The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Second Brigade, Second Division

Colonel H P Martin, 71st New York State Militia

Colonel H P Martin, 71st New York State Militia Infantry

Seventy-first New York State Militia Infantry

Arrived at Washington, D. C., 27 April, 1861. Mustered in United States service for three months 3 May, 1861

COLONEL H P MARTIN
Colonel A S Vosburgh, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, died of pulmonary disease at Washington, D. C., on 20 May, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel H P Martin was appointed colonel, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, on 19 June, 1861, dated 15 June, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL C H SMITH
Brigade & Adjutant Major C H Smith, First Brigade, First Division, New York State (Militia) Volunteers, was appointed lieutennat colonel, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, on 19 June, 1861, dated 15 June, 1861.

MAJOR G A BUCKINGHAM
G A Buckingham was appointed major, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, on 6 December, 1860.

Company A Light Guard: CAPT. D D HART
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, under the command of Captain J R Garland, on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., under the command of First Lieutenant D D Hart, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company A, on 27 April, 1861. First Lieutenant D D Hart was appointed captain, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company A, on 3 May, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. B L TRAFFORD
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and B L Trafford was appointed captain, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company B, on 7 February, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. W J COLES
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and W J Coles was appointed captain, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company C, on 25 May, 1857.
Company D: CAPT. D C Mu(e)SCHUTT
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and D C Mu(e)schutt was appointed captain, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company D, on 25 February, 1855.
Company E: CAPT. E S WADE
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, under the command of Captain H F Metzler, on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., under the command of First Lieutenant E S Wade, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company E, on 27 April, 1861. First Lieutenant E S Wade was appointed captain, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company E, on 3 May, 1861.
Company F: CAPT. J L ELLIS
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and J L Ellis was appointed captain, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company F, on 8 February, 1861.
Company G: CAPT. W S DUNHAM
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, under the command of Captain A P Kinnan, on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., under the command of First Lieutenant T A Murphy, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company F, on 27 April, 1861. First Lieutenant W S Dunham, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company G, was appointed captain, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company G, on 3 May, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. A F MILLER
The company was accepted in state service at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 19 April, 1861.
Company I Paramenter Rifles: CAPT. A VAN H ELLIS
The company was organised as an howitzer company at Newburgh, Orange County, New York, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., at 2 AM on 4 June, 1861. The company was accompanied by the 79th New York State Militia Infantry and was assigned to the 71st New York State Militia Infantry on 5 June, 1861. A Van H Ellis was appointed captain, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company I, on 28 June, 1861, and the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company I, was assigned two 12 pounder howitzers by Captain J A Dahlgren, United States Navy, on 8 June, 1861.
Corps Engineers: Capt. E A Quintard
Ten men were assigned to the Corps Engineers at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and E A Quintard was appointed captain, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, engineer, on 8 July, 1861, dated 19 May, 1861.
Dodsworth Band: Band Ldr. H J Dodsworth

Sources

"Yesterday afternoon, through the courtesy of Colonel Stone, the efficient officer in charge of the Washington Branch Railroad, we were permitted to take a trip out to the Annapolis JUnction, on the special train sent out for the New York Seventy-first Regiment. The uniform consists of dark blue coat, blue pants with black stripe and gilt borders, and blue fatigue caps."

The Evening Star, 27 April, 1861 - The new military road - Arrival of the Seventy-first Regiment of New York

"The following positions, as nearly as we can learn, are occupied by the northern troops in and around Washington: The 5th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Schwarzwealder, 1,100 men, is quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pinckney, 850 men, is quartered in the City of Washington and at Annapolis. The 7th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lefferts, 1,300 men, is encamped on Prospect Hill, a mile from the White House. The 8th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lyons, 960 men, occupy the Relay House, and a detachment is also stationed at Annapolis. The 12th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Butterfield, 950 men, is quartered in the City. The 13th Regiment N.Y.S.M. (Brooklyn), Colonel Smith, 1,100 men, is stationed at Annapolis. The 20th Regiment (Ulster) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pratt, 800 men, is stationed in Washington. The 25th Regiment (Albany) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Bryan, 800 men, is quartered in Washington. The 28th Regiment (Brooklyn) N.Y.S.M., Colonel M. Bennett, 550 men, is quartered in Washington. The 69th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Corcoran, 1,100 men, is quartered on Georgetown Heights, near the college. The 71st Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Vosburgh, 1,100 men, occupy the Navy yard. They also have control of three boats on the river, manned with 75 men each. The Alexandria bridge is also in charge of the 71st, 150 men stationed on the bridge with three pieces of ordnance. The 1st Regiment Firemen Zouaves (Volunteers), Colonel E. E. Ellsworth, 1,015 men, will soon be encamped on Georgetown Heights. They have been quartered in the Capital. Governor Sprague's Rhode Islanders, Colonel Burnside, 1,100 men, are quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment Massachusetts occupies the Relay House, nine miles from Baltimore. The 8th Massachusetts Regiment is quartered in Washington. A Regiment of pennsylvania troops is stationed at the Relay House with the Massachusetts 6th and New York 8th, while the remainder is stationed in Washington. The 4th New jersey Regiment has gone into encampment on Merdian Hill, near the camp of the New York 7th. About 2,700 New Jersey soldiers are quartered in Washington."

The Belmont Chronicle (St Clairsville, Belmont County, Ohio), 16 May, 1861 - Positions of Northern troops in the South

"The seventy-first New York regiment left their quarters at the Navy Yard at two o'clock yesterday morning, upon steamers, for Alexandria. They are now stationed at the northern end of that city."

The National Republican, 29 May, 1861 - Over the river

"Two companies of the Seventy-first New York Regiment, - companies I (artillery) and F (infantry) - left the Navy Yard at 10 p.m. yesterday, on board the Mount Vernon, for Port Tobacco. The Mount Vernon had not returned up to 12 m. today."

"The steamers Philadelphia and Baltimore left the Navy Yard at 3 a.m. today, taking on board the Seventy-first New York Regiment, and proceeded to Alexandria."

The National Republican, 6 June, 1861

"The seventy-first New York regiment left their quarters at the Navy Yard at two o'clock yesterday morning, upon steamers, for Alexandria. They are now stationed at the northern end of that city."

The Evening Star, 18 June, 1861 - Navy Yard news

"An election was held at the officers' quarters of the Seventy-first regiment on Sunday, for the purpose of electing a Colonel and Lieutenant Colonel. Henry P. Martin, acting Lieutenant Colonel, was unanimously elected Colonel of the regiment, and Brigade Major Smith, Lieutenant Colonel."

The New York Herald, 18 June, 1861 - Election of colonel and lieutenant colonel of the Seventy-first New York Regiment

"The second New Jersey regiment, the sixty-ninth and seventy-first New York regiments, the first and second Ohio regiments, the first Rhode Island, and the first Connecticut, retunrd home yesterday afternoon and last night, the terms for which they had enlisted having expired."

The National Republican, 26 July, 1861 - Returned home

"The uniform worn was, instead of the jacket, a grey blouse".

"Then came Burnside's Brigade of the R I regiments, the N Y 71st and the 2nd New Hampshire, accompanied by Reynold's and Webb's (Light Company A, 2nd United States Artillery) batteries, and two light howitzers, which the boys ot the 71st had learned to work and borrowed from the Navy Yard. This brigade also had a battery of rifled (seige train of 8 rifled 32 pounder) 32-pounders, under Captain T Seymour (5th United States Artillery), of Fort Sumter."

"In this battle, by the Federals called Bull Run, by the Confederates First Manassas, there was captured in the vicinity of the Henry House a beautiful brass howitzer on which was engraved, '71st Regiment, New York Volunteers' (and more which the writer does not remember), and doubtless it was the pet and treasure of the command, the idol of the 'boys,' for what use had an infantry regiment with a piece of artillery except for buncombe."

History of the 71st Regiment, N.G., N.Y., American Guard, by Augustus Theodore Francis

"After First Manassas, Colonel Hampton attempted to exchange two of these iron Tredegar howitzers for two Dahlgren 12 pounder boat howitzers, on field carraiges, abandoned by the 71st New York State Militia at the end of the battle. As it turned out, the Dahlgrens were issued instead to the Rowan Artillery of North Carolina (Reilly's Battery).

South Carolina Volunteers in the Civil War: The Hampton Legion Part 2, company histories, in collaboration with W B Bynum and H M Madaus with text and illustrations by R Field

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 1, by Frederick Phisterer

Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, Eighty-ninth session, 1866, Volume 4, Nos. 61 to 85 inclusive, by New York Legislature Assembly

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 2, New York, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio

Notes

The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was accepted in state service in state service for three months at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 19 April, 1861.

Note: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861.

Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 21-23 April, 1861: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry (950) was ordered to proceed by the steamer R R Cuyler to Washington, D. C., under the command of Major E D Keyes, 1st United States Artillery, escorted by the steamer Harriet Lane at 5.30 AM on 21 April, 1861, and arrived by Chesapeake Bay at Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, at 10 PM on 22 April, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 2 PM on 23 April, 1861, and arrived between 8 and 9 PM the same day. The 71st New York State Militia Infantry disembarked at the United States Naval Academy, near Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 10 AM on 24 April, 1861..

Steamer Baltic: 12th New York State Militia Infantry; First Lieutenant G W Synder, United States Corps Engineers; Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes, Military Secretary to Brevet Lieutenant General & Major General W Scott, United States Army (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington); Steamer Columbia: 6th New York State Militia Infantry (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Annapolis) Steamer R R Cuyler: 71st New York State Militia Infantry Steamer Coatzacoalcos: 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, first detachment; Governor W Sprague (See the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry).

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 25-27 April, 1861: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Companies A, B, D, E, F, G, H, and I, were ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 5.30 AM on 25 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the first detachment of the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry. Companies A, B, D, E, F, G, H, and I arrived at Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 8 AM on 26 April, 1861, and the 71st New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Washington, D. C., at 3 AM on 27 April, 1861, and was accompanied by six companies of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry (See the 5th Massachusetts Infantry). The 71st New York State Militia Infantry arrived at Washington, D. C., at 6 AM the same day.

Note: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company C, under the command of Captain W J Cole, was assigned to guard the baggage wagons at the United States Naval Academy, near Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, on 25 April, 1861, and arrived by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad at Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, in the morning on 26 April, 1861.

Inauguration Ballroom, City Hall, to the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., 27 April, 1861: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry arrived at the Inauguration Ballroom, City Hall, Washington, D. C., in the morning on 27 April, 1861.

Special Orders No.32, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 27 April, 1861: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was assigned to guard public property at the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., by Special Orders No.32, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., at 3 PM on 27 April, 1861, and arrived on 28 April, 1861.

Note: The Washington Light Guards, 4th District of Columbia Militia Battalin Infantry, under the command of First Lieutenant J A Dahlgren, United States Navy, was stationed at the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., on 27 April, 1861 (See the District of Columbia Militia). The 12th New York State Militia Infantry arrived at Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, in the evening on 27 April, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Navy Yard, Washington D. C., to James River, detachment of Company D, 30 April-3 May, 1861: A detachment of twenty men of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company D, under the command of First Lieutenant G W Stow, was ordered to proceed by the steamer Baltimore to the James River, under the command of Lieutenant W C West, United States Navy, at 6 PM on 30 April, 1861, and arrived at Hampton Roads, near Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, at 10 AM on 1 May, 1861. The steamer Baltimore was assigned to blockade the James River between 1 and 2 May, 1861, and was ordered to the Navy Yard, Washington D. C., in the evening on 4 May, 1861. The steamer Baltimore arrived at White House Point, on the Potomac River, near Accotink, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 3 May, 1861, and at the Navy Yard, Washington D. C., the same day.

Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, to Washington, D. C., detachment, 2-7 May, 1861: A detachment of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the steamer Columbia to Washington, D. C., at 6 PM on 4 May, 1861, and arrived at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 5 AM on 6 May, 1861. The detachment disembarked at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 12 PM on 7 May, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 2.30 PM the same day. The detachment of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry was accompanied by the Albany Burgess Corps, 25th New York State Militia Infantry, Company R, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., at 7 PM on 7 May, 1861 (See the 25th New York State Militia Infantry).

Mustered in three months, Washington, D. C., 3 May, 1861: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Major & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 3 May, 1861.

Navy Yard or Anacostia Bridge, on the Eastern Branch or Anacostia River, detachment, 16 May, 1861: A detachment of one hundred and fifty men of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry and three field howitzers were stationed at the Navy Yard or Anacostia Bridge, on the Eastern Branch or Anacostia River, on 16 May, 1861.

Note: Colonel A S Vosburgh, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, died of pulmonary disease at Washington, D. C., at 9.30 AM on 20 May, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel H P Martin was appointed colonel, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, and Brigade Major & Inspectors C S Smith, First Brigade, First Division, New York State Militia, was appointed majorl, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, at the Navy Yard, Washington D. C., on 19 June, 1861, dated 16 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., 22 May, 1861: Major General C W Sandford, New York Volunteers, was ordered to assume immediate command of all the regiments of his State within the District of Columbia, and to report directly to general headquarters by Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 22 May, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, & Alexandria, Virginia, 23-24 May, 1861: A detachment of twenty men of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company D, under the command of First Lieutenant G W Stow, on the steamer Baltimore and a detachment of twenty men of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company E, under the command of First Lieutenant T B Prendergast, on the steamer Mount Vernon were ordered to proceed by the Anacostia River to Giesboro Point, Washington, D. C., under the command of Captain H W Morris, United States Navy, in the evening on 23 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the steamer James Guy. The steamers Baltimore and Mount Vernon arrived at Giesboro Point, Washington, D. C., at 2 AM on 24 May, 1861, and the 11th New York Infantry embarked on the steamers Baltimore and Mount Vernon in the morning the same day (See the 11th New York Infantry). The steamers Baltimore and Mount Vernon arrived at King Street Wharf, Alexandria, Virginia, at 4 AM on 24 May, 1861, and and a detachment of twenty men of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company E, under the command of First Lieutenant T B Prendergast, disembarked at 5 AM the same day (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Note: A detachment of twenty men of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company E, under the command of First Lieutenant T B Prendergast, was ordered to the steamer Mount Vernon in the morning on 24 May, 1861.

Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., to Alexandria, Virginia, 28-29 May, 1861: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the steamers Philadelphia and James Guy across the Potomac River to Alexandria, Virginia, at 4 AM on 28 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the steamers Baltimore and Pocohontas. The regiment arrived at Alexandria, Virginia, at 5 AM the same day and arrived near Roach's Mills (Old cotton factory), Alexandria County, Virginia, in the morning on 28 May, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Alexandria, Virginia, at 7 PM the same day and Company C was stationed at the Marshall House and Companies A, B, D, E, F, G, and H in deserted houses at Alexandria, Virginia, in the evening on 28 May, 1861. The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was ordered by steamers across the Potomac River to the Navy Yard, Washington D. C., at 11 AM on 29 May, 1861.

Note: A detachment of twenty-one men of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry was stationed at the Navy Yard and a detachment at the Navy Yard or Anacostia Bridge, on the Eastern Branch or Anacostia River, in the morning on 28 May, 1861, and the 5th Pennsylvania Infantry arrived at Alexandria, Virginia, in the morning on 29 May, 1861 (See the 5th Pennsylvania Infantry).

Skirmish at Aquia Landing, overlooking the Potomac River & Aquia Creek, detachment of Company C, 31 May & 1 June, 1861: Twenty-two men of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company C, under the command of First Lieutenant T B Prendergast, Company E, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Anacostia to Acquia Landing, overlooking the Potomac River and Aquia Creek, under the command Captain N Collins, United States Navy, at 11 AM on 30 May, 1861, and arrived at 5.30 PM the same day (See the 2nd Tennessee Infantry). The steamers Thomas Freeborn and Resolute were engaged in a skirmish at Aquia Landing, overlooking the Potomac River and Aquia Creek, between 10 AM and 12 PM on 31 May, 1861, and the steamers Anacosta, Pawnee, Yankee, Thomas Freeborn and Reliance between 11.30 AM and 4.30 PM on 1 June, 1861.

Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., to Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, detachments of Companies C & E, 4 June, 1861: A detachment of twenty-one men of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Companiy C, under the command of First Lieutenant S H Maynard, was ordered to proceed by the steamer Annacosta and a detachment of twenty-one men of Company E, under the command of First Lieutenant T B Prendergast, by the steamer Mount Vernon to Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, at 7 PM on 4 June, 1861.

Note: Firsts Lieutenant T B Prendergast and J R Klots, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Companies E and B, respectively, were stationed at Manhattan, New Youk City (New York County), New York, in the evening on 10 June, 1861.

Note: A detachment of twenty men of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company D, under the command of Second Lieutenant D H DeNyse, was stationed on the steamer Philadelphia, under the command of Lieutenant W C West, United States Navy, on 4 June, 1861, and a company of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, under the command of Acting Lieutenant Colonel H P Martin, 71st New York State Militia Infantry, was ordered on a reconnaissance to Maryland on 10 June, 1861, and arrived at the Navy Yard, Washington D. C., at 3 AM on 11 June, 1861.

Acquia Landing, overlooking the Potomac River & Aquia Creek, 12 June, 1861: A detachment of twenty-two men of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company F, under the command of Sergeant R Frith, was ordered to proceed by the steamer Mount Vernon on the Potomac River to Acquia Landing, overlooking the Potomac River and Aquia Creek, on 12 June, 1861.

Port Tobacco, Charles County, Maryland, on the Potomac River, 17-18 June, 1861: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Companies F and I, under the command of Captain J Ellis, Company F, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Mount Vernon on a reconnaissance on the Potomac River to Port Tobacco, Charles County, Maryland, in the evening on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Chapel Point, Charles County, Maryland, on the Port Tobacco River, at 4 AM on 18 June, 1861. Companies F and I arrived at the Navy Yard, Washington D. C., at 5 PM the same day.

Skirmish at Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 18 June, 1861: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the steamers Philadelphia and Baltimore across the Potomac River to Alexandria, Virginia, at 3 AM on 18 June, 1861, and was assigned as support to the 1st Ohio Infantry after the skirmish at Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861 (See the 1st Ohio Infantry). The regiment was ordered to the Navy Yard, Washington D. C., at 8 PM the same day.

Note: A detachment of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to White Stone Point, Fairfax County, Virginia, on the Potomac River, on 20 June, 1861, and arrived at the Navy Yard, Washington D. C., in the evening the same day. Captain J A Dahlgren assigned two brass 12 pounder howitzers to the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company I, under the command of Captain A Van Horne Ellis, on 8 July, 1861.

Special Orders No.167, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 2 July, 1861: The 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, the 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, the 2nd New Hampshire Infantry, and the 2nd Rhode Island Artillery was assigned to Colonel A E Burnside, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, by Special Orders No.167, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 2 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel A E Burnside, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Chapel Point, Charles County, Maryland, on the Potomac River, Company H, 11 July, 1861: A detachment of the 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Company H, were ordered to proceed by the steamer James Guy on the Potomac River to Chapel Point, Charles County, Maryland, under the command of Lieutenant Pritchard, United States Navy, in the evening on 11 July, 1861, and were accompanied by Captain N Darling, chief of police, Washington, D. C.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to rendezvous on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., at 1.30 PM on 16 July, 1861, and proceeded across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 3 PM on 16 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Columbia Turnpike to the Little River Turnpike at 4 PM the same day and arrived at Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, via Fort Runyon, near Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 7 PM on 16 July, 1861. The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861,and arrived by the Little River Turnpike at Fairfax Courthouse via Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and proceeded by the Warrenton Turnpike to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day. The 71st New York State Militia Infantry arrived at at Camp Bush, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 July, 1861.

Note: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry, Corps Engineers, and a detachment of the 2nd New Hampshire Infantry were assigned to clear the road for artillery on 16 July, 1861, and the 71st New York State Militia Infantry encamped at Camp Bush, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861.

Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 4.30 AM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 5.30 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 9.30 AM the same day.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the 71st New York State Militia was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 9 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 11 PM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Fort Runyon, near Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia, in the morning on 22 July, 1861. The 71st New York State Militia was ordered across the Potomac River by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 8 AM the same day and arrived at the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 71st New York State Militia, Company I, was unable to drag the two 12 pounder howitzers across Cub Run Bridge, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861, and were abandoned.

Mustered out, Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 30 July, 1861: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, in the afternoon on 25 July, 1861, and arrived by the Camden & Amboy Railroad and ferry at Pier No.1, North River, Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, at 6.30 AM on 26 July, 1861. The regiment, under the command of Colonel H P Martin, was mustered out at Bond Street, Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, by Lieutennat Colonel O L Shephard, 18th United States Infantry, at 3 PM on 30 July, 1861.

Note: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was mustered in United States service at New York City, New York, for three months on 28 May, 1862, and was mustered out at on 2 September, 1862; and was mustered in United States service at New York City, New York, for thirty days on 17 June, 1863, and was mustered out at on 22 July, 1863.

Colonel A E Burnside, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, Second Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army: A E Burnside was stationed at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, on 15 April, 1861, and arrived at Providence, Providence County, Rhode Island, on 16 April, 1861. He was appointed colonel, 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, the same day and brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 6 August, 1861 (See the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry).

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.41: Series I, Volume 51 Part I (Serial No.107), pp22-23
Colonel H P Martin, Seventy-first New York State Militia Infantry, Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, 1 August, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.39: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp395-399
Colonel A E Burnside, First Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, Second Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 19 August, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.31: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp382-383
Colonel D Hunter, Third United States Cavalry, Second Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 5 August, 1861