The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Army of Northeastern Virginia

Major I N Palmer

Major I N Palmer, commanding United States Battalion Cavalry

United States Battalion Cavalry

Arrived at Washington, D. C., between April and July 1861

MAJOR I N PALMER, Second United States Cavalry

First United States Cavalry

Company A: First Lt. T H McCormick
Captain S D Sturgis was appointed major, 1st United States Cavalry, on 3 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant T H McCormick was assigned to command the company prior to the first battle of Bull Run. Brevet Captain and Assistant Adjutant General A V Colburn was assigned to command the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, during the first battle of Bull Run.

Assignment: First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Norteastern Virginia (See the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Norteastern Virginia).

Company E: Second Lt. T L'Hommedieu
Captain J B McIntyre was on a leave of absense and First Lieutenant S W Stockton was assigned as aide de camp on the staff of Colonel D Hunter prior to the first battle of Bull Run. Second Lieutenant T L'Hommedieu was assigned to command the company prior to the first battle of Bull Run and Brevet Captain and Assistant Adjutant General A V Colburn was assigned to command the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, during the first battle of Bull Run.

Note: Captain W N R Beall, 4th United States Cavaly, resigned on 20 August, 1861, and was appointed captain, Confederate States Cavalry, shortly afterwards.

Assignment: First Brigade, Second Division, Army of of Norteastern Virginia (See the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia).

Company A was stationed at Fort Arbuckle, on the Washita River, Indian Territory, under the command of Major D B Sackett, evacuated the post on 3 May, 1861, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 31 May, 1861; Company B was stationed at Fort Arbuckle, on the Washita River, Indian Territory, under the command of Major D B Sackett, evacuated the post on 3 May, 1861, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 31 May, 1861; Company C was stationed at Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory, evacuated the post on 2 May, 1861, and arrived Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 31 May, 1861; Company D was stationed at Fort Smith, Arkansas, under the command of Captain S D Sturgis, evacuated the post on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 31 May 1861; Company E was stationed at Fort Smith, on the Arkansas River, Arkansas, under the command of Captain S D Sturgis, evacuated the post on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 31 May 1861; Company F was stationed at Fort Wise, on the Arkansas River, Kansas, under the command of Major J Sedgewick, until December 1861; Company G was stationed at Fort Wise, on the Arkansas River, Kansas, under the command of Major J Sedgewick, and was ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas; Company H was stationed at Fort Wise, on the Arkansas River, Kansas, under the command of Major J Sedgewick; Company I was stationed at Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory, evacuated the post on 2 May, 1861, and arrived Fort Leavenworth on 31 May, 1861; Company K was stationed at Fort Wise, on the Arkansas River, Kansas, under the command of Major J Sedgewick, and was ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas.

Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, Companies C and I, April 1861: Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory was on special duty at Washington, D. C., in March 1861 and was ordered to Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 22 March, 1861. Companies C, Captain D S Stanley, and I, Captain E A Carr, were stationed at Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, and the 1st United States Infantry, Company E, under the command of Captain W E Prince, stationed at Fort Arbuckle, on the Washita River, Indian Territory, was ordered to Fort Washita, on the Washita River, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 28 March, 1861. The the 1st United States Infantry, Company E, arrived at Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 30 March, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory arrived at Fort Smith, on the Arkansas River, Arkansas, Indian Territory, between 5 and 6 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory proceeded to Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 16 April, 1861, and arrived between 20 and 22 April, 1861. The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies D and E, under the command of Captain S D Sturgis, arrived at Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 1 May, 1861, and the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies C, D, E, and I, and the 1st United States Infantry, Company E, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory, evacuated Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 2 May, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory arrived at the Washita River in May 1861, and the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and B, under the command of Major D B Sackett, and two companies of the 1st United States Infantry arrived at the Washita River on 3 May, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory proceeded to relive the remaining garrison at Fort Cobb, near Pond Creek, Indian Territory, on 4 May, 1861, and the two companies of the 1st United States Infantry stationed at Fort Cobb, near Pond Creek, Indian Territory, were located thirty-five miles northeast of the post on 9 May, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory proceeded to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, the same day.

Note: Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory resigned on 9 May and was appointed lieutenant colonel, 6th United States Cavalry, on 14 May, 1861.

Fort Smith, on the Arkansas River, Arkansas, Companies D and E, 23 April, 1861: Companies D, Second Lieutenant C S Bowman, and E, were stationed at Fort Smith, on the Arkansas River, Arkansas, under the command of Captain S D Sturgis, Company E, and evacuated the post at 9 PM on 23 April, 1861. Colonel S Borland, aide de camp to Governor H M Rector, was ordered to seize Fort Smith, on the Arkansas River, Arkansas, on 24 April, 1861. Captain S D Sturgis arrived at Fort Washita, near the Washita River, Indian Territory, on 30 April, 1861, and reported to Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory.

Fort Arbuckle, on the Washita River, Indian Territory, Companies A and B, 3 May, 1861: Companies A, First Lieutenant E W Crittenden, and B, First Lieutenant O H Fish, were stationed at Fort Arbuckle, on the Washita River, Indian Territory, under the command of Major D B Sacket, and arrived at the Washita River on 3 May, 1861. Captain S T Benning, Texas State Troops, commanding the Fannin County Company, seized Fort Arbuckle, on the Washita River, Indian Territory, in the morning on 5 May, 1861.

Fort Cobb, near Pond Creek, Indian Territory, 1st United States Infantry, Companies B, C, D, and F, 3 May, 1861: The 1st United States Infantry, Companies B, Captain C C Gilbert, C, Captain J B Plummer, D, Captain D Huston, Jr, and F, Captain S M Barton, were stationed at Fort Cobb, near Pond Creek, Indian Territory, under the command of Captain J B Plummer, and two companies arrived at the Washita River on 3 May, 1861.

Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, Companies A, B, C, D, and F, 31 May, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Companies C and K, stationed at Fort Riley, on the Kansas River, Kansas, were ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 29 January, 1861, and arrived in the evening on 3 February, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel W H Emory arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, at 1 PM on 31 May, 1861, and his resignation dated March, 1861 was accepted by the War Department at Washington, D. C., on 8 May, 1861. W H Emory was ordered to Washington, D. C., and Major D B Sackett was assigned to command the post at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, in June 1861.

Carlisle Barracks, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, Recruits, 5 June, 1861: A detachment of two hundred and eight recruits stationed at Carlisle Barracks, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, under the command of Captain W L Elliott, United States Mounted Riflemen, arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 5 June, 1861.

Note: The one hundred and fifty recruits of United States Mounted Riflemen were organised as Companies A and B and armed as infantry and the twenty-eight recruits of 1st United States Dragoons, Companies B and G, and thirty recruits of 2nd United States Dragoons, Companies G and I, were organised as a light artillery, under the command of Second Lieutenant J V Du Bois, at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, in June 1861. Du Bois' Light Artillery was assigned one 12 pounder howitzer, three 6 pounder smoothbores and the United States Mounted Riflemen, Companies A and B, and Du Bois' Light Artillery were assigned to Captain W L Elliott. Captain W L Elliott was relieved from duty at Clinton, Henry County, Missouri, in July 1861 and was assigned to command the 1st United States Cavalry, Company D, on 24 July, 1861. The United States Mounted Riflemen Recruits, Company A, was assigned to the 1st United States Battalion Infantry, Companies B, C, and D, under the command of Captain J B Plummer, 1st United States Infantry, and the United States Mounted Riflemen Recruits, Company B, was assigned to the 2nd United States Battalion Infantry, Companies B and E, and a company of General Service Recruits, under the command of Captain F K Steele, 2nd United States Infantry, Company E (See the United States Battalion Infantry).

Kansas City, Wyandotte County, Kansas, to Clinton, Henry County, Missouri, Companies B, C, D, and I, 12 June-4 July, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies B, C, D and I; the 1st United States Infantry, Companies B, C, and D; the 2nd United States Dragoons, Company C; the 2nd United States Infantry, Company E; DuBois' United States Light Artillery; and the United States Mounted Riflemen recruits, Companies A and B, assigned as infantry, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Iata to Kansas City, Wyandotte County, Kansas, under the command of Major S D Sturgis, on 12 June, 1861. Major S D Sturgis was ordered to rendezvous with Brigadier General N Lyons at Clinton, Henry County, Missouri, on 24 June, 1861, and arrived on 4 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General N Lyons was assigned to command the 1st Kansas Infantry, the 2nd Kansas Infantry and the Kansas Mounted Rangers, 2nd Kansas Infantry, Company I.

Washington, D. C., Companies A and E, 9 July 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, were assigned to duty as Major General G B McClellan's personal escort on 22 June, 1861, and were stationed at Carlisle Barracks, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, in July 1861. Companies A and E arrived at Washington, D. C., on 9 July, 1861, and encamped at Seventh Street Park, Washington, D. C., the same day.

Note: Captain S D Sturgis was appointed major, 1st United States Cavalry, on 3 May, 1861.

Fort Wise, on the Arkansas River, Kansas, Companies F, G, H, and K: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies F, G, H, and K, were stationed at Fort Wise, on the Arkansas River, Kansas, under the command of Major J Sedgewick, and Companies F and H were ordered to Fort Kearney, on the Platte River, Nebraska Territory, to contain hostile Indians on 29 May, 1861. Companies G and K were stationed at Fort Leavensworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, in June 1861.

Note: Major J Sedgwick was appointed lieutennat colonel, 1st United States Cavalry, on 16 March, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C. Lieutenant Colonel J Sedgwick was assigned acting inspector general, Department of Washington, D. C., on 3 August, 1861.

Carlisle Barracks, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania to Washington, D. C., Captain J A Thompson, Company K, 18 July, 1861: A detachment of recruits of the 2nd United States Cavalry were stationed at Carlisle Barracks, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, and arrived at Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain J A Thompson, 1st United States Cavalry, Company K, on 18 July, 1861.

Second United States Cavalry

Company B: CAPT. J E HARRISON
First Lieutenant C W Field, Company I, was appointed captain, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, on 31 January, 1861, and resigned on 30 May, 1861. First Lieutenant J E Harrison, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, was appointed captain, the same day and the company arrived at Washington, D. C., on 10 May, 1861. A detachment of fifty men, under the command of First Lieutenant C H Tompkins, was ordered on a reconnaissance near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 31 May, 1861, and was engaged in a skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 1 June, 1861 (See the Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse). The company was ordered to Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Note: Captain E K Smith, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was appointed major, 2nd United States Cavalry, on 31 January, 1861, and resigned on 6 April, 1861 (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah). First Lieutenant C H Tompkins was assigned to the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, at Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 30 April, 1861.

Assignment: First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Norteastern Virginia (See the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia).

Company E: CAPT. W W LOWE
Captain G Stoneman was appointed major, 1st United States Cavalry, on 9 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant W W Lowe was appointed captain the same day. The company arrived at Washington, D. C., on 10 May, 1861, and was stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, under the command of First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, on 31 May, 1861.

Assignment: Escort to Colonel S P Heintzelman, Third Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia.

Company G: CAPT. R N EAGLE
Captain W R Bradfute
, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, resigned on 21 March, 1861, and Adjutant R N Eagle, 2nd United States Cavalry, was appointed captain on 9 May, 1861. Company G arrived at Washington, D. C., on 10 May, 1861, and was ordered across the Potomac River by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., under the command of Second Lieutenant T Drummond, on 26 May, 1861. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, was assigned to Captain A G Brackett, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, at the rear of Arlington House, near Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Second Lieutenant T Drummond, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, was appointed first lieutenant on 30 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, during the first battle of Bull Run. Second Lieutenant M M Kimmel was appointed first lieutenant, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company F, on 1 April, 1861, but was not assigned to the company and resigned on 14 August, 1861.

Assignment: First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia (See the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia).

Company I: CAPT. A G BRACKETT
The company arrived at at Washington, D. C., on 10 May, 1861, and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies I and G, under the command of Captain A G Brackett, were stationed at the rear of Arlington House, near Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861. Company I was stationed at Balls Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, on 20 June, 1861.

Note: Second Lieutenant J B Holloway, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company A, was appointed first lieutenant on 21 May, 1861, and First Lieutenants M M Kimmel and J B Holloway were assigned to command the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, on 8 June, 1861.

Assignment: Escort to Brigadier General I McDowell commanding Army of Northeastern Virginia.

Company A was stationed at Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, Mason County, Texas, under the command of Captain R W Johnson, evacuated the post on 29 March, 1861, and arrived at Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 27 April, 1861; Company B was stationed at Camp Colorado, Jim Ned Creek, Coleman County, Texas, under the command of Major E K Smith, evacuated the post on 26 February, 1861, and arrived at Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 13 April, 1861; Company C was stationed at Fort Inge, on the Leona River, Uvalde County, Texas, under the command of Captain J Oakes, evacuated the post on 19 March, 1861, and arrived at Carlisle Barracks, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 27 April, 1861; Company D was stationed at Camp Cooper, Throckmorton County, Texas, under the command of Captain S D Carpenter, 1st United States Infantry, evacuated the post on 21 February, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., on 17 April, 1861; Company E was stationed on the Rio Grande River, under the command of Captain G Stoneman, evacuated the post on 20 March, 1861, arrived at Carlise Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 13 April, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C.; Company F was stationed at Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, Mason County, Texas, under the command of Captain R W Johnson, evacuated the post on 29 March, 1861, and arrived at Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 27 April, 1861; Company G was stationed on the Rio Grande River, Texas, under the command of Captain G Stoneman evacuated the post on 20 March, 1861, and arrived at Carlisle Barracks, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 27 April, 1861; Company H was stationed at Camp Cooper, Throckmorton County, Texas, under the command of Captain I N Palmer, evacuated the post on 21 February, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., on 17 April, 1861; Company I was stationed at Camp Verde, Kerr County, Texas, under the command of Captain A G Brackett, evacuated the post on 21 February, 1861, and arrived at Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 13 April, 1861; Company K was stationed at Camp Wood, on the Nueces River, Texas, Real County, Texas, under the command of Captain C J Whiting, evacuated the post on 15 March, 1861, and arrived at Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 27 April, 1861.

Second United States Cavalry, Companies B, D, E, G, H, and I

Camp Colorado, Jim Ned Creek, Coleman County, to Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, Company B, 26 February-March, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, under the command of Major E Kirby Smith, evacuated Camp Colorado, Jim Ned Creek, Coleman County, Texas, on 26 February, 1861, and arrived at Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, Mason County, Texas, on 1 March, 1861. Company B was stationed at Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, on 31 March, 1861.

Camp Cooper, on the Brazos River, Throckmorton County, to Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, Companies D and H, 21 February-22 March, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies D and H, and the 1st United States Infantry, Company H, under the command of Captain S D Carpenter, 1st United States Infantry, surrendered to Colonel W C Dalrymple, Texas State Militia, on 21 February, 1861, and arrived at Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, on 22 March, 1861.

Rio Grande River to Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, Companies E and G, 20-22 March, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies E and G, under the command of Captain G Stoneman, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Mustang on the Rio Grande River to Brazos Santiago, Brazos Island, Texas, on 20 March, 1861, and arrived at Camp Witherell, near Brazos Santiago, Brazos Island, Texas, in the evening the same day. Companies E and G were ordered to proceed by the steamer Arizona to Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, in the morning on 21 March, 1861, and arrived on 23 March, 1861.

Note: Captain W R Bradfute, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, resigned on 21 March, 1861, and First Lieutenant H E Harrison was assigned to command the company between 21 March and 30 May, 1861.

Camp Verde, Kerr County, to Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, Company I, 21 February-31 March, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, , Company I, evacuated Camp Verde, Kerr County, Texas, under the command of Captain A G Brackett, on 21 February, 1861, and was stationed at Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, on 31 March, 1861.

Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, to New York Harbour, Companies B, D, E, G, H, and I, 31 March -11 April, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B, D, E, G, H, and I, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Coatzacoalcos to New York Harbour, under the command of Captain I N Palmer, Company D, on 31 March, 1861, and arrived on 11 April, 1861. Companies B, D, E, G, H, and I were ordered to report to Major G H Thomas, 2nd United States Cavalry, at New York City, New York, the same day.

New York Harbour to Washington D. C., Companies D and H, 11-13 April, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies D and H, under the command of Captain I N Palmer, were ordered to Washington, D. C., on 12 April, 1861, and arrived in the morning on 13 April, 1861. Company D, under the command of Captain I N Palmer, was stationed at the War Department, Washington, D. C., the same day and Company H, under the command of First Lieutenant J E Harrison, was stationed at E Street, Washington, D. C., on 13 April, 1861.

Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, to Washington D. C., Companies B, E, G, and I, 6-10 May, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B, E, G, and I, were ordered to Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, under the command of Major G H Thomas, on 13 April, 1861, and were ordered to Washington, D. C., in the morning on 6 May, 1861. Companies B, E, G, and I arrived by the Brookeville Turnpike via Brookeville, Montgomery County, and York, York County, Maryland, in the morning on 10 May, 1861, and encamped at Park, Seventh Street, Washington, D. C., the same day. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B, E, G, and I, were assigned to guard duty at the White House and the Treasury buildings, Washington, D. C., between 11 and 23 May 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, and Alexandria, Companies B, E, and I, 24 May, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B, E, and I, under the command of Major G Stoneman, 1st United States Cavalry, were order across the Potomac River in the morning on 24 May, 1861, and Company E, under the command of First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, proceeded by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., to Alexandria, Virginia; Company I, under the command of Captain A G Brackett, by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., to Arlington Heights, Alexandria County; and Company B, under the command of First Lieutenant C H Tompkins, by the Chain Bridge, above Georgetown, D. C., to the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad the same day (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Assignments, Companies B, E, I, and G, 24-31 May, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was stationed on the Georgetown & Falls Church Road at the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad in the afternoon on 24 May, 1861, and two companies of the 28th New York State Militia were assigned as support the same day (See the 28th New York State Militia). Company B was assigned to the Aqueduct Brigade, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, on 24 May, 1861, and was stationed on the Georgetown & Falls Church Road between Arlington Heights and Balls Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, under the command of Second Lieutenant T Drummond, was ordered across the Potomac River by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., on 26 May, 1861, and was assigned to Captain A G Brackett, stationed at the rear of Arlington House, near Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, was stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, under the command of First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, on 31 May, 1861.

Rockville Expedition, Company H, 10 June-2 July, 1861: A detachment of the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company H, under the command of Captain W T Magruder, 1st United States Dragoons, was ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 10 June, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., on 2 July, 1861 (See the Rockville Expedition).

Note: First Lieutenant W H Jenifer, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was stationed at Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 13 April, 1861, and proceeded to Washington, D. C., on a leave of absence on 19 April, 1861. He arrived at Baltimore City, Maryland, during the riot at Pratt Street, Baltimore City, Maryland, on 19 April, 1861, and proceeded to Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, in the evening the same day. First Lieutenant W H Jenifer proceeded to Washington, D. C., via Baltimore City, Maryland, on 22 April, 1861, arrived at Hanover, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 5 PM the same day. He was arrested at Hanover, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, on 22 April, 1861, and arrived at York, York County, Pennsylvania, at 11 PM the same day. First Lieutenant W H Jenifer proceeded to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at 3 PM on 24 April, 1861. He proceeded to Richmond, Virginia, the same day and arrived in the evening on 24 April, 1861, and resigned on 30 April, 1861 (See the Jenifer's Battalion Cavalry).

Second United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K

Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, Mason County, to Greenlake, near Indianola, Texas, Companies A and F, 29 March 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A and F, evacuated Fort Mason, Post Oak Hill, Mason County, Texas, under the command of Captain R W Johnson, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company F, on 29 March, 1861, and was stationed at Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, on 16 April, 1861.

Note: Lieutenant Colonel R E Lee and Major E Van Dorn, 2nd United States Cavalry, were on a leave of absence on 29 March, 1861.

Fort Inge, on the Leona River, Uvalde County, to Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, Company C, 19 March-12 April, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company C, under the command of Captain J Oakes, evacuated Fort Inge, on the Leona River, Uvalde County, Texas, on 19 March, 1861, and arrived at Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, on 12 April, 1861.

Note: Captain J Oakes was appointed major, 2nd United States Cavalry, on 6 April, 1861, and proceeded to San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, on 12 April, 1861.

Camp Wood, on the Nueces River, Real County, to Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, Company K, 15 March 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, under the command of Captain C J Whiting, evacuated Camp Wood, on the Nueces River, Real County, Texas, on 15 March, 1861, and was stationed at Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, on 16 April 1861. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were assigned to Captain C J Whiting at Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, between 12 and 16 April, 1861.

Greenlake, near Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas to New York Harbour, 16-25 April, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Empire City to New York Harbour on 16 April, 1861, and were accompanied by the 3rd United States Infantry, Companies B, D, G, H, and K, under the command of Captain O L Sheppherd. Companies A, C, F, and K arrived at New York Harbour on 25 April, 1861 (See the United States Battalion Infantry).

Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, to Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, 31 May-1 June, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered to report to Major G H Thomas at Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on 27 April, 1861, and were ordered to Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, under the command of Colonel G H Thomas, on 31 May 1861. Companies A, C, F, and K were accompanied by the Philadelphia City Cavalry, First Troop, and arrived at Chambersburg via Shippensburg, Cumberland and Franklin Counties, Pennsylvania, on 1 June, 1861.

Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 4 June-21 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were assigned to the First Brigade, First Division, Army of the Upper Potomac, on 4 June, 1861, and proceeded to Brown's Mill, near Greencastle, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, on 7 June, 1861 (See the First Brigade, First Division, Army of the Upper Potomac). Companies A, C, F, and K were ordered to Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, on 15 June, 1861, and proceeded across the Potomac River at Lemon's Ferry, near Willaimsport, Washington County, Maryland, at 4 AM on 2 July, 1861.

Skirmish at Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies C and K, were assigned as a reserve during the skirmish on the Williamsport Turnpike, near Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 2 July, 1861, and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, encamped at Hoke's Run near Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day

Martinsburg, Berkeley County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15-21 Jylu, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies C and K, were ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 3 July, 1861. Companies A, C, F, and K were ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 15 July, 1861, and arrived in the afternoon the same day. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were ordered to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861, and proceeded to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861. Companies A, C, F, and K arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day.

Reorganised, First Brigade, Army of the Shennadoah, 29 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, C, F, and K, were assigned to the reorganised First Brigade, Army of the Shennadoah, at Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 29 July, 1861.

Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 14-30 September, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies A, F, and K, were ordered to Washington, D. C., on 14 September, 1861, and Company C on 30 September, 1861.

Note: Major G H Thomas was appointed colonel, 2nd United States Cavalry, on 3 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the First Brigade, First Division, Army of the Upper Potomac, on 7 June, 1861. Brigadier General G H Thomas was assigned to the Department of Cumberland on 17 August, 1861, and resigned as colonel, 2nd United States Cavalry, on 28 August, 1861.

Second United States Dragoons

Company K Second United States Dragoons: CAPT. F C ARMSTRONG
Captain F C Armstrong was assigned as aide de camp on the staff of Brigadier General S Harney, United States Army, in May 1861 and resigned on 13 August, 1861. He was appointed assistant adjutant general on the staff of Brigadier General B McCulloch, Confederate States Army, shortly afterwards.

Assignment: Escort to Colonel D Hunter, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia.

Company A was stationed at Fort Kearny, on the Platte River, Nebraska Territory, evacuated the post on 8 November, 1861, under the command of Captain B Livingston, 3rd United States Cavalry, and arrived in Washington, D. C., on 29 November, 1861; Company B was stationed at Camp Floyd (renamed Fort Crittenden in 1860), Fort Crittenden, Fairfield, Utah Territory, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C F Smith, 10th United States Infantry; Company C was stationed at Fort Scott, Bourbon County, Kansas, evacuated the post on 7 January, 1861, arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 3 February, 1861, ordered to Springfield, Greene County, Missouri, under the command of Second Lieutenant C E Farrand, 1st United States Infantry, on 12 June, 1861, and arrived on 6 August, 1861; Company D was stationed at Fort Laramie, on the Laramie River, Nebraska Territory, under the command of Colonel E B Alexander, 10th United States Infantry; Company E was stationed at Camp Floyd (renamed Fort Crittenden in 1860), Fort Crittenden, Fairfield, Utah Territory, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C F Smith, 10th United States Infantry; Company F was stationed at Fort Laramie, on the Laramie River, Nebraska Territory, under the command of Colonel E B Alexander, 10th United States Infantry; Company G was stationed at Fort Craig, on the El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, Socorro County, New Mexico, under the command of Brevet Lieutenant Colonel E R S Canby, 10th United States Infantry, ordered to Washington, D. C., on 21 February, 1862, and arrived on 25 November, 1862; Company H was stationed at Camp Floyd, (renamed Fort Crittenden in 1860), Fort Crittenden, Fairfield, Utah Territory, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C F Smith, 10th United States Infantry; Company I was stationed at Fort Union, Mora Valley, New Mexico, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel G B Crittenden, United States Mounted Rifles, stationed at Fort Garland, San Luis Valley, New Mexico, until September 1862 and arrived at Washington, D. C., on 25 November, 1862; Company K was stationed at Fort Scott, Bourbon County, Kansas, evacuated the post on 7 January, 1861, arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 3 February, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., on 2 July, 1861.

Fort Kearny, on the Platte River, Nebraska Territory, to Washington, D. C., Company A, 8-29 November, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Company A, was stationed Fort Kearny, on the Platte River, Nebraska Territory, under the command of Captain B Livingston, 3rd United States Cavalry, in November 1861 and was ordered to Fort Leavenworth , Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 8 November, 1861. The company arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 21 November, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain J T Ray, 2nd United States Infantry, on 22 November, 1861. Company A arrived at Cantonment Holt, Washington, D. C., on 29 November, 1861.

Washington D. C., Companies B, D, E, F, H, and K, 23 December, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Companies B, D, E, F, H, and K, was stationed at Cantonment Holt, Washington, D. C., on 23 December, 1861.

Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, Companies C and K, 3 February, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Companies C and K, were stationed at Fort Riley, on the Kansas River, Kansas, and were ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 29 January, 1861. The companies arrived at Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, on 3 February, 1861, and Company C was ordered to Clinton, Henry County, Missouri, under the command of Major S D Sturgis, 1st United States Cavalry, on 12 June, 1861. Company K was ordered to Washington, D. C., on 2 July, 1861, and arrived after 8 July, 1861.

Fort Craig, on the El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, Socorro County, New Mexico, Company G, 8 October, 1861: Company G was stationed at Fort Craig, on the El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, Socorro County, New Mexico, under the command of Brevet Lieutenant Colonel E R S Canby, 10th United States Infantry, and was so depleted by numbers by 8 October, 1861, the company was temporaily assigned as artillery to the 3rd United States Cavalry, Company I, under the command of Captain A McRae.

Fort Union, Mora Valley, New Mexico, Company I, 27 October-25 November, 1862: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Company I, was stationed at Fort Union, Mora Valley, New Mexico, under the command of Second Lieutenant C J Walker, and was ordered to Fort Garland, San Luis Valley, New Mexico. Companies I and G were ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, Kansas, under the command of First Lieutenant C W Canfield, as escort to Brigadier General E R S Canby and arrived on 27 October, 1862. The 2nd United States Dragoons, Companies I and G, were ordered to Washington, D. C., in November 1862 and arrived on 25 November, 1862.

Carlisle Barracks, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D. C., First Lieutenant J P Holliday, 6 February, 1861: A detachment of the 2nd United States Dragoons, stationed at Carlisle Barracks, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the command of First Lieutenant J P Holliday, on 6 February, 1861, and arrived at 2 PM on 7 Febraury, 1861. The detachment was stationed at Burch's stables, Fourteenth Street, Washington, D. C.

Fort Union, Mora Valley, New Mexico, May 1861: Brevet Major H H Sibley, commanding the post at Fort Union, Mora Valley, New Mexico, resigned on 13 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant J Pegram, Company I, resigned on 10 May, 1861.

Detachment of United States Army

Detachment: Second LT. J S Brisbin, First United States Dragoons

A detachment of recruits from Carlisle Barracks, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, under the command of Second Lieutenant J S Brisbin, was ordered to Washington, D.C., on 19 July, 1861, and were to be assigned to the 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company M, the 3rd United States Infantry, and the United States Cavalry at Washington, D. C. The detachment received arms and was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, as Brigadier General J K Mansfield had proceeded to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861. Second Lieutenant J S Brisbin was unable to obtain orders and proceeded to the battlefield and after the first battle of Bull Run Second Lieutenant J S Brisbin was appointed captain, 6th United States Cavalry.

Note: Carlisle Barracks, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, was garrisoned by United States recruits and was commanded by Major L P Graham, 2nd United States Dragoons.

Sources

"Harrisburg, 6 May - Three hundred of United States cavalry, well mounted, left Carlisle Barracks this morning for York."

The National Republican, 9 May, 1861 - Cavalry from Carlisle

"The four companies which arrived here last Friday were mounted, contrary to reports hereforeto correct. There are two companies, viz: Palmer's and Harrison's, at the Treasury building; and four companies, viz: (Stoneman's, Brackett's, Field's, and Garrard's), on Seventh street, near the Park hotel. "

The Evening Star, 14 May, 1861 - The second regiment U. S. cavalry

"Four companies of this regiment of regulars are now on the Virginia side of the Potomac, and are justly regarded as among the elite of the ‘Grand Army’. One company is at Alexandria, and a squadron just back of Arlington House, consisting of G company, commanded by Lieutenants M. M. Kimmell and J. B. Holloway; I company, Lieut. T. Drummond – the whole being under command of Captain A. G. Brackett, of Mexican renown, since known for years as an experienced Indian fighter on the frontier."

Evening Star, 8 June, 1861- The Second Regiment of cavalry

"Yesterday, Gen. McDowell ordered the New York Fifth, Twenty-eighth, and Sixty-ninth regiments, to hold themselves in readiness to march at a moment's warning, and at 11 a. m. the Sixty-ninth - 1,100 strond - moved to Ball's Cross Roads, where they foundthe Captain Brackett's company of Second (regular) cavalry, and the battery of the New York Eighth regiment. Col. Corcoran commands his own (the Sixty-ninth) regiment at that point, and the whole force here is commanded by Col. Hunter, of the regular service. "

The Evening Star, 21 June, 1861 - Camp Tyler, (Taylor's Tavern,) Fairfax County, Va, 21 June, 1861

"Last evening, about two hundred United States cavalry arrived at the depot from Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, and proceeded to the Park, on Seventh street, where they will be quartered."

The National Republican, 10 July, 1861 - Arrival of cavalry and recruits

"In addition to the regular garrison of the Post there were at this time at Carlisle Barracks, several troops of the 2nd (now 5th) Cavalry under command of Maj. George H. Thomas of that regiment."

Fighting rebels and redskins: Experiences in army life of Colonel George B. Sanford 1861–1892, by George B Sandford

"The first troop of the Second to tread the soil of Virginia was K (Armstrong's), which arrived early in July, and was stationed at Arlington Heights."

From Everglade to Canyon with the Second United States Cavalry, by Theophilus Francis Rodenbough

"The cavalry rejoined Palmer, and, on the morning of the 19th, Brakett's company was detailed as General McDowell's escort. Captain Lowe's company, of the 2nd Cavalry, was sent to Colonel Heintzelman, commanding a division; Captain Armstrong's company, of the 2nd Dragoons, to Colonel Hunter, also commanding a division; and the remaining four companies, under Major Palmer, were attached to Colonel Andrew Porter's brigade, of Hunter's division."

History of the United States cavalry: From the formation of the Federal Government to the 1st of June, 1863, by Albert Gallatin Brackett

"Custer noticed that these volunteer soldiers did not step along like West Pointers. They also lacked regulation uniforms: smoe dressed in flaming scarlet, others in green, black or brown; only a few wore blue."

"By midmorning Company G reached Arlington Heights and turned into its old encampment."

Custer: The life of General George Armstrong Custer, by Jay Monaghan

"Rushing down to Washington, Second Lieutenant Custer was able to join his first unit, Company G, 2nd U.S. Cavalry, with General Irvin McDowell's army at Cenreville on the eve of the Battle of Bull Run, 20 July 1861."

Custer victorious: The Civil War battles of General George Armstrong Custer, by Gregory J W Urwin

"These companies were chiefly employed during the battle of Bull Run as supports to batteries of artillery. Those with General Hunter's division crossed Bull Run at one of the upper fords and assisted in turning the enemy's left flank, which at half-past three o'clock p.m. had been forced back until the National troops had pocession of the Warrenton Pike leading from the stone bridge."

"He participated in the battle of Bull Run, where his company served as escort to General McDowell during the entire day, having been detailed for duty on the 19th." During the diastrous retreat his company, with the regular cavalry, constituted about all there was of a rear-guard, and by vigorous and intelligent action did much to restore order among the volunteers, who had been abandoned by their own appointed officers." Captain A G Brackett

"He reported to the adjutant-general of the army on 20th of July, and was selected by General Scott as a bearer of dispatches to General McDowell. He started at seven o'clock PM for Centreville, where he arrived about three o'clock PM of 21st, and having delivered his dispatches, reported for duty with his company at daybreak, and participated in the battle of Bull Run, where he was distinguished for gallant conduct." Second Lieutenant G A Custer

Across the continent with the Fifth Cavalry, by George Frederic Price

"I had one company of cavalry attached to my division, which was joined during the engagement by the cavalry of Colonel Hunter's division."

Report of Colonel S. P. Heintzelman, Seventeenth United States Infantry, commanding Third Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia

"I had one company of cavalry attached to my division, which was joined, during the engagement, by the cavalry of Colonel Hunter’s division. Major Palmer, who commanded them, was anxious to engage the enemy."

The C. S. A., and the Battle of Bull Run: A letter to an English friend, by J G Barnard

William H. Emory: Soldier-scientist, by L David Norris, James C Milligan and Odie B Faulk

The Lyon campaign in Missouri being a history of the First Iowa Infantry and of the causes which led up to its organization, and how it earned the thanks of Congress, which it got: together with a birdseye view of the conditions in Iowa preceding the great Civil War of 1861, by E F Ware

An account of the battle of Wilson's Creek or Oak Hills, fought between the Union troops, commanded by Gen. N. Lyon and the Southern, or Confederate troops, under command of Gens. McCulloch and Price, on Saturday, August 10, 1861, in Greene county, Missouri Written and comp. from authentic sources, by Holcombe & Adams

Of duty well and faithfully done: A history of the Regular Army in the Civil War, by Clayton R Newell and Charles R Shrader

The Army of the United States: Historical sketches of staff and line with portraits of generals in chief, by T F Rodenbough, Brevet Brigadier General, and W L Haskin, Major, First Artillery

Official Army Register for September 1861, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, 1 September, 1861

Biographical register of officers and graduates of the United States Military Academy, at West Point, N. Y., from its establishment, 16 March, 1802 to the army reorganisation of 1866-67, by Bvt. Major General George W Cullum, Colonel, Corps of Enginers, U. S. Army

Notes

Second United States Cavalry

Washington, D. C., Companies B, D, E, G, H, and I, 13 April-10 May, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies D and H, under the command of Captain I N Palmer, arrived at Washington, D. C., on 13 April, 1861, and encamped at the Treasury Building, Washington, D. C., the same day. Companies B, E, G, and I arrived at Washington, D. C., on 10 May, 1861, and and encamped at Park, Seventh Street, Washington, D. C., the same day. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B, D, E, G, H, and I, were assigned to guard duty at the White House and the Treasury buildings, Washington, D. C., in May 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, and Alexandria, Companies B, E, and I, 24 May, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B, E, and I, under the command of Major G Stoneman, 1st United States Cavalry, were order across the Potomac River in the morning on 24 May, 1861, and Company E, under the command of First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, proceeded by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., to Alexandria, Virginia; Company I, under the command of Captain A G Brackett, by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., to Arlington Heights, Alexandria County; and Company B, under the command of First Lieutenant C H Tompkins, by the Chain Bridge, above Georgetown, D. C., to the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad the same day (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Assignments, Companies B, E, I, and G, 24-31 May, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was stationed on the Georgetown & Falls Church Road at the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad in the afternoon on 24 May, 1861, and two companies of the 28th New York State Militia were assigned as support the same day (See the 28th New York State Militia). Company B was assigned to the Aqueduct Brigade, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, on 24 May, 1861, and was stationed on the Georgetown & Falls Church Road between Arlington Heights and Balls Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G, under the command of Second Lieutenant T Drummond, was ordered across the Potomac River by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., on 26 May, 1861, and was assigned to Captain A G Brackett, stationed at the rear of Arlington House, near Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, was stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, under the command of First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, on 31 May, 1861.

Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, Company B, 31 May-1 June, 1861: A detachment of fifty members of the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, under the command of First Lieutenant CH Tompkins, was ordered on a reconnaissance near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 31 May, 1861, and was engaged in a skirmish in the morning on 1 June, 1861 (See the Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse).

Note: Second Lieutenant D S Gordon, 2nd United States Dragoons, was assigned to the detachment of the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, during the skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861

Rockville Expedtion, 10 June-2 July, Company H, 1861: A detachment of the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company H, was ordered to Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland, on 10 June, 1861, and proceeded to Washington, D. C., on 2 July, 1861 (See the United States Army, Department of Washington).

Note: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, was stationed at Balls Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, on 20 June, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters Department of Northeastern Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was assigned to the First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, under the command of Colonel E D Tyler; the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G and I, to the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, under the command of Colonel A Porter; and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, to the First Brigade, Third Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters Department of Northeastern Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861

2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G and I: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G and I, were assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Columbia Turnpike to Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day. Companies G and I arrived at the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near Arlington Mills, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 16 July, 1861, and encamped at Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 PM the same day. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G and I, were ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and arrived by the Little River Turnpike via Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM the same day. Companies G and I were ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Turnpike to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and arrived same day.

2nd United States Cavalry, Company B: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, was assigned to the First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 16 July, 1861. Company B arrived at Vienna via Old Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 17 July, 1861. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, arrived at Germantown via Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day and was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861. Company B arrived by the Warrenton Turnpike at Centreville via Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning the same day.

2nd United States Cavalry, Company E: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, accompanied the First Brigade, Third, Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, and was ordered to proceed by the Old Fairfax Road to Pohick Run at 10 AM on 16 July, 1861. Company E arrived at the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near Burkes Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 PM the same day, and was ordered to Sangster's Station, Prince William County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 17 July, 1861. The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, arrived at Sangster's Station, Prince William County, via Elzey's, Fairfax County, Virginia,at 3 PM same day and was ordered to Little Rocky Run, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 18 July, 1861. Company E arrived by the Old Braddock Road at Little Rocky Run, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day.

Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, Companies G and I, 18 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies G and I, under the command of Captain A G Brackett, were ordered on a reconnaissance to Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Colonel I B Richardson, by Brigadier General D Tyler in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and were accompanied by Brethschneider's Light Battalion Infantry (See Brethschneider's Light Battalion Infantry). Companies G and I were assigned as support to the 3rd United States Artillery, Light Company E, during a skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, between 12 PM and 4 PM the same day (See the 3rd United States Artillery, Light Company E).

Note: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies D and H, was assigned to guard duty at the Treasury Building, Washington, D. C., during the first battle of Bull Run.

First United States Cavalry

Washington, D. C., Companies A and E, 9 July, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, arrived at Washington, D. C., on 9 July, 1861, and encamped at Seventh Street Park, Washington, D. C., the same day.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, 16-18 July, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, were assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Columbia Turnpike to the Little River Turnpike at 4 PM on 16 July, 1861. Companies A and E arrived at at Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 PM on 16 July, 1861, and were ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861. The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, arrived by the Little River Turnpike at Fairfax Courthouse via Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 17 July, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Turnpike to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861. Companies A and E encamped near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Second United States Dragoons

Washington, D. C., Company K, 2 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Company K, was ordered to Washington, D. C., on 2 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 2nd United States Dragoons, Company K, 16-18 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Dragoons, Company K, was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Columbia Turnpike to the Little River Turnpike at 4 PM on 16 July, 1861. Company K arrived at at Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 PM on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861. The 2nd United States Dragoons, Company K, arrived by the Little River Turnpike at Fairfax Courthouse via Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 17 July, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Turnpike to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861. Company K encamped near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

United States Battalion Cavalry

Assignments prior to first battle of Bull Run: Second Lieutenant D S Gordon, 2nd United States Dragoons, was assigned as aide de camp to Colonel E D Keyes, First Brigade, First Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia; Second Lieutenant G A Custer to the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company G; Second Lieutenants J W Spangler and H McQuade, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company H, and Second Lieutennat C B McClellen, United States Mounted Riflemen, to the United States Battalion Cavalry; First Lieutenant J J Sweet, 2nd United States Cavalry, Company K, as aide de camp to Colonel S P Heintzelman, Third Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia (See the Third Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia); First Lieutenant S W Stockton, 1st United States Cavalry, as aide de camp to Colonel D Hunter, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia (See the Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia).

West Point Military Academy, Orange County, New York, 24 June, 1861: Cadet G A Custer arrived at Washington, D. C., on 20 July, 1861, and was appointed second lieutenant, 2nd United States Infantry, Company G, by Special Orders No.41, War Department, Adjutant and General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 3 July, 1861.

Distribution, 19 July, 1861: The 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, was assigned as escort to Brigadier General I McDowell; the the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company E, was assigned as escort to Brigadier General S P Heintzleman; the 2nd United States Dragoons, Company K, was assigned as escort to Colonel D Hunter; and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B and G, and the 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, were assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, under the command of Major I N Palmer, on 19 July, 1861.

Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The United States Battalion Cavalry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 4.30 AM the same day. The battalion was ordered to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 5.30 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 9.30 AM the same day.

Order of march, 21 July, 1861: The 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D; the United States Marine Corps Battalion; the 27th New York Infantry; the 14th New York State Militia; the 8th New York State Militia; the United States Battalion Infantry; and the United States Battalion Cavalry, on 16 July, 1861.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the United States Battalion Cavalry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 8.30 PM the same day. The battalion arrived near Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 22 July, 1861.

Redesignated, 3 August, 1861: The 1st United States Cavalry was redesignated the 4th United States Cavalry; the 2nd United States Cavalry the 5th United States Cavalry; the 2nd United States Dragoons the 2nd United States Cavalry; and the United States Mounted Riflemen the 3rd United States Cavalry on 3 August, 1861.

The Department of Northeastern Virginia and the Department of Washington were consolidated as the Military District of the Potomac on 25 July, 1861, and was redesignated the Department of the Potomac or Army of the Potomac on 15 August, 1861. The 1st United States Cavalry, Companies A and E, were assigned as Provost Guard, under the command of Colonel A Porter, 16th United States Infantry, on 30 July, 1861; the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company I, to Brigadier General W T Sherman's Brigade, Army of the Potomac, and Company G, to Brigadier General P Kearney's Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 4 August, 1861; and the 2nd United States Dragoons, Company K, and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Companies B and E, to duty at Washington, D. C., in August 1861.

Report

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.37: Series I, Volume 2 (S# 2), Chapter IX, p.393
Major I N Palmer, United States Battalion Cavalry