New York State Militia, at 3 PM on 7 July, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Disposition of the First Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, 15 July, 1861: Headquarters, First Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, Colonel A Porter, 16th United States Infantry; 8th NewYork State Militia, Colonel G Lyons, rear of Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; 14th NewYork State Militia, Colonel A M Wood, quarter of a mile south of Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; 27th NewYork Infantry, Colonel H W Slocum, Franklin Square, between Twelfth and Fourteenth Streets, Washington, D. C.; United States Battalion infantry, Major G Sykes, 14th United States Battalion Infantry, Columbia Turnpike, in the vicinity of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; United States Marine Corps Battalion, Major J G Reynolds, Marine Barracks, on the corner of Eighth and I Streets, Washington, D. C.; United States Battalion Cavalry, Major I N Palmer, 2nd United States Cavalry, Johnson's Farm, quarter of a mile west of the tollgate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia; 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D, Captain C Griffin, City Hall, on Indiana Avenue, south of Judiciary Square, Washington, D. C.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 3 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived by the Columbia Turnpike at the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, in the vicinity of Arlington Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day. The regiment arrived by the Little River Turnpike at Annandale via Baileys Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Little River Turnpike to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 17 July, 1861. The 27th New York Infantry arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM the same day and was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861. The regiment arrived in the vicinity of Little Rock Run, south of the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, two miles east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day.

Note: The 27th New York Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, on 16 July, 1861, and Brigadier General I McDowell, United States Army, accompanied the Second Division, McDowell's Army, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Little Rock Run, south of the road between Centreville & Fairfax Courthouse, two miles east of Centreville, Fairfax County, to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, northeast of Sudley Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 4.30 AM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, northeast of Sudley Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 21 July, 1861.

Order of march, 21 July, 1861: 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D; United States Marine Corps Battalion; 27th New York Infantry; 14th New York State Militia; 8th New York State Militia; United States Battalion Infantry; United States Battalion Cavalry

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861, and to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 22 July, 1861. and arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning the same day. The regiment arrived at Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 22 July, 1861, and was ordered to across the Potomac River at Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 12 PM the same day. The 27th New York Infantry arrived at Camp Anderson, Franklin Square, between Twelfth and Fourteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., in the afternoon on 22 July, 1861.

Note: Lieutenant Colonel J J Chambers, 27th New York Infantry, deserted, resigned, or was absent during the battle of first Bull Run on 21 July, 1861, and the 27th New York Infantry, under the command of Major J J Bartlett, was stationed at Camp Anderson, Franklin Square, between Twelfth and Fourteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., on 23 July, 1861.

Camp Anderson, Franklin Square, between Twelfth & Fourteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., 5 August, 1861: The 27th New York Infantry was stationed at Camp Anderson, Franklin Square, between Twelfth and Fourteenth Streets, Washington, D. C., on 5 August, 1861.

Mustered out, Elmira, Chemung County, New York, 31 May, 1863: The three years' men of the 27th New York Infantry were assigned to the 121st New York Infantry on 25 May, 1863, and the 27th New York Infantry, under the command of Colonel A D Adams, was mustered out at Elmira, Chemung County, New York, on 31 May, 1863.

Colonel A Porter, 16th United States Infantry, First Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army: Brevet Lieutenant Colonel & Captain A Porter, United States Mounted Riflemen, was appointed colonel, 16th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861, and brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Organisation of Brigadier General S P Heintzelman's brigade, Division of the Potomac, 4 August, 1861: Brigadier General S P Hentzelman, United States Volunteers; 5th Maine Infantry; 16th New York Infantry; 26th New York Infantry; 27th New York Infantry; 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company A

Note: The 27th New York Infantry was assigned to Brigadier General S P Heintzelman's brigade, Division of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, Washington, D. C., on 4 August, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.34: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp388-389
Major J J Bartlett, Twenty-seventh New York Infantry, dated Camp Anderson, Washington, D. C., 23 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.32: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp353-356
Colonel A Porter, Sixteenth United States Infantry, First Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, dated Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.31: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp382-383
Colonel D Hunter, Third United States Cavalry, Second Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 5 August, 1861