The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Army of Northeastern Virginia

Major I N Palmer, United States Battalion Cavalry

Major I N Palmer, United States Battalion Cavalry

United States Battalion Cavalry

Second United States Cavalry, Companies B, E, G, & I, arrived at Washington, D. C., on 10 May, 1861, and Second United States Dragoons, Company K, and 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, on 9 July, 1861

MAJOR I N PALMER, Second United States Cavalry

First United States Cavalry

Company A: First Lt. T H McCormick
Captain W N R Beall resigned on 20 August, 1861, and was appointed captain, Confederate Army, to date 31 March, 1861. Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General A V Colburn was assigned to command the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, at first Bull Run.

Assignment: First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia (See the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Norteastern Virginia).

Company E: Second Lt. T L'Hommediu
Captain S D Sturgis was appointed major, 1st United States Cavalry, on 3 May, 1861, and First J B McIntyre, 1st United States Cavalry, Company I, was appointed captain shortly afterwards. Second Lieutenant T L'Hommediu, 6th United States Infantry, was assigned to the 1st United States Cavalry, Company E, on 7 May, 1861, and Captain J B McIntyre was on a leave of absense on 3 July, 1861. The company was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the command of Adjutant & Brevet Captain A V Colburn, 1st United States Cavalry, on 3 July, 1861.

Note: First Lieutenant S W Stockton, 1st United States Cavalry, Company E, was assigned as aide de camp on the staff of Colonel D Hunter prior to the first battle of Bull Run and Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General A V Colburn was assigned to command the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, at first Bull Run.

Assignment: First Brigade, Second Division, Army of of Northeastern Virginia (See the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia).

Company A evacuated Fort Arbuckle, on the Washita River, Indian Territory, under the command of Major D B Sacket, on 3 May, 1861, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 31 May, 1861; Company B evacuated Fort Arbuckle, on the Washita River, Indian Territory, under the command of Major D B Sacket, on 3 May, 1861, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 31 May, 1861; Company C evacuated Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory, on 2 May, 1861, and arrived Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 31 May, 1861; Company D evacuated Fort Smith, Arkansas, under the command of Captain S D Sturgis, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 31 May 1861; Company E evacuated Fort Smith, on the Arkansas River, Arkansas, under the command of Captain S D Sturgis, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 31 May 1861; Company F was stationed at Fort Wise, on the Arkansas River, Kansas, under the command of Major J Sedgewick; Company G was stationed at Fort Wise, on the Arkansas River, Kansas, under the command of Major J Sedgewick; Company H was stationed at Fort Wise, on the Arkansas River, Kansas, under the command of Major J Sedgewick; Company I evacuated Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory, on 2 May, 1861, and arrived Fort Leavenworth on 31 May, 1861; Company K was stationed at Fort Wise, on the Arkansas River, Kansas, under the command of Major J Sedgewick.

Fort Smith, on the Arkansas River, Arkansas, to Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, Companies D & E, 23-1 May, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies D and E, evacuated Fort Smith, on the Arkansas River, Arkansas, under the command of Captain S D Sturgis, Company E, at 9 PM on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 1 May, 1861.

Note: Colonel S Borland, aide de camp to Governor H M Rector, and three hundred men arrived by the steamers Tablequah and Frederic Notrebe at the wharf on the Arkansas River at 12 AM on 24 April, 1861, and seized Fort Smith, on the Arkansas River, Kansas, the same day.

Washington, D. C., to Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, 22 March-22 April, 1861: Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory was on special duty at Washington, D. C., in March 1861 and was ordered to Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 22 March, 1861. He arrived at Fort Smith, on the Arkansas River, Arkansas, Indian Territory, between 5 and 6 April, 1861, and proceeded to Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 16 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory arrived at Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, between 20 and 22 April, 1861.

Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, Companies C, D, E, & I, 2 May, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies C and I, under the command of Captains D S Stanley and E A Carr, respectively, were stationed at Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 22 March, 1861, and the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies C, D, E, and I, and the 1st United States Infantry, Company E, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory, evacuated Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 2 May, 1861.

Note: The 1st United States Infantry, Company E, under the command of Captain W E Prince, was stationed at Fort Arbuckle, on the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 28 March, 1861, and arrived at Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 30 March, 1861.

Fort Arbuckle, on the Washita River, Indian Territory, Companies A & B, 3 May, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and B, under the command of First Lieutenants E W Crittenden, and O H Fish, and two companies of the 1st United States Infantry were stationed at Fort Arbuckle, on the Washita River, Indian Territory, under the command of Major D B Sacket, on 3 May, 1861, and the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies C, D, E, and I, and the 1st United States Infantry, Company E, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory, arrived on 3 May, 1861.

Note: Captain S T Benning, Texas State Troops, commanding the Fannin County Company, seized Fort Arbuckle, on the Washita River, Indian Territory, in the morning on 5 May, 1861. Major D B Sacket was appointed lieutenant colonel, 1st United States Cavalry, on 3 May, 1861.

Fort Arbuckle, on the Washita River, Indian Territory, to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, Companies A, B, C, D, E, & I, 4-31 May, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, and I, and three companies of the 1st United States Infantry were ordered to Fort Cobb, near Pond Creek, Indian Territory, on 4 May, 1861, and located two companies of the 1st United States Infantry thirty-five miles northeast of Fort Cobb, near Pond Creek, Indian Territory, on 9 May, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory proceeded to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, the same day. The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, and I, and five companies of the 1st United States Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory, arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, at 1 PM on 31 May, 1861.

Note: The 1st United States Infantry, Companies B, C, D, and F, under the command of Captains C C Gilbert, J B Plummer, D Huston, Jr, and S M Barton, respectively, were stationed at Fort Cobb, near Pond Creek, Indian Territory, under the command of Captain J B Plummer, Company C, in May 1861. Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory resignation was accepted by the War Department at Washington, D. C., on 8 May and was appointed lieutenant colonel, 6th United States Cavalry, on 14 May, 1861. Major D B Sacket, 1st United States Cavalry, was assigned to command Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 31 May, 1861, and was appointed acting adjutant general, Washington, D. C., on 13 June, 1861. Major S D Sturgis was assigned to command Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 12 June, 1861.

Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, to Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, Companies C & E, 11 June, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies C and E, under the command of Major S D Sturgis, were ordered to Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, in the afternoon on 11 June, 1861.

Note: The 1st United States Infantry, Companies B, C, E, and F, the 2nd United States Infantry, Companies E and F, the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies C and E, and the 2nd United States Dragoons, Company C, under the command of Major W E Prince, were stationed at Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, on 13 June, 1861.

Kansas City, Jackson County, to Springfield County, Greene County, Missouri, Companies B, C, D, & I, 23 June-13 July, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies B, C, D, and I, under the command of Major S D Sturgis, were ordered to Springfield County, Greene County, Missouri, at 1 PM on 23 June, 1861, and arrived near the Grand River, Clinton, Henry County, Missouri, on 3 July, 1861. Companies B, C, D, and I were ordered across the Grand River in the evening on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp McClellan, near Springfield County, Greene County, Missouri, on 13 July, 1861.

Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, to Washington, D. C., Companies A & E, 3-9 July, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, under the command of Lieutenant T H McCormick and Captain A V Colburn, respectively, and the 2nd United Dragoons, Company K, were ordered to Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain F C Armstrong, 2nd United Dragoons, Company K, on 3 July, 1861, and arrived by the Philadelphia, Wilmington, & Baltimore Railroad at Baltimore City, Maryland, via Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 9 July, 1861. Companies A and E arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, on 9 July, 1861, and encamped at Seventh Street Park, Washington, D. C., the same day.

Note: Major General G B McClellan requested the the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, as his personal escort on 22 June, 1861.

Skirmish at Dug Springs, near Clever, Christian County, Missouri, Company C, 2 August, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Company C, was engaged in a skirmish near Clever, Christian County, Missouri, on 2 August, 1861, and were ordered to Springfield, Greene County, Missouri, on 4 August, 1861.

Note: The Second United States Battalion Infantry, under the command of Captain F K Steele, the 1st United States Cavalry, Company C, under the command of Captain D S Stanley, and the 2nd United States Artillery, Light Compnay F, under the command of Captain J Totten, were engaged in the skirmish at Dug Springs, near Clever, Christian County, Missouri, on 2 August, 1861.

Battle of Wilson's Creek, near Springfield, Greene County, Missouri, Companies B, C, D, & I, 10 August, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies B, C, D and I, were engaged in the battle of Wilson's Creek, near Springfield, Greene County, Missouri, on 10 August, 1861.

Fort Wise, on the Arkansas River, Kansas, Companies F, G, H, & K, 9 May, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies F, G, H, and K, were stationed at Fort Wise, on the Arkansas River, Kansas, under the command of Major J Sedgwick, on 9 May, 1861, and Companies F and H were ordered to Fort Kearney, on the Platte River, Nebraska Territory, on 29 May, 1861.

Note: Major J Sedgwick was appointed lieutennat colonel, 1st United States Cavalry, on 4 March, 1861, and was ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 20 June, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel J Sedgwick was appointed acting inspector general, Department of Washington, D. C., on 3 August, 1861.

Carlisle Barracks, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania to Washington, D. C., 18 July, 1861: A detachment of recruits of the 2nd United States Cavalry, under the command of Captain J A Thompson, 1st United States Cavalry, Company K, arrived at Washington, D. C., on 18 July, 1861.

Second United States Cavalry

Company B: CAPT. J E HARRISON
First Lieutenant C W Field, Company I, was appointed captain, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, on 31 January, 1861, and resigned on 30 May, 1861. First Lieutenant J E Harrison, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, was appointed captain, the same day and the company arrived at Washington, D. C., on 10 May, 1861. A detachment of fifty men, under the command of First Lieutenant C H Tompkins, was ordered on a reconnaissance near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 31 May, 1861, and was engaged in a skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 1 June, 1861 (See the Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse). The company was stationed at Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and proceeded to Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Captain E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was appointed major, 2nd United States Cavalry, on 31 January, 1861, and resigned on 6 April, 1861 (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah). First Lieutenant C H Tompkins was assigned to the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, at Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 30 April, 1861.

Assignment: First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia (See the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia).

Company E: CAPT. W W LOWE
Captain G Stoneman was appointed major, 1st United States Cavalry, on 9 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant W W Lowe was appointed captain the same day. The company arrived at Washington, D. C., on 10 May, 1861, and was stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, under the command of First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, on 31 May, 1861.

Assignment: Escort to Colonel S P Heintzelman, Third Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia.

Company G: CAPT. R N EAGLE
Captain W R Bradfute
, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, resigned on 21 March, 1861, and Adjutant R N Eagle, 2nd United States Cavalry, was appointed captain on 9 May, 1861. Company G arrived at Washington, D. C., on 10 May, 1861, and was ordered across the Potomac River by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., under the command of Second Lieutenant T Drummond, on 26 May, 1861. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, was assigned to Captain A G Brackett, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, at the rear of Arlington House, near Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Second Lieutenant T Drummond, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, was appointed first lieutenant on 30 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, during the first battle of Bull Run. Second Lieutenant M M Kimmel was appointed first lieutenant, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company F, on 1 April, 1861, but was not assigned to the company and resigned on 14 August, 1861.

Assignment: First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia (See the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia).

Company I: CAPT. A G BRACKETT
The company arrived at at Washington, D. C., on 10 May, 1861, and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies I and G, under the command of Captain A G Brackett, were stationed at the rear of Arlington House, near Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861.

Note: Second Lieutenant J B Holloway, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company A, was appointed first lieutenant on 21 May, 1861, and First Lieutenants M M Kimmel and J B Holloway were assigned to command the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, on 8 June, 1861.

Assignment: Escort to Brigadier General I McDowell commanding Army of Northeastern Virginia.

Company A evacuated Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, Mason County, Texas, under the command of Captain R W Johnson, on 29 March, 1861, and arrived at New York Harbour on 25 April, 1861; Company B evacuated Camp Colorado, on Jim Ned Creek, Coleman County, Texas, under the command of Major E K Smith, on 26 February, 1861; arrived at New York Harbour on 11 April, 1861; Company C evacuated Fort Inge, on the Leona River, Uvalde County, Texas, under the command of Captain J Oakes, on 19 March, 1861, and arrived at New York Harbour on 25 April, 1861; Company D evacuated Camp Cooper, Throckmorton County, Texas, under the command of Captain S D Carpenter, 1st United States Infantry, on 21 February, 1861, and arrived at New York Harbour on 11 April, 1861; Company E evacuated camp on the Rio Grande River, under the command of Captain G Stoneman, on 20 March, 1861, and arrived at New York Harbour on 11 April, 1861; Company F evacuated Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, Mason County, Texas, under the command of Captain R W Johnson, on 29 March, 1861, and arrived at New York Harbour on 25 April, 1861; Company G evacuated camp on the Rio Grande River, Texas, under the command of Captain G Stoneman on 20 March, 1861, and arrived at New York Harbour on 11 April, 1861; Company H evacuated Camp Cooper, Throckmorton County, Texas, under the command of Captain I N Palmer, on 21 February, 1861, and arrived at New York Harbour on 11 April, 1861; Company I evacuated Camp Verde, Kerr County, Texas, under the command of Captain A G Brackett, on 21 February, 1861, and arrived at New York Harbour on 11 April, 1861; Company K evacuated Camp Wood, on the Nueces River, Texas, Real County, Texas, under the command of Captain C J Whiting, on 15 March, 1861, and arrived at New York Harbour on 25 April, 1861.

Camp Colorado, Jim Ned Creek, Coleman County, to Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas, Company B, 26 February-31 March, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, under the command of Major E Kirby Smith, evacuated Camp Colorado, on Jim Ned Creek, Coleman County, Texas, on 26 February, 1861, and arrived at Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, Mason County, Texas, on 1 March, 1861. Company B was stationed at Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas, on 29 March, 1861.

Camp Cooper, on the Brazos River, Throckmorton County, to Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas, Companies D & H, 21 February-22 March, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies D and H, and the 1st United States Infantry, Company H, under the command of Captain S D Carpenter, 1st United States Infantry, surrendered to Colonel W C Dalrymple, Texas State Militia, at Camp Cooper, on the Brazos River, Throckmorton County, Texas, on 21 February, 1861, and arrived at Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas, on 22 March, 1861.

Rio Grande River to Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, Companies E & G, 20-22 March, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies E and G, under the command of Captain G Stoneman, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Mustang on the Rio Grande River to Brazos Santiago, Brazos Island, Texas, on 20 March, 1861, and arrived at Camp Witherell, near Brazos Santiago, Brazos Island, Texas, in the evening the same day. Companies E and G were ordered to proceed by the steamer Arizona to Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, in the morning on 21 March, 1861, and arrived on 23 March, 1861.

Note: Captain W R Bradfute, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, resigned on 21 March, 1861, and First Lieutenant H E Harrison was assigned to command the company between 21 March and 30 May, 1861.

Camp Verde, Kerr County, to Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas, Company I, 21 February-31 March, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, , Company I, evacuated Camp Verde, Kerr County, Texas, under the command of Captain A G Brackett, on 21 February, 1861, and was stationed at Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas, on 28 March, 1861.

Note: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies D, H, and I, were ordered to Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, on 28 March, 1861, and Company B on 29 March, 1861,

Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, to New York Harbour, Companies B, D, E, G, H, & I, 31 March-12 April, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B, D, E, G, H, and I, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Coatzacoalcos to New York Harbour, under the command of Captain I N Palmer, Company D, on 31 March, 1861, and were accompanied by the 1st United States Infantry, Company I (See the United States Army, Department of Washington). Companies B, D, E, G, H, and I arrived at New York Harbour on 11 April, 1861, and were assigned to Major G H Thomas, 2nd United States Cavalry, at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 12 April, 1861.

New York Harbour to Washington D. C., Companies D & H, 12-13 April, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies D and H, under the command of Captain I N Palmer, were ordered to Washington, D. C., on 12 April, 1861, and arrived in the morning on 13 April, 1861. Company D, under the command of Captain I N Palmer, was stationed at the War Department, Washington, D. C., the same day and Company H, under the command of First Lieutenant J E Harrison, was stationed at E Street, Washington, D. C., on 13 April, 1861.

Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, to Washington D. C., Companies B, E, G, & I, 12 April-10 May, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B, E, G, and I, were ordered to Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, under the command of Major G H Thomas, on 12 April, 1861, and arrived on 14 April, 1861. Companies B, E, G, and I were ordered to Washington, D. C., in the morning on 6 May, 1861, and arrived by the Brookeville Turnpike via York, York County, Pennsylvania, and Brookeville, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the morning on 10 May, 1861. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B, E, G, and I, encamped at Park, Seventh Street, Washington, D. C., the same day.

Note: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B, E, G, and I, were assigned to guard duty at the White House and Treasury Buildings, Washington, D. C., between 11 and 23 May 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, and Alexandria, Companies B, E, & I, 24 May, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B, E, and I, under the command of Major G Stoneman, 1st United States Cavalry, were order across the Potomac River in the morning on 24 May, 1861, and Company E, under the command of First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, proceeded by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., to Alexandria, Virginia; Company I, under the command of Captain A G Brackett, by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., to Arlington Heights, Alexandria County; and Company B, under the command of First Lieutenant C H Tompkins, by the Chain Bridge, above Georgetown, D. C., to the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad the same day (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Assignments, Companies B, E, I, and G, 24-31 May, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was stationed on the Georgetown & Falls Church Road at the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad in the afternoon on 24 May, 1861, and two companies of the 28th New York State Militia were assigned as support the same day (See the 28th New York State Militia). Company B was assigned to the Aqueduct Brigade, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, on 24 May, 1861, and was stationed on the Georgetown & Falls Church Road between Arlington Heights and Balls Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, under the command of Second Lieutenant T Drummond, was ordered across the Potomac River by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., on 26 May, 1861, and was assigned to Captain A G Brackett, stationed at the rear of Arlington House, near Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, was stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, under the command of First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, on 31 May, 1861.

Rockville Expedition, Company H, 10 June-2 July, 1861: A detachment of the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company H, under the command of Captain W T Magruder, 1st United States Dragoons, was ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 10 June, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., on 2 July, 1861 (See the Rockville Expedition).

Note: First Lieutenant W H Jenifer, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was stationed at Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 13 April, 1861, and proceeded to Washington, D. C., on a leave of absence on 19 April, 1861. He arrived at Baltimore City, Maryland, during the riot at Pratt Street, Baltimore City, Maryland, on 19 April, 1861, and proceeded to Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, in the evening the same day. First Lieutenant W H Jenifer proceeded to Washington, D. C., via Baltimore City, Maryland, on 22 April, 1861, arrived at Hanover, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 5 PM the same day. He was arrested at Hanover, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, on 22 April, 1861, and arrived at York, York County, Pennsylvania, at 11 PM the same day. First Lieutenant W H Jenifer proceeded to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at 3 PM on 24 April, 1861. He proceeded to Richmond, Virginia, the same day and arrived in the evening on 24 April, 1861, and resigned on 30 April, 1861 (See the Jenifer's Battalion Cavalry).

Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, Mason County, to Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas, Companies A & F, 28 March 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A and F, evacuated Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, Mason County, Texas, under the command of Captain R W Johnson, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company F, on 28 March, 1861, and was stationed at Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas, on 16 April, 1861.

Note: Lieutenant Colonel R E Lee and Major E Van Dorn, 2nd United States Cavalry, were on a leave of absence on 29 March, 1861.

Fort Inge, on the Leona River, Uvalde County, to Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas, Company C, 19 March-12 April, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company C, under the command of Captain J Oakes, evacuated Fort Inge, on the Leona River, Uvalde County, Texas, on 19 March, 1861, and arrived at Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas, on 12 April, 1861.

Note: Captain J Oakes was appointed major, 2nd United States Cavalry, on 6 April, 1861, and proceeded to San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, on 12 April, 1861.

Camp Wood, on the Nueces River, Real County, to Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas, Company K, 15 March 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, under the command of Captain C J Whiting, evacuated Camp Wood, on the Nueces River, Real County, Texas, on 15 March, 1861, and was stationed at Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas, on 16 April 1861.

Note: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were assigned to Captain C J Whiting at Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas, between 12 and 16 April, 1861.

Greenlake, Calhoun County, Texas to New York Harbour, Companies A, C, F, & K, 16-25 April, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Empire City to New York Harbour on 16 April, 1861, and were accompanied by the 3rd United States Infantry, Companies B, D, G, H, and K, under the command of Brevet Major O L Sheppherd (See the United States Battalion Infantry). Companies A, C, F, and K arrived at New York Harbour on 25 April, 1861.

New York Harbour to Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, Companies A, C, F, & K, 27-28 April, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered to Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 27 April, 1861, and arrived on 28 April, 1861.

Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, to Chambersburg, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, Companies A, C, F, & K, 31 May-1 June, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered to Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, under the command of Colonel G H Thomas, on 31 May 1861, and were accompanied by the Philadelphia City Cavalry, First Troop. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, arrived at Chambersburg via Shippensburg, Cumberland and Franklin Counties, Pennsylvania, on 1 June, 1861.

Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, to Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, Companies A, C, F, & K, 27-28 April, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered to Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 27 April, 1861, and were assigned to Major G H Thomas on 29 April, 1861. Companies A, C, F, and K were ordered to Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, under the command of Colonel G H Thomas, on 31 May 1861, and were accompanied by the Philadelphia City Cavalry, First Troop. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, arrived at Chambersburg via Shippensburg, Cumberland and Franklin Counties, Pennsylvania, on 1 June, 1861.

Chambersburg, Franklin County, to Greencastle, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, Companies A, C, F, & K, 7 June, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered to Greencastle, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, on 7 June, 1861, and arrived near Brown's Mill, near Greencastle, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, the same day. Captain R W Johnson, Company F, was assigned to command the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, at Greencastle, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, on 10 June, 1861.

Note: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were assigned to the First Brigade, First Division, Army of the Upper Potomac, under the command of Colonel G H Thomas, by Special Orders No.66, Headquarters, Department of Pennsylvania, on 10 June, 1861 (See the First Brigade, First Division, Army of Pennsylvania).

Greencastle, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, to Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, 15-18 June, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered to Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, in the morning on 15 June, 1861, and arrived the same day. Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered across the Potomac River at Lemon's Ferry, near Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, in the morning on 16 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hitchcock, near the Potomac River, the same day. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered to Washington, D. C., via Frederick City, Frederick County, Maryland, in the morning on 17 June, 1861, and proceeded across the Potomac River at Lemon's Ferry in the evening the same day. The order was countermanded and Companies A, C, F, and K were ordered to Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, on 18 June, 1861.

Note: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, under the command of Colonel G H Thomas, were ordered to Hancock, Washington County, Maryland, on 16 June, 1861, but the order was countermanded the same day.

Williamsport to Downsville, Washington County, Maryland, Companies A, C, F, & K, 28 June, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were stationed at Downsville, Washington County, Maryland, on 28 June, 1861.

Skirmish at Falling Waters or Hoke's Run, on the Potomac River, near Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, Companies A, C, F, & K, 2 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 2 July, 1861, and proceeded across the Potomac River at Lemon's Ferry, near Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, at 4 AM the same day. Companies A, C, F, and K arrived at Porterfield's Farm, between Falling Waters and Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 2 July, 1861, and was assigned as a reserve during a skirmish the same day. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, encamped near Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening on 2 July, 1861.

Hainesville to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, Companies A, C, F, & K, 3 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered to proceed by the Williamsport Turnpike to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 3 July, 1861, and arrived at 12 PM the same day.

Martinsburg, Berkeley County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies A, C, F, & K, 15-21 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 15 July, 1861, and proceeded to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861. Companies A, C, F, and K were ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Note: The 2nd Massachusetts Infantry, Companies A, C, and G, and twenty members of the 2nd United States Cavalry were assigned to garrison duty at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel G L Andrews, on 25 July, 1861 (See the Sixth Brigade, Second Division, Army of the Upper Potomac).

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Companies A, C, F, & K, Maryland, 28-29 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered across the Potomac River to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 28 July, 1861, and were assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel G H Thomas, 2nd United States Cavalry, by General Orders No.36, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 29 July, 1861.

Second United States Dragoons

Company K: CAPT. F C ARMSTRONG
Captain F C Armstrong was assigned as aide de camp on the staff of Brigadier General S Harney, United States Army, in May 1861 and resigned on 13 August, 1861.

Assignment: Escort to Colonel D Hunter, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia.

Company A was stationed at Fort Kearny, on the Platte River, Nebraska Territory, under the command of Captain B Livingston, 3rd United States Cavalry, on 15 April, 1861; Company B was stationed at Camp Floyd (renamed Fort Crittenden in 1860), Fairfield, Utah Territory, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C F Smith, 10th United States Infantry, on 15 April, 1861; Company C evacuated Fort Scott, Bourbon County, Kansas, on 7 January, 1861, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 3 February, 1861; Company D was stationed at Fort Laramie, on the Laramie River, Nebraska Territory, under the command of Colonel E B Alexander, 10th United States Infantry, on 15 April, 1861; Company E was stationed at Camp Floyd (renamed Fort Crittenden in 1860), Fairfield, Utah Territory, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C F Smith, 10th United States Infantry, on 15 April, 1861; Company F was stationed at Fort Laramie, on the Laramie River, Nebraska Territory, under the command of Colonel E B Alexander, 10th United States Infantry, on 15 April, 1861; Company G was stationed at Fort Craig, on the El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, Socorro County, New Mexico, under the command of Brevet Lieutenant Colonel E R S Canby, 10th United States Infantry, on 15 April, 1861; Company H was stationed at Camp Floyd, (renamed Fort Crittenden in 1860), Fairfield, Utah Territory, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C F Smith, 10th United States Infantry, on 15 April, 1861; Company I was stationed at Fort Union, Mora Valley, New Mexico, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel G B Crittenden, United States Mounted Rifles, on 15 April, 1861; Company K evacuated Fort Scott, Bourbon County, Kansas, on 7 January, 1861; arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 3 February, 1861.

Fort Scott, Bourbon County, Kansas, to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, Companies C & K, 7 January-3 February, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Companies C and K, were ordered to Fort Riley, on the Kansas River, Kansas, on 7 January, 1861, and arrived on 12 January, 1861. Companies C and K were ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 29 January, 1861, and arrived on 3 February, 1861.

Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, to St Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri, Company K, 11 June, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Company K, was ordered to Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, in the morning on 11 June, 1861, and arrived across the Missouri River via Weston, Platte County, Missouri, the same day.

Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, to Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, Company C, 11 June, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Company C, under the command of Major W E Prince, 1st United States Infantry, was ordered by boat across the Missouri River to Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, on 11 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st United States Infantry, Companies C and E.

Note: The 1st United States Infantry, Companies B, C, E, and F, the 2nd United States Infantry, Companies E and F, the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies C and E, and the 2nd United States Dragoons, Company C, under the command of Major W E Prince, were stationed at Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri, on 13 June, 1861.

Kansas City, Jackson County, to Springfield, Greene County, Kansas, Company C, 23 June-13 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Company C, under the command of Second Lieutenant C E Farrand, 1st United States Infantry, was ordered to Springfield, Greene County, Missouri, under the command of Major S D Sturgis, 1st United States Cavalry, on 23 June, 1861, and arrived at the ferry on the Grand River, near Clinton, Henry County, Missouri, on 3 July, 1861. Company C was ordered across the Grand River in the evening on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp McClellan, near Springfield County, Greene County, on 13 July, 1861.

Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, to Washington, D. C., Company K, 3-9 July 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Company K, and the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, under the command of Captain F C Armstrong, was ordered to Washington, D. C., on 3 July, 1861, and arrived by the Philadelphia, Wilmington, & Baltimore Railroad at Baltimore City, Maryland, via Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 9 July, 1861. Company K arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, on 9 July, 1861.

Battle of Wilson's Creek, near Springfield, Greene County, Missouri, Company C, 10 August, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Company C, was engaged in the battle of Wilson's Creek, near Springfield, Greene County, Missouri, on 10 August, 1861.

Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D. C., First Lieutenant J P Holliday, 6 February, 1861: A detachment of the 2nd United States Dragoons, under the command of First Lieutenant J P Holliday, was ordered to Washington, D. C., on 6 February, 1861, and arrived at 2 PM on 7 February, 1861. The detachment was stationed at Burch's stables, Fourteenth Street, Washington, D. C., the same day.

Fort Union, Mora Valley, New Mexico, May 1861: Brevet Major H H Sibley, 2nd United States Dragoons, resigned at Fort Union, Mora Valley, New Mexico, on 13 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant J Pegram, 2nd United States Dragoons, Company I, resigned on 10 May, 1861.

Washington D. C., Companies B, D, E, F, H, & K, 23 December, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Companies B, D, E, F, H, and K, were stationed at Cantonment Holt, Washington, D. C., on 23 December, 1861.

Detachment of United States Army

Detachment: Second LT. J S Brisbin, First United States Dragoons

A detachment of one hundred and twenty recruits stationed at Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, under the command of Second Lieutenant J S Brisbin, were ordered to Washington, D.C., on 19 July, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Baltimore City and Annapolis Junction, Maryland, at 12 PM the same day. The detachment was ordered to proceed by steamer across the Potomac River to Alexandria, Virginia, at 2 PM on 20 July, 1861, and and was accompanied by members of the 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery. The detachment of recruits was encamped near Alexandria, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day and was ordered to proceed to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 20 July, 1861. The detachment arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 21 July, 1861, and was engaged in the first battle of Bull Run.

Note: The detachment of recruits were to be assigned to the 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company M, the 3rd United States Infantry, and the United States Cavalry and Second Lieutenant J S Brisbin was appointed captain, 6th United States Cavalry, on 5 August, 1861.

Sources

"The companies brought to New York by the Coatzacoalcos are assigned as follow: Company I, First Infantry, Fort Hamilton, New York harbour; Capt. Jas. H. King, commanding. Companies D and H, Second Cavalry, to washington city. Officers - I. N. Palmer, Second Cavalry, commanding; 1st Lieut. W. P. Chambliss, Second Cavalry. Companies B, G, I, and E, Second Cavalry, to Carlisle Barracks, Pa. Officers - Maj. Geo. H. Thomas commanding; Capts. Geo. Stoneman, Albert G. Brackett; 1st Lieut. W. H. Jenifer; 2nd Lieut. M. M. Kimmel."

The National Republican, 13 April, 1861 - The Texas Troops

"Harrisburg, 6 May - Three hundred of United States cavalry, well mounted, left Carlisle Barracks this morning for York."

The National Republican, 9 May, 1861 - Cavalry from Carlisle

"The four companies which arrived here last Friday were mounted, contrary to reports hereforeto correct. There are two companies, viz: Palmer's and Harrison's, at the Treasury building; and four companies, viz: (Stoneman's, Brackett's, Field's, and Garrard's), on Seventh street, near the Park hotel."

The Evening Star, 14 May, 1861 - The second regiment U. S. cavalry

"Four companies of this regiment of regulars are now on the Virginia side of the Potomac, and are justly regarded as among the elite of the ‘Grand Army’. One company is at Alexandria, and a squadron just back of Arlington House, consisting of G company, commanded by Lieutenants M. M. Kimmell and J. B. Holloway; I company, Lieut. T. Drummond – the whole being under command of Captain A. G. Brackett, of Mexican renown, since known for years as an experienced Indian fighter on the frontier."

Evening Star, 8 June, 1861- The Second Regiment of cavalry

"Col. Dixon H. Miles, Second United States Infantry, arrived on Saturday, with one company of Second United States Infantry, and the band, and has been put in command of a regiment now forming."

The Baltimore Daily Exchange, 13 June, 1861 - The Harpers Ferry movement, 8 June, 1861

"Yesterday, Gen. McDowell ordered the New York Fifth, Twenty-eighth, and Sixty-ninth regiments, to hold themselves in readiness to march at a moment's warning, and at 11 a. m. the Sixty-ninth - 1,100 strond - moved to Ball's Cross Roads, where they found the Captain Brackett's company of Second (regular) cavalry, and the battery of the New York Eighth regiment. Col. Corcoran commands his own (the Sixty-ninth) regiment at that point, and the whole force here is commanded by Col. Hunter, of the regular service."

The Evening Star, 21 June, 1861 - Camp Tyler, (Taylor's Tavern,) Fairfax County, Virginia, 21 June, 1861

"A detachment of regulars passed through yesterday morning to Washington. They came by way of Philadelphia, and are classified as follows: Company A, First Cavalry - Lieutenants McCormick and Wilson; Company E, First Cavalry - Captain A. V. Colburn, Lieutenant L'Hommedieu; Company K, of Second Dragoons, the whole mustering 260 men, under the command of Captain F. C. Armstrong. These troops are from Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, are all in good health, and left that post on 3d instant. They are accompanied by their horses, numbering 246."

The Baltimore Daily Exchange, 10 July, 1861 - Passage of more Federal troops

"Last evening, about two hundred United States cavalry arrived at the depot from Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, and proceeded to the Park, on Seventh street, where they will be quartered."

The National Republican, 10 July, 1861 - Arrival of cavalry and recruits

"In addition to the regular garrison of the Post there were at this time at Carlisle Barracks, several troops of the 2nd (now 5th) Cavalry under command of Maj. George H. Thomas of that regiment."

Fighting rebels and redskins: Experiences in army life of Colonel George B. Sanford 1861-1892, by George B Sandford

"The first troop of the Second to tread the soil of Virginia was K (Armstrong's), which arrived early in July, and was stationed at Arlington Heights."

From Everglade to Canyon with the Second United States Cavalry, by Theophilus Francis Rodenbough

"The cavalry rejoined Palmer, and, on the morning of the 19th, Brakett's company was detailed as General McDowell's escort. Captain Lowe's company, of the 2nd Cavalry, was sent to Colonel Heintzelman, commanding a division; Captain Armstrong's company, of the 2nd Dragoons, to Colonel Hunter, also commanding a division; and the remaining four companies, under Major Palmer, were attached to Colonel Andrew Porter's brigade, of Hunter's division."

History of the United States cavalry: From the formation of the Federal Government to the 1st of June, 1863, by Albert Gallatin Brackett

"Custer noticed that these volunteer soldiers did not step along like West Pointers. They also lacked regulation uniforms: smoe dressed in flaming scarlet, others in green, black or brown; only a few wore blue."

"By midmorning Company G reached Arlington Heights and turned into its old encampment."

Custer: The life of General George Armstrong Custer, by Jay Monaghan

"Rushing down to Washington, Second Lieutenant Custer was able to join his first unit, Company G, 2nd U.S. Cavalry, with General Irvin McDowell's army at Cenreville on the eve of the Battle of Bull Run, 20 July 1861."

Custer victorious: The Civil War battles of General George Armstrong Custer, by Gregory J W Urwin

"These companies were chiefly employed during the battle of Bull Run as supports to batteries of artillery. Those with General Hunter's division crossed Bull Run at one of the upper fords and assisted in turning the enemy's left flank, which at half-past three o'clock p.m. had been forced back until the National troops had pocession of the Warrenton Pike leading from the stone bridge."

"He participated in the battle of Bull Run, where his company served as escort to General McDowell during the entire day, having been detailed for duty on the 19th." During the diastrous retreat his company, with the regular cavalry, constituted about all there was of a rear-guard, and by vigorous and intelligent action did much to restore order among the volunteers, who had been abandoned by their own appointed officers." Captain A G Brackett

"He reported to the adjutant-general of the army on 20th of July, and was selected by General Scott as a bearer of dispatches to General McDowell. He started at seven o'clock PM for Centreville, where he arrived about three o'clock PM of 21st, and having delivered his dispatches, reported for duty with his company at daybreak, and participated in the battle of Bull Run, where he was distinguished for gallant conduct." Second Lieutenant G A Custer

Across the continent with the Fifth Cavalry, by George Frederic Price

"I had one company of cavalry attached to my division, which was joined during the engagement by the cavalry of Colonel Hunter's division."

Report of Colonel S. P. Heintzelman, Seventeenth United States Infantry, commanding Third Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia

"I had one company of cavalry attached to my division, which was joined, during the engagement, by the cavalry of Colonel Hunter’s division. Major Palmer, who commanded them, was anxious to engage the enemy."

The C. S. A., and the Battle of Bull Run: A letter to an English friend, by J G Barnard

William H. Emory: Soldier-scientist, by L David Norris, James C Milligan and Odie B Faulk

George Thomas: Virginian for the Union, by Christopher J Einolf

The Lyon campaign in Missouri being a history of the First Iowa Infantry and of the causes which led up to its organization, and how it earned the thanks of Congress, which it got: together with a birdseye view of the conditions in Iowa preceding the great Civil War of 1861, by E F Ware, a private soldier in Company E of said regiment

An account of the battle of Wilson's Creek or Oak Hills, fought between the Union troops, commanded by Gen. N. Lyon and the Southern, or Confederate troops, under command of Gens. McCulloch and Price, on Saturday, August 10, 1861, in Greene county, Missouri Written and comp. from authentic sources, by Holcombe & Adams

Of duty well and faithfully done: A history of the Regular Army in the Civil War, by Clayton R Newell and Charles R Shrader

The Army of the United States: Historical sketches of staff and line with portraits of generals in chief, by T F Rodenbough, Brevet Brigadier General, and W L Haskin, Major, First Artillery

Official Army Register for September 1861, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, 1 September, 1861

Biographical register of officers and graduates of the United States Military Academy, at West Point, N. Y., from its establishment, 16 March, 1802 to the army reorganisation of 1866-67, by Bvt. Major General George W Cullum, Colonel, Corps of Enginers, U. S. Army

Notes

Second United States Cavalry

Washington, D. C., Companies B, D, E, G, H, & I, 13 April-10 May, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies D and H, under the command of Captain I N Palmer, arrived at Washington, D. C., on 13 April, 1861, and encamped at the Treasury Building, Washington, D. C., the same day. Companies B, E, G, and I arrived at Washington, D. C., on 10 May, 1861, and and encamped at Park, Seventh Street, Washington, D. C., the same day. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B, D, E, G, H, and I, were assigned to guard duty at the White House and the Treasury buildings, Washington, D. C., in May 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, and Alexandria, Companies B, E, & I, 24 May, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B, E, and I, under the command of Major G Stoneman, 1st United States Cavalry, were order across the Potomac River in the morning on 24 May, 1861, and Company E, under the command of First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, proceeded by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., to Alexandria, Virginia; Company I, under the command of Captain A G Brackett, by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., to Arlington Heights, Alexandria County; and Company B, under the command of First Lieutenant C H Tompkins, by the Chain Bridge, above Georgetown, D. C., to the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad the same day (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Assignments, Companies B, E, I, & G, 24-31 May, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was stationed on the Georgetown & Falls Church Road at the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad in the afternoon on 24 May, 1861, and two companies of the 28th New York State Militia were assigned as support the same day (See the 28th New York State Militia). Company B was assigned to the Aqueduct Brigade, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, on 24 May, 1861, and was stationed on the Georgetown & Falls Church Road between Arlington Heights and Balls Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, under the command of Second Lieutenant T Drummond, was ordered across the Potomac River by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., on 26 May, 1861, and was assigned to Captain A G Brackett, stationed at the rear of Arlington House, near Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, was stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, under the command of First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, on 31 May, 1861.

Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, Company B, 31 May-1 June, 1861: A detachment of fifty members of the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, under the command of First Lieutenant CH Tompkins, was ordered on a reconnaissance near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 31 May, 1861, and was engaged in a skirmish in the morning on 1 June, 1861 (See the Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse).

Note: Second Lieutenant D S Gordon, 2nd United States Dragoons, was assigned to the detachment of the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, during the skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861

Rockville Expedtion, 10 June-2 July, Company H, 1861: A detachment of the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company H, was ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 10 June, 1861, and proceeded to Washington, D. C., on 2 July, 1861 (See the United States Army, Department of Washington).

Note: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, was stationed at Balls Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, on 20 June, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was assigned to the First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, under the command of Colonel E D Tyler; the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G and I, to the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, under the command of Colonel A Porter; and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, to the First Brigade, Third Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, Companies G & I, 16-18 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G and I, were assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Columbia Turnpike to Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day. Companies G and I arrived at the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near Arlington Mills, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 16 July, 1861, and encamped at Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 PM the same day. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G and I, were ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and arrived by the Little River Turnpike via Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM the same day. Companies G and I were ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Turnpike to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and arrived same day.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, Company B, 16-18 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was assigned to the First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 16 July, 1861. Company B arrived at Vienna via Old Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 17 July, 1861. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, arrived at Germantown via Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day and was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861. Company B arrived by the Warrenton Turnpike at Centreville via Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning the same day.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, Company E, 16-18 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, accompanied the First Brigade, Third, Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, and was ordered to proceed by the Old Fairfax Road to Pohick Run at 10 AM on 16 July, 1861. Company E arrived at the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near Burkes Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 PM the same day, and was ordered to Sangster's Station, Prince William County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 17 July, 1861. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, arrived at Sangster's Station, Prince William County, via Elzey's, Fairfax County, Virginia,at 3 PM same day and was ordered to Little Rocky Run, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 18 July, 1861. Company E arrived by the Old Braddock Road at Little Rocky Run, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day.

Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, Companies G & I, 18 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G and I, under the command of Captain A G Brackett, were ordered on a reconnaissance to Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Colonel I B Richardson, by Brigadier General D Tyler in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and were accompanied by Brethschneider's Light Battalion Infantry (See Brethschneider's Light Battalion Infantry). Companies G and I were assigned as support to the 3rd United States Artillery, Light Company E, during a skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, between 12 PM and 4 PM the same day (See the 3rd United States Artillery, Light Company E).

Note: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies D and H, was assigned to guard duty at the Treasury Building, Washington, D. C., during the first battle of Bull Run.

First United States Cavalry

Washington, D. C., Companies A & E, 3-9 July, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, were ordered to Washington, D. C., on 3 July, 1861, and and arrived by the Philadelphia, Wilmington, & Baltimore Railroad at Baltimore City, Maryland, via Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 9 July, 1861. Companies A and E arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, on 9 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, Companies A & E, 16-18 July, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, were assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Columbia Turnpike to the Little River Turnpike at 4 PM on 16 July, 1861. Companies A and E arrived at at Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 PM on 16 July, 1861, and were ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861. The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, arrived by the Little River Turnpike at Fairfax Courthouse via Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 17 July, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Turnpike to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861. Companies A and E encamped near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Second United States Dragoons

Washington, D. C., Company K, 3-9 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Company K, was ordered to Washington, D. C., on 3 July, 1861, and and arrived by the Philadelphia, Wilmington, & Baltimore Railroad at Baltimore City, Maryland, via Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 9 July, 1861. Company K arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, on 9 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, Company K, 16-18 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Company K, was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Columbia Turnpike to the Little River Turnpike at 4 PM on 16 July, 1861. Company K arrived at at Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 PM on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861. The 2nd United States Dragoons, Company K, arrived by the Little River Turnpike at Fairfax Courthouse via Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 17 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Turnpike to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861. Company K encamped near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

United States Battalion Cavalry

Assignments prior to first battle of Bull Run: Second Lieutenant D S Gordon, 2nd United States Dragoons, was assigned as aide de camp to Colonel E D Keyes, First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia; Second Lieutenant G A Custer to the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G; Second Lieutenants J W Spangler and H McQuade, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company H, and Second Lieutennat C B McClellen, United States Mounted Riflemen, to the United States Battalion Cavalry; First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, as aide de camp to Colonel S P Heintzelman, Third Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia (See the Third Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia); First Lieutenant S W Stockton, 1st United States Cavalry, as aide de camp to Colonel D Hunter, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia (See the Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia).

West Point Military Academy, Orange County, New York, 24 June, 1861: Cadet G A Custer arrived at Washington, D. C., on 20 July, 1861, and was appointed second lieutenant, 2nd United States Infantry, Company G, by Special Orders No.41, War Department, Adjutant and General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 3 July, 1861.

Distribution, 19 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, was assigned as escort to Brigadier General I McDowell; the the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, was assigned as escort to Brigadier General S P Heintzleman; the 2nd United States Dragoons, Company K, was assigned as escort to Colonel D Hunter; and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B and G, and the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, were assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, under the command of Major I N Palmer, on 19 July, 1861.

Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The United States Battalion Cavalry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 4.30 AM the same day. The battalion was ordered to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 5.30 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 9.30 AM the same day.

Order of march, 21 July, 1861: The 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D; the United States Marine Corps Battalion; the 27th New York Infantry; the 14th New York State Militia Infantry; the 8th New York State Militia Infantry; the United States Battalion Infantry; and the United States Battalion Cavalry, on 16 July, 1861.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the United States Battalion Cavalry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 8.30 PM the same day. The battalion arrived near Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 22 July, 1861.

Redesignated, 3 August, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry was redesignated the 4th United States Cavalry; the 2nd United States Cavalry the 5th United States Cavalry; the 2nd United States Dragoons the 2nd United States Cavalry; and the United States Mounted Riflemen the 3rd United States Cavalry on 3 August, 1861.

The Department of Northeastern Virginia and the Department of Washington were consolidated as the Military District of the Potomac on 25 July, 1861, and was redesignated the Department of the Potomac or Army of the Potomac on 15 August, 1861. The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, were assigned as Provost Guard, under the command of Colonel A Porter, 16th United States Infantry, on 30 July, 1861; the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, to Brigadier General W T Sherman's Brigade, Army of the Potomac, and Company G, to Brigadier General P Kearney's Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 4 August, 1861; and the 2nd United States Dragoons, Company K, and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B and E, to duty at Washington, D. C., in August 1861.

Report

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.37: Series I, Volume 2 (S# 2), Chapter IX, p.393
Major I N Palmer, United States Battalion Cavalry