The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Second Brigade, Second Division

First Lieutenant J A Monroe, 2nd Rhode Island Artillery

First Lieutenant J A Monroe, 2nd Rhode Island Artillery

Second Rhode Island Light Artillery

Mustered in United States service for three years 6 June, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 22 June, 1861. Redesignated First Rhode Island Light Artillery, Company A, 2 August, 1861

CAPTAIN W H REYNOLDS
First Lieutenant W H Reynolds, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Light Artillery, was appointed captain, 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery, on 1 June, 1861.

Section: FIRST LT. T F VAUGHN
First Sergeant T F Vaughn, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Light Artillery, was appointed first lieutenant, 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery, on 1 June, 1861.

Two 13 pounder James rifles

Section: FIRST LT. J A MONROE
Two 13 pounder James rifles
Section: SECOND LT. J A TOMPKINS
Two 13 pounder James rifles

Statement of artillery lost: Five 13 pounder James rifles

Sources

"The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery relieved the 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery on 29 July, 1861, at Sandy Hook as its term of service had expired and was designated Battery A, 1st Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery. The 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery (Providence Marine Corps of Artillery) was commanded by Captain C H Tompkins, and organised for 3 months with the 1st Rhode Island (Detached Militia) but saw no action."

"On 18 June, 1864, original members of Battery A, 1st Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery were mustered out at Providence. Battery A and B, 1st Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery were consolidated, as Battery B, on 12 August, 1864."

The history of Battery B, First regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery in the war to preserve the union, 1861–1865, by T M Aldrich

"Battery A 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, under the command of Senior Capt. William H Reynolds, was a six-gun battery armed with old model 1839 or 1841 6-pounder smoothbore cannons that had been converted by milling and rifling the barrels to fire the James rifled projectile".

The Sumter Flying Artillery: A Civil War history of the Eleventh Battalion Georgia Light Artillery, by James L Speicher

"Through the influence of Governor Sprague the company was furnished with a complete battery of twelve pounder James guns, which arrived here some time in May, I think, and then the drills became spirited in exercise in the manual of the piece, mechanical maneuvres, as well as in marching."

"Without any thought, except to take the pieces to that position, I ordered my remaining piece and one of Lieutenant Vaughan's forward, and accompanied by Captain Reynolds proceeded across the turnpike and up the road leading to the place where the two batteries were in position".

Personal narratives of the battles of the Rebellion No.2: The Rhode Island Artillery at the first battle of Bull Run, by J Albert Monroe

Rhode Island in the Rebellion, by Edwin W Stone

Diary of Battery A, First Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery, by T Reichardt

Notes

The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was accepted in state service for three years at Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 7 May, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the call for 42,034 volunteers to serve three years, unless sooner discharged, on 19 June, 1861, dated 3 May, 1861.

Organisation of the 2nd Rhode Island Detached Militia, 4 June, 1861: Colonel J S Slocum, Lieutenant Colonel A R Eddy, Major (Vacant); Company A (83), Captain C G Dyer; Company B (79), Captain J Wright; Company C (83), detachments of Providence Artillery and Mechanic Rifles, Nos.1 and 2, Captain N Viall; Company D (83), detachments of National Cadets, First Light Infantry, and City Guards, Captain W H P Steere; Company E (83), Captain I P Rodman; Company F (83), Captain L A Tower; Company G (83), Captain N Goff, Jr.; Company H (83), Captain C W Greene; Company I (82), Captain S J Smith; Company K (82), Captain C W Turner; Marine Artillery (138), Captain W H Reynolds (See the 2nd Rhode Island Infantry)

Note: First Lieutenant W H Reynolds, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Artillery, was ordered to Providence, Providence, Rhode Island, in the afternoon on 2 June, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers).

Mustered in three years, Eddy Street, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, 6 June, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was mustered in United States service for three years at Eddy Street, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, by Colonel S Loomis, 5th United States Infantry, at 5 PM on 6 June, 1861.

Dexter Training Ground, on Westminster, Parade, & Dexter Streets, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, 8 June, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was ordered to the Dexter Training Ground, on Westminster, Parade, and Dexter Streets, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 8 June, 1861.

Note: Camp Burnside, Dexter Training Ground, on Westminster, Parade, and Dexter Streets, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, was named in honour of Colonel A E Burnside, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia, by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 8 June, 1861.

Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, to New York City, New York County, New York, 19-20 June, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was ordered to India Point Park, Fox Point, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, at 9 AM on 19 June, 1861, and proceeded by the steamer Kill von Kull to New York City, New York County, New York, at 4 PM on 19 June, 1861. The company arrived on the North or Hudson River at New York City, New York County, New York, at 11 AM on 20 June, 1861.

Note: The 2nd Rhode Island Infantry arrived by the steamers State of Maine and Metropolis at Piers No.3 and 4, on West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, at 11 AM on 20 June, 1861 (See the 2nd Rhode Island Infantry).

New York City, New York County, New York, to Washington, D. C., 20-22 June, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was ordered to procced by the steamer Kill von Kull on the North or Hudson River to Elizabethport, Union County, New Jersey, at 12 PM on 20 June, 1861, and proceeded by the New Jersey Central Railroad to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 4 PM on 20 June, 1861. The company arrived by the Lebanon Valley Railroad via Easton, Northampton County, and Reading, Berks County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 21 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Northern Central Railroad to Baltimore, Maryland, in the afternoon the same day. The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery arrived at Bolton Station, at the junction of Bolton and North Howard Streets, Baltimore, Maryland, at 8 PM on 21 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 10 PM on 21 June, 1861. The company arrived by the Wasington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 2.30 AM on 22 June, 1861.

Washington to J Gales' woods, a quarter of a mile northeast of G Keating's Farm, west of the old Bladensburg Road, D. C., 22 June, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery arrived at Camp Clark, J Gales' woods, a quarter of a mile northeast of G Keating's Farm, west of the old Bladensburg Road, D. C., on 22 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.167, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 2 July, 1861: The 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia, the 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, the 71st New York State Militia, the 2nd New Hampshire Infantry, and the 2nd Rhode Island Artillery was assigned to Colonel A E Burnside, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia, by Special Orders No.167, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 2 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was assigned to the Second Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel A E Burnside, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Disposition of the Second Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, 15 July, 1861: Headquarters, Second Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, Colonel A E Burnside, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia, J Gales' woods, a quarter of a mile northeast of G Keating's Farm, west of the old Bladensburg Road, D. C.; 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia, Major J P Balch, J Gales' woods, a quarter of a mile northeast of G Keating's Farm, west of the old Bladensburg Road, D. C.; 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, Colonel J S Slocum, J Gales' woods, a quarter of a mile northeast of G Keating's Farm, west of the old Bladensburg Road, D. C.; 2nd New Hampshire Infantry, Colonel G Marston, vicinity of Glenwood Cemetery, east of Seventh Street Turnpike, D. C.; 71st New York State Militia, Colonel H P Martin, Navy Yard, on M Street, between Sixth and Ninth Streets, Washington, D. C.; 2nd Rhode Island Artillery, Captain W H Reynolds, J Gales' woods, a quarter of a mile northeast of G Keating's Farm, west of the old Bladensburg Road, D. C.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was ordered to rendezvous on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., at 1.30 PM on 16 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia and the 2nd Rhode Island Infantry. The regiment was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 3 PM the same day and arrived by the Columbia Turnpike at the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, in the vicinity of Arlington Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 16 July, 1861. The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery arrived by the Little River Turnpike at Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 8 PM the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Little River Turnpike to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 17 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day and was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861. The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery arrived at B D Utterback's farm, in the vicinity of Little Rock Run, north of the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, two miles east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day.

Note: Brigadier General I McDowell, United States Army, accompanied the Second Division, McDowell's Army, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

B D Utterback's farm, in the vicinity of Little Rock Run, north of the road between Centreville & Fairfax Courthouse, two miles east of Centreville, Fairfax County, to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, northeast of Sudley Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Artillery was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 4.30 AM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, northeast of Sudley Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 21 July, 1861.

Note: First Lieutenant J Monroe, 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery, ordered Sergeant J H Hammond, 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery, to the rear with one 13 pounder James rifle due to a lack of ammunition and abandoned the 13 pounder James rifle at Cub Run Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861,. Private C V Scott, 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery, and a detachment of infantry arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, with one 13 pounder James rifle in the evening on 21 July, 1861, and Sergeant J H Hammond, 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery, was assigned to command one 13 pounder James rifle at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at at 9 PM the same day. The company was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 11 PM the same day and arrived at Fort Runyon, at the junction of the Columbia and the Washington & Alexandria Turnpikes, Alexandria County, via Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning 22 July, 1861. The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 8 AM the same day and arrived at Camp Clark, J Gales' woods, a quarter of a mile northeast of G Keating's Farm, west of the old Bladensburg Road, D. C., in the afternoon the same day.

Army of Pennsylvania, 29 July-17 August, 1861

The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was stationed at Camp Clark, J Gales' woods, a quarter of a mile northeast of G Keating's Farm, west of the old Bladensburg Road, D. C., on 27 July, 1861.

J Gales' woods, a quarter of a mile northeast of G Keating's Farm, west of the old Bladensburg Road, D. C., to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, 28-29 July, 1861: The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, at 4 PM on 28 July, 1861, and arrived by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 2 PM on 29 July, 1861.

Note: The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was assigned six 10 pounder James rifles of the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Artillery at Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 29 July, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Western slope of Maryland Heights, opposite Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, & the vicinity of Weverton, Washington County, Maryland, 29 July, 1861: A detachment of the 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery and the 2nd Massachusetts Infantry, Companies B, D, E, F, H, I, and K, were stationed on the western slope of Maryland Heights, opposite Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel G H Gordon, 2nd Massachusetts Infantry, on 29 July, 1861 (See the Sixth Brigade, Second Division, Army of Pennsylvania).

Note: The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel G H Thomas, 2nd United States Cavalry, by General Orders No.36, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, on 29 July, 1861 (See the First Brigade, First Division, Army of Pennsylvania).

Vicinity of Weverton, Washington County, Maryland, 29 July-13 August, 1861: A detachment of the 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was stationed in the vicinity of Weverton, Washington County, Maryland, between 29 July and 13 August, 1861.

Note: The 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Light Artillery, under the command of Captain C H Tompkins, was stationed at Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 28 July, 1861, and was ordered to Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, in the evening on 29 July, 1861.

Redesignated 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Company A: The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was redesignated the 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Company A, on 2 August, 1861.

Mustered out, Railroad Hall, on Market Square, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, 18 June, 1864: The 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Company A, was mustered out at Railroad Hall, on Market Square, Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 18 June, 1864, and the men of 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Companies A and B, not entitled to be mustered out were consolidated as the 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Company B, under the command of Captain T F Brown, in the vicinity of Petersburg, Virginia, on 12 August, 1864.

Note: A detachment of the 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Company A, was mustered out in the vicinity of Petersburg, Virginia, on 12 August, 1864.

Colonel A E Burnside, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia, Second Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army: A E Burnside, formerly a brigadier general, Rhode Island Militia, was stationed at New York City, New York, on 15 April, 1861, and proceeded to Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, the same day. He arrived at Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 16 April, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia, the same day.

Note: The 2nd Rhode Island Light Artillery was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel G H Thomas, 2nd United States Cavalry, by General Orders No.36, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Department of the Shenandoah, Sandy Hook, Washington County, Maryland, on 29 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.39: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp395-399
Colonel A E Burnside, First Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, Second Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 19 August, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.31: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp382-383
Colonel D Hunter, Third United States Cavalry, Second Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 5 August, 1861